U.S. Route 52
U. S. Route 52 is a major United States highway in the central United States that extends from the northern to southeastern region of the United States. Contrary to most other even-numbered U. S. Highways, US 52 follows a northwest–southeast route, is signed north–south or east–west depending on the local orientation of the route; the highway's northwestern terminus is at Portal, North Dakota, on the Canadian border, where it continues as Saskatchewan Highway 39. Its southeastern terminus is in Charleston, South Carolina, at Number 2 Meeting Street and White Point Gardens along the Charleston Harbor. In North Dakota, US 52 continues from Highway 39 from the Canada–United States border at North Portal and Portal, North Dakota to the Red River in Fargo, a distance of 361 miles. US 52 is co-signed with US 2 near Minot, where it intersects with US 83. US 52 is co-signed with US 281 for 44 miles between Jamestown and Carrington. US 52 is concurrent with Interstate 94 between Jamestown and the Minnesota state line, co-signed between Jamestown and Fargo.
In the state of Minnesota, US 52 enters the state with Interstate 94 at Moorhead and follows Interstate 94 southeast all the way to the Twin Cities. The portion of the highway which overlaps Interstate 94 is unsigned. From downtown St. Paul, US 52 continues on its own southeast to the Iowa state line. MnDOT has a long-term goal of making US 52 a freeway with limited-access interchanges between St. Paul and Interstate 90 south of Rochester. South from Interstate 94 in St. Paul there is a freeway segment to just south of Concord Blvd in Inver Grove Heights; the portion of the highway between Inver Grove Heights and Pine Island is built to expressway standards. Another freeway segment begins from Pine Island, through Rochester, toward I-90; the highway proceeds to the Iowa state line. US 52 enters Iowa north of the unincorporated community of Burr Oak, it passes by Luther College on the west side of Decorah. At Calmar the road turns to a southwest–northeast orientation, it joins with US 18 just to the west of Postville.
The two highways overlap until a point east of the unincorporated community of Froelich. US 52 parallels the Mississippi River for the rest of its path through Iowa. At Luxemburg it turns east; the two highways run together to downtown Dubuque, where it intersects US 61 and US 151. South of Dubuque, US 52, US 61, US 151 share a freeway routing until US 52 departs in Key West to remain close to the Mississippi River. Just west of Sabula the highway turns to an east–west orientation at the junction of Iowa Highway 64 and the northern terminus of US 67. In Sabula, the highway becomes a wrong-way road. North of Dubuque, Iowa, US 52 is routed on to a narrow and winding road. While scenic, the road has been the scene of numerous accidents over the years owing to this nature. Between 1964 and 1967, this segment of the route was called Alternate US 52 and US 52 was rerouted south from Luxemburg to Dyersville along Iowa Highway 136, east from Dyersville to Dubuque along US 20. After the completion of the Southwest Arterial in 2019, a similar alignment change will take place as US 52 will no longer follow the winding Iowa Highway 3 route, instead share Iowa Highway 136 and US 20 to the intersection of the new four-lane Southwest Arterial and head southwest to US 61/US 151, where it would be linked to the existing highway US 52, continuing on to Bellevue and Sabula.
The entire length of US 52 in Iowa is located within the unglaciated Driftless Area. In Illinois, US 52 runs southeast from the Dale Gardner Veterans Memorial Bridge at the terminus of Iowa Highway 64 and Illinois Route 64 in Savanna, passing through the cities of Dixon and Mendota. US 52 turns due south and east, crossing Interstate 39 near Troy Grove, it continues east, passing through Shorewood and through the southern portion of Joliet, where it is a major thoroughfare in the city of Joliet, avoiding the city of Chicago proper. It joins with U. S. Route 45 through Kankakee, runs concurrently with U. S. Route 24, east of Watseka to the Indiana state line. In Indiana, US 52 runs in a northwest-southeast direction, it passes through Indianapolis. Northwest of Indianapolis, US 52 runs along the same general area as, is considered an alternative route to, Interstate 65. In the Indianapolis area, it is overlapped with Interstate 865 and Interstate 465. East of Indianapolis, it is considered an alternative to Interstate 74 before joining it near the Ohio border.
