Gordon S. Wood
Gordon Stewart Wood is the Alva O. Way University Professor and Professor of History Emeritus at Brown University, the recipient of the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for History for The Radicalism of the American Revolution, his book The Creation of the American Republic, 1776–1787 won a 1970 Bancroft Prize. In 2010, he was awarded the National Humanities Medal. Wood was born in Concord and grew up in Worcester and Waltham, he has served as a trustee there. After serving in the U. S. Air Force in Japan, during which time he earned an A. M. at Harvard University, he entered the Ph. D. program in history at Harvard, where he studied under Bernard Bailyn, receiving his Ph. D. in 1964. Wood has taught at Harvard, the College of William and Mary, the University of Michigan, Brown University, in 1982–83 was Pitt Professor at Cambridge University. In addition to his books, Wood has written numerous influential articles, notably "Rhetoric and Reality in the American Revolution", "Conspiracy and the Paranoid Style: Causality and Deceit in the Eighteenth century", "Interests and Disinterestedness in the Making of the Constitution".
He is a frequent contributor to The New York Review of Books and The New Republic. A recent project was the third volume of the Oxford History of the United States – Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 – a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. Contributing to the anthology Our American Story, Wood addressed the possibility of a shared American narrative, he focused on the idea of equality as "the most radical and most powerful ideological force" that the American Revolution unleashed. "This powerful sense of equality is still alive and well in America, despite all of its disturbing and unsettling consequences, it is what makes us one people." Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich publicly and effusively praised Wood's The Radicalism of the American Revolution, erroneously calling it The Founding of America. Wood, who met Gingrich once in 1994, surmised that Gingrich may have approved because the book "had a kind of Toquevillian touch to it, I guess, maybe suggesting American exceptionalism, that he liked".
He jokingly described Gingrich's praise in an interview on C-SPAN in 2002 as "the kiss of death for me among a lot of academics, who are not right-wing Republicans."In one of the celebrated scenes of the 1997 movie Good Will Hunting, Matt Damon's title character gets into a battle of wits with a student from Harvard University, whom he accuses of uncritically parroting the views of the authors on his reading list as a first-year graduate student. He goes on to predict that a little in his curriculum, he would be "regurgitating Gordon Wood." The student begins to respond with a critique of Wood, which Hunting interrupts and incorrectly claims to be a passage plagiarized from page 98 of Daniel Vickers' Work in Essex County. In "It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia" S5 E12, Charlie references Gordon Wood at a college party, trying to replicate the success of Matt Damon's character in "Good Will Hunting", he has little success since he has no idea who or what Gordon Wood or his work is - embarrassingly assuming he will be able to pull off the same argument as he is a janitor like Matt Damon's character.
Wood married the former Louise Goss on April 30, 1956. They have three children: Christopher and Amy, their son, Christopher Wood, is a professor of German at New York University and their daughter, Amy, is a professor of history at Illinois State University, Elizabeth is an administrator at Milton Academy. The Creation of the American Republic, 1776–1787, University of North Carolina Press, 1969, 1998. Representation in the American Revolution, University of Virginia Press, 1969; the Rising Glory of America, 1760–1820, George Braziller, 1971, revised edition, Northeastern University Press, 1990. The Confederation and the Constitution, Brown, 1973. Revolution and the Political Integration of the Enslaved and Disenfranchised, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1974. Leadership in the American Revolution, Library of Congress, 1974. Social Radicalism and the Idea of Equality in the American Revolution, University of St. Thomas, 1976; the Great Republic, Brown, 1977, 4th edition, Heath, 1992.
