Blackstrap Provincial Park
Blackstrap Provincial Park is a provincial park in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It consists of a conservation area with a man made lake, a campground, a man made mountain, Blackstrap Ski Hill; the park is located east of Dundurn and accessed via Saskatchewan Highway 211. The ski hill was first developed in 1970 for the Canada Winter Games and operated until 2007; the provincial park was established in 1986. In 1969, the land was acquired for the construction of Mount Blackstrap for the 1971 Canada Winter Games; the land used to create the mountain became the reserve for Lake Blackstrap. Water used to flood and maintain the lake is gravity fed via an earthen aqueduct from Lake Diefenbaker. Local legend claims that the name for the region is derived from an incident involving the breaking of a barrel of blackstrap molasses during transport through the valley, thereafter becoming known as Blackstrap. Fred Wilson, reeve of the Dundurn RM, Whitecap Dakota First Nation and surrounding municipalities in the area have shown support to convert the provincial park to a regional park.
Development of the roadways, cabins and camping would impart more financial aid to the park, which would be addressed by the communities. The operation of the ski hill for the year of 2007 was estimated at $465,000 by the provincial government. No private sector came forward to run the hill, it was closed down, but due to a sudden boom in the immigration to the province and a booming economy, offers are expected to come in. Provincial funding to Blackstrap Provincial Park has supported the ski hill operations only and the remainder of the park has deteriorated. Christine Tell, minister of Tourism, parks and sport, Van Isman and parks deputy minister will update the provincial government's Blackstrap provincial park management plan to aim to make Blackstrap the best facility it can be. In 2013, the provincial government announced that two private companies would spend $2.6 million on a new marina and cabins in the park. Activities include mountain biking, hiking, wind sailing, cross country and downhill skiing and camping.
Legal Land Description township 32- range 3-West of the 3rd Meridian Blackstrap Ski Hill, is a man-made skiing and snowboarding hill located 51 km south of Saskatoon, Canada east of Highway 11, the Louis Riel Trail. It is one of only a few man-made mountains in the world, it is a unique feature on Saskatchewan's prairie landscape. It is now a feature of the park along with Blackstrap Lake, it rises 45 metres above the surrounding land. The hill was built in 1970 by the Canadian government for the 1971 Canada Winter Games at a height of 2,045 feet above sea level; the mountain is built with soil excavated from the escarpment behind the "mountain". The theme for the Saskatoon bid for the 1971 Canada Games was "Going to build a mountain" in honor of the construction of the hill. After the Canada Winter Games, the ski hill was turned over to a private operator. However, the hill was closed permanently in 2008 due to declining ridership; the ski lodge was destroyed by a suspicious fire in September 2009.
A month the provincial government announced that the remaining ski equipment at the hill would be dismantled and sold. By the end of 2012, three developers had approached the government with proposals to develop a recreation area. Requests for proposals were accepted until the spring of 2013. One developer withdrew his proposal, while the other two submissions did not include redevelopment of the ski hill. Local communities on the shore of Lake Blackstrap include two villages and one small group of estates: the resort village of Thode, the resort village of Shields, Skyview Estates. Thode is located on the north-west shore of Lake Blackstrap directly across from the main beach at Blackstrap Provincial Park, is home to 156 people who live there year-round. Most of the people in Thode live either directly on the lakeshore, or have an unobstructed view over the lakeshore road which separates them from the lake. Shields is on the north-east Shore of Lake Blackstrap and is home to 172 people who live there year-round.
