Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Malta)
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs called the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is responsible for maintaining Malta's external relations and the management of its international diplomatic missions. The current Minister for foreign affairs is Carmelo Abela; the Ministry for Foreign Affairs is housed at Palazzo Parisio, a historic building situated in Merchants Street, Valletta. Malta attained full independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 and has maintained independent, official diplomatic relations with other nations since then; the ministry moved to its current location, within the Palazzo Parisio, in 1973, although the building itself was built in the 1700s and was once occupied by Napoleon Bonaparte during his Egyptian Campaign. The Palazzo Parisio has housed certain government operations starting in 1886 with Malta's General Post Office and, after World War I, the nation's Audit Office. Carmelo Abela has been the minister of foreign affairs and trade promotion since June 2017; the ministry oversees Malta's affairs with foreign entities, including bilateral relations with individual nations and its representation in international organizations, including the European Union, the United Nations and the Council of Europe.
The ministry holds responsibility for matters related to foreign trade and citizenship and travel visas. Several of its foreign missions, including those to large nations like Brazil and Japan, are accredited to it through embassies in Rome, Italy. There are no Maltese diplomatic missions physically located in South America. In 2011 and 2012, the ministry was involved in international efforts to address the Libyan civil war, in part because of Malta's geographic proximity to Libya and the history of refugees and illegal immigrants leaving Libya for Malta. Refugee camps and the handling of matters of immigration and visitor status are the responsibility of the ministry. Foreign Minister Borg has called for Libya's Transitional National Council to accede to the Geneva Convention, something the African nation had not done under Muammar Gaddafi's regime. In Malta's Order of Precedence of foreign ambassadors and other heads of mission, the Vatican's Apostolic Nuncio is listed first, regardless of the incumbent Nuncio's time in office.
The Nuncio is followed by a traditional precedence based on the foreign representatives' length of appointment. Palazzo Parisio List of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Malta Government of Malta House of Representatives of Malta Official Ministry website
Politics of Malta
The politics of Malta takes place within a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Malta is the constitutional head of state. Executive Authority is vested in the President of Malta with the general direction and control of the Government of Malta remaining with the Prime Minister of Malta, the head of government and the cabinet. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Malta which consists of the President of Malta and the unicameral House of Representatives of Malta with the Speaker presiding officer of the legislative body. Judicial power remains with the Judiciary of Malta. Since Independence, the party electoral system has been dominated by the Christian democratic Nationalist Party and the social democratic Labour Party; the Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Malta as "full democracy" in 2016. Since independence, two parties have dominated Malta's polarized and evenly divided politics during this period: the centre-right Nationalist Party and the centre-left Labour Party.
Third parties have failed to score any electoral success since the pre-independence 1962 general election. In the 2013 election, the Democratic Alternative managed to secure only 1.80% of the first preference votes nationwide. The 1996 elections resulted in the election of the Labour Party, by 8,000 votes, to replace the Nationalists who had won in 1987 and 1992. Voter turnout was characteristically high at 96%, with the Labour Party receiving 50.72%, the Nationalist Party 47.8%, the Democratic Alternative 1.46%, independent candidates 0.02%. In 1998, the Labour Party's loss in a parliamentary vote led the Prime Minister to call an early election; the Nationalist Party was returned to office in September 1998 by a majority of 13,000 votes, holding a five-seat majority in Parliament. Voter turnout was 95%, with the Nationalist Party receiving 51.81%, the Labour Party 46.97%, the Democratic Alternative 1.21%, independent candidates 0.01%. The Nationalist government wrapped up negotiations for European Union membership by the end of 2002.
