Billie Joe Armstrong
Billie Joe Armstrong is an American singer, musician, record producer, actor. Armstrong serves as the lead vocalist, primary songwriter, lead guitarist of the punk rock band Green Day, co-founded with Mike Dirnt, he is a guitarist and vocalist for the punk rock band Pinhead Gunpowder, provides lead vocals for Green Day's side projects Foxboro Hot Tubs, The Network and The Longshot. Raised in Rodeo, Armstrong developed an interest in music at a young age, recorded his first song at the age of five, he met Mike Dirnt while attending elementary school, the two bonded over their mutual interest in music, forming the band Sweet Children when the two were 15 years old. The band changed its name to Green Day, would achieve commercial success. Armstrong has pursued musical projects outside of Green Day's work, including numerous collaborations with other musicians. In 1997, to coincide with the release of Nimrod, Armstrong founded Adeline Records in Oakland to help support other bands releasing music, signed bands such as The Frustrators, AFI and Dillinger Four.
The record company came under the management of Pat Magnarella and shut down in August 2017. Armstrong was born in Oakland and raised in nearby Rodeo, the youngest of six children of Ollie Jackson and Andrew M. Armstrong. Armstrong's father, a jazz musician and truck driver for Safeway, died of esophageal cancer in September 1982, when Armstrong was 10; the song "Wake Me Up. He has five older siblings: David, Marci and Anna, his mother worked as waitress at Rod's Hickory Pit restaurant in El Cerrito, where Armstrong and Dirnt played their first gig in 1987. Armstrong's great-great-grandparents Pietro Marsicano and Teresa Nigro were Italian immigrants from Viggiano, Basilicata who moved to Boston, Massachusetts before arriving in Berkeley, California in 1869. For this, he received the honorary citizenship of Viggiano in June 2018 by mayor Amedeo Cicala, he is of Scotch-Irish, Scottish, Spanish and Welsh descent. Armstrong's interest in music started at a young age, he attended Hillcrest Elementary School in Rodeo, where a teacher encouraged him to record a song titled "Look for Love" at the age of five on the Bay Area label Fiat Records.
After his father died, his mother married a man whom her children disliked, which resulted in Armstrong's further retreat into music. At the age of 10, Armstrong met Mike Dirnt in the school cafeteria, they bonded over their love of music, he became interested in punk rock after being introduced to the genre by his brothers. Armstrong has cited Minneapolis-based bands The Replacements and Hüsker Dü as major musical influences; the first concert Armstrong watched was Van Halen in 1984. Armstrong and Dirnt's first live performance under the name Green Day was in Davis, a town an hour's drive northeast of the San Francisco Bay area. Along with Hillcrest Elementary, Armstrong attended Carquinez Middle School and John Swett High School, both in Crockett, transferred to Pinole Valley High School in Pinole. On his 18th birthday, he dropped out to pursue his musical career. In 1986, aged 14, Armstrong formed a band called Sweet Children with his childhood friend Mike Dirnt. In the beginning and Dirnt both played guitar, with Raj Punjabi on drums and Sean Hughes on bass.
Punjabi was replaced on drums by John Kiffmeyer known as Al Sobrante. After a few performances, Hughes left the band in 1988, they changed their name to Green Day in April 1989, choosing the name because of their fondness for marijuana. In 1989, Armstrong provided lead guitar and backing vocals on three songs for The Lookouts' final EP IV; that same year, Green Day released their debut EP 1,000 Hours through Lookout! Records, they recorded their debut studio album 39/Smooth and the extended play Slappy in 1990, which were combined with 1,000 Hours into the compilation 1,039/Smoothed Out Slappy Hours in 1991. Tré Cool became Green Day's drummer in late 1990. Cool made his debut on Kerplunk. In 1991, Armstrong joined the band Pinhead Gunpowder, consisting of bassist Bill Schneider, drummer Aaron Cometbus, fellow vocalist/guitarist Sarah Kirsch. Kirsch left the group in 1992, was replaced by Jason White; the group has released several extended plays and albums from 1991 to the present, performs live shows on an intermittent basis.
