Jutarnji list is a Croatian daily newspaper and continuously published in Zagreb since April, 6, 1998, by EPH which changed name in Hanza Media, when bought by Marijan Hanžeković. The newspaper is published in online, its online edition jutarnji.hr is the second most visited news website in Croatia after Index.hr. According to the owner of Hanza Media Marijan Hanžeković, "Jutarnji list should be conceptually newspaper of liberal and social-democratic orientation, with emphasis on accuracy and relevance." However it is evident that Jutarnji List might be an accomplice in spreading of misinformation on behalf of the ruling party, at times seems under their control. Jutarnji list was launched in April 1998, becoming the first successful Croatian daily newspaper to appear since the 1950s, it was named after a Zagreb daily that used to circulate before World War II. The newspaper is part of Europapress Holding media group. Jutarnji is considered to be a more left-leaning liberal daily than Večernji list.
In 2003, Jutarnji list launched Nedjeljni Jutarnji. On 19 February 2005, Jutarnji list published an exhaustive biography of Ante Gotovina; the paper took the majority of Croatian media market and became one of the most read newspapers in that country. In the first five years it sold more than 214 million copies. During the actual economic crisis the number of sold copies diminished from about 80,000 in 2007 to 52,763 in 2013; the crisis hit in the same manner other daily newspapers in Croatia. The circulation of Jutarnji list was 66,000 copies in October 2014. Writer Predrag Matvejević was an essayist at the Jutarnji list. Other notable contributors include Slavenka Drakulić, Miljenko Jergović, Ante Tomić, Jurica Pavičić, Nenad Polimac, Tvrtko Jakovina, Ivo Banac, Inoslav Bešker. Tomislav Wruss Mladen Pleše Viktor Vresnik Goran Ogurlić In February 2008, Jutarnji list was involved in a scandal when it published an interview with what was thought to be Croatian Prime Minister Ivo Sanader; the reporter contacted 23-year-old Viktor Zahtila by e-mail and SMS, who he assumed to be the prime minister.
Zahtila replied via email and nowhere explicitly stated. The reporter, Davor Butković, never checked to see if he was communicating with the PM. Official website Dean Sinovčić. "Novi val hrvatskih novina". Nacional. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012
Sprint car racing
Sprint cars are high-powered race cars designed for the purpose of running on short oval or circular dirt or paved tracks. Sprint car racing is popular in the United States of America and Canada, as well as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa. Sprint cars have high power-to-weight ratios, with weights of 1,400 pounds for 410 sprint cars, they are powered by a aspirated, mechanically fuel injected American V8 with an engine displacement of 410 cubic inches capable of engine speeds of 9000 rpm. Depending on the mechanical setup and the track layout these cars achieve speeds in excess of 160 miles per hour. A lower budget and popular class of sprint cars uses 360 cubic inch engines that produce 700 horsepower. Sprint cars do not utilize a transmission, they have an in or out gear box and quick change rear differentials for occasional gearing changes; as a result, they do not require a push to start them. The safety record of sprint car racing in recent years has been improved by the use of roll cages, on dirt tracks, wings, to protect the drivers.
Many IndyCar Series and NASCAR drivers used sprint car racing as an intermediate stepping stone on their way to more high-profile divisions, including Indianapolis 500 winners A. J. Foyt, Mario Andretti, Johnny Rutherford, Parnelli Jones, Johnnie Parsons, Al Unser, Sr. and Al Unser, Jr. as well as NASCAR Sprint Cup champions Jeff Gordon and Tony Stewart. The National Sprint Car Hall of Fame & Museum located in Knoxville, Iowa, USA features exhibits highlighting the history of both winged and wingless sprint cars. There are several sanctioning bodies for non-winged sprint cars; the United States Automobile Club has become the top series for non-winged sprint car racing throughout the United States after taking over the Sprint Car Racing Association and turning it into the USAC/California Racing Association. This series has become the premier non-winged sprint car series on the west coast of the United States. USAC has hosted the Silver Crown series, based in Indiana, for decades; the Silver Crown series was started in 1971 as an offshoot of the series that competed for the National Championship Trail including the Indianapolis 500, known as "big cars".
