Brunot Island is a 129-acre island in the Ohio River. It is part of the Marshall-Shadeland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania in the United States, it was named for Dr. Felix Brunot; the family entertained the Lewis and Clark expedition on the island in August 1803. The island is home to the Brunot Island Generating Station, a 315 MW fossil fuel power plant; the Ohio Connecting Railroad Bridge crosses the Ohio River at the island. The island does not otherwise connect to the land, all vehicular traffic must use a ferry to access the island; the employees of the power plant use a pedestrian walkway on the railroad bridge to go to work. The walkway is not accessible to the public. From 1903 to 1914, the island was the home of Brunots Island Race Track. Type: Fossil fuel. Airgun Accident
Hazelwood is a neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the United States. It is represented on Pittsburgh City Council by Corey O'Connor, it is bordered by Greenfield and Oakland on the north, Squirrel Hill and Glen Hazel on the east, the Monongahela River on the south and west. The Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire houses 13 Truck in Hazelwood. In 1758 a large tract of woodland was purchased for $10,000 under the Stanwix Treaty made with the Native-Americans; this area would include Greenfield of the 15th ward. Hazelwood takes its name from the hazelnut trees; the first settlers settled what was known as Scotch Bottom. This area ran from Four Mile Run to Six Mile Ferry and six miles from the Point respectively. Among the first settlers was John Woods, a politician who built his'Hazel Hill' estate in 1784; that house still stands, the second oldest stone building in Pittsburgh after The Fort Pitt Blockhouse. Large farms were cut out of the wooded hills, attracting more residents and supplying the area with further wealth.
The first track of railroad was built by Mr. B. F. Jones, of the Pittsburgh and Connellsville Railroad and of Jones and Laughlin. Unlike most lines, this railroad was built inland as to respect the residents concern of maintaining the river's aesthetic value; this railroad would separate Hazelwood into two sections, coining the local term'below the tracks'. In 1869 Hazelwood was incorporated into the city, by the following year the railway had spurred iron and steel industries, railroading and the river trade. By the late 19th century Hazelwood was a bustling town. In the 1950s the neighborhood was host to over 200 businesses, it had become home to large Hungarian, Slovak, Carpatho-Rusin and Irish populations. With the construction of the Civic Arena in the Hill District large African-American populations made Hazelwood a home. In the 1980s the steel industry began to decline; as the industry packed up, so did business and many residents. Like many areas in the rust-belt, Hazelwood fell into disrepair.
Hazelwood was home to the city of Pittsburgh's last operating steel mill, the Hazelwood Coke Works, owned by Jones and Laughlin and its parent company, LTV, when it closed in 1998. Hazelwood has been working to improve as a community. Many abandoned buildings have been razed, new ones constructed in their place. In addition, some parks, such as Lewis Playground, in the neighborhood have been updated to provide recreation for the residents. Hazelwood and Glen Hazel are family-oriented neighborhoods, with many community activities focusing on youth programs; the neighborhoods are noted for their numerous churches and the active roles they play in building community spirit and pride in their residents. According to a December 23, 2008, article in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Dimperio's Market, the only full service grocery store in Hazelwood, would close because of shoplifters; the ALMONO Partnership, a non-profit organization led by the Regional Industrial Development Corporation, is planning to re-develop 178 acres of riverfront property on the former Hazelwood Coke Works site, vacant brownfield land.
In May 2013, the City of Pittsburgh Planning Commission approved the re-zoning of the former industrial land into zoning appropriate for ALMONO's planned uses, which include 2 million square feet of office space, 1,300 housing units, a light-industrial technology park, as well as riverfront recreation facilities. ALMONO and RIDC have completed site grading, a major first step in the development. If completed in its entirety, the project is anticipated to cost US$900 million. Playwright August Wilson lived in Hazelwood as a teenager Professional Baseball Player Marguerite Pearson Rapper Wiz Khalifa Rapper Chevy WoodsGeorge Patterson Professional Basketball player NBA Detroit Pistons List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Hazelwood: History "The plume is gone, but we can't forget Hazelwood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map Hazelwood Map Scotch Bottom & Hazelwood History Hazelwood Initiative
Andy Warhol was an American artist and producer, a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture, advertising that flourished by the 1960s, span a variety of media, including painting, photography and sculpture; some of his best known works include the silkscreen paintings Campbell's Soup Cans and Marilyn Diptych, the experimental film Chelsea Girls, the multimedia events known as the Exploding Plastic Inevitable. Born and raised in Pittsburgh, Warhol pursued a successful career as a commercial illustrator. After exhibiting his work in several galleries in the late 1950s, he began to receive recognition as an influential and controversial artist, his New York studio, The Factory, became a well-known gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, wealthy patrons. He promoted a collection of personalities known as Warhol superstars, is credited with coining the used expression "15 minutes of fame."
In the late 1960s, he managed and produced the experimental rock band The Velvet Underground and founded Interview magazine. He authored numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Popism: The Warhol Sixties, he lived as a gay man before the gay liberation movement. After gallbladder surgery, Warhol died of cardiac arrhythmia in February 1987 at the age of 58. Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions and feature and documentary films; the Andy Warhol Museum in his native city of Pittsburgh, which holds an extensive permanent collection of art and archives, is the largest museum in the United States dedicated to a single artist. Many of his creations are collectible and valuable; the highest price paid for a Warhol painting is US$105 million for a 1963 canvas titled Silver Car Crash. A 2009 article in The Economist described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market". Warhol was born on August 1928, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he was the fourth child of Ondrej Warhola and Julia, whose first child was born in their homeland and died before their move to the U.
S. His parents were working-class Lemko emigrants from Austria-Hungary. Warhol's father emigrated to the United States in 1914, his mother joined him in 1921, after the death of Warhol's grandparents. Warhol's father worked in a coal mine; the family lived at 55 Beelen Street and at 3252 Dawson Street in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh. The family was attended St. John Chrysostom Byzantine Catholic Church. Andy Warhol had two older brothers—Pavol, the oldest, was born before the family emigrated. Pavol's son, James Warhola, became a successful children's book illustrator. In third grade, Warhol had Sydenham's chorea, the nervous system disease that causes involuntary movements of the extremities, believed to be a complication of scarlet fever which causes skin pigmentation blotchiness. At times when he was confined to bed, he drew, listened to the radio and collected pictures of movie stars around his bed. Warhol described this period as important in the development of his personality, skill-set and preferences.
When Warhol was 13, his father died in an accident. As a teenager, Warhol graduated from Schenley High School in 1945; as a teen, Warhol won a Scholastic Art and Writing Award. After graduating from high school, his intentions were to study art education at the University of Pittsburgh in the hope of becoming an art teacher, but his plans changed and he enrolled in the Carnegie Institute of Technology, now Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where he studied commercial art. During his time there, Warhol joined the campus Beaux Arts Society, he served as art director of the student art magazine, illustrating a cover in 1948 and a full-page interior illustration in 1949. These are believed to be his first two published artworks. Warhol earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts in pictorial design in 1949; that year, he moved to New York City and began a career in magazine illustration and advertising. Warhol's early career was dedicated to commercial and advertising art, where his first commission had been to draw shoes for Glamour magazine in the late 1940s.
In the 1950s, Warhol worked as a designer for shoe manufacturer Israel Miller. American photographer John Coplans recalled, he somehow gave each shoe a temperament of its own, a sort of sly, Toulouse-Lautrec kind of sophistication, but the shape and the style came through and the buckle was always in the right place. The kids in the apartment noticed that the vamps on Andy's shoe drawings kept getting longer and longer but Miller didn't mind. Miller loved them. Warhol's "whimsical" ink drawings of shoe advertisements figured in some of his earliest showings at the Bodley Gallery in New York. Warhol was an early adopter of the silk screen printmaking process as a technique for making paintings. A young Warhol was taught silk screen printmaking techniques by Max Arthur Cohn at his graphic arts business in Manhattan. While working in the shoe industry, Warhol developed his "blotted line" technique, applying ink to paper and blotting the ink while still wet
Point State Park
Point State Park is a Pennsylvania state park on 36 acres in Downtown Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, forming the Ohio River. Built on land acquired via eminent domain from industrial enterprises in the 1950s, the park opened in August 1974 when construction was completed on its iconic fountain. Pittsburgh settled on the current design after rejecting an alternative plan for a Point Park Civic Center designed by Frank Lloyd Wright; the park includes the outlines and remains of two of the oldest structures in Pittsburgh, Fort Pitt and Fort Duquesne. The Fort Pitt Museum, housed in the Monongahela Bastion of Fort Pitt, commemorates the French and Indian War, in which the area soon to become Pittsburgh was a major battlefield, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960 for its role in the strategic struggles between Native Americans, French colonists, British colonists, for control of the Ohio River watershed.
Today the park provides recreational space for workers and residents in downtown Pittsburgh and acts as the site for major cultural events in the city, including the Venture Outdoors Festival, Three Rivers Arts Festival and Three Rivers Regatta. The park is operated by the Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks.. The location of the fountain at the tip of the Point served as a connector for two old bridges, the Manchester Bridge and Point Bridge. Both were removed in 1970 to make way for the fountain. In April 2009, the fountain was turned off for refurbishment; the fountain serves as the western terminus for the Great Allegheny Passage, a 150-mile hiker-biker trail beginning at the 184.5 milepost of the Cumberland, MD terminus of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park, which begins in the Georgetown area of Washington, DC, thus forming in total a 350-mile recreational trail between DC and Pittsburgh. Michael DeBerardinis, Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, announced a $25 million plan to renovate Point State Park on October 11, 2006.
The plans called for improving the green spaces within the park, expanding recreational opportunities, preserving historical installations, updating outdated amenities and grew to a final figure of $36 million. The project was scheduled to be completed within four years, with the majority of the work to be completed in time for Pittsburgh's 250th anniversary celebration in 2008. Sections of the park have fallen into disuse since it was established in the summer of 1974; the homeless have used the trenches surrounding the foundations of the remains of Fort Pitt as a temporary shelter for years. Graffiti on the structures of the park had become a major problem. Sections of the park were littered with fence posts, cut logs, plastic drums, rolled up snow drift fencing; the walkways were beginning to fall apart. The restoration project aimed to reestablish the park as a recreational destination. Plans for the 2006 improvements to the park included installing new pumps and pipes in the fountain, establishing a seating area around the fountain and a wading area for children, restoring the river walk with steps that lead into the river, building kiosks for information and concessions, renovating the rest rooms, water taxi landings and surrounding docks, installing wireless internet access hubs.
These plans were not put into place without some controversy. On January 25, 2007, 13 members of two local labor unions were arrested for blocking access by contractors to the work sites at the remnants of Fort Pitt; the unions were protesting the use of four nonrepresented workers by the contractor. In addition, advocates for historical preservation disagreed with the decision to bury the remnants of the fort's walls, which could damage the bricks and remove the walls from public access. Point State Park was reopened to the public in the spring of 2008; the renovation process took a half to complete. The confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, creating the Ohio River, has impacted the history of Point State Park; this confluence was referred to as the Forks of the Ohio, which remains the official landmark-designated name for the site. It was once at the center of river travel and wars throughout the pioneer history of Western Pennsylvania. During the mid-18th century, the armies of France and the Great Britain carved paths through the wilderness to control the point area and trade on the rivers.
The French built Fort Duquesne in 1754 on foundations of Fort Prince George, built by the colonial forces of Virginia. The French held Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War, it became one of the focal points for that war because of its strategic riverside location in disputed territory; the French held the fort early in the war, turning back the 1755 expedition led by General Edward Braddock. A smaller attack by James Grant in September 1758 was with heavy losses. Two months on November 25, the Forbes Expedition, under General John Forbes, captured the site after the French destroyed Fort Duquesne the day before; the British named it Fort Pitt. The Forbes Expedition was successful where the Braddock expedition had failed because of the Treaty of Easton, in which local American Indians agreed to abandon their alliance with the French. American Indians Delawares and Shawnee, made this agreement with the understanding that the British military would leave the area after the war; the Indians did not want British a
Troy Hill (Pittsburgh)
Troy Hill is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. It has a zip code of 15212, has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 1. Troy Hill sits on a plateau above the Allegheny River on the North Side of Pittsburgh, it is 3 kilometers long from Vinial Street to the end of Lowrie Street and only 1 kilometer wide from Wicklines Lane to Herr's Island. Troy Hill was part of The Reserve Tract incorporated in 1833. Called the village of New Troy, it was settled by German immigrants who worked in the mills, tanneries and railroads that lined the Allegheny river; the migration up to Troy Hill began when a Catholic church opened a small cemetery in 1842. By 1866 one hundred families were Troy Hill residents. In 1877, Troy Hill became the thirteenth ward of the City of Pennsylvania. Subsequently, when the City of Allegheny was annexed, Troy Hill became a neighborhood of the city of Pittsburgh. Troy Hill is home to six historic landmarks: the Troy Hill Firehouse, Saint Anthony's Chapel, the Rectory of Most Holy Name of Jesus, the Troy Hill Incline Building, the Allegheny Reservoir Wall, the Ober-Guehl house.
In the 1830s, Troy Hill's population escalated resulting in the need of a school. In 1836, a 1-room brick school house was built in "New Troy" and named Mount Troy School #1, because at the time it was located in Reserve Township, it was sold in 1860, replaced by a new, 2 room brick school house. A decade after the civil war, the pupils increased to around 200, so 2 more rooms were added in 1874. Troy Hill was now part of Allegheny's School System, in 1883 the school was demolished and a new one was built in its place; that building was also replaced by the Troy Hill School of 1907, but was shut down in 1960 and demolished. The site of the original school is now a community park. Troy Hill was the home to Commissioner Thomas J. Foerster who served 10 years in the state house and 28 years as the Commissioner of Allegheny County, he served on the first county council established in 2000. Another notable resident was Andrew Fenrich who served 9 terms in the state house, was executive secretary for the mayor of Pittsburgh, served as executive secretary for the Allegheny County Democrats.
Until 1959 the neighbourhood was served by the 4 Troy Hill trolley operated by Pittsburgh Railways. While "Troy Hill" refers to the German neighborhood atop the Troy Hill plateau, the neighborhood's boundaries encompass the narrow and flat river plain that sits between the plateau and the Allegheny River; as of 2011, this river plain is dominated by Pennsylvania Route 28, an expressway which begins at East Ohio Street and follows the river north. But before Route 28 became an expressway, this plain was a Croatian neighborhood, settled by immigrants from Jastrebarsko, who called the neighborhood "Mala Jaska" and founded St. Nicholas Parish. Several Hollywood films have scenes filmed in Troy Hill, including Hoffa, Innocent Blood, Striking Distance, Adventureland. Troy Hill has five borders including the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Spring Garden to the north and northwest, East Allegheny to the west, North Shore to the southwest as well as Reserve Township to the north-northwest and the borough of Millvale to the northeast.
Troy Hill is adjacent to the Strip District across the Allegheny River with a direct link via 31st Street Bridge. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map Troy Hill Citizens, Inc. nextpittsburgh.com - Things to do in Troy Hill
Cultural District, Pittsburgh
The Cultural District is a fourteen-square block area in Downtown Pittsburgh, USA bordered by the Allegheny River on the north, Tenth Street on the east, Stanwix Street on the west, Liberty Avenue on the south. The Cultural District features six theaters offering some 1,500 shows annually, as well as art galleries and retail shops, its landmarks include: Allegheny Riverfront Park, Benedum Center, Byham Theater, Harris Theater, Heinz Hall, O'Reilly Theater, Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, Three Rivers Arts Festival Gallery, Wood Street Galleries, the August Wilson Center for African American Culture. Major arts organizations based here include: Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre, Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera, Pittsburgh Dance Council, Pittsburgh Opera, Pittsburgh Public Theater, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Bricolage Production Company, Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company; the cultural district was the brainchild of H. J. Heinz II, known as Jack Heinz, is managed by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust.
The Pittsburgh Cultural Trust was formed in 1984 to realize Jack's vision of an entire cultural district for blocks of the Penn-Liberty Avenue corridor, a blighted area. Built as the Loew's and United Artists' Penn Theatre, construction of the building was completed in 1927. Motion picture business magnate and pioneer Marcus Loew engaged the architectural firm of Rapp & Rapp to design the movie palace; the Grand Lobby was impressive, with its 50-foot -high vaulted Venetian ceiling, massive ornamental columns, marble staircase and crystal chandeliers and silk drapes. Like many 1920s-era film palaces, Loew's Penn Theatre fell on hard times in the 1960s. Competition from television and suburban theaters along with high maintenance costs put a squeeze on profitability; the theater was scheduled for demolition. Henry J. Heinz II and Charles Denby, President of the Pittsburgh Symphony Society, together with the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Allegheny Conference and the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh, purchased the site and rescued the theater for the purpose of creating a new home for the Pittsburgh Symphony.
Jack Heinz and others, including his son, United States Senator from Pennsylvania John Heinz, William Rea, began the changes that would follow in the district with the purchase and renovation of the former movie palace, Loew's Penn Theater, transformed into the opulent and newly renamed Heinz Hall. This magnificent concert hall reopened after a complete restoration in 1971 as the new home for the Pittsburgh Symphony; the current seating configuration is 2,676. Heinz Hall is operated by the Pittsburgh Symphony Society; the Trust's first major project was the restoration of another visually stunning former movie palace, the Stanley Theater. The Stanley Theater was designed by the renowned theater architectural firm of Hoffman & Henon and opened on February 27, 1928. At the time, it had the distinction of being the largest theater in Western Pennsylvania, was known as "Pittsburgh's Palace of Amusement". After a $43 million restoration returning it to its original splendor, it reopened in 1987 as the newly renamed Benedum Center for the Performing Arts, is able to host about 2,885 people.
The Benedum Center is operated by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. The Byham Theater, a landmark building at 101 Sixth Street in Downtown Pittsburgh, was the second major theater venue restoration project of the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Built in 1903, the called Gayety Theater was a stage and Vaudeville house, it featured stars such as Ethel Barrymore, Gertrude Lawrence, Helen Hayes, it was renamed The Fulton in the 1930s. In 1990, the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust bought the theater and refurbished the Fulton as part of its plan for the Cultural District; the Byham family of Pittsburgh made a major naming gift for a 1995 renovation, it has been the Byham Theater since. The current seating configuration is 1,300; the Byham Center is operated by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Today the 14-square block area continues to transform and flourish from a red-light district with only two cultural facilities—Heinz Hall and the Convention Center—to a dynamic arts and residential neighborhood with more than fourteen arts venues, including the Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, public parks and plazas, new commercial development.
The Pittsburgh Cultural Trust applies a holistic approach and vision to urban redevelopment: streetscaping programs, facade restorations, new cultural facilities, public open spaces and art projects. The Cultural District's transformation is praised and serves as a model for urban redevelopment through the arts. Brendan Lemon of The New York Times wrote, "To describe Pittsburgh's unconventional, un-Disneyfied remodeling of its Cultural District... is to explore how theater can help transform urban identity". The Cultural District is home to the Pittsburgh Film Office, a non-profit organization that markets the greater southwestern Pennsylvania region as a great location for movie and commercial productions. Since its inception in 1990, the PFO has assisted more than 102 feature films and television productions to southwestern Pennsylvania to generate an economic impact of more than $575 million for the region. Benedum Center Byham Theater Harris Theater Heinz Hall O'Reilly Theater The August Wilson Center for African American Culture The Cabaret at Theatre Square Bricolage Production Company Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company