Visa policy of El Salvador
Visitors to El Salvador must obtain a visa from one of the Salvadorean diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries. All visitors must hold a passport valid for 6 months. Holders of passports of the following 86 jurisdictions can visit El Salvador without a visa for up to 90 days: Visa exemption applies to residents of countries that are visa exempt as well as holders of a valid visa issued by Canada, the United States or a Schengen member state; this does not apply to nationals of Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh and Herzegovina, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Hong Kong, Iran, Jordan, Laos, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Syria, Timor-Leste and Yemen who can't obtain a visa on a simplified procedure but their application needs to be approved in El Salvador. Holders of diplomatic, official or service passports of Belarus, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Morocco, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Suriname, Thailand and Vietnam do not require a visa.
Transit without a visa is allowed for travellers who require a visa but are transiting within 48 hours and hold onward tickets. All visitors must obtain a tourist card upon arrival. Exempt are the visitors holding a valid visa issued by El Salvador and the citizens of the European Union / EEA, Chile, Costa Rica, Honduras, New Zealand, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, South Africa, Turkey and Tobago, Uruguay and Vatican City. Most visitors arriving to El Salvador for tourism purpose were from the following countries of nationality: Central America-4 Border Control Agreement Visa requirements for El Salvador citizens
2019 Salvadoran presidential election
Presidential elections were held in El Salvador on 3 February 2019, with voters electing a President and Vice President for a five-year term. With 90% of the votes counted, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal declared former San Salvador mayor Nayib Bukele of the Grand Alliance for National Unity the winner with over 53% of the total vote, avoiding the need for the second round, which had provisionally been scheduled for March. Upon his ascension to the presidency, Bukele will be the first President to not be from one of the two major parties since José Napoleón Duarte left office in 1989
Legislative Assembly of El Salvador
The Legislative Assembly is the legislative branch of the government of El Salvador. The Salvadoran legislature is a unicameral body, it is made up of 84 deputies, all of whom are elected by direct popular vote according to open-list proportional representation to serve three-year terms and are eligible for immediate re-election. Of these, 64 are elected in 14 multi-seat constituencies, corresponding to the country's 14 departments, which return between 3 and 16 deputies each; the remaining 20 deputies are selected on the basis of a single national constituency. To be eligible for election to the Assembly, candidates must be: Older than 25. Salvadoran citizens by birth, born of either a Salvadoran mother. Of recognised honesty and education. Not have had the enjoyment of their rights as citizens cancelled in the previous five years. El Salvador returns 20 deputies to the supranational Central American Parliament elected according to closed-list proportional representation from a single national constituency.
Politics of El Salvador List of legislatures by country List of presidents of the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador Official website
La Paz known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz named Chuqi Yapu in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. With an estimated 789,541 residents as of 2015, La Paz is the third-most populous city in Bolivia, its metropolitan area, formed by La Paz, El Alto and Viacha, makes up the most populous urban area in Bolivia, with a population of 2.3 million. It is the capital of the La Paz Department; the city, located in west-central Bolivia 68 km southeast of Lake Titicaca, is set in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River. It is located in a bowl-like depression surrounded by the high mountains of the Altiplano. Overlooking the city is the towering, triple-peaked Illimani, its peaks can be seen from many parts of the city. At an elevation of 3,650 m above sea level, La Paz is the highest capital city in the world. Due to its altitude, La Paz has an unusual subtropical highland climate, with rainy summers and dry winters. La Paz was founded on October 20, 1548 by the Spanish conquistador Captain Alonso de Mendoza at the site of the Inca settlement of Laja as a connecting point between the commercial routes that led from Potosí and Oruro to Lima.
The city was moved to its present location in the valley of Chuquiago Marka. La Paz was under Spanish colonial rule as part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, before Bolivia gained independence. Since its founding, the city was the site of numerous revolts. In 1781, the indigenous leader and independence activist Túpac Katari laid siege to the city for a total of six months, but was defeated. On July 16, 1809 the Bolivian patriot Pedro Domingo Murillo ignited a revolution for independence, marking the beginning of the Spanish American Wars of Independence, which gained the freedom of South American states in 1821; as the seat of the government of Bolivia, La Paz is the site of the Palacio Quemado, the presidential palace. It is the seat of the Bolivian legislature, the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, numerous government departments and agencies; the constitutional capital of Bolivia, retains the judicial power. The city hosts all the foreign embassies as well as international missions in the country.
La Paz is an important political, administrative and sports center of Bolivia. La Paz is an important cultural center of Latin America, as it hosts several landmarks belonging to the colonial times, such as the San Francisco Church, the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Plaza Murillo and the Jaén Street; the city is renowned for its unique markets the Witches' Market, for its vibrant nightlife. Its unusual topography offers unique views of the city and the surrounding mountains of the Cordillera Real from numerous natural viewing points. La Paz is home to the largest urban cable car network in the world. In May 2015, it was recognized as one of the New 7 Wonders Cities together with Beirut, Durban, Kuala Lumpur and Vigan. La Paz is listed on the Global Cities Index 2015, is considered a global city type "Gamma" by Globalization and World Cities Research Network; this area had been the site of an Inca city, located on a major trading route. Although the Spanish conquistadors entered the area in 1535, they did not found La Paz until 1548.
