In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; the unit rolled out across England in the 1860s. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 75,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. Eight parishes have city status. A civil parish may be known as and confirmed as a town, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government. 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England; the most populous is Weston super Mare and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury and Wells.
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough. Wales was divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government Act 1929, the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government Act 1973; the Parish system in Europe was established between the 8th and 12th centuries and in England was old by the time of the Conquest. These areas were based on the territory of one or more manors, areas which in some cases derived their bounds from Roman or Iron Age estates. Parish boundaries were conservative, changing little, after 1180'froze' so that boundaries could no longer be changed at all, despite changes to manorial landholdings - though there were some examples of sub-division.
The consistency of these boundaries, up until the 19th century is useful to historians, is of cultural significance in terms of shaping local identities, a factor reinforced by the adoption of parish boundaries unchanged, by successor local government units. There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, Chignall Smealy 476 acres; until the break with Rome, parishes managed ecclesiastical matters, while the manor was the principal unit of local administration and justice. The church replaced the manor court as the rural administrative centre, levied a local tax on produce known as a tithe. In the medieval period, responsibilities such as relief of the poor passed from the Lord of the Manor to the parish's rector, who in practice would delegate tasks among his vestry or the monasteries. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the parish authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601.
Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented. The parish authorities were consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish; as the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it became difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the entire body of ratepayers; this innovation allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite. The administration of the parish system relied on the monopoly of the established English Church, which for a few years after Henry VIII alternated between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England, before settling on the latter on the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558. By the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism; the legitimacy of the parish vestry came into question and the perceived inefficiency and corruption inherent in the system became a source for concern in some places.
For this reason, during the early 19th century the parish progressively lost its powers to ad hoc boards and other organisations, for example the loss of responsibility for poor relief through the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. Sanitary districts covered England in Ireland three years later; the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from 1868; the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct, nearly overlapping, systems of parishes during the 19th century. The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes, extra-parochial areas and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes". To have collected rates this means these beforehand had their own vestries, boards or equivalent bodies; the Church of England parishes, which cover more than 99% of England, became termed "ecclesiastical parishes" and the boundaries of these soon diverged from those of the Ancient Parishes in order to reflect modern circumstances.
After 1921 each ecclesiastical parish has been the responsibility of the parochial church councils. In the late 19th century, most of the ancient irregularities inheri
Birmingham International railway station
Birmingham International is a railway station located in Solihull in the West Midlands, to the east of the city of Birmingham, England. The station is on the Rugby–Birmingham–Stafford Line 14 km east of Birmingham New Street and serves Birmingham Airport, National Exhibition Centre and Resorts World Birmingham; the station was designed by the architect Ray Moorcroft and opened on 26 January 1976, has regular train services to many parts of the country. It was named Birmingham International after the adjacent airport, at the time named Birmingham International Airport, but has since been rebranded as Birmingham Airport; the station is managed by Virgin Trains and is served by CrossCountry, Transport for Wales and West Midlands Trains. It has five platforms, consisting of two islands and one side platform numbered 1-5 from south to north; the basic off-peak service is as follows: Virgin Trains 3 trains per hour to London Euston 2 trains per hour to Birmingham New Street 1 train per hour to Glasgow Central/Edinburgh Waverley via Birmingham New Street and Wolverhampton 2 trains per day to ShrewsburyDuring rush hour certain Virgin services to/from London Euston start and terminate here.
Transport for Wales 1 train per hour to Shrewsbury, of which: 1 train per two hours continues to Aberystwyth and Pwllheli after dividing at Machynlleth 1 train per two hours continues to Holyhead via Wrexham General and ChesterCrossCountry 1 train per hour to Manchester Piccadilly 1 train per hour to Bournemouth via ReadingWest Midlands Trains 4 trains per hour to Birmingham New Street 3 trains per hour to London Euston via Northampton A maglev service ran from the airport terminal to the station from 1984 until 1995. The train "flew" at an altitude of 15 mm over a track 620 m in length, it operated for nearly 11 years, but was scrapped because spare parts for the system were no longer available. It was temporarily replaced by a bus; the chosen replacement system, the DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car Cable Liner Shuttle, was announced in late 2000 and construction started in 2001. The Interchange was opened in March 2003; the system was known as SkyRail but in 2004 it was renamed AirRail Link. The airport can be reached via a dedicated fast bus service from Coleshill Parkway station, on the Birmingham to Peterborough Line.