Non-winged sprint cars are considered the traditional sprint car, dating back to the first sprint cars in the 1930s and 1940s. Today, they are the same car as a winged sprint car, only without wings. In fact, many of them have the "stub outs" in the frame for adding wings, they use the same 410ci and 360ci aluminum engines as their winged counterparts. Their tuning and gearing are different for performance at lower RPMs than a winged car. Chassis set ups and tires are different. While they do not have the same top speed as a winged car, they are thought by many to be more fun to watch, they tend to have a more extreme driving style and are sliding sideways through corners and doing wheelies. This makes them more dangerous than winged cars and their crashes are known for their spectacular nature, they lack the inherent safety that a wing provides. It is uncommon for someone to be good at driving both winged and non-winged cars; the world's first winged car, known today as a winged sprint car, was created and driven by Jim Cushman at the Columbus Motor Speedway in 1958.
In the early 1970s, many sprint car drivers began to put wings with sideboards on both the front and top of their cars. The added wings increased the downforce generated on the car, with the opposite direction of the sideboards helping to turn the car in the corners; the increased traction makes the car easier to control. The wing affects safety; the added downforce lessens the likelihood of going airborne. When cars do go airborne, the wings break off or absorb some of the impact of the flip, lessening the impact on the driver. Wings provide an amount of protection for the driver in case of an accident and are sometimes referred to as "aluminum courage." In some cases, teams are able to replace the wing during the ensuing stoppage and are able to race once the race resumed. In 1978, Ted Johnson formed. Racing throughout the United States from February to November, the World of Outlaws is the premier dirt sprint car racing series. Famous tracks featured in the series included the Eldora Speedway in Rossburg, the Lernerville Speedway in Sarver, the Knoxville Raceway in Knoxville and Williams Grove Speedway in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.
Each August, the Knoxville Raceway holds the Knoxville Nationals. In 1987, Australia followed suit with its own national series for winged sprint cars called the World Series Sprintcars, founded by Adelaide based sedan driver and Speedway Park track promoter John Hughes. Famous Australian tracks used in the WSS have included Speedway Park/City in Adelaide, South Australia, Claremont Speedway and Perth Motorplex in Perth, Western Australia, Valvoline Raceway in Sydney, New South Wales, Archerfield Speedway in Brisbane and the Premier Speedway (home of the Grand Annual Sprintcar Clas
Kurtis Kraft was an American designer and builder of race cars. The company built midget cars, sports cars, sprint cars, Bonneville cars, USAC Championship cars, it was founded by Frank Kurtis. Kurtis built some low fiberglass bodied two-seaters sports cars under his own name in Glendale, California between 1949 and 1955. Ford running gear was used. About 36 cars had been made when the licence was sold to Earl "Madman" Muntz who built the Muntz Jet. In 1954 and 1955, road versions of their Indianapolis racers were offered. Kurtis Kraft created over 550 ready-to-run midget cars, 600 kits; the Kurtis Kraft chassis midget car featured a smaller version of the Offenhauser motor. The National Midget Auto Racing Hall of Fame describes the combination as "virtually unbeatable for over twenty years." Kurtis Kraft created 120 Indianapolis 500 cars, including five winners. Kurtis sold the midget car portion of the business to Johnny Pawl in the late 1950s, the quarter midget business to Ralph Potter in 1962.
Frank Kurtis was the first non-driver inducted in the National Midget Auto Racing Hall of Fame. Zeke Justice and Ed Justice of the Justice Brothers both worked at Kurtis-Kraft after World War II. Zeke Justice was the first employee at Kurtis-Kraft; the FIA World Drivers' Championship included the Indianapolis 500 between 1950 and 1960, so many Kurtis Kraft cars are credited with competing in that championship. One Kurtis midget car was entered in the 1959 Formula One United States Grand Prix driven by Rodger Ward, it was not designed for European-style road racing and with an undersized engine it circulated at the back of the field for 20 laps before retiring with clutch problems. From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the FIA World Championship
Formula One is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile and owned by the Formula One Group. The FIA Formula One World Championship has been one of the premier forms of racing around the world since its inaugural season in 1950; the word "formula" in the name refers to the set of rules to which all participants' cars must conform. A Formula One season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, which take place worldwide on purpose-built circuits and on public roads; the results of each race are evaluated using a points system to determine two annual World Championships: one for drivers, the other for constructors. Drivers must hold valid Super Licences, the highest class of racing licence issued by the FIA; the races must run on tracks graded "1", the highest grade-rating issued by the FIA. Most events occur in rural locations on purpose-built tracks, but several events take place on city streets. Formula One cars are the fastest regulated road-course racing cars in the world, owing to high cornering speeds achieved through the generation of large amounts of aerodynamic downforce.
