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Giant Gippsland earthworm

The giant Gippsland earthworm, Megascolides australis, is one of Australia's 1,000 native earthworm species. It is commonly known as karmai, taken from the Bunwurrung language; these giant earthworms average 1 metre long and 2 centimetres in diameter and can reach 3 metres in length. On average they weigh about 200 grams, they have a dark purple head and a blue-grey body, about 300 to 400 body segments. They live in the subsoil of blue, grey or red clay soils along stream banks and some south- or west-facing hills of their remaining habitat, in Gippsland in Victoria, Australia; these worms require water in their environment to respire. They have long life spans for invertebrates and can take 5 years to reach maturity, they breed in the warmer months and produce egg capsules that are 4 centimetres to 7 centimetres in length which are laid in their burrows. When these worms hatch in 12 months they are around 20 centimetres long at birth. Unlike most earthworms which deposit castings on the surface, they spend all their time in burrows about 52 centimetres in depth and deposit their castings there, can only be flushed out by heavy rain.

They are very sluggish, but when they move through their burrows, it can cause an audible gurgling or sucking sound which allows them to be detected. Gippsland earthworm colonies are small and isolated, the species' low reproductive rates and slow maturation make those small populations vulnerable, their natural habitats are grasslands, while they can survive beneath pastures, heavy cattle grazing and effluent run-off are adversarial to the species. The Gippsland earthworm requires moist loamy soil to thrive. No successful breeding has yet been achieved in captivity; until it closed in 2012 amid animal welfare concerns, Wildlife Wonderland Park near Bass, was home to the Giant Earthworm Museum. Inside the worm-shaped museum, visitors could crawl through a magnified replica of a worm burrow and a simulated worm's stomach. Displays and educational material on the giant Gippsland earthworm and other natural history of Gippsland were featured. Interest in the Giant Gippsland earthworm has been exploited by the local tourist industry with an annual Karmai festival in Korumburra and a Giant Worm Museum at Bass.

Giant Palouse earthworm - A vulnerable North American species. Oregon giant earthworm - A relative of the Palouse earthworm. Specimens have been recorded at 1.3 m long. Lake Pedder earthworm - Listed as the first "extinct" worm species from its original unique Tasmanian habitat. Lumbricus badensis - Giant earthworm. Microchaetus rappi - Giant South African earthworm. World Conservation Monitoring Centre. "Megascolides australis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1996. Retrieved 11 May 2006.old-form url Listed as Vulnerable Giant Gippsland earthworm at the Museum Victoria website


Spalathra or Spalauthra called Spalethre and Spalathron, was a town and polis of Magnesia, in ancient Thessaly, upon the Pagasetic Gulf. It is conjectured that this town is meant by Lycophron, who describes Prothous, the leader of the Magnetes in the Iliad, as ὁ ἐκ Παλαύθρων; the town is mentioned in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax as a city in Magnesia, together with Iolcus, Coracae and Olizon. The toponym is related to the Greek word "σπάλαθρον", meaning fire poker. From the shape of the peninsula on which it sat. Spalathra was located within the limits of modern Chorto; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Spalathra". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray

London Film Critics Circle Awards 2017

The 38th London Film Critics' Circle Awards, honouring the best in film for 2017, were announced by the London Film Critics' Circle on 28 January 2018 at The May Fair Hotel, in Mayfair, London. Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Call Me by Your Name Dunkirk The Florida Project Get Out God's Own Country Lady Bird Loveless Phantom Thread The Shape of Water Dunkirk God's Own Country Lady Macbeth Paddington 2 Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Elle Aquarius The Handmaiden Loveless Raw I Am Not Your Negro 78/52 Human Flow Jane The Work Sean Baker – The Florida Project Guillermo del Toro – The Shape of Water Luca Guadagnino – Call Me by Your Name Martin McDonagh – Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Christopher Nolan – Dunkirk Martin McDonagh – Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Paul Thomas Anderson – Phantom Thread Greta Gerwig – Lady Bird James Ivory – Call Me by Your Name Jordan Peele – Get Out Timothée Chalamet – Call Me by Your Name Daniel Day-Lewis – Phantom Thread James FrancoThe Disaster Artist Daniel Kaluuya – Get Out Gary OldmanDarkest Hour Frances McDormand – Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Annette BeningFilm Stars Don't Die in Liverpool Sally Hawkins – The Shape of Water Isabelle Huppert – Elle Florence Pugh – Lady Macbeth Hugh Grant – Paddington 2 Willem Dafoe –The Florida Project Woody Harrelson – Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Sam Rockwell – Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Michael Stuhlbarg – Call Me by Your Name Lesley Manville – Phantom Thread Lily GladstoneCertain Women Holly HunterThe Big Sick Allison JanneyI, Tonya Laurie Metcalf – Lady Bird Daniel Kaluuya – Get Out Daniel Day-Lewis – Phantom Thread Colin FarrellThe Killing of a Sacred Deer / The Beguiled Josh O'Connor – God's Own Country Gary Oldman – Darkest Hour / The Space Between Us Sally Hawkins – The Shape of Water / Maudie / Paddington 2 Emily Beecham – Daphne Judi DenchVictoria & Abdul / Murder on the Orient Express Florence Pugh – Lady Macbeth Saoirse Ronan – Lady Bird / Loving Vincent Harris DickinsonBeach Rats Tom HollandThe Lost City of Z / Spider-Man: Homecoming Noah JupeSuburbicon / Wonder / The Man with the Iron Heart Dafne Keen – Logan Fionn Whitehead – Dunkirk Francis Lee – God's Own Country Alice Birch – Lady Macbeth Simon FarnabyPaddington 2 / Mindhorn Rungano NyoniI Am Not a Witch William Oldroyd – Lady Macbeth We Love Moses – Dionne Edwards The Cloud of Unknowing – Mike Hannon The Dog and the Elephant – Mike Sharpe Tuesday – Charlotte Wells Your Mother and I – Anna Maguire Blade Runner 2049Dennis Gassner, production design Baby Driver – Darrin Prescott, stunts Dunkirk – Hans Zimmer, music God's Own Country – Joshua James Richards, cinematography Lady Macbeth – Holly Waddington, costumes The Lost City of Z – Darius Khondji, cinematography The Love WitchEmma Willis, hair & makeup Paddington 2 – Pablo Grillo, visual effects Phantom Thread – Mark Bridges, costumes Star Wars: The Last JediBen Morris, visual effects Kate Winslet

