click links in text for more info

Foreign relations of Honduras

Honduras is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Central American Parliament, the Central American Integration System, the Central American Security Commission. During 1995-96, Honduras, a founding member of the United Nations, for the first time served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Honduras is a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military. President Flores consulted with the other Central American presidents on issues of mutual interest, he continued his predecessor's strong emphasis on Central American cooperation and integration, which resulted in an agreement easing border controls and tariffs among Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador. Honduras joined its six Central American neighbors at the 1994 Summit of the Americas in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development, known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA, or CONCAUSA, to promote sustainable economic development in the region.

Honduras held the 6-month SICA presidency during the second half of 1998. At the 17th Central American Summit in 1995, hosted by Honduras in the northern city of San Pedro Sula, the region's six countries signed treaties creating confidence- and security-building measures and combating the smuggling of stolen automobiles in the isthmus. In subsequent summits, Honduras has continued to work with the other Central American countries on issues of common concern. Honduras is a transshipment point for narcotics. Parts of this article are based on text from the CIA World Factbook. List of diplomatic missions in Honduras List of diplomatic missions of Honduras

The Northern Club

The Northern Club is a private members club in Auckland, New Zealand. Founded in 1869, today it has more than 2000 members, drawn from the city's professional and business community; the club's main building is designated as a Category I historic building by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust. The Northern Club was founded by a group of prominent professional and business men in 1867 when the idea of gentlemen's clubs was at its peak throughout the British Empire; the club's founders, with remarkable foresight, agreed to purchase a handsome quarrystone building overlooking Albert Barracks in Princes Street. The four-storey building, a high-rise in its own time, was designed as a hotel and was built on the first section sold at Auckland's inaugural land sale in 1841. Following the purchase, architect Edward Ramsey was commissioned to rearrange the hotel's internal rooms for use by the club's 120 founding members. In 1991, the club today has a thriving membership of both men and women. Membership of the Northern Club attracted many leaders of the Auckland community, the club has played an active and sometimes pivotal role in the history of New Zealand's largest city.

In 2010, the Northern Club absorbed the Auckland Club, adding over NZ$3 million in assets to the club, some 250 members. The Northern Club Building has a long history of association with the Auckland's social elite. Built in 1867 as the Royal Hotel, it became a gentlemen's club two years later. Designed by Edward Mahoney, the three-storeyed building was located in a prestigious part of the settlement, close to the former Government House and provincial council, it was erected in a fashionable Italianate style, the brick structure being rendered externally to appear masonry-built. As the Royal, it replaced a timber structure of the same name and gained a reputation as the grandest establishment in town. Early tenants included the provincial government, which rented rooms as offices, the Auckland Institute and Museum, while part of the first floor was a British army officers' mess used by soldiers from the nearby Albert Barracks; the Northern Club purchased the building in 1869. Gentlemen's clubs developed in nineteenth-century Britain, enabling social and business networks to be maintained.

Early members of the club included a future Prime Minister, Julius Vogel, prominent businessmen such as Thomas Russell and David Nathan. Governors of the colony were among those invited as guests, reinforcing the exclusivity of the organisation; the club refurbished the interior, in the process reinforced social divisions through the building's layout. Service rooms for employees were located in the basement and members' reception rooms on the ground floor, while personal servants were not allowed in the upper chambers, although exceptions were made for governors. Expansion to the facilities occurred during periods of economic boom. A new dining room and fifteen bedrooms were constructed at the rear of the building in 1883–1884, accommodation for residential staff was added in the 1920s. Male in its membership for over 120 years, facilities for women were introduced only gradually; the first female member was admitted in 1990, shortly after the earliest woman after-dinner speaker, the Minister of Finance Ruth Richardson, who addressed the club in 1989.