The cars underwent major changes in 2017, allowing wider front and rear wings, wider tyres, resulting in cornering forces closing in on 6.5g and top speeds of up to 375 km/h. As of 2019 the hybrid engines are limited in performance to a maximum of 15,000 rpm and the cars are dependent on electronics—although traction control and other driving aids have been banned since 2008—and on aerodynamics and tyres. While Europe is the sport's traditional base, the championship operates globally, with 11 of the 21 races in the 2018 season taking place outside Europe. With the annual cost of running a mid-tier team—designing and maintaining cars, transport—being US$120 million, Formula One has a significant economic and job-creation effect, its financial and political battles are reported, its high profile and popularity have created a major merchandising environment, which has resulted in large investments from sponsors and budgets. On 8 September 2016 Bloomberg reported that Liberty Media had agreed to buy Delta Topco, the company that controls Formula One, from private-equity firm CVC Capital Partners for $4.4 billion in cash and convertible debt.
On 23 January 2017 Liberty Media confirmed the completion of the acquisition for $8 billion. The Formula One series originated with the European Grand Prix Motor Racing of the 1930s; the formula is a set of rules. Formula One was a new formula agreed upon after World War II during 1946, with the first non-championship races being held that year. A number of Grand Prix racing organisations had laid out rules for a world championship before the war, but due to the suspension of racing during the conflict, the World Drivers' Championship was not formalised until 1947; the first world championship race was held at Silverstone, United Kingdom in 1950. A championship for constructors followed in 1958. National championships existed in the UK in the 1960s and 1970s. Non-championship Formula One events were held for many years, but due to the increasing cost of competition, the last of these occurred in 1983. On 26 November 2017, Formula One unveiled its new logo, following the 2017 season finale in Abu Dhabi during the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix at Yas Marina Circuit.
The new logo replaced F1's iconic'flying one', the sport's trademark since 1993. After a hiatus in European motor racing brought about by the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the first World Championship for Drivers was won by Italian Giuseppe Farina in his Alfa Romeo in 1950, narrowly defeating his Argentine teammate Juan Manuel Fangio. However, Fangio won the title in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, his streak interrupted by two-time champion Alberto Ascari of Ferrari. Although the UK's Stirling Moss was able to compete he was never able to win the world championship, is now considered to be the greatest driver never to have won the title. Fangio, however, is remembered for dominating Formula One's first decade and has long been considered the "Grand Master" of Formula One; this period featured teams managed by road car manufacturers Alfa Romeo, Mercedes-Benz, Maserati. The first seasons were run using pre-war cars like Alfa's 158, they were front-engined, with narrow tyres and 1.5-litre supercharged or 4.5-litre aspirated engines.
The 1952 and 1953 World Championships were run to Formula Two regulations, for smaller, less powerful cars, due to concerns over the paucity of Formula One cars available. When a new Formula One, for engines limited to 2.5 litres, was reinstated to the world championship for 1954, Mercedes-Benz introduced the advanced W196, which featured innovations such as desmodromic valves and fuel injection as well as enclosed streamlined bodywork. Mercedes drivers won the championship for two years, before the team withdrew from all motorsport in the wake of the 1955 Le Mans disaster. An era of British dominance was ushered in by Mike Hawthorn and Vanwall's championship wins in 1958, although Stirling Moss had been at the forefront of the sport without securing the world title. Between Hawthorn, Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart, John Surtees and Graham Hill, British drivers won nine Drivers' Championships and British teams won fourteen Constructors' Championsh
American open-wheel car racing
American open-wheel car racing known as Indy car racing, is a category of professional-level automobile racing in the United States and North America. As of 2019, the top-level American open-wheel racing championship is sanctioned by IndyCar. Competitive events for professional-level, single-seat open-wheel race cars have been conducted under the auspices of several different sanctioning bodies since 1902. A season-long, points-based, National Championship of drivers has been recognized in 1905, 1916, since 1920; the Indianapolis 500, which debuted in 1911, is the premier event of Indy car racing. The open-wheeled, single-seater cars have been similar to those in Formula One, though there are important differences; the fame of the Indianapolis 500 leads many to colloquially refer to the cars that compete on the American Championship circuit as "Indy cars." This form of racing has experienced high levels of popularity over the years in the post-World War II time frame. The "golden era" of the 1950s was followed by a decade of transition and innovation in the 1960s, which included increased international participation.
