Associazione Calcio Milan referred to as A. C. Milan or Milan, is a professional football club in Milan, founded in 1899; the club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30. A. C. Milan's 18 FIFA and UEFA trophies is the fourth highest out of any club, the most out of any Italian club. Milan has won a joint record three Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup, seven European Cup/Champions League titles, the UEFA Super Cup a joint record five times and the Cup Winners' Cup twice. With 18 league titles, Milan is the joint-second most successful club in Serie A, along with local rivals Internazionale and behind Juventus, they have won the Coppa Italia five times, the Supercoppa Italiana seven. Milan's home games are played at San Siro known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza; the stadium, shared with city rivals Internazionale, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 80,018.
Inter are considered their biggest rivals, matches between the two teams are called Derby della Madonnina, one of the most followed derbies in football. The club is one of the wealthiest in Italian and world football, it was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe's leading football clubs as well as its replacement, the European Club Association. A. C. Milan was founded as Milan Foot-Ball and Cricket Club in 1899 by English expatriates Alfred Edwards and Herbert Kilpin. Although the club itself claims 16 December of that year as its foundation date, historical evidence show that the club was founded on 13 December. In honour of its English origins, the club has retained the English spelling of the city's name, as opposed to the Italian spelling Milano, which it was forced to bear under the fascist regime. Milan won its first Italian championship in 1901 and a further two in succession in 1906 and 1907. In 1908, Milan experienced a split caused by internal disagreements over the signing of foreign players, which led to the forming of another Milan-based team, F.
C. Internazionale Milano. Following these events, Milan did not manage to win a single domestic title until 1950–51; the 1950s saw the club return to the top of Italian football, headed by the famous Gre-No-Li Swedish trio Gunnar Gren, Gunnar Nordahl and Nils Liedholm. This was one of the club's most successful periods domestically, with the Scudetto going to Milan in 1951, 1955, 1957, 1959 and 1962. In 1963, Milan won its first continental title by beating Benfica in the final of the European Cup; this success was repeated in 1969, with a 4–1 win over Ajax in the final, followed by the Intercontinental Cup title the same year. During this period Milan won its first Coppa Italia, with victory over Padova in the 1967 final, two European Cup Winners' Cups: in 1967–68 and 1972–73. Milan won a tenth league title in 1979, but after the retirement of Gianni Rivera in the same year, the team went into a period of decline; the club was involved in the 1980 Totonero scandal and as punishment was relegated to Serie B for the first time in its history.
The scandal was centred around a betting syndicate paying players and officials to fix the outcome of matches. Milan achieved promotion back to Serie A at the first attempt, winning the 1980–81 Serie B title, but were again relegated a year as the team ended its 1981–82 campaign in third-last place. In 1983, Milan won the Serie B title for the second time in three seasons to return to Serie A, where they achieved a sixth-place finish in 1983–84. On 20 February 1986, entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi acquired the club and saved it from bankruptcy after investing vast amounts of money, appointing rising manager Arrigo Sacchi at the helm of the Rossoneri and signing Dutch internationals Ruud Gullit, Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard; the Dutch trio added an attacking impetus to the team, complemented the club's Italian internationals Paolo Maldini, Franco Baresi, Alessandro Costacurta and Roberto Donadoni. Under Sacchi, Milan won its first Scudetto in nine years in the 1987–88 season; the following year, the club won its first European Cup in two decades, beating Romanian club Steaua București 4–0 in the final.
Milan retained their title with a 1–0 win over Benfica a year and was the last team to win back-to-back European Cups until Real Madrid's win in 2017. The Milan team of 1989–90, nicknamed the "Immortals" in the Italian media, has been voted the best club side of all time in a global poll of experts conducted by World Soccer magazine. After Sacchi left Milan in 1991, he was replaced by the club's former player Fabio Capello whose team won three consecutive Serie A titles between 1992 and 1994, a spell which included a 58-match unbeaten run in Serie A, back-to-back UEFA Champions League final appearances in 1993, 1994 and 1995. A year after losing 1–0 to Marseille in the 1993 Champions League final, Capello's team reached its peak in one of Milan's most memorable matches of all time, the famous 4–0 win over Barcelona in the 1994 Champions League final. Capello's side went on to win the 1995–96 league title before he left to coach Real Madrid in 1996. In 1998–99, after a two-year period of decline, Milan lifted its 16th championship in the club's centenary season.
