Apache Junction, Arizona
Apache Junction is a city in Maricopa and Pinal counties in the state of Arizona. According to the 2017 U. S. Census estimates, the population of the city was 40,358. Apache Junction is named for the junction of the Apache Old West Highway. Superstition Mountain, the westernmost peak of the Superstition Mountains, is nearby. Apache Junction is at 33°24′54″N 111°32′46″W. Apache Junction is located in the Greater Phoenix Metropolitan area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of all land; the town is bounded by the Superstition Mountains on the east, the Goldfield Mountains with the Bulldog Recreation Area on the north and the city of Mesa on the west. Goldfield Ghost Town, a tourist location preserved from former prospecting days, lies near the western face of Superstition Mountain just off Highway 88, it is located just southwest of the site of the ghost town of Arizona. As of the census of 2010, there were 35,840 people, 15,574 households, 9,372 families residing in the city.
The population density was 929.3 people per square mile. There were 22,771 housing units at an average density of 665.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.5% White, 1.2% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.9% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.4% of the population. There were 15,574 households out of which 19.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.8% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85. In the city, the population had 19.9% under the age of 20, 4.5% from 20 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, 26.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.5 years. The median income for a household in the city was $33,170, the median income for a family was $37,726.
Males had a median income of $31,283 versus $22,836 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,806. About 7.3% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. Apache Junction was incorporated as a city on November 24, 1978; the city is governed by a collection of elected officials and nine boards and commissions. The city council has seven members, which includes the vice-mayor; the mayor serves a two-year term. The current mayor is Jeff Serdy; this gallery includes images of some of the remaining historical structures located in Apache Junction. Among the exhibits on the grounds of the Superstition Mountain Museum are studio sets and other Western paraphernalia that were saved from the Apacheland fire of 1969. Apacheland was a 1,800-acre movie set which opened in 1960. Located in Apache junction is the ghost town of Goldfield. Goldfield was a mining town established in 1893 next to the Superstition Mountain.
When the mine vein faulted, the grade of ore dropped and the town became a ghost town. The town and its historic buildings were revived as a tourist attraction. Historic Apache Junction, Arizona Official website Arizona Renaissance Festival Local Weather Conditions Apache Junction Communities
Peoria is a city in Maricopa and Yavapai counties in the State of Arizona. Most of the city is located in Maricopa County, while a tiny portion in the north is in Yavapai County, it is a major suburb of Phoenix. According to 2017 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 168,181. Peoria is the sixth largest city in Arizona for land area, the ninth largest for population, it was named after Illinois. The word "peoria" is a corruption of the Illini word for "prairie fire." It is the spring training home of the San Diego Padres and Seattle Mariners, who share the Peoria Sports Complex. In July 2008, Money magazine listed Peoria in its Top 100 Places to Live. Peoria sits in the Salt River Valley, extends into the foothills of the mountains to the north. William John Murphy, who had worked on the Arizona Canal, recruited settlers to begin a community in Arizona, many of them from Peoria, Illinois. Albert J. and Elizabeth Straw were the first to establish residency in November 1886. They were followed by William T. and Sylvia Hanna, James M. and Clara Copes, James and Ella McMillan, all from Peoria, Illinois relocate to what is now Peoria, Arizona.
An old desert road connecting Phoenix to the Hassayampa River near present-day Wickenburg was the only major transportation route in the area until 1887, when a new road was laid out. Named Grand Avenue, this road angled through the newly designed town sites of Alhambra and Peoria and became the main route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine; the settlers filed Peoria's plot map with the Maricopa County recorder on May 24, 1897, naming the settlement after their hometown. The original plot map of Peoria included east and west streets Monroe, Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln and Van Buren. Streets going north and south were Almond, Orange, Walnut, the plot was from present-day Peoria and 85th avenues to Monroe Street and 85th Avenue to Monroe Street and 81st Avenue to 81st Avenue and south of the Desert Cove alignment. On August 4, 1888, the Territory of Peoria, Arizona was granted a post office in its name and served a population of 27. Maricopa County supervisors defined the boundaries for School District Eleven, comprising forty-nine square miles, the first class took place in an unoccupied brick store that faced north on Washington Street until Peoria's first school building, a one-room structure completed in 1891.