Foreign trade of the United States

Foreign trade of the United States comprises the international imports and exports of the United States, one of the world's most significant economic markets. The country is among exporters; the regulation of trade is constitutionally vested in the United States Congress. After the Great Depression, the country emerged as among the most significant global trade policy-makers, it is now a partner to a number of international trade agreements, including the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization. Gross U. S. assets held by foreigners were $16.3 trillion as of the end of 2006. The country has trade relations with many other countries. Within that, the trade with Europe and Asia is predominant. To fulfill the demands of the industrial sector, the country has to import mineral oil and iron ore on a large scale. Machinery, cotton yarn, mineral oil, steel, sugar and many more items are traded; the country's export list includes food grains like wheat and soybean. Aeroplane, computers and machine tools required for different industries.

In 2016 United States current account balance was −$469,400,000,000. The Constitution gives Congress express power over the imposition of tariffs and the regulation of international trade; as a result, Congress can enact laws including those that: establish tariff rates. Over time, under prescribed circumstances, Congress has delegated some of its trade authority to the Executive Branch. Congress, has, in some cases, kept tight reins on the use of this authority by requiring that certain trade laws and programs be renewed; the authority of Congress to regulate international trade is set out in Article I, Section 8, Paragraph 1 of the United States Constitution: The Congress shall have power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and to promote the general Welfare of the United States. During the Civil War period, leaders of the Confederacy were confident that Britain would come to their aid because of British reliance on Southern cotton.

The Union was able to avoid this, through skillful use of diplomacy and threats to other aspects of European-U. S. trade relations. Near the end of the Second World War U. S. policy makers began to experiment on a broader level. In the 1940s, working with the British government, the United States developed two innovations to expand and govern trade among nations: the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the International Trade Organization. GATT was a temporary multilateral agreement designed to provide a framework of rules and a forum to negotiate trade barrier reductions among nations; the growing importance of international trade led to the establishment of the Office of the U. S. Trade Representative in 1963 by Executive Order 11075 called The Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations. United States trade policy has varied through various American historical and industrial periods; as a major developed nation, the U. S. has relied on the import of raw materials and the export of finished goods.

Because of the significance for American economy and industry, much weight has been placed on trade policy by elected officials and business leaders. The 1920s marked a decade of economic growth in the United States following a Classical supply side policy. U. S. President Warren Harding signed the Emergency Tariff of 1921 and the Fordney–McCumber Tariff of 1922. Harding's policies reduced taxes and protected U. S. business and agriculture. Following the Great Depression and World War II, the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference brought the Bretton Woods currency agreement followed by the economy of the 1950s and 1960s. In 1971, President Richard Nixon ended U. S. ties to Bretton Woods, leaving the U. S. with a floating fiat currency. The stagflation of the 1970s saw a U. S. economy characterized by slower GDP growth. In 1988, the United States ranked first in the world in the Economist Intelligence Unit "quality of life index" and third in the Economic Freedom of the World Index. Over the long run, nations with trade surpluses tend to have a savings surplus.

The U. S. has developed lower savings rates than its trading partners, which have tended to have trade surpluses. Germany, France and Canada have maintained higher savings rates than the U. S. over the long run. Some economists believe that GDP and employment can be dragged down by an over-large deficit over the long run. Others believe; the opportunity cost of a forgone tax base may outweigh perceived gains where artificial currency pegs and manipulations are present to distort trade. In 2006, the primary economic concerns focused on: high national debt, high non-bank corporate debt, high mortgage debt, high financial institution debt, high unfunded Medicare liability, high unfunded Social Security liability, high external debt and a serious deterioration in the United States net international investment position, high trade de

2004 Kansas City Royals season

The 2004 Kansas City Royals season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Royals finishing 5th in the American League Central with a record of 58 wins and 104 losses, it was one of the most disappointing seasons in Royals' history. The team had been picked by many sporting magazines to win the AL Central following their third-place finish in 2003. Injuries of veteran acquisitions did the Royals in. Catcher Benito Santiago and outfielder Juan González both played few games for the boys in blue. Mike Sweeney was injured during the campaign; as a result, the Royals set a new record for most losses in franchise history. January 6, 2004: Juan Gonzalez signed as a Free Agent with the Kansas City Royals. January 16, 2004: Doug Linton was signed as a Free Agent with the Kansas City Royals. July 30, 2004: Justin Huber was traded by the New York Mets to the Kansas City Royals for José Bautista. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting Average. = Batting Average.