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Galdakao is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. It is located in the Greater Bilbao, in the valley of the Ibaizabal river, near the Ganguren mountain range, it is surrounded by some summits such as Arrezurriaga and Santa María in the north and Upo and Mandoia in the south. It is conterminous with Zamudio and Larrabetzu in the north, with Zaratamo and Zeberio in the south, with Amorebieta and Bedia in the east and with Etxebarri and Basauri in the west. Aperribai Arteta Bekea Bengoetxe Berezikoetxe Elexalde Erletxe Olabarrieta-Txistulanda Urreta Usansolo Tximelarre Bekoa Tximelarre Goikoa Muguru Zabalea GALDAKAO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Official website
Ermua is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. In 2014, Ermua had 16,194 inhabitants. Ermua is a town in the Durangaldea comarca of the province of Biscay in northern Spain, it is situated in a steep-sided valley beside a tributary of the Deba River. Because of the steep, irregular terrain, building space is limited, Ermua is one of the most densely populated towns in the Basque country. To the north of Ermua lies the municipality of Mallabia, to the east lies Eibar and to the south lies Zaldibar. Eibar is a larger town which lies just across the provincial border, in the province of Gipuzkoa, the two towns forming a single urban area. Ermua has grown in size during the 1960s and 1970s and acts as a dormitory town to Eibar, both of them being industrial towns. Ermua and Eibar are linked by the N-634 and share a common exit from the Autopista AP-8, the toll road that crosses the Basque Country, connects Bilbao with the French Border.
Ermua and Eibar are connected by the narrow gauge railway that runs from Bilbao to San Sebastián. Historic buildings in Ermua include the Church of Santiago Apóstol, an unusual Renaissance building with a fine bell tower, the Baroque Valdespina Palace, now the Town Hall, the sixteenth century Lobiano Palace. On 10 July 1997, Miguel Ángel Blanco, a town councillor in Ermua, was kidnapped by ETA, the Basque separatist organization. ETA demanded that the Spanish government transfer members of the organization imprisoned outside the Basque Country to prisons in the Basque Country, when the Spanish government did not accede to their demands, their hostage was executed, his kidnapping and death had a great impact on both Spanish and Basque society and sparked the formation of an anti-terrorism organisation, a peace movement known as "Foro de Ermua". It aimed to promote political and civil liberties but was limited in popular appeal, being handicapped by being supported by the Basque elite and Spanish nationalists.
ERMUA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa – Auñamendi Encyclopedia ERMUA. Football championship – Ermua Libertario
Balmaseda is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the Basque Country. Balmaseda is the capital city of the comarca of Enkarterri, in western Biscay and serves an important role in the province thanks to its proximity to the capital city of Bilbao and the regions of Cantabria and Castile and León, its toponomy comes from a union of the Spanish word val, meaning "valley", the Basque mahatseta, which means "vineyard", Val-Mahatseta would mean "valley of vineyards", which would evolve into Valmaseda in use in Spanish, Balmaseda, following the orthographic rules of the Basque language. The lands in which Balmaseda is located had been inhabited since centuries before its official foundation, with evidence of ancient pastoral activity. In the eastern end of the municipality there is a Roman milestone which belonged to the Pisorica-Flaviobriga road, which connected the present-day cities of Castro Urdiales and Herrera de Pisuerga; this road is believed to have been in use at least since the 1st Century, as the milestone is dated 238.
Though the town's old bridge could have been built there are not any evidences of its existence until some centuries later. The territory in which today is located Balmaseda belonged to the valley of Mena, included in the Kingdom of Castile in the 9th Century. Although it was conquered by the Kingdom of Navarre, the Castilians recovered it in 1175, moment when the king handed over the territory to Lope Sánchez de Mena, Lord of Bortedo and kin of the Lord of Biscay. Lope Sánchez founded the village on the same location of a previous settlement, in one of the banks of the river Kadagua, granting the village the fuero of Logroño. Among the reasons for the foundation of the village were its protected location between mountains and the existence of a commercial road connecting to Castile and Biscay; the village was incorporated to the lands of the Lord of Biscay when the Lord Lope Díaz II de Haro married the daughter of Alfonso IX, thus obtaining the territories of Balmaseda and Orduña. In 1234, Lope confirmed the municipal charter establishing Balmaseda as a town.
