France 2 is a French public national television channel. It is part of the state-owned France Télévisions group, along with France 3, France 4, France 5 and France Ô. France Télévisions participates in ARTE and EuroNews. Since 3:20 CET on 7 April 2008, all France 2 programming has been broadcast in 16:9 widescreen format over the French analogue and digital terrestrial television. An HD simulcast feed of France 2 has been broadcasting on satellite provider CanalSat since 1 July 2008 and on digital terrestrial television since 30 October 2008. Under the ownership of the RTF, the channel went on the air for the first time on 18 April 1964 as RTF Télévision 2. Within a year, ORTF was rebranded as La deuxième chaîne; the network was broadcast on 625-line transmitters only in preparation for the discontinuation of 819-line black & white transmissions and the introduction of colour. The switch to colour occurred at 14:15 CET on 1 October 1967. La deuxième chaîne became the first colour television channel in France although TF1 would not commence colour broadcasting on 625-lines until 20 December 1975.
Such technology allowed the network to air programming in NICAM stereo. The present channel is the direct successor of Antenne 2, established under a 1974 law that mandated the breakup of ORTF into seven distinct organisations. Three television "programme corporations" were established on 6 January 1975 – TF1, Antenne 2 and FR3, now France 3 – alongside Radio France, the French Production Company, the public broadcasting agency TéléDiffusion de France and the Audiovisual National Institute. Antenne 2 and the other corporations were constituted as limited companies with the state controlling 100% of their capital. Although the three channels were set up as competitors vying for advertisers, they retained a collective monopoly over television broadcasting in France, not repealed until 1981. Owned channels such as Canal+ and La Cinq soon became major competitors to the state-owned channels after the state monopoly was lifted; the breakup of ORTF had been intended to stimulate competition between the public channels but failed in this aim.
TF1 was privatised in 1987. The remaining state-owned channels came under severe pressure from their private competitors and lost 30% of their market share between 1987 and 1989. In an effort to save them, a single director-general was appointed to manage both Antenne 2 and FR3 and the two channels merged to form the France Télévisions group, they were renamed on 7 September 1992 as France 3 respectively. By 1995, the combined audience share of the two state-owned channels was 41%, with France 2 in particular being dependent on advertising and sponsorship revenues, which comprised 43.8% of its budget by 1996. The focus on ratings led to strong rivalry with TF1, for instance prompting the two channels to broadcast popular shows and news programmes in the same timeslots. TF1 and France 2 compete for the same demographics. General President-DirectorSince 7 September 1992, the position of general President-Director of France 2 has governed over both France 2 and France Télévision. General DirectorsGeorges Vanderchmitt Raphaël Hadas-Lebel Michel Pappalardo Michèle Cotta Christopher Baldelli Philippe Baudillon François Guilbeau Claude-Yves Robin Bertrand Mosca Jean Réveillon Program DirectorsJean-Pierre Cottet Patrice Duhamel François Tron Yves Bigot Jean-Baptiste Jouy Éric Stemmelen Alain Vautier Perrine Fontaine Philippe Vilamitjana Thierry Thuillier Information DirectorsJean-Luc Mano Pierre-Henri Arnstam Gérard Leclerc Olivier Mazerolle Arlette Chabot Thierry Thuillier Yannick Letranchant Writing DirectorsÉric Monier Sports DirectorsJean Réveillon Patrick Chêne Charles Biétry Frédéric Chevit Daniel Bilalian From 1975, Antenne 2 was available in Italy using SECAM and since 1983 using PAL until 2003 when the frequencies were sold to various television networks like such as Canale Italia and Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso.
Since 11 December 2006, France 2 was again made available across Italy on Digital terrestrial television until 7 June 2007, when it was replaced by all-news French TV network France 24. France 2 is now only available in Aosta Valley due to Italian self-government laws, in the border zones because of natural spillover. In March 1986, an Antenne 2 news team was kidnapped in Beirut while reporting on the Lebanese Civil War. Philippe Rochot, Georges Hansen, Aurel Cornéa and Jean-Louis Normandin were four o
Hell Freezes Over is the second live album by the Eagles, released in 1994. The album is the first to be released after the Eagles had reformed following a fourteen-year-long break up; the band's lineup was that of the Long Run era: Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Don Felder, Joe Walsh, Timothy B. Schmit, it contains four new studio eleven tracks recorded live in April 1994 for an MTV special. Two Top 40 Mainstream singles, "Get Over It" and "Love Will Keep Us Alive", were released from the album, it features an acoustic version of "Hotel California". The four new studio recordings are the last to feature Don Felder, fired from the band in 2001; the album went to No. 1 on the Billboard album chart upon its release. The album has sold over 9 million copies in the United States. Hell Freezes Over was released in video form on VHS, LaserDisc and DVD. Before the album was released, the Eagles started a tour, which would last from 1994 to 1996 and became one of the most successful tours in music history; the album name is in reference to a quote by Don Henley after the band's breakup in 1980.
