Predoslje is a village in the Municipality of Kranj in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia. The territory of the village includes Brdo Castle. Predoslje was attested in written sources in 1304 as Prerazel; the name may originate from the form *Prěrosľane'people living by a natural bridge or passage', referring to a natural geographical feature, or from the hypocorism *Prědoslъ, referring to an early inhabitant of the place. The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Sixtus, it dates from 1882 and its architecture includes Baroque and pseudo-Romantic features. The altar painting is by Ivan Franke, the painting of the Virgin Mary is by Janez Wolf, the wall paintings are by Matija Bradaška. Notable people that were born or lived in Predoslje include: Cene Malovrh and hiking specialist Matevž Ravnikar and collector of ethnographic material Media related to Predoslje at Wikimedia Commons Predoslje at Geopedia.si
The Stadion Ljudski vrt is an association football stadium located on the left bank of the river Drava in the district of Koroška Vrata, Slovenia, with a seating capacity of 12,702. The ground has been the home of NK Maribor for every season since their formation on 12 December 1960, with the exception of two short periods in early 1961 during the construction of the new stands and early 2008, when the stadium underwent a major reconstruction. Opened in 1952, it was the home of Branik Maribor, an association football club, which folded and was disbanded in 1960; the ground has hosted 23 Slovenia internationals at senior level, the first in 1994 and the most recent in 2015. Ljudski vrt has hosted more Slovenian Football Cup finals than any other stadium, having hosted six matches in total. In addition, the stadium was one of the four venues, which hosted the 2012 UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship; the area where the Ljudski vrt is situated was used for burial purposes for centuries before it was first used for football in the early 1920s.
Over the course of its history the stadium has gone through various stages of renovation and development, resulting in the current configuration. The record attendance at the stadium is 20,000, set in a match between Maribor and Proleter Zrenjanin in 1973; this record was set before the ground's conversion to an all-seater stadium in 1998. Notable feature of the stadium includes the main stand 129,8 meters long and 18,4 meters high concrete arch, protected by the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia as an architectural and historical landmark. Future plans for the Ljudski vrt include the construction of a nearby underground parking garage that would solve the current parking problems and the redevelopment of the outdated main stand, built in 1962 and has not received a major renovation since then; the stadium is a landmark of the city of Maribor and is considered as one of the most beautiful smaller stadium in the world. The area now known as Ljudski vrt was located outside of Maribor's city walls and served as a cemetery for centuries.
Around the year 1358 a small parish church with a cemetery was built and remained there until 1522 when it was abandoned, with Turkish incursions being the most reason. By 1571 the church was in ruins; the site served as a cemetery again between 1783 and 1914 when it was closed by a decision of the Maribor city council. Some of the tombs were allowed to be in use until 1937. In 1873 a tree park was planted on the area. Around the start of the 20th century, Ljudski vrt was starting to become the recreational centre of the city and records from 1901 show that tennis was being played there during that time. During World War I, the whole area served as a shooting range for the Austro-Hungarian Army. Like in other Slovenian towns after World War I football boomed in Maribor with the establishment of new clubs, most notably I. SSK Maribor, founded in 1919 by Slovenian youth. Together with athletics and tennis, football was one of the main sports departments of the club and in 1920 they received their first football field at the Ljudski vrt area, erected with the help of local volunteers and prison convicts.
After the World War II invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941, Maribor came under the occupation of Nazi Germany and the Nazi regime disbanded all Slovene cultural and sports societies. I. SSK Maribor was affected with dozens of arrests and deportations of their members; the club ceased all operations and many of their members joined in the fight for their fatherland and a total of 51 perished while fighting the Germans. Those victims were commemorated with the erection of a statue located on the northwestern corner of the stadium today. By the end of the war Maribor was the most destroyed larger town in Yugoslavia and the whole Ljudski vrt area was devastated in ruins and without an organization which would renovate and manage the sporting infrastructure at the site. On 29 January 1949, an initiative led to the establishment of Branik Maribor football club. Two years in 1951, they became the flagship of the new sport organization, MŠD Branik; the renovation and construction of the sports infrastructure at the Ljudski vrt and throughout Maribor was the primary objective of the new sports organization during most of the late 1940s and early 1950s and on 12 July 1952 the Ljudski vrt stadium was opened.
