Edmund Winchester Rucker was a Confederate officer during the American Civil War. After the war he became an industrial leader of Alabama. Fort Rucker, Alabama was named in his honor. Edmund Rucker was born near Murfreesboro, Tennessee on July 22, 1835, he was the grandson of Gen. James Winchester, a veteran of the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. After a basic education Rucker moved to Nashville in 1853, working as railroad surveyor before becoming an engineer, he was the city engineer of Memphis during the late 1850s. When the Civil War broke out Rucker enlisted in the Confederate States Army as a private in Pickett's Tennessee Company of Sappers and Miners. Sent to Kentucky, he was promoted to lieutenant. On May 10, 1862 he was transferred and promoted to captain of Company C, 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery, his unit composed of men from Illinois, his company worked three 8-inch Columbiads and three 32-pounders as part of the garrison during the Battle of Island Number Ten. When the island fell he was commended for his valor.
Rucker was transferred to the cavalry with the rank of major and assigned to enforce conscription laws in East Tennessee. His unit became the 16th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion. In early 1863 Rucker was promoted to colonel and given command of the newly created 1st East Tennessee Legion known as Rucker's Legion, its components were his battalion as well as 12th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion and a battery of artillery. With his legion he participated in Pegram's Kentucky Raid, the Battle of Chickamauga and the Chattanooga Campaign. In February 1864 Rucker was assigned to Forrest's Cavalry Corps in Mississippi and given a brigade under General Abraham Buford, consisting of the 8th and 18th Mississippi and 7th Tennessee Cavalry Regiments. With those he fought in the battles of Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo, where he was wounded in the arm and leg. In November Rucker was appointed acting brigadier general, but his commission was never confirmed by the Confederate Congress. By his brigade, now in the division of General James R. Chalmers, had seen massive change.
It was made up with the 3rd, 7th, 12th, 14th and 15th Tennessee Cavalry Regiments, as well as the 5th Mississippi Cavalry and the 7th Alabama Cavalry. He was wounded and captured in the latter. Rucker was imprisoned at Johnson's Island in Ohio. General Nathan Bedford Forrest organized a prisoner exchange for him and Rucker was with the army again when it surrendered at Gainesville, Alabama on May 9, 1865. After the war he returned to the railroad business, working with Nathan Bedford Forrest. In 1869 he moved to Alabama as superintendent of a railroad. Rucker relocated to Birmingham, Alabama in the early 1880s, building his home in the neighborhood now called Five Points, he worked with former General Joseph E. Johnston and became an industrial magnate, dealing with coal, steel and land as well as being in the banking business; the Episcopalian Rucker was married twice, first to Mary Adele Woodfin in 1873, after her death to Mary T. Bentley in 1886, he had three daughters with his first wife. He was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery.
Fort Rucker, Alabama, is named in his honor. The United Daughters of the Confederacy named a chapter after him, the Gen. Edmond Winchester Rucker Chapter 2534. Eicher, John H. and David J.. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. Rucker's Battery Marker at Latitude 34 North Rucker's Brigade at CRW Flags Rucker Place history The Rucker Family Society
Daleville is a city in Dale County, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 5,295, up from 4,653 in 2000, it is part of the Ozark Micropolitan Statistical Area. The city's nickname is "Gateway to Fort Rucker", as this U. S. Army post is located just north of town. Cairns Army Airfield is located to the south of Daleville on the road to nearby Clayhatchee. Daleville known as "Dale's Court House", was founded in 1827 by veterans of the Creek Indian War who had settled in Dale County following that conflict, it was established as the original county seat of Dale County in 1827 but lost that honor when Coffee County split from Dale in 1841, at which time the seat was moved first to Newton, later to Ozark in 1870, where it remains today. The name of Daleville was adopted in 1848. Daleville voted to incorporate in 1912, but rescinded it in 1916, it voted for incorporation in 1958. Residents of the town formed portions of two regiments of the Confederate States Army during the U. S. Civil War: the 15th Alabama Infantry, famed for charging the 20th Maine on Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg, the 33rd Alabama Infantry.
