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Happiness (Arashi song)

"Happiness" is the twentieth single by Japanese boy band, Arashi, as well as its title song's name. The single was released on September 5, 2007, in two editions: a regular edition containing the karaoke versions of the songs released in the single, a limited edition containing a bonus track; the single is the group's ninth consecutive and seventeenth overall number one release, as well as their third consecutive English-titled release. "Happiness" was used as the theme song for the drama Yamada Tarō Monogatari starring Arashi members Kazunari Ninomiya and Sho Sakurai. The song's music video was included in their official YouTube channel, when it opened in 2019, on a live version; the song was included in their official pages of streaming sites Apple Music and the such. Happiness product information Happiness Oricon profile

MacGregor's bowerbird

The MacGregor's bowerbird is a medium-sized, up to 26 cm long, olive brown bowerbird of New Guinea's mountain forests the size and shape of an American Robin or a Eurasian Blackbird. The male is adorned with an erectile orange yellow crest, hidden until shown in courtship display; the unadorned female is similar without the crest. Superb mimics, they are known for imitating other birds, rushing water, human speech; the polygamous male builds a tower-like "maypole-type" bower, an elaborate courtship structure, with a central pole of twigs surrounded by a dish of moss with raised walls 1 meter in diameter. He decorates the twigs of the maypole with flowers, fruits and other objects; the diet consists of fruits and insects. When a female comes in proximity to the bower, the male struts and calls, opens his crest to display its full color. Hiding the crest except during sexual display is thought to minimize his vulnerability to predators. Widespread and common throughout its range, the MacGregor's bowerbird is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

BirdLife Species Factsheet

Blanka Vlašić

Blanka Vlašić is a Croatian track and field athlete who specialises in the high jump. She is a two-time world champion and double Olympic medallist who ranks as the joint second highest female jumper of all time with her personal best of 2.08 m. She is the Croatian record holder in the event, the former indoor world champion; the daughter of Croatian decathlon record holder Joško Vlašić, she was a talented junior athlete and attended her first Olympic Games in 2000 Sydney at the age of sixteen. She won the World Junior Championships in Athletics in both 2000 and 2002. Vlašić broke the Croatia national record in 2004 and won her first world senior medal at the World Indoor Championships that year. A hyperthyroid condition hindered her second Olympic appearance in Athens and she spent the 2005 season recuperating from surgery, she returned in 2006. The 2007 season signalled a strong run of form: she won at the 2007 World Championships, became the indoor world champion in 2008 and her winning streak came to an end with a narrow loss at the Beijing Olympics, where she took silver.

She became World Champion for a second time in 2009. Her awards including the IAAF World Athlete of the Year 2010 and the European Athlete of the Year Trophy. Blanka Vlašić was born on 8 November 1983 in Croatia. From a young age, she was involved in sports: her mother Venera was a seasoned amateur in basketball and cross country skiing while her father, Joško Vlašić, was an international athlete who broke the Croatian record in the decathlon, her father brought her to the track while he practised and she dreamed of becoming a professional sprinter. As she grew up she tried a number of sports but found that the high jump was well-suited to her tall and slender frame. Vlašić shunned the idea of competing in more profitable sports, such as basketball, saying that she preferred the thrill of individual sports, she reached the international standard for a high jumper at an early age, setting a personal best of 1.80 metres at fifteen years of age and improving to 1.93 m at sixteen. Vlašić had an early start in international competition: she competed at the inaugural World Youth Championships, finishing eighth, represented her country for the first time at the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

Although the Olympics showed that she was not ready to compete at the senior level, she proved herself to be more than proficient at the junior level by winning the 2000 World Junior Championships with a jump of 1.91 m. She was a regular competitor at senior athletics meetings and was improving, qualifying for further top-level senior events. Vlašić finished sixth at the 2001 World Championships in Edmonton with a mark of 1.94 m, a result which led the IAAF's Ed Gordon to mark her out as a future star in the event. She rounded off the year by winning her first senior gold medal at an international tournament, taking first place at the 2001 Mediterranean Games; the results of Vlašić's final year as a junior showed further development as a high jumper. She set a new indoor best of 1.92 m at the 2002 European Indoor Championships and was the favourite to win the 2002 World Juniors. She won the competition by a margin of nine centimetres, setting a new personal best of 1.96 m and attempting the symbolic two metres height.

She failed to pass the bar but remained pleased with her achievements: "This was the first time I tried the 2-metre mark. That would have been a bonus. Today what matters is the gold. I am happy I retained my world junior title". At the final major event of the season, the European Championships, she could not repeat her previous form and finished in fifth place. At the end of the year she was ranked in the top ten high jumpers in the world for the season; the start to the 2003 athletics season was promising – Vlašić set a new personal best in Linz with a jump of 1.98 m and finished fourth at the World Indoor Championships ten days her highest finish in a major world tournament. June and July yielded further progress, jumping 1.98 m again and improving to 1.99 m to win her first IAAF Golden League event at the Gaz de France. Days she jumped the two metres height for the first time on home soil at the IAAF Grand Prix Zagreb. Although Hestrie Cloete won the competition overall, Vlašić's defeat of the psychological barrier and improved personal best was the highlight of the meeting and Cloete praised the young athlete's performance.

Vlašić took gold at the 2003 European Athletics Under-23 Championships, she improved her best by another centimetre at the Zürich Grand Prix which qualified her for the World Championships and the first IAAF World Athletics Final. Despite such previous highs, her season ended on a low note as she failed to win a medal at either the World Championships or the Athletics Final in Paris. Although she had failed to reach the podium at the major championships, only three athletes managed to jump higher than her personal and season's best of 2.01 m in 2003. Vlasic started the season well with a bronze medal performance at the 2004 IAAF World Indoor Championships in March, she reached the podium at meetings in the outdoor season and won the 2004 national championships. A Croatian record breaking jump of 2.03 m in Ljubljana put her in good stead for the 2004 Athens Olympics. However, when she competed at the Olympic high jump final she only managed eleventh place with a jump of 1.89 m. Following this, Vlašić did not compete for a year: she admitted that she was feeling lethargic and shortly afterwards she was diagnosed with a hyperthyroid condition.

Surgery

Anthony Murray (New Zealand rugby league)

Anthony Murray was a New Zealand rugby league footballer and coach who played professionally for Wigan. Murray played for the Takahiwai Warriors alongside Thomas. During the 1980–81 Rugby Football League season, Murray played for the Wigan club and made two appearances off the bench. Murray was a Northland and Northern Districts representative and played for the New Zealand Māori, touring Britain in 1983 and competing in the 1986 Pacific Cup. Murray coached Northland in 1991 and 1992. Murray was influential, along with Harry Clyde, in getting the Northern Storm accepted into the 2006 Bartercard Cup. Murray collapsed and died on 16 May 2006 aged 47; the Northern Storm's first win, 40-22 against Wellington on the following weekend, was dedicated to Murray

Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques

The Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques is a French learned society. It is one of the five academies of the Institut de France; the académie was founded in 1795, suppressed in 1803, reestablished in 1832 through the appeal of Guizot to King Louis Philippe. It is divided into five sections and has for its chief purpose the discussion of mental philosophy and jurisprudence, political economy and statistics and philosophical history, politics and finance, it distributes the Baujour, Halphen and other prizes, publishes Mémoires, holds its annual meeting each December. Charles, Prince of Wales Mario Monti Juan Carlos I of Spain Ismail Kadare Roland Mortier Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Pope Benedict XVI Jean Starobinski Stephen Breyer Prince Hassan of Jordan Dora Bakoyannis Jean-Claude Juncker Official site