Milan's next period of success came under Carlo Ancelotti. After his appointment in November 2001, Ancelotti took Milan to the 2003 Champions League final, where they defeated Juventus on penalties to win the club's sixth European Cup; the team won the Scudetto in 2003–04 before reaching the 2005 Champions
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are or located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members. UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Super Cup, controls the prize money and media rights to those competitions. Henri Delaunay was Ebbe Schwartz the first president; the current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA. UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian and Belgian associations.
The European football union began with 25 members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Switzerland. UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions; some states are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law; these include Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the Faroe Islands, Kosovo, however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically. Countries, members of the Asian Football Confederation were admitted to the European football association Israel and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition.
AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League. F. C. participate in the English League. Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtensteinian teams play in the Swiss Leagues. Saarland Football Union, joined Football Association of West Germany Football Association of East Germany, joined Football Association of West Germany as German Football Association Football Federation of the Soviet Union. Four other successor republics formed their own football organisations. Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegro, which exited the union, created the Football Association of Montenegro, it competed as FR Yugoslavia until 2003 when the country changed its name to Montenegro. Football Association of Czechoslovakia, became Football Association of the Czech Republic and Slovak Football Association with the Football Association of the Czech Republic acknowledged as its direct successor. Lithuania, in 1990 sanctions were imposed due to secession of Lithuanian Football Federation from the Football Federation of Soviet Union Yugoslavia, in 1992-1998 sanctions were imposed due to the Bosnian War Italy, in 1974-1975 sanctions were imposed against SS Lazio due to its fans, Italy was restricted from the European Cup to which Lazio qualified England, in 1985-1991 sanctions were imposed against English association football clubs due to the Heysel Stadium disaster by suspending their participation in continental competitions for five years Netherlands, in 1991-1992 sanctions were imposed against AFC Ajax due to its fans, the Netherlands were restricted from the European Cup to which Ajax qualified Albania, in 1967 special sanctions were imposed against 1966–67 Albanian Superliga due to its political background 1968–69 the Warsaw Pact demonstrated political protest and imposed sanctions on clubs of its members in continental competitions (included E
The Campeonato Nacional de Liga de Primera División known as La Liga, is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system. Administered by the Liga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional known as the Liga de Fútbol Profesional, La Liga is contested by 20 teams, with the three lowest-placed teams at the end of each season relegated to the Segunda División and replaced by the top three teams in that division. A total of 62 teams have competed in La Liga since its inception. Nine teams have been crowned champions, with Real Madrid winning the title a record 33 times and Barcelona 25 times. Barcelona won the inaugural La Liga in 1929 with Athletic Bilbao claiming several titles in the league's early years. Barcelona and Real Madrid dominated the championship in the 1950s, winning four La Liga titles each throughout the decade. Real Madrid dominated La Liga from the 1960s through the 1980s, when Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao, Real Sociedad won the league twice in those years.
From the 1990s onward, Barcelona has dominated winning 15 titles. Although Real Madrid has been prominent, winning 8 titles, La Liga has seen other champions, including Atlético Madrid and Deportivo de La Coruña. In the 2010s, Atlético Madrid has become an strong team, forming a trio alongside Real Madrid and Barcelona. According to UEFA's league coefficient, La Liga has been the top league in Europe over the last five years and has led Europe for more years than any other country, it has produced the continent's top-rated club more times than any other league, more than double that of second-placed Serie A. Its clubs have won the most UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Super Cup, FIFA Club World Cup titles, its players have accumulated the highest number of Ballon d'Or awards, The Best FIFA Men's Player including FIFA World Player of the Year and UEFA Men's Player of the Year including UEFA Club Footballer of the Year. La Liga is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 26,983 for league matches in the 2017–18 season.
This is the sixth-highest of any domestic professional sports league in the world and the third-highest of any professional association football league in the world, behind the Bundesliga and the Premier League. The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for 38 matchdays. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion. A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Segunda División; the three lowest placed teams in La Liga are relegated to the Segunda División, the top two teams from the Segunda División promoted to La Liga, with an additional club promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth and sixth placed clubs. Below is a complete record of; these are: yellow card, 1 point doubled yellow card/ejection, 2 points direct red card, 3 points suspension or disqualification of coach, executive or other club personnel, 5 points misconduct of the supporters: mild 5 points, serious 6 points serious 7 points stadium closure, 10 points if the Competition Committee removes a penalty, the points are removed If the tie is still not broken, it will be resolved with a tie-break match in a neutral stadium.
