An electric violin is a violin equipped with an electronic output of its sound. The term most properly refers to an instrument intentionally made to be electrified with built-in pickups with a solid body, it can refer to a violin fitted with an electric pickup of some type, although "amplified violin" or "electro-acoustic violin" are more accurate in that case. Electrically amplified violins have been used in another since the 1920s; the Electro Stringed Instrument Corporation, National String Instrument Corporation and Vega Company sold electric violins in the 1930s and 1940s. Barcus Berry have been producing electric violins since the mid-1960s and in the early 1970s Max Mathews began developing an electric violin which reached completion in 1984 During the 1980s more companies were formed producing their own brand of electric violin, such as RAAD or The Amazing Electric Violin and ZETA. There has been a great deal more commercial success for manufacturers of electric violins since the 1990s for both well known, established companies and new independent makers too.
Acoustic violins may be used with an add-on piezoelectric bridge or body pickup, or a magnetic pickup attached to the fingerboard end. Alternatively, an electrodynamic pickup can be installed under an acoustic violin's fingerboard avoiding interference with any tone-producing parts of the violin, therefore keeping its acoustic resonances and tone intact. To avoid feedback from the resonances of the hollow body under high amplification on stage, many instruments have a solid body instead; the timbre of a standard unamplified violin is due in large part to these resonances, however, so depending on how the signal is picked up, an electric violin may have a "rawer" or "sharper" sound than an acoustic instrument. This raw sound is preferred in rock and some avant-garde genres. Several "semi-hollow" designs exist, containing a sealed but hollow resonating chamber that provides some approximation of acoustic violin sound while reducing susceptibility to feedback. Solid-body electric violins have a non-traditional, minimalistic design to keep weight down.
Materials such as kevlar and carbon fibres, are used in the build process. They are seen as "experimental" instruments, being less established than electric guitar or bass. Hence, there are many variations on the standard design, such as frets, extra strings, machine heads, "baritone" strings that sound an octave lower than normal, sympathetic strings. Luthier Yuri Landman built a 12 string electric violin for the Belgian band DAAU; the strings on this instrument are clustered in four groups of three strings tuned unison creating a chorus. The instrument features an extra pickup in the tail piece for extra amplification of string resonances. Acoustic 5-string violins are becoming more common, it is not unusual for an electric violin to have 5, 6, 7 or more strings; the typical solid body accommodates the extra tension caused by more strings without stressing the instrument too much. The extra strings are a low C string for 5-strings, a low C and low F for 6, a low C, F and B♭ for 7. Electric violin signals pass through electronic processing, in the same way as an electric guitar, to achieve a desired sound.
This could include delay, chorus, distortion, or other effects. Today electric violins are being used to reinvigorate music education. NBC, for example featured a "music camp that combines rock and orchestra" by Mark Wood, chosen as the "person of the day" and featured on Today for bringing fresh interest to music education with rock performances all on electric violins where proceeds are donated back to school music programs. Today stated "The perfect blend of classical instruments and rock and roll is giving kids across the country a whole new appreciation for music." Electric violins may use piezoelectric, or electrodynamic pickups. Guitar/coil type magnetic pickups require the use of violin strings that have ferrous metal wraps or cores. A few single-coil guitar-style magnetic systems are available, The small body size and arced string arrangement of a violin limit the amount of space available for coil placement. One unusual acoustic/electric violin system uses the string itself as a linear active pickup element.