In the latter regiment, Company "G", called the "Daleville Blues", was recruited from Daleville. Several men from this company were killed in a freak train derailment on November 4, 1862 near Cleveland, Tennessee. Long a tiny farming community, Daleville saw significant expansion during the mid-to-late twentieth century with the establishment and enlargement of Fort Rucker, the U. S. Army's primary aviation training post. Douglas Brown, a former mayor of Ozark, teamed up with two Georgia businessmen, L. C. Hall and Bob Culpepper. Securing a 1.5 million dollar loan, the trio purchased 400 acres of land in Daleville, constructed a lagoon sewer system and began to build the town house by house, shopping center by shopping center. Numerous military personnel made their homes in the community, many elected to stay after their retirement or otherwise completing their service obligation; this large military presence gives the town a more cosmopolitan populace than other area towns farther away from the base.
Daleville was the victim of an F1 tornado on November 24, 2001, part of the Arkansas-Mississippi-Alabama tornado outbreak that occurred on November 23 and 24 of that year. Two restaurants and two industrial buildings were destroyed. Damaged were maintenance buildings, one aircraft, 25 businesses, a church, gas station, two supermarkets, a bank and several homes. 25 people inside the lounge were injured. Daleville is located in southwestern Dale County at 31°18′9″N 85°42′40″W. U. S. Highway 84 passes through the southern part of the city, leading east 21 miles to Dothan and west 10 miles to Enterprise. Daleville is the northern terminus of Alabama State Route 85, which runs south from the city 23 miles to Geneva; this route intersects with US 84 on the south side of town. Alabama State Route 134 runs east from Daleville 7 miles toward Newton. S. 84 to continue on to Enterprise. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Daleville has a total area of all land; the Choctawhatchee River flows a few miles east of the city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,653 people, 1,980 households, 1,245 families residing in the city. The population density was 344.5 people per square mile. There were 2,541 housing units at an average density of 188.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 64.20% White, 25.36% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 3.65% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, 3.63% from two or more races. 3.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,980 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,473, the median income for a family was $40,994. Males had a median income of $30,997 versus $21,162 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,761. About 11.5% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 5,295 people, 2,384 households, 1,353 families residing in the city; the population density was 344.7 people per square mile. There were 2,795 housing units at an average density of 207.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 66.2% White, 22.6% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, 4.3% from two or more races. 10.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,384 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.2% were non-families.
Enterprise is a city in the southeastern part of Coffee County and the southwestern part of Dale County in the southeastern part of Alabama in the Southern United States. The population was 26,562 at the 2010 census. Enterprise is the primary city of the Enterprise Micropolitan Statistical Area, is part of the Dothan-Enterprise-Ozark Combined Statistical Area. Enterprise is famous for the Boll Weevil Monument, a large monument of a woman holding a boll weevil, located in the middle of Main Street; the city erected the statue because the destruction of the cotton crop by the boll weevil had led to agricultural diversity, starting with peanuts and more prosperity than had come from cotton alone. It is said to be the only statue to an insect pest in the world. Enterprise is right outside Fort Rucker, an Army base, the home of Army Aviation. Enterprise is home to Enterprise State Community College; the founder of Enterprise, John Henry Carmichael, first settled there in 1881. Carmichael opened a store, which attracted more settlers to the area, by the next year a post office was relocated from the settlement of Drake Eye to the north to Enterprise.
In 1896, with 250 people having settled there, the city of Enterprise incorporated. Soon afterward, the Alabama Midland Railway came to Enterprise, bringing with it opportunities for commerce and growth. By 1906, ten years after the city incorporated, its population had grown to 3,750; the way of life in Enterprise came under threat in 1915. An infestation of boll weevils had found its way into the region's cotton crops, resulting in the destruction of most of the cotton in Coffee County. Facing economic ruin, the nearly bankrupt area farmers were forced to diversify, planting peanuts and other crops in an effort to lessen the damage and recoup some of the losses inflicted upon them by the invading insect. Two years Coffee County was the leading producer of peanuts in the United States. Enterprise was able not only to stave off disaster, but its economy was renewed by the thriving new crop base. In appreciation, the people of Enterprise erected a monument in the city center to what the monument describes as their "herald of prosperity".
The Boll Weevil Monument was dedicated on December 11, 1919, as a reminder of how the city adjusted in the face of adversity. It is the only monument to an agricultural pest in the world. In the early afternoon of March 1, 2007, Enterprise was hit by a devastating tornado during the February–March 2007 Tornado Outbreak; the tornado caused nine deaths, injured over 121 others, left severe damage in the city estimated at nearly $307,000,000, becoming the worst disaster in Enterprise history. The students names are Michael Bowen Andrew Jackson Ryan Mohler, Peter Dunn lll, Michael Tompkins, Jamie Vidensek, Michelle Wilson Kathryn Strunk and resident Edna Strickland; the worst damage occurred at Enterprise High School, where the eight students died after one hallway was completely destroyed. A quarter-mile wide swath through the downtown area was devastated, with at least 370 houses damaged or destroyed; the National Guard was called into the city, a dusk-to-dawn curfew was implemented after the disaster.
