BarCamp is an international network of user-generated conferences focused around technology and the web. They are open, participatory workshop-events, the content of, provided by participants; the first BarCamps focused on early-stage web applications, were related to open source technologies, social software, open data formats. The format has been used for a variety of other topics, including public transit, health care and political organizing; the BarCamp format has been adapted for specific industries like banking, real estate and social media. The name BarCamp is a playful allusion to the event's origins, with reference to the programmer slang term, foobar: BarCamp arose as an open-to-the-public alternative to Foo Camp, an annual invitation-only participant-driven conference hosted by Tim O'Reilly; the first BarCamp was held in Palo Alto, from August 19–21, 2005, in the offices of Socialtext. It was organized from concept to event, with 200 attendees. Since BarCamps have been held in over 350 cities around the world, in North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East and Asia.
Attendees have travelled internationally to attend BarCamps. To mark the first anniversary of BarCamp, BarCampEarth was held in multiple locations worldwide on August 25–27, 2006; the second anniversary of BarCamp, BarCampBlock, was held in Palo Alto at the original location, but over a three block radius on August 18–19, 2007, was attended by over 800 people. The largest recorded BarCamp took place in January 2013 with over 6400 confirmed registered attendees in Yangon, Myanmar; the January 2010 BarCamp Yangon attracted over 4700 attendees. BarCamp makes their organizational process available, codifying it in a publicly available wiki. In addition to the BarCamp-branded network, it is a model for user-generated conferences in other fields and for more specialized applications such as EdCamp, IndieWebCamp, WordCamp, crisis camps, SkeptiCamp. Unlike traditional conference formats, both BarCamps and FooCamps have a self-organizing character, relying on the passion and the responsibility of the participants.
Attendees schedule sessions by writing on a whiteboard or putting a Post-It note on a'grid' of sessions. Those giving sessions are discouraged from using the sessions for promotion. BarCamps are organized through the web. Although the format is loosely structured, there are rules at BarCamp. All attendees are encouraged to present or facilitate a session or otherwise contribute to the event. Everyone is asked to share information and experiences of the event via public web channels, including blogs, photo sharing, social bookmarking, wikis, IRC; this encouragement to share is a deliberate change from the "off-the-record by default" and "no recordings" rules at many invite-only participant driven conferences. It turns a physical, face-to-face event into a'hybrid event' which enables remote online engagement with BarCamp participants. Venues provide basic services. Free network access WiFi, is crucial. Following the model of Foo Camp, the venue makes space for the attendees, or BarCampers, to camp out overnight.
Thus, BarCamps rely on securing sponsorship, ranging from the venue and network access to beverages and food. Attendance is free of charge and restricted only by space constraints. Participants are encouraged to sign up in advance. Bar Camp was based on the structure of Foo Camp, but with the requirement that participation should be open to all. (Foo Camp, an early unconference, was organized by Tim O'Reilly and Sara Winge. This form of self-organized user generated conferences is related to hackers' meetings in Europe those nearer to anarchism and autonomism, happening since the'90s in Temporary Autonomous Zones or other occupied places. However, BarCamps lack the political motivations and are quite integrated with the mainstream ICT industry getting substantial sponsorships from major corporations. Café Philosophique CloudCamp Hackathon Knowledge Cafe StixCamp SuperHappyDevHouse Sweden Social Web Camp TeachMeet Tribe DataMeet BarCamp.org. Retrieved June 30, 2006. Hart, Kim. "Twittering Types Share Ideas Offline".