The Making of the Constitution, Baylor University Press, 1987. Rising Glory of America, 1760–1820, Northeastern University Press, 1990; the Radicalism of the American Revolution, Alfred A. Knopf, 1992. Russian-American Dialogue on the American Revolution, University of Missouri Press, 1995. Wages of Independence: Capitalism in the Early American Republic, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1997. Imagined Histories: American Historians Interpret the Past, Princeton University Press, 1998. Monarchism and Republicanism in the Early United States, La Trobe University, 2000; the American Revolution: A History, Modern Library, 2001. The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin, Penguin Press, 2004. Revolutionary Characters: W
Pritzker Military Museum & Library
The Pritzker Military Museum & Library is a museum and a research library for the study of military history in Chicago, Illinois, US. It was founded in 2003 to be a non-partisan institution for the study of "the citizen soldier as an essential element for the preservation of democracy" by Colonel Jennifer Pritzker, who had just retired from the Illinois Army National Guard. Located in the Streeterville neighborhood at 610 N. Fairbanks Court, the library moved to 104 S. Michigan Avenue in the Loop; the Museum & Library is supported by donations and membership. The collection of the Pritzker Military Museum & Library comprises over 100,000 items and includes more than 62,000 books, as well as periodicals, artwork, rare military ephemera, over 9000 photographs and glass negatives from the American Civil War and the Spanish–American War to the present and journals from American soldiers, a sizable collection related to Winston Churchill. Sam Gevirtz, a private first class gunner on board the USS Bunker Hill during the Okinawa invasion, donated his two World War II diaries to the Museum & Library.
The collection is open to the public. The Library participates in an interlibrary loan program with major public and university libraries in the continental United States, it is a member of several academic consortia, including the Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois and Libraries Very Interested in Sharing. The library has a non-circulating collection of more than 3,000 rare books and periodicals, including the Famiano Strada's De Bello Belgico and John Entick's The General History of the Late War: Containing It's Rise and Event, in Europe, Asia and America; the collection includes unit histories, such as Civil War regimentals, cruise books, like those from the USS Chicago. These materials must be read in the Rare Book Reading Room; the Museum & Library has over ten named collections, which include the Parrish Collection on Soviet History, the Dr. Charles E. Metz Collection, James Wengert Military Medical Collection, Lt. Col. Robert C. Peithman Collection, Henry J. Reilly Memorial Library, the Robert C.
Baldridge Collection, Edward Jablonski Collection, John V. Farwell Collection, Robert G. Burkhardt Memorial Collection, World War I and World War II Sheet Music and Song Books Collection; the Museum & Library's Holt Oral History Program has collected stories from 71 US military veterans and posted a downloadable podcast. The full audio interviews and transcriptions are available on the Library's website. Kenneth Clarke, president and CEO of the library, said one of the Library’s goals is to provide a secure space for veterans to explore their experiences in war. Programs at the Museum & Library are open to the public for a small fee, they have included interviews with Medal of Honor recipients such as Paul William Bucha and Gary L. Littrell, retired military figures such as Gen. Anthony Zinni and NASA Capt. Jim Lovell, as well as military authors such as Doris Kearns Goodwin, Rick Atkinson, W. E. B. Griffin. Retired CIA agent Sandra Grimes paid a visit to the Museum & Library and introduced her book Circle of Treason.
Programs are webcast live on the library's website and archived for viewing or listening in streaming media or as podcasts. This website has over 400 of these programs available as episodes of Pritzker Military Presents, or original programming produced by the Museum & Library; the programs are downloaded at a rate of 2,000 per month per program. They are broadcast on Chicago PBS affiliates WYCC Channel 20 and WTTW Channel 11; the Museum & Library produces a television show, entitled Citizen Soldier. Each episode is a panel, conversation or interview that takes place at Pritzker Military Museum & Library, it is edited into a 26-minute episode, broadcast on Chicago Public TV station, WTTW Channel 11 and WTTW-Prime Channel 11-2. Seasons one and two can be viewed on the Library's website; as of 2018 the show is in its third season. The Museum & Library serves as a community resource, hosting commissioning and citizenship ceremonies; the Museum & Library has hosted exhibitions by artists such as Steve Mumford, James Dietz, Don Stivers, members of the Midwest Air Force Association.