In 1993, Armstrong played live several times with California punk band Rancid. Rancid's lead singer, Tim Armstrong, asked Billie Joe Armstrong to join his band, but he refused due to his progress with Green Day. However, Billie Joe Armstrong was credited as a co-writer on Radio. With their third LP, Green Day broke through into the mainstream, have remained one of the most popular rock bands of the 1990s and 2000s with over 60 million records sold worldwide; the album was followed by Insomniac and Warning. Armstrong collaborated with many artists, he co-wrote The Go-Go's 2001 song "Unforgiven". He has co-written songs with Penelope Houston, sung backing vocals with Melissa Auf der Maur on Ryan Adams' "Do Miss America". Armstrong produced an album for The Riverdales, he was part of the Green Day side project The Network from 2003 to 2005. The Network released one album, 2003's Money Money 2020. Hoping to clear his head and develop new ideas fo
Pulp Fiction is a 1994 American crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. Starring John Travolta, Samuel L. Jackson, Bruce Willis, Tim Roth, Ving Rhames, Uma Thurman, it tells several stories of criminal Los Angeles; the film's title refers to the pulp magazines and hardboiled crime novels popular during the mid-20th century, known for their graphic violence and punchy dialogue. Tarantino wrote Pulp Fiction in 1992 and 1993, incorporating scenes that Avary wrote for True Romance, its plot occurs out of chronological order. The film is self-referential from its opening moments, beginning with a title card that gives two dictionary definitions of "pulp". Considerable screen time is devoted to monologues and casual conversations with eclectic dialogue revealing each character's perspectives on several subjects, the film features an ironic combination of humor and strong violence. TriStar Pictures turned down the script as "too demented". Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein was enthralled and the film became the first that Miramax financed.
Pulp Fiction won the Palme d'Or at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival, was a major critical and commercial success. It was nominated for seven Oscars, including Best Picture, won Best Original Screenplay, its development, marketing and profitability had a sweeping effect on independent cinema. Pulp Fiction has been regarded as Tarantino's masterpiece, with particular praise for its screenwriting; the self-reflexivity, unconventional structure, extensive homage and pastiche have led critics to describe it as a touchstone of postmodern film. It is considered a cultural watershed, influencing movies and other media that adopted elements of its style. In 2008, Entertainment Weekly named it the best film since 1983 and it has appeared on many critics' lists of the greatest films made. In 2013, Pulp Fiction was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as "culturally or aesthetically significant". Pulp Fiction's narrative is told out of chronological order, follows three main interrelated stories: Mob contract killer Vincent Vega is the protagonist of the first story, prizefighter Butch Coolidge is the protagonist of the second, Vincent's partner Jules Winnfield is the protagonist of the third.
The film begins with a diner hold-up staged by a couple moves to the stories of Vincent and Butch. It returns to where it began, in the diner. There are a total of seven narrative sequences. Sequences 1 and 7 overlap and are presented from different points of view, as do sequences 2 and 6. According to Philip Parker, the structural form is "an episodic narrative with circular events adding a beginning and end and allowing references to elements of each separate episode to be made throughout the narrative". Other analysts describe the structure as a "circular narrative". Hitmen Jules Winnfield and Vincent Vega arrive at an apartment to retrieve a briefcase for their boss, gangster Marsellus Wallace, from an associate, Brett. After Vincent checks the contents of the briefcase, Jules shoots one of Brett's associates declaims a passage from the Bible before he and Vincent kill Brett for trying to double-cross Marsellus, they take the briefcase to Marsellus, but have to wait while he bribes champion boxer Butch Coolidge to take a dive in his upcoming match.