Washington Post. Singel, Ryan. Barring None, Geek Camp Rocks. Wired News. August 23, 2005. Retrieved June 30, 2006. Craig, Kathleen. Why "unconferences" are fun conferences. Business 2.0 Magazine. June 6, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2006. Murali, J. New conferencing tool: An attempt to conduct on-line meetings in a participatory environment; the Hindu. April 17, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2006. Jagadeesh, Namith. With focus on human interaction, "unconferences" come of age. "LiveMint". May 26, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2008. Tarun Chandel. Bridging the gap between students and industry. "LiveMint". Mar 8, 2008. Retrieved Mar 8, 2008. Çelik, Tantek. Remembering the idea of BarCamp, Tantek's Thoughts. July 10, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2006. Messina, Chris. Bar camp buzz builds. FactoryCity. August 18, 2005. Retrieved June 30, 2006. Solaris, Julius A collection of resources to run a BarCamp. Event Manager Blog. January 31, 2008, Retrieved February 28, 2008
Bill Holman (cartoonist)
Bill Holman was an American cartoonist who drew the classic comic strip Smokey Stover from 1935 until he retired in 1973. Distributed through the Chicago Tribune syndicate, it had the longest run of any strip in the screwball genre. Holman signed some strips with the pseudonym Scat H, he once described himself as "always inclined to humor and acting silly."Born in Crawfordsville, Holman lived as a child in Nappanee, Indiana, a town where six successful cartoonists lived when they were children. Holman's father died, he began drawing. While working part-time at Nappanee's local five and dime store, he developed an interest in art as a career and sent away for the Landon School of Illustration and Cartooning correspondence course. Dropping out of high school, he was 15. There he took night courses at the Academy of Fine Arts and learned more about cartooning from Carl Ed. In 1920, he held a job as a copy boy at the Chicago Tribune for six dollars a week; the position gave him the opportunity to hang out with the top Tribune cartoonists, including Sidney Smith, Harold Gray and E. C.
Segar. In Cleveland, he began working for the Newspaper Enterprise Association, which syndicated his short-lived animal strip, Billville Birds. After three years with NEA and Scripps-Howard, he headed for New York, where he was a Herald Tribune staff artist and drew the child strip G. Whizz Jr. for the New York Herald Tribune Syndicate. He scored a success when he headed in a new direction, submitting his cartoons to a variety of different magazines, including Liberty, Collier's and Life. Holman thought firemen were funny, "running around in a red wagon with sirens and bells," and he began doing Smokey Stover as a Sunday strip for the Chicago Tribune Syndicate on March 10, 1935. One month to accompany Smokey Stover, he launched a topper strip, Spooky. With a perpetually bandaged tail, the firehouse cat Spooky lived with its owner, Fenwick Flooky, who did embroidery while sitting barefoot in a rocking chair; the daily Smokey Stover was not launched until November 14, 1938. Holman loved word play, all of his features percolated with puns.
In his file cabinet, Holman kept thousands of puns. Readers of Smokey Stover sent him puns, sometimes with accompanying illustrations, he inserted bizarre words and phrases, such as "Foo," "Notary Sojac," "Scramgravy Ain't Wavy" and "1506 Nix Nix". Some of these became national catchphrases. "1506 Nix Nix" was an inside joke on Holman's friend, cartoonist Al Posen, as Holman once explained, "The late Al Posen, who did the Sweeney and Son comic strip, was a bachelor living in a hotel room, number 1506. I began using the phrase, a private joke between the two of us, as a warning to girls to stay away from Al's room." Holman's gag panel and Jolts, was syndicated by the Chicago Tribune - New York News Syndicate from the 1930s to 1970. When Gaar Williams, who drew a gag panel under a variety of titles, died in 1935, Holman stepped in as a replacement. In July 1935, Holman picked up where Williams had left off, but the Nuts and Jolts title did not appear on the series until July 3, 1939; that same month, he began a Thursday panel, about a dog.
Journalist Al Meyers described Holman in a 1938 feature story: By 1939, when Holman was earning $1500 a month, he gave a humorous summary of his life to Editor & Publisher: For the USO, Holman made many trips abroad to entertain troops in the South Pacific, Europe and Korea, in addition to his chalk talks at veteran’s hospitals. A promoter of U. S. Savings Bonds, Holman donated his time to draw booklets for local fire-safety campaigns, he was involved in numerous children’s charities. Holman was one of the co-founders of the National Cartoonists Society, he was the organization's president in 1961-62, he continued his close association with the Society after his 1973 retirement. After retiring from Smokey Stover, Holman could not stop the flow of puns and verbal/visual ideas, he produced stack of sketches for a possible syndicated panel he titled Wall Nuts; this had no connection with Gene Ahern's The Nut Bros: Ches and Wal, but it could be a nod to Ahern's strip which mined a vein of surreal silliness somewhat similar to Smokey Stover.