At the time the main pitch was enclosed by banking, surrounding the athletic track, with concrete terraces and seats located on the western side. By 1958 the concrete terraces, in length of 248 meters, were constructed throughout the banking around the pitch and served as the standing area for over 40 years. Milan Černigoj was the main architect of the stadium and in the late 1950s he was joined by Boris Pipan with whom they designed a new main stand on the western side of the pitch; the construction began in May 1960 and was completed in 1962, with the new club offices, dressing rooms and gyms located beneath it. Notable feature of the stand includes 129,8 meters long and 18,4 meters high concrete arch, protected by the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia; the primary user of the stadium and the
Stožice Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Ljubljana, Slovenia. It was designed by Slovenian Sadar Vuga d.o.o. Architects and is the biggest football stadium in the country, it is one of two main stadiums in the city and lies in the Bežigrad district, north of the city centre. The stadium is part of the Stožice Sports Park sports complex; the stadium is the home ground of the football club Olimpija Ljubljana and is the main venue of the Slovenia national football team. Besides football, the stadium is designed to host cultural events as well; the stadium was named after the area in which it is located, the change of the name is possible in the future due to sponsorship rights. Together with an indoor arena, it is a part of the Stožice Sports Park; the stadium building area measures 24.614 square metres. It was constructed in just 14 months and was opened on 11 August 2010 on a football friendly match between the national teams of Slovenia and Australia, won by Slovenia 2–0; the stadium is laid out under the plateau of the park.
The stadium has 558 VIP seats and 97 spots for people with disabilities. The stadium's press area can accommodate 210 journalists; as a structure, the stadium is ‘sunk’ into the park. Only the roof over the stands rises above the plane of the park as a monolithic crater. For cultural purposes such as music concerts, the stadium capacity is increased to over 20,000; the stadium is used for football and is the home ground of football club Olimpija Ljubljana. Besides being the home ground of Olimpija the stadium is the home venue of the Slovenia national football team. Although the stadium was build for football it is planned to host many cultural events; the first was a joint project of two comedians, Lado Bizovičar and Jurij Zrnec, titled Notpadu lajv?!, on 20 September 2010. Over 20,000 people gathered on this event; the stadium is a record holder for most spectators on a home football match of the Slovenia national football team. This was achieved on 11 August 2010 on the opening match. 16,155 people gathered to see that match.
That is the highest attendance on any football match in Slovenia after the independence of the country in 1991. List of football stadiums in Slovenia
Domžale Sports Park
Domžale Sports Park or Domžale Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Domžale, Slovenia. It is used for football matches and is the home ground of NK Domžale; the stadium, built in 1948 holds 3,100 spectators. The stadium was renovated and modernized in 1997 and 1999. Work on the new western stand started in October 2003 and was finished in April 2004. In June 2006 the stadium received floodlights, mounted on four concrete towers and placed at each corner of the stadium. List of football stadiums in Slovenia PrvaLiga profile
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, eFootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991. FIFA was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. Member countries must each be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean and South America. Although FIFA does not control the rules of football, that being the responsibility of the International Football Association Board, it is responsible for both the organization of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate revenue from sponsorship.
In 2017, FIFA had revenues of over US $734 million, for a net loss of $189 million, had cash reserves of over US$930 million. Reports by investigative journalists have linked FIFA leadership with corruption and vote-rigging related to the election of FIFA president Sepp Blatter and the organization's decision to award the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, respectively; these allegations led to the indictments of nine high-ranking FIFA officials and five corporate executives by the U. S. Department of Justice on charges including racketeering, wire fraud, money laundering. On 27 May 2015, several of these officials were arrested by Swiss authorities, who were launching a simultaneous but separate criminal investigation into how the organization awarded the 2018 and 2022 World Cups; those among these officials who were indicted in the U. S. are expected to be extradited to face charges there as well. Many officials were suspended by FIFA's ethics committee including Michel Platini. In early 2017 reports became public about FIFA president Gianni Infantino attempting to prevent the re-elections of both chairmen of the ethics committee, Cornel Borbély and Hans-Joachim Eckert, during the FIFA congress in May 2017.
On May 9, 2017, following Infantino's proposal, FIFA Council decided not to renew the mandates of Borbély and Eckert. Together with the chairmen, 11 of 13 committee members were removed; the need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association was founded in the rear of the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques at the Rue Saint Honoré 229 in Paris on 21 May 1904; the French name and acronym are used outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland; that same day, the German Football Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram. The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by a member of the association; the first tournament FIFA staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.
Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, the United States in 1914. During World War II, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures limited, the organization's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann, it was saved from extinction but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations, who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations resumed their membership; the FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum at Urbis in England. The first World Cup was held in 1930 in Uruguay. FIFA is headquartered in Zürich, is an association established under the law of Switzerland. FIFA's supreme body is the FIFA Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association; each national football association has one vote, regardless of footballing strength.
The Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year, extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. The congress makes decisions relating to FIFA's governing statutes and their method of implementation and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA's statutes; the congress approves the annual report, decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections. Congress elects the President of FIFA, its general secretary, the other members of the FIFA Council in the year following the FIFA World Cup. FIFA Council — called the FIFA Executive Committee and chaired by the president — is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of congress; the council is composed of 37 people: the president. The Executive Committee is the body that decides w
Bonifika Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Koper, Slovenia. It is used for football matches and is the home ground of FC Koper and NK Ankaran; the stadium is part of Bonifika sports complex, together with a smaller athletics stadium, indoor hall and an indoor swimming pool. The stadium got its name from the city area where it is situated. In 2010 the stadium underwent its current capacity is 4,047 seats. A concert of the Canadian rock singer Bryan Adams – 7 July 1996 List of football stadiums in Slovenia Media related to Bonifika Stadium at Wikimedia Commons
Slovenia the Republic of Slovenia, is a sovereign state located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, it has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, of NATO; the capital and largest city is Ljubljana. Slovenia has a mountainous terrain with a continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral, which has a sub-Mediterranean climate, of the northwest, which has an Alpine climate. Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia; the country, marked by a significant biological diversity, is one of the most water-rich in Europe, with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, significant karst underground watercourses.
Over half of the territory is covered by forest. The human settlement of Slovenia is uneven. Slovenia has been the crossroads of Slavic and Romance languages and cultures. Although the population is not homogeneous, Slovenes comprise the majority; the South Slavic language Slovene is the official language throughout the country. Slovenia is a secularized country, but Catholicism and Lutheranism have influenced its culture and identity; the economy of Slovenia is small and export-oriented and has been influenced by international conditions. It has been hurt by the Eurozone crisis which started in 2009; the main economic field is services, followed by construction. The current territory of Slovenia has formed part of many different states, including the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Carolingian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Republic of Venice, the French-administered Illyrian Provinces of Napoleon I, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. In October 1918 the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the State of Slovenes and Serbs.
In December 1918 they merged with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. During World War II Germany and Hungary occupied and annexed Slovenia, with a tiny area transferred to the Independent State of Croatia, a Nazi puppet state. In 1945 Slovenia became a founding member of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, renamed in 1963 as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In the first years after World War II this state was allied with the Eastern Bloc, but it never subscribed to the Warsaw Pact and in 1961 became one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement. In June 1991, after the introduction of multi-party representative democracy, Slovenia became the first republic that split from Yugoslavia and became an independent country. In 2004, it entered the European Union. Slovenia's name means the "Land of the Slavs" in Slovene and other South Slavic languages; the etymology of Slav itself remains uncertain. The reconstructed autonym *Slověninъ is derived from the word slovo denoting "people who speak," i. e. people who understand each other.
This is in contrast to the Slavic word denoting German people, namely *němьcь, meaning "silent, mute people". The word slovo and the related slava and slukh originate from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱlew-, cognate with Ancient Greek κλέος, as in the name Pericles, Latin clueo, English loud; the modern Slovene state originates from the Slovene National Liberation Committee held on 19 February 1944. They named the state as Federal Slovenia, a unit within the Yugoslav federation. On 20 February 1946, Federal Slovenia was renamed the People's Republic of Slovenia, it retained this name until 9 April 1963, when its name was changed again, this time to Socialist Republic of Slovenia. On 8 March 1990, SR Slovenia removed the prefix "Socialist" from its name, becoming the Republic of Slovenia. Present-day Slovenia has been inhabited since prehistoric times. There is evidence of human habitation from around 250,000 years ago. A pierced cave bear bone, dating from 43100 ± 700 BP, found in 1995 in Divje Babe cave near Cerkno, is considered a kind of flute, the oldest musical instrument discovered in the world.
In the 1920s and 1930s, artifacts belonging to the Cro-Magnon, such as pierced bones, bone points, a needle were found by archaeologist Srečko Brodar in Potok Cave. In 2002, remains of pile dwellings over 4,500 years old were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, now protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Ljubljana Marshes Wooden Wheel, the oldest wooden wheel in the world, it shows that wooden wheels appeared simultaneously in Mesopotamia and Europe. In the transition period between the Bronze age to the Iron age, the Urnfield culture flourished. Archaeological remains dating from the Hallstatt period have been found in southeastern Slovenia, among them a number of situl