The top 4 teams in La Liga qualify for the subsequent season's UEFA Champions League Group Stage. The winners of the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League qualify for the subsequent season's UEFA Champions League Group Stage. If this means 6 La Liga teams qualify the 4th place team in La Liga instead plays in the UEFA Europa League, as any single nation is limited to a maximum of 5 teams; the 5th place team in La Liga qualifies for the subsequent season's UEFA Europa League Group Stage. The winner of the Copa del Rey qualifies for the subsequent season's UEFA Europa League Group Stage, but if the winner finished in the top 5 places in La Liga this place reverts to the team that finished 6th in La Liga. Furthermore the 6th place team qualifies for the subsequent season's UEFA Europa League 2nd Qualifying Round; the number of places allocated to Spanish clubs in UEFA competitions is dependent upon the position a country holds in the UEFA country coefficients, which are calculated based upon the performance of teams in UEFA competitions in the previous 5 years.
The ranking of Spain is 1st. In April 1927, José María Acha, a director at Arenas Club de Getxo, first proposed the idea of a national leagu
Leopold "Leo" Sylvain Horn was an international football referee, newspaper columnist and textile manufacturer from the Netherlands. Horn was born in Sittard; the family moved to Amsterdam in 1928. Horn became a clerk with the textile firm Lehmann & Co, became an amateur referee, after his playing career was ended by a knee injury. Horn came to prominence as a referee after the Second World War. During the War Horn had been awarded a black belt in judo. Horn was suspended from refereeing by a Royal Dutch Football Association on orders of the annexed Dutch Government on account of being Jewish, in 1941, his brother, Edgar Horn, was murdered in a concentration camp. Horn was placed in charge of the famous 1953 England–Hungary match at Wembley Stadium and is one of only four men to have refereed two European Champions' Cup finals, beginning with the 1957 final in the competition's second year. In the 1962 final against Benfica, Real Madrid player Ferenc Puskás was seen to throw something into the crowd.
Ken Jones, an English journalist asked Horn why he had not cautioned Puskás. Horn replied: "What you don't know is that I threw my whistle at Puskás," Horn said. "It hit him in the ear.". The next September Horn refereed the playoff of the 1962 Copa Libertadores Finals after the original two-legged tie ended in a draw. Toward the end of his career Horn was appointed to referee the Leeds United v Valencia match in the Inter Cities Fairs Cup on 2 February 1966. Jack Charlton, after being struck by a Valencian player, struck out and a free-for-all ensued, only to be broken up by the police. Horn lead both sides off the pitch, expelling Vidagany in the tunnel. Of this game, Jack Charlton said: "One of the greatest storms in European football burst about the heads of Leeds United when they played Valencia. I was in the centre of the row – three players, including myself, were ordered off. You could smell it on the pitch.' Don Revie, said:'If this is European football I think we are better out of it'."He refereed his last match Ajax v Bulgaria on 31 August 1966.
Horn became a firm friend of Abraham Klein in life. He died in Amstelveen, the Netherlands, aged 79. P. van der Eijk "Horn, Leopold Sailvin", in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland
Racing de Santander
Real Racing Club de Santander, S. A. D. known as Racing de Santander, is a Spanish football club based in Santander, in the autonomous community of Cantabria. Founded in 1913, it plays in Segunda División B – Group 2, holding home games at Estadio El Sardinero, with a capacity for 22,222 spectators, it is one of the ten founding clubs of La Liga. Racing de Santander played its first match on 23 February 1913, it was founded on 14 June, as Santander Racing Club, appearing in its first tournament during that summer and being admitted to the Northern Federation on 14 November merging with Santander Football Club. In the 1928/29 season, the Spanish League competition began. After a complicated elimination process to determine the tenth and final team for the new First Division, Racing successively beat Valencia and Sevilla; the club was part of the first goalless game in the league, against Athletic Club. During the Second Republic, the classifications of Santander varied. In the 1930/31, It achieved the subchampionship of the Spanish League, tied at 22 points with champion Athletic Club, third-place Real Sociedad.