At age 84, Holman died February 1987 in New York, survived by his wife Dolores. In Nappanee, Holman is cited on the Indiana Historical Bureau's Historical Marker, which reads: Merrill Blosser was first Nappanee artist to gain national recognition as a professional cartoonist. Freckles and His Friends, his most popular cartoon, ran from 1915 to 1973, syndicated by Newspaper Enterprise Association. In 1965, National Cartoonists Society honored Blosser on fiftieth year of Freckles and its "wholesome entertainment. Five other Nappanee artists became nationally recognized cartoonists. Henry Maust and Francis "Mike" Parks drew newspaper editorial cartoons. Town and careers connected these artists. According to Holman, more than 100,000 copies of Whitman's ten-cent Smokey Stover books were sold by 1939. Smokey Stover: Fire Fighter of Foo. Better Little Book, Whitman Publishing, 1937. Smokey Stover and the Fire Chief of Foo. Better Little Book, Whitman Publishing Co. 1938. Smokey Stover: The Foo Fighter. Better Little Book, Whitman Publishing, 1938.
Smokey Stover: The False Alarm Fireman. Better Little Book, Whitman Publishing, 1939. Smokey Stover, The Foolish Foo Fighter. Better Little Book, Whitman Publishing, 1945. Bill Holman's Smokey Stover, Book 1. Introduction by Harvey Kurtzman. Blackthorne, 1985. Foo fighter Strickler, Dave. Syndic
Chinatown, San Francisco
The Chinatown centered on Grant Avenue and Stockton Street in San Francisco, California, is the oldest Chinatown in North America and one of the largest Chinese enclave outside Asia. It is the largest of the four notable Chinatowns within the City. Since its establishment in 1848, it has been important and influential in the history and culture of ethnic Chinese immigrants in North America. Chinatown is an enclave that continues to retain its own customs, places of worship, social clubs, identity. There are two hospitals, several parks and squares, numerous churches, a post office, other infrastructure. While recent immigrants and the elderly choose to live here because of the availability of affordable housing and their familiarity with the culture, the place is a major tourist attraction, drawing more visitors annually than the Golden Gate Bridge. Chinatown is located in downtown San Francisco, covers 24 square blocks, overlaps five postal ZIP codes, it is within an area of 1⁄2 mi long by 1⁄4 mi wide with the current boundaries being Kearny Street in the east, Broadway in the north, Powell in the west, Bush Street in the south.
Within Chinatown there are two major north-south thoroughfares. One is Grant Avenue, with the Dragon Gate at the intersection of Bush Street and Grant Avenue, designed by landscape architects Melvin Lee and Joseph Yee and architect Clayton Lee; the other, Stockton Street, is frequented less by tourists, it presents an authentic Chinese look and feel reminiscent of Hong Kong, with its produce and fish markets and restaurants. It is dominated by mixed-use buildings that are three to four stories high, with shops on the ground floor and residential apartments upstairs. A major focal point in Chinatown is Portsmouth Square. Since it is one of the few open spaces in Chinatown and sits above a large underground parking lot, Portsmouth Square bustles with activity such as T'ai Chi and old men playing Chinese chess. A replica of the Goddess of Democracy used in the Tiananmen Square protest was built in 1999 by Thomas Marsh and stands in the square, it is made of bronze and weighs 600 lb. According to the San Francisco Planning Department, Chinatown is "the most densely populated urban area west of Manhattan", with 34,557 residents living in 20 square blocks.