Between 1891 and 1895 a spur line of the Santa and Phoenix Railroad was placed in Peoria along with Phoenix, Alhambra and Marinette. A small depot on 83rd Avenue just off Grand Avenue; the depot was sold to the city of Scottsdale in 1972 where it now resides at McCormick Stillman Railroad Park. About 1919 the Peoria Chamber of Commerce formed, it operated as the informal government body until Peoria was incorporated in 1954. The Peoria volunteer fire district remained all volunteer until the mid-1950s; the three-story Edwards Hotel was built in 1918, followed by the Mabel Hood building in May 1920 at the southwest corner of Washington Street and 83rd Avenue. The John L. Meyer or "flatiron" building was completed in June 1920 and the O. O. Fuel's Paramount Theatre in July 1920; the town's first newspaper, The Peoria Enterprise, was printed weekly from November 14, 1917, to April 1921. Peoria's first library was held at the women's club in 1920 until it moved to the old Peoria City Hall in 1975; the library moved to the Peoria Municipal Complex.
In May 1959 the Women's Club gave the clubhouse to the City of Peoria. Central School was built in 1906. By 1910, three additional classroom buildings were built next to the central school, in 1918 another school building, containing an auditorium and four classrooms, was opened. In 1918 the attendance for Peoria schools was 190. School District Number Eleven was an elementary school district. Children going on to high school had to travel to Glendale High School. In 1919 the school board approved construction of Peoria High School. Increased economic activity, combined with the presence of Luke Air Force Base and tremendous growth throughout the entire Valley—coinciding with the mass-production of air conditioning in the early 1950s—led to an increase in residential housing in Peoria. A postwar construction boom set the stage for Peoria to become a suburb of Phoenix, providing housing for the capital city as growth moved west. In 1954, Peoria was home including an area of 720 acres. Peoria incorporated on June 7, 1954.
A seven-member city council formed and held its first organizational meeting on June 14. By 1966 Peoria grew to encompass 3.1 square miles with 36 miles of street. In 1968 the city passed a bond to issue securing the money to build a sewer system, completed in 1969. In 1970, Peoria began to transition to paid firefighting staff. From a population of 4,792 in 1970, the city grew to 12,351 in 1980 and 50,675 in 1990. Construction of the $30 million municipal complex began in 1988 at the edge of Peoria's Old Town; the Police Department opened in 1989, the main city hall building and courts in 1991, the library in 1993. Spring training has a long history in Peoria. From the late 1970s to 1990, Peoria's Greenway Sports Complex served as a minor-league training facility for the Milwaukee Brewers baseball team; this small facility was located at 83rd Avenue and the Greenway Road alignment, the location of the future Peoria Sports Complex. Construction of
Buckeye is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona and is the westernmost suburb in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The population was estimated at 68,453 in 2017, it is one of the fastest-growing cities in the US. Early settler Malie M. Jackson developed 10 miles of the Buckeye Canal from 1884 to 1886, which he named after his home state of Ohio's moniker, "The Buckeye State"; the town was founded in 1888 and named "Sidney," after Jackson's home town in Ohio. However, because of the significance of the canal, the town became known as Buckeye; the name was changed to Buckeye in 1910. The town was incorporated in 1929; the town's first mayor was Hugh M. Watson. Today, Watson Road is the site of the city's commercial center. In 2008, Buckeye was featured on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer as part of a week-long series entitled "Blueprint America."In 2013, a video featuring a Verrado High School student who overcame Down's Syndrome to join the school's cheerleading squad, using the Katy Perry song "Roar", was selected as a finalist in a Good Morning America contest.
