John Joseph Haley Jr was an American vaudevillian, radio host, comedian and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man and his farmhand counterpart "Hickory" in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz. Haley was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Canadian-born parents John Joseph Haley Sr. and Ellen Curley Haley. His father was a sailor by trade and died in a ship wreck off the coast of Nova Scotia on February 1, 1899, when Jack was only six months old, he had one older brother, who died of pneumonia in 1915 at the age of 20 after contracting tuberculosis. Haley headlined in vaudeville as a song-and-dance comedian. One of his closest friends was Fred Allen, who would mention "Mr. Jacob Haley of Newton Highlands, Massachusetts" on the air. In the early 1930s, Haley starred in comedy shorts for Vitaphone in New York, his wide-eyed, good-natured expression gained him supporting roles in musical feature films, including Poor Little Rich Girl with Shirley Temple and Higher with Frank Sinatra and the Irving Berlin musical Alexander's Ragtime Band.
Both Poor Little Rich Girl and Alexander's Ragtime Band were released by Twentieth Century-Fox. Haley was under contract to them and appeared in the Fox films Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm and Pigskin Parade, marking his first appearance with Judy Garland. Haley hosted a radio show from 1937 to 1939 known to many as The Jack Haley Show; the first season, the show was known as The Log Cabin Jamboree. The next season, the show was known as The Wonder Show. During the second season the show featured Lucille Ball as regular radio performers. Haley returned to musical comedies in the 1940s. Most of his'40s work was for RKO Radio Pictures, he left the studio in 1947. Phillip Terry took the role, he subsequently went into real estate, taking guest roles in television series over the next couple of decades. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer hired Haley for the part of the Tin Man in The Wizard of Oz after its contracted song-and-dance comedian Buddy Ebsen suffered an fatal allergic reaction, he had unwittingly inhaled some of the aluminum dust that composed the majority of the components that went into the creation of his silver face makeup.
Bits of it began to settle on his lungs and within a few days of principal photographic testing, he found himself preparing to sit down to dinner one night only to encounter difficulties taking a regular breath of oxygen. The dust was subsequently converted into a paste for Haley in the hope that the previous catastrophe that befell Ebsen would not be repeated; this time around, however, a different incident occurred. The application of the aluminum paste to Haley's face resulted in an eye infection that led to his being off the set for four days of shooting. Appropriate surgical treatment was administered and any chance of serious or permanent eye damage averted. Haley portrayed the Tin Man's Kansas counterpart, one of Aunt Em and Uncle Henry's farmhands. Haley did not remember the costume fondly. Interviewed about the film years by Tom Snyder, he related that many fans assumed making the film was a fun experience. Haley said, "Like hell it was, it was work!" For his role as the Tin Woodman, Haley spoke in the same soft tone he used when reading bedtime stories to his children.
Oz was one of only two films Haley made for MGM. The other was Pick a 1937 Hal Roach production distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Haley was raised Roman Catholic, he was a member of the Good Shepherd Parish and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California. He married Florence McFadden, a native of Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania on February 25, 1921. "As show people do, we became inseparable." They remained married until his death. Flo Haley had many film personalities among her clients; the couple had a son, Jack Haley Jr. who became a successful film producer, a daughter, Gloria. In 1974, the younger Haley married entertainer Liza Minnelli, the daughter of his father's Oz co-star Judy Garland; the marriage ended in divorce in 1979. Jack Haley Jr. died on April 21, 2001. Gloria Haley-Parnassus died on May 1, 2010, his nephew Bob Dornan served as a Republican congressman from California. Haley's last film appearance was in 1977's New York, New York—in the lavish "Happy Endings" musical number, he played a host who introduces a top Broadway star at an award ceremony, played by his then-daughter-in-law, Liza Minnelli.
