Kentford is a village and civil parish in the Forest Heath district of Suffolk in eastern England. In 2010 it had a population of 457. Located just off the A14, close to the border with Cambridgeshire, it is served by nearby Kennett railway station. Media related to Kentford at Wikimedia Commons Kentford Village Website St Mary, Kentford Suffolk Churches
Thetford Forest is the largest lowland pine forest in Britain and is located in a region straddling the north of Suffolk and the south of Norfolk in England. It covers over 19,000 ha in the form of a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Thetford Forest was created after the First World War to provide a strategic reserve of timber, since the country had lost so many oaks and other slow-growing trees as a consequence of the war's demands, it is managed by the Forestry Commission. The creation of the forest destroyed much of the typical Breckland environment of gorse and sandy ridges, ending the frequent sand blows. However, this environment was itself man-made, since the area had been denuded by flint-mining, the construction of rabbit warrens and other activities. Grimes Graves is located within the forest. By the end of the First World War the economic position of the large landed estates in England were bleak and acute in areas of poor soil like Breckland. Farms were left untenanted and land became derelict.
At this time the Forestry Commission had been established. In 1922, the first purchases of land were made with over 80% of the land in Thetford Forest acquired in the 1920s and 1930s in the form of large blocks of land from the former estates. Since the forest's inception decisions affecting the forest have been taken locally at the Divisional Offices at Santon Downham. At a local level, authority rested with the District Officers. Many of these officers were recruited from affluent, land owning families who were attracted into forestry at the time when much of agriculture was in a depressed state. Foresters were the next level in the hierarchy and were recruited from the forestry workers and by the 1940s they were trained for two years in the Commission's Forestry Schools. Beneath them were the foremen who supervised the forestry workers; the forest workers were organised into gangs of between three and thirty, their tasks included clearing ground, planting and brashing and thinning. Breckland of the 1920s was an area of high unemployment and the Commission had few problems recruiting staff.
From the outset the Commission believed. Many people were keen to take up forestry work as the job included a tied cottage, many with an attached small holding. By the late 1920s, unemployed people miners, from the depressed areas of the North of England were housed in the forest holdings; as the depression deepened training camps were established. From 1928 up to 1938, 21 camps and a further 10 only used in the summer months housing a total of 6000 men were scattered throughout the infant forest; the unemployment schemes and mass unemployment came to an end with the onset of World War II. The war years saw a drastic shortage of labour as local men joined the armed forces or took up other jobs; this led to a significant number of women employed in the forest. They were employed by the Timber Production Department, by 1943 the Women's Land Army had a training camp at Wordwell on the edge of the forest. With the end of the war women workers decreased. In 1946, the Forest Workers Training Scheme was set up providing one year's training for demobbed servicemen.
During the post-war years the number of people employed increased to 570 by 1950. However, with the development of the nearby town of Thetford recruitment of labour became more difficult. With the introduction of modern technology and the use of modern weedkillers these problems eased through the sixties and by the mid-1970s the numbers of workers was similar to the 1930s; the vast quantities of trees needed for the forest in its infancy needed huge amounts of seed much of it obtained locally. Men and women were sent out into the countryside, gathering cones from existing plantations and pine hedges; as the new plantations matured it was possible to obtain seed from the forest itself. From 1925 the seed was extracted from the cones at the Seed Extraction Unit at Santon Downham, this continued to be operated until 1964. Once the seed had germinated the seedlings were transplanted after one year's growth; this was increased to two years. After being lined out in the nursery they were grown on for one to two years before they were planted in the forest.
As soon as a property was acquired by the Commission planting began with the majority of the forest planted within the first 20 years. The scots pine was the initial choice as the main forest tree given the adverse local conditions and seeds being available in the locality. However, the corsican pine was being established at several locations from the early 1920s. Today, the tree is the dominant species in the forest owing to its having greater resistance to fungal diseases and insect pests, more tolerance of the thin chalky soils and producing a higher volume of timber per acre. Many other species of conifer were planted including the Douglas fir and larch but these were less tolerant of local conditions than the pines. Substantial numbers of indigenous hardwood trees were planted in the 1930s. Oak and beech plantings were vulnerable to spring frosts and deer proved a threat to the beech saplings. Oak tended to fare better but they grew compared to pines, were considered uneconomic with numbers being planted declining.
