Vancouver Stock Exchange
The Vancouver Stock Exchange was a stock exchange based in Vancouver, British Columbia. It was incorporated 1906. On November 29, 1999 the VSE was merged into the Canadian Venture Exchange, it was incorporated 1906 and was the third major stock exchange in Canada, after the Toronto Stock Exchange and Montreal Stock Exchange, featured many small-capitalization, mining and gas-exploration stocks. In 1989, Forbes magazine labelled the VSE the "scam capital of the world." In 1991, it listed some 2,300 stocks. Some local figures stated that the majority of these stocks were either total frauds. A 1994 report by James Matkin made reference to "shams and market manipulations" within the VSE. Regardless, it had C$4 billion in annual trading in 1991. On November 29, 1999 the VSE was merged into the Canadian Venture Exchange, along with the Alberta Stock Exchange and the minor-cap stocks from the Bourse de Montréal; the trading floor of the old VSE remained as the trading floor of the new CDNX. The history of the exchange's index provides a standard case example of large errors arising from innocuous floating point calculations.
In January 1982 the index was initialized at 1000 and subsequently updated and truncated to three decimal places on each trade. Such a thing was done about 3000 times each day; the accumulated truncations led to an erroneous loss of around 25 points per month. Over the weekend of November 25–28, 1983, the error was corrected, raising the value of the index from its Friday closing figure of 524.811 to 1098.892. List of former stock exchanges in the Americas List of stock exchange mergers in the Americas List of stock exchanges Toronto Stock Exchange Cruise, David. Fleecing the Lamb: The Inside Story of the Vancouver Stock Exchange. Douglas & Mcintyre Ltd. 1987 ISBN 978-0888945587
Vancouver City Hall
Vancouver City Hall is home to Vancouver City Council in Vancouver, British Columbia. Located at 453 West 12th Avenue, the building was ordered by the Vancouver Civic Building Committee, designed by architect Fred Townley and Matheson, built by Carter, Halls and Company; the building has a twelve-storey tower with a clock on the top. The building is served by the Broadway–City Hall station on SkyTrain's Canada Line. Between 1897 and 1929, the Vancouver City Hall was located on Main Street, just south of the Carnegie Library. In 1929, City Hall moved into the Holden Building, while the Main Street building became an extension of the Carnegie Library. After being elected mayor in 1934, Gerry McGeer appointed a three-man committee to select the location for a new city hall; the panel recommended the Strathcona Park site, City Council approved the selection in 1935, making Vancouver the first major Canadian city to locate its city hall outside its downtown. Construction of the new City Hall began in 1936 on January 3, the first cornerstone was laid by McGeer on July 2.
An eight-foot statue of Capt. George Vancouver, carved by Charles Marega, was placed at the front of the building, it was unveiled on August 20 by the visiting Lord Mayor of Sir Percy Vincent. Sir Percy presented several gifts to the city, including a civic mace, a sprig "...from a tree in the orchard where a falling apple gave Isaac Newton the idea that led to his theory of gravity." The mace and the statue still reside at city hall. The building was opened all in the same year. Construction cost $1 million, was completed on December 1, bringing an end to the 330-day construction; each lock plate on the outer doors displays the Vancouver Coat of Arms, each door knob bears the monogram of the building. The ceiling on the second floor of the rotunda was made of gold leaf from several BC mines. After winning the civic election on December 9, 1936, George Clark Miller became the first mayor of Vancouver to occupy the brand-new city hall on January 2, 1937. A four-storey east wing was added in 1968 and in 2012 city staff started moving out when a study found it would not withstand an earthquake.
In 1969 a coat of arms added and the original building was declared a Schedule A heritage building in March 1976. List of old Canadian buildings List of heritage buildings in Vancouver Learn about Vancouver City Hall - City of Vancouver official website History of Metropolitan Vancouver My Vancouver: City Hall CityMayors feature The Lovers II - Sculpture by Gerhard Juchum at City Hall
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Point Grey Secondary School
Not to be confused with West Point Grey AcademyPoint Grey Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the Kerrisdale and Shaughnessy neighbourhoods of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Designed by Fred Townley and Matheson, the main building was built in 1929 in a Collegiate Gothic style. Construction of the school was commissioned by the Municipality of Point Grey prior to amalgamation with the City of Vancouver. Point Grey Secondary was built as a junior high school; the first students began classes in September 1929 and the building served as a junior high school until 1965 when it became a full secondary school. In 1965, a new wing was added with laboratories and a library. In 2006, Point Grey, in conjunction with the Parks Board, completed a new artificial turf field, have upgraded the track surrounding it to a rubber surface. Point Grey offers Advanced Placement courses in Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, English and Psychology. In 1962 Point Grey was designated a comprehensive secondary school from grade 8 to 12, as it is today.
