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Foreign relations of Lithuania

Lithuania is a country on the south-eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, a member of the United Nations Organisation, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the World Trade Organisation. Lithuania maintains diplomatic relations with 182 states Lithuania became a member of the United Nations on 18 September 1991, is a signatory to a number of its organizations and other international agreements, it is a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, NATO and its adjunct North Atlantic Coordinating Council, the Council of Europe, the European Union. Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization on 31 May 2001. On 1 May 2004, Lithuania became one of the 28 Member States of the European Union; the EU activities affect different spheres of politics, from consumer rights to national defence matters. In the second half of 2013, Lithuania took presidency over the EU Council. Membership in the Union has strengthened the domestic economy, giving it access to the wide pan-European market.

Foreign direct investments in Lithuania are growing. The country is poised to become energy-independent; the accession to the Schengen space in 2007 has opened up possibilities for the free movement of both citizens and goods across 25 European states. Lithuania's citizens enjoy equal social guarantees while working, travelling, or studying at the Community's countries; the country now benefits from additional EU fund and programme funding in the field of education and science. As an EU citizen, every citizen of Lithuania has the guarantee of consular assistance of EU representative offices in countries where Lithuania has none. On 29 March 2004, Lithuania became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation It is a defensive union based on political and military cooperation of sovereign states, its members are committed to protecting freedom, guarding shared heritage and civilisation under the principles of democracy, individual freedom, superiority of law. According to Article 5 of the agreement, all NATO states are obliged to defend one another.

Lithuania entered into cooperation with NATO in 1991. Five years Lithuania launched its mission to the organisation, in late 2002, Lithuania and six other states was invited to start negotiations over membership in the Alliance. Today Lithuania sees NATO as the key and most effective collective defence system, one that ensures the security of the state and stands to defer potential aggression, employs every measure available to strengthen trans-Atlantic relations to contribute to the strengthening of the EU-U. S. Relations. On 17 September 1991, Lithuania became a member of the United Nations; this global international organisation has 193 states for its members. The United Nations Charter anchors the goals of the organisation, which are to maintain international peace and security, stop aggression under the principles of justice and international law, regulate or resolve international disputes. Lithuania's interests at the United Nations are presented by the permanent mission of the Republic of Lithuania in New York, the permanent mission to the United Nations office and other international organisations in Geneva, the permanent mission to international organisations in Vienna.

In 2013, Lithuania was elected non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, to the Security Council in February 014 and May 2015. In 2007, Lithuania presided over the Social Council of the United Nations. Lithuania is member to nearly 50 international cross-governmental organisations, joining many of them after it had regained its independence, having its membership in inter-war organisations restored. In 2015, Lithuania was elected to the UNESCO Executive Council for a third time. Right now, Lithuania is a member of the International Telecommunications Union and the World Tourism Organisation. Lithuania is actively involved in regional organisations. In 2001–2002, Lithuania took presidency over the EU Committee of Ministers, in 2012, over regional formats of the Baltic Sea such as the Baltic Council of Ministers and the NB8; the 2011 presidency over the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe was a success. Lithuania is an active member in the cooperation between Northern Europe countries.

Lithuania is a member of Baltic Council, since its establishment in 1993. Baltic Council is a permanent organisation of international cooperation, located in Tallinn, it operates through the Baltic Baltic Council of Ministers. Lithuania cooperates with Nordic and other two Baltic countries through NB8 cooperation format; the similar format, called NB6 unites Nordic and Baltic countries members of EU. The main goal of NB6 cooperation is to discuss and agree on positions before presenting them in the Council of the European Union and the meetings of the EU Foreign Affairs Ministers; the Council of the Baltic Sea States was established in 1992 in Copenhagen as an informal regional political forum, which main aim is to promote integration process and to affiliate close contacts between the countries of the region. The members of CBSS are Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and European Commission; the observer states are Belarus, Italy, Romania, Spain, United States, United Kingdom, Ukraine.