However, hardwood trees have been planted to form narrow roadside belts acting as a fire control measure. Besides oak and beech a wide variety of species including lime, red oak and maple have been established; as the trees became established and were 20 feet high all side shoots up to six feet were removed. This process called brashing ensured easy acce
Matthew John David Hancock is a British politician of the Conservative Party serving as Member of Parliament for West Suffolk since 2010 and Secretary of State for Health and Social Care since 2018. Hancock was born in Cheshire. Hancock studied PPE at Exeter College and Economics at Christ's College, Cambridge, he worked as an economist for the Bank of England before becoming an economic advisor to George Osborne. Following his election in 2010, he served in a number of middle-ranking ministerial positions from September 2013 onwards under both David Cameron and Theresa May, he was promoted to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport in January 2018. On 9 July 2018, after the promotion of Jeremy Hunt to Foreign Secretary, Hancock was named Secretary of State for Health and Social Care. Hancock was educated in Farndon, Cheshire, he graduated from Oxford University with a 1st in Philosophy and Economics, having studied at Exeter College, Oxford. He went on to earn an MPhil in Economics at the University of Cambridge, where he studied at Christ's College, Cambridge.
Hancock became a member of the Conservative Party in 1999. After university, Hancock worked for his family’s computer software company, before moving to London to work as an economist at the Bank of England, specialising in the housing market. In 2005, he became an economic adviser to the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne becoming Osborne's chief of staff. Hancock stepped down from his role with the party in February 2010 after being selected as one of the final six potential candidates for the West Suffolk constituency in the 2010 general election, he narrowly won the selection contest, which took place in Mildenhall, after four rounds of voting, beating Natalie Elphicke by 88 votes to 81 votes in the final round of voting. Hancock was elected as the Member of Parliament for West Suffolk at the 2010 general election with 24,312 votes, 13,050 votes ahead of Liberal Democrat candidate Belinda Brooks-Gordon. In June, Hancock was elected to the Public Accounts Committee, the select committee responsible for overseeing government expenditures to ensure they are effective and honest.
The frequency of his appearances in the House of Commons and contributions to debates are well above average, he has voted for tuition fees, encouraging occupational pensions and raising VAT. In January 2013, he was accused of dishonesty by Daybreak presenter Matt Barbet after claiming he had been excluded from a discussion about apprentices after turning up "just 30 seconds late". Barbet said Hancock knew he was "much more than a minute late" and he should have arrived half an hour beforehand to prepare for the interview, his opponent expressed surprise that "a minister whose Government berates'shirkers' couldn't be bothered to get out of bed to defend his own policy". In March 2013, Hancock initiated and assisted the development of the Conservative government's minimum wage policy. Against internal and external party opposition, Hancock highlighted that most economic analyses demonstrate that raising the minimum wage had "no discernible effect on the employment prospects of low-wage workers".
In October 2013, he was promoted to Minister of State for Skills & Enterprise in a government reshuffle. In the July 2014 cabinet reshuffle, he was promoted again, this time to Minister of State for Business and Enterprise, Minister of State for Energy, Minister of State for Portsmouth. On 27 July he announced protection from fracking for National Parks—seen as a method of reducing anger in Conservative constituencies ahead of the election. Interviewed on the Radio 4 Today programme, he rejected the suggestion that fracking was unpopular but when challenged was unable to name a single village which supported it. In his role as Minister of State for Energy, he was criticised for hiring a private jet to fly back from a climate conference and accepting money from a key backer of climate change denial organisation Global Warming Policy Foundation. In October 2014, he apologized after retweeting a poem suggesting that the Labour Party was "full of queers", describing his actions as a "total accident".