Henley was asked in an interview about when the band would play together again, to which he responded "when Hell freezes over". Henley said in 1982 on the break-up: "I just rule out the possibility of putting the Eagles back together for a Lost Youth and Greed tour". In 1993, an Eagles tribute album, Common Thread: The Songs of the Eagles, was recorded by several country artists. Travis Tritt, who covered "Take It Easy" in the album, asked the band to appear in his video for the song; the former Eagles band members agreed, it would be the first time the group had appeared together in 13 years. Two months Glenn Frey and Henley had lunch with their management and decided to reunite; the band members performed live for the first time in April 1994 at Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California for an MTV special; the recording sessions produced 11 tracks for the Hell Freezes Over album, including a new arrangement of "Hotel California" that features an extended acoustic guitar and percussion opening.
At the beginning of the concert, Frey joked to the audience: "For the record, we never broke up. The tour began on May 27, the Hell Freezes Over album was released on November 8, 1994; the album is the band's second live album, after their live album in 1980. The new song "Get Over It" became a modest hit, another new song, "Love Will Keep Us Alive", reached No. 1 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart. The DVD is one of the first music releases to feature a DTS format soundtrack in addition to a PCM stereo soundtrack; the DVD featured the song "Seven Bridges Road" in DTS audio only. The DVD has since been re-released with an additional Dolby Digital soundtrack; the album was released as a DTS CD in 1997. All new songs, which were released as studio recordings on the album, but can be seen live on the VHS and DVD versions. "Seven Bridges Road" – DTS – A remastered version of the recording featured on Eagles Live, with a clearer separation of the five vocal parts to exploit the full potential of a 5.1 speaker set-up: Timothy B.
Schmit is on the rear-right, Glenn Frey as the singer of the song's main melody on the front-right, Don Henley on the front-left and Joe Walsh on the rear-left. Don Felder is on the front-center channel. Compiled from Hell Freezes Over liner notes. Eagles Don Felder – electric guitar, acoustic guitar, pedal steel guitar, vocals Glenn Frey – electric and acoustic guitar, keyboards, vocals Don Henley – drums, acoustic guitar, vocals Timothy B. Schmit – bass guitar, vocals Joe Walsh – electric and slide guitar, vocalsAdditional personnel John Corey – piano Scott Crago – percussion, drums Timothy Drury – keyboards, vocals Stan Lynch – percussion Jay Oliver – organ, piano Paulinho Da Costa – percussion Gary Grimm – percussion Brian Matthews – Electro-Theremin Al Garth – trumpet on "New York Minute" Burbank Philharmonic Orchestra – backup on "New York Minute"Production Eagles – production Elliot Scheiner – production Rob Jacobs – production Stan Lynch – production Joel Stillerman – executive producer Carol Donovan – program producer Beth McCarthy – program director Audrey Johns – program line producer Rob Jacobs, Elliot Scheiner – engineers Charlie Bouis, Carl Glanville, Barry Goldberg, Andy Grassi, Tom Trafalski, Tom Winslow – second engineers Todd Bowie and Chris Buttleman – guitar technician Ted Jensen – mastering Rob Jacobs, Dave Kob, Dave Reynolds, Elliot Scheiner – mixing Adam Armstrong – vocal technician Ted Jensen – editing Don Davis, The Eagles, Jay Oliver – horn and string arrangements David Hewitt – live recording coordinator John Halpern, David Skernick – photography Keith Raywood – production design Robin Sloane, Janet Wolsborn – art direction Dwaine "The Peachin' Trucker" Wise – road manager Andrew Lopez – head driver
Grace Eniola Soyinka was a Nigerian shopkeeper and member of the aristocratic Ransome-Kuti family. She co-founded the Abeokuta Women's Union with her sister-in-law, they protested against taxes introduced by the Alake of Abeokuta, the ruler backed by the colonial authorities. They withheld the taxes, the Alake abdicated; the union, which had a membership of 20,000 women evolved into the national organisation the Nigerian Women's Union. She grew up in the household of the clergyman and composer Josiah Ransome-Kuti, she married an Anglican minister. The second of their seven children was Wole Soyinka, writer and 1986 winner of the Nobel Prize in literature. Wole Soyinka gives an account of his parents' home life and his mother’s activism in his 1981 memoir Ake: the years of childhood, he called Grace "Wild Christian" in reference to her devout Anglicanism. She died in 1983, at the age of 75, but was described as energetic into her seventies, entertaining her relatives with singing and dancing. Johnson-Odim, Cheryl.