A referendum on the issue was called in March 2003 for which the Nationalists and the Democratic Alternative campaigned for a "yes" vote while Labour campaigned for "no" vote, invalidate their vote or abstain. Turnout was 91%, with more than 53% voting "yes"; the Labour Party argued that the "yes" votes amounted to less than 50% of the overall votes and citing the 1956 Integration referendum as an example, they claimed that the "yes" had not in fact won the referendum. The MLP Leader Alfred Sant said that the General Elections, to be held within a month would settle the affair. In the General Elections the Nationalists were returned to office with 51.79% of the vote to Labour's 47.51%. The Democratic Alternative managed 0.68%. The Nationalists were thus able to form a government and sign and ratify the EU Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003. On 1 May 2004 Malta joined the EU and on 1 January 2008, the Eurozone with the euro as the national currency; the first elections after membership were held in March 2008 resulting in a narrow victory for the Nationalist Party with 49.34% of first preference votes.
In May 2011, a nationwide referendum was held on the introduction of divorce. This was the first time in the history of parliament that a motion originating outside from the Cabinet had been approved by Parliament. In March 2013, the slim majority enjoyed by the Nationalists was overturned with the Labour Party returning to Government after fifteen years in Opposition. A record-breaking vote disparity of 36,000 was achieved by the Labour Party leading to the resignation of the Nationalist leader Lawrence Gonzi In June 2017, after a snap election was called by the Labour Party on its May Day celebrations; the record-breaking vote disparity achieved by the Labour Party in 2013 was again increased to around 40,000 votes. The new leader of the opposition Simon Busuttil announced his resignation becoming the first political leader of the two main parties to have never served as Prime Minister since Malta's independence. Under its 1964 constitution, Malta became a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom was sovereign of Malta, a Governor-General exercised executive authority on her behalf, while the actual direction and control of the government and the nation's affairs were in the hands of the cabinet under the leadership of a Maltese prime minister. On December 13, 1974, the constitution was revised, Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth, with executive authority vested in the President of Malta which can be exercised directly or through officers subordinate to him; the president is elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term. They appoint as Prime Minister the leader of the party with a majority of seats in the unicameral House of Representatives, known in Maltese as Kamra tad-Deputati; the President nominally appoints, upon recommendation of the Prime Minister, the individual ministers. Ministers are selected from among the members of the House of Representatives, which consists of 65 members unless bonus seats are given to a party which gains an absolute majority of votes but not a Parliamentary majority.
Elections must be held at least every 5 years and the electoral system used is single transferable vote. Malta is divided into 68 elected local councils, with each council responsible for the administration of cities or regions of varying sizes. Administrative responsibility is distributed between the local councils and the central government in Valletta; the Local Councils Act, 1993 was published on June 30, 1993, subdividing Malta into 54 local councils
Malta known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km south of Italy, 284 km east of Tunisia, 333 km north of Libya. With a population of about 475,000 over an area of 316 km2, Malta is the world's tenth smallest and fifth most densely populated country, its capital is Valletta, the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.8 km.2 The official languages are Maltese and English, with Maltese recognised as the national language and the only Semitic language in the European Union. Malta has been inhabited since 5900 BC, its location in the centre of the Mediterranean has given it great strategic importance as a naval base, with a succession of powers having contested and ruled the islands, including the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Greeks, Normans, Knights of St. John and British. Most of these foreign influences have left some sort of mark on the country's ancient culture. Malta became a British colony in 1815, serving as a way station for ships and the headquarters for the British Mediterranean Fleet.
It played an important role in the Allied war effort during the Second World War, was subsequently awarded the George Cross for its bravery in the face of an Axis siege, the George Cross appears on Malta's national flag. The British Parliament passed the Malta Independence Act in 1964, giving Malta independence from the United Kingdom as the State of Malta, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and queen; the country became a republic in 1974. It has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations since independence, joined the European Union in 2004. Malta has a long Christian legacy and its Archdiocese is claimed to be an apostolic see because Paul the Apostle was shipwrecked on "Melita", according to Acts of the Apostles, now taken to be Malta. While Catholicism is the official religion in Malta, Article 40 of the Constitution states that "all persons in Malta shall have full freedom of conscience and enjoy the free exercise of their respective mode of religious worship."Malta is a popular tourist destination with its warm climate, numerous recreational areas, architectural and historical monuments, including three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni and seven megalithic temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.