Although the school offered a full range of courses, its focus was academic. Today eighty-five per cent of Point Grey's grade 12's continue on with post-secondary education. For the most part, Point Grey Secondary School receives students from three elementary schools; these include Kerrisdale Elementary School, Quilchena Elementary School, Southlands Elementary School. However, students enroll from Talmud Torah, Emily Carr Elementary School, St. Augustine's Elementary School, Shaughnessy Elementary School, General Wolfe Elementary School, L'École Bilingue, Jules Quesnel Elementary School and from many other private and public schools in the region and all over the Vancouver area and out of boundary; the main building, contains most of the school's classes. It contains a cafeteria and Sewing Room on the first floor; the Second floor, contains the office, the Library, the Auditorium, Band room, Small Gym and Girls Gym. Most Math and Art, Tech classes are on this floor; the third floor, has classes for English, Spanish, Social Studies.
There is a Science Wing which contains 7 classrooms. There is a Drama room, Woodworks shop, a "Math" wing, which no longer houses any math class. Founded in 1979, the mini school is a district-wide program that offers students enriched learning and social experiences in addition to the regular curriculum. Unlike the main school, all students who wish to enter the mini school program must write an entrance exam, out of the many who apply, only twenty-eight individuals are chosen. Students are still take elective courses there; the head teacher position is shared by Mr. Paul Skarsgard and Mr. Mori Hamilton; the students go on a variety of trips listed below: Grade Eight: Orientation, Manning Park Ski Trip, Bamfield Marine Station. Grade Nine and Ten: Orientation, Manning Park Ski Trip, Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland, Oregon, USA or Strathcona Park Lodge Grade Eleven and Twelve: Orientation, Manning Park Ski Trip There is a wide variety of extracurricular sports are offered throughout the year such as soccer and skiing.
Fall seasonCross country running, girls' field hockey, boys' rugby, boys' premier soccer, Junior soccer, girls' volleyball and senior boys volleyball Winter seasonWrestling, skis, ice hockey and basketball for boys and girls. Spring seasonGirls' soccer and juvenile boys volleyball and field, girls' rugby, softball, golf for boys and girls and badminton; the film Superbad was based on the experiences of the film's writers Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg when they attended Point Grey. The duo's production company, Point Grey Pictures is named after it. Fox's "Lucifer" was filmed there: the school doubled as a Korean community centre for the series. Other productions include the third adaptation of "Mostly Ghostly" TV movies: One Night In Doom House starring Corey Fogelmanis and Netflix film To All the Boys I've Loved Before. Archie Comics'series "Riverdale" is filmed here, on the sports field beside the schools, in the auditorium, in the hallway. Highschool scenes from the movie To All the Boys I've Loved Before were filmed here.
Point Grey Secondary School website Vancouver School Board - Point Grey
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania is a private Ivy League research university located in the University City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is one of the nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence and the first institution of higher learning in the United States to refer to itself as a university. Benjamin Franklin, Penn's founder and first president, advocated an educational program that trained leaders in commerce and public service, similar to a modern liberal arts curriculum; the university's coat of arms features a dolphin on its red chief, adopted from Benjamin Franklin's own coat of arms. University of Pennsylvania is home many professional and graduate schools including, the first school of medicine in North America, the first collegiate business school and the first "student union" building and organization were founded at Penn; the university has four undergraduate schools which provide a combined 99 undergraduate majors in the humanities, natural sciences and engineering, as well twelve graduate and professional schools.
It provides the option to pursue specialized dual degree programs. Undergraduate admissions is competitive, with an acceptance rate of 7.44% for the class of 2023, the school is ranked as the 8th best university in the United States by the U. S. News & World Report. In athletics, the Quakers field varsity teams in 33 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference and hold a total of 210 Ivy League championships as of 2017. In 2018, the university had an endowment of $13.8 billion, the seventh largest endowment of all colleges in the United States, as well as an academic research budget of $966 million. As of 2018, distinguished alumni include 14 heads of 64 billionaire alumni. S. House of Representatives. Other notable alumni include 27 Rhodes Scholars, 15 Marshall Scholarship recipients, 16 Pulitzer Prize winners, 48 Fulbright Scholars. In addition, some 35 Nobel laureates, 169 Guggenheim Fellows, 80 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, many Fortune 500 CEOs have been affiliated with the university.