The sport experienced considerable growth and exposure during the rising popularity of the CART PPG Indy Car World Series in the 1980s and early 1990s. Two organizational disputes, in 1979 and 1996, led to a "split" that divided the participants among two separate sanctioning bodies. However, an official unification took place in 2008 that brought the sport back together under one single sanctioning body; the national championship was sanctioned by the Contest Board of the American Automobile Association. The AAA first sanctioned automobile motorsports events in 1902. At first it used the rules of the Automobile Club of America, but it formed its own rules in 1903, it introduced the first track season championship for racing cars in 1905. Barney Oldfield was the first champion. No official season championship was recognized from 1906–1915, single races were held. Official records regard 1916 as the next contested championship season. Years retroactive titles were named back to 1902; these post factum seasons are considered unofficial and revisionist history by accredited historians.
Racing did not cease in the United States during WWI, but the official national championship was suspended. The Indianapolis 500 itself was voluntarily suspended for 1917–1918 due to the war. In 1920, the championship resumed, despite the difficult economic climate that would follow, ran continuously throughout the Depression. Shortly after Pearl Harbor, all auto racing was suspended during World War II. From 1942 to 1945 no events were contested, banned by the U. S. government on account of rationing. Racing resumed in full in 1946; the 1946 season is unique, in that it included six Champ Car events, 71 "Big Car" races, as organizers were unsure about the availability of cars and participation. AAA ceased participation in auto racing at the end of the 1955 season, it cited a series of high-profile fatal accidents, namely Bill Vukovich at Indianapolis, the Le Mans disaster. Through 1922 and again from 1930 to 1937, it was commonplace for the cars to be two-seaters, as opposed to the aforementioned standard single-seat form.
The driver would be accompanied by a riding mechanic. The national championship was taken over by the United States Auto Club, a new sanctioning body formed by the then-owner of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Tony Hulman. Championship racing continued to grow in popularity in a stabilized environment for over two decades, with the two traditional disciplines of paved oval tracks and dirt oval tracks. During the 1950s, front-engined "roadsters" became the dominant cars on the paved oval tracks, while "upright" Champ Dirt Cars continued to dominate on dirt tracks. In the 1960s, drivers and team owners with road racing backgrounds, both American and foreign, began creeping into the series and the paved oval track cars evolved from front-engine "roadsters" to rear-engine formula-style racers. Technology and expense climbed at a rapid rate; the schedule continued to be dominated by oval tracks, but a few road course races were added to assuage the newcomers. Dirt tracks were dropped from the national championship after 1970.
During the 1970s, the increasing costs began to drive some of the traditional USAC car owners out of the sport. The dominant teams became Penske, Gurney, McLaren, all run by people with road racing backgrounds. There was a growing dissent between these teams and USAC management. Events outside Indianapolis were suffering from low attendance, poor promotion; the Indy 500 was televised on a same day tape delayed basis on ABC, most of the other races had little or no coverage on television. Towards the end of the decade, the growing dissent prompted several car owners to consider creating a new sanctioning body to conduct the races. Meanwhile, two events had a concomitant effect on the situation. Tony Hulman, president of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway and founder of USAC, died in the fall of 1977. A few months eight key USAC officials were killed in a plane crash. By the end of 1978, the owners had broken away and founded Championship Auto Racing Teams to wrest control of Championship racing away from USAC.
Championship Auto Racing Teams was formed by most of the existing team owners, with some initial assistance from the SCCA. Therefore, there were two national championships run each by USAC and CART; the Indianapolis 500 remained under USAC sanction. The top teams allied to CART, the CART championship became the more prestigious national championship. USAC
Brod Moravice is a municipality in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in western Croatia. There are 4 % Italians, it is the smallest municipality, as for population, oldest one in its county. Brod Moravice was first mentioned in 1260; the rural municipality was founded in the 14th century. Throughout history, it has been known as Moravice, Gornje Moravice and Brodske Moravice. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the municipality was the subject of numerous Turkish raids; the municipality, part of the historic and geographic large region of the Littoral, is located in the mountain range close to Croatian borders with Slovenia. It dists 65 km from Karlovac, 71 from Rijeka, 114 from Zagreb, 104 from Ljubljana and 144 from Trieste; the municipality is divided into 38 localities, included the town of Brod Moravice itself. The population, as of 2011, is shown under brackets: The municipality counts lot of ancient church buildings, it is a receptive place for tourism due to its natural environment. Brod Moravice is crossed by the state road D3 and the nearest motorway is the A6.
As for railways, it counts a station on the line Rijeka-Ogulin-Karlovac-Zagreb. Brod Moravice official website Brod Moravice tourist office Coat of arms of Brod Moravice
The Offenhauser Racing Engine, or Offy, is a racing engine design that dominated American open wheel racing for more than 50 years and is still popular among vintage sprint and midget car racers. The Offenhauser engine, familiarly known as the "Offy", was developed by Fred Offenhauser and his employer Harry Arminius Miller, it was sold as a marine engine. In 1930, a four-cylinder 151 cu in Miller engine installed in a race car set a new international land speed record of 144.895 mph. Miller developed this engine into a twin overhead cam, four-cylinder, four-valve-per-cylinder 220 cu in racing engine. Variations of this design would be used in midgets and sprints into the 1960s, with a choice of carburetion or Hilborn fuel injection; when both Miller and the company to whom he had sold much of the equipment and rights went bankrupt in 1933, Offenhauser opened a shop a block away and bought rights to engines, special tooling and drawings at the bankruptcy auction, he and other former Miller employees took over production.
They and former Miller employee, draftsman Leo Goossen, further developed the Miller engines into the Offenhauser engines. In 1946 the name and engine designs were sold to Louis Meyer and Dale Drake. Meyer was bought out by Drake, his wife Eve and their son John in 1965. From until Drake's son John sold the shop to Stewart Van Dyne, the Drake family designed and refined the engine until its final race days, it was under Meyer and Drake that the engine dominated the Indy 500 and midget racing in the United States. One of the keys to the Offenhauser engine's success and popularity was its power. A 251.92 cubic inch DOHC four-cylinder racing Offy with a 15:1 compression ratio and a 4.28125-by-4.375-inch bore and stroke, could produce 420 hp at 6,600 rpm. Other variants of the engine produced higher outputs of 3 hp per cubic inch. Another reason for the engine's success was its reliability. From 1934 through the 1970s, the Offenhauser engine dominated American open wheel racing, winning the Indianapolis 500 27 times.
By the company had been sold, right after World War II, to Meyer and Drake, who continued to build the engines. From 1950 through 1960, Offenhauser-powered cars won the Indy 500 and achieved all three podium positions, winning the pole position in 10 of the 11 years. In 1959 Lime Rock Park held a famous Formula Libre race, where Rodger Ward shocked the expensive and exotic sports car contingent by beating them on the road course in an Offenhauser powered midget car, considered competitive on oval tracks only; when Ford came onto the scene in 1963, the Offy began to lose its domination over Indy car racing, although it remained a competitive winner through the mid-1970s with the advent of turbocharging. Outputs over 1,000 bhp could be attained; the final 2.65-litre four-cylinder Offy, restricted to 24.6 psi boost, produced 770 bhp at 9,000 rpm. The Offy's final victory came at Trenton in Gordon Johncock's Wildcat; the last time an Offy-powered car raced was at Pocono in 1982 for the Domino's Pizza Pocono 500, in an Eagle chassis driven by Jim McElreath, although two Vollstedt chassis with Offenhauser engines failed to qualify for the 1983 Indianapolis 500.
The Offenhauser shop began to do machine work for Lockheed in 1940, as the arms build-up for anticipated war began. The last prewar engine was shipped on July 17, 1941. After the Pearl Harbor attack, the plant worked overtime on hydraulic systems, getting Fred Offenhauser the money and the fatigue to retire. In 1944, Leo Goossen became a full-time Offenhauser employee. Offenhauser produced engine blocks in several sizes; these blocks could be bored out or sleeved to vary the cylinder bore, could be used with crankshafts of various strokes, resulting in a wide variety of engine displacements. Offenhauser made blocks, pistons and crankshafts to specific customer requests. However, certain engine sizes were common, could be considered the "standard" Offenhauser engines: 97 cu in - to meet the displacement rule in many midget series 220 cu in - displacement rule in AAA sprint cars 270 cu in - displacement rule for the Indianapolis 500 under AAA rules 255 cu in - for Indianapolis 252 cu in - displacement rule for Indianapolis under USAC rules 168 cu in - displacement rule for turbocharged engines at Indianapolis 159 cu in - displacement rule for turbocharged engines at Indianapolis See Indianapolis Motor Speedway race results for a more complete list.
In their 11 world championship years, the Meyer-Drake Offenhauser engine partnered for at least one race with the following 35 constructors