On April 9, 1979 he appeared at the 51st Academy Awards ceremony with his Oz co-star Ray Bolger to present the award for Best Costume Design. Bolger announced Haley the winner. Before he could open the envelope, Bolger asked, "How come you get to read the winner?", to which Haley replied, "When your son produces the show, you can announce the winner." Jack Jr. was the show's producer that year. Haley remained active until a week before his death. On June 6, 1979, Haley died of a heart attack at the UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, California at the age of 80, he is buried in Culver City, California. Haley's autobiography, Heart of the Tin Man, was published in 2000. Jack Haley on IMDb Jack Haley at the Internet Broadway Database Jack Haley at Find a Grave
Eugene William Pallette was an American actor. He appeared in over 240 silent era and sound era motion pictures between 1913 and 1946. After an early career as a slender leading man, Pallette became a stout character actor, he had a deep voice, which some critics have likened to the sound of a croaking frog, is best-remembered for comic character roles such as Alexander Bullock, Carole Lombard's character's father, in My Man Godfrey, as Friar Tuck in The Adventures of Robin Hood starring Errol Flynn, his similar role as Fray Felipe in The Mark of Zorro starring Tyrone Power. He starred in Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and Heaven Can Wait, he was born in Winfield, the son of William Baird Pallette and Elnora "Ella" Jackson. Both of his parents had been actors in their younger years, but by 1889 Pallette's father was an insurance salesman, his sister was Beulah L. Pallette. Pallette attended Culver Military Academy in Indiana, he worked as a jockey, did a stage act which included three horses. Pallette began his acting career on the stage in stock company roles, appearing for a period of six years.
Pallette began his silent film career as an extra and stunt man in 1910 or 1911. His first credited appearance was in the one-reel short western/drama The Fugitive, directed by Wallace Reid for Flying "A" Studios at Santa Barbara; the up-and-coming actor was splitting an apartment with actor Wallace Reid. Advancing to featured status, Pallette appeared in many westerns, he worked with D. W. Griffith on such films as The Birth of a Nation, where he played two parts, one in blackface, Intolerance, he played a Chinese role in Tod Browning's The Highbinders. At this time, Pallette had a slim, athletic figure, a far cry from his portly build in his career, he starred as the slender sword-fighting swashbuckler Aramis in Douglas Fairbanks' 1921 version of The Three Musketeers, one of the great smash hits of the silent era. However, his girth had begun ending his ambitions of becoming a leading man. Discouraged, Pallette left Hollywood for the oil fields of Texas, where he both made and lost a sizable fortune of $140,000 in the same year.
He returned to film work. After gaining a great deal of weight, he became one of the screen's most recognizable character actors. In 1927, he signed as a regular for Hal Roach Studios and was a reliable comic foil in several early Laurel and Hardy movies. In years, Pallette's weight may have topped out at more than 300 pounds; the advent of the talkies proved to be the second major career boost for Pallette. His inimitable rasping gravel voice made him one of Hollywood's most sought-after character actors in the 1930s and 1940s; the typical Pallette role was gruff and down to earth. He played the comically exasperated head of the family, the cynical backroom sharpy, the gruff police sergeant in five Philo Vance films including The Kennel Murder Case. Pallette thus appeared in more Philo Vance films than any of the ten actors who played the aristocratic lead role of Vance. Pallette's best-known role may be as Friar Tuck in The Adventures of Robin Hood. BBC commentator Dana Gioia described Pallette's onscreen appeal: The mature Pallette character is a creature of provocative contradictions—tough-minded but indulgent, earthy but epicurean, relaxed but excitable.
His grit and gravel voice sounds tough and comic.... Pallette uses his girth to create a common touch. Stuffed into a tuxedo that seems perpetually near bursting, he seems more down-to-earth than the stylish high society types who surround him. Pallette was cast as the father of lead actress Jeanne Crain for the film In Darling. Director Otto Preminger clashed with Pallette and claimed he was "an admirer of Hitler and convinced that Germany would win the war". Pallette refused to sit at the same table with black actor Clarence Muse in a scene set in a kitchen. "You're out of your mind, I won't sit next to a nigger", Pallette hissed at Preminger. Preminger furiously informed Fox studio head Darryl F. Zanuck. Although Pallette remains in scenes he had filmed, the remainder of his role not yet shot was eliminated from the script. However, a 1953 issue of the African-American magazine Jet listed Pallette as being among the attendees of a Hollywood banquet honoring the "oldest Negro actress in the world," Madame Sul-Te-Wan.