Under cover walkways and Travelators connect the NEC buildings to the station and to the Air-Rail Link, which in turn connects to Birmingham Airport. A new Birmingham Interchange railway station is to be built on the other side of the M42 motorway from the National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham Airport and this station; the new interchange would be connected by a "rapid transit people mover" to the other sites. Rail Around Birmingham and the West Midlands: Birmingham International station
West Midlands Police
West Midlands Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing the metropolitan county of West Midlands in England. Covering an area with nearly 2.9 million inhabitants, which includes the cities of Birmingham, Coventry and the Black Country. The force is led by Chief Constable Dave Thompson; the force area is divided into ten Local Policing Units, each being served by four core policing teams – Response, Neighbourhood and Community Action & Priority – with the support of a number of specialist crime teams. These specialist teams include CID, traffic and a firearms unit who provide a twenty-four-hour availability to attend reported incidents involving the use of firearms and knives. From comparative data published by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary for the twelve months up to September 2013, West Midlands Police recorded 62.93 crimes per 1000 population against an average for England and Wales of 61.39. Total recorded crime was down 3% on the same period the previous year against an average of a 3% fall nationally.
Detection rates for the same period were 23% against a national average of 29% and victim surveys indicated 84.76% of victims were satisfied with overall service provided by West Midlands Police compared against a national average of around 85%. West Midlands Police is a partner, alongside Staffordshire Police, in the Central Motorway Police Group; the force is party to a number of other resource sharing agreements including the National Police Air Service under which its helicopter is made available as a resource for neighbouring forces. Prior to the formation of West Midlands Police as it is known today, the area now covered by the force was served by a total of six smaller constabularies; these constabularies were as follows: Birmingham City Police 1839–1974: Established in 1839 following an outbreak of Chartist rioting that the Metropolitan Police had to help quell, officers from Birmingham City Police first took to the streets on 20 November of that year. With a strength of 260 officers paid at a rate of 17 shillings a week, the constabulary expanded to keep pace with the growth of the city with the final areas to be added before the force's amalgamation in West Midlands Police being the Hollywood area.
Coventry Police 1836–1974: Formed with the Municipal Corporations Act in 1836, Coventry Police was only twenty officers with the support of a single sergeant and one inspector. The force reached a strength of 137 officers by 1914 and continued to grow until in 1969 it was merged with the Warwickshire and Coventry Constabulary, part of which it remained until the formation of West Midlands Police. Dudley Borough Police 1920–1966: Formerly part of the Worcestershire Constabulary, Dudley gained its own police force on 1 April 1920 following a review by His Majesty's Inspector that had suggested previous policing arrangements were unsatisfactory. Dudley Borough Police remained independent until the Royal Commission in 1960 which resulted in its inclusion as part of the newly formed West Midlands Constabulary. Walsall Borough Police 1832–1966: Moving away from a'watch' system, Walsall Borough Police were formed on 6 July 1832 with an initial strength of only one superintendent and three constables.
As with the other regional forces, Walsall Borough Police expanded with the area's population and in 1852 appointed its first two detectives. The force took on its first female recruits in 1918 and in the 1960s became one of the first forces to issues its officers with personal radios; as with Dudley's police force, Walsall Borough Police became part of the West Midlands Constabulary following the Royal Commission. West Midlands Constabulary 1966–1974: Lasting only eight years, West Midlands Constabulary was a newly formed force encompassing a number of smaller borough forces including Dudley Borough Police, Walsall Borough Police, Wolverhampton Borough Police and parts of Staffordshire and Worcestershire Constabularies; the creation of the West Midlands Constabulary was the consequence of 1960's Royal Commission into policing. Wolverhampton Borough Police 1837–1966: The formation of Wolverhampton Borough Police was approved on 3 August 1837 under the condition that the strength of the force not exceed sixteen men.