The cooperation between the Nordic Council of Ministers and Lithuania is a political cooperation through which experience exchange contributes to realization of joint goals. One of its most important functions is to discover new trends and new possibilities for joint cooperation; the information office aims to represent Nordic concepts and demonstrate Nordic cooperation in Lithuania

Duet (Muhal Richard Abrams album)

Duet is an album by Muhal Richard Abrams featuring duet performances with Amina Claudine Myers, released on the Italian Black Saint label in 1981. Critical views of the album have been mixed; the Allmusic review by Ron Wynn states "This was an intense, yet swinging, enjoyable session, one in which Abrams displayed the mastery of multiple genres that's distinguished his music, Myers her distinctive mix of secular and spiritual elements". The Penguin Guide to Jazz awarded the album ​2 1⁄2 stars stating "Retrospect hasn't changed our view that the two pianists get in each other's way"; the Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide called the album "a lyrical and diverse encounter". All compositions by Muhal Richard Abrams except as indicated "Transparency of Lobo Lubu" - 9:55 "Miss Amina" - 7:42 "Swang Rag Swang" - 4:30 "Down the Street from the Gene Ammons Public School" - 5:05 "Journey Home as Seen Through the Fairness of Life" - 6:49 "Dance from the East" - 6:00 "One for Peggy" - 4:09Recorded May 11 & 12, 1981 at Barigozzi Studio, Milano Muhal Richard Abrams – piano Amina Claudine Myers – piano

Wilmington Rail Viaduct

The Wilmington Rail Viaduct is a series of fills and bridges, about 4 miles long, that carry the Northeast Corridor through the city of Wilmington, Delaware above street level. Constructed between 1902 and 1908, the structure consists principally of fills supported by heavy stone retaining walls, punctuated with plate girder bridges over streets, augmented by a few sections of brick arch viaduct, its construction is typical of the Pennsylvania Railroad's architectural practices at the time, the viaduct has been documented by the Historic American Engineering Record and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built by the Pennsylvania Railroad as part of a series of grade crossing eliminations along the Northeast Corridor, the elevation of the rail line necessitated several other changes to rail infrastructure in Wilmington, including the construction of the Wilmington Shops at the east end of the viaduct, the construction of the Wilmington Station and adjacent Pennsylvania Railroad Office Building along the elevated right-of-way.

The viaduct extends from Vandever Avenue, on its east end, across the Brandywine Creek and roughly parallel to the Christina River through Wilmington Station. The west end of the viaduct is adjacent to the Alban Park neighborhood of Wilmington, an area known as West Yard; the bulk of the viaduct, from Vandever Avenue to Lower Linden Street, consists of earthen fill held between heavy ashlar sandstone retaining walls resting on concrete foundations. Some of the northern sections of the viaduct have fill enclosed in timber cribbing on one side of the right-of-way, but the fill is contained with retaining walls on both sides; the ashlar forms the abutments for the overpasses carrying the railroad tracks across city streets, which are steel plate through girder or deck girder bridges. The fill carries three tracks for much of its length, it was topped with 4 feet of ballast. The west end of the viaduct, below Lower Linden Street, was constructed as an arched viaduct when the underlying soil was found to be too soft to support the fill carrying the remainder of the line.

Designed in stone, shortages of sandstone led to the construction of the 41-foot arches in brick, instead. Twelve arches carry the line from Lower Linden Street to the Beech Street underpass, twenty arches continue southwest from Beech Street to the former Baltimore and Ohio and Wilmington and Northern underpass; the remainder of the structure to its West Yard end is again of retaining wall and fill construction. The bridge over the Brandywine Creek near the east end of the viaduct had to be replaced to accommodate the newly elevated track level. At the time, this part of the Brandywine was considered navigable water, though used, the railroad had to construct a moveable bridge to accommodate navigation; the railroad chose to use a swing bridge, began construction of the center pivot pier in the winter of 1903. The first caisson sunk there was swept away in a flood. A new caisson was built resumed after the winter passed and a stone-faced concrete pier, 35 feet in diameter constructed. A second pier was built in the stream to the southwest, leaving two 59-foot channels between the pivot pier and the bank and the pivot and second piers.

Icebreakers were built on either side of the pivot pier. The superstructure of the bridge was manufactured by the Phoenix Bridge Company, it consists of a 78-foot plate girder from the southwest bank to a fixed pier, a 158-foot fishbelly girder from that pier to the northeast bank, turning on the pivot pier. It carries three tracks. Two buildings were erected on the bridge, one for a watchman and the signal levers that protected and operated the bridge, one to house the gasoline engine that turned it; the interlocking levers on the swing bridge were placed in service on March 4, 1906. The structure has undergone little modification since its construction. A 1920s electrification program to Wilmington added support structures to string catenary wires along the length of the viaduct. During the early 20th century, the swing bridge over the Brandywine was fixed in place and the engine and control buildings removed. In 1955, the construction of the Walnut Street Bridge required an undergrade bridge to be built to carry a new, wider alignment of Walnut Street to the east of its original course.