This is the highest level achieved by the club in all its history, trained by the English Robert Firth and chaired by Fernando Pombo. They participated in the International Tournament of Paris, falling in the semifinal to Slavia of Prague. In the 1930s, under the presidency of the academic José María de Cossío, it had varied positions, from third place in to low table rankings. In seasons Racing played in the Commonwealth Championship of Castilla-Aragón, in which it finished second in the first season. Meanwhile, in Cantabria a lesser championship was disputed, not qualifying for the Spanish Cup. During the 1935/36 season, Racing was the first club in the Spanish league to beat Barcelona and Real Madrid in the four league matches in the same season: on 8 December 1935 won 4-0 against Barcelona in the Campos de Sport de El Sardinero, on 15 December won in Madrid 2-4, on 8 March 1936 beat Barcelona 2-3 and on 15 March defeated Madrid 4-3 at El Sardinero; the only player to score in all matches was Milucho.
In 1950, the Cantabrians returned to the top flight after a ten-year absence, scoring 99 goals in only 30 games. During the period of Francoist Spain, the club was renamed Real Santander in 1941, because of the prohibition on non-Spanish names; the name was restored in 1973 as the team returned to the first division one year after nearly relegating, under young manager José María Maguregui. Racing de Santander was relegated, And spent the ensuing seasons bouncing between divisions one and two being crowned champions in Segunda División B in 1991. Veteran Quique Setién returned to his main club the following year, helping it return to the top flight and scoring in the 1994–95 campaign against FC Barcelona, in a historic 5–0 home win. Racing was the first Spanish team to wear a sponsor's name on their shirt: German electronics company Teka on 27 December 1981 away to Real Madrid. In the 2000s, Racing only played one season in the second division, winning promotion with Setién as manager. In 2007–08, under Marcelino García Toral, it finished in sixth position, thus qualifying to the UEFA Cup for the first time ever.
On 22 January 2011, Indian business tycoon Ahsan Ali Syed and chairman of Western Gulf Advisory, an investment company, purchased Racing de Santander firing coach Miguel Ángel Portugal. The 2011–12 season brought with it three different managers, the side returned to the second level after one full decade in the top division. At the end of the following campaign, Racing again finished in 20th position and suffered relegation being immersed in a severe institutional and economic crisis. In spite of that plight, the team was able to reach the quarterfinals in the 2013–14 edition of the domestic cup after ousting top-divisioners Sevilla FC and UD Almería. On 27 January 2014, Racing's players, citing several months of unpaid wages, announced they would not play their upcoming Cup match unless the club's president and board resigned. Three days prior to the second leg against Real Sociedad and after a 1–3 loss in the first match, Racing players gathered at the centre circle after kick-off and refused to play.
Referee Jesús Gil Manzano suspended the game after one minute, the home team was given a loss due to forfeit. Racing won their group in the 2013–14 Segunda División B, won the playoff against Llagostera to be promoted back to the second tier, but they were relegated in the 2014–15 season, they again took first place in the Segunda B section in 2015–16, but were eliminated in the promotion playoffs, failing to score a goal across four matches in the ties lost to Reus and Cadiz. 44 seasons in La Liga 33 seasons in Segunda División 6 seasons in Segunda División B 4 seasons in Tercera División Seg
1970–71 European Cup Winners' Cup
The 1970–71 season of the European Cup Winners' Cup football club tournament was won by Chelsea in a replay against Real Madrid. Defending champions Manchester City were eliminated by Chelsea in the semi-finals, only the second tie in the competition between two clubs from the same country. Bologna 1–1 Vorwärts Berlin on aggregate. Vorwärts Berlin won on away goals. CSKA Sofia won 11–1 on aggregate. Chelsea won 2–0 on aggregate. Chelsea won 2–0 on aggregate. Real Madrid won 2–1 on aggregate. 1970–71 European Cup 1970–71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1970-71 competition at UEFA website Cup Winners' Cup results at Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation Cup Winners Cup Seasons 1970-71–results, protocols website Football Archive 1970–71 Cup Winners Cup
Real Madrid Castilla
Real Madrid Castilla Club de Fútbol is a Spanish football team that plays in Segunda División B – Group 1. It is Real Madrid's reserve team, they play their home games at Alfredo di Stéfano Stadium. Unlike the English football league system, reserve teams in Spain play in the same league system as their senior team rather than a separate league. Reserve teams, cannot play in the same division as their senior team. Therefore, Real Madrid Castilla are ineligible for promotion to the Primera División. Reserve teams are no longer permitted to enter the Copa del Rey. In addition, only under-23 players, or under-25 players with a professional contract, can switch between senior and reserve teams. In 1948, Agrupación Deportiva Plus Ultra, a local amateur team playing in the Tercera División, agreed to become a feeder club for Real Madrid. Formed in 1930, the team took its name from the national motto of Spain. Real gave AD Plus Ultra financial support and in return were given first refusal on the club's best players.