Made to fit standard acoustic violins, the only requisite is that the string is electrically conducting, so the common synthetic or steel core strings can be used. Piezoelectric pickups are inexpensive and more common. Piezo elements come in the shape of cylinders or a plastic film, they detect physical vibrations directly, sometimes placed in or on the body, or in some cases actual string vibrations directly, but more general bridge vibrations are sensed. Some piezo setups have a separate pickup within the bridge under each string. A few systems use transducers oriented in various directions to differentiate between bowed and plucked string motion. Operating a switch selects the preferred mode. Piezo pickups have a high output impedance, must be plugged into a high impedance input stage in the amplifier or a powered preamp; this buffers the signal to avoid low frequency loss and microphonic noise pickup in the instrument cable. Preamplification is done by an external signal processor, but some electric
Paul Lorin Kantner was an American rock musician. He is best known as the co-founder, rhythm guitarist, occasional vocalist of Jefferson Airplane, a leading psychedelic rock band of the counterculture era, he continued these roles as a member of Jefferson Airplane's successor band. Jefferson Airplane formed in 1965. Kantner became the leader of the group and led it through its successful late 1960s period. In 1970, while still active with Jefferson Airplane and several Bay Area musicians recorded a one-off side project under the name "Paul Kantner/Jefferson Starship." Jefferson Airplane continued to record and perform until 1973. Kantner revived the Jefferson Starship name in 1974 and continued to record and perform with them through 1984, he led a reformed Jefferson Starship from 1992 until his death in 2016. Kantner had the longest continuous membership with the band, with 19 years in the original run of Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship and 24 years in the revived Jefferson Starship.
At times, he was the only founding Jefferson Airplane member. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Jefferson Airplane in 1996. Kantner was born on March 17, 1941, in San Francisco, the son of Cora Lee and Paul Schell Kantner. Kantner had a half-brother and a half-sister by his father's first marriage, both much older than he, his father was of German descent, his mother was of French and German ancestry. His mother died when he was eight years old, Kantner remembered that he was not allowed to attend her funeral, his father sent him to the circus instead. After his mother's death, his father, a traveling salesman, sent young Kantner to Catholic military boarding school. At age eight or nine, in the school's library, he read his first science fiction book, finding an escape by immersing himself in science fiction and music from on; as a teenager he went into total revolt against all forms of authority, he decided to become a protest folk singer in the manner of his musical hero, Pete Seeger.
He attended Saint Mary's College High School, the University of Santa Clara and San Jose State College, completing a total of three years of college education before dropping out to enter the music scene. For a while, he shared a communal house in Venice, Los Angeles with several other folksingers who would subsequently transition to rock, including David Crosby and David Freiberg. During the summer of 1965, singer Marty Balin saw Kantner perform at the Drinking Gourd, a San Francisco folk club, invited him to co-found a new band, Jefferson Airplane; when the group needed a lead guitarist, Kantner recommended Jorma Kaukonen, whom he knew from his San Jose days. As rhythm guitarist and one of the band's singers, Kantner was the only musician to appear on all albums recorded by Jefferson Airplane as well as Jefferson Starship. Kantner's songwriting featured whimsical or political lyrics with science fiction or fantasy themes set to music that had an martial hard rock sound. Although the band retained a egalitarian songwriting structure, Kantner became Jefferson Airplane's dominant creative force from 1967's After Bathing at Baxter's onward, writing the chart hits "The Ballad of You and Me and Pooneil", "Watch Her Ride" and "Crown of Creation".
He co-wrote the song "Wooden Ships" with David Crosby and Stephen Stills but was not credited due to pending litigation with Jefferson Airplane's first manager. According to Balin, "He was a hard-headed guy to get along with and wouldn't do anybody else's music. We had to do that's what we all did eventually. We pretty much just did Paul's music. That's all, but it was unique. It was part of part of that time. A lot of those songs still exist, still live on, still are good."With Jefferson Airplane, Kantner was among the performers at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1966 and the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. Recalling Woodstock 40 years Kantner stated: "We were due to be on stage at 10pm on the Saturday night but we didn't get on until 7.30am the following day." In 1969, the group played at Altamont, where Balin was knocked unconscious during their set by a Hells Angels member hired as security for the concert. Kantner appears in the documentary film about the Altamont concert, Gimme Shelter, in a tense on-stage confrontation with a Hell's Angel regarding the altercation.
