A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
Trinity Episcopal Church (Buffalo, New York)
Trinity Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church complex located at Buffalo in Erie County, New York. The oldest part of the complex was built in 1869 as the Gothic Revival style Christ Chapel; the main church was constructed in 1884-1886 in the Victorian Gothic style and features stained glass windows designed by John LaFarge and Tiffany studios. The parish house, designed by Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson, was constructed in 1905, it was listed on the National Register Of Historic Places in 2008. Trinity Episcopal Church and Christ Chapel, Buffalo as an Architectural Museum website Trinity Episcopal Church, Buffalo, NY: News, Sermons and Information
Theater is a former Buffalo Metro Rail station that served the entertainment and theater districts of downtown Buffalo, New York located in the 600 block of Main Street between Chippewa and Tupper Streets at the north end of the Free Fare Zone, where customers traveling north are required to have proof-of-payment. From October 9, 1984-May 18, 1985, Theater served as the northern terminus, as Metro Rail opened for regular service on May 20, 1985. From May 20, 1985-November 10, 1986, due to construction issues at LaSalle, Amherst Street served as the northern terminus. Prior to 2005, Theater Station served as the southern terminus, as the Taste of Buffalo was held along Main Street between Chippewa and Church Streets. Since November 10, 1986, University serves as the northern terminus. Prior to February 18, 2013, Theater was the last above-ground station, with the subway portal directly north of the station, which caused safety issues leading to decision to close rather than relocate the station.
After 10,359 days in service, Theater permanently closed on February 18, 2013 in order to be demolished to make way for the return of vehicular traffic to the 600 block of Main Street. The Buffalo Theater District is now served by the Fountain Plaza station, located 546 feet south. Theater is located near: Alleyway Theatre Andrews Theatre Buffalo United Artists Babeville Courier Express Building Irish Classical Theatre Company Market Arcade Building AMC Market Arcade 8 Road Less Traveled Theatre Shea's Performing Arts Center 710 Main Street Theatre Trinity Episcopal Church List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations
AMC Theatres is an American movie theater chain headquartered in Leawood, is the largest movie theater chain in the world. Founded in 1920, AMC has the largest share of the American theater market ahead of Regal Cinemas and Cinemark Theatres. After acquiring Odeon Cinemas, UCI Cinemas, Carmike Cinemas in 2016, it became the largest movie theater chain in both the world and the United States, with 2,200 screens in 244 theatres in Europe and over 8,200 screens in 661 theatres in the United States. AMC Theatres was founded in 1920 by Maurice and Barney Dubinsky, traveling the Midwest performing melodramas and tent shows with actress Jeanne Eagels, they purchased the Regent Theatre on 12th Street between Walnut and Grand in downtown Kansas City, Missouri. The Dubinskys changed their name to Durwood, the company they formed became known as Durwood Theatres. In 1961, Edward's son Stanley H. Durwood took control of Durwood Theatres a small 10-theatre chain, when his father died. Stanley had attended Harvard University and served as a navigator in the U.
S. Air Force during World War II, he renamed Durwood Theatres as American Royal Cinema on October 1, 1968. During the incorporation process, the name was changed thereafter to American Multi-Cinema, Inc. and Stanley began to apply military management and the insights of management science to revolutionize the movie theatre industry. As he explained to Variety magazine, "We needed to define what our company was doing in the business. My dad wasn't that organized." It was structured under the belief that every customer was a "guest". Under its new name, AMC opened the two-screen Parkway Twin theatre in a shopping center on Kansas City's Ward Parkway in 1963; this marked the company's first foray into using the multiplex model. According to Variety, Stanley Durwood claimed in 1962 that he "was standing in the lobby of his 600-seat Roxy in Kansas City mulling over its poor grosses, when he realized he could double his box office by adding a second screen and still operate with the same size staff."