It has a golf course which includes a view of Lake Blackstrap, is maintained locally by the Shields community. Unlike Thode, only a portion of Shields is lakefront property. In addition to the full-time residents and Thode have summer cottagers which are not reflected in the population statistics. Skyview Estates is a small group of large estate homes located between north-west bend of Blackstrap Lake and accessed from Highway 11; the estates have a view of the mountain. Skyview Estates has its own marina allowing the residents unlimited access to the water. However, the estates themselves do not connect to the shore. Fish species include walleye, yellow perch, northern pike and white sucker.whitefish, Arm River-Watrous Dundurn, Saskatchewan List of Saskatchewan parks List of Canadian provincial parks Saskatchewan Highway 211 Saskatchewan Highway 11 Blackstrap Provincial Park Description of Mount Blackstrap Fish Species of Saskatchewan
Canadian Register of Historic Places
The Canadian Register of Historic Places known as Canada's Historic Places, is an online directory of historic sites in Canada which have been formally recognized for their heritage value by a federal, territorial and/or municipal authority. The Canadian Register of Historic Places was created as part of Canada's "Historic Places Initiative". Commencing in 2001, the Historic Places Initiative was a collaboration between the federal and territorial governments to improve protection of the country's historic sites and to "promote and foster a culture of heritage conservation in Canada"; the CRHP and the Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada are the two major tools developed to assist in achieving the initiative's main objectives. The CRHP was launched in May 2004 as a single access point for members of the public to learn about historic sites across Canada, it is a work in progress, as of 2011, the CHRP included 12,300 of the country's estimated 17,000 designated historic sites.
The directory was designed to be both flexible, in order to accommodate information from the wide range of heritage authorities across the country, as well as uniform, so as to provide a consistent means of searching and a consistent form of documentation for sites regardless of location or heritage designation. Historic sites that have been recognized by more than one level of government for differing reasons, are linked in the directory. For example, the CRHP contains two listings for the Halifax Public Gardens in Nova Scotia, these two listings in the CRHP are connected in order to highlight the many heritage values that have been ascribed to this particular site; the Canadian Register of Historic Places does not have its own criteria for inclusion in the directory, but relies on federal, provincial and local designations of historic sites. A site must be designated by one or more of these levels of government in order to be eligible for inclusion in the CRHP; the CRHP does not replace existing heritage designation programs in place across the country, nor does it replace local, provincial and federal databases, some of which are available online.
The CRHP is not a designatory or regulatory mechanism. Inclusion in the directory does not confer historic or legal status, nor does it impose legal restrictions or obligations. Inclusion does not affect how the designating level of government manages its own heritage designations or policies. Given that the CRHP is publicly available on the internet and provides locations details for historic sites, a number of sensitive and/or sacred First Nations sites have not been included in the directory in order to lessen the likelihood of vandalism and other forms of damage by visitors; the CRHP partner governments are working on other tools through the Historic Places Initiative in order to recognize sites related to Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Heritage conservation in Canada Lists of historic places in Canada Official website
The Assiniboine River is a 1,070-kilometre river that runs through the prairies of Western Canada in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It is a tributary of the Red River; the Assiniboine is a typical meandering river with a single main channel embanked within a flat, shallow valley in some places and a steep valley in others. Its main tributaries are the Qu'Appelle and Whitesand Rivers. For early history and exploration see Assiniboine River fur trade; the river takes its name from the Assiniboine First Nation. Robert Douglas of the Geographical Board of Canada made several comments as to its origin: "The name commemorates the Assiniboine natives called by La Vérendrye in 1730'Assiniboils' and by Governor Knight in 1715 of the Hudson's Bay Company'stone Indians.' Assiniboine is the name of a First Nation and is derived from the Ojibwe words'asin' a stone and'bwaan' the Sioux, hence Stony Sioux name was given because they used heated stones in cooking their food." The Assiniboine River rises in eastern Saskatchewan east of the community of Kelvington on the upper prairie level above the Manitoba Escarpment.
