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Foreign relations of Mauritius

Mauritius has strong and friendly relations with the West, as well as with South Asian countries and the countries of southern and eastern Africa. It is a member of the World Trade Organization, the Commonwealth of Nations, La Francophonie, the African Union, the Southern Africa Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission, COMESA, the formed Indian Ocean Rim Association, her Majesty Elizabeth II was the head of state of Mauritius. Trade, commitment to democracy, the country's small size are driving forces behind Mauritian foreign policy; the country's political heritage and dependence on Western markets have led to close ties with the European Union and its member states the United Kingdom and France. Mauritius' only immediate neighbour is Reunion Island, an overseas department of France, part of the European Union. Considered part of Africa geographically, Mauritius has friendly relations with other African states in the region South Africa, by far its largest continental trading partner.

Mauritian investors are entering African markets, notably Madagascar and Mozambique. Mauritius coordinates much of its foreign policy with the Southern Africa Development Community and the Organisation of African Unity; the country is a member of the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa. Relations with France and India are strong for both commercial reasons. Foreign embassies in Mauritius include Australia, South Korea the United Kingdom, People's Republic of China, France, Madagascar, Russian Federation and the United States. Mauritius is a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military. Mauritius claims the entire Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean and claims the whole French-administered Tromelin Island. Mauritius has been a member state of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations since independence in 1968, it is a member of the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie, Organisation of African Unity, the Southern Africa Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission, COMESA, the formed Indian Ocean Rim Association.

List of diplomatic missions in Mauritius List of diplomatic missions of Mauritius

William Guilford

William A. Guilford was a state legislator from Upson County, Georgia. Guilford was a representative to Georgia's constitutional congress in 1868 and was an elected representative in Georgia's assembly during the 1868–1870 term. William Guilford's father, Guilford Speer, had operated a harness and shoe shop in Thomaston, Upson County, since at least the 1840s, was a founding organizer of St. Mary's A. M. E. Church. William Guilford opened a barber shop in Thomaston, was involved in organizing the county's annual Emancipation Day celebration, still observed on or about 19 May each year. Guilford married, their known children included William, Duffield, Douglass, Ludie and Lidie. He owned 12 acres of land in Georgia. Guilford was one of several witnesses on behalf of political activist William Fincher of Pike County, accused of vagrancy in 1868; the case was submitted to the U. S. Congress as an example of a violation of Civil Rights; the jury sentenced the man to a year of hard labor on the public roads.

Rufus B. Bullock, the provisional governor of Georgia filed documents in support of Guilford serving in the Georgia House of Representatives after the 1868 election when top vote getter J. C. Drake was disqualified

Leslie Kwok

Leslie Kwok Ying Wah is a Singaporean former swimmer, who specialized in sprint freestyle events and turned into an actor, a part-time professional model. He earned three bronze medals each in the 50 m freestyle from the Southeast Asian Games, represented Singapore at the 2000 Summer Olympics. Kwok is an Anglo-Chinese School alumnus, a graduate with a bachelor of science degree in civil and structural engineering at Nanyang Technological University. Kwok competed for Singapore in the men's 50 m freestyle at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, he achieved a FINA B-cut of 23.72 from the Southeast Asian Games in Brunei. He challenged seven other swimmers in heat four, including Kyrgyzstan's Sergey Ashihmin, Goodwill Games silver medalist for Russia, Kazakhstan's two-time Olympian Sergey Borisenko. Diving in with a 0.73-second deficit, Kwok scorched the entire race to share a fourth seed with Peru's Luis López Hartinger in an exact time of 24.00, but finished outside an entry standard. Kwok failed to advance into the semifinals.