President Bush, who arrived the morning of March 3, declared the county a disaster area. An AmeriCorps team was sent to the city to help participate in disaster relief; as of June 2008 the Hillcrest Elementary School, destroyed during the tornado was being rebuilt at the site of the former Enterprise High School. The high school was to be relocated to the west end of the Boll Weevil Circle, it was due to be rebuilt by the 2010–11 school year at a cost of over $80,000,000. Until the students were required to go to school at the local community college where they built trailers to add classrooms; the high school was rebuilt and reopened on August 23, 2010. As of the 2010 census, there were 26,562 people, 10,513 households, 7,196 families residing in the city; the population density was 850 people per square mile. There were 11,616 housing units at an average density of 371.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.4% White, 20.7% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 4.1% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.8% of the population. There were 10,513 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $48,042, the median income for a family was $63,036. Males had a median income of $45,556 versus $31,588 for females; the per capita income for the city was $25,185. About 13.9% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 census, there were 21,178 people, 8,533 households, 5,973 families residing in the city. The population density was 684.2 people per square mile. The
Geneva County, Alabama
Geneva County is a county of the U. S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,790, its county seat is Geneva. The county was named after its county seat, which in turn was named after Geneva, New York, named after Geneva, Switzerland, by Walter H. Yonge, an early town resident and Swiss native. Geneva County is a dry county in certain areas. Beer and wine are sold in Geneva and Slocomb, but it isn't sold in any capacity in Hartford. Geneva County is part of AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Geneva County was established on December 26, 1868; the county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic. On March 10, 2009, a gunman, identified as Michael McLendon, went on a shooting spree at nine locations in Geneva County from the town of Samson to the city of Geneva, killing ten people and wounding six others. McLendon entered his former place of employment, Reliable Metal Products on the northeastern side of Geneva, where he took his own life.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 579 square miles, of which 574 square miles is land and 4.5 square miles is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in Alabama by total area. State Route 27 State Route 52 State Route 54 State Route 85 State Route 87 State Route 103 State Route 123 State Route 153 State Route 167 State Route 196 Dale County Houston County Holmes County, Florida Walton County, Florida Covington County Coffee County Jackson County, Florida The 2010 United States Census has the breakdown as: 86.3% White 9.5% Black 0.8% Native American 0.3% Asian 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1.6% Two or more races 3.4% Hispanic or Latino As of the census of 2000, there were 25,764 people, 10,477 households, 7,459 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile. There were 12,115 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.11% White, 10.65% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races.
1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,477 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,448, the median income for a family was $32,563. Males had a median income of $26,018 versus $19,341 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,620.
About 15.90% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.20% of those under age 18 and 21.80% of those age 65 or over. Geneva Hartford Samson Slocomb Black Coffee Springs Malvern Taylor Eunola Much like the state and the rest of the Deep South, Geneva County was locked for the Democrats before 1964, except when powerful anti-Catholic and Prohibitionist feelings directed against “wet” Democratic nominee Al Smith allowed Herbert Hoover to win in 1928 by forty-eight votes; however since 1980, Geneva County has been a Republican stronghold. The last Democrat to carry the county was Deep South native Jimmy Carter in 1976. Geneva is noteworthy for being the best county in the country for segregationist and Alabama native George Wallace in the 1968 election, where his main support was from the Deep South and was strongest in the Wiregrass and Piney Woods regions. National Register of Historic Places listings in Geneva County, Alabama Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Geneva County, Alabama Official Site
United States Army Aviation Center of Excellence
The U. S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence the Army Aviation Center and School, is the United States Army Aviation Branch's training and development center, located at Fort Rucker, Alabama, it "trains military and international personnel in leadership skills integrates aviation warfighting doctrine and requirements determination across the DOTMLPF" Its Commanding General is Major General William K Gayler. The Center of Excellence includes three aviation brigades, the 1st Aviation Brigade, 110th Aviation Brigade, 128th Aviation Brigade, a Noncommissioned Officers' Academy. Most training of pilots and mechanics for World War II Army Aviators was conducted by the Department of Air Training within the Field Artillery School at Henry Post Army Airfield, Okla. although the Army Air Forces conducted some primary training of Army Aviation personnel. During the Korean War, the Department of Air Training at Post Field expanded, in early 1953, it became the Army Aviation School; as a result of the expansion of both aviation and artillery training, Post Field became overcrowded, the Army decided to move the Army Aviation School to a different post.