The Assiniboine River flows through three basic zones with different channel characteristics. Upstream of Brandon, the main stem of the river and its most important tributaries flow within a large valley; the valley was cut by huge glacial melt water flows at the end of the last glaciation. The floor of this spillway valley provides a natural floodplain for the river and the valley provides a significant storage volume making the construction of the Shellmouth Dam north of Russell both technically and economically viable; the major tributaries in this reach are the Qu'Appelle and Little Saskatchewan Rivers. The glacial flows created a large delta east of Brandon extending to Portage la Prairie; the river has eroded down through sediments of the delta cutting a narrow valley through these sediments as it drops through a vertical distance of about 150 metres to the Lake Agassiz – Red River Plain. In this valley, the river is confined with a narrow valley floor; the Souris River is the primary tributary contributing flow to the Assiniboine in this reach.
Near Portage la Prairie the river emerges from the delta reach onto the flat Red River plain and at this point it can flow in any direction from northwest to southeast. The gradient of the river channel within the delta reach to the west is high, so the river water velocities are high and the waters of the river carry significant amounts of sediment; the gradient in the flat Red River plain is much less and the velocity of the river water flowing over this plain is much lower. Therefore, the sediments carried by the river waters as they flow through the delta reach are deposited onto the plain; the Assiniboine winds its way east joining the Red River at "The Forks" in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Today, Assiniboine Herald at the Canadian Heraldic Authority is named after the river. Asessippi Provincial Park, an RV park was built on the east shore of the Shellmouth Reservoir. Tributaries include the Whitesand River which joins it near Kamsack, the Souris River, which joins it near Wawanesa, the Birdtail River which joins at the Birdtail Sioux First Nation, the Little Saskatchewan, which joins west of Brandon, the Qu'Appelle River, which joins near the site of the Hudson's Bay Company historic Fort Ellice site.
There are three hydrometric stations on the river that have been taking measurements since 1913. The Assiniboine River near Headingley has an average discharge of 45 cubic metres per second. One millimeter of runoff from half the watershed would take 70 hours to drain at flow rates of 360 cubic metres per second; the following discharge rates were recorded during the 1995 flood:It is prone to spring flooding. Some flood flows can be diverted into Lake Manitoba at Portage la Prairie. In 1967, the Shellmouth Dam was built in Shellmouth to help reduce flood peaks and to supplement flows during dry periods; the Portage Diversion was completed in 1970. Despite these efforts, in May 2011 it was necessary to breach one of the dikes beside the river to relieve flood stresses east of Portage la Prairie. A Manitoba-wide state of emergency was declared in the wake of one in three hundred-year floods on the Assiniboine River at Brandon. Below are the actual observed flow rates for major floods at different locations along the river: Note: Flows in 1882 occurred before any flood protection measures such as the Shellmouth Reservoir and Portage Diversion were built.
Looking at the Assiniboine River at Portage La Prairie, where maximum river flows occur prior to historical spillovers into the watersheds of Lake Manitoba and the La Salle River, the top 10 calculated natural peak flow rates before construction of the current flood infrastructure are: Fish species include walleye, yellow perch, northern pike, burbot, channel catfish brown bullhead, rock bass, white sucker, shorthead redhorse and common carp. List of longest rivers of Canada List of Manitoba rivers List of Saskatchewan rivers Fish Species of Saskatchewan Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Yorkton is a city located in south-eastern Saskatchewan, Canada. It is about 450 kilometres north-west of Winnipeg and 300 kilometres south-east of Saskatoon and is the sixth largest in the province; as of 2017 the census population of the city was 19,643. Yorkton has had a growth rate of 4.3% since 2011. Yorkton was founded in 1882 and incorporated as a city in 1928; the city is bordered by the RM of Orkney No. 244 to the west and the RM of Wallace No. 243 on the east. In 1882 a group of businessmen and investors formed the York Farmers Colonization Company. Authorized to issue up to $300,000 in debentures and lenient government credit terms on land purchases encouraged company representatives to visit the District of Assiniboia of the North-West Territories with the intent to view some crown land available near the Manitoba border, they were impressed with what they saw and the group purchased portions of 6 townships near the Little Whitesand River for the purpose of settlement and to establish a centre for trade there.