For his part, Pallette always maintained. In ill health by his late 50s, Pallette made fewer and fewer movies, for lesser studios, his final movie, was released in 1946. In 1946, convinced that there was going to be a "world blow-up" by atomic bombs, the hawkish Pallette received considerable publicity when he set up a "mountain fortress" on a 3,500-acre ranch near Imnaha, Oregon, as a hideaway from universal catastrophe; the "fortress" was stocked with a sizable herd of prize cattle, enormous supplies of food, had its own canning plant and lumber mill. When the "blow-up" he anticipated failed to materialize after two years, he began disposing of the Oregon ranch and returned to Los Angeles and his movie colony friends, he never appeared in another movie, however. Eugene Pallette died at age 65 in 1954 from throat cancer at his apartment, 10835 Wilshire Boulevard, in Los Angeles, his wife, Marj
Lloyd Corrigan was an American film and television actor, producer and director who began working in films in the 1920s. The son of actress Lillian Elliott, Corrigan directed films mysteries such as Daughter of the Dragon starring Anna May Wong, before dedicating himself more to acting in 1938, his short La Cucaracha won an Academy Award in 1935. Corrigan was born in San Francisco, California, to actress Lillian Hiby Corrigan and actor James Corrigan. Corrigan studied drama at the University of California, from which he graduated in 1922. Follow Thru to Lady Behave!. Hands Up! to Night Work Corrigan's early roles: The Splendid Crime, It. Corrigan played both romantic villains throughout his career, he appeared in a number of Boston Blackie films as millionaire Arthur Manleder. He starred with William Frawley in the 1949 film, My Home in San Antone. In the 1950 film, Cyrano de Bergerac, he played Ragueneau, the lovable pastry cook, though in this version the role is combined with that of Ligniere, the drunken poet, omitted from the film.
Corrigan continued acting in films until the middle 1960s. He worked extensively in television, having appeared as Dean Dodsworth, a college administrator, in the second season of Meet Mr. McNutley, when the CBS sitcom was renamed The Ray Milland Show for its star, Ray Milland. Corrigan appeared on dozens of television programs, such as the uncle of Corky played by Darlene Gillespie in the Mickey Mouse Club serial, "Corky and White Shadow." He appeared in two episodes of the NBC western, The Restless Gun with John Payne. He was cast on Crossroads, he appeared in the role of Wally Dippel in ABC's The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, in the syndicated crime drama, City Detective, with Rod Cameron, on the television version of How to Marry a Millionaire, with Barbara Eden and Merry Anders. He appeared on NBC's Johnny Staccato with John Cassavetes, the syndicated western, Man Without a Gun, starring Rex Reason and Mort Mills. Six times Corrigan portrayed the western author Ned Buntline in ABC's The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp.
He guest starred on the CBS sitcom, Dennis the Menace, with Jay North in the series lead. In 1959, Corrigan was cast as John Jenkins, with Anne Baxter as Ellie Jenkins, in the episode "A Race to Cincinnati" of the NBC western series, starring Darren McGavin and Burt Reynolds. In the story line, three ruthless men try to prevent a peach farmer from getting his crop to market so that he cannot make the last payment on his valuable land, which he will otherwise forfeit. Corrigan appeared twice on Death Valley Days, he was cast as the lucky hobo Carl Herman in the 1960 episode, "Money to Burn". Helen Kleeb played a recipient of Herman's largess. Paul Sorensen and William Boyett played the thieves whose $50,000 Herman gave away. In 1962, Corrigan played Dorsey Bilger, the bearer of tall tales in Totem, Idaho, in the 1962 episode, "A Sponge Full of Vinegar". In the story line, the townspeople have begun to tire of Bilger's stories; the episode featured Chris Alcaide as Charlie Winslow and Paul Birch as Sheriff Lick.