A vote to change the town into the City of Buckeye became effective in 2014. In November 2017, media outlets reported that a company associated with billionaire Bill Gates purchased 24,800 acres between Buckeye and Tonopah for $80 million. Gates's company plans to create a "smart city" called Belmont on the site. Buckeye is located 30 miles west of downtown Phoenix. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.8 square miles, all of it land. The original Buckeye was built around Monroe Avenue. There are nearly 30 master planned communities planned for Buckeye; such master planned communities under development in which homes are occupied include Riata West, Verrado, Westpark and Festival Ranch. Other unbuilt planned communities within Buckeye include Douglas Ranch, Sun Valley Villages, Spurlock Ranch, Elianto, Silver Rock, Sienna Hills, Henry Park, Southwest Ranch and Montierre. Sundance Towne Center, a shopping center developed by Vestar Development in the Sundance community, opened in 2007.
Buckeye has a hot desert climate, with abundant sunshine due to the stable descending air of the eastern side of the subtropical anticyclone aloft and at sea level over the southwestern United States. Summers, as with most of the Sonoran Desert, are hot, with 121.0 afternoons reaching 100 °F or 37.8 °C and 181.6 afternoons getting to 90 °F or 32.2 °C. The record high temperature of 125 °F occurred on July 28, 1995, temperatures above 86 °F or 30 °C may occur in any month. Less hot weather may occur during summer, but such periods are no less unpleasant as they result from monsoonal weather with its attendant higher cloudiness and humidity; the heaviest daily rainfall has been 4.90 inches on September 2, 1894, but between 1971 and 2000 no month had more rainfall than 4.52 inches or 114.8 millimetres in December 1984. The winter season from November to March is warm to warm during the day, not much cooler than 68 °F or 20 °C during a typical afternoon, but 20.2 mornings fall to or below 32 °F or 0 °C, though no snowfall was recorded during the 1971 to 2000 period, only twelve afternoons did not reach 50 °F or 10 °C.
The coldest temperature recorded in Buckeye was 11 °F or −11.7 °C on January 8, 1913. In 2015, the population of the city was 62,582 people living in 21,628 households; as of the census of 2010, there were 50,876 people residing in 16,499 households in the city. The population density was 135.6 people per square mile. There were 18,207 housing units. 10.8% of the population were born overseas. In terms of age brackets, the population was spread out with 9.1% under the age of 5. 45.4% percent of the population are women. From 2012 to 2016, the median income for a household in the town was $58,711; the per capita income for the town was $20,446. Both of these numbers are in 2016 dollars. About 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line. A popular recreation destination in Buckeye is the Buckeye Hills Recreation Area, it is located 7 miles south of downtown Buckeye on State Route 85. A 900-acre Buckeye Lake is planned; the City of Buckeye's Skyline Regional Park is an 8,700 acre mountain preserve located in the southern White Tank Mountains.
The park features 8 miles of trails for hikers, mountain bikers and equestrians, picnic areas and camping. Entry to the park is free. By the end of September 2016, 9 additional miles of trails will be constructed for a total of 17 miles of trails; the City of Buckeye is served by the following school districts: Buckeye Elementary School District Agua Fria Union High School District Liberty Elementary School District Buckeye Union High School District Wickenburg Unified School District The Odyssey Preparatory Academy Litchfield Elementary School DistrictEstrella Mountain Community College renovated the original historic Buckeye Union High School building on Eason Avenue near 9th Street known as the "A" Wing, started holding classes in this new satellite facility in the Fall of 2011. Named the Buckeye Educational Center, this facility provides academic courses, job training programs and community education classes. There are several local newspapers including the West Valley View, Arizona Republic's Southwest Valle
Tempe known as Hayden's Ferry during the territorial times of Arizona, is a city in Maricopa County, United States, with the Census Bureau reporting a 2017 population of 185,038. The city is named after the Vale of Tempe in Greece. Tempe is located in the East Valley section of metropolitan Phoenix. Tempe is the location of the main campus of Arizona State University; the Hohokam built canals to support their agriculture. They abandoned their settlements during the 15th century, with a few individuals and families remaining nearby. Fort McDowell was established 25 mi northeast of present downtown Tempe on the upper Salt River in 1865 allowing for new towns to be built farther down the Salt River. US military service members and Hispanic workers were hired to grow food and animal feed to supply the fort, less than a year had set up small camps near the river that were the first permanent communities in the Valley after the fall of the Hohokam; the two settlements were'Hayden's Ferry', named after a ferry service operated by Charles T. Hayden, and'San Pablo', were located west and east of Hayden Butte respectively.