Other exhibitions have included Don't Be a Dope!: Training Comics from World War II and Korea and She's a Wow!: Women's Service Organizations in World War II. In May 2014, the Pritzker exhibited photography from Stephanie Freid-Perenchio: her work depicted Navy SEALs in training and during their service in Afghanistan. In 2007, the Museum & Library awarded its first annual Pritzker Literature Award for Lifetime Achievement in Military Writing to Civil War historian James M. McPherson; the award includes a $100,000 honorarium. It is given in the Library's name by the Tawani Foundation; the Pritzker Military Museum & Library was named one of 10 recipients of the 2009 National Medal for Museum and Library Service. The annual award, made by the Institute of Museum and Library Services since 1994, recognizes institutions for outstanding social, environmental, or economic contributions to their communities; the Museum & Li
University of Colorado Boulder
The University of Colorado Boulder is a public research university located in Boulder, United States. It is the flagship university of the University of Colorado system and was founded five months before Colorado was admitted to the Union in 1876. In 2015, the university comprised nine colleges and schools and offered over 150 academic programs and enrolled 17,000 students. Twelve Nobel Laureates, nine MacArthur Fellows, 20 astronauts have been affiliated with CU Boulder as students, researchers, or faculty members in its history; the university received nearly $454 million in sponsored research in 2010 to fund programs like the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, JILA. The Colorado Buffaloes compete in 17 varsity sports and are members of the NCAA Division I Pac-12 Conference; the Buffaloes have won 28 national championships: 20 in skiing, seven total in men's and women's cross country, one in football. 900 students participate in 34 intercollegiate club sports annually as well. On March 14, 1876, the Colorado territorial legislature passed an amendment to the state constitution that provided money for the establishment of the University of Colorado in Boulder, the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, the Colorado Agricultural College in Fort Collins.
Two cities competed for the site of the University of Colorado: Cañon City. The consolation prize for the losing city was to be home of the new Colorado State Prison. Cañon City was at a disadvantage as it was the home of the Colorado Territorial Prison; the cornerstone of the building that became Old Main was laid on September 20, 1875. The doors of the university opened on September 5, 1877. At the time, there were few high schools in the state that could adequately prepare students for university work, so in addition to the University, a preparatory school was formed on campus. In the fall of 1877, the student body consisted of 15 students in the college proper and 50 students in the preparatory school. There were 38 men and 27 women, their ages ranged from 12–23 years. During World War II, Colorado was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a navy commission; the main CU Boulder campus is located south of the Pearl Street Mall and east of Chautauqua Auditorium.
It consists of residential buildings as well as research facilities. The East Campus is about a quarter mile from the main campus and is composed of athletic fields and research buildings. CU Boulder's distinctive architecture style, known as Tuscan Vernacular Revival, was designed by architect Charles Klauder; the oldest buildings, such as Old Main and Macky Auditorium, were in the Collegiate Gothic style of many East Coast schools, Klauder's initial plans for the university's new buildings were in the same style. A month or so after approval, Klauder updated his design by sketching in a new wrap of rough, textured sandstone walls with sloping, multi-leveled red-tiled roofs and Indiana limestone trim; this formed the basis of a unified style, used in the design of fifteen other buildings between 1921 and 1939 and still followed on the campus to this day. The sandstone used in the construction of nearly all the buildings on campus was selected from a variety of Front Range mountain quarries.
In 2011, Travel+Leisure named the Boulder campus one of the most beautiful college campuses in the United States. Freshmen and others attending the University of Colorado Boulder have an option of 24 on- and off-campus residence halls. Residence halls have 17 varieties of room types from singles to four-person rooms and others with apartment style amenities. There are several communities of residence halls located throughout the campus, as well as in a separate area called Williams Village, located 1.5 miles off of main campus. There is a free bus service that transports students to main campus from Williams Village and vice versa; the University offers Residential Academic Programs in many of its Residence Halls. RAPs provide students with in-dorm classes tailored to academic interests; the Engineering Center on the North-East side of campus houses the nation's largest geotechnical centrifuge as well as ion-implantation and microwave-propagation facilities, spectrometers and other microscopes, a structural analysis facility.
Until 1903, the library collection was housed with the rest of the school in Old Main. The growing size of the library required a move, as the weight of the books was causing physical damage to the floor; the cornerstone for the first separate library building was laid in January 1903, the building was opened in January 1904. When the new Norlin Library opened in 1940, the old library turned over to the Theatre department, was converted into classrooms and a theatre. Norlin Library was the last building to be designed by Klauder. There are two inscriptions on the western face of the building. Both were composed by President Norlin; the larger inscription reads "Who knows only his own generation remains always a child," based on a Cicero quotation, while the smaller inscription on the marble just over the door reads "Enter here the timeless fellowship of the human spirit." Macky Auditorium is a large building on the north edge of the University of Colorado campus, near 17th Street and University Avenue, which plays host to various talks and musical performances.