The industry embraced the multiplex concept, where additional screens meant little difference in staff and operating costs but resulted in a significant increase in profits. The concept provided more film choices at one location, drawing bigger crowds, it gave owners the flexibility to show big hits on more screens, less reliance on any individual film that could turn out to be a bust. By the 1980s, the company was experiencing strong growth. AMC had built and was operating a number of 10-screen multiplex cinemas in the United Kingdom, including sites at locations such as Dudley and Tamworth; these were subsequently bought and taken over by UCI. In 1995, AMC pioneered the first North American megaplex, a theater that could accommodate thousands, when it opened the AMC Grand 24 in Dallas, Texas. AMC continued to open other megaplex theaters, such as the AMC Hampton Towne Center 24 in Hampton and the chain's busiest theater in the US, the AMC Empire 25 in New York City near Times Square; the largest theaters in the AMC chain have 30 screens, including the AMC Gulf Pointe 30 in Houston, the AMC DINE-IN Grapevine Mills 30 in Grapevine, the AMC Ontario Mills 30 in Ontario, the AMC Orange 30 in Orange, the AMC Cantera 30 in Warrenville, IL, the AMC Forum 30 in Sterling Heights, Michigan.
AMC's megaplexes were a success overseas as well. On December 20, 1996, AMC opened the AMC Arrábida 20 in Portugal. In January 2002, the 16-screen Great Northern theatre was opened in Manchester, supplemented by the opening of a 12-screen cinema on the Broadway Plaza site in Birmingham in October 2003. AMC's United Kingdom outlets serve a dual function. AMC was acquired by Marquee Holdings Inc. in 2004, an investment vehicle controlled by affiliates of J. P. Morgan Partners, LLC, the private equity arm of JPMorgan Chase, Apollo Global Management, a private investment firm. At the time, AMC was publicly traded on AMEX under the code AEN. In 2006, the company announced a new initial public offering, expected to be worth $789 million; the company filed for a $450 million IPO in its third such filing since 2006 on 14 July 2010. Stanley Durwood died in 1999 and was succeeded by Peter Brown, the first non-Dubinsky/Durwood family member to head the company. Gerardo I. Lopez succeeded Brown as CEO and president on March 2, 2009.
Lopez was the Executive Vice President of President Consumer Products Group, Seattle's Best Coffee and Foodservice at Starbucks. Under new leadership, one of the first major announcements came in March of the same year. In the same month, AMC announced that it had closed on a $315 million deal with Sony to replace all of its reel projectors with digital cinema projectors, starting in the second quarter of 2009 and completing in 2012; the company used to have its headquarters in downtown Kansas City. In September 2011, AMC announced plans to move its headquarters to a new $30 million four-story building designed by 360 Architecture in the Park Place development at 117th Street and Nall Ave
Electric Tower is a historic office building and skyscraper located at the corner of Washington and Genesee Streets in Buffalo. It is the seventh tallest building in Buffalo, it is in the Beaux-Arts Classical Revival style. It was designed by James A. Johnson and built in 1912; the tower was based upon an earlier Electric Tower constructed for the 1901 Pan-American Exposition. Additions were made in 1923 and 1928; the white terra-cotta clad was built as the Niagara Mohawk Building and features an octagonal tower which steps back three times to terminate in a large lantern. It is known as Iskalo Electric Tower; the decorative symbols featuring aspects of electricity production are considered precursors to subsequent art deco design. Like One M & T Plaza, the spire of the tower is illuminated with different holiday colors at night throughout the year. Both buildings are illuminated blue and gold for the Buffalo Sabres during the National Hockey League playoffs; the Electric Tower hosts the annual Buffalo Ball Drop on New Year's Eve, one of the continent's largest ball drops outside the New York City ball drop.