University of Pennsylvania considers itself the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, though this is contested by Princeton and Columbia Universities. The university considers itself as the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. In 1740, a group of Philadelphians joined together to erect a great preaching hall for the traveling evangelist George Whitefield, who toured the American colonies delivering open air sermons; the building was designed and built by Edmund Woolley and was the largest building in the city at the time, drawing thousands of people the first time it was preached in. It was planned to serve as a charity school as well, but a lack of funds forced plans for the chapel and school to be suspended. According to Franklin's autobiography, it was in 1743 when he first had the idea to establish an academy, "thinking the Rev. Richard Peters a fit person to superintend such an institution". However, Peters declined a casual inquiry from Franklin and nothing further was done for another six years.
In the fall of 1749, now more eager to create a school to educate future generations, Benjamin Franklin circulated a pamphlet titled "Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania", his vision for what he called a "Public Academy of Philadelphia". Unlike the other Colonial colleges that existed in 1749—Harvard, William & Mary and Princeton—Franklin's new school would not focus on education for the clergy, he advocated an innovative concept of higher education, one which would teach both the ornamental knowledge of the arts and the practical skills necessary for making a living and doing public service. The proposed program of study could have become the nation's first modern liberal arts curriculum, although it was never implemented because William Smith, an Anglican priest who became the first provost and other trustees preferred the traditional curriculum. Franklin assembled a board of trustees from among the leading citizens of Philadelphia, the first such non-sectarian board in America.
At the first meeting of the 24 members of the Board of Trustees, the issue of where to locate the school was a prime concern. Although a lot across Sixth Street from the old Pennsylvania State House, was offered without cost by James Logan, its owner, the Trustees realized that the building erected in 1740, still vacant, would be an better site; the original sponsors of the dormant building still owed considerable construction debts and asked Franklin's group to assume their debts and, their inactive trusts. On February 1, 1750, the new board took over the building and trusts of the old board. On August 13, 1751, the "Academy of Philadelphia", using the great hall at 4th and Arch Streets, took in its first secondary students. A charity school was chartered July 13, 1753 in accordance with the intentions of the original "New Building" donors, although it lasted only a few years. On June 16, 1755, the "College of Philadelphia" was chartered, paving the way for the addition of undergraduate instruction.
All three schools shared the same Board of Trustees and were consider
The CNIB Foundation is a volunteer agency and charitable organization dedicated to assisting Canadians who are blind or living with vision loss, to provide information about vision health for all Canadians. Founded in 1918 as the Canadian National Institute for the Blind to assist soldiers, blinded in the First World War, CNIB offered sheltered care and specialized employment to people with vision loss, it has since expanded to include other programs and services, including research, public education, rehabilitation counselling and training, advocacy and an alternative-format library for people living with a print disability. It is a member of the Braille Authority of North America; the Canadian National Institute for the Blind was incorporated on March 30, 1918 to provide food and sheltered residences for blind veterans returning from World War I as well as the 850 people blind by the Halifax Explosion in 1917, the largest mass blinding in Canadian history. It began with 27 employees serving 1,521 people who were blind in Toronto, with two "home teachers" providing rehabilitation training in other parts of Canada.
During the 1920s, CNIB operated a job placement program with limited success creating jobs through its own factories, broom shops and concession stands. The organization appointed a special nurse responsible for vision health and sight preservation. In 1923, a Dominion Charter was obtained to establish a Home Nursery Hospital and Kindergarten for the Blind under 6 years of age in Ottawa. Mothers of blind babies from any Province in the Dominion, were encouraged to place their charges in the Canadian Blind Babies Home Association for proper care and education c. 1918 - 1939. It was to be similar to "Sunshine Home," at Chorley Wood, "the only home in the Empire for Blind babies." After the founder, Mrs. Margaret Dean, died it went out of existence and the subscription funds were reallocated to the CNIB. By the 1950s, CNIB was serving more than 17,000 clients, with offices, vocational centres and residences in major Canadian cities. A formalized research program into prevention was prioritized. Steps were taken towards advocacy with the 1930 Blind Voters Act, allowing a person, blind to vote with the assistance of a sighted person, legislation around mandatory eye drops to prevent disease in newborns.
In 1956, the organization helped sponsor a course for blind computer programmers. In 2010, the organisation changed its name to "CNIB" after a national consultation with its membership, branding support from Pilot PMR and creative by Cossette, Inc. In 2018 the organisation rebranded again as the CNIB Foundation. CNIB operates community-based services for Canadians who are blind or sighted; this includes assistance in returning to school, advice on travelling, emotional support. These services are delivered either at a local CNIB office, within the community, over the phone, online, or in an individual's home, it offers advocacy support for resources focusing on social issues, such as concessions, housing and leisure pursuits. Self-help groups are facilitated by staff and volunteers who may be blind or sighted. CNIB provides functional assessments of visual abilities, instruction on how to maximize residual vision, and, as required and training in the use of low vision devices. Life-skills training emphasizes managing the essentials of daily living, including safe and effective methods of cooking, alternate communication methods such as braille and large print, household tasks such as laundry, banking and personal care.