At the 2005 Southeast Asian Games in Manila, Kwok added a third bronze to his six-year-old hardware in the 50 m freestyle, finishing behind Indonesia's veteran Richard Sam Bera and Thailand's newcomer Arwut Chinnapasaen by more than half a second. In early 2006, Kwok announced his official retirement from swimming to extend his resume in entrepreneurship and other lifestyle businesses; as a part-time professional model, he has appeared in several sports magazines, print ad campaigns, TV commercials, has featured on the cover of a popular Asian woman magazine Female. A top-class entrepreneur, Kwok owns a massage and health spa called Elements Spa & Slimming, founded in April 2002. Hall of Fame Profile – Nanyang Technological University Feature: The ACS Connection Profile – Most Beautiful Man

Richard Pennefather (auditor general)

Richard Theodore Pennefather was the 14th Accountant General and Controller of Revenue of British Ceylon. He was born the son of Judge Edward Pennefather of Leap Castle, County Offaly, the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland and his wife Susanna Darby. From 1848 to 1854 he was the private secretary of Sir Edmund Walker Head, Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick, followed him to the Province of Canada in 1854 when Head became Governor General of Canada, he was made responsible for Indian affairs for part of his time there but left Canada in 1861 when Head's term of office expired. He was appointed Accountant General and Controller of Revenue of Ceylon on 24 June 1861, succeeding William Charles Gibson, held the office until his death in 1865, when he was succeeded by Robert John Callander

Rhythm Killers

Rhythm Killers is an album by Jamaican musical duo Sly and Robbie. It was released in May 1987 by Island Records. By the time of the album's recording and Robbie had transitioned away from their prolific work in the reggae genre, they spent the 1980s experimenting with electronic sounds and contemporary recording technology on international, cross-genre endeavors, as reflected by Rhythm Killers. For the album, they enlisted record producer Bill Laswell and an ensemble of musicians to work with at Quad Recording in New York City. Along with their live instruments, the duo used electronic recording equipment such as the Fairlight CMI synthesizer and electronic drums; the predominantly funk and dance-oriented album is arranged into two side-long gapless suites of songs. Other styles featured on the record include hip hop, hard rock and downtown music. Laswell's densely layered production incorporated electronic grooves, hard beats, string synthesizers, cross-rhythms produced by turntable scratches and Latin-influenced percussion, percussive raps.

Rhythm Killers charted in four countries, including the United Kingdom, where it peaked at number 35. It was promoted with two singles, including the UK hit "Boops"; the album received positive reviews from critics and was ranked in year-end lists by NME magazine and Village Voice critic Robert Christgau, who named it the seventh best record of 1987. Encouraged by its success and Robbie continued their digital direction on subsequent albums. Rhythm Killers has since been out of print. Amid their prolific reggae output as sessions musicians, solo artists, production duo and Robbie—drummer Sly Dunbar and bassist Robbie Shakespeare—opened their own record label Taxi Records and attained a distribution deal with Island Records during the early 1980s. After Island founder and executive Chris Blackwell hired them to work with singer Grace Jones, the duo developed a more sparse, robotic production style with funk and dub influences; this deviated from their past reggae work, as well as the genre's roots light rhythms.

Sly and Robbie recorded at Blackwell's Compass Point Studios in the Bahamas with state-of-the-art equipment, which led to Dunbar's experimentation with electronic drums and drum machines. After their work with Black Uhuru and that group's line-up change and Robbie pursued more international music endeavors, they branched out into cross-genre experiments with a conceptual, ensemble-oriented approach, while developing a mentorship with record producer Bill Laswell, whom they met through Blackwell and by working on Mick Jagger's 1985 album She's the Boss. In 1985, they collaborated with Laswell on their album Language Barrier, which had guest contributions from Herbie Hancock, Bob Dylan, Afrika Bambaataa, Manu DiBango, its recording developed from a track the duo had revisited from their work on the soundtrack to the 1983 film Never Say Never Again. The track had been done with electronic drums at Compass Point Studios, but scrapped as a rhythm track for use. A dub album, Language Barrier showcased a musical clash between the duo's characteristic rhythms and Laswell's own production style, with African jazz influences, predominant use of the Fairlight CMI sampling synthesizer, experimentations with tempo and dub techniques.