However, this first union with Biscay would not last much. In 1274 it was given back to Biscay to be once more handed back to Castile in 1288 after the murder of Lope Díaz III in Alfaro following the orders of Sancho IV. Diego López IV would once more reinstate Balmaseda into Biscay. In 1312, after the disputes between Biscay and Castile, Balmaseda was once more reintegrated into the kingdom; the town would be incorporated again in Biscay in 1388. On 5 November 1808 the city was the theatre of the Battle of Valmaseda, part of the Peninsular War, between French and Spanish armies; the municipality of Balmaseda is located in mountainous territory, in southwestern Biscay and 30 kilometers away from the province capital city Bilbao. Balmaseda is located in the comarca of Enkarterri and it borders Artzentales, in the west, with Sopuerta in the north and Zalla in the east. In the south Balmaseda borders with the autonomous community of León, it is surrounded by the Ordunte mountains. Nature park of Valley of Karrantza with Pozalagua Cave situated not far from Balmaseda.
The main river of the municipality is the river Kadagua, which forms the narrow valley where the town is located. The river is joined by several minor streams as the Acebo, Coliza and Angostura; the river Kadagua has had historical importance for the town and still today has an important symbolism, as it is present on the town's coat of arms. Amongst city's landmarks are Puente Viejo Roman Bridge, Ayuntmiento-Town Hall, Cathedral Iglesia de San Severino, Church of Sagrado Corazón, Iglesia San Juan, Iglesia de Santa Clara with museum, Palacio Horcasitas, Balmaseda historical museum, La Encartada beret factory museum, modern court of justice. Balmaseda carries Medieval market in San Severino festival on 23 October. Balmaseda has Sociedad Deportiva Balmaseda Fútbol Club with home La Baluga camp stadium. Balmaseda is connected with the rest of the province of Enkarterri region and the capital city of Bilbao by the BI-636 road and by the narrow-gauge railway Feve and by bus. Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza, an important Jesuit author of theological and philosophical textbooks.
Tifariti, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic San Severino Marche, Italy Balmaceda, Chile Balmaceda, an alternate spelling found in Spanish surnames. BALMASEDA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Gorliz is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, which lies within the autonomous community of the Basque Country, in northern Spain. The town had 5,664 inhabitants in 2014. Gorliz consists of the following neighborhoods: Elexalde, Santa María, Gandia, San José, Guzurmendi and Orabille, its economy is based on the services sector. Its principal source of income is the tourism. Over last years it has become one of the most touristic centres in Biscay. One of the biggest attractions of the municipality is nearby pine forest. Near the northernmost part of the beach, sometimes considered as the separated Beach of Astondo, lie the Petrified Dunes of Astondo, which were declared a Site of Community Importance. Churches such as the Church of the Immaculate Conception, founded in the 10th century and remodeled in 1781, the church of Santa María are attractions. In Cabo Villano, Billao in Basque, about 30 minutes from downtown, magnificent views can be enjoyed along the lighthouse. In this area there are cannons and underground galleries built after the Spanish Civil War by Francoist Spain, using prisoners of war on the Republican side, in anticipation of a hypothetical landing of the Allies after World War II that never came.
Gorliz has a camping, a youth hostel and many other places of interest. With a length of 842m and a width of 120m, the modeled Gorliz beach has an excellent bathing water quality, it is accessible from the BI-2120 road to Mungia, taking the exit from the Saratxaga roundabout to Gorliz and taking the BI-3158, that goes to Gorliz Hospital. There are several bus lines close directly to the beach and from the last stop on line 1 of the underground Metro Bilbao, "Plentzia", it is a pleasant walk of around 2 km along the edge of the River Butroe estuary to Gorliz beach. At the beginning of the 20th century, the properties of the baths of sea, the new medicine for rehab and a new concept of free time fixed new habits and treatments, but the history of this first marine sanatorium of the Biscayan coast was born from the ideas of several doctors, between whom Dr. Enrique Areilza stood out; the idea attracted the attention of the Deputation of Biscay, presided in those moments by Luis de Salazar. From 1979-2007 Górliz's mayors belonged to the Basque Nationalist Party.
