Fort Apollonia is a fort in Beyin, Ghana. The name Apollonia was given to the area by a Portuguese explorer who sighted the place on the Feast of Saint Apollonia,9 February, the Swedes established a trading post at Apollona as part of the Swedish Gold Coast between 1655-1657. In 1691, a British trading post was erected at this site, after the abolition of slave trade, the fort was abandoned in 1819, but it was again occupied from 1836 onwards. Four years later, however, on 6 April 1872, the fort was, along with the entire Dutch Gold Coast, again transferred to the United Kingdom, the fort was restored between 1962 and 1968
Fort Nassau, Ghana
Fort Nassau, near Moree, was the first fort that the Dutch established on what would become the Dutch Gold Coast. From 1598 onward, Dutch merchants traded on the Gold Coast of Africa, although the Gold Coast was already settled by Portuguese, there was little effort to evict the Dutch, as the military resources were committed to the war in Europe. This changed after the signing of the Twelve Years Truce between Portugal-Spain and the Dutch Republic in 1609, the Portuguese now had sufficient resources to protect their trade monopoly, and began attacking the Dutch factories on the coast. The factory at Mouri was burned to the ground in 1610, Dutch traders petitioned the States-General of the Dutch Republic to build a fort on the coast. The States-General was receptive of their demands, and sent Jacob Clantius, in 1612, the Treaty of Asebu was signed between the Dutch and the chief of Asebu, which allowed for the establishment of Fort Nassau at Mouri. In 1612, Clantius built a fort at Mouri, which.
In 1624, the Dutch considerably expanded the fort, Fort Nassau served as the capital of the Dutch Gold Coast from its establishment until 1637, when the Dutch captured Fort Elmina from the Portuguese. Britain was at war with the Dutch Republic and Shirley launched an attack on 17 February on the Dutch outpost at Elmina. Leander and Shirley went on to four small Dutch forts, Fort Nassau, Fort Amsterdam at Kormantine, Fort Goede Hoop at Senya Beraku. Shirley garrisoned those facilities with personnel from Cape Coast Castle
Fort Amsterdam, Ghana
Fort Amsterdam is a fort in Kormantin, Central region, Ghana. It was built by the English between 1638 and 1645 as Fort Cormantin or Fort Courmantyne, and was captured by admiral Engel de Ruyter of the Dutch West India Company in 1665. It was subsequently part of the Dutch Gold Coast. The Fort is located at Abandze on the north-east of Cape Coast in the Central Region of Ghana, early in 1782, Captain Thomas Shirley in the 50-gun ship Leander and the sloop-of-war Alligator sailed to the Dutch Gold Coast. Britain was at war with The Netherlands and Shirley captured the small Dutch forts at Moree, Apam, Senya Beraku, the village of Abandze has grown around the site of the fort today
Osu Castle, known as Fort Christiansborg or simply the Castle, is a castle located in Osu, Ghana on the coast of the Atlantic Oceans Gulf of Guinea. It serves as the place where the president of Ghana John Atta Mills is buried, in a bird sanctuary. The area was first occupied in 1550 by the Portuguese, though in the 17th-century Portuguese influence diminished, the area came under the control of Sweden in the 1650s, led by the Dutch trader Henry Caerlof. In 1652, he was given permission to build a small fortified lodge by the King of Accra, in 1660, control passed to the Netherlands but it was soon lost to Denmark-Norway. In 1657, Caerlof had again traveled to Africa, this time representing Denmark-Norway and he aimed to conquer the forts he had previously established, which he found easy at Osu. In its early life, the castle was used in the gold and ivory trade. Osu Castle was located close to two other forts, Fort Crèvecoeur was controlled by the Dutch and Fort James by the British. The settlement at Osu was too small to store sufficient goods to compete with the others, Denmark-Norway would occupy the fort for most of the next 200 years, with some interruptions, and for much of that time it served as the capital of the Gold Coast of Denmark-Norway.
In 1679 or 1680, the forts Greek assistant commander incited a mutiny to murder the commander, shortly after that, a Portuguese ship commanded by Julião de Campos Barreto visited the fort and agreed to purchase it. The fort was named Fort São Francisco Xavier after the Catholic missionary Francis Xavier, the Portuguese built a chapel and raised the bastions by three feet. The fort was abandoned on 29 August 1682 after the garrison mutinied, Danish forces returned in February 1683 after purchasing the fort back from the Portuguese. In 1685, Fort Christiansborg became the capital of the Gold Coast of Denmark-Norway, the Akwamu ethnic group occupied the fort in 1693 after overpowering the occupants while disguised as merchants. Asamani, the Akwamu leader, occupied the fort for a year, in 1694, Assameni sold the fort back to Denmark-Norway for 50 marks of gold but retained the keys, which are still in the ethnic groups possession to this day. The early 18th century was not kind to the fort, extensions were made that century and structural improvements were made in 1824.
The additional store rooms, garrison quarters, bastions, in the 1770s, the Danes at Osu became involved in a conflict with Dutch-controlled Accra. In 1850, the British bought all of Denmarks Gold Coast possessions for £10,000, denmark had been considering selling these outposts for some time. After the slave trade had been abolished they were expensive to run, britain experienced the same problems, but was keen to prevent illegal slave trading and to prevent France or Belgium strengthening in the area. An 1862, earthquake destroyed most of the floors, which were rebuilt in wood
Fort Patience, is a Dutch-built fort located in the township of Apam, in the Central Region of Ghana. The executives of the Dutch West India Company were quite wary to establish a fort in an area with minimal trade, the Acron were not happy with this, and frequently threatened the Dutch with expulsion if they would not extend the fortifications. As a result, it took the Dutch five years to complete the building, early in 1782, Captain Thomas Shirley in the 50-gun ship Leander and the sloop-of-war Alligator sailed to the Dutch Gold Coast. Britain was at war with The Netherlands and Shirley captured the small Dutch forts at Moree, Apam, Senya Beraku, media related to Fort Apam at Wikimedia Commons Ghana-pedia webpage - Fort Lijdzaamheid
The Netherlands, informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government. The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of 412 people per km2 –507 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. In 2001, it became the worlds first country to legalise same-sex marriage, the Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country ranks second highest in the worlds 2016 Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund, in 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in all over Europe. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben. In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the region has been more or less downstream. The geographical location of the region, changed over time tremendously
Fort Komenda was a British fort on the Gold Coast, established between 1695 and 1698 at Komenda, in contemporary Ghana. The fort had a very peculiar architecture, as this structure was built around an earlier four-bastioned English trading post. The fort was built within cannon-shot distance to the Dutch Fort Vredenburgh and it was abandoned in 1816, after the abolition of slave trade. The ruin of the fort was transferred to the Dutch as part of a trade of forts between Britain and the Netherlands in 1868. When a Dutch navy ship entered the harbour of Komenda, through the use of force, Dutch rule was eventually established. Between December 1869 and January 1870, an expedition was sent to the local capital of Kwassie-Krom. A deadly battle ensued, but the Dutch managed to emerge as victors