When U. S. 52 went through Downtown Indianapolis, it went onto Brookville Road turned right onto English Avenue. It joined U. S. 421. US 52/421 joined U. S. 40 when it turned left onto Washington Street. It splits into Washington Street and Maryland Street. US 52 turned right onto West Street. U. S. 52 turned left on either Indiana 16th Street. U. S. 52 would overlap U. S. 136 on 16th Street. It turned right onto Lafayette Road, which became Indianapolis Road when reaching Zionsville; when I-65 was completed through Downtown Indianapolis, U. S. 52 got on I-65 from the Lafayette Road interchange, traveled on I-65 the rest of the way. In 1970, the route was re-routed onto the south belt of I-465 from Brookville Road to I-65, it was re-routed again on its current rou
Dearborn County, Indiana
Dearborn County is one of 92 counties of the U. S. state of Indiana located on the Ohio border near the southeast corner of the state. It was formed in 1803 from a portion of Ohio. In 2010, the population was 50,047; the county seat and largest city is Lawrenceburg. Dearborn County is part of OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the western boundary of Ohio had been determined by the Greenville Treaty Line of 1795. In 1803 a wedge, or pie shaped, piece of land in Hamilton County east of the treaty line along Ohio's southwestern border was ceded to the Indiana Territory, it became Dearborn County. All or part of seven other present day counties were carved from the original county with the present boundaries being established in 1845; the "Gore" area slices through the present-day counties of Dearborn, Ohio, Switzerland, Union and Fayette. Subdivision of Dearborn County began in 1811 with the formation of Franklin and Wayne Counties, followed by Switzerland in 1814, it was named for Gen. Henry Dearborn.
Dearborn was U. S. Secretary of War at the time the county was named. Early growth was centered on Lawrenceburg, an important railroad junction connecting two of the regions major rail lines. Lawrenceburg was designated as the county seat. However, from the start, a contention existed between the towns of Lawrenceburg and Rising Sun over that designation; the contention between the two towns was resolved in 1844 when the Indiana State legislature separated the portion of Dearborn County south of Laughery Creek and created the new county of Ohio on March 1, 1844, with Rising Sun designated as its county seat. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 307.42 square miles, of which 305.03 square miles is land and 2.38 square miles is water. Part of the southeastern county line is formed by the Ohio River. Dearborn County contains the Perfect North Slopes ski resort. Aurora Lawrenceburg Greendale Dillsboro Moores Hill Saint Leon West Harrison Bright Hidden Valley Franklin County Butler County, Ohio Hamilton County, Ohio Boone County, Kentucky Ohio County Ripley County In recent years, average temperatures in Lawrenceburg have ranged from a low of 21 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in July 1988.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches in September to 5.53 inches in May. At the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,047 people, 18,743 households and 13,773 families residing in the county; the population density was 164.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 20,171 housing units at an average density of 66.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.3% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.5% were German, 19.2% were Irish, 11.4% were English, 7.8% were American. Of the 18,743 households, 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.5% were non-families, 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.
The median age was 40.0 years. The median household income was $47,697 and the median family income was $66,561. Males had a median income of $45,270 and females $33,353; the per capita income was $25,023. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners.
The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: Dearborn County's courts consist of a Circuit Court and two Superior Courts. Judges are elected to six-year terms. Lawrenceburg and Aurora have City Courts. Judges there serve four-year terms. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, prosecuting attorney, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk; each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county. Dearborn County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district. Interstate 74
Interstate 74 is an Interstate Highway in the midwestern and southeastern United States. Its western end is at an interchange with Interstate 80 in Iowa; the major cities that I-74 connects to includes Iowa. I-74 exists as several disconnected sections of highways in North Carolina. In the state of Iowa, Interstate 74 runs south from Interstate 80 for 5.36 miles before crossing into Illinois on the Interstate 74 Bridge. North of the Mississippi River, I-74 bisects Davenport. In the state of Illinois, Interstate 74 runs south from Moline to Galesburg. I-74 continues southeast to the Champaign-Urbana area, intersecting with Interstate 57; the interstate runs east past Danville at the Illinois-Indiana state line. U. S. Route 150 parallels Interstate 74 in Illinois for its entire length, save the last few miles on the eastern end, where it parallels U. S. Route 136. In the state of Indiana, Interstate 74 runs east from the Illinois state line to the Crawfordsville area before turning southeast, it runs around the city center of Indianapolis along Interstate 465.