When no satisfactory permanent Army post was found, a temporary post, Camp Rucker, Ala. was chosen. The Army Aviation School began moving to Alabama in August 1954 and the first class began at Rucker in October. On 1 February 1955, the Army Aviation Center was established at Rucker. In October of that year, the post was given permanent status with the name change from Camp Rucker to Fort Rucker. Before the mid-1950s, the Air Force had provided primary training for Army Aviation pilots and mechanics. In 1956, the U. S. Department of Defense gave the Army control over all of its own training. Gary and Wolters Air Force Bases in Texas, where the Air Force had been conducting this training, were transferred to the Army. Lacking adequate facilities at Fort Rucker, Army Aviation continued primary fixed-wing training at Camp Gary until 1959 and primary rotary-wing training at Fort Wolters until 1973; the pioneer African American flying instructor Milton Crenchaw taught at then-Camp Rucker from 1954 to 1966.
In 1956, the Army Aviation Center began testing weapons on helicopters. These tests, conducted while the Air Force still theoretically had exclusive responsibility for aerial fire support, led to the development of armament systems for Army helicopters; the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission recommended that Aviation logistics establishments at Fort Eustis be consolidated with the Aviation Center and School at Fort Rucker, although this did not take place. What had become the U. S. Army Aviation Warfighting Center was subsequently renamed the U. S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence on 26 June 2006; the 1st Aviation Brigade commands three distinctly different battalions—the 1st Battalion, 13th Aviation Regiment. The 1st Aviation Brigade traces its origins to the Vietnam War. In April 1965 the U. S. Army Aviation Brigade was activated with the existing 13th, 14th, 52nd, 145th Aviation Battalions in South Vietnam, reporting to it. In August 1965 it became the 12th Aviation Group, which doubled in size and was used to form the 1st Aviation Brigade in March 1966.
Dunstan, in Vietnam Choppers writes that the numerous independent aviation companies deployed during the war's early years had become difficult to move between sectors because they had developed'individual means of operating in conjunction with the formations they supported.' Thus the brigade was formed to achieve standardization. Brigadier General George P. Seneff, the Staff Aviation Officer at Military Assistance Command Vietnam, became the brigade commander; because the requirements varied in each part of Vietnam, the brigade tried to collocate one assault helicopter company with each U. S. brigade and in course of time each Republic of Korea brigade. The companies supporting Army of the Republic of Vietnam units were located in centralized positions to best provide support; the brigade assigned one combat aviation battalion headquarters in direct support of each infantry division and this battalion headquarters worked with that division no matter how many companies might be assigned for a specific mission.
The Brigade Headquarters and Headquarters Company was located in Saigon from May 1966 until August 1967. The HQ moved to Long Binh where it remained until Long Binh was closed in the early autumn of 1972; the HQ moved to the MACV compound at Tan Son Nhut, where it stayed until withdrawal. At this time the 52nd Aviation Battalion supported the 4th Infantry Division in the highlands, the 10th Aviation Battalion supported the brigade of the 101st and the Republic of Korea division, the 11th Combat Aviation Battalion supported the 1st Infantry Division, the 214th—the 9th Division, the 269th Aviation Battalion—the 25th Division; the 13th Battalion, to become a full group, remained in the Mekong Delta. Two aviation groups—the 17th and the 12th—supervised the aviation assets in the II and III Corps Tactical Zones respectively; the aviation group commander was the aviation officer for the U. S. Field Force commander. During June 1970, the 1st Aviation Brigade reached its largest size, at which point it contained four combat aviation groups, 16 combat aviation battalions, 83 companies totaling over 4,000 aircraft and 27,000 personnel.