From 1960 to 1961, Corrigan appeared as a series regular, Uncle Charlie, in the NBC sitcom Happy, with Ronnie Burns, adopted son of George Burns and Gracie Allen, Yvonne Lime Fedderson, Doris Packer. He made guest appearances on CBS's Perry Mason in 1962 as Rudy in "The Case of the Dodging Domino," in 1963 as land financier and murderer Harvey Forrest in "The Case of the Decadent Dean," and in 1965 as Attorney Gerald Shore in "The Case of the Careless Kitten". In 1963, Corrigan portrayed Captain Rembrandt Van Creel in "The Day of the Flying Dutchman" on ABC's western series, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters, starring child actor Kurt Russell. Dehl Berti portrayed the Little Buffalo. From 1965-66, Corrigan appeared in the NBC TV sitcom Hank as Professor McKillup. Corky and White Shadow A Mickey Mouse Club serial - 17 episodes, as Uncle Dan Father Knows Best as Myron, one of Jim's insured who has a car accident with Cornell Wilde, the guest star. My Three Sons as Smitty, one of Bub's card playing mates.
Perry Mason Episode: "The Case of the Dodging Domino" as Rudy Mahlsted Gunsmoke "The Magician" as Jeremiah Hank as Professor McKillup Lloyd Corrigan on IMDb Lloyd Corrigan at the Internet Broadway Database Lloyd Corrigan at Find a Grave https://catalog.afi.com/Person/99886-Lloyd-Corrigan http://www.bfi.org.uk/films-tv-people/4ce2b9f805f34 http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/person/39433%7C99886/Lloyd-Corrigan/ Lloyd Corrigan signatures
Lew Brown was a lyricist for popular songs in the United States. During World War I and the Roaring Twenties, he wrote lyrics for several of the top Tin Pan Alley composers Albert Von Tilzer. Brown was one third of a successful songwriting and music publishing team with Buddy DeSylva and Ray Henderson from 1925 until 1931. Brown wrote or co-wrote many Broadway shows and Hollywood films. Among his most-popular songs are "Button Up Your Overcoat", "Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree", "Life Is Just a Bowl of Cherries", "That Old Feeling", "The Birth of the Blues". Brown was born December 1893, in Odessa, Russian Empire, part of today's Ukraine; when he was five, his family settled in New York City. He attended DeWitt Clinton High School but, at the suggestion of a teacher, he left to pursue his songwriting career without graduating. Lew Brown was married first to Sylvia Fiske to Catherine "June" Brown until his death, he had two daughters from Naomi Brown Greif and Arlyne Brown Mulligan. The latter was married to the prominent jazz saxophonist Gerry Mulligan.
Brown started writing for Tin Pan Alley in 1912 and collaborated with established composers, like Albert Von Tilzer. Two of their well-known works that year were " Kentucky Sue" and "I'm the Lonesomest Gal in Town". Brown wrote a string of popular World War I songs during 1914–1918, teaming with Von Tilzer, Al Harriman, other composers. In 1925, Brown formed his most-successful songwriting partnership with Buddy DeSylva and Ray Henderson, their cheerful hits, such as "Button Up Your Overcoat" and "The Birth of the Blues", earned lasting appreciation for "the rich variety of verbal mosaics" and "the suggestive imagery, their trademark". DeSylva left in 1931 but Brown and Henderson continued scoring Broadway shows. Brown worked with other composers, like Sammy Fain. "Brown in 1939 estimated that he had written or collaborated on about 7,000 songs."Brown wrote the lyrics to "Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree", which appeared in the film Private Buckaroo. Recordings by Glenn Miller and by the Andrews Sisters popularized the song with World War II soldiers and radio audiences.
Not long after this hit, Brown retired from songwriting. Brown and Fain's "That Old Feeling". "Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. Von Tilzer, DeSylva and Henderson were all included in the inaugural class of the Songwriters Hall of Fame; the DeSylva and Henderson songwriting team was the subject of the 1956 musical biopic: The Best Things in Life Are Free. Brown was portrayed by Ernest Borgnine. Brown died of a heart attack at home in New York City on February 5, 1958. Cecil Mack and Lew Brown, "Shine". Music: Ford Dabney. 1910. Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. " Kentucky Sue". New York: The York Music Co. 1912. OCLC 16992118 Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. "I'm The Lonesomest Gal In Town". New York: The York Music Co. 1912. Edgar Leslie and Lew Brown. "They Start in to Battle Again". New York, 1914. Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. "Au Revoir But Not Good Bye, Soldier Boy". Broadway Music, 1917. OCLC 459552706 Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. "I May Be Gone for a Long, Long Time".