The Northern Club Building is significant as one of the oldest surviving clubs in Auckland, one of the city's oldest hotels. It has strong links to early colonial institutions such as the provincial government and British army, as well as prominent individuals in New Zealand history, it is the earliest building in the historic Princes Street streetscape, with significant landmark qualities that include its distinctive cover of Virginia Creeper, planted in 1927. Official website Photographs of the Northern Club held in Auckland Libraries' heritage collections


Gortin is a village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is ten miles north of Omagh in the valley of the Owenkillew river, overlooked by the Sperrins, it had a population of 360 at the 2001 Census. In the 1840s Gortin was in the barony of Strabane, its 410 inhabitants lived in 81 houses indifferently built and so placed as to form one irregular street. A writer at the time described the surrounding scenery, though bold, as "generally destitute of beauty from the want of wood, found only at Beltrim, a residence surrounded by young and thriving plantations". A court baron for the manor of Eliston, in which debts to the amount of 40 shillings was recoverable was held on the first Tuesday of each month and petty sessions were held once a month; the fair was held on the first Wednesday of each month and a pleasure fair was held each Easter Monday. Gortin, as well as a large area of country surrounding the village and is called Beltrim Castle, was the residence of the Hamilton family.

The present castle is a modern building and the only part of the original castle which remains standing is a gable wall which at present no part of the modern building. The landlord built two Protestant churches on the estate, so large that the landlord was able to ride around it on horseback in a day, he preserved the game. It was well known that if a tenant on the estate possessed a dog which could and did kill a hare and the story went to the landlord's ears, the tenant got orders to have the dog destroyed at once, if the tenant was not prepared to do so he got "notice to quit". There was a bailiff kept on the estate whose principal duty was the control of the bog for turf cutting, who as well as his other duties, kept an eye on the progress of the tenantry and if anyone of them reclaimed any land or otherwise improved his holdings, so that the tenant was able to produce a couple of extra stacks of oats, his rent was increased; the landlord served on the Grand jury, was a Magistrate, Chairman of the local petty sessions, Chairman of the local board of guardians, who supervised the local workhouse and was always able to "rule the roost" and everyone else connected with these bodies were "yes" men.

The workhouse was built in 1841 at a cost of 2,689 pounds to accommodate 200 paupers. It consisted of a main building about 200 yards in length and three stories high, together with a general hospital and a fever hospital as well as outhouses and stores etc, it is no longer in existence nor is the village distillery, in operation then. There was a police station: a parish church; the fever hospital still is now the Manse or residence of the Presbyterian minister. There is a graveyard at the southern end or gable of it containing 33 graves of people who died in it, or in the central hospital or in the workhouse. In the famine years porridge was distributed at the workhouse to any person who asked for it provided they had a utensil to carry it away. There was seed potatoes and oats and grass seed distributed, a fee was charged; when the end to these places came, the remaining inmates were transferred to Omagh, the workhouse and other buildings were sold. The Presbyterian Church bought the fever hospital and grounds, to be converted into a residence for their minister.

While all the knocking down and leveling of the site was taking place the Parish Priest had a home fitted up for himself, it was part of the workhouse. The Minister had about the same time moved into his and some strangers were told one day at that time, that religion was in a bad way about Gortin at present, for the Presbyterian minister was in the fever hospital and the Parish Priest was in the workhouse. There was a Tannery about 100 years ago, hides and skins were tanned from a substance obtained from the bark of oak trees; the oak bark was steeped in pits, built of stone and lime, are still traceable in a yard in the village. The leather made here was used for making harness for horses as well as boots and shoes, which were made locally. There was a company of Imperial yeomanry stationed here about 150 years ago, whose principle duty seemed to be of searching for illicit spirits or poteen; the yeomanry were supplied with a metal badge worn on their uniform about the same size as the badge worn by taxi drivers and had embossed on it the words, "Gortin Imperial Yeomanry".