In 2007 there were separate EA and PNV. The PNV was again the most voted, but obtained a simple majority of 40% of the valid votes, which earned him only six of the 13 councillors. Emma Calzada of the Independent Group was elected mayor of Gorliz, with the votes of his group, the Basque PP, Ezker Batua - Berdeak - Aralar and Eusko Alkartasuna. 1 2 3 On June 29, San Pedro festivity, a pilgrimage takes place in the neighborhood of Iberre. The main festivity of Gorliz is celebrated around July Santiago day; the festive activities include Basque Poliphony. The neighborhood Andra Mari celebrates its singular festivities the first weekend of August, with its traditional paella contest and with the pilgrimage on August 5 in honor of the Virgin of Andra Mari de Aguirre and Las Nieves; the third weekend of August the festivities of Urezarantza-Fano neighborhood take place. On December 8, feast of Immaculate Conception, a Christmas fair and a snails in "vizcaina" style contest are celebrated. GÓRLIZ in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Getxo is a town located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country, in Spain. It is part of Greater Bilbao, has about 80,000 inhabitants. Getxo is an affluent residential area, as well as being the third largest municipality of Biscay. Getxo was a parish a rural area, including a large beach at the mouth of the Estuary of Bilbao, centered on the little fishing village of Algorta; the parish council met at the church of Getxoko Andra Mari or Santa María de Getxo, not far from the headland called Punta Galea. The town's coat of arms has an oak with two cauldrons chained to its branches and the motto Kaltea Dagianak Bizarra Lepoan. With industrialisation in the 19th century, some parts of Getxo evolved into residential areas for the rich bourgeois class. A residential area called; the village of Algorta grew around the church of Saint Nicholas and the canalisation of the firth, provided for the colonisation of the beach, where a district called Areeta in Basque and Las Arenas was built.
Near Areeta / Las Arenas, on the other side of the road to Bilbao, there grew a working-class district called Erromo, similar to the one that grew near Neguri: Neguri Langile. In the 20th century, urban development reached the rural areas of Getxoko Andra Mari. Getxo, as well as the surrounding area known as Uribe-Kosta, grew in the last decades of the 20th century. While in the early 1980s the town had only 50,000 inhabitants, it has now more than 83,000; the surrounding towns of Leioa and Sopelana have multiplied their population in the same period. Getxo was hit by the Basque Conflict several times, with the town being the location of many ETA attacks; the deadliest of these was an ambush in October 1978 when three civil guards were killed and the most recent the car bomb attack on May 19, 2008. Many activists of the organisation have been born in Getxo, such as Arkaitz Goikoetxea, it is located 14 km north of Bilbao, in the province and historical Territory of Biscay, in the community of the Basque Country, in the north of Spain.
It has an area of 11.64 square kilometres. It borders in the north with Sopelana, in the east with Berango and Leioa, in the south with Portugalete and in the west with the Bay of the Cove; the municipality encompasses the neighborhoods of Las Arenas, Romo and Santa María de Getxo. But for the inhabitants of Getxo there is a more thorough division: Las Arenas: Las Mercedes, Santa Ana, Zugazarte y Antiguo Golf. Neguri: Neguri, San Ignacio. Algorta: Algorta centre, María Cristina, Arrigunaga, Villamonte, La Humedad, Fadura, Usategui, Portu Zaharra / Puerto Viejo and Bidezábal. Aiboa Santa María de Guecho / Getxoko Andra Mari: Aixerrota, Punta Galea, Avenida del Ángel, La Venta y Azkorri. RomoThe founding nucleus of the town of Getxo, the elizate or anteiglesia is what is known as Santa María or Andra Mari, a group of country houses or "baserris" around Saint Mary's church. Las Arenas and Neguri arose in the late nineteenth century as residential areas for the Basque industrial bourgeoisie. Neguri neighborhood is characterized by the palaces in which lived the elite of the bourgeoisie and where nowadays many of the people with more resources of Getxo live.
The name of Neguri was coined by Resurrección María de Azkue, since it was called Aretxetaurre. Neguri comes from the merger of two Basque words: negu and uri: Neguko hiri, the winter city designed, as has been noted, for the Basque bourgeoisie; the neighborhood of Algorta is the district of largest population of Getxo. The greatest expansion was in the 70s when middle-class families decided to find a more comfortable place to live rather than in the neighborhoods of the left bank of the Nervion. Romo neighborhood was built in the beginning to house the working class separated by the train barriers from Las Arenas. Nowadyas reaches the traffic circle of Romo; the district was shaped like a horseshoe. It borders the neighbourhood of Ibaiondo, so much so that the road from the roundabout Romo until the bank of the estuary of Bilbao is the municipal border between Getxo and Leioa. One sidewalk belongs to each municipality; the neighborhood of Santa María de Getxo stood longer as a rural area until the last third of the 20th century.