The ferry became the key river crossing in the area. The Tempe Irrigating Canal Company was soon established by William Kirkland and James McKinney to provide water for alfalfa, barley and cotton. Pioneer Darrell Duppa is credited with suggesting Tempe's name, adopted in 1879, after comparing the Salt River valley near a 300-foot -tall butte, to the Vale of Tempe near Mount Olympus in Greece. From its founding in 1871 until the early 1960s, Tempe was a sundown town where African Americans were permitted to work but encouraged to live elsewhere. In 1885, the 13th Arizona Territorial Legislature chose Tempe for the site of the Territorial Normal School, which became Arizona Normal School, Arizona State Teachers College, Arizona State College and Arizona State University; the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempe, linking the town to the nation's growing transportation system. The Tempe Land and Improvement Company was formed to sell lots in the booming town.
Tempe became an economic hub for the surrounding agricultural area. The city incorporated in 1894; the completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 guaranteed enough water to meet the growing needs of Valley farmers. On his way to dedicate the dam, former President Theodore Roosevelt applauded the accomplishments of the people of central Arizona and predicted that their towns would be prosperous cities in the future. Less than a year Arizona was admitted as the 48th state, the Salt River Valley continued to develop. In the 20th and 21st centuries, Tempe has expanded as a suburb of Phoenix, as a center of education and commerce. Tempe is an inner suburb, located between the rest of the East Valley. Due to this as well as being the home of the main campus of Arizona State University, Tempe has a dense, urbanized development pattern in the northern part of the city with a growing skyline. Going south, development becomes less dense, consisting of single-family homes, strip malls and lower-density office parks.
Within Tempe are the Tempe Buttes. The Salt River runs west through the northern part of Tempe. According to the United States Census Bureau, the landlocked city has a total area of 40.2 square miles. The city of Tempe is bordered by Mesa to the east and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community to the north and Guadalupe to the west, Chandler to the south. 40.1 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. The total area is 0.32% water including Tempe Town Lake. Tempe is flat, except for Hayden Butte, located next to Sun Devil Stadium, Twin Buttes and Bell Butte on the western edge of Tempe, Papago Park northwest of Tempe, inside Phoenix. Elevation ranges from 1,140 feet at Tempe Town Lake to 1,495 feet atop Hayden Butte; as of the 2010 census, there were 161,719 people, 63,602 households, 33,645 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,959.4 people per square mile. There were 67,068 housing units at an average density of 1,674.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 77.51% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 2.9% Native American, 5.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 8.49% from other races, 3.9% from two or more races.
21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 63,602 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 47.1% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.05. In the city, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 21.3% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,361, the median income for a family was $55,237. Males had a median income of $36,406
Carlos Montezuma or Wassaja was a Yavapai-Apache Native American, activist and a founding member of the Society of American Indians. His birth name Wassaja, means "Signaling" or "Beckoning" in his native tongue. Wassaja was kidnapped by Pima raiders along with other children to be bartered. Wassaja was purchased by an Italian photographer Carlo Gentile in Adamsville, for thirty silver dollars. Gentile renamed him "Carlos Montezuma". Montezuma was the first Native American student at the University of Illinois and Northwestern University, only the second Native American to earn a medical degree in an American University after Susan La Flesche Picotte. Wassaja was the first Native American male; until his death Wassaja fought to support the rights of his Yavapai people and other Native Americans. "I am a full-blooded Apache Indian, born around the year 1866... some where near Four Peaks, Arizona Territory", wrote Dr. Montezuma, introducing himself in a letter written in 1905 to the Smithsonian Institution.
