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Frank R. McNinch

Frank Ramsay McNinch was born in Charlotte, North Carolina. He was a political figure who served as the mayor of Charlotte, as chairman of the Federal Power Commission, as chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. In the 1928 presidential election, McNinch, a Democrat, supported Republican Herbert Hoover for president. After he was elected, Hoover appointed McNinch to a seat on the Federal Power Commission, leading to a split in the North Carolina Democratic Party that damaged the political fortunes of new U. S. Sen. Cameron Morrison, a friend of McNinch, he was appointed FPC chairman by Franklin D. Roosevelt; the controversial 1938 Orson Welles War of the Worlds radio broadcast occurred during his tenure as FCC head. McNinch resigned as FCC chairman on July 1939, due to ill health, his home, the Frank Ramsay McNinch House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. Flannery, Gerald V.. Commissioners of the FCC, 1927-1994. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. Pp. 55–57.

ISBN 0-8191-9669-X. Charlotte-Mecklenburg website biography Time magazine Chairmen of the FPC and FERC Radio's War of the Worlds Broadcast Frank McNinch Papers: J. Murrey Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte

Johann Plenge

Johann Plenge was a German sociologist. He was professor of political economy at the University of Münster. Professor Plenge was regarded a great authority on Karl Marx, "his work Marx und Hegel marks the beginning of the modern Hegel-renaissance among Marxist scholars." His socialist views became nationalistic, he is regarded one of the most important intellectual forebears of National Socialism. In his book 1789 and 1914 he contrasted the'Ideas of 1789' and the'Ideas of 1914'. Plenge argued: "under the necessity of war socialist ideas have been driven into German economic life, its organisation has grown together into a new spirit, so the assertion of our nation for mankind has given birth to the idea of 1914, the idea of German organisation, the national unity of state socialism". To Plenge, as for many other German nationalists and socialists, organization meant socialism and a planned economy, he regarded the war between Germany and England as a war between opposite principles, believed that the "struggle for victory were new forces born out of the advanced economic life of the nineteenth century: socialism and organization".

Plenge set up the Research Institute for Organisational Studies and Sociology. Ludwig Roselius, a coffee manufacturer, financed this institute in the year 1921 with 250,000 Reichsmark capital stock, 30,000 Marks for basic purchases and another 100,000 Reichsmark for the first five years of operation. Plenge developed a cult of personality around himself, placing a bronze bust of himself in the institute; the philosopher Josef Pieper, became his student and his assistant, although he was threatened with dismissal when he did not show the required degree of hero worship for Plenge. Plenge was Ph. D. advisor of Kurt Schumacher and an ancestor of today's right wing tendency in SPD, the Seeheimer Kreis. Plenge had a strong influence the Marxist theorist and SPD politician Paul Lensch, along nationalistic lines. Westerwälder Hausierer und Hausgänger, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1898 Gründung und Geschichte des Crédit Mobilier. Zwei Kapitel aus Anlagebanken, eine Einleitung in die Theorie des Anlagebankgeschäftes, Laupp, Tübingen 1903 Marx und Hegel, Laupp, Tübingen 1911 Von der Diskontpolitik zur Herrschaft über den Geldmarkt, Berlin 1913 Der Krieg und die Volkswirtschaft, Borgmeyer, Münster 1915 1789 und 1914: Die symbolischen Jahre in der Geschichte des politischen Geistes, Berlin 1916 Die Revolutionierung der Revolutionäre, Der Neue Geist, Leipzig 1918 Durch Umsturz zum Aufbau, Munster i, Westf, 1918 Zur Vertiefung des Sozialismus, Der Neue Geist, Leipzig 1919 Die Altersreife des Abendlandes, Robert Kämmerer, Düsseldorf 1948 Cogito ergo sumus.