The Police Act 1839 saw Staffordshire County Police taking over policing in Wolverhampton with Wolverhampton Borough Police regaining responsibility for policing the town in 1848. At the turn of the 20th century the force was 109 strong, reaching a highpoint of around 300 before the force became part of the short lived West Midlands Constabulary in 1966. West Midlands Police was formed on 1 April 1974, owing to the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 which created the new West Midlands metropolitan county, it was formed by merging the Birmingham City Police, the earlier West Midlands Constabulary, parts of Staffordshire County and Stoke-on-Trent Constabulary and Coventry Constabulary and West Mercia Constabulary. The first Chief Constable appointed to the new force was Sir Derrick Capper, the last Chief Constable of Birmingham Police. Between 1974 and 1989, the force operated the West Midlands Serious Crime Squad, it was disbanded after allegations of endemic misconduct. These included allegations that officers had falsified confessions in witness statements, denied suspects access to solicitors and used torture such as "plastic bagging" to pa
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom provide emergency care to people with acute illness or injury and are predominantly provided free at the point of use by the four National Health Services of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Emergency care including ambulance and emergency department treatment is free to everyone, regardless of immigration or visitor status; the NHS commissions most emergency medical services through the 14 NHS organisations with ambulance responsibility across the UK. As with other emergency services, the public access emergency medical services through one of the valid emergency telephone numbers. In addition to ambulance services provided by NHS organisations, there are some private and volunteer emergency medical services arrangements in place in the UK, the use of private or volunteer ambulances at public events or large private sites, as part of community provision of services such as community first responders. Air ambulance services in the UK are not part of the NHS and are funded through charitable donations.
Paramedics are seconded from a local NHS ambulance service, with the exception of Great North Air Ambulance Service who employ their own paramedics. Doctors are provided by their home hospital and spend no more than 40% of their time with an air ambulance service. Public ambulance services across the UK are required by law to respond to four types of requests for care, which are: Emergency calls Doctor's urgent admission requests High dependency and urgent inter-hospital transfers Major incidentsAmbulance trusts and services may undertake non-urgent patient transport services on a commercial arrangement with their local hospital trusts or health boards, or in some cases on directly funded government contracts, although these contracts are fulfilled by private and voluntary providers; the National Health Service Act 1946 gave county and borough councils a statutory responsibility to provide an emergency ambulance service, although they could contract a voluntary ambulance service to provide this, with many contracting the British Red Cross, St John Ambulance or another local provider.
The last St John Division, to be so contracted is reputed to have been at Whittlesey in Cambridgeshire, where the two-bay ambulance garage can still be seen at the branch headquarters. The Regional Ambulance Officers’ Committee reported in 1979 that “There was considerable local variation in the quality of the service provided in relation to vehicles and equipment. Most Services were administered by Local Authorities through their Medical Officer of Health and his Ambulance Officer, a few were under the aegis of the Fire Service, whilst others relied upon agency methods for the provision of part or all of their services.” The 142 existing ambulance services were transferred by the National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 from local authority to central government control in 1974, consolidated into 53 services under regional or area health authorities. This led to the formation of predominantly county based ambulance services, which merged up and changed responsibilities until 2006, when there were 31 NHS ambulance trusts in England.