He was named "Wassaja" by his parents. His father was a chief named Co-cu-ye-vah and his mother was named Thil-ge-ya. In October 1871, at the age of 5, he was captured by Pima raiders together with other children to be enslaved or bartered. Wassaja was brought to Adamsville, a mixed Anglo and Mexican village, offered for thirty silver dollars to itinerant Italian photographer Carlo Gentile, who happened to be in the area for his ethnographic work on Native Americans. Gentile, a cultured and liberal man from Naples who had moved to America in the 1850s, adopted Wassaja as his own son and renamed him "Carlos Montezuma" as an enduring and proud reminder of the child's cultural heritage after himself from the Montezuma ruins near Adamsville. In the following years, Wassaja/Carlos accompanied his adoptive father in his pioneering photographic and ethnographic expeditions in Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado. For a few months in 1872–73 they joined the theatrical troupe of Ned Buntline and Buffalo Bill, where the boy Wassaja was featured as Azteka, the Apache-child of Cochise in the Wild West melodrama.
The Scouts of the Prairie in cities such as Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville and Pittsburgh, while Gentile produced and sold promotional carte de visite of the cast members. Gentile and Montezuma resided in Chicago and New York for some years until the loss of all his belongings in a fire in 1877 forced Gentile back to his itinerant life and to Chicago. Being homeschooled by Gentile and attending public schools in Chicago and Brooklyn, Wassaja had revealed to be a committed and talented student. Realizing that he needed a more permanent setting to complete his education, in the fall of 1878 Gentile asked for the assistance of the Reverend George W. Ingalls of the Indian Department of the American Baptist Home Mission. Wassaja was placed in the care of Baptist minister William H. Steadman, of Urbana, while Gentile was busy to revive his business as photographer and editor in Chicago; the precocious child could now devote himself to study. He graduated with honors from Urbana High School in 1879.
Following one more year of preparatory work, he enrolled at the University of Illinois in 1880. He was only fourteen years old. At the University of Illinois he studied English, German, microscopy, mineralogy, physiology, mental science, constitutional history, political economy, geology, excelling in chemistry, which he took each quarter. Montezuma began his public activity in support of Native Americans' rights. On May 5, 1883 the campus paper, The Illini, records a speech on Indian's Bravery Montezuma delivered the night before in Adelphic Hall in front of a large audience, in which "he likened the Indians to the Spartans at Thermopylae." After graduating from the University of Illinois in 1884, Montezuma returned to Chicago. He there received his doctorate of medicine from the Chicago Medical College, a branch of Northwestern University, in 1889 and obtained his license to practice that same year. Montezuma was not only the first Native American student at both the University of Illinois and Northwestern University, but the second Native American to earn a Medical Degree in an American University around Susan La Flesche Picotte.
Wassaja was the first Native American man. As early as 1887, Carlos Montezuma had been corresponding with Richard Henry Pratt, a staunch assimilationist and founder of the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania. In the eyes of Pratt, Montezuma was a living example of what educated Native Americans could accomplish. In 1887 Montezuma was invited to address audiences in New Philadelphia on this topic. Thanks to these connections after graduation, Jefferson Morgan, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, offered Dr. Montezuma work as a physician with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. In 1889 Montezuma traveled to reservations and provided services to Native Americans at Fort Stevenson in Dakota Territory. In 1890 he was transferred to the Western Shoshone Agency in Nevada. In January 1893, Montezuma went to Colville Agency in the State of Washington, in July 1893 to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania. Here, Montezuma had the opportunity to work with his mentor Richard Henry Pratt; this relationship, along with his negative experiences working on the various reservations, helped form his early ideas of Indian policy.