Once I-74 reaches the southeast side of Indianapolis it diverges from I-465 and continues to the southeast. It enters Ohio in Harrison, Ohio. In the state of Ohio, Interstate 74 runs southeast from the Indiana border to the western segment's current eastern terminus at Interstate 75 just north of downtown Cincinnati, it is signed with U. S. Route 52 for its entire length. While planned to continue through West Virginia and Virginia to the Interstate 74 section in North Carolina, the route remains unsigned or unbuilt past Cincinnati. At this point, I-74 would follow U. S. Route 52 east from Cincinnati and the current Interstate 74. In the state of North Carolina, as of the end of 2018 I-74 exists in several segments, starting with a concurrency with I-77 at the Virginia border; this includes the most western portion from Interstate 77 to US 52 just south of Mount Airy, a segment co-signed as US 311, first opened to traffic as a bypass of High Point bypass extended west to I-40 east of Winston-Salem and east to Interstate 73 near Randleman another along the southern segment of Interstate 73 and U.
S. Route 220 from just north of Asheboro to south of Ellerbe, a more eastern segment that runs from Laurinburg to an end at NC 41 near Lumberton; the latest segment to be signed, from I-40 to High Point, occurred after the federal government approved signing this section as I-74 in the summer of 2013, despite the highway not being up to current interstate standards. It was uncertain why the Federal Highway Administration made an exception, but this might have been the result of a misinterpretation when a state highway administrator asked for interstate designation for another section and "Future Interstate" for the section completed that did not meet standards; the 1991 plan to build Interstate 73 soon included an extension of I-74 from where it ended in Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth, Ohio along Ohio State Route 32. In November 1991, the United States Congress passed the $151 billion Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act that included the I-73/74 North-South Corridor and made I-73 a priority and included an extension of I-74 from Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth.
On August 31, 1992, the Ohio Turnpike Commission passed a resolution to study making the extension of I-74 a toll road. Congress had authorized paying for 80 percent of the cost, but the state would have to pay the remainder of the $56 million, it was estimated that improving US 52 to interstate standards in West Virginia would cost $2 billion. Still, by 1994, improvements to US 52 were planned, future plans called for I-73 to follow that route; the I-74 extension seemed more certain. The Ohio Turnpike Commission proposed that the extension run along Ohio State Route 32. Long-range plans call for I-74 to continue east and south of Cincinnati to North Carolina using OH 32 from Cincinnati to Piketon and the proposed I-73 from Portsmouth through West Virginia to I-77, it would follow I-77 through Virginia into North Carolina, where I-74 splits from Interstate 77 near the Virginia state line and runs eastward to northwest U. S. Route 52, which it will follow to Winston-Salem along U. S. Route 311 through High Point to I-73.
I-73 and I-74 overlap to Rockingham. In 1996 AASHTO approved the signing of highways as I-74 along its proposed path east of I-81 in Wytheville, where those highways meet Interstate Highway standards. North Carolina started putting up I-74 signs along its roadways in 1997; as of October 2009, Interstate 74 remains unbuilt in the state of West Virginia. WVDOT is upgrading the Tolsia Highway to four lanes, but not to Interstate Highway standards; as of December 2008, Interstate 74 is proposed to follow the path of Interstate 77 through the state of Virginia, but remains unsigned from the West Virginia border to the North Carolina border. Two sections of I-74 in North Carolina are under construction; these include building the first part of a bypass of Rockingham with Interstate 73 by reconstructing US 220 to interstate standards for 4 miles south of Ellerbe and is scheduled to be completed in 2018 and the first
Hamilton County, Ohio
Hamilton County is a county in the southwest corner of the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 802,374. Making it the third-most populous county in Ohio; the county seat is Cincinnati. The county is named for the first Secretary of Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton County is part of OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the southern portion of Hamilton County was owned and surveyed by John Cleves Symmes, the region was a part of the Symmes Purchase. The first settlers rafted down the Ohio River in 1788 following the American Revolutionary War, they established the towns of Losantiville, North Bend, Columbia. Hamilton County was organized in 1790 by order of Arthur St. Clair, governor of the Northwest Territory, as the second county in the Northwest Territory. Cincinnati was named as the seat. Residents named the county in honor of Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury of the United States and a founder of the Federalist Party, its original boundaries were those defined for the Symmes purchase contract in 1788: the Ohio River in the South, Great Miami River to the west, the Lesser Miami River to the east, the Cayuhoga River to the North.