In the 1970s, the population density in Chinatown was seven times the San Francisco average. During the time from 2009 to 2013, the median household income was $20,000 - compared to $76,000 citywide - with 29% of residents below the national poverty threshold; the median age was the oldest of any neighborhood. As of 2015, two thirds of the residents lived in one of Chinatown's 105 single room occupancy hotels, 96 of which had private owners and nine were owned by nonprofits. There are two public housing projects in Ping Yuen and North Ping Yuen. Most residents are monolingual speakers of Cantonese; the areas of Stockton and Washington Streets and Jackson and Kearny Streets in Chinatown are entirely Chinese or Asian, with blocks ranging from 93% to 100% Asian. Many of those Chinese immigrants who gain some wealth while living in Chinatown leave it for the Richmond District, the Sunset District or the suburbs. Working-class Hong Kong Chinese immigrants began arriving in large numbers in the 1960s.
Despite their status and professional qualifications in Hong Kong, many took low-paying employment in restaurants and garment factories in Chinatown because of limited English. An increase in Cantonese-speaking immigrants from Hong Kong and Mainland China has led to the replacement in Chinatown of the Taishanese dialect by the standard Cantonese dialect. Due to such overcrowding and poverty, other Chinese areas have been established within the city of San Francisco proper, including one in its Richmond and three more in its Sunset districts, as well as a established one in the Visitacion Valley neighborhood; these outer neighborhoods have been settled by Chinese from Southeast Asia. There are many suburban Chinese communities in the San Francisco Bay Area in Silicon Valley, such as Cupertino and Milpitas, where Taiwanese Americans are dominant. Despite these developments, many continue to commute in from these outer neighborhoods and cities to shop in Chinatown, causing gridlock on roads and delays in public transit on weekends.
To address this problem, the local public transit agency, Muni, is planning to extend the city's subway network to the neighborhood via the new Central Subway. Unlike in most Chinatowns in the United States, ethnic Chinese refugees from Vietnam have not established businesses in San Francisco's Chinatown district, due to high property values and rents. Instead, many Chinese-Vietnamese – as opposed to ethnic Vietnamese who tended to congregate in larger numbers in San Jose – have established a separate Vietnamese enclave on Larkin Street in the working-class Tenderloin district of San Francisco, where it is now known as the city's "Little Saigon" and not as a "Chinatown" per se. San Francisco's Chinatown was the port of entry for early Chinese immigrants from the west side of the Pearl River Delta, speaking Hoisanese and Zhongshanese, in the Guangdong province of southern China from t
Om mani padme hum
Auṃ maṇi padme hūṃ is the six-syllabled Sanskrit mantra associated with the four-armed Shadakshari form of Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. It first appears in the Mahayana Kāraṇḍavyūhasūtra where it is referred to as the sadaksara and the paramahrdaya, or “innermost heart” of Avalokiteshvara. In this text the mantra is seen as condensed form of all the Buddhist teachings; the first word Aum/Om is a sacred syllable found in Indian religions. The word Mani means "jewel" or "bead", Padme is the "lotus flower", Hum represents the spirit of enlightenment. In Tibetan Buddhism, this is the most ubiquitous mantra and the most popular form of religious practice, performed by laypersons and monastics alike, it is an present feature of the landscape carved onto rocks, known as mani stones, painted into the sides of hills or else it is written on prayer flags and prayer wheels. Due to the increased interactions between Chinese Buddhists and Tibetans and Mongolians during the 11th century, the mantra entered Chinese Buddhism.
