Blankenburg is a German locality within the borough of Pankow, Berlin. Until 2001 it was part of the former borough of Weißensee; the locality, first mentioned in 1375, was an autonomous municipality of the former Niederbarnim district, merged into Berlin in 1920 with the "Greater Berlin Act". Blankenburg is located in the north-eastern suburb of Berlin and borders with the localities of Französisch Buchholz, Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow, Heinersdorf and, in a brief point, Pankow; the locality is served by the Berlin S-Bahn lines S2, S8 and S9, at Blankenburg station, by bus lines 150, 154 and 158. Blankenburger boundary with Französisch Buchholz is crossed by the motorway A114 and the nearest exit serving the locality is the n.4. Johannes Maus, actor Media related to Blankenburg at Wikimedia Commons Blankenburg official website
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is the fourth borough of Berlin, formed in an administrative reform with effect from 1 January 2001, by merging the former boroughs of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf covers the western city centre of Berlin and the adjacent affluent suburbs, it borders on the Mitte borough in the east, on Tempelhof-Schöneberg in the southeast, Steglitz-Zehlendorf in the south, Spandau in the west and on Reinickendorf in the north. The district includes the inner city localities of Charlottenburg and Halensee. After World War II and the city's division by the Berlin Wall, the area around Kurfürstendamm and Bahnhof Zoo was the centre of former West Berlin, with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church as its landmark; the Berlin Institute of Technology, the Berlin University of the Arts, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, the Deutsche Oper Berlin as well as Charlottenburg Palace and the Olympic Stadium are located in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. As of 2012, the borough had a population of 326,354, of whom about 110,000 were of non-German origin.
The largest ethnic minorities were Turks at 4%. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is divided into seven localities: The localities of Schmargendorf and Grunewald were part of the former Wilmersdorf borough until 2001. By resolution of 30 September 2004, the localities of Westend and Charlottenburg-Nord were created on the territory of the former Charlottenburg borough, like Halensee on the territory of the former Wilmersdorf borough. Current allocation of seats in the borough's parliamentary body as of the 2016 Berlin state election: Social Democratic Party of Germany 15 Christian Democratic Union 13 Alliance'90/The Greens 12 Free Democratic Party 6 Alternative for Germany 5 The Left 4 The borough Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf of Berlin is twinned with: Twin towns of the former Charlottenburg borough Twin towns of the former Wilmersdorf borough The borough's economy depends on retail trade in the City West area along Kurfürstendamm and Tauentzienstraße, with supra-local importance; the Berliner Börse is housed in the Ludwig-Erhard-Haus designed by Nicholas Grimshaw at Fasanenstraße 85 in Berlin-Charlottenburg near Bahnhof Zoologischer Garten The Royal Porcelain Factory in Berlin is situated in Charlottenburg, near Berlin-Tiergarten Station The Messe Berlin is situated in Berlin-Westend Air Berlin had its headquarters in Building 2 of the Airport Bureau Center in Charlottenburg-Nord.
As of 2006 Air Berlin employed 1,200 employees at its headquarters. Germania has its headquarters in Charlottenburg-Nord. Universität der Künste Technische Universität Berlin Comenius-Schule, a primary school, is in Wilmersdorf. Halensee-Grundschule, a primary school, is in Halensee. Jüdische Traditionsschule, traditionell Jewish primary and secondary school in Westend Heinz-Galinski-Schule Charlottenburg, Jewish primary school Svenska Skolan Berlin, Swedish School Berlin Nelson-Mandela-School, International School Goethe-Gymnasium, one of the most popular secondary schools in Berlin Peter-Ustinov-Schule, located between Messe Nord and Wilmersdorfer Straße; the Japanische Ergänzungsschule in Berlin e. V. A weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at Halensee-Grundschule. Zentrale Schule für Japanisch Berlin e. V. Another weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at the Comenius-Schule - Established April 1997. Berlin portal Berlin Charlottenburg – Wilmersdorf Berlin Spandau – Charlottenburg North Official homepage of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Official homepage of Berlin
Buch is a German locality within the Berlin borough of Pankow. Situated on the Panke river, it is the city's northernmost quarter, chiefly known for its historic village centre and extended hospital premises; the settlement area is located on the Barnim Plateau stretching in the northeast of the Berlin city centre up to the Oder–Havel Canal and the Oderbruch delta. Berlin's northernmost point is at the Rieselfelder meadows, a former sewage farm transformed in a rural area, part of the Buch Forest within the Barnim Nature Park ); the landscape is marked by hill chains and small lakes such as the Bogensee. Along its border with the state of Brandenburg, Buch is surrounded by the municipalities of Wandlitz and Panketal, both in the district of Barnim; the Berlin localities bordering with Buch in the south are Blankenfelde, Französisch Buchholz and Karow. In Karow, a neighbourhood exists, named Stadtrandsiedlung Buch; the quarter is centred around Berlin-Buch station on the Berlin–Szczecin railway line and the adjacent historic village centre in the east.