The next day, Vincent purchases heroin from his drug dealer, Lance. He shoots up drives to meet Marsellus's wife Mia, whom he had agreed to escort while Marsellus was out of town, they eat at a 1950s-themed restaurant and participate in a twist contest return home with the trophy. While Vincent is in the bathroom, Mia finds his heroin, mistakes it for cocaine, snorts it, overdoses. Vincent rushes her to Lance's house. Butch double-crosses wins the bout, accidentally killing his opponent. At the motel where he and his girlfriend Fabienne are lying low and preparing to flee, Butch discovers she has forgotten to pack his father's gold watch, a beloved heirloom, flies into a rage. Returning to his apartment to retrieve the watch, he notices a gun on the kitchen counter and hears the toilet flush. Vincent exits Butch shoots him dead; as Butch waits at a traffic light in his car, Marsellus spots him by chance and chases him into a pawnshop. The owner, captures them at gunpoint and ties them up in the basement.
Maynard is joined by a security guard. Butch knocks out the gimp, he decides to save Marsellus, returning with a katana from the pawnshop. He kills Maynard. Marsellus informs Butch that they are as long as he tells no one about the rape and departs Los Angeles forever. Butch picks up Fabienne on Zed's chopper. Earlier, after Vincent and Jules have executed Brett in his apartment, another man bursts out of the bathroom and shoots at them wildly, missing every time. Jules professe
University at Albany, SUNY
The State University of New York at Albany referred to as University at Albany, SUNY Albany or UAlbany, is a public research university with campuses in the New York cities of Albany and Rensselaer and the Town of Guilderland, United States. Founded in 1844, it carries out undergraduate and graduate education and service, it is a part of the State University of New York system. The university has three campuses: the Uptown Campus in Albany and Guilderland, the Downtown Campus in Albany, the Health Sciences Campus in the City of Rensselaer, just across the Hudson River; the university enrolls 17,944 students in nine schools and colleges, which offer 50 undergraduate majors and 125 graduate degree programs. The university's academic choices include new and emerging fields in public policy, homeland security, documentary studies, bio-instrumentation, informatics. Through the UAlbany and SUNY-wide exchange programs, students have more than 600 study-abroad programs to choose from, as well as government and business internship opportunities in New York's capital and surrounding region.
The Honors College, which opened in fall 2006, offers opportunities for well-prepared students to work with faculty. The UAlbany faculty had $103.0 million in research expenditures in 2016-17. For work advancing discovery in a wide range of fields; the research enterprise is in four areas: social science, public policy, life sciences and atmospheric sciences. SUNY Albany offers many cultural benefits, such as a contemporary art museum and the New York State Writers Institute. UAlbany plays a major role in the economic development of the Capital New York State. An economic impact study in 2004 estimated UAlbany's economic impact to be $1.1 billion annually in New York State — $1 billion of that in the Capital Region The University at Albany was an independent state-supported teachers' college for most of its history until SUNY was formed in 1948. The institution began as the New York State Normal School on May 7, 1844, by a vote of the State Legislature. Beginning with 29 students and four faculty in an abandoned railroad depot on State Street in the heart of the city, the Normal School was the first New York State-chartered institution of higher education.
Dedicated to training New York students as schoolteachers and administrators, by the early 1890s the “School” had become the New York State Normal College at Albany and, with a revised four-year curriculum in 1905, became the first public institution of higher education in New York to be granted the power to confer the bachelor's degree. A new campus — today, UAlbany's Downtown Campus — was built in 1909 on a site of 4.5 acres between Washington and Western avenues. By 1913, the institution was home to 590 students and 44 faculty members, offered a master's degree for the first time, bore a new name — the New York State College for Teachers at Albany. Enrollment grew to a peak of 1,424 in 1932. By this time, the College for Teachers, or "Albany State" as it was called for short, had developed a curriculum similar to those found at four-year liberal arts colleges, but it did not abandon its primary focus on training teachers. In 1948 the State University of New York system was created, with the College for Teachers and the state's other teacher-training schools as the nuclei.