It still has several farmhouses, arable fields and pastures and but there are many villas and houses built in the 1990s. This romanesque church built in the 12th century took in the first inhabitants; this church suffered diverse reformations and the church that nowadays we can admire is from the 17th century based on the Baroque period. Inside the church is a sculpture of the Virgin and her son; this monument is the only antique windmill. The construction of the windmill was undertaken between 1726 and 1727 due to a huge drought and was focused on corn and feed production; the windmill, ones in lack of use, was set up as a home during all the 19th century. The name of Aixerrota comes from basque Aixe "wind" and errota "mill"; the construction of this windmill was motivated due to the drought, originated in Biscay at the beginning of the 18th century. It produces two types of flour: ordinary; the first historic date make reference to the windmill property is
Not to be confused with Abanto in Aragón. Abanto y Ciérvana-Abanto Zierbena is a municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the north of Spain. Abanto was divided into concejos, Susoko Abanto or Abanto de Suso and Yusoko Abanto or Abanto de Yuso, nowadays administratively divided into neighborhoods or wards: Susoko Abanto Abanto Campillo Gallarta Balastera Florida Las Calizas Picón Santa Juliana Triano Yusoko Abanto Cotorrio Las Carreras Las Cortes El Once Olabarrieta Murrieta Putxeta San Pedro Abanto Sanfuentes January 1842 – January 1843 Andrés José de San Martín January 1843 - July 1843 Emeterio del Alisal July 1843 - March 1844 Benigno Ruiz de Murga March 1844 – 1846/01/01 José María de Arechabaleta 1846/01/01 – 1847/01/03 Juan Francisco del Merro 1847/01/03 – 1850/01/01 Miguel de Escuza 1850/01/01 – 1854/01/01 Pablo de los Heros 1854/01/01 – 1854/10/02 Francisco de Robledo 1854/10/02 – 1857/03/12 José González y El Cerro 1857/03/12 – 1859/01/01 Cosme de Allende 1859/01/01 – 1861/01/01 Miguel de Escuza 1861/01/01 – 1865/01/01 José de Aranguren 1865/01/01 – 1867/01/01 Ruperto de Lejarza 1867/01/01 – 1869/01/01 Manuel de Garay y Laza 1869/01/01 - March 1872 Agapito de Sasia March 1872 – September 1873 Antonio Hurtado September 1873 – January 1874 Agustín Yarto January 1874 – 1875/01/01 Antonio de Escuza 1875/01/01 – 1876/01/01 Maximino de Uriarte 1876/01/01 – 1876/03/07 Manuel Chave 1876/03/07 – 1876/04/11 Juan Ángel de Allende 1876/04/11 – 1877/04/01 José Antonio Escuza 1877/04/01 – 1879/07/01 Mamerto Bermeosolo 1879/07/01 – 1881/07/01 Juan Ángel de Allende 1881/07/01 – 1885/07/01 Mariano de Olabarría 1885/07/01 – 1890/01/01 Calisto López Sáez 1890/01/01 – 1891/07/01 Eugenio Solano 1891/07/01 – 1894/01/01 Agustín Iza Rementería 1894/01/01 - October 1900 Calisto López Sáez 1900/11/03 – 1904/01/01 Agustín Iza Rementería 1904/01/01 – 1906/01/01 Agustín Garmendia 1906/01/01 – 1910/01/01 Bernardo Ruiz Elizondo 1910/01/01 - January 1912 Alejo Egusquizaga Bilbao Urtarrila 1912 - January 1914 Manuel Asla January 1914 – 1916/01/01 José Salcedo Zubaran 1916/01/01 – 1918/01/01 Luis Sanjinés 1918/01/01 – 1920/01/01 Fabriciano Torróntegui 1920/01/01 – 1923/10/01 Antonio Pujana Meave 1923/10/01 – 1924/03/26 Dionisio Ureta Balparda 1924/03/26 – 1930/03/12 Tomás Quintana Martín 1930/03/12 – 1931/01/31 Dionisio Ureta Balparda 1931/01/31 – 1931/04/15 Francisco de Uribe Urioste 1931/04/15 – 1931/04/28 Nemesio Merodio Ramos 1931/04/28 – 1934/11/14 Antonio Pujana Meave 1934/11/14 – 1936/02/23 José Colón Laza 1936/02/23 – 1937/07/02 Antonio Pujana Meave 1937/07/02 – 1938/02/09 Luis Sanjinés Renovales 1938/02/09 – 1952/05/03 José Colón Laza 1952/05/03 – 1955/08/29 Eugenio Mendicote Mardones 1955/08/29 – 1959/12/05 Juan Ramón Sánchez-Serrano Múgica 1959/12/05 – 1964/08/26 Francisco Garaygordobil Barrutia 1964/08/26 – 1969/12/14 Tomás Alonso García 1969/12/14 – 1974/09/10 José Antonio Romero Onaindia 1974/09/10 – 1979/04/19 Luis Andrés Merodio García 1979/04/19 – 1983/05/23 Francisco Puerto Balmisa 1983/05/23 - Uztaila 1987 Luis María Vallejo López Uztaila 1987 – 1991/06/15 Francisco Puerto Balmisa 1991/06/15 - 1995 Luis María Vallejo López 1995 - 2003 Juan José Mezcorta Puertollano 2003 - 2013 Manuel Tejada Lanbarri 2013 - in charge Maite Etxebarria Azpiolea Zierbena
