The ancient'Kynges Towne' of Brading is the main town of the civil parish of the same name. The ecclesiastical parish of Brading used to cover about a tenth of the Isle of Wight; the civil parish now includes the town itself and Adgestone, Morton and other outlying areas between Ryde, St Helens, Bembridge and Arreton. Alverstone was transferred to the Newchurch parish some thirty years ago. From early times, Brading ranked as an important Island port; the ancient name of Brerdynge, from which'Brading' is derived meant the people living by the ridge of the Downs, dates from at least 683. The Roman Villa south of the town, Roman relics discovered locally, indicate that this was an important seaport 2,000 years ago. Signs of prehistoric activity have been found on Brading Down. History records that St Wilfrid came to the island during the 680s, landed at Brading, preached there to the islanders, began the conversion of the Island. Bede states that King Caedwalla of Wessex killed the pagan population "with merciless slaughter" and replaced them with his own Christian followers, dedicating a quarter of the Isle of Wight to Wilfrid and the Church.
Wilfrid would thus have been preaching to the converted because everyone else was dead. This legend was illustrated by a tableau at the Waxworks. Brading was first granted a charter in 1280, unusually for the time directly from King Edward I, rather than the Lord of the Isle; this led to it being known as the'King's Town'. The charter granted to Brading by Edward VI in 1548 refers to the previous charter granted by Edward I; this charter allowed the town to hold two annual fairs. Nowadays the fair is held over the first weekend in July; because of its status as a town, Brading has an elected town council. In medieval times the town was governed by the Steward, Bailiffs and 13 Jurats, returned two MPs to the Westminster Parliament. Now the town is a part of the Isle of Wight parliamentary constituency; until the 16th century the port was active. Ships lay alongside at the quay behind the Bugle Inn in the High Street. Ships came into Brading Haven for shelter and for provisions water, of a high quality.
The north-eastern part of the haven was closed off by an embankment completed in 1594, much of, still present. Ships would tie up at the far end of Quay Lane on the other side of the embankment. Throughout the Middle Ages various attempts were made to drain off the rest of the harbour. Sir Hugh Myddleton, who had constructed the New River from Enfield to central London for James I, undertook this work. After others had tried and failed, this reclamation was accomplished in 1881 by the building of a substantial embankment right across the harbour, with the building of the railway to Bembridge. So Brading now shares with Romney the distinction of being a seaport without any sea. Losing access to the sea caused Brading to decline in importance and prevented the sort of growth enjoyed by Cowes and Newport. A historic Old Town Hall stands near to the church; the New Town Hall dates from 1903. There is no record of the earliest Town Hall, but an entry in The Court Leet Book 1729 refers to the assessment of one shilling rate, a subscription towards building a new Town Hall, Market House and Prison.
In 1730 an extra 3d was added to the rate for the Town Hall. This new building remained until 1876 when it was restored to its present state, contained the Free Town Library. Before the building of the first school in 1823, the children were taught in the Town Hall, it was used for Mother's Meetings; the Town Trust now owns the building. Brading was the testing place for weights & measures for all of East Wight and these standards are still kept in the upper building together with the Town Charter. Set in the ground outside the new Town Hall, there is an iron bullring, once used to secure a bull whilst it was being baited by dogs. According to the diaries of Sir John Oglander, the Governor of the Isle of Wight would donate 5 guineas for the purchase of the bull to be baited; the Mayor attended this ceremony in full regalia and a dog, known as the Mayor's Dog, would be decked with coloured ribbons and set on the bull after the proclamation had been made. A large wooden carving of a bull decorates the Bullring.
This is by local artist Paul Sivell. Another of his works is an 10-foot wooden statue of the goddess Diana positioned in the woods above Brading at Kelly's Copse entitled "For Camilla"; this commemorates a recent murder of a Danish exchange student by a sex attacker from Gosport. Many local people stuffed toys as tribute; the town possesses a gun. It is a brass piece, made in 1549 by the Owine Brothers and Robert, so that the town might be defended from French invasion; the gun was never used in action, but was taken to the top of Brading Down in 1832 so that it could be fired to celebrate the passing of the Reform Bill. It exploded and split, putting a stop to celebrations for the day. In the 1950s, it was stolen from the "Gunne House" behind St. Mary's Church and was found in a sale room in Kent, it was returned, not to the town, but to the Oglanders at Nunwell House, where it remains beneath Fanny Oglander's bedroom window. The Town Trust has asked for it back, but Fanny Oglander has said that security arrangements should be improved and the matter remains unresolved.