SUNY, including the Albany campus, became a manifestation of the vision of Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller, who wanted a public university system to accommodate the college students of the post–World War II baby boom. To do so, he launched a massive construction program. Reflecting a broadening mission, the College for Teachers changed its name to SUNY College of Education at Albany in 1959. In 1961, it became a full-fledged four-year liberal arts college as the State University College at Albany. In 1962, the State University College was designated a doctoral-degree granting university center of SUNY as the State University of New York at Albany; the same year, Rockefeller broke ground for the current Uptown Campus on the former site of the Albany Country Club. The new campus's first dormitory opened in 1964, the first classes on the academic podium in the fall of 1966. By 1970, a year beyond the university's 125th anniversary, enrollment had grown to 13,200 and the faculty to 746; that same year the growing protest movement against the Vietnam war engulfed the university when a student strike was called for in response to the killing of protesters at Kent State.
The Uptown Campus, designed by architect Edward Durell Stone, accommodated this growth and gave visible evidence of the school's transition from a teachers college to a broad-based liberal arts university. The Downtown Campus became dedicated to the fields of public policy: criminal justice, public affairs, information science and social welfare. In 1985, the university added the School of Public Health, a joint endeavor with the state's Department of Health. In 1983, the New York State Writers Institute was founded by Pulitzer Prize-winning author William Kennedy; as of 2013, the Institute had hosted, over time, more than 1,200 writers, journalists, historians and filmmakers. The list includes eight Nobel Prize winners, nearly 200 Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award winners, several Motion Picture Academy Award winners and nominees, numerous other literary prize recipients. In addition, the institute has hosted up-and-coming writers to provide them with exposure at the beginning of their writing careers.
During the 1990s, the university built a $3 billion, 450,000-square-foot Albany NanoTech complex, extending the Uptown Campus westward. By 2006, it became home to the College of Nanoscale Science an
Born on the Fourth of July (film)
Born on the Fourth of July is a 1989 American biographical war drama film based on the eponymous 1976 autobiography by Ron Kovic. Directed by Oliver Stone, written by Stone and Kovic, it stars Tom Cruise, Kyra Sedgwick, Raymond J. Barry, Jerry Levine, Frank Whaley and Willem Dafoe; the film depicts the life of Kovic over a 20-year period, detailing his childhood, his military service and paralysis during the Vietnam War, his transition to anti-war activism. It is the second installment in Stone's trilogy of films about the Vietnam War, following Platoon and preceding Heaven & Earth. Producer Martin Bregman acquired the film rights to the book in 1976 and hired Stone a Vietnam veteran, to co-write the screenplay with Kovic; when Stone optioned the book in 1978, the film adaptation became mired in development hell, resulted in him and Kovic putting the film on hold. After the release of Platoon, the project was revived at Universal Pictures, with Stone attached to direct. Shot on locations in the Philippines and Inglewood, principal photography took place from October 1988 to December, lasting 65 days of filming.
The film went over its initial $14 million production budget, ended up costing $17.8 million after reshoots. Upon release, Born on the Fourth of July was praised by critics for its story, Cruise's performance and Stone's direction; the film was successful at the box office as it grossed over $161 million worldwide, becoming the tenth highest-grossing film of 1989. At the 62nd Academy Awards, it received eight nominations, including Best Picture and Best Actor, won for Best Director and Best Film Editing; the film won four Golden Globe Awards for Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, Best Director and Best Screenplay. The film opens in 1956 Massapequa, New York, with a 10-year-old Ron Kovic playing with his friends in a forest. On his Fourth of July birthday, he attends an Independence Day parade with his family and best friend Donna. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy's televised inaugural address inspires a teenage Ron to join the United States Marine Corps. After attending an impassioned lecture by two Marine recruiters visiting his high school, he enlists.