The origin of the name Malta is uncertain, the modern-day variation is derived from the Maltese language. The most common etymology is that the word Malta is derived from the Greek word μέλι, meli, "honey"; the ancient Greeks called the island Μελίτη meaning "honey-sweet" for Malta's unique production of honey. The Romans called the island Melita, which can be considered either a latinisation of the Greek Μελίτη or the adaptation of the Doric Greek pronunciation of the same word Μελίτα; this spelling is found in the New Testament. Another conjecture suggests that the word Malta comes from the Phoenician word Maleth, "a haven", or'port' in reference to Malta's many bays and coves. Few other etymological mentions appear in classical literature, with the term Malta appearing in its present form in the Antonine Itinerary. Malta has been inhabited from around 5900 BC, since the arrival of settlers from the island of Sicily. A significant prehistoric Neolithic culture marked by Megalithic structures, which date back to c. 3600 BC, existed on the islands, as evidenced by the temples of Mnajdra and others.
The Phoenicians colonised Malta between 800 -- 700 BC, bringing their Semitic culture. They used the islands as an outpost from which they expanded sea explorations and trade in the Mediterranean until their successors, the Carthaginians, were ousted by the Romans in 216 BC with the help of the Maltese inhabitants, under whom Malta became a municipium. After a period of Byzantine rule and a probable sack by the Vandals, the islands were invaded by the Aghlabids in AD 870; the fate of the population after the Arab invasion is unclear but it seems the islands may have been depopulated and were to have been repopulated in the beginning of the second millennium by settlers from Arab-ruled Sicily who spoke Siculo-Arabic. The Muslim rule was ended by the Normans who conquered the island in 1091; the islands were re-Christianised by 1249. The islands were part of the Kingdom of Sicily until 1530, were controlled by the Capetian House of Anjou. In 1530 Charles I of Spain gave the Maltese islands to the Order of Knights of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem in perpetual lease.
The French under Napoleon took hold of the Maltese islands in 1798, although with the aid of the British the Maltese were able to oust French control two years later. The inhabitants subsequently asked Britain to assume sovereignty over the islands under the conditions laid out in a Declaration of Rights, stating that "his Majesty has no right to cede these Islands to any power...if he chooses to withdraw his protection, abandon his sovereignty, the right of electing another sovereign, or of the governing of these Islands, belongs to us, the inhabitants and aborigines alone, without control." As part of the Treaty of Paris in 1814, Malta became a British colony rejecting an attempted integration with the United Kingdom in 1956. Malta became independent on 21 September 1964. Under its 1964 constitution
Districts of Malta
Malta is subdivided in districts of localities in order to administer the country in regions rather than locality. The districts have no administrative significance as the local councils provide the first-tier divisions of the country. There are 6 districts, used for statistical purposes and which are, in turn, grouped into 3 regions: Gozo, Malta Majjistral and Malta Xlokk; each district consists of a number of localities. The Northern Harbour District, Western District and Northern District together form the North Western Region; the South Eastern District and Southern Harbour District together form the South Eastern Region. The Gozo and Comino District is a Region in its own right; the Southern Harbour District forms part of Malta Xlokk. It contains 14 local councils including the capital Valletta and the cities of Birgu, Senglea and Żabbar, with the largest locality being Żabbar while the smallest one is Xgħajra; the total population of the District is 80,170, while total area is 26.1 km2. It is the second largest district by the fifth largest by area.