Despite its commercial success, the Airplane was plagued by intra-group fighting, causing the band to begin splintering at the height of its success. This was exacerbated by manager Bill Graham, who prodded the group to do more touring and more recording. During the transitional period of the early 1970s, as the Airplane started to come apart, Kantner recorded Blows Against The Empire, a concept album featuring an ad hoc group of musicians whom he dubbed Jefferson Starship; this earliest edition of Jefferson Starship included members of Crosby, Nash & Young and the Grateful Dead alongside some of the other members of Jefferson Airplane. In Blows Against the Empire and Slick sang about a group of people escaping Earth in a hijacked starship; the album was nominated in 1971 for the Hugo Award, the premiere prize awarded by science fiction fandom. Although it received a plurality of the vote in the Best Dramatic Presentation category, this was superse
Donald Hugh Henley is an American musician, songwriter, record producer and founding member of the Eagles. He was the drummer and co-lead vocalist for the Eagles from 1971 to 1980, when the band broke up, from 1994 to 2016, when they reunited. Following a year-long break due to Eagles founder Glenn Frey's death, Henley reformed the band in summer 2017 for the Classic West and Classic East rock festivals, hiring Vince Gill and Deacon Frey to replace Glenn. Henley has been the only constant member of the band since its formation. Henley sang the lead vocals on Eagles hits such as "Witchy Woman", "Desperado", "Best of My Love", "One of These Nights", "Hotel California", "Life in the Fast Lane", "The Long Run" and "Get Over It". After the Eagles broke up in 1980, Henley pursued a solo career and released his debut album I Can't Stand Still, in 1982, he has released five studio albums, two compilation albums, one live DVD. His solo hits include "Dirty Laundry", "The Boys of Summer", "All She Wants to Do Is Dance", "The Heart of the Matter", "The Last Worthless Evening", "Sunset Grill", "Not Enough Love in the World", "The End of the Innocence".
The Eagles have sold over 150 million albums worldwide, won six Grammy Awards, had five No. 1 singles, 17 Top 40 singles, six No. 1 albums. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998 and are the biggest selling American band in history; as a solo artist, Henley has sold over 10 million albums worldwide, had eight Top 40 singles, won two Grammy Awards and five MTV Video Music Awards. Combined with the Eagles and as a solo artist, Henley has released 25 Top 40 singles on the Billboard Hot 100, he has released seven studio albums with the Eagles and five as a solo artist. In 2008, he was ranked as the 87th greatest singer of all time by the Rolling Stone magazine. Henley has played a founding role in several environmental and political causes, most notably the Walden Woods Project. From 1994 to 2016, he divided his musical activities between his solo career. Donald Hugh Henley grew up in the small northeast Texas town of Linden, he is the son of C. J. Henley, he has Irish and Scottish ancestry.
Henley attended Linden-Kildare High School where he played football, but due to his small build his coach suggested that he quit, he joined the high school band instead. He first played the trombone in the percussion section. After leaving high school in 1965, he attended college at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas, he attended North Texas State University in Denton, from 1967 to 1969. Henley left school to spend time with his father, dying from heart and arterial disease. While still at high school, Henley was asked to join a Dixieland band formed by his childhood friend Richard Bowden's father Elmer, together with another school friend Jerry Surratt, they formed a band called the Four Speeds. In 1964 the band was renamed Felicity finally Shiloh, went through a number of changes in band personnel; as Felicity they were signed to a local producer and released a Henley-penned song called "Hurtin'". In 1969, they met by chance fellow Texan Kenny Rogers, they changed their name to Shiloh and recorded a few songs for Rogers, "Jennifer" was released as their first single.
Surratt however died in a dirt bike accident just before their single was released, the band members became Henley, Richard Bowden and his cousin Michael Bowden, Al Perkins, Jim Ed Norman. Rogers helped sign the band to Amos Records, brought the band to Los Angeles in June 1970, they recorded a self-titled album produced by Rogers at Larrabee Studios, while living at the home of Rogers for a few months. Shiloh disbanded in 1971 over the band's leadership and creative differences between Henley and Bowden,In Los Angeles, Henley met Glenn Frey as they were both signed to the same label, they were recruited by John Boylan to be members of Linda Ronstadt's backup band for her tour in 1971. Touring with her was the catalyst for forming a group, as Henley and Frey decided to form their own band, they were joined by Randy Meisner and Bernie Leadon who played in Ronstadt's backing band and became the Eagles. The Eagles were formed in September 1971, signed to David Geffen's label Asylum Records, they released their first studio album in 1972, which contained the hit song "Take It Easy," written by Jackson Browne.