It was to be at the site of the Native American settlement, with the full name of the city being Nuestra Señora de La Paz. The name commemorated the restoration of peace following the insurrection of Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors four years earlier against Blasco Núñez Vela, the first viceroy of Peru; the town site was moved a few days to its present location in the valley of Chuquiago, more clement. Control over the former Inca lands had been entrusted to Pedro de la Gasca by the Spanish king Emperor Charles V. Gasca commanded Alonso de Mendoza to found a new city commemorating the end of the civil wars in Peru. In 1549, Juan Gutierrez Paniagua was commanded to design an urban plan that would designate sites for public areas, official buildings, a cathedral; these were meant to express the relationships of Spanish colonial society. La Plaza de los Españoles, known today as the Plaza Murillo, was chosen as the location for government buildings as well as the Metropolitan Cathedral.
Spain controlled La Paz with a firm grip and the Spanish king had the last word in all matters political, but consultation was extended, taking months or longer by sea. Indigenous and other unrest was repeated around the turn of the nineteenth century. In 1781, for a total of six months, a group of Aymara people laid siege to La Paz. Under the leadership of Tupac Katari, they destroyed churches and government property. Thirty years Indians conducted a two-month siege against La Paz; this incident was the setting for the origin of the legend of the Ekeko. In 1809 the struggle for independence from the Spanish rule brought uprisings against the royalist forces. On July 16, 1809 Pedro Domi
Outline of El Salvador
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to El Salvador: El Salvador – sovereign country located on the Pacific Coast of Central America. The area was called by the Pipil "Cuzhcatl", in Spanish "Cuzcatlan", which in Nahuatl means "The Land Of Precious Things". After the Spanish conquest, the land was baptized by Spanish conquistadors as "Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesucristo El Salvador Del Mundo", now abbreviated as "República de El Salvador"; the country borders the Pacific Ocean between Honduras. With a population of 5.8 million people, it is the most densely populated nation in Central America and is undergoing rapid industrialization. Pronunciation: Common English country name: El Salvador Official English country name: The Republic of El Salvador Common endonym: Official endonym: Adjectival: Salvadoran Demonym: Etymology: In the early sixteenth century, Spanish conquistadors named this region "Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesus Cristo, El Salvador Del Mundo", subsequently abbreviated to "El Salvador".
International rankings of El Salvador ISO country codes: SV, SLV, 222 ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:SV Internet country code top-level domain:.sv El Salvador is: a country Location: Northern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere Americas North America Middle America Central America Latin America Time zone: Central Standard Time Extreme points of El Salvador High: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m Low: North Pacific Ocean 0 m Land boundaries: 545 km Honduras 342 km Guatemala 203 kmCoastline: North Pacific Ocean 307 kmPopulation of El Salvador: 6,857,000 - 98th most populous country Area of El Salvador: 21,040 km2 Atlas of El Salvador Climate of El Salvador Wildlife of El Salvador Fauna of El Salvador Birds of El Salvador Mammals of El Salvador Islands of El Salvador Mountains of El Salvador Volcanoes in El Salvador Rivers of El Salvador World Heritage Sites in El Salvador El Salvador is divided into 14 Departments. Their names, are: AH Ahuachapán CA Cabañas CH Chalatenango CU Cuscatlán LI La Libertad PA La Paz UN La Unión MO Morazán SM San Miguel SS San Salvador SV San Vicente SA Santa Ana SO Sonsonate US Usulután Municipalities of El Salvador Capital of El Salvador: San Salvador Cities of El Salvador Demographics of El Salvador Politics of El Salvador Form of government: presidential representative democratic republic Capital of El Salvador: San Salvador Elections in El Salvador Political parties in El Salvador Government of El Salvador Head of state: President of El Salvador, Head of government: Prime Minister of El Salvador, Cabinet of El Salvador Legislative Assembly of El Salvador Court system of El Salvador Supreme Court of El Salvador Foreign relations of El Salvador Diplomatic missions in El Salvador Diplomatic missions of El Salvador The Republic of El Salvador is a member of: Constitution of El Salvador Crime in El Salvador Illegal drug trade in El Salvador Human rights in El Salvador (see Category:Human rights in El Salvador Abortion in El Salvador LGBT rights in El Salvador Law enforcement in El Salvador Military of El Salvador Command Commander-in-chief: Armed Forces of El Salvador Army of El Salvador Navy of El Salvador Air Force of El Salvador History of El Salvador Culture of El Salvador Cuisine of El Salvador Languages of El Salvador National symbols of El Salvador Coat of arms of El Salvador Flag of El Salvador National anthem of El Salvador Prostitution in El Salvador Religion in El Salvador Buddhism in El Salvador Christianity in El Salvador Islam in El Salvador Judaism in El Salvador World Heritage Sites in El Salvador Literature of El Salvador Music of El Salvador Baseball in El Salvador El Salvador national baseball team Cricket in El Salvador El Salvador national cricket team Football in El Salvador El Salvador national beach soccer team El Salvador national football team El Salvador national football team season 2009 El Salvador national football team season 2010 El Salvador national football team kit El Salvador national under-17 football team El Salvador national under-20 football team El Salvador national under-21 football team El Salvador national under-23 football team El Salvador women's national football team Rugby League in El Salvador El Salvador national rugby league team Rugby Union in El Salvador El Salvador national rugby union team El Salvador at the Olympics El Salvador at the 1968 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 1972 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 1984 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 1988 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 1992 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 1996 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 2000 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 2004 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the 2008 Summer Olympics El Salvador at the Pan American Games El Salvador at the 2003 Pan American Games El Salvador at the 2007 Pan American Games El Salvador at the 2011 Pan American Games El Salvador at the Paralympics El Salvador at the 2008 Summer Paralympics El Salvador at the 2006 FEI World Equestrian Games El Salvador at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics El Salvador at the 2010 Central American and Caribbean Games El Salvador at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics Economy of El Salvador Economic rank, by nominal GDP: 93rd Agriculture in El Salvador Coffee production in El Salvador Banking in El Salvador Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador Communications in El Salvador Internet i