Birgu 2,451 population Bormla 5,147 Fgura 11,714 Floriana 1,966 Senglea 2,691 Kalkara 3,006 Luqa, include the hamlet of Ħal Farruġ 5,793 IMarsa 5,328 Paola 8,241 Santa Luċija 2,929 Tarxien 8,674 Valletta 5,656 Xgħajra 1,673 Żabbar, include the hamlet of St. Peter's 14,901 The Northern Harbour District forms part of Malta Majjistral, it contains 13 local councils including the city of Qormi, with the largest locality being Birkirkara while the smallest one is Ta' Xbiex. The total population of the District is 131,056, while total area is 24.1 km2. It is the smallest by area. Birkirkara Il-Gżira Il-Ħamrun L-Imsida Pembroke Tal-Pietà Ħal Qormi San Ġiljan San Ġwann Santa Venera Tas-Sliema Is-Swieqi Ta' Xbiex The South Eastern District forms part of Malta Xlokk, it contains 11 local councils including the city of Żejtun, with the largest locality being Marsaskala while the smallest one is Ħal Safi. The total population of the District is 68,044, while total area is 54.3 km2. It is the fourth largest district by both area.
Birżebbuġa Ħal Għaxaq Il-Gudja Ħal Kirkop Marsaskala Marsaxlokk L-Imqabba Il-Qrendi Ħal Safi Iż-Żejtun Iż-Żurrieq The Western District forms part of Malta Majjistral. It contains 10 local councils including the cities of Mdina, Siġġiewi and Żebbuġ, with the largest locality being Żebbuġ while the smallest one is Mdina; the total population of the District is 59,817, while total area is 72.5 km2. It is the second largest by area. Ħ'Attard Ħal Balzan Ħad-Dingli L-Iklin Ħal Lija L-Imdina L-Imtarfa Ir-Rabat Is-Siġġiewi Ħaż-Żebbuġ The Northern District forms part of Malta Majjistral. It contains 6 local councils but no cities, with the largest localities being Mosta and St. Paul's Bay while the smallest one is Għargħur; the total population of the District is 69,467, while total area is 73.6 km2. It is the third largest district by the largest by area. Ħal Għargħur Il-Mellieħa L-Imġarr Il-Mosta In-Naxxar San Pawl il-Baħar The Gozo and Comino District is the Gozo Region. It contains 14 local councils including the city of Victoria.
This is the largest locality while the smallest one is Għasri. The total population of the District is 31,879, while total area is 68.7 km2. It is the third largest by area. Il-Fontana Għajnsielem L-Għarb L-Għasri Ta' Kerċem Il-Munxar In-Nadur Il-Qala San Lawrenz Ta' Sannat Ix-Xagħra Ix-Xewkija Ir-Rabat Iż-Żebbuġ There are 13 electoral districts known as electoral divisions; each consists of a number of localities. Il-Belt Valletta Il-Furjana Il-Ħamrun Il-Marsa Tal-Pietà Santa Venera Il-Birgu L-Isla Bormla Ħaż-Żabbar Il-Kalkara Ix-Xgħajra Il-Fgura Iż-Żejtun Ħal Għaxaq Marsaskala Marsaxlokk Il-Fgura Il-Gudja Paola Santa Luċija Ħal Tarxien Birżebbuġa Ħal Kirkop L-Imqabba Ħal Farruġ Il-Qrendi Ħal Safi Iż-Żurrieq (inc
2015 Maltese spring hunting referendum
A referendum on spring hunting was held in Malta on 11 April 2015. Voters voted narrowly in favour of retaining the spring hunt, with 50.4% voting for the existing law to remain in place. Voter turnout was 74.8%. In August 2013 a petition to ban spring hunting was started by the Coalition for the Abolition of Spring Hunting, which consisted of BirdLife Malta, the Coalition for Animal Rights, the Democratic Alternative, Din l-Art Ħelwa, Flimkien għal Ambjent Aħjar, Friends of the Earth, the Gaia Foundation, International Animal Rescue Malta, the Malta Organic Agriculture Movement, Moviment Graffiti, Nature Trust, the Ramblers Association Malta and Youth for the Environment. Around 45,000 people signed the petition. Birdlife Malta said that the number of turtle doves declined by 9% between 1980 and 2015. A 2007 study by the European Commission said that hunting was a low-level threat to the turtle dove, described spring hunting as concerning; the Hunter's Federation and St Hubert Hunters filed a petition at the Constitutional Court in an attempt to stop the referendum being held, saying it would violate the country's European Union treaty obligations.