During the band's run, Henley co-wrote most of the band's best-known songs. "Witchy Woman", co-written with Leadon, was his first commercially successful song, while "Desperado" marks the beginning of his songwriting partnership with Frey. Henley sang lead vocals on many of the band's popular songs, including "Desperado," "Witchy Woman," "Best of My Love," "One of These Nights", "Hotel California", "The Long Run", "Life in the Fast Lane" and "Wasted Time." The Eagles won numerous Grammy Awards during the 1970s and became one of the world's most successful rock bands of all time. They are among the top 5 overall best-selling bands of all time in America and the highest selling American band in U. S. history. Henley and Frey have been called the American version of Lennon; the band broke up in 1980, following a difficult tour and personal tensions that arose during the recording of The Long Run. The Eagles reunited 14 years in 1994. Henley continues to record with the Eagles. Their
David Lindley (musician)
David Perry Lindley is an American musician who founded the band El Rayo-X, who has worked with many other performers including Jackson Browne, Warren Zevon, Curtis Mayfield and Dolly Parton. He has mastered such a wide variety of instruments that Acoustic Guitar magazine referred to Lindley not as a multi-instrumentalist, but instead as a "maxi-instrumentalist."The majority of the instruments that Lindley plays are string instruments, including the acoustic and electric guitar and electric bass, lap steel guitar, hardingfele, cittern, bağlama, charango, cümbüş, zither. Lindley was a founding member of the 1960s band Kaleidoscope, has worked as musical director for several touring artists. In addition, he has scored and composed music for film; as a teenager, Lindley took to playing the fiddle. By his late teens, he was acknowledged as an award-winning player, having won the Topanga Banjo•Fiddle Contest five times. From 1966 to 1970, Lindley was a founding member of the all-styles psychedelic band Kaleidoscope which released four albums on Epic Records during that period.
After Kaleidoscope broke up, he played in Terry Reid's band for a couple years. In 1972, he teamed up with Jackson Browne, played in his band through 1980. During the 1970s, he toured as a member of the bands of Crosby-Nash, Linda Ronstadt and James Taylor. In 1981, Lindley formed his own band, El Rayo-X. Jackson Browne produced their first album, their last show before breaking up was December 31, 1989. Since that time, he has toured as a solo artist, as half of a duo, first with Hani Naser with Wally Ingram, he played on a multitude of studio sessions. Between his work in the studio as a session musician or on tour as a sideman or bandleader, Lindley has worked on learning new instruments. Lindley is known for his work as a session musician, he has contributed to recordings and live performances by Jackson Browne, Warren Zevon, Linda Ronstadt, Curtis Mayfield, James Taylor, David Crosby, Graham Nash, Terry Reid, Dolly Parton, Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, Rod Stewart and Joe Walsh. He has collaborated with fellow guitarists Ry Cooder and Henry Kaiser.
Artist Ben Harper has credited Lindley's distinctive slide guitar style as a major influence on his own playing and in 2006 Lindley sat in on Harper's album Both Sides of the Gun. He is known in the guitar community for his use of "cheap" instruments sold at Sears department stores and intended for amateurs, he uses these for the unique sound they produce with a slide. In the early 1990s, he toured and recorded with Hani Naser adding percussive instruments to his solo performances, his instrumental repertoire which he uses in his session work. In recent years, Lindley has toured extensively and recorded with reggae percussionist Wally Ingram, it is his touring around the world that has exposed him to part of his array of instruments that appear exotic to many Western audiences. Lindley's voice is heard in the version of "Stay" performed by Jackson Browne. Browne's version is a continuation of "The Load Out", its refrain is sung in progressively higher vocal ranges; the refrain of "Oh won't you stay, just a little bit longer" is sung first by Browne by Rosemary Butler by Lindley in falsetto.