The mantra has been adapted into Chinese Taoism. In English, the mantra is variously transliterated, depending on the schools of Buddhism as well as individual teachers. Most authorities consider maṇipadme to be one compound word rather than two simple words. Sanskrit writing does not have capital letters and this means that capitalisation of transliterated mantras varies from all caps, to initial caps, to no caps; the all-caps rendering is typical of older scholarly works, Tibetan Sadhana texts. IAST: Oṃ Maṇi Padme Hūṃ Tibetan: ཨོཾ་མ་ཎི་པ་དྨེ་ཧཱུྃ Mongolian: Classical Mongolian: ᠣᠧᠮ ᠮᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠪᠠᠳ ᠮᠡᠢ ᠬᠤᠩ Khalkha: Ум мани бадмэ хум Buryat: Ом маани бадмэ хум Chinese: 唵嘛呢叭咪吽 or 唵嘛呢叭吽 or 唵嘛呢叭吽 or 唵麼抳缽訥銘吽 Sanskrit: ॐ मणिपद्मे हूँ Korean: 옴 마니 반메 훔 or 옴 마니 파드메 훔 Japanese: オーム・マニ・パドメー・フーム or オムマニペメフム Bengali: ওঁ মণিপদ্মে হুঁ Malayalam: ഓം മണി പദ്മേ ഹും Burmese language: ဥုံမဏိပဒ္မေဟုံ Nepali language: ॐ मणि पद्मे हुँ Vietnamese: Án ma ni bát mê hồng Thai: โอมฺ มณิ ปทฺเม หูมฺ'Phags pa: ʼom ma ni pad me hung ꡝꡡꡏ ꡏ ꡋꡞ ꡌꡊ ꡏꡠ ꡜꡟꡃ Sinhalese: ඕම් මනි පද්මේ හූම් Tagalog: ᜂᜋ᜔ᜋᜈᜒᜉᜇ᜔ᜋᜒᜑᜓᜋ᜔ Um mani pad mi hum Telugu: ఓం మణి పద్మే హుం Tangut: ·a mja nji pja mjij xo Old Uyghur: oom mani badmi xung Jurchen: am ma ni ba mi xu Tamil: ஓம் மணி பத்மே ஹூம் kannada ಓಂ ಮಣಿ ಪದ್ಮೇ ಹುಂ Mantras may be interpreted by practitioners in many ways, or as mere sequences of sound whose effects lie beyond strict semantic meaning.
The middle part of the mantra, maṇipadme, is interpreted as being in the locative case, "jewel in the lotus," Sanskrit maṇí "jewel, cintamani" and the locative of padma "lotus". The Lotus is a symbol present throughout signifying purity and spiritual fruition. Maṇipadme is preceded by the oṃ syllable and followed by the hūṃ syllable, both interjections without linguistic meaning, but known as divine sounds. However, according to Donald Lopez it is much more that maṇipadme is in fact a vocative, addressing a bodhisattva called maṇipadma, "Jewel-Lotus"- an alternate epithet of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. Damien Keown notes that another theory about the meaning of this mantra is that it invokes a female deity named Manipadmi; this is due to evidence from texts like the Kāraṇḍavyūhasūtra which depict the mantra as a female deity. As noted by Studholme, if the word is read as a vocative, it would be a irregular form of the masculine grammatical gender and therefore its most in the feminine, thus as Lopez notes, the original meaning of the mantra could in fact be an invocation of "she of the lotus jewel", the vidya and consort of Avalokiteshvara and is equivalent to Shakti's role vis a vis Shiva.
Regarding the relationship between the jewel and the lotus, Sten Konow argued that it could either refer to "a lotus, a jewel" or to "a jewel in the lotus". He argues that the second explanation makes more sense, indicating Shaivite influence through the imagery of the lingam and the yoni, both terms associated with mani and padma respectively, thus the mantra could in fact mean "O, she with the jewel in her lotus". According to Alexander Studholme however, the meaning of manipadme "should be parsed as a tatpurusa, or “determinative,” compound in the locative case", meaning “in the jewel-lotus,” or “in the lotus made of jewels,” which refers to:the manner in which buddhas and bodhisattvas are said to be seated in these marvelous blooms and, in particular, to the manner in which more mundane beings are believed to appear in the pure land of the buddhas. Given the predominance, in the Kāraṇḍavyūha and in the Mahayana in general, of the religious goal of the pure land of Amitabha, it may be safely assumed that maṇipadme would have been quite associated with the mode of the rebirth of human beings there.