The FKNK said. However, the court dismissed their claim on 9 January 2015, ordered the FKNK and KSU to pay court costs. In 2009 the European Court of Justice had found that Malta was breaching its EU treaty obligations by allowing the spring hunt. However, successive governments passed legislation allowing it to continue. Malta is the only country in the EU to allow spring hunting for recreational purposes. Only two species, turtle doves and quails, are allowed to be shot, with quotas of 11,000 and 5,000 bird respectively; this quota is set annually, based on. Hunters are required to report their kills to the government. According to the Maltese government, 805 turtle doves and 151 quail were reported as killed in the 2012 spring hunting season; the question voted on in the referendum was "Do you agree that the provisions of the ‘Framework for Allowing a Derogation Opening a Spring Hunting Season for Turtle Dove and Quail Regulations’ should continue in force?" When the results of the referendum were out, Prime Minister Joseph Muscat announced that the spring hunting season would open on 14 April.
He warned hunters to be careful, he said they were being given a'final chance' and no abuse will be tolerated. During the season, there were six illegalities, much fewer than in previous years. A particular incident involved a Dutch boy being accidentally hit by pellets fired by a hunter. On 27 April, a kestrel was illegally shot at, the injured bird fell in the yard of St. Edward's College in Birgu. Muscat closed the season immediately; this decision was welcomed by the Coalition Against Spring Hunting, the Nationalist Party, the Democratic Alternative and BirdLife Malta. The pro-hunting lobby, consisting of FKNK and KSU, condemned the incident and called for those responsible to be brought to justice. Birdlife Malta said that it reported 9 incidents and in addition, a total of 63 illegal bird callers were detected by CABS during this hunting season. Rudolf, Uwe Jens. Historical Dictionary of Malta. Scarecrow Press. Pp. 40–41. ISBN 9780810873902. Mizzi, Simone. "Abolish Spring Hunting Campaign". Vigilo.
Din l-Art Ħelwa: 10-12. ISSN 1026-132X. Archived from the original on February 11, 2014
The Royal Navy is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France; the modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century. From the middle decades of the 17th century, through the 18th century, the Royal Navy vied with the Dutch Navy and with the French Navy for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century, it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy during the Second World War; the Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries. Due to this historical prominence, it is common among non-Britons, to refer to it as "the Royal Navy" without qualification. Following World War I, the Royal Navy was reduced in size, although at the onset of World War II it was still the world's largest.
By the end of the war, the United States Navy had emerged as the world's largest. During the Cold War, the Royal Navy transformed into a anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines and active in the GIUK gap. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its focus has returned to expeditionary operations around the world and remains one of the world's foremost blue-water navies. However, 21st century reductions in naval spending have led to a personnel shortage and a reduction in the number of warships; the Royal Navy maintains a fleet of technologically sophisticated ships and submarines including two aircraft carriers, two amphibious transport docks, four ballistic missile submarines, six nuclear fleet submarines, six guided missile destroyers, 13 frigates, 13 mine-countermeasure vessels and 22 patrol vessels. As of November 2018, there are 74 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy, plus 12 ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary; the RFA replenishes Royal Navy warships at sea, augments the Royal Navy's amphibious warfare capabilities through its three Bay-class landing ship vessels.