This centre would become known as York Colony. The company founded the settlers' colony on the banks of the Little Whitesand River where lots were given to settlers who purchased land from them; the colony remained at its site until 1889. It was located at PT SE 1/4 13-26-4 W2M. In 1889 the rail line was extended to the Yorkton area, it was at this time the colony townsite relocated alongside the new rail line. Yorkton is located in the aspen parkland ecosystem; the terrain is one of agriculture and there is no forestry industry. It is in an area of black calcareous chernozemic soils; the Yorkton area was located on the edge of an area of a maximum glacial lake. The quaternary geology has left the area as a moraine plain consisting of glacial deposits; the bedrock geology is the pembina member of Vermillion River Formation and Riding Mountain Formation. Yorkton is located in the physiographic region of the Quill Lake-Yorkton Plain region of the Saskatchewan Plains Region. Yorkton has a humid continental climate, with extreme seasonal temperatures.
It has warm summers and cold winters, with the average daily temperatures ranging from −17.9 °C in January to 17.8 °C in July. The highest temperature recorded in Yorkton was 40.6 °C on 19 July 1941. The coldest temperature recorded was −46.1 °C on 20 January 1943. On the evening of July 1, 2010, Yorkton received a severe thunderstorm warning. Soon after, Yorkton was experiencing pea sized hail, strong winds and heavy rain; the rain created a flash flood. Broadway Street received the worst of the flood with local businesses being damaged, with one being destroyed; the City of Yorkton declared a State of Emergency and the Canadian Red Cross helped out with the victims of the flood. On the weekend of June 29, 2014, Yorkton declared a State of Emergency after rain caused flash floods in south eastern Saskatchewan; the first settlers to the Yorkton colony were English from Great Britain. 6 miles west were Scottish settlers at the settlement of Orkney. A significant number of residents are descended from immigrants from Ukraine who came in the early 20th century.
The city of Yorkton, the Rural Municipality of Orkney No. 244, the town of Springside and the village of Ebenezer form the census agglomeration of Yorkton, Saskatchewan with a combined 2011 population of 18,238 on a land area of 843.37 square kilometres. The Yorkton Gallagher Centre is an entertainment complex constructed in 1977 by the civic government and the Yorkton Exhibition Association; the centre includes curling rink, conference rooms and an indoor swimming pool. Until 2005, the facility was called the Parkland Agriplex. In the early 1900s an older Agriplex building was located on the fair grounds adjacent to the Gallagher Centre. Yorkton is home to a branch of the Saskatchewan Western Development Museum, which houses a number of exhibits depicting pioneer life in the town and on the surrounding prairie; the museum includes an early pioneer log home and an extensive outdoor exhibit of agricultural machinery, including early tractors and steam engines. Located on several buildings in downtown Yorkton are murals depicting historic personalities.
A number of heritage buildings are located within the city. Yorkton Tower Theatre is a single screen movie theatre built in the 1950s. Army Navy and Air Force Veterans Building, Dulmage Farmstead, Hudson's Bay Company Store, St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Yorkton Armoury, Yorkton Court House, 29 Myrtle Avenue, 81 Second Avenue North, Old Land Titles Building and Yorkton Organic Milling Ltd are listed historic places. Film Festivals have been an enduring part of life in Yorkton since the projector spun to life in October 1950. At that time the Yorkton International Documentary Film Festival was born; the international component was dropped in 1977. The festival renamed itself the Yorkton Short Film Festival in 1977. In 2009 it became the Yorkton Film Festival; the city of Yorkton hosted the 1999 Royal Bank Cup, the 2006 World Junior A Challenge and the 2009 Canada Cup of Curling. The Yorkton Terriers are a team in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League; the Yorkton Rawtec Maulers are a Midget AAA ice hockey team and they are a member of the SMAAAHL.