His decision upsets his father, an Armed Forces veteran. Ron goes to his prom, dances with Donna before leaving for basic training. In October 1967, Ron is now a Marine sergeant on a reconnaissance mission in Vietnam, during his second tour of duty, he and his unit kill a number of Vietnamese villagers after mistaking them for enemy combatants. After encountering enemy fire, they abandon its sole survivor, a crying baby. During the retreat, Ron accidentally kills a young private in his platoon, he reports the action to his superior, who ignores the claim and advises him not to say anything else. In January 1968, Ron is rescued by a fellow Marine. Paralyzed from the mid-chest down, he spends several months in recovery at the Bronx Veterans Hospital in New York; the hospital's conditions are poor. Against his doctors' requests, Ron tries to walk again with the use of braces and crutches, only to damage his legs and confine himself permanently to a wheelchair. In 1969, Ron returns home and turns to alcohol after feeling neglected and disillusioned.
During an Independence Day parade, Ron is asked to give a speech, but is unable to finish after he hears a crying baby in the crowd and has a flashback to Vietnam. Ron visits Donna in New York, where the two reminisce. While attending a vigil for the victims of the Kent State shootings, they are separated when Donna and other protestors are taken away by police for demonstrating against the Vietnam War. In Massapequa, a drunken Ron has a heated argument with his mother, his father decides to send him to Villa Duce, a Mexican haven for wounded Vietnam veterans, he has his first sexual encounter with a prostitute, whom he falls for until he sees her with another customer. Ron befriends Charlie, another paraplegic, the two decide to travel to another village after getting kicked out of a bar. After annoying their taxicab driver, they are stranded on the side of the road and argue with each other, they are picked up by a truck driver. Ron travels to Armstrong, where he discovers Wilson's tombstone.
He visits the fallen soldier's family in Georgia to confess his guilt. Wilson's widow Jamie expresses that she is unable to forgive Ron, while his parents are more sympathetic. In 1972, Ron joins the organization Vietnam Veterans Against the War, travels to the Republican National Convention in Miami, Florida; as Richard Nixon is giving an acceptance speech for his presidential nomination, Ron expresses to a news reporter his hatred for the war and the government for abandoning the American people. His comments enrage Nixon supporters, his interview is cut short when police attempt to remove and arrest him and other protestors. Ron and the veterans manage to break free from the officers and charge the hall again, though not successfully. In 1976, Ron delivers a public address at the Democratic National Convention in New York City, following the publication of his autobiography. Al Pacino expressed interest in portraying Ron Kovic after watching the Vietnam veteran's televised appearance at the 1976 Democratic National Convention and reading his autobigraphy.
He turned down starring roles in the Vietnam War-themed films Coming Home and Apocalypse Now, the former for which Kovic would act as a consultant. Kovic met with Pacino in New York, where they dis
Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel Leroy Jackson is an American actor and film producer. A recipient of critical acclaim and numerous accolades and awards, Jackson is the actor whose films have made the highest total gross revenue, he came to prominence in the early 1990s with films such as Goodfellas, Jungle Fever, Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance, Jurassic Park and his collaborations with director Quentin Tarantino including Pulp Fiction, Jackie Brown, Django Unchained, The Hateful Eight. He is a prolific actor, having appeared in over 100 films, including Die Hard with a Vengeance, A Time to Kill, The Long Kiss Goodnight, The Negotiator, Deep Blue Sea, Shaft, XXX, Snakes on a Plane, Kong: Skull Island and the Star Wars prequel trilogy. With Jackson's permission, his likeness was used for the Ultimate version of the Marvel Comics character Nick Fury, he has subsequently played Fury in the Marvel Cinematic Universe films Iron Man, Iron Man 2, Captain America: The First Avenger, The Avengers, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Avengers: Infinity War, Captain Marvel and will reprise his role in Spider-Man: Far From Home, as well as the TV show Marvel's Agents of S.