On October 27, 1893, Wassaja's adoptive father, Carlo Gentile, died in Chicago. Montezuma had last visited Gentile in the summer of
Goodyear is a city in Maricopa County, United States. It is a suburb of Phoenix and at the 2010 census had a population of 65,275, the third fastest-growing city in Arizona between 1990 and 2000; the 2017 population estimate was 79,858. The city is home to the Goodyear Ballpark, where the Cleveland Indians and Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball hold spring training. In 2008, Goodyear won the All-America City Award, sponsored by the National Civic League; the city is named after the Goodyear Rubber Company. The company cultivated extensive farmland here to grow cotton for use in their tires. Goodyear was established in 1917 with the purchase of 16,000 acres of land by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company to cultivate cotton for vehicle tire cords. World War II was important to Goodyear in the 1940s as the current Phoenix Goodyear Airport was built, but after the war, the economy suffered. Goodyear became a town on November 19, 1946. At the time, it had 151 homes and 250 apartments, a grocery store, a barber shop, beauty shop and a gas station.
Luke Field Auxiliary #6 was built by the United States Army Air Forces in 1943. It served as a satellite airfield for Luke AAF. According to the History of Luke AFB, this airfield boasted the most facilities, it had separate buildings for crew chiefs, supply, pit latrine, crash truck shed, generator shed and a control tower. Luke AF Auxiliary #6 ceased operations by 1971; the property, in a state of complete abandonment, is owned by the State of Arizona, which has worked with developers on proposals for use. In January 1965, the Phoenix Trotting Park, a harness racing track opened, the current Interstate 10 passes north of the site; as the region lacked major roads from Phoenix to Goodyear, there was not enough business and the track closed two years later. The Park no longer stands, it was demolished in 2017; the park had been abandoned since the late 1960s. The town became a city in 1985. In the same decade, the remaining 10,000 acres of the original farmland was sold for future development; the Phoenix Goodyear Airport received its current name in 1986.
Although Goodyear was founded in 1917, the majority of construction and population growth happened after 1990. 22 communities that are completed and under construction have a total area of 20,000 acres. These communities, along with another 21 communities for future suburban development, will contain 200,000 homes, with only 25,000 built. Goodyear was affected by the 2000s American housing bubble. Since the housing market has rebounded considerably. According to Opendoor, zip code 85338 in Goodyear was the fifth most popular place in the Phoenix metro area to buy a home, based on home sales. There are a variety of home options in 2019 to accommodate families, those who are single, seniors; as the population in Goodyear grows faster than home builders and community developers are working to keep up with the demand. Estrella is the largest community in Goodyear, at 20,000 acres; the community is home to about 10,000 residents. Palm Valley, located north of Interstate 10, is 9,000 acres, with variously-sized homes.
PebbleCreek is a community for active adult living, with 45 holes of championship golf, fitness centers, restaurants. From the 1990s through the 2010s, residential development has stimulated the growth of Goodyear as a suburb of Phoenix. Goodyear's population is projected to be 358,000 by 2035. Goodyear is located at 33°27′00″N 112°21′30″W. Nearby cities include Avondale, Litchfield Park and Buckeye. Goodyear is about 17 miles west of downtown Phoenix. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.5 square miles, all of it land. The Gila River passes through the city; the largest master planned community is Estrella, south of the Gila River, located near the Estrella Mountains. The Estrella Mountain Regional Park covers 20,000 acres, most of that area is still desert, it contains eight trails over 30 mi in length combined, two baseball fields, a 9.5 mi track. Goodyear has a subtropical desert climate due to its location in the Sonoran Desert; the city receives somewhere around ten inches of rain annually.
The city has more than 300 sunny days per year. Winters are sunny with mild temperatures -- nighttime lows averaging between 40°F and 50°F and daytime highs ranging from 60°F to 75°F; the lowest temperature recorded in Goodyear is 16°F. Summers are hot, with daily high temperatures at or above 100°F for the entirety of June and August, as well as many days in May and September. An occasional heat wave will spike temperatures over 115°F briefly. Nighttime lows in the summer months average between 70°F and 80°F, with an occasional overnight low above 80°F not uncommon; the highest recorded temperature in Goodyear is 125°F. Snow is rare in the area, occurring once every several years. Lows in the winter dip below freezing, which may damage some desert plants such as saguaros and other cacti. In the summer, the North American Monsoon can hit the Phoenix area in the afternoon and evening, causing rain showers from a sunny morning. Dust storms are occasional during the summer; as of 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau reported.