By 1949, they made their debut in the Segunda División and in 1952, the club became the official Real reserve team. In 1959, they reached the quarter-finals of the Copa del Rey, losing 7–2 on aggregate to eventual finalists Granada. During the 1950s and 1960s, future senior Real Madrid players and Spanish internationals such as José María Zárraga, Enrique Mateos, Ramón Marsal, Pedro Casado, Juan Manuel Villa, José María Vidal, Fernando Serena and Ramón Grosso all spent time at the club. Luis Aragonés briefly played for Plus Ultra and Miguel Muñoz began his coaching career at the club. In 1972, Plus Ultra folded because of the demise of the insurance company of the same name, their position in the Tercera División was taken by Castilla Club de Fútbol, the new reserve team for Real Madrid, on 21 July; as Castilla CF, the team enjoyed something of a golden age. During this era, with a team that included Agustín, Ricardo Gallego and Francisco Pineda, Castilla reached the final of the 1979–80 Copa del Rey.
During their cup run, they beat four Primera División teams, including Hércules, Athletic Bilbao, Real Sociedad and Sporting de Gijón. The latter two finished second and third in the Primera División. In the final, they played Real Madrid but lost 6–1; because Real won the Primera División, Castilla qualified for the 1980–81 European Cup Winners' Cup. Despite beating West Ham United 3–1 in the opening game at the Santiago Bernabéu, they lost the return 5–1 after extra time and went out in the first round. Castilla reached the quarter-finals of the Copa del Rey on three further occasions, in 1984, 1986, 1988. In 1984, with Amancio Amaro as coach, Castilla won the Segunda División. Amaro's tenure as coach saw the rise of the famous La Quinta del Buitre – Emilio Butragueño, Manolo Sanchís, Martín Vázquez, Míchel, Miguel Pardeza. Castilla were ineligible for promotion, because Real Madrid were in the Primera División. In the 1987–88 season, they finished third in the Segunda División, but were once again ineligible for promotion.
In 1991, the Royal Spanish Football Federation banned the use of separate names for reserve teams and Castilla CF became known as Real Madrid Deportiva and Real Madrid B. In the early 1990s, two former Castilla players, Vicente del Bosque and Rafael Benítez, began their coaching careers with the team. In 1997, the team was relegated to the Segunda División B, but despite this, they continued to produce internationally acclaimed players; these have included Raúl, Guti and Iker Casillas, who all became established members of the senior Real Madrid team. In the 2004–05 season, coach Juan Ramón López Caro guided the team back to the Segunda División and the team subsequently revived the El Castilla name and became known as Real Madrid Castilla. In 2006, the new stadium of the club's training facilities Ciudad Real Madrid was named the Alfredo di Stéfano Stadium and Francisco Moreno Cariñena became the first independent chairman in 16 years. In this year, the team has continued to produce quality players such as Roberto Soldado and Álvaro Arbeloa.
In the 2006–2007 season, the team was relegated to the Segunda División B under the management of ex-Real Madrid legend Míchel after occupying 19th place in the league in a disappointing season. Míchel received a lot of criticism and accepted all the blame for the team's bad performances for those who had a wonderful season in the 2005–06 season, such as Rubén de la Red, Esteban Granero and Javi García; the reserves produced other quality players, including Álvaro Negredo. Real Madrid Castilla was promoted back to Segunda División at the end of the season 2011–12 after beating Cádiz in the play-offs with aggregate score 8–1. In the 2013–14 season, three key players Nacho, Álvaro Morata and Jesé were promoted to the first team, Castilla was relegated in the last matchday after being defeated by Real Murcia in the last match of the season. In the 2015–16 season, Lucas Vázquez, loaned to Espanyol at the 2014–15 season signed a permanent deal with Espanyol, but Vázquez returned to Real Madrid with the first team.
As an independent teamAs a reserve team33 seasons in Segunda División 20 seasons in Segunda División B 20 seasons in Tercera División Segunda DivisiónWinners: 1983–84Segunda División BWinners: 1990–91, 2001–02, 2004–05, 2011–12Tercera DivisiónWinners: 1948–49, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1967–68 As of 22 February 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. On 9 May 2006 the Alfredo di Stéfano Stadium was inaugurated at the City of Madrid where Real Madrid trains; the inaugural match was between Real Madrid and Stade de Reims, a rematch of the European Cup final wo