Foreign relations of El Salvador

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El Salvador is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Common Market (CACM), the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN), and the Central American Integration System (SICA), it actively participates in the Central American Security Commission (CASC), which seeks to promote regional arms control.

In November, 1950 El Salvador helped the newly empowered 14th Dalai Lama by supporting his Tibetan Government cabinet minister's telegram requesting an appeal before the General Assembly of the United Nations to stop the Communist China's People's Liberation Army's invasion of Tibet.[2]

El Salvador also is a member of the World Trade Organization and is pursuing regional free trade agreements. An active participant in the Summit of the Americas process, El Salvador chairs a working group on market access under the Free Trade Area of the Americas initiative.

El Salvador has joined its six Central American neighbors in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development, known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA or CONCAUSA to promote sustainable economic development in the region.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Egypt
  • Egypt has an interest section in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador does not have an accreditation to Egypt.
 Morocco
  • El Salvador is accredited to Morocco from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
  • Morocco is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 31 July 1989

El Salvador recognized the SADR on July 31, 1989. On April 1997, El Salvador cancelled relations with the SADR. On June 2009, and during a visit of SADR's president, Mohamed Abdelaziz, relations were restored. On November 30, 2010, the SADR and El Salvador upgrade their relations to ambassadorial level.[3]

 South Africa
  • El Salvador is accredited to South Africa from its embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel.
  • South Africa is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.

Americas[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina
 Belize
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1982 or 1985.[4]
  • Both countries are full members of the Organization of American States.
  • Belize has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Belmopan.
 Bolivia
  • Bolivia is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in La Paz.
 Brazil
  • Brazil has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Brasília.
 Canada 29 December 1961 See Canada–El Salvador relations
 Chile
  • Chile has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Santiago.
 Colombia
  • Colombia has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Bogotá.
 Costa Rica
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in San José.
 Cuba

Cuba and El Salvador have resumed diplomatic relations on June 1, 2009. El Salvador previously suspended diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961 due to the Cuban Revolution;[6] the diplomatic ties have started after El Salvador's new president Mauricio Funes has been sworn into office, and pledged to re-establish diplomatic relations with Cuba. El Salvador is also the very last Latin American nation to do so.[citation needed]

  • Cuba has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Havana.
 Dominican Republic
  • Dominican Republic has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Santo Domingo.
 Ecuador
  • Ecuador has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Quito.
 Guatemala
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Guyana 1 May 1992
 Haiti
  • El Salvador is accredited to Haiti from its embassy in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • Haiti is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
 Honduras

In July 1969, El Salvador and Honduras fought the 100-hour Football War over disputed border areas and friction resulting from the 300,000 Salvadorans who had emigrated to Honduras in search of land and employment; the catalyst was nationalistic feelings aroused by a series of soccer matches between the two countries. The two countries formally signed a peace treaty on October 30, 1980, which put the border dispute before the International Court of Justice.

In September 1992, the court issued a 400-page ruling, awarding much of the disputed land to Honduras. Although there have been tensions between citizens on both sides of the border, the two countries have worked to maintain stability and signed an agreement in November 1996 to establish a framework for negotiating the final disposition of citizens and property in the affected areas. El Salvador and Honduras share normal diplomatic and trade relations.

The Honduras-El Salvador Border Protocol ratified by Honduras in May 1999 established a framework for a long-delayed border demarcation, which is currently underway; with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, the International Court of Justice referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required.

 Mexico 1838 See El Salvador–Mexico relations

Diplomatic relations between Mexico and El Salvador were established in 1838.

 Nicaragua
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Managua.
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Panama
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Panama City.
  • Panama has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Paraguay
  • El Salvador is accredited to Paraguay from its embassy in Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Paraguay is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Bogotá, Colombia.
 Peru
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Trinidad and Tobago
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
 United States See El Salvador–United States relations

U.S. policy towards the country promotes the strengthening of El Salvador's democratic institutions, rule of law, judicial reform, and civilian police; national reconciliation and reconstruction; and economic opportunity and growth. El Salvador has been a committed member of the coalition of nations fighting against terrorism and has sent 10 rotations of troops to support the Iraq War.  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://www.state.gov/countries-areas/ (U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets).[10]

  • El Salvador has an embassy in Washington, D.C. and has several consulates-general scattered about the country.[11]
  • United States has an embassy in San Salvador.[12]
 Uruguay See El Salvador–Uruguay relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Venezuela
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in San Salvador.

Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 22 March 1999
  • Armenia does not have an accreditation in El Salvador.
  • El Salvador does not have an accreditation to Armenia.
 China 21 August 2018

On August 21, China's State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi held talks with El Salvador Foreign Minister Carlos Castaneda and signed a joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations, deciding to recognize each other and establish diplomatic relations at an ambassadorial level from the date of the communique's signing; the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan has preemptively severed diplomatic ties with El Salvador.[13]

  • China has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has not yet opened an embassy in Beijing.
 India See El Salvador–India relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in New Delhi[14]
  • India is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
 Israel
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Tel Aviv.
  • Israel is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
 Japan
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Palestine May 2013 See El Salvador–Palestine relations

El Salvador, which is home to a sizable ethnic Palestinian community, was widely expected to join the succession of South American governments that recognised Palestine in the end of 2010.[15] In May 2011, members of the country's Legislative Assembly including its president Sigfrido Reyes presented a proposal to the Cabinet to issue a statement formally recognising the State of Palestine.[16][17]