Broadway Music, 1917. OCLC 20119729 Albert Von Tilzer, Charles McCarron, Lew Brown. "What Kind of an American are You?". Broadway Music, 1917. OCLC 72437572 Darl MacBoyle and Lew Brown. "Since Johnny Got His Gun". Music: Albert Von Tilzer. New York, 1917. "I'll Come Back to You When It's All Over". Music: Kerry Mills. 1917. Al Harriman and Lew Brown. "I'm Writing to You, Sammy". New York, 1917. Al Harriman and Lew Brown. "I Can't Stay Here While You're Over There". New York, 1918. Lew Brown and Al Harriman. "I Wonder What They're Doing To-Night". Music: Jack Egan. New York, 1918. Al Harriman and Lew Brown. "We'll Do Our Share". Music: Jack Egan. New York, 1918. Will Clayton and Lew Brown. " Little Girl". New York, 1918. Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. "I May Stay Away a Little Longer". New York, 1918. Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. "Oh By Jingo!" 1919. Max Friedman, Lew Porter and Lew Brown. "Tillie Don't Be So Silly". New York, 1919. Albert Von Tilzer and Lew Brown. "Dapper Dan", 1921. "Last Night on the Back Porch". Music: Carl Schraubstader.
1923. Lew Brown and Sidney Clare. "Then I'll Be Happy". Music: Cliff Friend. 1925. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "The Birth of the Blues". Music: Ray Henderson. 1926. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "It All Depends on You". Music: Ray Henderson. 1926. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "Lucky Day". Music: Ray Henderson. 1926. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "The Best Things in Life Are Free". Music: Ray Henderson. 1927. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "So Blue". Music: Ray Henderson. 1927. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "The Varsity Drag". Music: Ray Henderson. 1927. OCLC 223326831 Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "Button Up Your Overcoat". Music: Ray Henderson. 1928. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "You're the Cream in My Coffee". Music: Ray Henderson. 1928. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "Sonny Boy". Music: Ray Henderson. 1928. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "Together". Music: Ray Henderson. 1928. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "I'm A Dreamer, Aren't We All?". Music: Ray Henderson. 1929. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown. "Sunny Side Up". Music: Ray Henderson. 1929. Buddy DeSylva and Lew Brown.
"One More Time". Music: Ray Henderson. 1931. "Life Is Just a Bowl of Cherries". Music: Ray Henderson. 1931. "That's Why Darkies Were Born". Music: Ray Henderson. 1931. "Stand Up and Cheer". Music: Harry Akst. 1934. "That Old Feeling". Mus
Charles "Buddy" Rogers
Charles Edward "Buddy" Rogers was an American film actor and musician. During the peak of his popularity in the late 1920s and early 1930s he was publicized as "America's Boy Friend". Rogers was born to Bert Henry Rogers in Olathe, Kansas, he studied at the University of Kansas. In the mid-1920s he began acting professionally in Hollywood films. A talented trombonist skilled on several other musical instruments, Rogers performed with his own dance band in motion pictures and on radio. During World War II, he served in the United States Navy as a flight training instructor. According to American Dance Bands On Record and Film, compiled by Richard J. Johnson and Bernard H. Shirley, Rogers was not a bandleader in the usual sense of the term. Instead, he was a film actor. In 1933 -- 34 Rogers took over the popular Joe Haymes orchestra, his bands were organized by Milt Shaw. In 1930, he recorded two records for Columbia as a solo singer with a small jazz band accompanying. In 1932, he signed with Victor and recorded four sweet dance band records with a group organized by drummer, actor, Jess Kirkpatrick.