Lindley joined Jackson Browne for a tour of Spain in 2006. Love Is Strange: En Vivo Con Tino, a 2-CD set of recordings from that tour, was released May 11, 2010, with Browne and Lindley touring together starting in June of that year; the duo won an Independent Music Award for Best Live Performance Album Lindley has a large collection of rare and unusual guitars and other instruments from the Middle East and various parts of the world. Lindley has listed and categorized many of them on his website but admits that he has "absolutely no idea" how many instruments he owns and plays, having gathered them since the 1960s. 1967: Side Trips 1967: A Beacon from Mars 1969: Incredible! Kaleidoscope 1970: Bernice with Kaleidoscope 1981: El Rayo-X 1982: Win This Record! 1983: El Rayo Live 1985: Mr. Dave 1988: Very Greasy #174 US 1991: OST The Indian Runner with Jack Nitzsche 1991: A World Out of Time with Henry Kaiser in Madagascar 1994: The Sweet Sunny North with Henry Kaiser in Norway 1994: Wheels of the Sun by Kazu Matsui with Hani Naser 1994: Official Bootleg #1: Live in Tokyo Playing Real Good with Hani Naser 1995: Cooder-Lindley Family Live at the Vienna Opera House with Ry Cooder 1995: Song of Sacajawea 1995: Official Bootleg #2: Live All Over the Place Playing Even Better with Hani Naser 2000: Twango Bango Deluxe 2001: Twango Bango II 2003: Twango Bango III 2004: Live in Europe 2008: David Lindley—Big Twang 1967: Songs of Leonard Cohen with Leonard Cohen 1969: Elephant Mountain with The Youngbloods 1971: Songs for Beginners with Graham Nash 1971: America America 1972: River with Terry Reid 1973: For Everyman with Jackson Browne 1974: Wild Tales with Graham Nash 1974: Late for the Sky with Jackson Browne 1974: Heart Like a Wheel with Linda Ronstadt 1975: Prisoner in Disguise Asylum Records with Linda Ronstadt 1975: Wind on the Water with Crosby & Nash 1975: Atlantic Crossing with Rod Stewart 1976: The Pretender with Jackson Browne 1976: Warren Zevon with Warren Zevon 1976: Whistling Down the Wire with Crosby
Glenn Lewis Frey was an American singer, songwriter and founding member of the rock band the Eagles. Frey was the lead singer and frontman for the Eagles, roles he came to share with fellow member Don Henley, with whom he wrote most of the Eagles' material. Frey played guitar and keyboards as well as singing lead vocals on songs such as "Take It Easy", "Peaceful Easy Feeling", "Tequila Sunrise", "Already Gone", "James Dean", "Lyin' Eyes", "New Kid in Town", "Heartache Tonight". After the breakup of the Eagles in 1980, Frey embarked on a successful solo career, he released his debut album, No Fun Aloud, in 1982 and went on to record Top 40 hits "The One You Love", "Smuggler's Blues", "Sexy Girl", "The Heat Is On", "You Belong to the City", "True Love", "Soul Searchin'" and "Livin' Right". As a member of the Eagles, Frey won six Grammy Awards, five American Music Awards; the Eagles were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998, the first year they were nominated. Consolidating his solo recordings and those with the Eagles, Frey had 24 Top 40 singles on the Billboard Hot 100.
Frey was born in Michigan. Growing up in Royal Oak, Michigan, he studied piano at age five switched to guitar, became part of the mid-1960s Detroit rock scene. One of his earliest bands was called the Subterraneans, named after Jack Kerouac's novel, included fellow Dondero High School classmates Doug Edwards on drums, Doug Gunsch and Bill Barnes on guitar and Jeff Hodge on bass. After graduating from Dondero in 1966, he was invited to join The Four of Us, a local band led by Gary Burrows who had seen him performing with the Subterraneans. Frey attended Oakland Community College while in the band, he learned to sing harmonies performing with The Four of Us. In 1967, he formed the Mushrooms with Gary Burrows' brother Jeff, Bill Barnes, Doug Gunch, Larry Mintz; that year Frey met Bob Seger, who helped Frey get a management and recording contract with a label formed by Seger's management team, Hideout Records. Seger wrote and produced the band's first single, "Such a Lovely Child", the band made television appearances to promote it.