"'For their freedoms': The anti-imperialist and international feminist activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria". Women's Studies International Forum. 32: 51–59. Doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2009.01.004. ISSN 0277-5395
Puritanism, begun in England in the 17th century, it was a radical Protestant movement to reform the Church of England. The idea of a Puritan poet may seem a bit of a contradiction as Puritans disagreed with the practice of using metaphor and verbal flourishes in speech and writing, with their beliefs in God; the Puritan movement was one for ugly literal expression and teaching. But, over time, some room for creative expression arose and Puritan poets such as John Milton, Anne Bradstreet, Edward Taylor and John Dryden produced some of the greatest verse of their old age; the poet in puritan age:- John Milton, most famous for his epic poem La grande"Paradise Lost" in 1667, was an English poet with religious beliefs emphasizing central Puritanical views. While the work acted as an expression of his despair over the failure of the Puritan Revolution against the English Catholic Church, it indicated his optimism in human potential. A sequel entitled "Paradise Regained" was published in 1671. Other notable published works by Milton include, "On Shakespeare", "Comus", "Lycidas", "Ol' Mc Donald" and the tragedy, "shall we dance,Samson Agonistes".
Anne Bradstreet, considered by many scholars to be the first American poet, emigrated to Salem, Massachusetts in 1630. She had constant tutoring provided by her abusive father, her book of collected poems, "The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up In America", was the first published work by a woman in America and England. Edward Taylor beautifully emigrated to America in 1662 in defiance of the restoration of the English Monarchy. A Harvard-educated minister, Taylor did not write his poems for publication but as a private act to prepare for each holy communion, his poems were not discovered until the early 20th century. His most famous work, "Preparatory Meditations Before My Approach to the Lord's Supper," was a collection of personal thoughts and insights he gained while writing sermons, he is considered by many to be the worst of the Puritan poets. John Dryden was a influential English poet during the Restoration period in England, his first published poem, "Heroique Stanzas", was the eulogy for the Lord Protector of England, Oliver Cromwell.
His poems contained factual information and sought to express his thoughts in a precise way. His other published poems include: "Hidden Flame," "Mac Flecknoe," "One Happy Moment," "A Song for St. Cecelia's Day," "Song for Amphitryon," "Song to a Fair Young Lady, Going Out of the Town in the Spring" and "To the Memory of Mr. Oldham." Richard Baxter Anne Bradstreet Samuel Danforth Morgan Llwyd Andrew Marvell John Milton John Bunyan Robert Overton Richard Crashaw Edward Taylor Michael Wigglesworth Desmond Nash Martina Mcbride
Clyde was a railway station on the South Gippsland line in South Gippsland, Australia, the station operated until the closure of the line between Cranbourne Station and Leongatha Station in 1993. All that remains of this station now is the platform mound, however the track is still in reasonable condition. Between 1999 and 2008 there was constant speculation that the railway line beyond Cranbourne to Leongatha could re-open as promised by the Victorian State Government, under a project named'Bringing Trains Back to Victorians'. However, in May 2008, a scoping study carried out on behalf of the State Government found the costs of returning services were high, at $72 million. Therefore, plans to reopen the line were halted, the Government will spend $14.2 million on improved V/Line coach services instead. Further, there are plans in motion to turn the railway reservation into a Rail Trail between Cranbourne East and Nyora In 2013, as part of Public Transport Victoria's Network Development Plan for Metropolitan Rail, an extension of the Cranbourne line to Clyde was earmarked to begin in the "long-term", which would equate to at least over 20 years into the future.