The teams play their games in the 2,300 seat Farrell Agencies Arena in the Yorkton Gallagher CentreYorkton Cardinals are a baseball team playing in the Western Major Baseball League. The Yorkton Bulldogs are a retired box lacrosse team formed in 2003, they are a member of the Prairie Gold Lacrosse League. The curren
Royal Saskatchewan Museum
The Royal Saskatchewan Museum was established in Regina as the Provincial Museum in 1906 to "secure and preserve natural history specimens and objects of historical and ethnological interest." It was the first museum in Saskatchewan and the first provincial museum in the three Prairie Provinces. Between 1906 and 1945 the Museum occupied several premises including the Regina Trading Company Building, the Provincial Legislative Building, the Normal School. During the Second World War the Museum's collections were taken out of public display and stored in the General Motors Building to permit the Normal School to be used for the Commonwealth Air Training Plan, when the GM building was requisitioned, in Pilkington’s Glass Company Building; the collections returned to the Normal School in 1944 and opened to the public again in 1946. The provincial government built the current premises on the corner of Albert Street and College Avenue, the site of the abandoned Chateau Qu'Appelle Hotel, as a Saskatchewan Golden Jubilee project.
For aesthetic reasons and to avoid the expansive task of uprooting the pilings, the museum was built on an angle with a large front lawn. The new premises were opened by Governor General Vincent Massey on May 16, 1955. To reflect the areas of devotion, the museum adopted a new title "Saskatchewan Museum of Natural History"; this title stuck until 1993 when they received royal designation from Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada and became the Royal Saskatchewan Museum. The Museum collection housed in the provincial legislative building, had been decimated by the 1912 "Regina Cyclone." The collection was damaged again in 1990 when fire broke out in the First Nations Gallery, under construction. Smoke damage required the museum to close for four months. Since the fire, the First Nations Gallery and the Life Sciences have been improved; the museum is affiliated with the Canadian Museums Association, the Canadian Heritage Information Network, the Virtual Museum of Canada. Official website Royal Saskatchewan Museum at the Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Meadow Lake Provincial Park
Meadow Lake Provincial Park is a northern boreal forest recreational park on the Waterhen River. It is accessed centrally through Goodsoil; the village of Goodsoil is located 78 km west of Meadow Lake. The eastern entrance to the park is located 5 kilometres north of Dorintosh; the western gateway into the Meadow Lake Provincial Park is via the village of Pierceland. The park encompasses over 20 lakes in an area of 1,600 square kilometers. Despite its name, the park is located 60 km northwest of the city of Meadow Lake, the source of the city name. Goodsoil is located on the junction of Saskatchewan Highway 55 and Sk Hwy 26. Follow SK Hwy 224 north out of Goodsoil. Dorintosh is located on Sk Hwy 4 at the intersection with Sk Hwy 26. Follow Sk Hwy 4 to the eastern park entrance. Access to the Meadow Lake Park via Pierceland is provided by Sk Hwy 21 which has seen upgrades enabling the development of tourism opportunities at Meadow Lake Provincial Park List of Saskatchewan parks Virtual Saskatchewan - Meadow Lake Provincial Park Meadow Lake Provincial Park
The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur. Since the establishment of a world fur market in the early modern period, furs of boreal and cold temperate mammalian animals have been the most valued; the trade stimulated the exploration and colonization of Siberia, northern North America, the South Shetland and South Sandwich Islands. Today the importance of the fur trade has diminished. Animal rights organizations oppose the fur trade, citing that animals are brutally killed and sometimes skinned alive. Fur has been replaced in some clothing by synthetic imitations, for example, as in ruffs on hoods of parkas. Before the European colonization of the Americas, Russia was a major supplier of fur pelts to Western Europe and parts of Asia, its trade developed in the Early Middle Ages, first through exchanges at posts around the Baltic and Black seas. The main trading market destination was the German city of Leipzig. Kievan Russia, the first Russian State, was the first supplier of the Russian Fur Trade.