Frey had intended to join Seger's group but his mother blocked that course of action for smoking cannabis with Seger. In the part of 1967, Frey pulled together another band called Heavy Metal Kids with Jeff Burrows, Jeff Alborell, Paul Kelcourse and Lance Dickerson. In 1968, at age 19, Frey played the acoustic guitar and performed background vocals on Seger's single, "Ramblin' Gamblin' Man". Frey has said that Seger encouraged and influenced him to focus on writing original songs, they remained good friends and occasional songwriting partners in years, Frey would sing on Seger's songs such as "Fire Lake" and "Against the Wind". In Detroit, Frey met and dated Joan Sliwin of the local female group The Mama Cats, which became Honey Ltd. after the group moved to California in 1968. Frey went to Los Angeles hoping to reconnect with his girlfriend, he was introduced to J. D. Souther by her sister, Alexandra Sliwin, with Souther at the time. Frey returned to Detroit after three weeks, but went back again to Los Angeles to form a duo with Souther called Longbranch Pennywhistle.
They were signed to Amos Records and released an eponymous album in 1969, which contains songs he wrote such as "Run, Run" and "Rebecca", "Bring Back Funky Women" he co-wrote with Souther. Frey met Jackson Browne during this period; the three musicians lived in the same apartment building for a short time, Frey said that he learned a lot about songwriting from hearing Browne work on songs in the apartment below. Frey met drummer Don Henley in 1970, they were signed to the same label, Amos Records, at that time and both spent time at the Troubadour. When Linda Ronstadt needed a backup band for an upcoming tour, her manager John Boylan hired Frey because he needed someone who could play rhythm guitar and sing. Don Henley was approached by Frey to join Ronstadt. Randy Meisner and Bernie Leadon were hired, although as the backing band personnel changed through the tour, the four had only played once together at a gig at Disneyland. Frey and Henley decided to form a band together while on the tour, they were joined by Meisner on bass and Leadon on guitar, steel guitar and dobro, forming the Eagles, with Frey playing guitar and keyboards and Henley playing drums.
The band went on to become one of the world's best-selling groups of all time. Frey wrote or co-wrote many of the group's songs, sang the lead vocals on a number of Eagles hits including "Take It Easy", "Peaceful Easy Feeling", "Already Gone", "Tequila Sunrise", "Lyin' Eyes", "New Kid in Town", "Heartache Tonight" and "How Long"; the Eagles broke up around 1980 and reunited in 1994, when they released a new album titled Hell Freezes Over. The album had four new songs; the Hell Freezes Over Tour followed. In 2012 on The Tavis Smiley Show, Frey told Smiley, "When the Eagles broke up, people used to ask me and Don,'When are the Eagles getting back together?' We used to answer,'When Hell freezes over.' We thought. People have the misconception, it is not true. We had a lot of fun. We had a lot more fun than I think people realize." At their first live concert of 1994, Frey told the crowd, "For the record, we never broke up. We just took a 14-year vacation."The Eagles' album Long Road Out of Eden was released in 2007, Frey participated in the Eagles' Long Road Out of Eden Tour.
In May 2012, Frey was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music
Stephen Arthur Stills is an American singer and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work with Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Nash & Young. Beginning his professional career with Buffalo Springfield, he composed one of their few hits "For What It's Worth", which became one of the most recognizable songs of the 1960s. Other notable songs he contributed to the band were "Sit Down, I Think I Love You", "Bluebird" and "Rock & Roll Woman". According to bandmate Richie Furay, he was "the heart and soul of Buffalo Springfield". After Buffalo Springfield disbanded, Stills began working with David Crosby and Graham Nash as a trio called Crosby, Stills & Nash. Stills, in addition to writing many of the band's songs, played bass and keyboards on their debut album; the album sold over four million copies and at that point had outsold anything from the three members' prior bands: the Byrds, Buffalo Springfield, the Hollies. The album won the trio a Grammy Award for Best New Artist. Neil Young of Buffalo Springfield, joined CSN months for their second concert at Woodstock and subsequent album Déjà Vu.
Stills played bass and keyboard on the title track and electric guitar and piano on "Helpless". The album sold over eight million copies. In its wake all four members of Crosby, Nash & Young released solo albums that reached the top 20. Stills's first solo album, Stephen Stills, went gold and is the only album to feature both Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, its hit single, "Love the One You're With", became his biggest solo hit, peaking at number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100. A string of solo albums, a band with Chris Hillman called Manassas, followed in 1972. In summer 1974 Young reunited with CSN after a four-year hiatus for a concert tour, recorded and released in 2014 as CSNY 1974, it was one of the largest tour the band has done to date. CSN reunited in 1977 for their album CSN. CSN and CSNY continued to have platinum albums through the 1980s. Stills's solo career and bands have combined sales of over 35 million albums. Stills was ranked number 28 in Rolling Stone's 2003 list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" and number 47 in the 2011 list.