Dunbar was enthused by newer recording technology and, in a 1987 interview for The Sydney Morning Herald, said that he wanted to "be a part of it, not be left out." Although it had a lukewarm reception from music critics, Language Barrier was Sly and Robbie's first work to receive international exposure. For their next album, they sought to record a like-minded album to expand their audience. After releasing The Sting and Electro Reggae as members of their Taxi Gang band and Robbie enlisted Laswell again to work on Rhythm Killers, they recorded the album over a period of three months at Quad Recording in New York City. Before entering the studio and Robbie had planned music and demos to work with, but scrapped them after Chris Blackwell of Island discouraged the idea. Blackwell wanted the duo to come up with original material at the studio, as they had been known to do since their early years in Jamaica. In an effort to crossover with music listeners outside of reggae's market and Robbie heightened their experimentation with other musical sounds funk and occasional hip hop music.

Despite his eclectic output, Laswell himself had started out as a bass player in funk groups, an experience that inspired him to compose his musical arrangements with a rhythmic foundation. Dunbar explained their approach for the album in an interview for Musician at the time, saying that "We're trying to get new fans. Once they come into the funk, they're going to have to come into the reggae, because that's where we're going to take them." Sly and Robbie's direction was influenced by the supervision of Blackwell who, according to Dunbar, "wanted us to make two tracks, 17 minutes long. So we extended them, each side consisting of three songs. Non-stop dancing, that's the idea."In the early stage of recording and Robbie focused on constructing difficult grooves for songs. To record their rhythm tracks, Dunbar worked in the studio alone and cut a drum part without having a melody in mind, he recounted his approach for the album to Musician, saying that "I just played what I felt, working from a sense of'now I'll do 103 beats per minute.'

And Robbie would come in the next night and lay a bass part." Unlike most reggae or funk bassists, Shakespeare approached his playing as a jazz soloist and attempted numerous subtle variations to his riff. He said. Sometimes endless ideas just keep coming to me. Sometimes I'll change the drum

Loveman's (Chattanooga)

Loveman's was a Chattanooga, Tennessee-based chain of department stores with locations throughout East Tennessee and North Georgia. Relatives of the founder of the chain founded Loveman's of Alabama and Loveman's located in Nashville, Tennessee. In 1875, David Bernard Loveman and his brother Herman Herschel Loveman arrived in Chattanooga from Atlanta and formed D. B. Loveman and Bro. A dry goods concern. In 1877, Ismar Noa joined the company and it became D. B. Loveman & Company. In 1884 they purchased property at the southeast corner of Eighth and Market Streets, in what was described as "the most important single real estate transaction that had taken place" in Chattanooga up until that time. Building commenced in 1885, the city's first department store was constructed, it would become Chattanooga's largest department store, remain so for just over a hundred years. December 26, 1891, the building was destroyed by fire and the business suffered accordingly. David declared bankruptcy, but business did not cease.

The company regained its footing and prospered, employing 300 people by 1917. In addition to the downtown Chattanooga flagship store, Loveman's expanded to Oak Ridge, along with several suburban stores in Chattanooga with locations such as East Ridge, Tennessee. Loveman's established a store at Eastgate Mall in 1965. In the early 1970s, Loveman's located in the former JCPenney store in Highland Plaza. In 1980, Loveman's was an original anchor at Walnut Square Mall in Georgia. Loveman's final expansion came as an anchor at Hamilton Place Mall in 1987. In 1988, the chain, which had acquired considerable debt, was bought by Proffitt's, which in turn was acquired in 2005 by Belk. Starting in 2001, the flagship downtown building had been converted to mixed use, with luxury condominiums on the upper floors developed by RiverCity Company. In August 2008, the 31,000-square-foot second floor was purchased at auction by the Maclellan Foundation for $1.4 million. Cohutta Banking Co. of Tennessee plans to move during the fall of 2008, into 15,000 square feet on the building's ground floor.

The Liebman-Loveman Family, Loveman Merchants Page 2. "New Vitality for the Lovemans on Market," Envirolink Handbook Southeast website, undated