Russia exported raw furs, consisting in most cases of the pelts of martens, wolves, foxes and hares. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, Russians began to settle in Siberia, a region rich in many mammal fur species, such as Arctic fox, sable, sea otter and stoat. In a search for the prized sea otter pelts, first used in China, for the northern fur seal, the Russian Empire expanded into North America, notably Alaska. From the 17th through the second half of the 19th century, Russia was the world's largest supplier of fur; the fur trade played a vital role in the development of Siberia, the Russian Far East and the Russian colonization of the Americas. As recognition of the importance of the trade to the Siberian economy, the sable is a regional symbol of the Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast and the Siberian Novosibirsk and Irkutsk Oblasts of Russia; the European discovery of North America, with its vast forests and wildlife the beaver, led to the continent becoming a major supplier in the 17th century of fur pelts for the fur felt hat and fur trimming and garment trades of Europe.
Fur was relied on to make warm clothing, a critical consideration prior to the organization of coal distribution for heating. Portugal and Spain played major roles in fur trading after the 15th century with their business in fur hats. From as early as the 10th century and boyars of Novgorod had exploited the fur resources "beyond the portage", a watershed at the White Lake that represents the door to the entire northwestern part of Eurasia, they began by establishing trading posts along the Volga and Vychegda river networks and requiring the Komi people to give them furs as tribute. Novgorod, the chief fur-trade center prospered as the easternmost trading post of the Hanseatic League. Novgorodians expanded farther east and north, coming into contact with the Pechora people of the Pechora River valley and the Yugra people residing near the Urals. Both of these native tribes offered more resistance than the Komi, killing many Russian tribute-collectors throughout the tenth and eleventh centuries.
As Muscovy gained more power in the 15th century and proceeded in the "gathering of the Russian lands", the Muscovite state began to rival the Novgorodians in the North. During the 15th century Moscow began subjugating many native tribes. One strategy involved exploiting antagonisms between tribes, notably the Komi and Yugra, by recruiting men of one tribe to fight in an army against the other tribe. Campaigns against native tribes in Siberia remained insignificant until they began on a much larger scale in 1483 and 1499. Besides the Novgorodians and the indigenes, Muscovites had to contend with the various Muslim Tatar khanates to the east of Muscovy. In 1552 Ivan IV, the Tsar of All the Russias, took a significant step towards securing Russian hegemony in Siberia when he sent a large army to attack the Kazan Tartars and ended up obtaining the territory from the Volga to the Ural Mountains. At this point the phrase "ruler of Obdor and all Siberian lands" became part of the title of the Tsar in Moscow.
So, problems ensued after 1558 when Ivan IV sent Grigory Stroganov to colonize land on the Kama and to subjugate and enserf the Komi living there. The Stroganov family soon came into conflict with the Khan of Sibir. Ivan told the Stroganovs to hire Cossack mercenaries to protect the new settlement from the Tatars. From ca 1581 the band of Cossacks led by Yermak Timofeyevich fought many battles that culminated in a Tartar victory and the temporary end to Russian occupation in the area. In 1584 Ivan’s son Fyodor sent military governors and soldiers to reclaim Yermak conquests and to annex the land held by the Khanate of Sibir. Similar skirmishes with Tartars took place across Siberia. Russian conquerors treated the natives of Siberia as exploited enemies who were inferior to them; as they penetrated deeper into Siberia, traders built outposts or winter lodges called zimovya where they lived and collected fur tribute from native tribes. By 1620 Russia dominated the land from the Urals eastward to the Yenisey valley and to the Altai Mountains in the south, comprising about 1.25 million square miles of land.
Furs would become Russia's largest source of wealth during the seventeenth centuries. Keeping up with the advances of Western Europe required significant capital and Russia did not have sources of gold and silver, but it did have furs, which became known as "soft gold" and provided Russia with hard cur