People from all celebrate the New Year. The Buffalo Ball Drop is accompanied by a spectacular firework show, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in September 2008. List of tallest buildings in Buffalo Niagara Hudson Building, in Syracuse known as "Niagara Mohawk Building" General Electric Tower - Buffalo, NY - U. S. National Register of Historic Places on Waymarking.com "Niagara Mohawk Building". SkyscraperPage. Electric Tower, Buffalo history website Preservation Studios Buffalo, NY: historic building rehabilitation and preservation consultants
Allen/Medical Campus station
Allen/Medical Campus is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located at the corner of Main and Allen Streets at the northern end of Buffalo, New York's downtown and is the last underground station to the south requiring payment before entering the Free Fare Zone. The station was temporarily closed in 2015 to incorporate a new building at the University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences into the station's aboveground entrances. Allen/Medical Campus station is one of four stations that does not offer an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops. Route 7 buses heading downtown and route 8 buses heading toward Marine Drive do not board at the curb at the same side as the station, served by six bus routes: NFTA 7 Baynes-Richmond 8 Main 29 Wohlers 64 Lockport 66 Williamsville 67 Cleveland Hill University at Buffalo shuttles Blue Line - serves as a shuttle van to University at Buffalo-affiliated locations of the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus from the University at Buffalo-South Campus.
In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line. Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. Allen/Medical Campus station is home of four pieces of work, from Scott Burton. Richard Friedberg's offers an objective sculpture made of steel, it is polychromed with durable paint and high gloss coloration. It is located on a wall over the escalator between the mezzanine and the level between the mezzanine and train platforms. Charles Clough offers riders a large photographic mural based on the work of Charles Burchfield, Buffalo's most famous painter; the Latin Gallery group offers riders a wall located along a sidewalk at the south end of the station in bright colors, containing selected excerpts from chosen poetry. The work is on colored enamel fused to copper tile.
Though subtle, Scott Burton offers riders a pair of bronze benches located in the middle of the mezzanine near the ticket vending machines. The two benches pay tribute to the American Arts and Crafts Movement; the benches represent downtown directions to the station. Each of the benches are invite participation, by passengers sitting in them. Allen/Medical Campus station is located near: Allentown Anchor Bar Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute Since Allen/Medical Campus station serves as a terminal south is a double crossover. During the weekends of August 9–10, 2013 and July 18–20, 2014, due to construction of the 600 and 500 blocks of Main Street to include vehicular traffic, Allen/Medical Campus station temporarily served as the southern terminus; as a result, NFTA-Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers between this station and Erie Canal Harbor station, with each shuttle running every 15 minutes. From February 16-March 16, 2015, April 20-May 18, 2015, June 6–7, 2015, June 13–14, 2015, June 26–27, 2015, August 22–23, 2015, September 8–25, 2015 and July 5, 2016, due to construction of the new University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Allen/Medical Campus station was temporarily closed.
Passengers who wanted to access the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to deboard the train at Summer-Best station, as it temporarily served as the southern terminus of the paid fare zone. As a result, NFTA-Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers to the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus, with each shuttle running every 10 minutes. From July 6-October 10, 2016, passengers with mobility devices who use Allen/Medical Campus station to access the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to exit at Summer-Best station and board the #8 Main bus, as the Mezzanine-to-Street Level elevator was being replaced. From September 24-October 9, 2016, due to construction of the new University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Allen/Medical Campus station was temporarily closed. Passengers who wanted to access the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to deboard the train at Summer-Best station, as it temporarily served as the southern terminus of the paid fare zone.
As a result, NFTA-Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers to the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus, with each shuttle running every 12 minutes. List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations
Buffalo Savings Bank
The Buffalo Savings Bank is a neoclassical, Beaux–Arts style bank branch building located at 1 Fountain Plaza in downtown Buffalo, New York. The Buffalo Savings Bank building opened in May 1901; the building's signature feature is the gold-leafed dome, which measures 23 feet tall and 56 feet in diameter. It is covered with 13,500 terra-cotta tiles; the tiles were overlaid with copper, which took on a greenish hue. The tiles have been gilded three times; the last restoration required 140,000 paper-thin sheets of 23.75-carat gold leaf at a cost $500,000. The building contains a 9-foot clock above the main columned entrance. In 1982, the original bank building received a larger linked addition on the north side called M & T Center. In 1991, the Buffalo Savings Bank company was dissolved; the building serves as a branch of M&T Bank and has been designated a City of Buffalo Landmark. Key Center North Tower and Key Center South Tower are across Main Street from the building; the Electric Tower is to the southeast.
In 2010, the bank was used in the filming of a movie in which the bank is robbed. Green & Wicks