Its area included about one-eighth of Ohio, had about 2,000 inhabitants. The county was expanded in 1792 to include what is today the lower peninsula of Michigan. Since 1796, other counties were created from Hamilton; the county was the location of much of the Northwest Indian War both before and after its organization. The United States persuaded most of the Shawnee and other Indian peoples to move to locations west of the Mississippi River in the 1820s. Rapid growth occurred during the 1830s and 1840s as the area attracted many German and Irish immigrants after the Great Famine in Ireland and the revolutions in Germany in 1848. During the Civil War, Morgan's Raid passed through the northern part of the county during the summer of 1863. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 413 square miles, of which 406 square miles is land and 6.7 square miles is water. The county lies in a region of gentle hills formed by the slopes of the Ohio River valley and its tributaries.
The Great Miami River, the Little Miami River, the Mill Creek contribute to this system of hillsides and valleys. No occurring lakes exist, but three major manmade lakes are part of the Great Parks of Hamilton County; the largest lake by far is Winton Woods Lake, covering 188 surface acres, followed by Miami Whitewater Lake, covering 85 surface acres, Sharon Lake, covering 36 surface acres. The county boundaries include the lowest point in Ohio, in Miami Township, where the Ohio River flows out of Ohio and into Indiana; this is the upper pool elevation behind the Markland Dam, 455 feet above sea level. The highest land elevation in Hamilton County is the Rumpke Sanitary Landfill at 1,045 feet above sea level in Colerain Township. Butler County – north Warren County – northeast Clermont County – east Boone County, Kentucky – southwest Kenton County, Kentucky – south Campbell County, Kentucky – southeast Dearborn County, Indiana – west As of the 2000 census, there were 845,303 people, 346,790 households, 212,582 families residing in the county.
The population density was 2,075 people per square mile. There were 373,393 housing units at an average density of 917 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 69.2% White, 26.0% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. 2.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 346,790 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.40% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.70% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,964, the median income for a family was $53,449. Males had a median income of $39,842 versus $28,550 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,053. About 8.80% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 802,374 people, 333,945 households, 197,571 families residing in the county; the population density was 1,976.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 377,364 housing units at an average density of 929.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 68.8% white, 25.7% black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 31.0% were German, 14.7% were Irish, 7.7% were English, 6.6% were American. Of the 333,945 households, 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 40
Union County, Indiana
Union County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 7,516; the county seat is Liberty. Union County was formed in 1821, it was so named because it is the product of a union of parts of Fayette and Wayne counties. The first settlers were from South Carolina. John Templeton was the first settler to enter land at the Cincinnati land office in what would become Harmony Township, Union County Indiana; the first county seat was Brownsville, a small town located on the East Fork of the Whitewater River. The seat was moved in 1824 to a central location; the primary industry of Union County is farming. Union County is the birthplace of Thomas Warren Bennett, Mary Alice Smith, Cincinnatus Hiner "Joaquin" Miller, Jay Hall Connaway, Major General Frederick Leroy Martin and Ambrose Burnside. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 165.18 square miles, of which 161.22 square miles is land and 3.95 square miles is water. Wayne County Preble County, Ohio Butler County, Ohio Franklin County Fayette County Liberty West College Corner Brownsville Center Harmony Harrison Liberty Union U.
S. Route 27 Indiana State Road 44 Indiana State Road 101 Indiana State Road 227 In recent years, average temperatures in Liberty have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −31 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in September 1951. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.68 inches in September to 4.90 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes.
Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a circuit court that can handle all case types; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level appeals court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk; each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. People elected to county government positions are required to be residents of the county; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,516 people, 2,938 households, 2,117 families residing in the county.
The population density was 46.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,239 housing units at an average density of 20.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.3% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.2% were German, 16.0% were Irish, 11.9% were English, 11.6% were American. Of the 2,938 households, 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.9% were non-families, 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 40.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $49,815. Males had a median income of $39,603 versus $27,394 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $19,243. About 8.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over. Union County is served by the Union County–College Corner Joint School District, the only joint state school district in the state. Ambrose Everett Burnside, American soldier, railroad executive, inventor and politician Thomas W. Bennett, governor of Idaho Territory 1871-1875. Hiram Rhodes Revels, first African-American member of the US Senate, representing Mississippi 1870-1871. Bill Bartlett, Former Guitarist for Ram Jam Jay Hall Connaway, Realist Painter Mary Alice Smith, aka Little Orphant Annie Bob Jenkins, former television and radio sports announcer for ESPN/ABC Sports National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, Indiana Edward E. Moore, Indiana state senator and Los Angeles City Council member
Butler County, Ohio
Butler County is a county in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 368,130, its county seat is Hamilton. It is named for General Richard Butler. Located along the Miami River, it is home to Miami University, an Ohio public university, founded in 1809 as the second university in the State of Ohio. Butler County is part of OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the majority of the county is in District 52 of the State House. Successive cultures of ancient Indigenous peoples of the Americas occupied areas of the county, they built large earthworks, seven of which were still standing and recorded by a Smithsonian survey. Early French explorers passed through the area along the Miami River; the gravesites of David and Margaret Gregory indicate they were some of the first white settlers in the area in Liberty Township. White settlers began moving into the area in larger numbers after the 1793 Treaty of Greenville was signed with the Native Americans of the area. Butler County was formed on March 1803 from portions of Hamilton County.