The Central American Integration System (SICA) was expected to adopt a co-ordinated position on the issue at its summit in San Salvador on 18 August.[18] However, El Salvador, as the nation presiding over the summit, refused to include the matter on the official agenda,[19] insisting that discussion should retain a regional focus.[20] Despite this, the government officially recognised the Palestinian state on 25 August 2011.[21]

  • El Salvador conducts relations with Palestine from its embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel and maintains an honorary consulate in Bethlehem.[22]
  • Palestine has an embassy in San Salvador.[23]
  • See also Palestinian Salvadoran
 Qatar
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Doha.
  • Qatar has an embassy in San Salvador.
 South Korea 1962

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of El Salvador began on August 1962 and the number of the South Koreans living in El Salvador in 2013 was about 258.[24]

  • South Korea has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Seoul.
 Turkey
  • El Salvador is accredited to Turkey from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
  • Turkey is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Andorra 14 May 1998
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to El Salvador.
  • El Salvador is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Austria
  • Austria is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Vienna.
 Belgium
  • Belgium is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Panama City, Panama.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Brussels.
 France
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Paris.
  • France has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Germany
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Berlin.
  • Germany has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Greece
  • El Salvador is accredited to Greece from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • Greece is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
 Holy See
  • El Salvador has an embassy to the Holy See based in Rome.
  • Holy See has an Apostolic Nunciature in San Salvador.
 Italy
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Rome and a consulate-general in Milan.
  • Italy has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Kosovo 29 June 2013
  • El Salvador officially recognised Kosovo as an independent sovereign state on 29 June 2013.[25]
  • El Salvador and Kosovo established official diplomatic relations on 18 October 2014.[26]
 Netherlands
  • El Salvador has an embassy in The Hague.
  • Netherlands is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
 Poland
  • El Salvador is accredited to Poland from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
  • Poland is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Panama City, Panama.
 Portugal
  • El Salvador is accredited to Portugal from its embassy in Paris, France.
  • Portugal is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
 Russia 1992

El Salvador established diplomatic relation with Russia in 1992 after the end of the Salvadoran Civil War and after the end of the cold war. Russian Federation foreign minister Sergei Lavrov visited El Salvador and since then legislative visits of legislative even from anti-narcotics cooperation have been accomplished.[citation needed] El Salvador has benefited with the selling of Russian tractors and Russian vans.[citation needed]

  • El Salvador has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Managua, Nicaragua.
 Spain 24 June 1865 See El Salvador–Spain relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona.[27]
  • Spain has an embassy in San Salvador.[28]
 Sweden
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
 United Kingdom
  • El Salvador has an embassy in London.
  • United Kingdom has an embassy in San Salvador.

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia
  • Australia is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Canberra and a consulate-general in Melbourne.
 New Zealand
  • El Salvador is accredited to New Zealand from its embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • New Zealand is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico and maintains an honorary consulate in San Salvador.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://rree.gob.sv/autoridad/titulares/
  2. ^ Laird, Thomas (2006). The Story of Tibet:Conversations with His Holiness the Dalai Lama. New York: Grove Press. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802118271.
  3. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Government of Canada, Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada. "Embassy of Canada to El Salvador". GAC. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  6. ^ "El Salvador and Cuba reestablish diplomatic ties". Google.com. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ "Inicio". Embamex.sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Representación Diplomática y Consular de El Salvador en los Estados Unidos Mexicanos con sede en D.F. - Inicio". Embajadamexico.rree.gob.sv. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  10. ^ "El Salvador". State.gov. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Embajada de El Salvador en Washington D.C. - Inicio". Elsalvador.org. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Embassy of the United States in San Salvador (in English and Spanish)". Sansalvador.usembassy.gov. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  13. ^ 中国与萨尔瓦多建立外交关系 [China and El Salvador establish diplomatic ties]. CCTV network (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-08-21.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Embajada de El Salvador en India - Inicio". Embajadaindia.rree.gob.sv. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  15. ^ Luxner, Larry (22 November 2010). "Push for Diplomatic Recognition Creates Tricky Precedents, Strange Bedfellows". The Washington Diplomat. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  16. ^ Government of El Salvador (2 May 2011). "Iniciativa para reconocer a Palestina como Estado independiente". Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  17. ^ Government of El Salvador (6 May 2011). "Analizarán emitir pronunciamiento en apoyo a Palestina". Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  18. ^ Government of Honduras (2 August 2011). "Presidente Lobo Sosa pide de nuevo a empresarios tocarse el corazón" (in Spanish). Office of the President. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  19. ^ Staff writer (6 August 2011). "CARICOM-Palestine seeking CARICOM support for homeland". Caricom News Network. CSME Network News. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  20. ^ Medzini, Ronen (22 August 2011). "Central America 'battles' over PA's UN bid". Ynet News. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  21. ^ Government of El Salvador (25 August 2011). "El Salvador reconoce a Palestina como Estado libre, soberano e independiente" (in Spanish). Ministry of Exterior Relations. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  22. ^ Embajada salvadoreña lleva jornada móvil de servicios consulares a Belén (in Spanish)
  23. ^ Ministro Castaneda recibe copias de estilo de parte del embajador del Estado de Palestina (in Spanish)
  24. ^ "Countries and Regions > Latin America and Caribbean > List of the Countries". Mofa.go.kr. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Arrin nota verbale nga El Salvadori". Kosovo MFA. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  26. ^ "Republika e Kosovës vendos marrëdhëniet diplomatike me Republikën e El Salvadorit". Kosovo MFA. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  27. ^ "Embajada de El Salvador en España - Inicio". Embajadaespana.rree.gob.sv. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Páginas - Embajada de España en El Salvador". Exteriores.gob.es. Retrieved 4 October 2017.