The 34th General Support Group was transferred to the control of 1st Aviation Brigade in November 1971 where it continued in operation well into 1972. On the signing of the cease-fire on 28 January 1973
United States Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center
The U. S. Army Combat Readiness Center is a United States Army organization; the Army Safety Team provides safety and risk management expertise to the Army, DoD, other agencies. It is located at Fort Rucker, alongside the Army's major flight training unit; the center has developed a myriad of tools and resources that reinforce the sound principles of risk management. These resources are a means to assist Leaders, Army Civilians and Managers, Family members in and safely completing their missions and off-duty activities while mitigating the harmful effects of risk; the USACRC website hosts many tools to identify hazards, reduce risk and prevent both accidental and tactical loss. The USACRC's objective is to keep all Army personnel and their Family members safe and strong, it is commanded by Brigadier General Jeffrey Farnsworth. The U. S. Army Combat Readiness Safety Center traces its origin to the Army Accident Review Board, a section of the Army Aviation Training Department of the Artillery School at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
The Review Board consisted of two officers and one enlisted. As Army aviation expanded, so did the work of the Review Board, moved to Fort Rucker in Alabama, with the U. S. Army Aviation School in 1954; the Review Board was renamed the U. S. Army Board for Aviation Accident Research in 1957. USABAAR's mission included not only the review of aircraft accident reports but crash-site investigations and research into aviation safety matters involving aircraft design and training as well as supervision, maintenance and human factors. In 1972, USABAAR became the U. S. Army Agency for Aviation Safety under the supervision of the director of Army Aviation, Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Force Development. Responsibilities of USAAAVS were expanded to include accident prevention education, safety assistance visits Armywide, establishment of Army aviation safety policy, collection of all Army aviation accident data, promotion of system safety, support of selected aspects of the Army’s ground safety program.
USAAAVS was under the supervision of the Inspector General from 1974 to 1978. In 1978, it became a field operating agency of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, its mission was further expanded. USAAAVS assumed responsibility for both aviation and ground safety and was renamed the U. S. Army Safety Center; the Commander of the Army Safety Center became the deputy director of Army Safety in October 1983. The Safety Center was given Army staff responsibility for implementation of the Army Safety Program and served as the primary advisor on accident prevention to the Department of the Army. In July 1987, the Safety Center became a field operating agency of the Chief of Staff of the Army; the commander of the Safety Center was designated as the director of Army Safety. The director of Army Safety was made a general officer position, reporting through the Director of the Army Staff to the Chief of Staff, Army. Following the September 11 attacks and the resulting U. S. military action, United States Department of Defense leadership recognized the enormous impact that accidental loss had, continues to have, on the readiness and capability of the Army.
As a result, January 31, 2005, the U. S. Army Safety Center was redesignated as the U. S. Army Combat Readiness Center with an expanded mission to become the center of gravity for all loss-related areas; as the Army’s knowledge center for loss data collection and information dissemination, the USACRC assists the Army with the preservation of combat power through the application of Risk Management in order to stop Soldiers getting hurt. Most Army accidental deaths occur while Soldiers are off duty, statistics from fiscal 2011 reveal there were 136 off-duty accidental fatalities compared to only 40 on-duty. For soldiers who are at home or play owned vehicle accidents are the most prevalent cause of death. Sedans and motorcycles were involved in most of these incidents. Risk management is the Army’s primary decision-making process to identify hazards, reduce risk and prevent accidents and can be used by Soldiers at any time if they aren’t at work. Besides urging Soldiers to use risk management both on and off duty, battle buddies and Family members can help reduce off-duty deaths by getting involved in their Soldiers’ lives and helping them make better decisions.
The U. S. Army Combat Readiness Center has many tools and programs to help leaders, battle buddies and Family members identify risky behaviors, provide solutions and help prevent needless accidents both on and off duty; the U. S. Army Combat Readiness Center has developed a myriad of tools that reinforce the sound principles of Risk Management <https://safety.army.mil/crm/>, which assist leaders in and safely completing their mission, while mitigating the harmful effects of risk. These tools were developed to keep the Army Family safe and strong, reflecting the organizational catchphrase, "Army Safe is Army Strong." Some tools can only be accessed by those with Army Knowledge Online accounts. U. S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center official website
35th Infantry Division (United States)
The 35th Infantry Division is an infantry formation of the Army National Guard commanded by Major General Victor J. Braden, it is headquartered at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The 35th Division was organized August 25, 1917, at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, as a unit of the National Guard, with troops from Missouri and Kansas, it was deactivated in 1919 but was reconstituted in 1935 and served with a brief interruption until it was deactivated again in 1963. The 35th Infantry Division was reactivated and the headquarters and headquarters company federally recognized on August 25, 1984, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; the division's shoulder patch, a white Santa Fe cross on a blue disc with a green border, was approved for the 35th Division on 29 October 1918. The Santa Fe cross was a symbol used to mark the Santa Fe Trail, an area where the unit trained, was designated as an identifying device for the unit by Headquarters, 35th Division General Orders 25, dated March 27, 1918; the organization is referred to as the Santa Fe Division.