The recitation of Oṃ Maṇi Padme Hūṃ the bringing to mind of the name of the Buddhist isvara, includes a declaration of the manner in which a person is reborn in Sukhavati: “in the jewel lotus.” The first known description of the mantra appears in the Kāraṇḍavyūhasūtra, part of certain Mahayana canons such as the Tibetan
Smokey Stover is an American comic strip written and drawn by cartoonist Bill Holman, from 1935 until he retired in 1973. Distributed through the Chicago Tribune, it features the wacky misadventures of the titular fireman, had the longest run of any comic strip in the "screwball comics" genre. Born in Crawfordsville, Bill Holman moved to Chicago, where he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts while working as an office boy in the Chicago Tribune art department. Relocating to New York City, where he worked as a New York Herald Tribune staff artist, Holman submitted freelance cartoons to magazines, He began Smokey Stover as a Sunday strip for the Chicago Tribune Syndicate on March 10, 1935; the daily strip began three years on November 14, 1938. The title Smokey Stover derived from Holman's observation of an old smoking stove. Although no clear connection has been asserted, Holman's title and character name could have been a nod toward the ubiquitous stationary engine manufactured by the Stover manufacturing and engine company of Freeport, Illinois.
Between 1895 and 1942, it made over 270,000 engines for use on America's farms. Such stationary engines were imprecise machines which produced substantial exhaust smoke when fueled with kerosene, a common fuel used before catalytic cracking of petroleum became more common in the 1930s; the goofy situations in Holman's comic strip feature Smokey Stover, the "foolish foo fighter" riding in his two-wheeled “Foomobile”. Nutt. Smokey has an array of nutty relatives who are featured with names like "Uncle Potbelly Stover", "Rusty Stover" and "Cousin Cole Stover". Smokey wears bright red rubber boots and a clownish striped "helmet", which he sometimes ties to his nose with string, in lieu of a chinstrap, his trademark helmet features a prominent hole in its hinged brim, which he uses as an ashtray for his lit cigar. Although most of the sequences in the strip center on Smokey's escapades with the Chief, the loose "plots" and situations are a framework to display an endless parade of off-the-wall verbal and visual humor.
The chaotic panels of Smokey Stover include wild sight gags, mirthful mishaps, absurd vehicles and bizarre household items—including oddly shaped furniture, vases, cigarette holders and telephones. Crazy framed pictures which change from panel to panel—or break the fourth wall, with subjects jumping out of the frames—add to the overall weirdness. A madcap, "anything for a laugh" atmosphere pervades the strip, which abounds in nonsensical dialogue, non-sequiturs and pervasive nonstop puns. Smokey's ears "pop" off his head at the outrageousness of the incessant punning; the puns and "silly pictures on the wall with various items hanging clear out of the frames" was the feature that provoked the most reader mail, according to contemporary articles and interviews with Holman. The cartoonist visited the syndicate office to pick up the puns which readers suggested for the walls, he called these items "wallnuts". What did Holman think of all the puns? "They're so stupid," he sighs. "I can't help it. Come to think of it, I love'em, too!"Holman's continuing inventiveness managed to keep Smokey Stover going for nearly 40 years, continuing unabated for decades after the heyday of screwball comic strips had ended.
Holman reached moments of surreality that did for comics what Tex Avery's wild cartoons did in animation. A typical gag: Smokey Stover: "The wood in this roof is awfully old—this one-inch bit is drilling one-foot holes!" Chief Nutt: "Just use a half-inch bit—that way it'll only make six-inch holes!" Odd bits of philosophy and a running gag involving ubiquitous signs with strange, incongruous nonsense words and phrases—such as "foo", "notary sojac", "scram gravy ain't wavey" and "1506 nix nix"—were featured in Smokey Stover. They appeared arbitrarily and in no particular place for no particular reason, some became catchphrases. Holman defined "notary sojac" as Gaelic for "Merry Christmas", "1506 nix nix" was a private joke that included the hotel room number of Holman's friend, cartoonist Al Posen. However, his most frequent nonsense word by far was "foo". Holman peppered his work with foo puns; the term spread in popular culture during the 1930s and found usage in 1938–39 Warner Brothers cartoons, most notably by director Bob Clampett, including Porky in Wackyland.