In 1938, he recorded six swing records. Nicknamed "Buddy", his most-remembered performance in film was opposite Clara Bow in the 1927 Academy Award winning Wings, the first film honored as Best Picture. In 1968, he appeared as himself in an episode of Petticoat Junction entitled "Wings", a direct reference to the silent movie. For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Rogers has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6135 Hollywood Blvd, dedicated on February 8, 1960. Respected by his peers for his work in film and for his humanitarianism, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences honored Rogers in 1986 with The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. A Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars was dedicated to him in 1993. On June 24, 1937, Rogers became the third husband of silent film actress Mary Pickford, their romance had begun in 1927, when they co-starred in My Best Girl, but they kept it on ice until Pickford's separation and 1936 divorce from Douglas Fairbanks. The couple adopted two children—Roxanne and Ronald Charles —and remained married for 42 years until Pickford's death in 1979.
Rogers died in Rancho Mirage, California, in 1999 at the age of 94 of natural causes, was interred at Forest Lawn Cemetery, Cathedral City, near Palm Springs. As Charles "Buddy" Rogers February 27, 1930 & March 4, 1930 A Bee in Your Boudoir/My Future Just Passed March 4, 1930 Any Time's the Time to Fall in Love/ Sweepin' the Clouds Away As Buddy Rogers and His California Cavaliers April 18, 1932 You Fascinate Me/Hello,Gorgeous May 11, 1932 In My Hideaway/Happy-Go-Lucky You May 18, 1932 I Beg Your Pardon, Mademoiselle/With My Sweetie in the Moonlight Please Handle with Care/Ask Yourself Who Loves You As Buddy Rogers and his Famous Swing Band April 15, 1938 Lovelight in the Starlight#/This Time It's Real# Moonshine over Kentucky /Little Lady Make-Believe# June 29, 1938 Figaro#/Meet the Beat of My Heart# Happy as a Lark /The Sunny Side of Things@ September 17, 1938 You Can't Be Mine $/While A Cigarette Was Burning$ This Is Madness #/Rainbow'Round the Moon "Charles "Buddy" Rogers biography".
Filmreference. 2008. Retrieved January 8, 2009. Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Buddy Rogers, Star of'Wings' And Band Leader, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2012. Charles "Buddy" Rogers at the Internet Broadway Database Charles Rogers on IMDb Photographs and bibliography Buddy Rogers at Find a Grave Mary Pickford-Buddy Rogers correspondence, 1943-1976, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
Irving Berlin was an American composer and lyricist considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history. His music forms a great part of the Great American Songbook. Born in Imperial Russia, Berlin arrived in the United States at the age of five, he published his first song, "Marie from Sunny Italy", in 1907, receiving 33 cents for the publishing rights, had his first major international hit, "Alexander's Ragtime Band" in 1911. He was an owner of the Music Box Theatre on Broadway, it is believed that Berlin could not read sheet music, was such a limited piano player that he could only play in the key of F-sharp unless using his custom piano equipped with a transposing lever."Alexander's Ragtime Band" sparked an international dance craze in places as far away as Berlin's native Russia, which "flung itself into the ragtime beat with an abandon bordering on mania." Over the years he was known for writing music and lyrics in the American vernacular: uncomplicated and direct, with his stated aim being to "reach the heart of the average American," whom he saw as the "real soul of the country."
In doing so, said Walter Cronkite, at Berlin's 100th birthday tribute, he "helped write the story of this country, capturing the best of who we are and the dreams that shape our lives."He wrote hundreds of songs, many becoming major hits, which made him famous before he turned thirty. During his 60-year career he wrote an estimated 1,500 songs, including the scores for 20 original Broadway shows and 15 original Hollywood films, with his songs nominated eight times for Academy Awards. Many songs became popular themes and anthems, including "Alexander's Ragtime Band", "Easter Parade", "Puttin' on the Ritz", "Cheek to Cheek", "White Christmas", "Happy Holiday", "Anything You Can Do", "There's No Business Like Show Business", his Broadway musical and 1943 film This is the Army, with Ronald Reagan, had Kate Smith singing Berlin's "God Bless America", first performed in 1938. Berlin's songs have reached the top of the charts 25 times and have been extensively re-recorded by numerous singers including The Andrews Sisters, Eddie Fisher, Al Jolson, Fred Astaire, Ethel Merman, Louis Armstrong, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Elvis Presley, Judy Garland, Barbra Streisand, Linda Ronstadt, Rosemary Clooney, Diana Ross, Bing Crosby, Sarah Vaughan, Ruth Etting, Fanny Brice, Marilyn Miller, Rudy Vallée, Nat King Cole, Billie Holiday, Doris Day, Jerry Garcia, Willie Nelson, Bob Dylan, Leonard Cohen, Ella Fitzgerald, Michael Buble, Lady Gaga, Christina Aguilera.