It is named for General Richard Butler. Between 1803 and 1823, the townships of the county became recognized. Large portions of the county were held by non-resident owners, including 640 acres owned by future President William H Harrison; some land, part of Butler County was reassigned to Warren County in the north and Hamilton County to the south. Butler County's original size was 480 sq miles; the Great Flood of 1913 affected much of the county the communities of Middletown, Ohio where 25% of the town was flooded and 6 people died and Hamilton, where 46% of the city was flooded, over 300 buildings destroyed, at least 98 people killed. In the 1920s, Butler and Washington counties were central areas of the rural membership of the Ku Klux Klan in Ohio. In 1957 the Ohio Legislature established Hueston Woods State Park, which covers 3,596 acres in Butler and neighboring Preble County. In addition to a 625-acre manmade lake, the park contains the 200-acre Hueston Woods, one of the last near-virgin growths of American beech and maple in Ohio.
Middletown, Ohio is the subject of J. D. Vance's book "Hillbilly Elegy,", which chronicles the author's upbringing and the societal issues of southwestern Ohio. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 470 square miles, of which 467 square miles is land and 3.1 square miles is water. The majority of Butler County consists of the river valleys of the Little Miami Rivers; the valley was carved by glaciation. The soil at highest uplands is heavy in clay, moving downhill to a sandy loam, while in the valleys the soil is black with river deposits. Before deforestation by settlers, much of the area was forests of American maple trees. Preble County Montgomery County Warren County Hamilton County Dearborn County, Indiana Franklin County, Indiana Union County, Indiana As of the census of 2000, there were 332,807 people, 123,082 households, 87,880 families residing in the county; the population density was 712 people per square mile. There were 129,793 housing units at an average density of 278 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 91.20% White, 5.27% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.1% were of German, 16.7% American, 10.7% Irish, 9.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000. Those citing "American" ancestry in Butler County are of overwhelmingly English extraction, however most English Americans identify as having American ancestry because their roots have been in North America for so long, in some cases since the 1600s. There were 123,082 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.60% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,885, the median income for a family was $57,513. Males had a median income of $42,052 versus $27,602 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,076. About 5.40% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 368,130 people, 135,960 households, 95,404 families residing in the county; the population density was 788.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 148,273 housing units at an average density of 317.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 86.0% white, 7.3% black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.8% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 14.8% were American, 13.6% were Irish, 9.7% were English. Of the 135,960 households, 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were marri
Indiana is a U. S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States. Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or "Indian Land". It stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. A resident of Indiana is known as a Hoosier; the etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin. The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads, they created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking.
The Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization; such new tools included different types of spear knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as woodworking tools and grinding stones. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent; the Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC. The Woodland period commenced around 1500 BC. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, extended their cultivation of plants. An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods. Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 AD until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces; the concentrated settlements depended on the agricultural surpluses. One such complex was the Angel Mounds, they had large public areas such as plazas and platform mounds, where leaders lived or conducted rituals. Mississippian civilization collapsed in Indiana during the mid-15th century for reasons that remain unclear; the historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter spoke different languages of the Algonquian family. They included the Shawnee and Illini, they were joined by refugee tribes from eastern regions including the Delaware who settled in the White and Whitewater River Valleys. In 1679, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was the first European to cross into Indiana after reaching present-day South Bend at the Saint Joseph River.
He returned the following year to learn about the region. French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, tools and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans. By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes. In 1715, Sieur de Vincennes built Fort Miami at Kekionga, now Fort Wayne. In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River. In 1732, Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes. French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers. In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade. Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result; the Native American tribes of Indiana sided with th