Harvey Kurtzman claimed that the comic influenced him to use nonsense words and fill the corner panels of MAD Magazine with "nonsensical details". Smokey "often called himself a foo fighter when anyone else would have said firefighter", according to comics historian Don Markstein. "The word foo turned up on signs, lists and the lips of various characters at random but frequent intervals." Foo may have been inspired by the French word for fire, but Holman never gave a straight answer as to the origin. Holman states that he used the word due to having seen it on bottom of a jade Chinese figurine in Chinatown, San Francisco, meaning "good luck"; this is as a transliteration of the fu ch
Computer security conference
A computer security conference is a convention for individuals involved in computer security. They serve as meeting places for system and network administrators and computer security experts. Common activities at hacker conventions may include: Presentations from keynote panels. Common topics include social engineering, penetration testing, hacking tools. Hands-on activities and competitions such as capture the flag. "Boot camps" offering training and certification in Information Technology. General security conferences might be held by non-profit/not-for-profit/for-profit professional associations, individuals or informal group of individuals, or by security product vendor companies. 44Con An Infosec conference and training event that occurs annually in London, UK. ACM-CCS, security conference held since 1993. ACSAC, Annual Computer Security Applications Conference - oldest information security conference held annually. ASIA or the Annual Symposium on Information Assurance that serves as the academic track for the New York State Cyber Security Conference, an annual information security conference held in Albany, NY for two days during June targeted at academic and industry participants.
Black Hat, a series of conferences held annually in different cities around the world. Black Hat USA, held in Las Vegas before DEF CON, is one of the largest computer security events in the world. BlueHat Conference, a twice a year, invitation-only Microsoft security conference aimed at bringing Microsoft security professionals and external security researchers together. Brucon, yearly conference held in Brussels, since 2012 it is held in Ghent. Lasting 2 days, preceded by a training. CanSecWest, in Vancouver hosts the Pwn2Own hacking contest. CSS - International Conference on Cryptography and Security System in Poland. DeepSec, in Vienna covers many security aspects of computing and electronic communications as well as security management and social aspects. DeepSec is visited by a broad international audience, researchers, finance, public administration etc.. Presentations are published on YouTube. Department of Defense Cyber Crime Conference, an annual conference that focuses on the computer security needs of the United States federal government and defense contractors.
FSec - Croatian annual security conference held at the Faculty of organization and informatics in Varaždin. GreHack.fr an annual conference held in Grenoble. Speakers from academia, industry. Both offensive and defensive security. Hack.lu, an annual conference held in Luxembourg Hacker Halted, Presented by EC-Council, the objective of the global series of Hacker Halted conferences is to raise international awareness towards increased education and ethics in IT Security. HackinParis, Is an annual event organized by SYSDREAM; the program includes IT security, industrial espionage, penetration testing, physical security, social engineering, malware analysis techniques and countermeasures. Hackito Ergo Sum, Security conference pertaining to research topics, with attendees and speakers from both the industry, the offensive side and the academic circles, held in Paris every April. HITBSecConf / Hack In The Box, deep-knowledge security conference held in Malaysia and the Netherlands. ICISSP International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy, IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, top-tier privacy & security conference.
INFWARCON Beyond Information Warfare - Offensive Cyber Weapons and Technologies Training Congress. IP EXPO Europe, held annually at London's ExCeL Centre IP EXPO Nordic, held annually at Stockholm's Waterfront Congress Centre LeetCon, IT-Security-Convention in Hannover October or November every Year. Talks about IT-Security, IoT, Industry 4.0 and more. NDSS, annual security conference from Internet Society. NSPW, a workshop with new ideas in security. Nullcon Security Conference is an annual security event held in India. Open Web Application Security Project, Focuses on web application security. REcon REcon is a computer security conference with a focus on reverse engineering and advanced exploitation techniques. RSA Security Conference and information security-related conference held annually in the San Francisco Bay Area. RuhrSec, annual non-profit security conference at the Ruhr University Bochum. S4:SCADA Security Scientific Symposium, Security conference pertaining to SCADA held annually by Digital Bond in Miami.
