Penelope Hunter-Stiebel is an American art curator and historian, associated with New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Portland Museum of Art. Born in 1946, Hunter-Stiebel studied at the New York University Institute of Fine Arts, she is married to son of the art dealer Eric Stiebel. The couple live in New Mexico. Hunter-Stiebel worked as a consultant for the Metropolitan's 20th-century decorative arts collection from the early 1970s to 1983, she has been credited with reviving interest in the Metropolitan's Art Deco holdings by her authorship of an article in the museum's bulletin which drew attention to the collection. In 1979 Hunter-Stiebel was appointed associate curator of the Metropolitan museum's applied art department. In 1984 the property developer Donald Trump demolished the former Bonwit Teller department store on Fifth Avenue, known for its exterior decoration. Hunter-Stiebel and the art gallery owner Robert Miller attempted to persuade Trump to donate the sculptural bronze reliefs from the building to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, but they were destroyed.
Hunter-Stiebel caught a cab to the building site and attempted to pay the workmen for the sculptures, but was rebuffed. Hunter-Stiebel described the sculptures as "irreplaceable architectural documents", described Trump as "not an esthetic person". Hunter-Stiebel left the Metropolitan Museum to join her husband and father-in-law at the art dealers Rosenberg & Stiebel, returned to curatorial work for the Portland Art Museum in the 2000s. Hunter-Stiebel left the Portland Museum in 2008. Hunter-Stiebel curated several exhibitions at the Portland Museum including shows of 18th-century French painting, collections from the Musée des Arts Décoratifs and Amsterdam's Rijksmuseum, from the family holdings of the Grand Duchy of Hesse; the Fine Art of the Furniture Maker: Conversations with Wendell Castle and Penelope Hunter-Stiebel, about selected works from the Metropolitan Museum of Art ISBN 9780918098108 American Glass Art.
Billy Budd is a 1962 British historical drama-adventure film produced, co-written by Peter Ustinov. Adapted from the stage play version of Herman Melville's short novel Billy Budd, it stars Terence Stamp as Billy Budd, Robert Ryan as John Claggart, Ustinov as Captain Vere. In his film debut, Stamp was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, received a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Male Newcomer; the film was nominated for four BAFTAs. In the year 1797, the British naval vessel HMS Avenger presses into service a crewman "according to the Rights of War" from the merchant ship The Rights of Man; the new crewman, Billy Budd, is considered naive by his shipmates, they attempt to indoctrinate him in their cynicism. But Budd's steadfast optimism is impenetrable, as when he is asked to critique the horrible stew the crew must eat, he offers "It's hot, and there's a lot of it. I like everything about it except the flavor." The crew discovers Budd stammers in his speech when anxious.
Though Budd manages to enchant the crew, his attempts at befriending the brutal master-at-arms, John Claggart, are unsuccessful. Claggart is cruel and unrepentant, a man who believes he must control the crew through vicious flogging. Claggart orders Squeak to find means of putting Budd on report and to implicate him in a planned mutiny, he brings his charges to the Captain, Edwin Fairfax Vere. Although Claggart has no reason to implicate Budd in the conspiracy, Budd becomes a target because Billy represents everything that Claggart despises: humility and trust in humanity. Vere summons both Budd to his cabin for a private confrontation; when Claggart makes his false charges that Budd is a conspirator, Budd stammers, unable to find the words to respond, he strikes Claggart, who falls backward - against a block and tackle. Captain Vere assembles a court-martial. Vere and all the other officers on board are aware of Budd's simplicity and Claggart's evil, but the captain is torn between his morality and duty to his station.
Vere intervenes in the final stages of deliberations. He argues the defendant must be found guilty for striking Claggart, Budd's superior, not to mention killing him. Vere's soul is in turmoil over the decision, his arguments to pursue the letter of the law succeed, Budd is convicted. Condemned to be hanged from the ship's yardarm at dawn the following morning, Budd takes care to wear his good shoes. At Budd's final words, "God bless Captain Vere!", Vere crumbles, Billy is subsequently hoisted up and hanged on the ship's rigging. At this point the crew is on the verge of mutiny over the incident, but Vere can only stare off into the distance, the picture of abjection, overtaken by his part in the death of innocence. Just as the crew is to be fired upon by the ship's marine detachment, a French vessel appears and commences cannon fire on the Avenger, the crew returns fire. In the course of battle a piece of the ship's rigging falls on Vere; the ship's figurehead is shot off while a narrator tells of Budd's heroic sacrifice.
Robert Ryan as John Claggart, Master d'Arms Peter Ustinov as Edwin Fairfax Vere, Post Captain Terence Stamp as Billy Budd Melvyn Douglas as The Dansker, sailmaker Paul Rogers as Philip Seymour, 1st Lieutenant John Neville as Julian Radcliffe, 2nd Lieutenant David McCallum as Steven Wyatt, Gunnery Officer Ronald Lewis as Enoch Jenkins, maintopman Lee Montague as Squeak, Mr. Claggart's assistant Thomas Heathcote as Alan Payne, maintopman Ray McAnally as William O'Daniel, maintopman Robert Brown as Talbot John Meillon as Neil Kincaid, maintopman Cyril Luckham as Hallam, Captain of Marines Niall MacGinnis as Captain Nathaniel Graveling Not a director of films, Ustinov produces and co-stars in the feature, his dedication to the film appears to emanate from his identification with the characters in the story. He said, "I am an optimist and militant. After all, in order not to be a fool an optimist must know how sad a place the world can be, it is only the pessimist who finds this out anew every day."On the novel itself, Melville had been writing poetry for 30 years when he returned to fiction with Billy Budd in late 1888.
Still unfinished when he died in 1891, it was lost. Melville's biographer accidentally stumbled upon it when going through a trunk of the writer's papers in his granddaughter's New Jersey home in 1919. Melville's widow worked to help complete it, it was published in 1924. Over the years other versions were published, but it was not until Melville's original notes were found that the definitive version was published in 1962. Coincidentally, this movie version, made in continental Europe and England, was released the same year. Stanley Kauffmann of The New Republic wrote Billy Budd was'in every way a failure, it is Ustinov's fault.'. Billy Budd on IMDb Billy Budd at Rotten Tomatoes Billy Budd at the TCM Movie Database Billy Budd at AllMovie Billy Budd at the American Film Institute Catalog