He became the first person to be inducted twice on the same night into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for his work with CSN and Buffalo Springfield. According to Neil Young, "Stephen is a genius." Stills was born in Dallas, the son of Talitha Quintilla and William Arthur Stills. Raised in a military family, he moved around as a child, developed an interest in blues and folk music, he was influenced by Latin music after spending his youth in Gainesville and Tampa, Florida. Stills attended Admiral Farragut Academy in St. Petersburg and Saint Leo College Preparatory School in Saint Leo, Florida. Stills is an avid sailor. Stills dropped out of LSU in the early 1960s, he played in a series of bands, including the Continentals, which featured future Eagles guitarist Don Felder. Stills sang as a solo artist at Gerde's Folk City, a well-known coffeehouse in Greenwich Village. Stills ended up in a nine-member vocal harmony group, the house act at the famous Cafe au Go Go in NYC, called the Au Go Go Singers, which included his future Buffalo Springfield bandmate Richie Furay.
This group did some touring in the Catskills and in the South, released one album in 1964 broke up in 1965. Afterwards, along with four other former members of the Au Go Go Singers, formed the Company, a folk-rock group; the Company embarked on a six-week tour of Canada. On the VH1 CSNY Legends special, Stills said that Young was doing what he always wanted to do, "play folk music in a rock band." The Company broke up in New York within four months. In 1966 he convinced a reluctant Furay living in Massachusetts, to move with him to California. Stills and Young reunited in Los Angeles and formed the core of Buffalo Springfield. Legend has it that Stills and Furay recognized Young's converted hearse and flagged him down, a meeting described in a recent solo track "Round the Bend"; the band would release three albums: Buffalo Springfield, Buffalo Springfield Again, Last Time Around, enjoy only one hit single, the Stills-penned "For What It's Worth" before disbanding. A Stills song from their debut album, "Sit Down, I Think I Love You," was a minor hit for the Mojo Men in 1967.
After the disintegration of Buffalo Springfield, Stills played on the Super Session album with Al Kooper and joined up with David Crosby, ejected from the Byrds in the autumn of 1967. At a party in Laurel Canyon, Crosby was introduced to Graham Nash by a mutual friend, Cass Elliot, Nash found himself soon joining in singing with Crosby and Stills. Renditions of the latter's "You Don't Have to Cry," led to the formation of Stills & Nash. Several of Stills's songs, including "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes" and "You Don't Have To Cry" on the group's debut album were inspired by his on-again off-again relationship with singer Judy Collins. In a 1971 interview in Rolling Stone the interviewer noted, "so many of your songs seem to be about Judy Collins." Stills replied, "Well, there are three things men can do with women: love them, suffer for them, or turn them into literature. I've had my share of success and failure at all three."The cover photo pictured on the debut was taken on the back porch of a house in West Hollywood, torn down the next day.
1973 in music
This is a list of music-related events in 1973. 1973 in British music 1973 in Norwegian music 1973 in country music 1973 in heavy metal music 1973 in jazz 8 January – British Rail authorities restrict Pipe Major Gordon Speirs to playing his bagpipes just one minute in every fifteen on Liverpool Street station, London, on grounds that his playing "interferes with station business". 9 January – Mick Jagger's request for a Japanese visa is rejected on account of a 1969 drug conviction, putting an abrupt end to The Rolling Stones' plans to perform in Japan during their forthcoming tour. 14 January Elvis Presley's Aloha From Hawaii Via Satellite television special is broadcast in over 40 countries around the world. Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh is arrested for drug possession at his Marin County home. 18 January – The Rolling Stones' benefit concert for Nicaraguan earthquake victims raises over $350,000. On December 22, 1972, an earthquake destroyed the capital of Nicaragua. 20 January 1973, Mike Curb serves as master of ceremonies and chairman of the Nixon Youth Inaugural Concert in Washington, DC...