He became Minister for the Cabinet Office and Paymaster General on 11 May 2015. He headed David Cameron’s "earn or learn" taskforce which aimed to have every young person earning or learning from April 2017, he announced that jobless 18- to 21-year-olds would be required to do work experience as well as looking for jobs, or face losing their benefits. Hancock moved to the Department for Culture and Sport as the Minister of State for Digital and Culture on 15 July 2016 after Theresa May became prime minister; as minister for digital policy, Hancock in June 2017 recommitted to a "full fibre" digital policy. This promises that the UK will enjoy "superfast broadband" at speeds of 24Mbit/s+ for 97% of the UK by 2020. Hancock was promoted from his position as a junior minister within the Culture department to the Secretary of State during the cabinet reshuffle of January 2018, he was promoted further to Secretary of State for Health and Social Care on Monday 9 July 2018. In November 2018 Hancock was criticised after appearing to endorse a mobile phone health app marketed by the subscription health service company Babylon in the Evening Standard.
Babylon sponsored the newspaper article. Justin Madders wrote to Theresa May accusing Hancock of endorsing the products of a company that receives NHS funds for patients it treats, which contravenes ministerial guidelines; the ministerial code includes that ministers should no
Breckland in Norfolk and Suffolk is a 39,433 hectare Special Protection Area under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds. The SPA overlaps the 7,544 hectare Breckland Special Area of Conservation; as a landscape region it is an unusual natural habitat of England. It comprises the gorse-covered sandy heath that lies in the south of the county of Norfolk but in the north of Suffolk. An area of considerable interest for its unusual flora and fauna, it lies to the east of another unusual habitat, the Fens, to the south west of the Broads; the typical tree of this area is the Scots pine. Breckland is one of the driest areas in England; the area of Breckland has been reduced in the twentieth century by the impact of modern farming and the creation in 1914 of Thetford Forest. However substantial areas have been preserved, not least by the presence of the British Army on the Stanford Battle Area. Breckland is one of the few areas in England where the rare and shy golden pheasant may be seen in the wild.
During the Prehistoric period Breckland was mined for flint, evidence for which can be found at Grimes Graves just outside Thetford in Norfolk. The word'Breck' is medieval and was defined as being an area of heathland broken up for cultivation before being allowed to retreat back into wilderness. Up until 200 years ago, much of it consisted of open heathland; the Brecks today are a tourist attraction as well as an area of scientific and geographical interest. The Breckland landscape region has given its name to Breckland District, a local government district that contains most of Norfolk's portion of the Breckland. Parts of Forest Heath and St Edmundsbury districts cover the Suffolk portion; the Great Eastern Pingo Trail is 8 miles of tracks and paths exploring the eastern edge of the Breckland area. The trail takes in the commons at the villages of Thompson and Stow Bedon, heathland at Breckles and Great Hockham. Thompson Water, an artificial lake, the woodland at Thompson Carr form part of the walk.
The name of the trail comes from the former Great Eastern Railway and the large number of collapsed pingos found in the area. The trail may be accessed as a detour from the Peddars Way long distance footpath, it is a Local Nature Reserve. The Brecks www.countrysideaccess.norfolk.gov.uk Tom. "Let's move to... The Breckland, Norfolk"; the Guardian. Retrieved 2009-06-27. Schoon, Nicholas. "Unique wilderness that faces a fight to survive: Farmers in East Anglia are being paid to help recreate a sandy heathland". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-06-27. Bailey, Mark. A marginal economy?: East Anglian Breckland in the Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press. P. 350. ISBN 0-521-36501-5
Barton Mills is a village and civil parish in the Forest Heath district of Suffolk, England. The village is on the south bank of the River Lark. According to Eilert Ekwall the meaning of the village name is Corn farm by the mill; the village was called Barton Parva. The name changed to Barton Mills in the eighteenth century; the Domesday Book records the population of the village in 1086 to be 24. The village is near the Fiveways Roundabout, a busy junction where the A11 London to Norwich trunk road, the A1065 towards North Norfolk and the A1101 roads meet; the village was once the holiday retreat for Alexander Fleming, there is a plaque on the wall outside his country home, The Dhoon, in the main street. Barton Mills hosts a biannual Scarecrow Festival, held in July; the main road through the village is closed to traffic during the two-day-long festival, which includes musical bands, dancing, car boot sales at the local playing fields and viewing scarecrows created by local residents. This festival has been featured in Guinness Book of World Records, boasting the most scarecrows built at any one time.