It works as a force multiplier for the Royal Navy doing patrols that frigates used to do. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is 408,750 tonnes; the Royal Navy is part of Her Majesty's Naval Service, which includes the Royal Marines. The professional head of the Naval Service is the First Sea Lord, an admiral and member of the Defence Council of the United Kingdom; the Defence Council delegates management of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Royal Navy operates three bases in the United Kingdom; as the seaborne branch of HM Armed Forces, the RN has various roles. As it stands today, the RN has stated its 6 major roles as detailed below in umbrella terms. Preventing Conflict – On a global and regional level Providing Security At Sea – To ensure the stability of international trade at sea International Partnerships – To help cement the relationship with the United Kingdom's allies Maintaining a Readiness To Fight – To protect the United Kingdom's interests across the globe Protecting the Economy – To safe guard vital trade routes to guarantee the United Kingdom's and its allies' economic prosperity at sea Providing Humanitarian Aid – To deliver a fast and effective response to global catastrophes The strength of the fleet of the Kingdom of England was an important element in the kingdom's power in the 10th century.
At one point Aethelred II had an large fleet built by a national levy of one ship for every 310 hides of land, but it is uncertain whether this was a standard or exceptional model for raising fleets. During the period of Danish rule in the 11th century, the authorities maintained a standing fleet by taxation, this continued for a time under the restored English regime of Edward the Confessor, who commanded fleets in person. English naval power declined as a result of the Norman conquest. Following the Battle of Hastings, the Norman navy that brought over William the Conqueror disappeared from records due to William receiving all of those ships from feudal obligations or because of some sort of leasing agreement which lasted only for the duration of the enterprise. More troubling, is the fact that there is no evidence that William adopted or kept the Anglo-Saxon ship mustering system, known as the scipfryd. Hardly noted after 1066, it appears that the Normans let the scipfryd languish so that by 1086, when the Doomsday Book was completed, it had ceased to exist.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, in 1068, Harold Godwinson's sons Godwine and Edmund conducted a ‘raiding-ship army’ which came from Ireland, raiding across the region and to the townships of Bristol and Somerset. In the following year of 1069, they returned with a bigger fleet which they sailed up the River Taw before being beaten back by a local earl near Devon. However, this made explicitly clear that the newly conquered England under Norman rule, in effect, ceded the Irish Sea to the Irish, the Vikings of Dublin, other Norwegians. Besides ceding away the Irish Sea, the Normans ceded the North Sea, a major area where Nordic peoples traveled. In 1069, this lack of naval presence in the North Sea allowed for the invasion an
Malta Dockyard was an important naval base in the Grand Harbour in Malta in the Mediterranean Sea. The Knights of Malta established dockyard facilities within the Grand Harbour to maintain their fleet of galleys; these were spread between the cities of Senglea and Vittoriosa. When Malta became a British protectorate in 1800, these facilities were inherited, consolidated, by the Royal Navy. With the loss of Menorca, Malta swiftly became the Navy's principal Mediterranean base; the Royal Navy Dockyard was located around Dockyard Creek, occupied several of the dockyard buildings used by the Knights of Malta. By 1850 the facilities included storehouses, a ropery, a small steam factory, victualling facilities, houses for the officers of the Yard, most notably a dry dock – the first to be provided for a Royal Dockyard outside Britain. Begun in 1844, the dry dock was opened in 1847. Marble blocks from the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, were used for the construction of these docks.
In the second half of the century the steam factory with its machine shops and foundries was expanded. Soon, though, it was clear that more space was required than the crowded wharves of Dockyard Creek afforded, to accommodate the increasing size of ships and the increasing size of the fleet based there; the decision was taken to expand into the adjacent French Creek, between 1861 and 1909 a further five dry docks were constructed there, along with an assortment of specialized buildings to serve the mechanized Navy. It was an important supply base during the Second World War. In January 1941 sixty German dive bombers made a massed attack on the dockyard in an attempt to destroy the damaged British aircraft carrier Illustrious, but she received only one bomb hit. Incessant German and Italian bombing raids targeted Malta through March, opposed by only a handful of British fighters. In April 1942 the Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard reported that due to German air attacks on Malta's naval base "practically no workshops were in action other than those underground.