71.9% of the city's population was White, 6.7% were Black, 1.3% were Native American, 4.3% were Asian. 27.8 % were Latino of any race. There were 25,027 housing
A post office is a public department that provides a customer service to the public and handles their mail needs. Post offices offer mail-related services such as acceptance of parcels. In addition, many post offices offer additional services: providing and accepting government forms, processing government services and fees, banking services; the chief administrator of a post office is called a postmaster. Prior to the advent of postal and ZIP codes, postal systems would route items to a specific post office for receipt or delivery. During the nineteenth-century, in the United States, this led to smaller communities being renamed after their post offices; the term "Post-Office" has been in use since the 1650's, shortly after the legalization of private mail services in England in 1635. In early Modern England, post riders – mounted couriers – were placed every few hours along post roads at posting houses known as post houses, between major cities; these stables or inns permitted important correspondence to travel without delay.
In early America, post offices were known as "stations". This term and "post house" fell from use as horse and coach service was replaced by railways and automobiles. Today, the term "Post Office" refers to postal facilities providing customer service; the term "General Post Office" is sometimes used for the national headquarters of a postal service if it does not provide customer service within the building. A postal facility, used for processing mail is instead known as sorting office or delivery office, which may have a large central area known as a "sorting" or "postal hall". Integrated facilities combining mail processing with railway stations or airports are known as mail exchanges. There is evidence of corps of royal couriers disseminating the decrees of the Egyptian pharaohs as early as 2,400 BC and the service may precede that date. Organized systems of post houses providing swift mounted courier service seems quite ancient, although sources vary as to who initiated the practice. By the time of the Persian Empire, a system of Chapar-Khaneh existed along the Royal Road.
The 2nd-Century BC Mauryan and Han dynasties established similar systems in China. Suetonius credited Augustus with regularizing the Cursus Publicus. Local officials were obliged to provide couriers who would be responsible for their message's entire course. Locally maintained post houses owned rest houses were obliged or honored to care for them along their way. Diocletian established two parallel systems: one providing fresh horses or mules for urgent correspondence and another providing sturdy oxen for bulk shipments. Procopius, though not unbiased, records that this system remained intact until it was dismantled in the surviving empire by Justinian in the 6th Century; the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis family initiated regular mail service from Brussels in the 16th century, directing the Imperial Post of the Holy Roman Empire. The British Postal Museum claims that the oldest functioning post office in the world is on High Street in Sanquhar, Scotland; this post office has functioned continuously since 1712, an era in which horses and stage coaches were used to carry mail.
In parts of Europe, special postal censorship offices censor mail. In France, such offices were known as cabinets noirs. In many jurisdictions, mail boxes and post office boxes have long been in widespread use for drop-off and pickup of mail and small packages outside post offices or when offices are closed. Deutsche Post introduced the Pack-Station for package delivery in 2001. In the 2000s, the United States Postal Service began to install Automated Postal Centers in many locations both in post offices and in retail locations. APCs can accept mail and small packages. General Post Office Dublin, headquarters of the Irish post and headquarters of the 1916 Easter Uprising First Toronto Post Office General Post Office, erected on the site of the Black Hole of Calcutta General Post Office in Chennai, India General Post Office in Lahore, Pakistan General Post Office, the headquarters of the Sri Lankan Post General Post Office, headquarters of the Croatian post Istanbul Main Post Office, home of the Istanbul Postal Museum James Farley Post Office, America's largest operating post office, the main office for New York City.
It bears the famous translation of Herodotus's description of the Persian postal system along its front facade: "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds". General Post Office, the main post office of Mumbai and one of the world's largest Polish Post Office, the scene of intense fighting during the 1939 German invasion of Danzig General Post Office Building, former headquarters of the Chunghwa Post and present home of the Shanghai Postal Museum Manila Central Post Office Taipei Post Office, the headquarters of Taiwan Post General Post Office, the headquarters of Hongkong Post Bandinelli Palace, a former post office in Lviv in the Ukraine General Post Office, the city's first "all-marbl