H. I. E. L. D. Jackson has provided his voice to several animated films, television series and video games, including the roles of Lucius Best / Frozone in Pixar Animation Studios' films The Incredibles and Incredibles 2, Mace Windu in Star Wars: The Clone Wars, Whiplash in Turbo, Afro Samurai in the anime television series Afro Samurai, Frank Tenpenny in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Jackson is married to LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has Zoe. Jackson is ranked as the highest all-time box office star with over $5.15 billion total US box office gross, an average of $70.5 million per film. The worldwide box office total of his films is over $12 billion, he became the top-grossing actor in October 2011. Jackson was born in Washington, D. C. the son of Elizabeth and Roy Henry Jackson. He grew up as an only child in Tennessee, his father lived away from the family in Kansas City and died from alcoholism. Jackson met his father only twice during his life. Jackson was raised by his mother, a factory worker and a supplies buyer for a mental institution, by his maternal grandparents and extended family.
According to DNA tests, Jackson descends from the Benga people of Gabon. Jackson graduated from Riverside High School in Chattanooga. Between the third and 12th grades, he trumpet in the school orchestra. Jackson played the flute and piccolo. During childhood, he had a stuttering problem. While he learned to "pretend to be other people who didn't stutter" and use the curse word motherfucker as an affirmation word, he still has days where he stutters. Intent on pursuing a degree in marine biology, he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia. After joining a local acting group to earn extra points in a class, Jackson found an interest in acting and switched his major. Before graduating in 1972, he co-founded the "Just Us Theatre". After the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Jackson attended the funeral in Atlanta as one of the ushers. Jackson flew to Memphis to join an equal rights protest march. In a Parade interview Jackson revealed: "I was angry about the assassination, but I wasn't shocked by it.
I knew that change was going to take something different – not sit-ins, not peaceful coexistence."In 1969, Jackson and several other students held members of the Morehouse College board of trustees hostage on the campus, demanding reform in the school's curriculum and governance. The college agreed to change its policy, but Jackson was charged with and convicted of unlawful confinement, a second-degree felony. Jackson was suspended for two years for his criminal record and his actions, he would return to the college to earn his Bachelor of Arts in Drama in 1972. While he was suspended, Jackson was employed as a social worker in Los Angeles. Jackson decided to return to Atlanta, where he met with Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, others active in the Black Power movement. Jackson revealed in the same Parade interview that he began to feel empowered with his involvement in the movement when the group began buying guns. However, before Jackson could become involved with any significant armed confrontation, his mother sent him to Los Angeles after the FBI told her that he would die within a year if he remained with the Black Power movement.
In a 2018 interview with Vogue he denied having been a member of the Black Panther Party. Jackson majored in marine biology at Morehouse College before switching to architecture, he settled on drama after taking a public speaking class and appearing in a version of The Threepenny Opera. Jackson began acting in multiple plays, including A Soldier's Play, he appeared in several television films, made his feature film debut in the blaxploitation independent film Together for Days. After these initial roles, Jackson moved from Atlanta to New York City in 1976 and spent the next decade appearing in stage plays, including the premiers of The Piano Lesson and Two Trains Running at the Yale Repertory Theater. Jackson developed addictions to alcohol and cocaine, which prevented him from procee
2007 Toronto International Film Festival
The 2007 Toronto International Film Festival was a 32nd annual film festival held in Toronto, Canada. It ran from September 6, 2007 to September 15, 2007; the lineup consisted of 349 films from 55 countries, selected from 4156 submissions. The selection included 275 mid- to feature-length films, of which 234 were premieres, with 71 by first-time directors; the festival was attended by members of the industry and general public. It opened with the world premiere of Jeremy Podeswa's Fugitive Pieces, a film based on the international bestselling novel by Anne Michaels, closed with Paolo Barzman's Emotional Arithmetic. Critical favourites included No Country for Old Men, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly and 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days which were well received at the Cannes Film Festival, plus the Joy Division biopic Control which, along with the eponymously titled documentary on the band, Joy Division, was picked up by The Weinstein Company. Peter Howell of the Toronto Star named Sidney Lumet's Before the Devil Knows You're Dead a major Oscar contender.