Www.bartonmills.net Barton in the Domesday Book
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
The Ministry of Housing and Local Government is the UK Government department for housing and local government in England. It was established in May 2006 and is the successor to the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, established in 2001, its headquarters is located at 2 Marsham Street in London, occupation of which it shares with the Home Office. It was renamed to add Housing to its title and changed to a ministry in January 2018. There are corresponding departments in the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern Ireland Executive, responsible for communities and local government in their respective jurisdictions; the MHCLG's ministers are as follows: The Permanent Secretary is Melanie Dawes who took up her post on 1 March 2015. Henry Smith was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government on 26 May 2015. MHCLG was formed in July 2001 as part of the Cabinet Office with the title Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, headed by the Deputy Prime Minister, John Prescott.
In May 2002 the ODPM became a separate department after absorbing the local government and regions portfolios from the defunct Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions. The ODPM was criticised in some quarters for adding little value and the Environmental Audit Committee had reported negatively on the department in the past. During the 5 May 2006 reshuffle of Tony Blair's government, it was renamed and Ruth Kelly succeeded David Miliband to become the first Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government at the Department for Communities and Local Government. In January 2018, as part of Theresa May’s Cabinet Reshuffle, the department was renamed the Ministry of Housing and Local Government; the Ministry is responsible for UK Government policy in the following areas in England: building regulations community cohesion decentralisation fire services and community resilience housing local government planning race equality the Thames Gateway urban regenerationOn its creation it assumed the community policy function of the Home Office.
Ministers have since established the Commission on Integration and Cohesion, the now separate Government Equalities Office, now part of the Department for Education. Planning Inspectorate Queen Elizabeth II Conference CentreThe department was responsible for two other agencies. On 18 July 2011 Ordnance Survey was transferred to the Department for Business and Skills and on 28 February 2013 the Fire Service College was sold to Capita. In January 2007, Ruth Kelly announced proposals to bring together the delivery functions of the Housing Corporation, English Partnerships and parts of the Department for Housing and Local Government to form a new unified housing and regeneration agency, the Homes and Communities Agency. Announced as Communities England, it became operational in December 2008; this includes the Academy for Sustainable Communities. 2008 was the year that the department along with the Local Government Association produced the National Improvement and Efficiency Strategy which led to the creation of nine Regional Improvement and Efficiency Partnerships with devolved funding of £185m to drive sector-led improvement for councils.
Its main counterparts in the devolved nations of the UK are as follows. Scotland Communities Directorates Learning and Justice DirectoratesNorthern Ireland Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister Department of the Environment Department of Finance and Personnel Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety Department for Social Development Wales Welsh Government Department for Local Government and Public Services Budget of the United Kingdom Council house Energy efficiency in British housing Flag protocol Homes and Communities Agency Local Resilience Forum English Partnerships Housing Corporation Housing estate Social Exclusion Task Force Local Government Association Regional Improvement and Efficiency Partnership Official website Local Government Channel Communities UK YouTube channel
Freckenham is a small rural village located in Suffolk, East Anglia, in the country of England. Geographically, it is flat and has the River Kennet, a tributary of the River Lark locally known as the Lee Brook, cutting through the centre of the village; the parish's boundary forms, on its west and south sides, the boundary between Cambridgeshire and Suffolk. The village's name is listed as "Frekeham" in 895, appears in the Domesday Book as "Frakenaham"; the name is believed to mean "homestead of a man called Freca", or derive from frecena a Saxon word meaning "the home of strong men or warriors". The parish of Freckenham has been inhabited since neolithic times. With fens on three sides, early residents completed their defense by raising earthworks that are believed to have reached twenty feet in height; the remains can still be found in the field by the church, Beacon Mound, used to relay messages in medieval times was added as part of them in c.14th century. The hoard of around 90 Iron Age gold coins dating from about AD 20, found in the area of Mortimer's Lane suggests that the village lay within the territory of the Iceni tribe.