Brading is part of the electoral wa
Fishbourne, Isle of Wight
Fishbourne is a village between Wootton and Ryde, on the Isle of Wight. The name "Fishbourne" might mean "stream of fish" or "fish spring."It is positioned on the eastern bank of Wootton Creek, includes the terminal for the Wightlink car ferry from Portsmouth. Fishbourne, together with the adjoining Kite Hill area, became a civil parish in 2006 and has a parish council; the parish includes the Benedictine monastery including Quarr Abbey. The Royal Victoria Yacht Club and the'Fishbourne Inn' are located near the ferry terminal. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus routes 4 and 9, which stop on the main road, operate to East Cowes and Ryde. Fishbourne is part of the electoral ward called Fishbourne; this ward covers much of the Binstead district of Ryde parish and at the 2011 Census had a total population of 3,185. Fishbourne - The Willis Fleming Historical Trust Fishbourne Parish Council
Brighstone is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, 6 miles southwest of Newport on the B3399 road. Brighstone was known as "Brixton"; the name derives from the Saxon name "Ecgbert's Tun". Brighstone is the largest village in the area locally known as the Back of the Wight and extends toward Limerstone and Mottistone. In Roman times a villa was built to the north, to take advantage of the clean waters of the Buddle Brook. Brighstone history dates back to the 9th century when it was given to the Bishopric of Winchester by King Egbert. Brighstone parish was formed in 1644; the civil parish comprises the main village of Brighstone together with the smaller villages of Brook, Hulverstone and Mottistone. The entire parish lies within an area of the Isle of Wight AONB and its coastline is designated as Heritage Coast and Site of Special Scientific Interest. St. Mary's Church, Brighstone is a venerable old church that has stood for more than eight centuries; the village features Brighstone Shop and Museum, owned by the National Trust, displaying exhibitions on village life in the 19th century and contains a wealth of information about the Brighstone lifeboats.
Brighstone is popular with tourists for local shops. Several large events are hosted in the village each year, including the Brighstone Show, Art exhibitions and the Brighstone Christmas Tree Festival; the local scout hut functions as a Youth Hostel during the summer. The village pub is called The Three Bishops, named after three rectors of Brighstone parish who went on to become famous bishops; the first was the 17th-century Bishop Ken who wrote the famous hymns "Awake my soul and with the sun" and "Glory to Thee my God this night". Bishop Samuel Wilberforce became rector in 1830, used to entertain his father, anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce. Wilberforce Road is named after him, Brighstone's village hall is called the Wilberforce Hall; the third bishop, Doctor George Moberly, was headmaster of Winchester College before changing career to become rector of Brighstone in 1866. Another notable person who lived in the village in the 19th century was the clergyman and amateur palaeontologist William Fox, who discovered several species of dinosaur in Brighstone Bay.
The village is linked to other parts of the island by Southern Vectis bus route 12, serving Freshwater and Newport as well as intermediate villages. Brighstone Bay Brighstone Forest Brighstone Down Brighstone Christmas Tree Festival St. Mary's Church, Brighstone Brighstone Parish official website
Chale is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight of England, in the United Kingdom. It is located three kilometres from Niton in the south of the Island in the area known as the Back of the Wight; the village of Chale lies at the foot of St. Catherine's Down. Chale is recorded in the Domesday book as "Cela", which derives from the Old English word "ceole", meaning "throat"; this is thought to chine at Blackgang. The name was recorded as "Chele" or "Chielle", but it has been "Chale" since the 12th century. There were 3 manors in Chale at the time of the Domesday Book: Chale and Walpen; the Parish Church of St Andrew was founded by Hugh Gendon in Chale in 1114. However, the present church dates from the 14th century, it has 6 bells in its tower. One might have been made about 1360, it has some fine stained glass windows. The Chale Abbey farm has a window; the name Abbey refers to the style of the building, not its religious use. Chale Abbey Farm and Walpen Manor are two of the oldest buildings on the Isle of Wight.
The south coast of the Isle of Wight has seen many shipwrecks because it has some famous rocky outcroppings. Lord William de Godeton removed some casks of wine from a French shipwreck in 1312. However, this wine was the property of the Church, which forced Godeton to build a tower and an octagonal oratory at the top of the cliffs above Chale on St. Catherine's Down. A fire was maintained in the oratory to prevent further shipwrecks. A monk remained resident in the oratory; the Clarendon sank in Chale Bay in 1836. The public was outraged, demanded that a new lighthouse be built. Government officials who were in England and not familiar with local geography decreed that the new lighthouse should be on top of St. Catherine's Down. However, it is common for fogs to roll in and obscure the top of St. Catherine's Down, there were more wrecks after the new lighthouse was built. A second lighthouse, still in use, was built at the foot of the cliffs. Chale is close to Blackgang Chine amusement park, opened in 1843 and was Britain's first theme park.