An extended Plattenbau housing area stretches along the railway in the south. Many of the premises have been converted to residential areas; the Barnim Plateau was settled in the Mesolithic era. The village of Wendeschen Buk was first mentioned in a 1342 deed. Founded by Sprevane tribes, Buch became a German village during the Ostsiedlung migration, instigated by the Ascanian margraves John I and Otto III of Brandenburg from the early 13th century onwards; the linear settlement around the village church and Buch manor, parallel to the Panke river with a watermill. The Slavic affix fell into disuse during the 16th century. Devastated during the Thirty Years' War, the Buch area was redeveloped under the rule of the "Great Elector" Frederick William; the manor became am aristocratic estate, which about 1700 was inherited by the adventurer and writer Baron Karl Ludwig von Pöllnitz. In the 18th century, the manor house and the church were rebuilt in a Baroque style. In the Seven Years' War, the premises were plundered by Russian troops under General Gottlieb Heinrich Totleben during his Raid on Berlin in 1760.
After the war, King Frederick the Great promoted sericulture for a recovery of the local economy. Held by the Voss noble family, the fate of Julie von Voss, lady-in-waiting and spouse of King Frederick William II of Prussia, was perpetuated in the Wanderungen durch die Mark Brandenburg by Theodor Fontane. In 1815 Buch was incorporated into the newly established Prussian Province of Brandenburg; the station on the Berlin–Stettin railway line was inaugurated on 26 June 1879. The manor estates were purchased from the Voss family by the City of Berlin in 1898, in order to lay out the Rieselfelder sewage area according to plans by James Hobrecht. At the same time, it became the site of several municipal hospitals designed by Ludwig Hoffmann and Martin Wagner. Buch remained a Brandenburg municipality until 1920, when it merged into Berlin with the "Greater Berlin Act"; the hospital area from 1928 hosted the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research led by neurologists Oskar Vogt, Cécile Vogt-Mugnier and biologist Nikolay Timofeev-Ressovsky.
During the Nazi era, headed by Hugo Spatz and Julius Hallervorden from 1937/38, it played a vital role in eugenics and racist research, in the Aktion T4 "euthanasia" program. From 1949 to 1990 Buch was part of East Berlin; the locality is served by part of the S-Bahn, at the station of Buch. It is traversed, at its southern borders, by the Berliner beltway. Nearest exit to Buch is the n.36, "Berlin-Weißensee". Martin Eckart Pfannschmidt: "Geschichte der Berliner Vororte Buch und Karow", Berlin 1927 Media related to Buch at Wikimedia Commons Buch official site
Karlshorst is a locality in the borough of Lichtenberg in Berlin. Located there are a harness racing track and the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin, the largest University of Applied Sciences in Berlin, the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst. Established in 1895 as the Carlshorst mansion's colony, Karlshorst from 1901 had access to the railway line from Berlin to Breslau and developed to a quite affluent residential area, sometimes referred to as "Dahlem of the East"; the locality encompasses the Waldsiedlung, a garden city laid out between 1919 and 1921 according to plans by Peter Behrens. In April 1945, as the Red Army approached the Reich's capital, Marshal Georgy Zhukov, commander of the 1st Belorussian Front, established his headquarters at a former Wehrmacht officer's mess hall in Karlshorst, where on May 8, the unconditional surrender of the German forces was presented to Zhukov by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
From 1945 to 1949 the building complex served as the headquarters of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. After the establishment of the German Democratic Republic it hosted the 6th Independent Motorized Rifle Brigade, the Soviets' "Berlin Brigade," until the last Russian soldiers left Karlshorst in 1994; the former headquarters has been made the home of the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst called the Capitulation Museum. Karlshorst has access to the Berlin S-Bahn network at Berlin-Karlshorst railway station, served by RegionalExpress trains of the Deutsche Bahn. Joachim Fest, editor, Ilja Richter, voice actor and television presenter Max Beer, Gundelfinger Straße 47 Hans Bellmer, Ehrenfelsstraße 8 Hans and Hilde Coppi, resistance fighters, Römerweg Hedwig Courths-Mahler, writer, Dönhoffstraße 11 from 1905 to 1914 Erich Ollenhauer, dwelt in Karlshorst, Trautenauer Straße 6 August Stramm, Lehndorffstraße 16 Ernst Torgler, Liepnitzstraße 46 Max Wertheimer, Ehrlichstraße 31The engineer Georg Knorr, is buried at the Karlshorst cemetery.