After Baileys were dispossessed by the Maltese Government the dockyard was closed as a naval base and the Royal Navy withdrew in 1979. It was managed by a workers' council between 1979 and 1996 repairing civilian ships. In 2010, Malta Shipyards Ltd was placed into liquidation and its assets were given over to Palumbo Shipyards. In the course of its government ownership, the dockyard had accumulated €1bn in losses. In 2011, Palumbo acquired on a 30-year lease the neighbouring "superyacht" facility, which includes a drydock with a retractable roof; the dockyard was managed by a Resident Commissioner of the Navy Board from 1791 until 1832 when all Resident Commissioners at dockyards were replaced by Superintendents. Admirals Superintendent included: Post holders included: 1791– 1793 Captain Harry Harmood 1793–1796 Captain Andrew Sutherland 1801–1803 Captain John Nicholson Inglefield 1803–1805 Captain Sir Alexander John Ball 1805–1807 Captain William Brown 1808–1811 Captain William Granville Lobb 1811–1812 Captain Percy Fraser 1812–1829 Captain Joseph Larcom 1829–1832 Thomas Briggs 1832–1838 Rear Admiral Thomas Briggs 1838–1843 Rear Admiral John Louis 1843–1848 Rear Admiral Lucius Curtis 1848–1853 Rear Admiral Edward Harvey 1853–1855 Rear Admiral Houston Stewart 1855–1858 Rear Admiral Montagu Stopford 1858–1863 Rear Admiral Henry Codrington 1863–1864 Rear Admiral Horatio Austin 1864–1868 Rear Admiral Henry Kellett 1868–1870 Rear Admiral Edward Fanshawe 1870–1872 Rear Admiral Astley Key 1872–1876 Rear Admiral Edward Inglefield 1876–1878 Rear Admiral Edward Rice 1878–1879 Rear Admiral William Luard 1879–1882 Rear Admiral John McCrea 1882–1885 Rear Admiral William Graham 1885–1887 Rear Admiral William Ward 1887–1889 Rear Admiral Robert Douglas 1889–1892 Rear Admiral Alexander Buller 1892–1894 Rear Admiral Richard Tracey 1894–1897 Rear Admiral Richard Duckworth-King 1897–1900 Rear Admiral Rodney Lloyd 1900–1902 Rear Admiral Burges Watson 1902–1905 Rear Admiral James Hammet 1905–1907 Rear Admiral Arthur Bromley 1907–1910 Rear Admiral Frederic Fisher 1910–1912 Rear Admiral Ernest Simons 1912–1914 Rear Admiral Sackville Carden 1914–1916 Rear Admiral Arthur Limpus 1916–1918 Rear-Admiral George Ballard 1918–1921 Rear Admiral Brian Barttelot 1921–1924 Rear Admiral John Luce 1924–1926 Rear Admiral Charles Johnson 1926–1928 Rear Admiral Alexander Campbell 1928–1931 Rear Admiral Francis Mitchell 1931–1934 Rear Admiral Matthew Best 1934–1937 Vice Admiral Sir Wilfred French 1937–1941 Vice Admiral Sir Wilbraham Ford 1941–1942 Vice Admiral Sir Ralph Leatham 1942–1943 Vice Admiral Sir Stuart Bonham Carter May–Oct 1943 Vice Admiral Arthur Power 1943–1945 Vice Admiral Sir Louis Hamilton 1945–1946 Vice Admiral Sir Frederick Dalrymple-Hamilton 1946–1948 Rear Admiral Marcel Kelsey 1948–1950 Rear Admiral Philip Clarke 1950–1952 Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Hawkins 1952–1954 Rear Admiral Jocelyn Salter 1954–1957 Rear Admiral Wilfred Brittain 1957–1959 Vice Admiral Sir Charles Madden 1959–1961 Rear Admiral Derick Hetherington 1961–1963 Rear Admiral Viscount KelburnNote: The post was vacant between 1963 and 19671967–1969 Rear Admiral Dudley Davenport 1969–1971 Rear Admiral Derrick Kent 1971–1973 Rear Admiral John Templeton-Cotill 197