Ed. Hanns Linhardt, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964

Joseph Antenucci Becherer

Joseph Antenucci Becherer is an American curator, professor and arts administrator. He is a scholar of Modern and Contemporary sculpture organizing major exhibitions and installations from Auguste Rodin to Jonathan Borofsky, Henry Moore to Magdalena Abakanowicz, Jenny Holzer to Ai Weiwei, he is the Director of the Snite Museum of Art at the University of Notre Dame. He was the Chief Curator and Vice President of Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park in Grand Rapids, where he directed the departments of Sculpture and Sculpture Exhibitions and Annual Exhibitions and Public Relations. Additionally, Becherer served as the Lena Meijer Professor in the History of Art at Aquinas College where he taught courses in Renaissance and Contemporary Art. Becherer attended Catholic schools, he uses the name Antenucci in honor of Rose Antenucci. At Canton Central Catholic he developed a serious interest in literature, he attended Ohio University on scholarship and received a BFA and an MFA in Art History with minors in English Literature and Studio Art.

For several semesters he studied in Rome and London. A seminar on Donatello opened his interest in three dimensional forms, his mentor was Marilyn Bradshaw PhD, a Renaissance scholar, but he wrote his thesis on the Modern painter and printmaker, Georges Rouault. After initial teaching assignments and museum work, he enrolled at Bloomington, he completed his PhD under the direction of Bruce Cole, Distinguished Professor and Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities. His dissertation focused on the foundations of American collecting. Following a period of teaching at Ohio University as a sabbatical replacement, Becherer moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan. During the 1991-1992 academic year he developed an art history program for Grand Rapids Community College, successively served as Department Chair, Assistant Dean and Dean of Arts, Liberal Arts and Social Sciences leading more than 120 faculty. Simultaneous, he did consultation work for the Grand Rapids Art Museum. For the he organized the landmark exhibition, “Pietro Perugino: Master of the Italian Renaissance” in 1997-1998 – the first of its kind anywhere in the world.

After a period of consulting work, Becherer joined Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park in 1999. The organization was only four years old when he became the founding director and curator of the now internationally renowned sculpture program helping to realize the vision of retail magnate and philanthropist, Frederik Meijer. Becherer began teaching upper divisions classes at Aquinas College. At Meijer Gardens, Becherer developed a permanent collection opening in the late 19th century with iconic works by Auguste Rodin, Aristide Maillol, Jacques Lipchitz and Joan Miro, to Louise Nevelson and Barbara Hepworth, Mark di Suvero, Hanneke Beaumont and Beverly Pepper, Richard Serra and Jaume Plensa, Antony Gormley and Louise Bourgeois. In all the collection hosts more than 300 works across the campus including at 25 acre sculpture, but in concert with gardens and natural environments across the 158 acre campus. In 2015, Meijer Gardens opened the Richard and Helen DeVos Japanese Gardens designed by Hoichi Kurisu including iconic works by Anish Kapoor, Jenny Holzer, Zhang Huan and Giuseppe Penone among others.

In addition, he has developed a major collection of works on paper and maquettes for the organization. Thus far, Becherer has organized nearly fifty exhibitions including retrospectives for Jim Dine, Beverly Pepper and George Segal, he has published dozens of books, catalogs and articles. Independently, he lectures and advises on projects across the country, Europe and China. Becherer has served on numerous national and international projects including those commissioning major public works by Dennis Oppenheim and Maya Lin. In 2010-2011, he served as National Chairman of the committee to commission a sculpture of President Gerald R. Ford for the Rotunda of the US Capitol Building, he serves on the Board of the Midwest Art History Society and the Ohio University Alumni Association and advisory boards to the International Sculpture Center. “Ai Weiwei at Meijer Gardens: Natural State”, January 27 – August 20, 2017.“Mimmo Paladino: Present into Past”, February 26 – August 14, 2016.“Connected-Disconnected.

The sculpture of Hanneke Beaumont”, January 2013 - April 2013. “Jonathan Borofsky: Human Structures and the Light of Consciousness”, January – May, 2009.“Outside In - Sculpture for the Natural World”, September - October, 2004 for Carrie Secrist Gallery, Chicago.“Color and Light: Chihuly at the Gardens”, January – May 2003. Dr. Becherer and his wife, have two sons and live in South Bend, Indiana