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Foreign relations of Albania

The foreign relations of Albania are its relations with other governments and peoples. Foreign relations are conducted through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana; the current minister is de jure Prime Minister Edi Rama due to president Ilir Meta's rejection of the role to be held by the de facto minister, Gent Cakaj, a result of'a lack of experience' from the latter. Albania is a sovereign country in Southern Europe, the Mediterranean that declared its independence on 28 November 1912, its foreign policy, has maintained a policy of complementarism by trying to have friendly relations with all countries. Since the collapse of Communism in 1990, Albania has extended its responsibilities and position in European and international affairs and establishing friendly relations with other nations around the world; the main factors defining Albanian foreign policy consist of geopolitical location, economic crisis, ties with Albanian diaspora throughout the world. Albania entertains diplomatic relations with 115 countries in the world.

It maintains strong diplomatic relations with the Balkan countries, China, Germany, Israel, South Korea, the United Kingdom, the United States. The main objectives of the Albanian foreign policy are, the Accession of Albania to the European Union, the International recognition of Kosovo, the recognition of Expulsion of Cham Albanians and protecting of the rights the Albanians in Montenegro, Greece, southern Serbia and the Albanian diaspora; the government of Albania was concerned with the developments in neighboring Kosovo in the post-Dayton agreement period. During the Kosovo War in 1999 as well as the ethnic cleansing of Albanians by Serbs alongside the subsequent refugee influx into the country, Albania's status as an ally of the United States was confirmed. Albania emerged as being supportive of the United States; the support for the United States has remained high at 95% in Muslim majority Albania in contrast to the rest of the Islamic world. During the post-cold war, geo-political complexities and conflicts in the Balkans, made Albania seek a protector power with Turkey, a NATO member.

During the 1990s, state relations between Albania and Turkey were marked by high level visits, military agreements and the deployment of Turkish soldiers. An Albanian-Turkish military cooperation agreement was signed on 29 July 1992; the military agreement entailed education and training of personnel, bilateral cooperation in weapons production, joint military exercises, the exchange of military delegations and joint commissions on expanding further military ties into the future. The agreement encompassed rebuilding Albania's Pasha Liman Base in the Bay of Vlorë on the Ionian sea by Turkey, in return for granting Turkey's access and use. Turkey has trained the Albanian Armed Forces, in particular officers and commando units. During civil war in 1997, Turkey alongside other countries, participated in Operation Alba by providing a brigade of 800 Turkish troops to restore order and its involvement served as a stabilising force. Turkey considers its friendship with Albania as important due to the context of state relations with Greece and through policy have exploited difficulties arising in Albanian-Greek relations.

Having a powerful ally in Turkey has suited Albania at times regarding difficult interstate relations with Greece. Albania's emergence in the Balkans as a key NATO partner contributed to good and stronger Albanian-Turkish relations, in particular relating to military matters; the military alliance during the 1990s between Turkey and Albania was aimed against Serbia in case a war over Kosovo had a wider regional spread. Greece has expressed concerns regarding Turkish relations with Albania and interpreted them as an anti-Greek measure to isolate Greece within the wider context of Albania being a potential outlet for expanding Muslim influence and Turkey allying with Muslim populations in the Balkans. Turkey on the other hand claimed Greece increased tensions within the region and conveyed concerns relating to Albanian and Greek polemics with Ankara expressing a partial bias on Albania's side angering the Greeks. Greece, aware of Albanian-Turkish military agreements denounced Turkey's interference in Greek affairs.

Though not considered in Turkey as a rival within Albania, during the unrest of 1997 Greece was able to become an influential actor in Albania and the early period of the Kosovo crisis when Albanian officials looked to Greece for assistance. The resumption of closer Albanian-Turkish relations ensured during the Kosovo crisis that made both countries act along the same policy lines toward Slobodan Milošević and the issue of Greater Serbia. Turkey supported Albania's membership to become part of NATO. Military cooperation between Albania and Turkey is viewed by NATO as a stabilising factor within the volatile region of the Balkans. Albania has come to depend on Turkish assistance and a high amount of military security. Turkey remains for Albania an important military ally alongside the U. S. Through its military personnel Turkey continues to train Albanian armed forces and to provide assistance in logistics and modernisation efforts of the Albanian military. Radar systems for the surveillance of Albanian airspace in addition to telecommunication equipment have been supplied by Turkey to Albania.

