Francavilla Fontana

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Francavilla Fontana
Comune
Comune di Francavilla Fontana
View of a road in the old town
View of a road in the old town
Francavilla within the Province of Brindisi
Francavilla within the Province of Brindisi
Francavilla Fontana is located in Italy
Francavilla Fontana
Francavilla Fontana
Location of Francavilla Fontana in Italy
Coordinates: 40°32′N 17°35′E / 40.533°N 17.583°E / 40.533; 17.583Coordinates: 40°32′N 17°35′E / 40.533°N 17.583°E / 40.533; 17.583
Country Italy
Region  Apulia
Province / Metropolitan city Brindisi (BR)
Frazioni Bax Capece
Government
 • Mayor Vincenzo Della Corte
Area
 • Total 175 km2 (68 sq mi)
Elevation 142 m (466 ft)
Population (2016)[1][2]
 • Total 36,641
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Francavillesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 72021
Dialing code 0831
Patron saint Madonna della Fontana
Saint day September 14
Website Official website
Francavilla Cathedral

Francavilla Fontana is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Brindisi and region of Apulia, in southern Italy. It is also called the town of the "Imperiali", after the Imperiali, a family of feudal lords who ruled the town from the end of 16th century until the 18th century, with a population of 36,641, in 2016,[1][2] it is the 3rd municipality of its province after Brindisi and Fasano.

History[edit]

The name Francavilla has French-Norman origins: "Franca" (tax-free) and "villa" (town), the specification Fontana ("fountain") alludes to a vision of the Virgin Mary witnessed by Prince Filippo d'Angiò, who hence declaring the town a tax-free haven, according to the local legend.

Geography[edit]

Francavilla is located in the Altosalento, on the last Murge's hills, and it is equidistant, about 35 kilometres (22 mi), from Taranto and Brindisi. The municipality borders with Ceglie Messapica, Grottaglie (TA), Latiano, Manduria (TA), Oria, San Marzano di San Giuseppe (TA), San Michele Salentino, San Vito dei Normanni, Sava (TA) and Villa Castelli.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Main sights[edit]

  • The massive square Castle (Palazzo Imperiali) of the Imperiali family, to whom, with Oria, it was sold by St. Charles Borromeo in the 16th century for 40,000 ounces of gold, which he distributed in one day to poor and infected with the plague people in Milan.
  • Mother Church, built from 1743 over a former Angevine construction.
  • Torre dell'Orologio (watchtower), built in 1750.

Transport[edit]

The town, 18 km east of Taranto-Grottaglie Airport, is served by the SS7 "Appia" highway. The local railway station is a junction point between the lines Taranto–Brindisi, owned by the national company FS, and Martina–Lecce, owned by FSE. It is served by regional and, on the Taranto-Brindisi line, by long-distance trains also.

Sport[edit]

The local football club is the Virtus Francavilla, that has its home ground in John Paul II Stadium.

Personalities[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (in Italian) Source: ISTAT 2016
  2. ^ a b (in Italian) Population statistics of Francavilla Fontana (tuttaitalia.it). Data from ISTAT
  3. ^ 40522 (x a j h) Francavilla Fontana on OpenStreetMap

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Francavilla Fontana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 775. 

External links[edit]