Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.
The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922, Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.
Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Following his death from tuberculosis in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million, he remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman.
Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953, Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For twenty years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times.
In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013, Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage; the decision was made to stop printing Daily Variety with the last printed edition published on March 19, 2013 with the headline "Variety A
Principal photography is the phase of film production in which the bulk of the movie is filmed, with actors on set and cameras rolling, as distinct from pre-production and post-production. Principal photography is the most expensive phase of film production, due to actor and set crew salaries, as well as the costs of certain shots, on-set special effects, its start marks a point of no return for the financiers, because until it is complete, there is unlikely to be enough material filmed to release a final product needed to recoup costs. While it is common for a film to lose its greenlight status during pre-production – for example, because an important cast member drops out or unexpectedly dies, or some kind of scandal engulfs the studio or an actor – it is uncommon for financing to be withdrawn once principal photography has begun. Feature films have insurance in place by the time principal photography begins; the death of a bankable star before completing all planned takes, or the loss of sets or footage can render a film impossible to complete as planned.
For example, sets are notoriously flammable. Furthermore, professional-quality movie cameras are rented as needed, most camera houses will not allow rentals of their equipment without proof of insurance. Once a film concludes principal photography, it is said to have wrapped, a wrap party may be organized to celebrate. During post-production, it may become clear that certain shots or sequences are missing or incomplete and are required to complete the film, or that a certain scene is not playing as expected, or as seen in the late stages of filming The Hate U Give, that a particular actor's performance or behavior has not turned out as desired, causing him or her to be replaced with another. In these circumstances, additional material may have to be shot. If the material has been shot once, or is substantial, the process is referred to as a re-shoot, but if the material is new and minor, it is referred to as a pick-up. Learning materials related to Filmmaking at Wikiversity Media related to Filmmaking at Wikimedia Commons
Brian Cox (actor)
Brian Denis Cox is a Scottish actor who works with the Royal Shakespeare Company, where he gained recognition for his portrayal of King Lear. Cox is known for appearing in Super Troopers, The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy, X2, Rushmore, Rise of the Planet of the Apes, Troy, he was the first actor to portray Hannibal Lecter on film in 1986's Manhunter. An Emmy Award winner, Cox has been nominated for Golden Globe, BAFTA, Screen Actors Guild Awards. In 2006, Empire readers voted him the recipient of the Empire Icon Award. Cox was born in the only son and youngest of five children, he is from a working-class Roman Catholic family, of Scottish descent. His mother, Mary Ann Guillerline, was a spinner who worked in the jute mills and suffered several nervous breakdowns during Cox's childhood, his father, Charles McArdle Campbell Cox, was a butcher and a shopkeeper, died when Cox was eight years old. Cox was brought up by his four elder sisters, he joined the Dundee Repertory Theatre at the age of 14.
Cox was educated at St Mary's Forebank Primary School, followed by St Michael's Junior Secondary School, which he left at the age of 15. After working at Dundee Repertory Theatre for a few years, he went to drama school from the age of 17 to 19, at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art. Cox left the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art in 1965 when he joined the Lyceum company in Edinburgh, followed in 1966 by two years with the Birmingham Rep, where his roles included the title role in Peer Gynt and Orlando in As You Like It, in which he made his London debut in June 1967 at the Vaudeville Theatre, he made his first television appearance in an episode of The Wednesday Play in 1965 and made one-off appearances in several other TV shows before taking a lead role in The Year of the Sex Olympics in 1968. A recurring rumour that Cox made uncredited appearances as an extra in several episodes of The Prisoner was disproved by the actor in an interview with Bullz-Eye.com, where he confirmed, "I would've loved to have been in The Prisoner, I remember seeing it, I watched it when it first came out.
I'm old enough to have watched it and, yes, to have been an extra in it. But I never was." In 1978, he played King Henry II of England in the acclaimed BBC2 drama serial The Devil's Crown, following which he starred in many other television dramas. His first film appearance was as Leon Trotsky in Nicholas and Alexandra in 1971. Cox is an accomplished Shakespearean actor, spending seasons with both the Royal Shakespeare Company and the National Theatre in the 1980s and 1990s, his work with the RSC included a critically acclaimed performance as the title character in Titus Andronicus, as well as playing Petruchio in The Taming of The Shrew. Cox said that his performance in Titus Andronicus was "the greatest stage performance I've given." Cox portrayed Burgundy opposite Laurence Olivier in the title role of King Lear. He went on to play King Lear at the National Theatre. In 1986, during the production of Manhunter, while Cox was playing Hannibal Lecktor, Anthony Hopkins was playing King Lear on stage at the National Theatre.
Five years during the production of The Silence of the Lambs in which Hopkins took over as the named Lecter, Cox was playing King Lear at the National Theatre. At the time, the two actors shared the same agent. In 1984, he played the Royal Ulster Constabulary officer Inspector Nelson in the Royal Court's production of Rat in the Skull, he was subsequently awarded that year's Laurence Olivier Award for'Best Actor in a New Play. In 1991, he played the role of Owen Benjamin, the closeted father of a gay man, in the BBC "Screen 2" production of David Leavitt's novel, The Lost Language of Cranes, set in the 1980s. In 1993, he appeared as British spymaster Major Hogan in two episodes of the British television series Sharpe. In the same year, he was seen in an episode of Inspector Morse, where he portrayed Michael Steppings, a retired bookmaker whose daughter is in a permanent coma. In 1994, he played the role of Colonel Grushko,'a policeman who sees greed and rapacity in Russia's new mood', in Grushko, a British-made crime drama set in Russia.