The events performers included Solomon Burke, Tommy Roe, Jimmy Osmond, Ray Stevens, The Sylvers, Don Costa Orchestra, Laurie Lee Schaefer, The Mike Curb Congregation and The Mob and Mike Curb himself. 21 January – The Rolling Stones open their Pacific tour of Hawaii and New Zealand in Honolulu, Hawaii. 30 January – Kiss perform their first concert, at the Coventry Club in Queens. 2 February – The Midnight Special makes its début as a regular series on NBC. Helen Reddy is the featured artist. 14 February – David Bowie collapses from exhaustion after a performance at New York's Madison Square Garden. 18 February – The King Biscuit Flower Hour is first broadcast with performances by Blood, Sweat & Tears, The Mahavishnu Orchestra, new artist Bruce Springsteen. 1 March Leonard Bernstein conducts Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto for the first time in his career, with soloist Isaac Stern and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. The Joffrey Ballet's Deuce Coupe Ballet opens; the ballet is set to music by The Beach Boys.
Pink Floyd releases The Dark Side of the Moon, which goes on to become one of the best-selling albums of all time. The album debuts on the Billboard 200 on March 17, reaches #1 on April 28, logs the all-time record of 741 weeks on that chart. 5 March – Jimi Hendrix's former personal manager, Michael Jeffery, is killed in a plane crash. Jeffery was travelling from Majorca to England. All passengers on board the plane were killed. 6 March – The New York Office of the US Immigration Department cancels John Lennon's visa extension five days after granting it. 7 March – The director of talent acquisition at Columbia Records, John H. Hammond, suffers a non-fatal heart attack following a performance by one of his most recent finds, Bruce Springsteen. 8 March – Paul McCartney is fined $240 after pleading guilty to charges of growing marijuana outside his Scottish farm. 14 March – The singers Stephen Stills and Véronique Sanson are married near Guildford, England. 24 March – Lou Reed is bitten on the buttocks by a fan during a concert in Buffalo, New York.
2 April – Capitol Records releases two collections of The Beatles' greatest hits, The Beatles 1962-1966 and The Beatles 1967-1970. 7 April – In Luxembourg, the 18th Eurovision Song Contest is won by Luxembourg for the second consecutive year, this time with "Tu te reconnaîtras", sung by Anne-Marie David. Spain finish in second place with "Eres Tú", sung by Mocedades; the top three placed. 8 April – Opening of the first La Rochelle Festival of Contemporary Music, under the direction of Claude Samuel. Featured composers include Karlheinz Stockhausen and Iannis Xenakis 13 April – The Wailers's fifth studio album, Catch a Fire, was released under Island Records to critical acclaim. Becoming one of the biggest albums of the reggae genre, it established the Wailers and Bob Marley. 15 April – Tenth Royan Festival of International Contemporary Art begins, including concerts featuring music by Jean Barraqué and Horațiu Rădulescu, amongst others. 16 April – Paul McCartney's first solo television special, James Paul McCartney, airs on ABC.
The special includes performances by Wings. 18 April – Violinist Jascha Heifetz deposits parts from his prized Guarnerius violin in the newly poured wet concrete of the foundation for the new Virginia Ramo Hall of Music, under construction at the University of Southern California, in order to ensure the building will be "in tune", to bring luck. 4 May – 29 July – Led Zeppelin embarks on a tour of the United States, during which they set the record for highest attendance for a concert, 56,800, at the Tampa Stadium in Tampa, Florida. The record was held by The Beatles. Performances for the movie The Song Remains the Same are filmed. 9 May – Mick Jagger adds $150,000 of his own money to the $350,000 raised by The Rolling Stones' January 18 benefit concert for the victims of the Nicaraguan earthquake. 12 May – David Bowie is the first rock artist to perform at Earls Court Exhibition Centre. 13 May – Daniel Barenboim collapses with a gastric upset during a concert at the Brighton Festival, but recovers sufficiently to be driven home.
23 May – Don Robey sells Duke Records, Peacock Records and Backbeat Records to ABC Dunhill Records. 25 May – Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells becomes the first release on Richard Branson's newly launched Virgin label. 1 June – Robert Wyatt is crippled after falling three storeys from a London apartment block after leaving a party. Dur