The audience favourite, David Cronenberg's Eastern Promises, won the top prize at the festival. The New York Times pointed out. Discussed but divisive films among the public and critics include comedies Juno and Margot at the Wedding, the Bob Dylan biopic I'm Not There and Brian De Palma's Iraq War documentary Redacted. Films expected to stir controversy for their transgressive sexual content, such as Ang Lee's Lust, Alan Ball's Nothing Is Private and Martin Gero's Young People Fucking, did divide audiences but without fanfare; the Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford and Across the Universe both won their share of supporters despite previous reports of shooting delays and director-studio clashes. Chris Chong Chan Fui's POOL won the Award for Best Canadian Short Film Stéphane Lafleur's Continental, a Film Without Guns won the Citytv Award for Best Canadian First Feature Film Guy Maddin's My Winnipeg won the Toronto-City Award for Best Canadian Feature Film Israel Cárdenas and Laura Amelia Guzmán's Cochochi won the DIESEL Discovery Award Anahí Berneri's Encarnación won the Artistic Innovation Award Rodrigo Plá's La Zona won the Prize of the International Critics David Cronenberg's Eastern Promises won the Cadillac People's Choice AwardJason Reitman's Juno was first runner-up Ellen Spiro and Phil Donahue's Body of War was second runner-upIn addition, film director and historian Peter Bogdanovich was awarded the International Federation of Film Archives Award for his contribution towards film preservation.
The award was presented at a screening of Jean Renoir's Grand Illusion which Bogdanovich selected to illustrate the importance of film restoration. The Canada First! programme features first or second time Canadian film directors and established Canadian filmmakers who have not appeared in the festival. Eight films were selected to appear in the festival. Stéphane Lafleur's directorial debut Continental, a Film Without Guns won the Citytv Award for Best Canadian First Feature Film and a CDN$15 000 bursary. Amal directed by Richie Mehta Continental, a Film Without Guns directed by Stéphane Lafleur Just Buried directed by Chaz Thorne Mona's Daughters directed by Rafaël Ouellet They Wait directed by Ernie Barbarash This Beautiful City directed by Ed Gass-Donnelly Walk All Over Me directed by Robert Cuffley Young People Fucking directed by Martin Gero The Canadian Open Vault programme features a restored and iconic Canadian film. Quebec-based filmmaker Francis Mankiewicz's Good Riddance was selected.
The film has won eight Genie Awards and appeared on every Canada's Ten Best film survey. Good Riddance directed by Francis Mankiewicz The Canadian Retrospective programme features a section of films representing an aspect of the history of Canadian cinema, it was the seventh year. Influential Québécois filmmaker Michel Brault was spotlighted through nine films he directed or shot, he has been credited for his visual style and creating some of the most important films to come from Quebec. In conjunction, the Toronto International Film Festival Group published a book on Brault, Cinema as History: Michel Brault and Modern Quebec by Andre Loiselle. Acadia Acadia?!? Directed by Michel Brault and Pierre Perrault Chronicle of a Summer directed by Edgar Morin and Jean Rouch Drifting Upstream directed by Michel Brault Geneviève directed by Michel Brault Wrestling directed by Claude Fournier, Marcel Carrière, Claude Jutra and Michel Brault The Paper Wedding directed by Michel Brault Orders directed by Michel Brault The Moon Trap directed by Pierre Perrault and Michel Brault The Snowshoers directed by Gilles Groulx and Michel Brault The Contemporary World Cinema programme features films from around the world.
It included prize-winning films from other festivals. Sixty-two films were selected, including eight from Canada. All Hat directed by Leonard Farlinger American Venus directed by Bruce Sweeney And Along Come Tourists directed by Robert Thalheim Before I Forget directed by Jacques Nolot The Band's Visit directed by Eran Kolirin The Banishment by Andrey Zvyagintsev Barcelona directed by Ventura Pons Battle for Haditha directed by Nick Broomfield Breakfast with Scot directed by Laurie Lynd Brick Lane directed by Sarah Gav