The, used as their barracks has been rebuilt. It was the first house in Gortin to have two floors. There was a brewery here at one time, it has been closed for about 100 years and a story still exists that an Excise officer from Omagh paid a visit to it once and he was never seen afterwards. There were two bakeries in Gortin at one time and the owner of one of them was in the habit of hitching up of two horses to the same number of carts and going to Dublin for two loads of flour; each owner of the bakeries had a bread cart delivering bread over the country. There was a saw mill driven by a steam engine with the assistance of a windmill which supplied power to a mill, for grinding Indian corn into meal and crushing oats, for printing. There was an ordinary corn mill for grinding oats into meal. A stream of water or burn which runs through the village supplied the brewery with water as well as the saw mill and the two other mills. There was no other power at the time; these mills are now derelict.

Up to about 80 ye

Susi Earnshaw Theatre School

The Susi Earnshaw Theatre School is a full-time private school specialising Academic and Performing Arts School in Barnet, North London. The school was established in 1989 by former actress and journalist Susi Earnshaw and her husband David Earnshaw,David Earnshaw was a producer and session musician; the school was founded in 1989 as a part-time performing arts school, before becoming a full-time academic and performing arts secondary educational establishment. The Bull Theatre in Barnet is now home to the full-time school and its Saturday School, along with the long established Susi Earnshaw Management television film and live entertainment agency. Pupils gain entry to the full-time school through auditions in drama, singing and a personal interview. Famous past pupils of the school include six time Grammy Award winner Amy Winehouse, musical theatre star Alexia Khadime who played the role of Nala in the West End production of The Lion King, in 2008, she became the first black female to play the role of Elphaba in the West End show Wicked, Amie Atkinson voted BBC Radio Musical Theatre Voice of The Year 2007, Jay Asforis of Simon Fuller group S Club 8, R&B Star Keisha White, Daniel Roche whom starred in BBC1 sitcom Outnumbered.

Other current pupils like Jack Hamshere are starring in the West End production of Oliver!, Tyler McLean is starring in Michael Jackson's Thriller Live. The Susi Earnshaw Theatre School Susi Earnshaw Management The Bull Theatre

July 1903

The following events occurred in July 1903: The first Tour de France bicycle race, sponsored by the French newspaper L'Auto in an effort to boost sales, is launched from the Café au Réveil-Matin in Paris. The metre gauge section of the Rhaetian Railway in Switzerland opens, passing through the 1,370-metre-high Albula Tunnel in the Alps; the 1903 Wimbledon Championships draws to a close, with Laurence Doherty emerging as Men's Singles champion and Dorothea Douglass as Ladies' Singles champion. Raymond, Alberta, is incorporated as a town in Canada's North-West Territories. Born: Amy Johnson, English aviator, in Hull Under the Cuban–American Treaty of Relations, signed in May 1903, a second lease on Guantánamo Bay is signed by the U. S. and Cuba, as a result of which the U. S. will send a payment to the Cuban government each year in return for permission to use the land as a coaling and naval station. The 1903 Gordon Bennett Cup motor race is held at the Athy Circuit in Ireland and is won by Camille Jenatzy of Belgium.

Born: Alec Douglas-Home, British politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1963–64, in London. Born: Hugo Theorell, Swedish scientist and Nobel laureate, in Linköping French writer Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen is arrested on suspicion of indecent behaviour with minors and offending the public decency. Born: O. E. Hasse, German film actor and director, in Obersitzko Born: Kenneth Clark, English art historian and broadcaster, in London Born: Adalberto Libera, Italian Modernist architect, in Trentino Died: James McNeill Whistler, 69, US painter US paddle steamer North Pacific loses its course in foggy conditions, strikes a rock off Marrowstone Island, Washington state, sinks; the inaugural Tour de France is won by France's Maurice Garin. King Edward VII of the United Kingdom makes his first visit to Ireland since becoming king in 1901. Died: Pope Leo XIII, 93, Italian prelate The first tropical cyclone of the Atlantic hurricane season develops northeast of the Samaná Peninsula of Dominican Republic.