The June 2005 report "Taking healthcare to the Patient", authored by Peter Bradley, Chief Executive of the London Ambulance Service, for the Department of Health led to the merging of the 31 trusts into 13 organisations in England, plus one organisation each in Wales and Northern Ireland. Following further changes as part of the NHS foundation trust pathway, this has further reduced to 10 ambulance service trusts in England, plus the Isle of Wight which has its own provision. Following the passage of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, commissioning of the ambulance services in each area passed from central government control into the hands of regional clinical commissioning groups; the commissioners in each region are responsible for contracting with a suitable organisation to provide ambulance services within their geographical territory. The primary provider for each area is held by a public NHS body, of which there are 11 in England, 1 each in the other three countries. In England there are now ten NHS ambulance trusts, as well as an ambulance service on the Isle of Wight, run directly by Isle of Wight NHS Trust, with boundaries following those of the former regional government offices.
The ten trusts are: East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust London Ambulance Service NHS Trust North East Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South East Coast Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South Western Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust West Midlands Ambulance Service University NHS Foundation Trust Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS TrustThe English ambulance trusts are represented by the Association of Ambulance Chief Executives, with the Scottish and Northern Irish providers all associate members. On the 14 November 2018 West Midlands Ambulance Service became the UK's first university-ambulance trust; the service was operated before reorganisation in 1974 by the St Andrews’ Ambulance Association under contract to the Secretary of State for Scotland. The Scottish Ambulance Service is a Special Health Board that provides ambulance services throughout whole of Scotland, on behalf of the Health and Social Care Directorates of the Scottish Government.
Due to the remote nature of many areas of Scotland compared to the other Home Nations, the Scottish Ambulance Service has Britain's only publi
West Midlands Fire Service
West Midlands Fire Service is the third largest fire and rescue service in the UK, with only the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service and London Fire Brigade being larger, is one of only two fire services in which all stations are full-time. WMFS delivers emergency services to 2.83 million residents across seven local authority areas in the county of the West Midlands in England. The brigade is run under the command of Chief Fire Officer Phil Loach and the Strategic Enabling Team, providing emergency response from 38 strategically located fire stations, divided into six Command Areas. Responsibility for the running on the brigade lies with West Midlands Fire and Rescue Authority, a joint authority made up of councillors from the seven local authorities in the West Midlands; the service was created in 1974. Prior to its creation, each of the county boroughs in the West Midlands area had their own fire brigade, the largest of, the City of Birmingham Fire Brigade. WMFS was created by parts of Warwickshire Fire Brigade.
The service was headquartered in the former City of Birmingham Fire Brigade headquarters at Lancaster Circus which were opened on 2 December 1935 by HRH Duke of Kent. It is now a listed building and the service moved to purpose-built, modern headquarters on Vauxhall Road, Nechells, in 2008; the following people have held the office of Chief Fire Officer: 2014 to present: Phil Loach 2009 to 2013: Vijith Randeniya OBE 2003 to 2008: Frank Sheehan 1998 to 2003: Kenneth Knight 1990 to 1998: Graham Meldum 1981 to 1990: Brian Fuller 1975 to 1981: Tom Lister CBE 1974 to 1975: George Merrell CBE All fire stations within the service are full-time, work on 2 types of shift: Core - full 10- or 14-hour shift on 4 watches of Blue, Red and White Late - 12-hour shift running from 10:00AM to 10:00PM on 2 Watches of Orange and Purple. Tettenhall is the only late crewed station, therefore Wolverhampton covers the area at nightBirmingham City Centre is covered by 3 stations: Aston located and covering the Northern Area.
Pump Rescue Ladder: 1 / 2 Brigade Response Vehicle: 5 Hydraulic Platform: 4 Business Support Vehicle: 9 Incident Command & Control Unit: Z2 Command Support Vehicle High Volume Support Pump Vehicle Prime Mover: 8 / M32 / M96Pods: Hazardous substances Environmental Protection Unit Foam Distribution Unit General Purpose Unit High Volume Hose Layer High Volume Pump Incident Support Unit Major Rescue Unit Multi Purpose Vehicle Carrier Water Support Unit Welfare support unit Welfare Unit Technical Rescue Pump: 1 Technical Rescue Support Light 4x4 Vehicle Prime Mover: 8Pods: Major Rescue Unit Trench Rescue Unit Water Support Unit Personnel Carrier Vehicle Search & Rescue Dog Unit Prime Mover: M98 / M121 / M122 / M123Pods: Module 1 - Technical Search Equipment Module 2 - Heavy Transport, Confined Space & Hot Cutting Equipment Module 3 - Breaching & Breaking Equipment Module 4 - Multi Purpose Vehicle Module 5 - Shoring Operations Detection, Identification & Monitoring: M4 Incident Response Unit: M45 / M62 Prime Mover: M32 / M96Pods: Mass Decontamination Disrobe Mass Decontamination Rerobe West Midlands Fire Service is one of only three brigades in the UK where all operational firefighters are full-time, the others being London Fire Brigade & Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service.