Chale had a school by 1784. The current school building dates from 1883, although it has been augmented by a newer hall, kitchens and a computer complex, it sits near Wight Mouse Inn at the southern end of the parish. The school was the smallest on the Island, one of the smallest in the United Kingdom with only 20 pupils on roll; this led to the threat of the school's closure, it did close just before the summer vacation of 2010. The Wight Mouse Inn and Clarendon Hotel is named after a shipwreck in 1835; some of the timbers from the wreck are part of the building. It was a popular destination of the upper classes in an earlier era. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus route 6, which runs between Ventnor; the summer-only Island Coaster service stops in Chale. Chale is part of the electoral ward called Chale and Whitwell. At the 2011 Census the population of this ward was 2,721. St. Andrew's Church, Chale Blackgang Chine Chale Green History of Chale website
Shalfleet is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight. It is located between Newport in the northwest of the island; the name "Shalfleet" means "shallow stream". The stream in this case is the stream passing through the Caul Bourne, it was recorded as "Aet Scealdan Fleote" in the 838. In 1086, in the Domesday Book, Shalfleet was called "Selceeflet". In Adam and Charles Black's guide book to the area published in 1870, there is a note that Shalfleet is "not too lively", it still has only one street with a traffic light at each end. Church of St. Michael the Archangel, Shalfleet was dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel in 1964; the Baptist church in the village of Wellow, was founded in 1801. There were several Methodist churches as well. Shalfleet had a railway station, shared with Calbourne, closed in 1953 when the line from Newport to Freshwater ceased operating; the New Inn pub dates from 1743. The Domesday Book noted the existence of the Shalfleet Mill; this mill was driven by a waterwheel.
The associated bakery produced bread until the 1920s. There are three manor houses in the Shalfleet area. In August 2009 metal detectorists searching near Shalfleet discovered an Iron Age hoard, the Shalfleet Hoard, consisting of four large bowl-shaped silver ingots, six small silver fragments, one gold British B stater; the discovery of this hoard contributes to the evidence that the Isle of Wight was occupied by the Celtic tribe, the Durotriges, during the Late Iron Age. The hoard was reported to the Portable Antiquities Scheme, sent to the British Museum for examination, sold at auction; the village is linked to other parts of the Island by Southern Vectis bus route 7, serving Freshwater and Newport as well as intermediate villages. Shalfleet Church of England Primary School website
East Cowes is a town and civil parish to the north of the Isle of Wight, on the east bank of the River Medina next to its neighbour on the west bank, Cowes. The two towns are connected by the Cowes Floating Bridge, a chain ferry operated by the Isle of Wight Council. East Cowes is the site of Norris Castle, Osborne House, the former summer residence of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; the Prince had a major influence on the architecture of the area, for example on the building of St Mildred's Church in nearby Whippingham, which features distinctive turrets imitating those found on a German castle. The name Estcowe comes from one of two sandbanks each side of the River Medina estuary, so called after a supposed likeness to cows; the name was subsequently transferred to fortifications built during the reign of Henry VIII on the east bank to dispel a French invasion, referred to as cowforts or cowes, which subsequently gave the name to the town. The naming of Cowes was done in a similar fashion.
They replaced the earlier name of Shamblord. The settlement of Shamblord at East Cowes was first recorded in 1303, it grew as East Shamblord, became a much more significant settlement than the Western Shamblord. As the Isle of Wight was the target of frequent French invasions, with some notable incursions, the fort built at East Cowes was destroyed and should not be confused with the "East Cowes Castle" built subsequently by John Nash. During the reign of Queen Victoria, who made her summer home at Osborne by acquiring and rebuilding Osborne House, East Cowes was the subject of planned estate of grand houses and parks; the scheme, not finding the finances it needed, was folded, but a few residences built in the early stages still survive to this day such as the former Albert Grove residences of Kent House and Powys House on York Avenue. In East Cowes Norris Castle was designed in the Norman style by James Wyatt in the late eighteenth century; the building today remains a private home. In 1798, the architect John Nash, began building his home, East Cowes Castle, where he entertained the Prince Consort and other prominent guests.
East Cowes Castle was notable for its Gothic towers and turrets, elaborate castellation. Nash died in 1835 and is buried in the tower of St James' Church which he designed. East Cowes Castle was damaged by bombing in World War II It was demolished during the 1960s, although the ice house remains and is visible in Sylvan Avenue. Cowes and East Cowes became a single urban district in 1933. During World War II, both Cowes and East Cowes became the targets of frequent bombing due to its industry and proximity to Southampton and the Royal Navy's home at Portsmouth; the shipyard of J. Samuel White was badly damaged by air attack in early May 1942 but, when rebuilt, innovative ship construction methods had been introduced; the first warship completed by the renewed yard was HMS Cavalier. During the air raid, the local defences had been fortuitously augmented by the Polish destroyer Blyskawica, which put up such a determined defence that, in 2002, the crew's courage was honoured by a local commemoration lasting several days to mark the 60th anniversary of the event.
