Football in Norway

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Football in Norway
Country Norway
Governing body Football Association of Norway
National team men's national team
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

Football is the most popular sport in Norway in terms of active membership (by television viewership football comes third, behind winter sports biathlon and cross-country skiing).[1] The Football Association of Norway was founded in 1902 and the first international match was played in 1908. There are 1,822 registered football clubs and about 25,000 teams. There are 393,801 (104,597 of them are girls/women) registered football players,[2] which means that 8.5% of the population play organized football.[3][4]

History[edit]

The first football team in Norway was probably started by a buekorps in Bergen, Nygaards Bataljon, in 1883.[5] In 1885 the first Norwegian club however, Idrætsforeningen Odd, was founded in Skien, the footballing interest was very low, and was put on ice after a few months. However, the club Odd Grenland started up with football again in 1894, and are now Norway’s oldest football club, the Football Association of Norway (the NFF), was founded in 1902, and quickly established a cup competition. After the NFF joined FIFA in 1908, Norway had its first ever international match, away against Sweden in Gothenburg; despite Norway taking the lead after a mere 45 seconds, Sweden went on to win 11-3. In 1911 Norway hosted its first international in Oslo, again against Sweden; this time Norway lost 4-0. In 1912 the Norwegian national football team attended the Olympic Games, and were knocked out after losing to Denmark and Austria 7-0 and 1-0 respectively, the NFF hosted the FIFA congress in Oslo in 1914, where a national league was established with six teams competed for the title Drafn, Frigg, Kvik/Halden, Larvik Turn, Mercantile and Odd. Drafn from Drammen went on to be the first league winners, the Norwegian national men’s team won their only medal at an international championship in 1936 at the Germany Olympic Games. In the relatively successful tournament Norway beat Turkey and hosts Germany 4-0 and 2-0 respectively, losing to Italy in the semi-final, then beating Poland 3-2 in the third-place play-off to take the bronze medal. The team is known in Norway as "Bronselaget" meaning the Bronze team.

League system[edit]

The current national league system administered by the football association is organised as, from 2017 season, 1-1-2-6, where Eliteserien is the highest Norwegian level and OBOS-ligaen the second highest, followed by two third level (PostNord-ligaen) and six fourth level (Norsk Tipping-ligaen).

Division Promotion Relegation Promotion/Relegation Playoff
Eliteserien N/A 15th, 16th 14th Relegation
OBOS-ligaen Winner, runner-up 15th, 16th 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Promotion, 14th Relegation
PostNord-ligaen Winners in two groups 12th, 13th, 14th in two groups 2nd in two groups Promotion
Norsk Tipping-ligaen Winners in six groups 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th in six groups
Level League(s)/Division(s)
1 Eliteserien
16 clubs
2 OBOS-ligaen
16 clubs
3 PostNord-ligaen
Group 1
14 clubs
PostNord-ligaen
Group 2
14 clubs
4 Norsk Tipping-ligaen
Group 1
14 clubs
Norsk Tipping-ligaen
Group 2
14 clubs
Norsk Tipping-ligaen
Group 3
14 clubs
Norsk Tipping-ligaen
Group 4
14 clubs
Norsk Tipping-ligaen
Group 5
14 clubs
Norsk Tipping-ligaen
Group 6
14 clubs
5–9 4. Divisjon through 8. Divisjon are regional divisions administered by the various regional football associations.

Cup system[edit]

European competitions[edit]

UEFA Champions League[edit]

The following teams have qualified for elimination rounds in the UEFA Champions League.

Rosenborg played in the Champions League on 10 further occasions.

National team[edit]

Women's national team[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sletten, Torstein (1972), Buekorpsene i Bergen: i tekst og bilder gjennom hundre år, ED.B. GIERTSENS FORLAG, ISBN 82-90073-00-3 

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Archived August 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Norwegian football | Norway soccer team, league, clubs, players, history". www.football-bible.com. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  3. ^ "Football Fever in Norway - Norwegians Worldwide". Nww.no. 2012-05-10. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  4. ^ "The next generation by Michael Yokhin". Espn Fc. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  5. ^ Sletten, 1972, p.58.