Composer Douglas Moore sets Berlin apart from all other contemporary songwriters, includes him instead with Stephen Foster, Walt Whitman, Carl Sandburg, as a "great American minstrel"—someone who has "caught and immortalized in his songs what we say, what we think about, what we believe." Composer George Gershwin called him "the greatest songwriter that has lived", composer Jerome Kern concluded that "Irving Berlin has no place in American music—he is American music." Berlin was born on May 1888, in the Russian Empire. Although Berlin's family came from the shtetel of Tolochin, documents say that he was born in Tyumen, Siberia, he was one of eight children of Lena Lipkin Beilin. His father, a cantor in a synagogue, uprooted the family to America, as did many other Jewish families in the late 19th century. On September 14, 1893, the family arrived in New York City. After their arrival at Ellis Island, the name "Beilin" was changed to "Baline". According to biographer Laurence Bergreen, as an adult Berlin admitted to no memories of his first five years in Russia except for one: "he was lying on a blanket by the side of a road, watching his house burn to the ground.
By daylight the house was in ashes." As an adult, Berlin said he was unaware of being raised in abject poverty since he knew no other life. Berlins were part of hundreds of thousands of other Jewish families that emigrated to the United States in the late 1800s - early 1900s, escaping discrimination and brutal pogroms. Mayer, the Warner brothers; when they reached Ellis Island, Israel Beilin was put in a pen with his brother and five sisters until immigration officials declared them fit to be allowed into the city. After their arrival in New York City, the Baline family lived in a basement flat on Monroe Street, moved to a three-room tenement at 330 Cherry Street, his father, unable to find comparable work as a cantor in New York, took a job at a kosher meat market and gave Hebrew lessons on the side, to support his family. He died a few years when Irving was thirteen years old. Now, with only a few years of schooling, eight-year-old Irving began helping to support his family, he became a newspaper boy.
One day while delivering newspapers, according to Berlin's biographer and friend, Alexander Woollcott, he stopped to look at a ship departing for China and became so entranced that he didn't see a swinging crane, which knocked him into the river. When he was fished out after going down for the third time, he was still holding in his clenched fist the five pennies he earned that day, his mother took a job as a midwife, three of his sisters worked wrapping cigars, common for immigrant girls. His older brother worked in a sweatshop assembling shirts; each evening, when the family came home from their day's work, Bergreen writes, "they would deposit the coins they had earned that day into Lena's outspread apron." Music historian Philip Furia writes
Richard A. Whiting
Richard Armstrong Whiting was an American composer of popular songs, including the standards "Hooray for Hollywood", "Ain't We Got Fun?" and "On the Good Ship Lollipop". He wrote lyrics and film scores most notably for the standard "She's Funny That Way", he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1936 for "When Did You Leave Heaven" from the movie Sing, Baby Sing. Richard Whiting was born in Peoria, into a musical family, his father, Frank Whiting, was gifted violinist. Together they instilled a love of music in their son and worked towards nurturing his natural gift of piano playing, he attended the Harvard Military School in Los Angeles. Upon his graduation, Whiting started a vaudeville act with his college friend Marshall Neilan; the pair toured the U. S. writing songs and playing the piano. Neither one had the stage presence or singing talent to become full-time performers, they broke up the duo and went their separate ways: Neilan to Hollywood, where he would go on to be a successful film director and actor, Whiting to Detroit to try to jump-start a career as a professional songwriter.