His most famous appearances include Rob Roy, The Ring, X2, The Bourne Supremacy. He plays villains, such as William Stryker in X2, Agamemnon in Troy, Pariah Dark in the Danny Phantom television series episode "Reign Storm", devious CIA official Ward Abbott in the first two Bourne films, in Chain Reaction. In 2001, he received critical acclaim for his performance as a paedophile in Michael Cuesta's L. I. E.. He has played more sympathetic characters, such as Edward Norton's father in 25th Hour. Super Troopers had him play a fatherly senior police officer, he played Rachel McAdams' father in Red Eye and appeared in the U. S. sitcom Frasier as the father of Daphne Moon. He was the protagonist in the film The Escapist. Cox made a guest appearance in the 1997 Red Dwarf episode "Stoke Me a Clipper", as a medieval king in a virtual reality game, he won an Emmy Award and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award that year for his portrayal of Hermann Göring in Nuremberg, appeared as Jack Langrishe in the HBO series Deadwood.
In 2002, he appeared in Spike Jonze's Charlie Kaufman-scripted Adaptation as the real-life screenwriting teacher, Robert McKee, giving advice to Nicolas Cage in both his roles, as Charlie Kaufman and Charlie's fictional twin brother, Donald. In 2004, Cox played
Minds Eye Entertainment
Established in 1986, Minds Eye Entertainment is a Canadian independent production and distribution company. Some of Minds Eye's previous slate and upcoming feature film titles include the action drama The Tall Man starring Jessica Biel in a performance as a small town mother investigating the mysterious disappearance of her child that had its world festival premier at the 2012 SXSW Festival. Minds Eye Entertainment has produced over 250 hours of television, ranging from children's series, to travel adventure series, legal dramas and dramatic mini-series. Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story became the highest rated mini-series in the past five years on CBC Television and The Englishman's Boy won an industry leading 6 Geminis; the Humanity Bureau Starring Nicolas Cage Forsaken Starring Kiefer and Donald Sutherland. Stranded Directed by Academy Award winner Roger Christian. Stars Christian Slater, Brendan Fehr, Amy Matysio and Michael Therriault. 13 Eerie A Saskatchewan - Ontario Co-production between Minds Eye Entertainment and Don Carmody Productions.
Stars Katharine Isabelle, Brendan Fehr and Michael Shanks. The Tall Man A Canada-France International Treaty Co-production between Minds Eye Entertainment, Radar Films, Forecast Pictures and SND. Stars Jessica Biel, Jodelle Ferland and Stephen McHattie. Faces In The Crowd A Canada-France International Treaty Co-Production between Minds Eye Entertainment, Radar Films, Forecast Pictures and Voltage Pictures. Stars Milla Jovovich, Julian McMahon, Michael Shanks and Sarah Wayne Callies. Lullaby for Pi A Canada-France International Treaty Co-Production between Minds Eye Entertainment, Forecast Pictures, Killer Films, Studio 37 and Kinology. Stars Rupert Friend, Clémence Poésy and Forest Whitaker. Ticket Out Stars Ray Liotta and Billy Burke. Dolan's Emmanuelle Vaugier and Wes Bentley; the Shortcut A co-production between Minds Eye Entertainment and Scary Madison. Grace Stars Jordan Ladd. Walled In A Canada-France International Treaty Co-Production between Minds Eye Entertainment and Forecast Pictures. Stars Mischa Barton.
Intern Academy Stars Dave Thomas, Dan Aykroyd and Dave Foley. Falling Angels Stars Callum Keith Rennie. One Last Dance Stars Patrick Swayze and Lisa Niemi; the Unsaid Stars Andy Garcia. Held Up Stars Jamie Foxx and Nia Long; the Lost Daughter Stars Richard Chamberlain. Around the Next Bend A 12-episode travel adventure series for HiFiHDtv. Hollywood: Saskatchewan A three-part documentary series for SCN; the Englishman's Boy A two-part dramatic mini-series for CBC Television. Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story A two-part dramatic mini-series for CBC Television. 2030 CE A Saskatchewan - Manitoba - Alberta Co-production between Minds Eye Entertainment, Buffalo Gal Pictures, Yan Moore Productions Ltd. Angela Bruce Productions Inc and Minds Eye International for YTV. Just Cause A 22-episode legal drama series produced for PAX. MythQuest A 13-episode series produced for PBS. Prairie Berry Pie A 26-episode children's series produced for Global Television Network. Mentors A 52-episode series produced for Family Channel.
Incredible Story Studio A 65-episode series for YTV
Aaron Poole is a Canadian actor. Poole grew up in Barrie and attended Barrie Central Collegiate, he is a graduate of the Etobicoke School of the Arts and George Brown College. Poole's credits include the films Killing Zelda Sparks and This Beautiful City, the television series Strange Days at Blake Holsey High and ZOS: Zone of Separation, he was nominated for Best Actor at the 29th Genie Awards for his performance in This Beautiful City. Poole starred in Ed Gass-Donnelly's second feature film Small Town Murder Songs in 2010, he appeared in the movie Fury. Poole is an executive producer and one of the lead actors in The Conspiracy, a mockumentary thriller which opened at one location in Toronto on July 19, 2013 and is expected to hit other major cities in Canada a few weeks followed by some U. S. cities. The latest project he worked on was a film called Forsaken with Kiefer Sutherland; this Beautiful City Killing Zelda Sparks Small Town Murder Songs Margo Lily The Last Will and Testament of Rosalind Leigh Fury The Conspiracy Cas & Dylan The Animal Project Relative Happiness The Captive No Stranger Than Love Forsaken The Scent of Rain and Lightning The Void as Daniel Carter Mary Goes Round The Education of Fredrick Fitzell The Empty Man as Paul Living in Your Car Republic of Doyle King Flashpoint Copper The Listener Strange Empire Murdoch Mysteries Aaron Poole on IMDb