The new bridge is of plate girder construction over concrete piers. In 1983, Amtrak replaced the superstructure of the Poplar Street bridge and refurbished the piers and abutments; the rail line through Wilmington constructed by the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad in 1837, came under the control of the Pennsylvania Railroad when it bought a controlling interest in the PW&B in 1881. As the PRR digested its Gilded Age acquisitions, freight traffic on its lines boomed, increasing by 64% between 1897 and 1902 in the recovery following the Panic of 1893. Longer and more frequent trains pushed the railroad's existing infrastructure to its limits. During the beginning of the 20th century, the PRR invested a portion of these profits in improving its rights-of-way and expanding capacity throu

In Mourning (band)

In Mourning is a melodic death metal band from Vansbro, Sweden. They are signed to Agonia Records, they have released five full-length albums with their latest Garden of Storms, released in October 2019. Apart from their debut album the band has published several self-released demos, their debut album, Shrouded Divine, released on 2 January 2008 by Aftermath Music, has received favorable reviews by European music websites and magazines. The second album Monolith was released on 25 January 2010 by Pulverised Records, with which they have a contract for two albums. On 29 November 2011, the band announced on their official website that Spinefarm Records will be releasing their new album, "The Weight Of Oceans" in 2012; the album entered the Finnish charts at number 40. On 16 January 2014, it was announced that drummer, Christian Netzell had decided to leave the band after 14 years of playing due to musical differences. On the same day it was noted that drummer Mattias Bender would replace Netzell for their Trondheim Metal Fest show, for the rest of the 2014 tour season.

On 26 March 2014, In Mourning announced Bender will now be their permanent full-time drummer and is set to be involved in the recording of their new album. On 22 December 2014, In Mourning announced that Bender had left the band, that Daniel Liljekvist of Katatonia, will step in for the Poland and Norway gigs. On 20 May 2016, In Mourning released their fourth studio album Afterglow on Agonia Records. On 4 October 2019, In Mourning released their fifth studio album Garden of Storms on Agonia Records. In Mourning Senseless Need Confessions of the Black Parasite Grind Denial Shrouded Divine Monolith The Weight of Oceans Afterglow Garden of Storms Official website

Sri Venkatesa Perumal Temple (Melathiruppathi) – Mondipalayam

This temple is counted among the noted Vishnu temples of Kongunadu. The image of the lord is conical in the center; the form was first discovered by one Kondamanaicker around 300 years ago. The devotee once sighted his cow shedding her milk on a sandhill. Induced by curiosity, he dug it, when manifested the image with Conch and Disc as well as Saligram and Chikandi. Inspired by the divine revolution, he ordered a temple to be built up for Sri Venketachalapathi enshrining the form. Devotees who have taken vows to make offering to the lord of the seven hills can fulfill them in Mondipalayam, in the event of their inability to go to Tirupati; this temple is in Tirupur District. It is on the CoimbatoreSathyamangalam highway, 5 km east of Pasur village on the Annur- Sathy road, it can be reached from Tirupur through Avinashi. The temple is 27 km from Sathyamangalam through Punjai Puliampatti; this temple called Melai Tirupathi, an abode of Sri Venkatesa Perumal, sits majestically in the middle of four streets.

The “Dwajasthambam” is seen at the entrance. The Bali Peetam and the Kodi Maram are seen at the entrance. Further ahead is “Garuda Azhwar” praying to the Lord with folded hands facing the main deity. Ahead is the Ardah Mandapam. On entering, devotees have a spiritual experience hearing the divine words “Om Namo Narayana” in their hearts; the main deity is in the form of a Swayambu in the sanctum sanctorum. The Lord “Sri Venkatesa Perumal” facing eastward gives his divine darshan to his devotees; as one continues to pray here, devotees receive the darshan with the blessings of the Lord and experience an inner calm and a flow of divine energy within. Devotees come out to the inner “Prakaram” of the temple. Moving clockwise, there is the sannidhi of “Venugopalaswamy” and a passage having the sannidhi of “Chakrathazhwar” facing east. Coming back to the inner prakaram is the sannidhi of “Anjanaiyar”. After the darshan of the Azhwars, one gets the grace of “Thumbikai Azhwar”; the sannidhi of “Alamelumangai Thayar” with the having a graceful smile and bestow blessings with her four hands.