Andrew J. Macky was a prominent businessman involved with the town of Boulder in the late 19th century. Macky
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
James M. McPherson
For the American Civil War general of similar name, see James B. McPherson. James M. "Jim" McPherson is an American Civil War historian, is the George Henry Davis'86 Professor Emeritus of United States History at Princeton University. He received the 1989 Pulitzer Prize for Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. McPherson was the president of the American Historical Association in 2003, is a member of the editorial board of Encyclopædia Britannica. Born in Valley City, North Dakota, McPherson graduated from St. Peter High School, he received his Bachelor of Arts at Gustavus Adolphus College in 1958, his Ph. D. at Johns Hopkins University in 1963 where he studied under C. Vann Woodward. McPherson's works include The Struggle for Equality, awarded the Anisfield-Wolf Award in 1965. In 1988, he published Battle Cry of Freedom, his 1990 book, Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution argues that the emancipation of slaves amounts to a second American Revolution. McPherson's 1998 book, For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War, received the Lincoln Prize.
In 2002, he published both a scholarly book, Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam 1862, a history of the American Civil War for children, Fields of Fury. McPherson published This Mighty Scourge in a series of essays about the American Civil War. One essay describes the huge difficulty of negotiation when regime change is a war aim on either side of a conflict. "For at least the past two centuries, nations have found it harder to end a war than to start one. Americans learned that bitter lesson in Vietnam, having forgotten it, we're forced to learn it all over again in Iraq." One of McPherson's examples is the American Civil War, in which both the Union and the Confederacy sought regime change. It took four years to end the war. There are all kinds of myths that a people has about itself, some positive, some negative, some healthy and some not healthy. I think that one job of the historian is to try to cut through some of those myths and get closer to some kind of reality. So that people can face their current situation realistically, rather than mythically.
I guess. In 2009, he was the co-winner of the Lincoln Prize for Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief. McPherson was named the 2000 Jefferson Lecturer in the humanities by the National Endowment for the Humanities. In making the announcement of McPherson's selection, NEH Chairman William R. Ferris said: James M. McPherson has helped millions of Americans better understand the meaning and legacy of the American Civil War. By establishing the highest standards for scholarship and public education about the Civil War and by providing leadership in the movement to protect the nation's battlefields, he has made an exceptional contribution to historical awareness in America. In 2007, he was awarded the $100,000 Pritzker Military Library Literature Award for lifetime achievement in military history and was the first recipient of the prize. In 2007, he was awarded the Samuel Eliot Morison Prize for lifetime achievement in military history given by the Society for Military History, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009.
McPherson resides in Princeton, New Jersey. He is married to Patricia and they have one child. McPherson is known for his outspokenness on contemporary issues and for his activism, such as his work on behalf of the preservation of Civil War battlefields; as president in 1993-1994 of Protect Historic America, he lobbied against the construction of a Disney theme park near Manassas battlefield. He has served on the boards of the Civil War Trust as well as the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites, a predecessor to the Civil War Trust. From 1990 to 1993, he sat on the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission. Along with several other historians, McPherson signed a May 2009 petition asking U. S. President Barack Obama not to lay a wreath at the Confederate Monument Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery; the petition stated: The Arlington Confederate Monument is a denial of the wrong committed against African Americans by slave owners and neo-Confederates, through the monument's denial of slavery as the cause of secession and its holding up of Confederates as heroes.
This implies that the humanity of African Americans is of no significance. Today, the monument gives encouragement to the modern neo-Confederate movement and provides a rallying point for them; the modern neo-Confederate movement interprets it as vindicating the Confederacy and the principles and ideas of the Confederacy and their neo-Confederate ideas. The presidential wreath enhances the prestige of these neo-Confederate events. Obama put the wreath on the monument anyway. List of publications by James M. McPherson Walsh, David. "An exchange with a Civil War historian". International Workers Bulletin. World Socialist Web Site. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2012. Barnes & Noble - Meet the Writers Princeton University Biography George W. Bush and the Confederacy: Where Does He Stand?, Democracy Now November 3, 1999 Presentation on the Civil War A Conversation with James McPherson Interview at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library from October 5, 2007 Lifetime Literature Award Announcement at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library Audio interview with National Review Online Interview by Kim Nagy, Wild River Review McPherson archive from The New York Review of Books James M. McPherson No Peace without Victory, 1861-1865, AHA Presidential Address Retrieved April 18, 2010 James M. McPhe
Colorado State University
Colorado State University is a public research university in Fort Collins, Colorado. The university is the state's land grant university and the flagship university of the Colorado State University System; the current enrollment is 33,877 students, including resident and non-resident instruction students. The university has 2,000 faculty in eight colleges and 55 academic departments. Bachelor's degrees are offered with master's degrees in 55 fields. Colorado State confers doctoral degrees in 40 fields of study, in addition to a professional degree in veterinary medicine. In fiscal year 2012, CSU spent $375.9 million on research and development, ranking 60th in the nation overall and 34th when excluding medical school spending. CSU graduates include Pulitzer Prize winners, astronauts, CEOs, two former governors of Colorado. Arising from the Morrill Act, the act to create the university was signed by the Colorado Territory governor Edward M. McCook in 1870. While a board of 12 trustees was formed to "purchase and manage property, erect buildings, establish basic rules for governing the institutions and employ buildings," the near complete lack of funding by the territorial legislature for this mission hampered progress.