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization, tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi and The Hague; the organization is financed by voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law; the UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; the UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, adopted on 25 June 1945 in the San Francisco Opera House, signed on 26 June 1945 in the Herbst Theatre auditorium in the Veterans War Memorial Building. This charter took effect on 24 October 1945; the UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades during the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted of unarmed military observers and armed troops with monitoring and confidence-building roles; the organization's membership grew following widespread decolonization which started in the 1960s. Since 80 former colonies had gained independence, including 11 trust territories, which were monitored by the Trusteeship Council. By the 1970s its budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks.
The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly. The UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, UNICEF; the UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office held by Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres since 1 January 2017. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work; the organization, its officers and its agencies have won many Nobel Peace Prizes. Other evaluations of the UN's effectiveness have been mixed; some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called the organization ineffective, biased, or corrupt. In the century prior to the UN's creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross was formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife.
In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world. President Woodrow Wilson became a vocal advocate of this concept, in 1918 he included a sketch of the international body in his 14-point proposal to end the war. In November 1918, the Central Powers agreed to an armistice to halt the killing in World War I. Two months the Allies met with Germany and Austria-Hungary at Versailles to hammer out formal peace terms. President Wilson wanted peace, but the United Kingdom and France disagreed, forcing harsh war reparations on their former enemies; the League of Nations was approved, in the summer of 1919 Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles and the Covenant of the League of Nations to the US Senate for ratification.
On January 10, 1920, the League of Nations formally comes into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, takes effect. However, at some point the League became ineffective when it failed to act against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria as in February 1933, 40 nations voted for Japan to withdraw from Manchuria but Japan voted against it and walked out of the League instead of withdrawing from Manchuria, it failed against the Second Italo-Ethiopian War despite trying to talk to Benito Mussolini as he used the time to send an army to Africa, so the League had a plan for Mussolini to just take a part of Ethiopia, but he ignored the League and invaded Ethiopia, the League tried putting sanctions on Italy, but Italy had conquered Ethiopia and the League had failed. After Italy conquered Ethiopia and other nations left the league, but all of them realised that they began to re-arm as fast as possible. During 1938, Britain and France tried negotiating directly with Hitler but this failed in 1939 when Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia.
When war broke out in 1939, the League closed down and its headquarters in Geneva remained empty throughout the war. The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization began under the aegis of the U. S. State Department in 1939; the text of the "Declaration by United Nations" was drafted at the White House on December 29, 1941, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Roosevelt aide Harry Hopkins
2009 Salvadoran presidential election
A presidential election was held in El Salvador on 15 March 2009. The main candidates were Mauricio Funes. Funes became the first leftist president of El Salvador. A poll from mid September 2008 gave Funes 29.2% and Ávila 26.1%, while Tomás Chévez got 1.9%. However, a poll from late September gave Funes 47.4% to 23.8% for Ávila. This latter poll showing Funes with a large lead is more consistent with polling from previous months. Polls from 2008 showed a tightening race between Funes and Ávila, with Funes retaining the lead; the Christian Democratic Party had nominated Carlos Rivas Zamora and Merlin Peña, but withdrew the nominations on 2 February 2009 after it became apparent that they would have little chance of winning the election. The PDC did not voice support for one of the other candidates. In the same direction, the PCN, which had nominated Luis Tomás Chévez withdrew its candidate a couple days later. FMLN won the election with 51.3% of the vote, while ARENA received 48.7%, marking the first time ARENA had lost a presidential election in 20 years.
Of the election, Funes said, "This is the happiest night of my life, I want it to be the night of El Salvador's greatest hope. I want to thank all the people who voted for me and chose that path of hope and change." Ávila conceded defeat, saying that he and his party "will be a constructive opposition." An observation team from the Organization of American States said that the elections were held without any major incidents, although there were claims of Hondurans voting at a voting center in Torola, Morazán. Several governments said that they looked forward to working with the new government, including Taiwan and the United States