The first Ford Model A automobile is sold to Chicago dentist Ernest Pfennig. In the by-election at Barnard Castle in the UK, brought about by the death of sitting Liberal MP, Sir Joseph Pease, Arthur Henderson takes the seat for Labour, becoming the first Labour candidate to win against both Liberal and Conservative opposition, only the fifth Labour MP in the House of Commons; the weekly magazine Truth is launched in Perth, Western Australia, under the editorship of John Norton. Argentina's soccer champions, Alumni Athletic Club, lose their first match in four years, the only one of the season, to Belgrano AC. Glasgow St Enoch rail accident: A Glasgow and South Western Railway train collides with buffer stops at St Enoch railway station, resulting in 17 deaths. Construction work begins on the Baghdad Railway in present-day Turkey. Born: Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, President 1974–75, in Kalamata'Died'.*Mathridom of sultan attahiru of mbormie on 27 julx 1903 @mbormi funakaye bajoga Gombe state 3 Idaho Springs miners' strike of 1903: Philip Fire, a striking union miner, dies in an attempt to dynamite the transformer house at the "Sun and Moon" mine.

An explosion at a United States Cartridge Company magazine in Tewksbury, United States, kills 22 employees and local residents. The 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party opens in Brussels, chaired by Lenin. Papal conclave, 1903: The Papal conclave brought about by the death of Pope Leo XIII begins at the Sistine Chapel, Apostolic Palace, in Rome, Italy

Otti Berger

Otti Berger was a textile artist and weaver. She was a student and teacher at the Bauhaus. Berger was born in Zmajevac in Austro-Hungarian Empire, she completed education at the Collegiate School for Girls in Vienna before enrolling in the Royal Academy of Arts and Crafts in Zagreb, now the Academy of Fine Arts, University of Zagreb. She continued her studies in Zagreb until 1926 before attending Bauhaus in Germany. There, Berger studied under László Moholy-Nagy, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, among others. Berger has been described as "one of the most talented students at the weaving workshop in Dessau." A core member of the experimental approach to textiles at the Bauhaus, Berger experimented with methodology and materials during the course of her studies at the Bauhaus to include plastic textiles intended for mass production. She applied for a patent for her textile designs which she called "Möbelstoff-Doppelgewebe" in 1932 and received it in 1934, she sold the rights to the Shriver Corporation.

Along with Anni Albers and Gunta Stölzl, Berger pushed back against the understanding of textiles as a feminine craft and utilized rhetoric used in photography and painting to describe her work. During her time in Dessau, she wrote a treatise on fabrics and the methodology of textile production, which stayed with Walter Gropius and was never published. Berger became a deputy to designer Lilly Reich in the textile workshop at Bauhaus, she began to create her own curriculum, acted as a mentor to younger Bauhaus students who carried on Bauhaus methods, including Paris-based weaver Zsuzsa Markos-Ney and Etel Fodor-Mittag, who became a hand weaver in South Africa. After spending a year teaching workshops under Lilly Reich, she opened up her own studio "otti berger atelier für textilien" in 1932, she developed and designed a number of fabrics. She received patents for two of those. Berger is the only designer from Bauhaus. Not allowed to work in Germany under Nazi rule because of her Jewish roots, Berger closed her company down in 1936.

Berger fled to London, where attempts to emigrate to United States to work with her fiancee Ludwig Hilberseimer and other Bauhaus professors failed. She wrote to László Moholy-Nagy, Naum Gabo, Walter Gropius, other friends trying to gain a teaching visa in 1937 but never acquired one. Berger was unable to find steady work in London, in part because she did not speak the language, but because she had impaired hearing, no social circle. Berger returned to Zmajevac in 1938 to help her family with her mother's poor health. From there, she was deported with her family to the Auschwitz concentration camp in April 1944, where she was murdered. Anni Albers Friedl Dicker-Brandeis Margaretha Reichardt Gunta Stölzl Ivana Tomljenović-Meller Otti Berger entry at the Art Institute of Chicago Otti Berger entry at Bauhaus Online Artwork by Otti Berger at the Metropolitan Museum of Art Biography and works at Baunet Photograph "Party at Otti Berger's" at the Getty Center Otti Berger research and related links on Aviva