Victory in Europe Day https://web.archive.org/web/20050408044705/http://www.karlshorst.de/ - official site http://www.karlshorst-info.de/ - information about Karlshorst https://web.archive.org/web/20060822091136/http://www.treskowallee.de/ - information about Karlshorst http://www.museum-karlshorst.de/ - German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst http://www.fckarlshorst.de/ - official site of FC Karlshorst 1995
Fennpfuhl is a German locality in the borough of Lichtenberg, Berlin. With a population of 30,932 in an area of 2.12 km2, it is the second most densely populated locality in Berlin after Friedenau. In April 1961, the land development of the area, called Lichtenberg at that time, was begun, planning was subdivided into three sections; the area to be built upon covered an area of 175 hectares. In the Erich-Kuttner-Straße on the edge of the area, the first Plattenbau, one of the most built type of residence in East Germany, was built; the building, built as an experimental sample, is under monument protection today. On December 2, 1972, construction of the quarter began, the plan being to develop an area for 50,000 inhabitants. Populated since the early 1970s, it was completed on May 12, 1986. Fennpfuhl is situated in the eastern side of the city, on the outside edge of the Hundekopf, the colloquial name for central Berlin surrounded by the Ringbahn, it borders the localities of Alt-Hohenschönhausen, Weißensee and Prenzlauer Berg.
An urban park, characterized by numerous sculptures, is situated in the middle of the quarter. As urban railways, the locality is served by the S-Bahn lines S4, S8 and S9, at the stations of Storkower Straße and Landsberger Allee, it is served by the tramway lines M5, M6, M8, M13, 16 and 21. Media related to Fennpfuhl at Wikimedia Commons Fennpfuhl official website Fennpfuhl page on www.berlin.de
Brandenburg is a state of Germany. Brandenburg is located in the northeast of Germany covering an area of 29,478 square kilometres and has a population of 2.5 million residents, the fifth-largest German state by area and tenth-most populous. Potsdam is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Brandenburg an der Havel and Frankfurt. Brandenburg surrounds the national capital and city-state of Berlin, which together form the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, the third-largest metropolitan area in Germany. Brandenburg borders the states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, the country of Poland. Brandenburg originated in the Northern March in the 900s AD from areas conquered from the Wends, became the Margraviate of Brandenburg, a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire, with Albert the Bear as prince-elector. In the 17th century Brandenburg came under the rule of the House of Hohenzollern, the rulers of Prussia, who established Brandenburg-Prussia to become the core of the Kingdom of Prussia.
Brandenburg became the Province of Brandenburg in 1815, a province within the kingdom and within the Free State of Prussia. Brandenburg was established as a state in 1945 after World War II by the Soviet army administration in Allied-occupied Germany, became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1947. Brandenburg was dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms and its territory divided into the districts of Potsdam, Frankfurt and Schwerin, but was re-established in 1990 following German reunification, became one of the Federal Republic of Germany's new states. In late medieval and early modern times, Brandenburg was one of seven electoral states of the Holy Roman Empire, along with Prussia, formed the original core of the German Empire, the first unified German state. Governed by the Hohenzollern dynasty from 1415, it contained the future German capital Berlin. After 1618 the Margraviate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia were combined to form Brandenburg-Prussia, ruled by the same branch of the House of Hohenzollern.
In 1701 the state was elevated as the Kingdom of Prussia. Franconian Nuremberg and Ansbach, Swabian Hohenzollern, the eastern European connections of Berlin, the status of Brandenburg's ruler as prince-elector together were instrumental in the rise of that state. Brandenburg is situated in territory known in antiquity as Magna Germania, which reached to the Vistula river. By the 7th century, Slavic peoples are believed to have settled in the Brandenburg area; the Slavs expanded from the east driven from their homelands in present-day Ukraine and Belarus by the invasions of the Huns and Avars. They relied on river transport; the two principal Slavic groups in the present-day area of Brandenburg were the Hevelli in the west and the Sprevane in the east. Beginning in the early 10th century, Henry the Fowler and his successors conquered territory up to the Oder River. Slavic settlements such as Brenna and Chośebuz came under imperial control through the installation of margraves, their main function was to protect the eastern marches.