Barakaldo is a municipality located in the Biscay province in the Basque Country. Located on the Left Bank of the Estuary of Bilbao, the city is part of Greater Bilbao with a population as of the 2011 census at 100,061. Barakaldo has an industrial river-port heritage and has undergone significant redevelopment with new commercial and residential areas replacing the once active industrial zones; the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica original entry on the town stated: "Pop.: 15,013. Few Spanish towns have developed more than Baracaldo, which nearly doubled its population between 1880 and 1900. During this period many immigrant labourers settled here; the low flat country round Baracaldo is covered with maize, pod fruit and vines". Iron mining formed a large part of Barakaldo's industry; the steel industry, led by Altos Hornos de Vizcaya, had an important presence during the 20th century, until the industrial recession hit the region's economy in the 1980s. In recent decades, the industrial zones surrounding Barakaldo have become less prominent, which can be owed to the shuttering of large companies such as Babcock & Wilcox.
Although several factories remain, areas that were once industrial have been redeveloped into residential properties such as malls and parks. A large exhibition centre; the Bilbao Exhibition Centre has been built on the outskirts of the town. Barakaldo is connected to the rest of the Greater Bilbao metropolitan area by Line 2 of the Metro Bilbao. Four stations are in the city: Gurutzeta/Cruces, Ansio and Bagatza); the Cercanías Bilbao train line has two stations in Barakaldo. BizkaiBus company provides a bus service, with connections to the rest of Biscay. Locally, an urban bus system named. A tram line has been proposed to connect local districts; the main motorway is the A-8 motorway, which goes between Bilbao. It serves as the rest of Spain. A boat ferry service connects Barakaldo to the other side of the Estuary of Bilbao in Erandio. Barakaldo is located 15 kilometres from Bilbao Airport. Population peaked in the 1990s to over 100,300; the decline of local industry decreased the population, in 2002, 95,000 people lived in Barakaldo.
However, a recent increase has sent the population to 100,502 residents. Tourists visit sites in Barakaldo such as the Botanic Garden, the Bilbao Exhibition Centre, the medieval Bridge of Castrexana, some of the city's street sculptures. In July, the town celebrates "Las Fiestas del Carmen," which includes open-air concerts and large fairs. Barakaldo is represented by the Barakaldo Club de Fútbol in Spain's Segunda División B, they play home games at the Estadio Nuevo Lasesarre. A second team, SD Retuerto Sport, plays in Tercera División. Local league teams include Gurutzeta KFT, UD Burtzeña, Pauldarrak FKT, Zuazo C. F. and S. C. D. Dosa-Salesianos. Handball has played a part in Barakaldo's tradition. Now, two teams are present in competitions: Club Balonmano Zuazo Femenino, playing in División de Honor Femenina de Balonmano, Club Balonmano Barakaldo who plays in the Liga ASOBAL. Bizkaia Arena is an indoor arena with a capacity of 18,640, it hosted some games of the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup. Asier del Horno, footballer Carlos Sobera, actor David López, cyclist Iñaki Lafuente, footballer Javier Clemente, football manager Javier González Gómez, footballer Javier Otxoa, cyclist Josep Lluís Núñez, president of FC Barcelona between 1978 and 2000 Unai Expósito, footballer Antonio Iturmendi Bañales, politician Barakaldo D.
F. A Mägo de Oz concert DVD filmed in Barakaldo Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Baracaldo". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3. Cambridge University Press. P. 379. Www.i-barakaldo.com La comunidad virtual de Barakaldo Official website BARAKALDO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia