Rawak is a Buddhist stupa located on the southern rim of the Taklamakan Desert in China, along the famous trade route known as the Silk Road in the first millennium Kingdom of Khotan. Around the stupa there are other smaller structures which were decorated with a large number of colossal statues; the courtyard of the temple was surrounded by a wall, which contained terracotta relieves and some wall-paintings. The stupa and other structures form a three-dimensional mandala; the site is now about 40 km north of the modern city of Hotan in Xinjiang Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. 1901: The archaeologist Aurel Stein first visited Rawak during his First Central Asian expedition in April 1901. At the site he found the large stupa which he described as'by far the most imposing structure I had seen among the extant ruins of the Khotan region.' Part of the stupa, all of the rest of the site, was covered by sand dunes, in places rising to about 25 ft. In places where the sand left the walls and structures uncovered, he found fragments of coloured stucco from the statues lying in the sand.
His excavations over the following eight days uncovered 91 large stucco statues of buddhas and bodhisattvas, with smaller ones in between of attendant gods. The sand that filled the ruins played a conserving role, protecting the stuccos from the fierce wind and holding them up where they would have collapsed on their own. Therefore, when Stein left the site, he replaced the sand he had removed, writing,'All that could be done in the case of these large sculptures was to bury them again safely in the sand after they had been photographed and described, to trust that they would remain undisturbed under their protecting cover — until that time, still distant it seems, when Khotan shall have its own local museum.' 1906: Stein revisited on his second expedition in September 1906. As a result of the activities of treasure seekers most of the colossal statues had disappeared by Stein's second visit in 1906:'the wall, which I had found lined with a continuous row of stucco relievo figures colossal, now displayed bare brickwork.
My care in burying these under sand, just as I had found them, proved in vain, of the interesting specimens of Khotan sculptural art unearthed, all that survives now, I fear, are my photographs.'On this visit Stein excavated the ruins that lay between the great stupa and a nearby site complex known as Tati of Hanguya. Here he found many small terracotta reliefs dating, he thought, to the 5-6th centuries. 1928: The German-Swiss expedition under the leadership of Dr. Emil Trinkler visited Rawak in 1928; the expedition gathered a significant amount of scientific material. Beside this, they collected six cases of archaeological material which were first seized by the local government but allowed to be taken to Germany. In 1930, the Metropolitan Museum of Art acquired part of the Central Asian collection brought back by Trinkler, including some items from Rawak. 1929: The Chinese archaeologist Huang Wenbi, part of the Sino-Swedish expedition under the leadership of Sven Hedin, made a short visit to Rawak.
The Rawak Stupa exemplifies a development from the stupa on a square base that emerges in and is seen elsewhere in the region, such as at Niya, to one on a cruciform-shaped base owing to the addition of staircases protruding out from the base on each side. This is seen in the Kanishka stupa dating to Top-i-Rustam in Balkh; the form follows a scriptural description found in the Divyavadana, that describes a stupa as having four staircases, three platforms and an egg-like dome, as well as the other usual elements. Rawak is dated by several scholars to the fourth to fifth centuries, supported by finds, including coins, stylistic considerations of the statues in the rectangular ambulatory, but suggested by features such as the relic chamber placed high in the dome; this feature is common from the fourth and fifth centuries in stupas at Taxila and seen in the Maura-Tim stupa at Kashgar. Stein suggested a possible late third to early fourth century date, based on the style of the stupa itself and the sculptures and paintings
Gil "Gili" Vermouth is an Israeli professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder or winger for Hapoel Haifa. Vermouth is Jewish, was born in Kiryat Yam, Israel. Vermouth started his football career in Haifa and played until the age of 20 with the local Hapoel side. In a 2011 statistics about the highest proportion of dribbles completed per 90 minutes, in the 2010–11 UEFA Champions League season, Vermouth was ranked first with 75% from an average of 24 dribble attempts. On 28 May 2011, he signed a four-year contract with the German club 1. FC Kaiserslautern who paid a transfer fee of €750,000 to Hapoel, he was joined by his Hapoel teammate Itay Shechter who signed with the club. Scores and results list Israel's goal tally first. Hapoel Tel Aviv Israel State Cup: Winner: 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011 Israeli Premier League: Winner: 2009–10Gent Belgian Cup: Runner-up: 2008Maccabi Tel Aviv Israeli Premier League: Winner: 2014–15 Israel State Cup: Winner: 2014–2015Maccabi Haifa Israel State Cup: 2015–16Hapoel Haifa Israel State Cup: 2017–18 Israel Super Cup: 2018 Footballer of the Year in Israel: 2010 UEFA.com profile Gil Vermouth at National-Football-Teams.com