SecurIT 2012, International Conference on Security of Internet of Things held in mid of August at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham. SecureWorld Expo, a series of IT Security conferences offering education, CPE training opportunities, networking of security leaders, senior executives, policy makers who shape the face of security. SIN ACM, or the International Conference on Security of Information and Networks. SOURCE Conference, SOURCE is a computer security conference in Boston and Seattle that offers education in both the business and technical aspects of the security industry. SSTIC, Annual French Security Symposium held in Rennes. Swiss Cyber Storm, International IT Security Conference held in October at KKL Lucerne. TROOPERS IT Security Conference, Annual international IT Security event with workshops held in Heidelberg, Germany. USENIX Security, annual security conference associated with USENIX. Virus Bulletin conference, annual security conference held late September or early October since 1989.
0SecCon Zero Security Conference held in Kerala. Positive
Expurgation known as bowdlerization, is a form of censorship which involves purging anything deemed noxious or offensive from an artistic work, or other type of writing of media. The term bowdlerization is a pejorative term for the practice the expurgation of lewd material from books; the term derives from Thomas Bowdler's 1818 edition of William Shakespeare's plays, which he reworked in order to make them more suitable for women and children. He edited Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. A fig-leaf edition is such a bowdlerized text, deriving from the practice of covering the genitals of nudes in classical and Renaissance statues and paintings with fig leaves. In 1264, Pope Clement IV ordered the Jews of Aragon to submit their books to Dominican censors for expurgation. "The Crabfish", an English folk song dating back to the mid-1800s about a man who places a crab into a chamber pot, unbeknownst to his wife, who uses the pot without looking, is attacked by the crab. Over the years, sanitized versions of the song were released in which a lobster or crab grabs the wife by the nose instead of by the genitals or that imply the location of the wounds by censoring the rhyming word in the second couplet.
For instance, "Children, bring the looking glass / Come and see the crayfish that bit your mother's a-face". The 1925 Harvard Press edition of Montaigne's essays was published without the essays pertaining to sex. A Boston-area ban on Upton Sinclair's novel Oil! – owing to a short motel sex scene – prompted the author to assemble a 150-copy fig-leaf edition with the nine offending pages blacked out as a publicity stunt. In 1938 a jazz song "Flat Foot Floogie" peaked at number two on US charts; the original lyrics were sung with the word "floozie", meaning a sexually promiscuous woman, or a prostitute, but record company Vocalion objected. Hence the word was substituted with the similar sounding title word "floogie" in the second recording; the "floy floy" in the title was a slang term for a veneral disease, but, not known back then. In the lyrics it is sung "floy-doy", thought as a nonsense refrain. Since the lyrics were regarded as nonsense the song failed to catch the attention of censors. Recent editions of many works—including Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn and Joseph Conrad's Nigger of the Narcissus—have found various replacements for the word nigger.
An example of Bowdlerization can be plainly seen in Huck Finn, in which Twain used racial slurs in natural speech to highlight what he saw as racism and prejudice endemic to the Antebellum South. Agatha Christie’s Ten Little Niggers was dramatised by the BBC under the name And Then There Were None, it was subsequently re-released under this title in the United States, the short poem, intrinsic to the plot was changed from Ten Little Niggers to Ten Little Indians. The counting rhyme ‘Eeny, miny, moe’, whilst containing the word ‘nigger’, is now taught with a replacement word, such as ‘tiger' Many Internet message boards and forums use automatic wordfiltering to block offensive words and phrases from being published or automatically amend them to more innocuous substitutes such as asterisks or nonsense; this catches innocent words also: see Scunthorpe problem. Users self-bowdlerize their own writing by using slight misspellings or variants, such as'fcuk' or'pron'. Chinese internet filters – the Great Firewall – work to block politically-sensitive terms and characters from being published on most public sites or loaded by domestic ISPs.
The video game South Park: The Fractured But Whole was going to have the name The Butthole of Time. However, marketers would not promote anything with a vulgarity in its title, so "butthole" was replaced with the homophone "but whole" Ad usum Delphini Comstockery, after Anthony Comstock Censorship Minced oath Tobacco bowdlerization