The first 30-acre parcel of land for the campus was deeded in 1871 by Robert Dazell. In 1872, the Larimer County Land Improvement Company contributed a second 80-acre parcel; the first $1000 to erect buildings was allocated by the territorial legislature in 1874. The funds were not and trustees were required to find a matching amount, which they obtained from local citizens and businesses. Among the institutions which donated matching funds was the local Grange, involved in the early establishment of the university; as part of this effort, in the spring of 1874 Grange No. 6 held a picnic and planting event at the corner of College Avenue and West Laurel Street, plowed and seeded 20 acres of wheat on a nearby field. Within several months, the university's first building, a 16-foot -by-24-foot red brick building nicknamed the "Claim Shanty" was finished, providing the first tangible presence of the institution in Fort Collins. After Colorado achieved statehood in 1876, the territorial law establishing the college was required to be reauthorized.
In 1877, the state legislature created the eight-member State Board of Agriculture to govern the school. Early in the 21st century, the governing board was renamed the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System; the legislature authorized a railroad right-of-way across the campus and a mill levy to raise money for construction of the campus' first main building, Old Main, completed in December 1878. Despite wall cracks and other structural problems suffered during its first year, the building was opened in time for the welcoming of the first five students on September 1, 1879 by university president Elijah Evan Edwards. Enrollment grew to 25 by 1880. During the first term at Colorado Agricultural College in fall 1879, the school functioned more as a college-prep school than a college because of the lack of trained students; the first course offerings were arithmetic, English, U. S. history, natural philosophy and farm economy. Students labored on the college farm and attended daily chapel services.
The spring term provided the first true college-level instruction. Despite his accomplishments, Edwards resigned in spring 1882 because of conflicts with the State Board of Agriculture, a young faculty member, with students; the board's next appointee as president was Charles Ingersoll, a graduate and former faculty member at Michigan State Agricultural College, who began his nine years of service at CAC with just two full-time faculty members and 67 students, 24 of whom were women. Agricultural research would grow under Ingersoll; the Hatch Act of 1887 provided federal funds to establish and maintain experiment stations at land-grant colleges. Ainsworth Blount, CAC's first professor of practical agriculture and manager of the College Farm, had become known as a "one man experiment station", the Hatch Act expanded his original station to five Colorado locations; the curriculum expanded as well, introducing coursework in engineering, animal science, liberal arts. New faculty members brought expertise in botany, horticulture and irrigation engineering.
CAC made its first attempts at animal science during 1883–84, when it hired veterinary surgeon George Faville. Faville conducted free weekly clinics for student instruction and treatment of local citizen's diseased or injured animals. Veterinary science at the college languished for many years following Faville's departure in 1886. President Ingersoll believed. Despite the reluctance of the institution's governing board, CAC began opening the door to liberal arts in 1885, by Ingersoll's last year at CAC the college had instituted a "Ladies Course" that offered junior and senior women classes in drawing and typewriting, foreign languages, landscape gardening and psychology. Ingersoll's belief in liberal yet practical education conflicted with the narrower focus of the State Board of Agriculture, a final clash in April 1891 led to his resignation. In 1884, CAC would celebrate the commencement of its first three graduates. One of the early notable professors was Louis George Carpenter, happy to be called "Professor Carp."
He was a college Professor and the Dean of Engineering & Physics at Colorado State University known as the Colorado Agricultural College. He was