The next sannidhi has “Andal” in a standing posture facing east showering devotees with her blessings. Moving forward we find the idols of Sri Tirupati Venkatachalapathy followed by the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu and Sri Srirangam Ranganathar. Across the idols one finds the “Lord’s Lotus feet”; the traditional “Swarga Vaasal”, opened every year on Vaikunta Ekadashi, blessed by the sannidhi of “Vaikunta Narayanamurthi” along with his consort “Lakshmi Devi”. After the darshan of “Sanishwarar” one can reach the “Kodimaram”; the main deity Venkatesa Perumal is in the form of Swayambu. The vision of the Lord and his benign presence fill the devotees' heart with calm; the presiding deity, Sri Venkatesa Perumal gives us his darshan along with his consorts, Sri Devi and Bhudevi. Darshan hours are from 6.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. On festival days the temple opens at 4.30 a.m. Adhikalai Poojai: 6:00 AM Ucchikaala Poojai: 12:00 Saingalam: 6:00 PM Performing Thirukalyana Utsavam to the Lord in this temple is considered special.

It is held at the same time as the Tirumala Tirupathi temple. The uniqueness is; the wedding ceremony is held amidst recitation of Vedic mantras. It is believed that performing Kalyana Utsavam to the Lord here will bring immense peace and prosperity to the family of the devotees; the special pooja is performed every month on full moon day at around 5 PM. The main homam performed for this is the Sudarshana homam which brings immense gratification to the devotees performing it; the Sudarshana Chakra is the one. It is the main weapon adorning Lord Vishnu in all his 10 incarnations; the Sudarshana Chakra is the one, known as the “Chakrathazhwar”. Devotees performing this pooja will overcome their difficulties and will be blessed with wealth, prosperity and happiness in their family. From time immemorial yagnas or homams are performed by devotees to seek the grace of the Lord and to grant happiness and prosperity to his bhaktas. A separate enclosure has been constructed at the temple for performing homams.

These include Sudarshana Homam Lakshmi Narasimha Homam Lakshmi Hayagrivar HomamThese homams are performed every month. Further details may be obtained by contacting the temple office; every month on the 2nd and 4th Saturday, bhajans are performed at the temple. They devotees join in the religious fervour; this is followed by annadanam. Thirumanjanam is performed for the mail deity on all Saturdays at 7.00 AM and on special days/festivals at the time fixed for the same. Thirumanjanam is performed for all the other deities/Azhwars on the 1st Friday of every Tamil month at about 9.00 AM. Devotees wishing to participate/contribute/donate for the same may contact the temple office; this festival is celebrated with grandeur in the Tamil month of Purattasi for six consecutive Saturdays. People converge at the temple from across India and overseas. During these days the temple presents a sea of humanity immersed in bhakthi for the Lord; these Saturdays at the temple begin as early as 4.00 AM with an “Abhishekam” or “Thiumanjanam” aradhanai for the Lord.

The Maha Deeparadhanai is performed at noon. In the ev

Gordon Cormack

Gordon Villy Cormack is a professor in the David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science at the University of Waterloo and co-inventor of Dynamic Markov Compression. Cormack's research with Maura R. Grossman has been cited in cases of first impression in United States and United Kingdom approving the use of technology-assisted review in civil litigation. Since 2001, he has been a program committee member of The Text Retrieval Conference, he was a coordinator of the TREC Total Recall Track, as well as the TREC Legal Track, the TREC Spam Track. Cormack is past president of the Conference on Anti-Spam. From 1997 through 2010, Cormack coached Waterloo's ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest team, qualifying for the World Finals every year, winning the World Championship in 1999, the North American Championship in 1998 and 2000. Cormack was a member of the International Olympiad in Informatics Scientific Committee from 2004 - 2011 and was the scientific director of IOI 2010 in Waterloo, Ontario.

Cormack received his B. Sc. M. Sc. and Ph. D. in computer science from University of Manitoba in 1977, 1978, 1981, was a faculty member in the McGill University School of Computer Science before joining University of Waterloo in 1983. Cormack's homepage