In 948 Emperor Otto I established margraves to exert imperial control over the pagan Slavs west of the Oder River. Otto founded the Bishoprics of Havelberg; the Northern March was founded as a northeastern border territory of the Holy Roman Empire. However, a great uprising of Wends drove imperial forces from the territory of present-day Brandenburg in 983; the region returned to the control of Slavic leaders. During the 12th century, the German kings and emperors re-established control over the mixed Slav-inhabited lands of present-day Brandenburg, although some Slavs like the Sorbs in Lusatia adapted to Germanization while retaining their distinctiveness; the Roman Catholic Church brought bishoprics which, with their walled towns, afforded protection from attacks for the townspeople. With the monks and bishops, the history of the town of Brandenburg an der Havel, the first center of the state of Brandenburg, began. In 1134, in the wake of a German crusade against the Wends, the German magnate, Albert the Bear, was granted the Northern March by the Emperor Lothar III.
He formally inherited the town of Brandenburg and the lands of the Hevelli from their last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. After crushing a force of Sprevane who occupied the town of Brandenburg in the 1150s, Albert proclaimed himself ruler of the new Margraviate of Brandenburg. Albert, his descendants the Ascanians made considerable progress in conquering, colonizing and cultivating lands as far east as the Oder. Within this region and German residents intermarried. During the 13th century, the Ascanians began acquiring territory east of the Oder known as the Neumark. In 1320, the Brandenburg Ascanian line came to an end, from 1323 up until 1415 Brandenburg was under the control of the Wittelsbachs of Bavaria, followed by the Luxembourg Dynasties. Under the Luxembourgs, the Margrave of Brandenburg gained the status of a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. In the period 1373-1415, Brandenburg was a part of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. In 1415, the Electorate of Brandenburg was granted by Emperor Sigismund to the House of Hohenzollern, which would rule until the end of World War I.
The Hohenzollerns established their capital in Berlin, by the economic center of Brandenburg. Brandenburg converted to Protestantism in 1539 in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, did quite we
Pankow is the most populous and the second-largest borough of Berlin. In Berlin's 2001 administrative reform it was merged with the former boroughs of Prenzlauer Berg and Weißensee; the borough, named after the Panke river, covers the northeast of the city region, including the inner city locality of Prenzlauer Berg. It borders Mitte and Reinickendorf in the west, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in the south, Lichtenberg in the east. Pankow is the second largest by area. Between 1945 and 1960, Schönhausen Palace and the nearby Majakowskiring street in the Niederschönhausen locality of Pankow was the home to many members of the East German government. Western writers therefore referred to Pankow as a metonym for the East German regime—as reflected by Udo Lindenberg's song Sonderzug nach Pankow; the Rykestrasse Synagogue, Germany's largest synagogue, is located in the Prenzlauer Berg locality. The Weißensee Cemetery is one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe. In northern Prenzlauer Berg, the Wohnstadt Carl Legien is part of the Berlin Modernist Housing Estates UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Weißer See is the borough's largest natural body of water. The Pankow borough consists of 13 localities: At the 2016 elections for the parliament of the borough the following parties were elected: The Left 13 SPD 13 Alliance'90/The Greens 12 CDU 8 AfD 8 FDP 2 The Pankow locality is served by the U2 line of the Berlin U-Bahn at the stations Vinetastraße and Pankow. S-Bahn service is available at the Berlin-Pankow, Pankow-Heinersdorf and Wollankstraße railway stations. Another connection to Berlin's inner city is provided by the M1 line of the Berlin Straßenbahn; the Bundesstraße 96a federal highway from Berlin toward Oranienburg runs through the locality along Mühlenstraße and Schönholzer Straße. Furthermore, Pankow can be reached via the Bundesautobahn 114 from the Berliner Ring at the Prenzlauer Promenade junction. Ashkelon, Israel since 1994 Kołobrzeg, Poland since 1994 Yalta, Ukraine since 2000 Koekelberg, Belgium Berlin Pankow Berlin Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg – Prenzlauer Berg East Karpfenteich Official homepage Official homepage of Berlin tic-berlin: tourist & historical information about Pankow district