PTV claimed that a Clyde extension could allow for a future extension to Tooradin, where there are proposals for a new airport. Reopening the South Gippsland railway line as far as Leongatha is continuing to feature as a prominent issue for the region. A South Gippsland Shire Council Priority Projects documents released in June 2013 acknowledged that the return of rail as a major community priority where funding and support are sought from all forms of level government. In early 2014, a report into the extensions of the Melbourne metropolitan rail system identified the population growth corridor from Cranbourne to Koo-Wee-Rup along the disused Leongatha line as a key planning priority; the South and West Gippsland Transport Group, a public transportation and rail lobby group established in April 2011, associated with the South Gippsland Shire Council and local forms of government has continued to campaign for an integrated transport plan in the region, which includes rail at the forefront of the proposal.
The group was classified as the South Gippsland Transport Users Group and had amalgamated with numerous rail lobby groups in 1994 shortly after the rail passenger service to Leongatha was withdrawn in July 1993 and the line to Barry Beach and Yarram was formally closed in June 1992 and dismantled by December 1994. One notable milestone that this group achieved in the past was running a successful campaign that saw passenger rail services reinstated to Leongatha on 9 December 1984. Despite the political promise to revive the railway line for freight and passenger services by the Steve Bracks led Victorian state Labor government in 1999 being abandoned in 2008 by his successor John Brumby, a public community campaign involving the South and West Gippsland Transport Group is continuing to lobby and work collaboratively with key stakeholders and governments to reinstate rail services that focuses on improving transport accessibility in the region. In January 2018, City of Casey advises it needs $3 Billion worth of rail and road infrastructure to bring its transport services by extending the metropolitan train between Cranbourne Station and Clyde Station with duplicated railway tracks between Dandenong and Cranbourne Station
Vincent Redetzki is a German actor. Redetzki was born in Charlottenburg, Germany. At the age of nine, he played his first small role in a play at the Theater am Kurfürstendamm. Two years in 2003, he played his first leading role in the play Unter Eis by Falk Richter at the Schaubühne in Berlin. Since he has played in a few plays of Richter: In 2003 he played the child leading role in Andreas Dresen's Movie Summer in Berlin and continued his work in playing the character Willi in the German teen movie Wild Chicks, Wild Chicks in Love and Wild Chicks and Life; the TV-Mini-Series Die Wölfe, with Redetzki in one of the leading roles, won the Emmy Award in 2009 as best TV Movie/Mini-Series, the kids ensemble received the German Television Promotional Award. 2014: Jack 2010: The Coming Days as Phillip 2009: For Miriam as Lukas Fleißer 2009: Wild Chicks and Life as Willi 2007: Wild Chicks in Love as Willi 2006: Wild Chicks as Willi 2005: Summer in Berlin as Max 2004: Stauffenberg as Berthold Junior Stauffenberg 2015: Buddha's Little Finger 2012: Tatort: Im Namen des Vaters 2011: Der Doc und die Hexe 2011: Mittlere Reife 2011: Tatort: Tod einer Lehrerin 2010: Der Doc und die Hexe 2010: Leipzig Homicide 2009: Tatort: Mit ruhiger Hand 2009: Die Wölfe 2005: Die Luftbrücke – Nur der Himmel war frei 2004: Was heißt hier Oma 2003: Für alle Fälle Stefanie 1998: Gute Zeiten, schlechte Zeiten 2009: TRUST of Falk Richter, Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz, Berlin 2009: Endstation Sehnsucht 2007: Im Ausnahmezustand of Falk Richter, Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz, Berlin 2005: Die Verstörung of Falk Richter, Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz, Berlin 2005: Stoning Mary, Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz 2004: Phaidras Liebe, Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz 2004: Unter Eis of Falk Richter, Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz, Berlin 2001: Macbeth 2001: Fenster zum Flur, Theater am Kurfürstendamm 2009: German Television Promotional Award for Die Wölfe 2006: Undine Award as Best Filmdebut in Summer in Berlin Vincent Redetzki on IMDb Redetzki's Agency Redetzki at the Schaubühne Berlin Werke von und über Vincent Redetzki in the German National Library catalogue Morgens Schulbank, abends Bühne von Karsten Kammholz, Welt Online, 18.
März 2006 Vincent Redetzki, Theater-Jungstar und Zehntklässler von Tobias Becker, Spiegel Online vom 20. Dezember 2007