Firefighters are part of a Watch system that consists of'core' crews and'late' crews depending on the station they are serving at. Staff that are part of the core crews will be on duty for two days from 8am until 6pm two nights from 6pm until 8am. Late crews are on duty from 10am until 10pm for four days in a row. Firefighters that are part of the core crews will belong to either a Red, White or Blue Watch, those in the late crews will belong to either an Orange or Purple Watch; as with many other fire services, West Midlands Fire Service uses a rank structure that has evolved over time – the original titles are still used some brigades. In January 2019 it was alleged that West Midlands Fire Service was using discriminatory practices in recruitment of new firefighters. Once candidates had passed a reactions test, they moved on to a numerical and mechanical reasoning exam. Media reports stated that ethnic minorities and females taking this test were deemed to have passed should they achieve a score of 60%.
However, it was claimed that white male candidates were required to score at least 70%. Member of parliament David Davies condemned the policy, stating "It's bonkers, they should just be picking woman for the job. They shouldn't be lowering the target for anyone just to meet a target." The service has target of 60 % of new recruits to be female by 35 % to be ethnic minorities. In repose to criticism, the organisation did not comment on whether it had different pass marks for different groups, stating "West Midlands Fire Service is committed to a workforce which reflects the diversity of all our communities" and "our recruitment shows our determination to challenge outdated perceptions about who can – and can’t – be a firefighter."West Midlands Fire Service's statement. Operating out of two locations, a primary base at Bickenhill fire station and a satellite base at Wednesbury fire station, the WMFS Technical Rescue Unit
Sutton Coldfield the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield, is a town and civil parish in Birmingham, West Midlands, England. The town lies about 7 miles northeast of Birmingham City Centre and borders Little Aston, North Warwickshire, Lichfield and South Staffordshire, its 2011 Census population was 95,107 – an increase of 6.7% since the 2001 Census. In Warwickshire, it became part of Birmingham and the West Midlands metropolitan county in 1974. In 2015, the village elected a Parish/Town Council for the first time in its recent history, it is an affluent town, encompassing the Four Oaks Park Estate and bordering the Little Aston Park private estate where many of the region's wealthiest residents live. The etymology of the name Sutton appears to be from "South Town"; the name "Sutton Coldfield" appears to come from this time, being the "south town" on the edge of the "col field". "Col" is derived from "charcoal", charcoal burners being active in the area. The earliest known signs of human presence in Sutton Coldfield were discovered in 2001–2003 on the boundaries of the town.
Archaeological surveys undertaken in preparation for the construction of the M6 Toll road revealed evidence of Bronze Age burnt mounds near Langley Mill Farm, at Langley Brook. Additionally, evidence for a Bronze Age burial mound was discovered, one of only two in Birmingham with the other being located in Kingstanding. Excavations uncovered the presence of an Iron Age settlement, dating to around 400 and 100 BC, consisting of circular houses built over at least three phases surrounded by ditches. Closer to Langley Brook, excavations uncovered the remains of a single circular house surrounded by ditches, dating from the same period. Near to Langley Mill Farm is Fox Hollies, where archaeological surveys have uncovered flints dating from the New Stone Age. Amongst the finds in the area were flint cores and a flint scraper, retouched with a knife; the presence of flint cores suggest that the site was used for tool manufacture and that a settlement was nearby. Additionally, a Bronze Age burnt mound was discovered in the area.