Many of these well-preserved coins are now housed in the British Museum. It is probable that Romans occupied the area, the celebrated Mildenhall Treasure were found only a few miles away. During the Dark Ages the village may well have witnessed any of the many Saxon raids on the region and may be the origin of the many bones buried near the church; the first written record of the village dates from 896 when Alfred the Great gave "Freckenham in the County of Suffolk and my small estate in Yselham" to Burricus, Bishop of Rochester. In the tenth century the conquering Vikings sold the village, but it was restored to Rochester only to be lost again when Sweyn Forkbeard invaded and is believed to have destroyed the village's castle, of which only the motte mound remains; when the Vikings were expelled in 1046 the parish passed to Harold Godwinson and in 1066 to Odo of Bayeux brother of William the Conqueror. When Odo fell from favour, the village once again became the property of the Bishop of Rochester and remained in his property with only minor interruptions until in 1537, it was sold to Sir Ralph Warren, twice Lord Mayor of London.
The draining of The Fens in the late 17th century radically changed the region, removing the fishing industry that dominated the area. The village folk thus turned their attention to farming the newly drained land and the primary industry has been arable farming in the centuries since, it is that a place of Christian worship has existed on the site of the present church since the third century, though no archaeological trace remains. Work on the present church began in the chancel dates from this time; the nave was added in the 14th century, a tower was built in around 1475, though collapsed in 1882, being restored soon after in its original style. The original thatched roof was tiled in 1866; the carved pew ends are noted and there is an alabaster plaque dedicated to Saint Eloi a patron saint of blacksmiths. The five bells date from between 1623 and 1809; the church is dedicated to Saint Andrew, has been in the patronage of Peterhouse, Cambridge since 1760, the college's first. There is a 1281 reference to the "Chappell of the Blessed Mary", indicating that the village was of sufficient size to merit a second place of worship.
Due to a low population it contains limited facilities, but these include a 16th-century pub, The Golden Boar, a church, a village hall. Children in the area attend schools in neighbouring towns; the Bishops of Rochester have been Lords of the Manor from the time King Alfred gave the property to Burricus. In 1537, Bishop John conveyed the manor to his wife Christina. Sir Ralph was Lord Mayor of London and he appointed Edward Crome and Nicholas Wilson as his Trustees. Joan, daughter to Sir Ralph, married Sir Henry Cromwell, his son and heir, Sir Oliver Cromwell, alienated the manor in 1600 to Sir Stephen Soame. He was succeeded by his son Sir Thomas Soame. Sir Thomas, knighted by King Charles I of England in 1641, had been Sheriff of London in 1635, MP in the Short Parliament, in the Long Parliament from 1641, he was Alderman for Ventry and of Cheap from 1640 to 1651, when he was deprived by the republican government. He was reinstated in 1660 on the Restoration of King Charles II of England, he died in 1670, aged 88.
The manor appears to have devolved on his two daughters Bridget, married to Robert Russell of Freckenham, Cicely, who re-married as her second husband Thomas Cage. She conveyed her share of the Lordship to her brother-in-law Robert Russell. Meanwhile, she directed her executors to give £ 500 to Seckford Cage; the law was that a wife's property became her husband's on their marriage and Thomas Cage refused to make the transfer. Seckford Cage took his father to Chancery Division and sued him for the money, granted by the Court in 1680. Robert Russell sold the manor to Sir Samuel Clarke, created a Baronet in 1698, he came from Snailwell and married Mary, daughter of Major Robert Thompson, of Newington Green, Middlesex. Sir Samuel died in 1719, he was succeeded at Freckenham by his son, Sir Robert, 2nd Baronet who represented Cambridge in Parliament in 1717. A younger son Samuel died in his father's lifetime, but there were three daughters, the third, being important for our descent of the Lordship.
She married Arthur Barnardiston, youngest son of Sir Nathaniel Barnardiston, 23rd in lineal descent of his family. Sir Robert died in 1746, w