"Home Tonight" is a power ballad by American hard rock band Aerosmith. Written by lead singer Steven Tyler, the song is the closing track on Aerosmith's 1976 album Rocks, it was released as the second single from Rocks and reached number 71 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Home Tonight" is one of the two theme songs performed by Aerosmith used in the video game Dead or Alive 3 for the Xbox created by Team Ninja. It is played during the extended/full ending credits. On VH1's That Metal Show with Eddie Trunk, the panel declared it number one on their Top 5 Greatest Power Ballads of all Time
Instruktsiya po vyzhivaniyu is the 17th album by the Russian punk band Grazhdanskaya Oborona, released in 1990. It was their final album before their break up a week but they reformed in 1993; the album's songs are covers of songs by the band Instruktsiya po Vyzhivaniyu. The songs were written between 1986 and 1989. After IPV's lead singer Roman Neumoev converted to Christianity, he gave the songs to Letov, telling him he could use them in whatever way he wanted. Letov decided to record a tribute to IPV using these songs; the LP issue in 2013 has 5 bonus tracks taken from these sessions and the sessions for the Egor i Opizdenevshie album Pryg-skok. In 2016, it was released on CD including two extra bonus tracks; the album has two different renditions of "Posvyashchenie A. Kruchonkyh" and "Nepreryvny suicid". Track 2 was sung by Igor Zhevtun; the two versions of the song differ in the first line of the final verse - the word "menty" in the line "Я подамся в менты, в педерасты, в поэты, в монахи" on track 2 was changed to "zhidy" on track 12.
Igor "Jeff" Zhevtun - guitar, backing vocals Yegor Letov – vocals, bass guitar, production Konstantin "Kuzya UO" Ryabinov - keyboards, backing vocals In 2008, shortly before his death, Letov answered a fan's question on the GrOb website, saying the album would never be reissued, stating "there is no such album". However, his widow Natalia Chumakova remastered the album in late 2011; the remaster was reissued on double vinyl in 2013 by Neuro Empire. The remaster was remixed: changes include a missing stick hit from the beginning of "Nepreryvnyy suitsid" being restored, the fade out of the final chord in "Moya severnaya strana" having some laughter from Letov added, the feedback in the beginning of "Rodina-Smert'" starting up straight away instead of fading in and "Khuy" being slower and ending differently. 5 bonus tracks were included, among them being the original Egor i Opizdenevshie version of "Krasny smekh", recorded in 1990 and released on vinyl and CD on BSA, but being left off the 2006 CD reissue of Pryg-skok for the same copyright reasons precluding this album's reissue.
The original version on the album was faded out, however this version had the natural ending of the song. The version of "Nepreryvnyy suitsid" recorded for Pryg-skok under the title "Pro malinovuyu devochku" was not included, however it would be on the CD release of the remaster three years later. Zhevtun, who substituted for Letov on two tracks due to the similarity between their voices, participated in GrOb's 35th anniversary reunion tour in 2019 as lead vocalist and guitarist. Instruktsiya po vyzhivaniyu at Discogs Instruktsiya po vyzhivaniyu on GrOb's official website
Richard Dennis Ralston is an American former professional tennis player whose active career spanned the 1960s and 1970s.. As a young player he was coached by tennis pro Pancho Gonzales, he attended the University of Southern California and won NCAA championships under their coach George Toley. He and partner Bill Bond captured the NCAA doubles title in 1964, he was the highest-ranked American player at the end of three consecutive years in the 1960s. His best result at a Grand Slam singles event came in 1966 when he was seeded sixth and reached the final of the Wimbledon Championships which he lost to fourth-seeded Manuel Santana in straight sets. At the end of that year he turned professional. Ralston was a member of the Handsome Eight, the initial group of players signed to the professional World Championship Tennis tour, he won 27 national singles titles, including five grand-slam doubles crowns. Ralston, Davis Cup winner with the US Davis Cup team in 1963, continued to serve in the team as a coach from 1968 to 1971 and as a captain from 1972 to 1975, winning with it the trophy in 1972 over Romania.
Ralston was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1987. Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December. Dennis Ralston at the International Tennis Hall of Fame Dennis Ralston at the Association of Tennis Professionals Dennis Ralston at the International Tennis Federation Dennis Ralston at the Davis Cup