Albania receives Turkish assistance for police training. Turkey has continuously supported Albania from the 1990s on EU related matters as both countries view EU membership as an eventual final goal and common objective. State relations of Albania with Turkey are friendly and close, due to maintenance of close links with the Albanian diaspora in Turkey and st


The simians or anthropoids or higher primates are an infraorder of primates containing the parvorders Platyrrhini and Catarrhini, which consists of the superfamilies Cercopithecoidea and Hominoidea. The simians are sister to the tarsiers; the radiation occurred about 60 million years ago. 40 million years ago, simians from Afro-Arabia colonized South America, giving rise to the New World monkeys. The remaining simians split 25 million years ago into Old World apes. In earlier classification, New World and Old World monkeys and humans – collectively known as simians or anthropoids – were grouped under Anthropoidea, while the strepsirrhines and tarsiers were grouped under the suborder "Prosimii". Under modern classification, the tarsiers and simians are grouped under the suborder Haplorhini while the strepsirrhines are placed in suborder Strepsirrhini. Strong genetic evidence for this is that five SINEs are common to all Haplorhines whilst absent in Strepsirrhines - one being coincidental between tarsiers and simians would be quite unlikely.

Despite this preferred taxonomic division, prosimian is still found in textbooks and the academic literature because of familiarity, a condition likened to the use of the metric system in the sciences and the use of customary units elsewhere in the United States. In Anthropoidea, evidence indicates that the Old World and New World primates went through parallel evolution. Primatology, paleoanthropology, other related fields are split on their usage of the synonymous infraorder names and Anthropoidea. According to Robert Hoffstetter, the term Simiiformes has priority over Anthropoidea because of the taxonomic term Simii by van der Hoeven, from which it is constructed, dates to 1833. In contrast, Anthropoidea by Mivart dates to 1864, while Simiiformes by Haeckel dates to 1866, leading to counterclaims of priority. Hoffstetter argued that Simiiformes is constructed like a proper infraorder name, whereas Anthropoidea ends in -oidea, reserved for superfamilies, he noted that Anthropoidea is too confused with "anthropoïdes", which translates to "apes" from several languages.

Extant simians are split into three distinct groups. The New World monkeys in parvorder Platyrrhini split from the rest of the simian line about 40 mya, leaving the parvorder Catarrhini occupying the Old World; this group split about 25 mya between the apes. There are some lines of extinct simian, either placed into Eosimiidae and sometimes in Amphipithecidae, thought to originate in the Early Oligocene. Additionally, Phileosimias is sometimes placed in the Eosimiidae and sometimes categorised separately; the following is the listing of the various simian families, their placement in the order Primates: Order Primates Suborder Strepsirrhini: non-tarsier prosimians Suborder Haplorhini: tarsiers + monkeys, including apes Infraorder Tarsiiformes Infraorder Simiiformes Parvorder Platyrrhini: New World monkeys Family Callitrichidae: marmosets and tamarins Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys Family Pitheciidae: titis and uakaris Family Atelidae: howler and woolly monkeys Parvorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae Superfamily Hominoidea Family Hylobatidae: gibbons Family Hominidae: great apes, including humans †Amphipithecidae †Eosimiidae †AseanpithecusBelow is a cladogram with some of the extinct simian species with the more modern species emerging within the Eosimiidae.

The Simians originated in Asia. It is indicated how many million years ago the clades diverged into newer clades; the Ekgmowechashalidae are considered to be Strepsirrhini, not Haplorhini. A 2018 study places Eosimiidae as a sister to the crown haplorhini. In a section of their 2010 assessment of the evolution of anthropoids entitled'What Is An Anthropoid', Williams and Kirk set out a list of biological features that are common to all or most anthropoids, including genetic similarities, similarities in eye location and the muscles close to the eyes, internal similarities between ears, dental similarities, similarities on foot bone structure. Simia, Carl Linnaeus's original classification of these primates. BioMed Central Full text Gene conversion and purifying selection of a placenta-specific ERV-V envelope gene during simian evolution ADW Simiiformes Classification Taxonomy browser Late middle Eocene epoch of Libya yields earliest known radiation of African anthropoids Mouse-Sized Primates Shed Light on Human Origins