In 2004, over to the west, an area of Cowes was named Francki Place in honour of the ship's commander. To celebrate the Silver Jubilee of the Queen's coronation in 1977, the main hangar doors of what was the British Hovercraft Corporation were painted with the world's largest image of the Union Flag, which can still be seen today. In January 2015, the car carrier MV Hoegh Osaka bound for Bremerhaven, ran aground on Bramble Bank after developing a heavy list five miles north of the entrance to the River Medina, it has since been re-floated and returned to service. East Cowes is linked to the mainland by Red Funnel’s vehicle ferry service; the Cowes Floating Bridge links East Cowes with Cowes throughout the day. It is a chain ferry, is one of the few remaining not to be replaced by a physical bridge. Southern Vectis operate bus route 4 linking the town with Ryde and bus routes route 5 and 25 linking the town with Newport including intermediate villages; the Isle of Wight Coastal Path runs through East Cowes.
Local industry in both Cowes and East Cowes has always centred on the building and design of marine craft and materials associated with boatmaking, including the early flying boats, sailmaking. East Cowes was once home to the aircraft manufacturer Saunders Roe, who built the large, flying boat The Saunders-Roe Princess, as well as the Black Knight rocket and the Black Arrow satellite carrier rocket, they developed and tested the first hovercraft, the SR. N1; the former Saunders-Roe factory at Venture Quays now produces wind turbines, which can be seen laid on the quay for shipping out. Due to local objections no wind turbines have been allowed to be erected on the Isle of Wight. East Cowes has a Non-League football club East Cowes Victoria Athletic A. F. C. which plays at Beatrice Avenue. They are home to the islands most supported small sided team FC Bayern Bru who play in the islands Leisure Leagues 6-a-side league at Beatrice Avenue, they won the league title in their inaugural season in the winter of 2013.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert Seb Clover – in 2003, Clover set the world record as the youngest cross-Atlantic solo yachtsman, lived in East Cowes Sir Christopher Cockerell, inventor of the hovercraft, lived at White Cottage. Sir George Shedden Roscow George Shedden - Colonial Bishop of Nassau John Nash – architect John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort - World War II Field Marshal and commander of the British Expeditionary Force Lord Mountbatten of Burma, l
Calbourne is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight. It is located 5 miles from Newport in the west of the island; the village takes its name from the stream that passes through the Caul Bourne. The stream used to power five mills just north of the town. In the deed for the land produced in 826 CE, it is recorded as Cawelbourne; the village has a garage, a church and a public house, The Sun Inn. The garage is on the previous site of a wagonmaker. Calbourne is the home of Westover cricket team, who play on the village green. There is a held manor house, Westover House, on a hill overlooking Calbourne; the Westover Estate was established during the reign of Edward the Confessor. Westover House was once owned by Colonel Moulton-Barrett. Colonel Mouton-Barrett was a relative of the poet Elizabeth Barrett. Calbourne is close to the site of Swainston Manor, a mile to the east of Calbourne. Now a hotel, Swainston Manor was a manor house on a site dating back to 735 CE. Eight hundred years ago it became the location of a palace built by the Bishops of Winchester.
It has a 12th-century chapel on its 32 acres. Most of the present building was constructed in the 18th century, but an attached hall dates from the 13th century. Warwick the Kingmaker dined at Swainston Manor; the Calbourne Mill was first mentioned in print in 1299. Calbourne is the location of Winkle Street, a picturesque row of cottages which appears on photographs and postcards of the Isle of Wight. Winkle Street looks out on the village stream. Winkle Street was named Barrington Row after longtime residents of Swainston, the Barrington family. All Saints' Church, in the centre of Calbourne, was established in 826, it features a brass portrait of an armoured knight with hands folded in prayer, resting his feet on a dog. The pictured knight is thought to be William Montacure, Earl of Salisbury and a governor of the island in the 14th century. Legend has it; the heartbroken father created altar tombs in every church in every village in which he owned land or houses. It is linked to other parts of the Island by Southern Vectis and Community buses Yarmouth and Newport.
A fictionalised Calbourne, as "Malbourne", is the central location of Maxwell Gray's 1886 novel The Silence of Dean Maitland. W24 Calbourne Swainston Manor A website with pictures of Calbourne