In his History of Birmingham, published in 1782, William Hutton describes the presence of three mounds adjacent to Chester Road on the extremities of Sutton Coldfield. The site, southwest of Bourne Pool, is called Loaches Banks and was mapped as early as 1752 by Dr. Wilks of Willenhall. Hutton interpreted the earthworks as a Saxon fortification but further archaeological work led Dr. Mike Hodder, now the Planning Archaeologist for Birmingham City Council, to believe that the site was an Iron Age hill-slope enclosure. Centuries of agriculture on the land has affected the visibility of the features, with the earthworks now only apparent in aerial photography. Further evidence of pre-Roman human habitation are preserved in Sutton Park. A major fire in the park in 1926 revealed six more mounds near Streetly Lane, excavations of which uncovered charred and cracked stones within them and pits below the two largest mounds. Although their date of origin is unknown, claims they were of Bronze Age origin were disproved.
The mounds are now covered in rough heathland. The area around Rowton's Well has been the source of many archaeological discoveries such as flint tools, in the 18th century, worked timbers were discovered near the well, suggesting a possible Iron Age timber trackway built across wet land, similar to others discovered elsewhere in the country. A burnt mound was discovered in New Hall Valley; the presence of Romans in the area is most visible in Sutton Park, where a 1.5-mile long preserved section of Icknield Street passes through. Whilst the road connects Gloucestershire to South Yorkshire, the road was important for connecting Metchley Fort in Edgbaston with Letocetum, now Wall, in Staffordshire; the road is most visible from near to the pedestrian gate on Thornhill Road, where the 8 m wide bank that formed the road surface is most prominent. Excavations at the road have showed that it was made from compacted gravel, never having a paved surface. Along each side are intermittent ditches, marked by Roman engineers, beyond these are hollows where gravel was excavated to make the road surface.
At least three Roman coins have been found along the course of Icknield Street through Sutton Park, as well as a Roman pottery kiln elsewhere in the town. Next to the Iron Age property at Langley Brook, the remains of a timber building and field system were discovered. Pottery recovered from this site was dated to the 2nd and 3rd century, indicating the presence of a Roman farmstead. Upon the Roman withdrawal from Britain to protect the Roman Empire on the continent in the 5th century, the area of Sutton Coldfield, still undeveloped, passed into the Anglo Saxon kingdom of Mercia, it is during this period that it is believed Sutton Coldfield may have originated as a hamlet, as a hunting lodge was built at Maney Hill for the purpose of the Mercian leaders. The outline of the deer park that it served is still visible within Sutton Park, with the ditch and bank boundary forming the western boundary of Holly Hurst crossing Keepers Valley, through the Lower Nuthurst and continuing on south of Blackroot Pool.
Due to the marshy ground at Blackroot Valley, a fence was constructed to contain the deer, the ditch and bank boundary commence again on the eastern side, on towards Holly Knoll. This became known as Sutton. Middleton is situated between the two. "Coldfi
Grace Academy, Solihull
Grace Academy is a non-selective co-educational secondary school within the English Academy programme, at Chelmsley Wood, West Midlands. It replaced the old Whitesmore School, it is a specialist Enterprise college. Grace Academy Solihull is constituted as registered charity under English law. In 2009 the school achieved average results for Key Stage 2 to Key Stage 4 but only 28% achieved 5 or more GCSEs grade C or above compared to a national average of 47.6%. On 20 August 2013 the school was among those named by The Independent newspaper and the British Humanist Association as adopting a policy similar in wording to the repealed anti-gay legislation Section 28; the school is sponsored by Grace Foundation, a charity whose objects are "to advance for the public benefit education in the United Kingdom by promoting the establishment, carrying on, management and development of schools with a Christian ethos and in accordance with Christian principles". Grace Foundation is endowed by Bob Edmiston and founder of the evangelical international charity Christian Vision, a governor of Grace Academy.
Grace Academy Grace Academy List of schools in Solihull