Ordered into federal service: 5 August 1917 Overseas: 7 May 1918 Returned to U. S. and demobilized: April 1919. Major General William M. Wright Brigadier General Lucien Grant Berry Major General William M. Wright Brigadier General Nathaniel F. McClure Major General Peter E. Traub Brigadier General Thomas B. Dugan Major General Peter E. Traub Brigadier General Thomas B. Dugan The 35th Division arrived at Le Havre, France, on 11 May 1918; the 35th served a brigade at a time, in the Vosges mountains between 30 June and 13 August. The whole division served in Alsace, 14 August to 1 September. Men of the division spent ninety-two days in five in active; the 35th Division had as an officer Captain Harry Truman, 33rd President of the United States, who commanded Battery D of the 129th Field Artillery Regiment. Units of the 35th Division during World War I included: Headquarters, 35th Division 69th Infantry Brigade 137th Infantry Reginent 138th Infantry Regiment 129th Machine Gun Battalion 70th Infantry Brigade 139th Infantry Regiment 140th Infantry Regiment 130th Machine Gun Battalion 60th Field Artillery Brigade 128th Field Artillery Regiment 129th Field Artillery Regiment 130th Field Artillery Regiment 110th Trench Mortar Battery 128th Machine Gun Battalion 110th Engineer Regiment 110th Field Signal Battalion Headquarters Troop, 35th Division 110th Train Headquarters and Military Police 110th Ammunition Train 110th Supply Train 110th Engineer Train 110th Sanitary Train 137th, 138th, 139th, 140th Ambulance Companies and Field Hospitals Campaigns: Meuse-Argonne Offensive Total battle casualties: 7,296 Killed in action: 1,018 Wounded in action: 6,278 Pursuant to Section 3a of the 1920 amendments to the National Defense Act of 1916, a systematic effort was made to return units of the National Guard and Organized Reserve to the states from which they had originated.
In 1921, the 35th Division was reconstituted in the National Guard, allotted to the states of Kansas and Nebraska of the Seventh Corps Area, assigned to the VII Corps. Due to a lack of funding and disputes between the states allotted for the division; the 35th Division headquarters was not organized and federally recognized until 13 September 1935. In the 1920s and 1930s, constituent units of the division performed various activities policing labor troubles and effecting disaster relief. 180 Organized Reserve officers of the 89th and 102nd Divisions were provided with training by the division. Due to constricted funding, all the units of the 35th Division did not gather together in one place for training until the Fourth Army maneuvers at Fort Riley, Kansas in 1937; the division concentrated at Camp Ripley, Minnesota, in 1940. Riot control duty during a coal miners' strike in Pittsburg, 14 December 1921-26 February 1922 Tornado relief duty in Hutchinson 13-15 January 1923, Horton, 18-19 June 1923 Flood relief duty in Hutchinson, July 1929 Riot control duty during a workers' strike at the Nebraska City meat packing plant, 1922 Flood relief duty along the Republican River, 1935 Martial law in conjunction with a streetcar workers' strike in Omaha, 7-19 June 1935 Riot control duty during a coal miners' strike in Pittsburg, 14 December 1921-26 February 1922 Tornado relief duty in Augusta, 13-16 July 1924 Road patrols and bridge blocks during a prison breakout in Lansing, 19-20 January 1934 Riot control duty during a copper miners' disturbance in Baxter Springs, 8-27 June 1934, during a coal miners' strike in Columbus, 17 June-6 August 1935 Riot control duty during a railroad workers' strike in Poplar Bluff, July 1922 Tornado relief duty in St. Louis, 29 September-6 October 1927 Riot control duty at railroad workers' strikes in Moberly and Poplar Bluff, 13 July-23 November 1922, during a workers' strike in New Madrid, May 1923 Flood relief duty along the Mississippi River at Charleston and Poplar Bluff, 16 April-12 May 1927 and January 1937, along the St. Francis River, June 1928, every spring 1932-1933 and 1935-1938 Flood relief duty in Forrest City, Camp Barton, Jonesboro, January-February 1937 Road patrols and bridge blocks during a prison breakout in Lansing, 19-20 January 1934 Riot control duty during a coal miners' strike in Columbus, 17-25