2014 Tianjin Open

The 2014 Tianjin Open was a professional tennis tournament played on hard courts. It was the 1st edition of the tournament, part of the 2014 WTA Tour, it took place in Tianjin, China between 6 and 12 October 2014. 1 Qualifiers prize money is the Round of 32 prize money* per team 1 Rankings are as of September 29, 2014 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Liu Fangzhou Francesca Schiavone Wu Ho-chingThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Lyudmyla Kichenok Nadiia Kichenok Elizaveta Kulichkova Shahar Pe'er Before the tournament Daniela Hantuchová Johanna Konta Yaroslava Shvedova Lesia Tsurenko Yanina Wickmayer Aleksandra Wozniak Vera ZvonarevaDuring the tournament Romina Oprandi Peng Shuai 1 Rankings are as of September 29, 2014 During the tournament Romina Oprandi Alison Riske def. Belinda Bencic, 6–3, 6–4 Alla Kudryavtseva / Anastasia Rodionova def. Sorana Cîrstea / Andreja Klepač, 6–7, 6–2, Official website

1944 Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection

This article lists those who were potential candidates for the Republican nomination for Vice President of the United States in the 1944 election. At the start of the 1944 Republican National Convention, New York Governor Thomas Dewey seemed like the presidential nominee, but his nomination was not assured due to strong support for Ohio Governor John W. Bricker and former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen. Though Dewey wanted California Governor Earl Warren as his running mate, Warren was convinced that Franklin D. Roosevelt would win re-election, refused to be anyone's running mate; some Republicans wanted to ask Democratic Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia to be the Republican running mate in order to pursue the Southern vote, but this possibility was not pursued. Dewey and his advisers instead worked out a deal in which Bricker's delegates voted for Dewey in the presidential ballot, Dewey in return chose Bricker as his running mate; the Dewey-Bricker ticket, which balanced the moderate Northeastern and conservative Midwestern wings of the party, was ratified by the Republican convention.

The ticket lost the 1944 presidential election to the ticket of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman. Ohio Governor John W. Bricker California Governor Earl Warren Illinois Representative Everett Dirksen Illinois Governor Dwight H. Green Nebraska Governor Dwight Griswold Massachusetts Governor Leverett Saltonstall 1944 Republican National Convention

1951 Masters Tournament

The 1951 Masters Tournament was the 15th Masters Tournament, held April 5–8 at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia. Ben Hogan, age 38, won the first of his two Masters titles, two strokes ahead of runner-up Skee Riegel, it was the fifth of his nine major titles. After three rounds, Hogan was one stroke out of the lead, behind Riegel and Sam Snead, the 1949 champion. Hogan shot a bogey-free final round of 68, while Riegel carded a 71 and Snead an 80. Prior to this victory, Hogan had eight top ten finishes at the Masters, twice as runner-up in 1942 and 1946; the reigning U. S. Open champion, Hogan won the year's next major, the 1951 U. S. Open. With high attendance of about 15,000 on Sunday, a fifty percent bonus for the prize money was declared, boosting the purse to $15,000 and the winner's share to $3,000; the Masters did not have a 36-hole cut until 1957 Thursday, April 5, 1951 Source: Friday, April 6, 1951 Source: Saturday, April 7, 1951 Source: Sunday, April 8, 1951 Source: Final round Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par Source: – past winners and results – 1951 Masters – 1951 Masters leaderboard and scorecards

Concord, Missouri

Concord is a census-designated place in St. Louis County, United States; the population was 16,421 at the 2010 census. It should not be confused with Concord Village. Concord is located at 38°30′52″N 90°21′13″W; the CDP is shaped like a figure 8, with the southern loop larger and more rounded than the angular northern loop. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.5 square miles, all land. Concord is bounded by highways—by Interstate 255, U. S. Route 67, Route 21, Route 30. Interstate 270 bisects the CDP's southern node. Sappington CDP Grantwood Village Affton CDP Lakeshire Green Park Mehlville CDP As of the census of 2000, there were 16,689 people, 6,926 households, 5,000 families living in the CDP; the population density was 3,027.0 people per square mile. There were 7,079 housing units at an average density of 1,283.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.95% White, 0.31% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 0.57% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population. There were 6,926 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $55,275, the median income for a family was $64,155. Males had a median income of $47,975 versus $31,675 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $26,933. About 1.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

Most of Concord lies in the 63128 ZIP code. Concord contains land in the Lindbergh School District in the north and the Mehlville School District in the south, although only a few schools are located inside Concord itself. Lindbergh's Sperreng Middle School is located in Sappington CDP. All residents of the Lindbergh district are zoned to Lindbergh High School