In 1913 Whiting began his career as a song plugger for Jerome H. Remick publishing company. Within a year he was the manager of the Detroit office, being paid US$25 per week; as an occasional talent scout, Whiting nurtured the careers of several songwriters from the day, most notably George Gershwin. This act of kindness resulted in a lifelong friendship between the two powerhouse composers. To supplement his income at the time, Whiting worked with a local hotel's Hawaiian band, playing piano in light blackface, earning him an extra $10 a week. In 1914 Whiting had his first two hit songs: "I Wonder Where My Lovin' Man Has Gone" and "It's Tulip Time in Holland." The latter song became a massive hit. Whiting received none of the royalties, having sold off the publishing rights to Remick in exchange for a Steinway Grand. During his time at Remick Whiting had a substantial output with former bank-clerk Ray Egan, including the beloved 1918 classic, "Till We Meet Again"; the song became the largest sheet music seller of all time today: at last count the song was said to have sold over 11 million copies.
Other hit songs written by Whiting during his time at Remick include "Where the Black-Eyed Susans Grow", "The Japanese Sandman", "Bimini Bay", "Ain't We Got Fun?" and "Ukulele Lady". In 1929 Whiting moved to Hollywood, where there were more opportunities for songwriters during the Depression. In Hollywood he wrote a number of classic songs. With Johnny Mercer he wrote the theme song of Tinseltown, "Hooray for Hollywood", shortly before his death. During his career, Whiting collaborated with such songwriting giants as BG DeSylva, Johnny Mercer, Neil Moret, Leo Robin, Ralph Rainger, Gus Kahn, Oscar Hammerstein II, Haven Gillespie, Seymour Simons, Nacio Herb Brown, Harry Akst, Walter Donaldson, Ray Egan, Sidney Clare, to produce a number of hits, he wrote a number of scores for Broadway plays. In the film, Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round, a song performed by The Boswell Sisters, titled "Rock and Roll", written by Richard A. Whiting and Sidney Clare, is sometimes credited as the first use of that term.
Whiting died from a heart attack in 1938 at the height of his career. He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame as part of the inaugural class in 1970. A tribute to Whiting's music, along with a medley of his best-known songs, formed part of the 1980 Broadway musical A Day in Hollywood / A Night in the Ukraine, his Steinway grand piano was donated to the Great American Songbook Foundation by his granddaughter Debbi and can be seen on display. Whiting was married to the former Eleanor Youngblood, a manager whose clients included Sophie Tucker, he was the father of singer/actress Margaret Whiting and actress Barbara Whiting Smith, the grandson of Rep. Richard H. Whiting. Toot Sweet George White's Scandals of 1919 Take a Chance which featured two major hits with music by Whiting "You're an Old Smoothie," and "Eadie Was a Lady" 1916 "Coaling Up in Colon Town". L: Raymond Egan 1917 "Bravest Heart of All". L: Raymond Egan 1917 "I Wonder Where My Buddies Are To-Night". L: Raymond Egan and Billy Rose 1918 "Dress Up Your Dollars in Khaki".
L: Lister R. Alwood 1918 "I'll Love You More for Losing You a While". L: Raymond Egan 1919 "Eyes of the Army". L: Raymond Egan 1919 "Hand in Hand Again". L: Raymond Egan Original Music by Richard A. Whiting, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II Act 1 consists of "I Love Him, the Rat" sung by Anita Allen and Joe Butler "Free For All" sung by Michael Byrne and The Gang "The Girl Next Door" sung by Anita Allen and Steve Potter, Jr. "Living in Sin" sung by Gracie Maynard, Joan Summer, Joe Butler and Andy Bradford "Just Eighteen" sung by Joan Summer and Andy Bradford "Not That I Care" sung by Anita Allen and Steve Potter, Jr. "Slumber Song" Sung by Marishka Tarasov and Michael Byrne Act 2 consists of "When Your Boy Becomes a Man" sung by Silver Dollar Kate and Anita Allen "Tonight" sung by Marishka Tarasov and Anita Allen "Nevada Moonlight" sung by Joe Butler, Gracie Maynard and EnsembleRichar