Orientation and mobility instructors provide instruction on how to move safely around the house, and/or skills to travel safely within the community. The organization operates a library that includes more than 80,000 accessible materials in formats such as Braille, audio, DAISY, e-text. Assistive technology services include accessible audio book players, video magnifiers, computer screen readers, other tools to make life with vision loss easier. Specialists provide instruction through demonstration, assessment and technical support about the availability, selection and purchase of devices for individual needs. CNIB employs 1,100 professionals, working in the fields of life-skills training, library services, advocacy, public education, accessible design consulting and administration. CNIB receives support from over 10,000 volunteers working in all regions of the country; the organization consists of a national office at the CNIB Centre in Toronto and eight provincial and territorial divisions.
They are governed by a volunteer board of directors, selected from across Canada, including representatives from the corporate and government sectors, as well as individuals affected by vision loss. There are eight operating divisions, plus the Lake Joseph Centre and the CNIB Library, each with a volunteer board; the chair of each division board sits on a Council of Chairs in order to provide input and advice to CNIB's President and CEO. A number of businesses and government services offer discounted rates for those who are blind or visually impaired upon presentation of a CNIB identification card; the card is offered to Canadians who are blind and registered at CNIB, with 20/200 vision in the best eye with correction or a visual field of 20 degrees or less. The One Person, One Fare Policy has been in effect since January 10, 2009 and pertains only to domestic flights on Air Canada and WestJet; this policy provides an extra seat to people meeting certain requirements who need a personal attendant on their flight.
Attendants are ch
Vancouver General Hospital
Vancouver General Hospital is a medical facility located in Vancouver, British Columbia. It is the largest facility in the Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre group of medical facilities. VGH is Canada's second largest hospital, after The Ottawa Hospital. Vancouver Coastal Health is responsible for all operations at Vancouver General Hospital; the Canadian Pacific Railway first opened in 1886 as a nine-bed tent, its primary use to treat railway workers. On June 13, 1886, a fire destroyed the tent hospital and by July, a new, one-storey building was built. In September, the City of Vancouver took over the facility. In 1888, located at the southern edge of the original Gastown settlement, a 35-bed hospital opened, as the tent infirmary becomes too small; the upstairs ward was for the downstairs ward for males. In 1899, the Vancouver City Hospital Training School for Nurses was opened. In 1902, British Columbia provincial legislature transferred control from the city's board of health to a board of 15 directors.
Vancouver City Hospital was renamed to Vancouver General Hospital. In 1906, in Fairview Ridge, overlooking False Creek, a new building, the Heather Pavilion, began housing staff and patients; the University of British Columbia Medical School opened clinical facilities at VGH in 1950. In 1959, VGH opened the "Centennial Pavilion", which at the time was the largest part of the VGH facilities. In the 1960s, VGH build Canada's first intensive care nursery, equipped with the first effective apparatus used for natural breathing in infants with respiratory failure. In 1996, VGH opened the first three floors of its newly constructed Laurel Pavilion. In 2000, the Laurel Pavilion was renamed to the Jim Pattison Pavilion and construction of the final 12 floors began in 2001; the Jim Pattison Pavilion opened in 2003. In 2004, the ground-breaking for new Gordon and Leslie Diamond Health Care Centre began; this new building, adjacent to the Jim Pattison Pavilion, opened in August 2006 to provide acute day care services in a variety of areas.
The Lung Centre specializes in the treatment of pulmonary conditions such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, lung cancer and environmental lung diseases, pneumonia, pulmonary hypertension and interstitial lung disease. The Blusson Spinal Cord Centre, the world’s largest, most advanced and most comprehensive facility devoted to spinal cord injury research and patient care was opened in November 2008; the six-storey, $45-million centre is home to ICORD, the Rick Hansen Institute and the Brenda and Davide McLean Integrated Spine Clinic and is a partnership of the University of British Columbia, the Rick Hansen Foundation, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, the VGH & UBC Hospital Foundation. The Robert H. N. Ho Research Centre, opened in September 2011, is a seven-storey, 69,350 sq ft facility that houses three of VGH’s key research programs: the Vancouver Prostate Centre at VGH. VGH is the largest hospital in British Columbia, offering specialized and tertiary services to adult patients in Vancouver.
The hospital accepts patients referred from other parts of the province requiring specialized services. 40% of the hospital's cases come from outside the Vancouver region. Vancouver General Hospital is an internal medicine hospital, with pediatric and maternal care services in the Vancouver region being offered by BC Children's Hospital and BC Women's Hospital & Health Centre. In addition to providing specialized and tertiary medical services, VGH is a teaching hospital in affiliation with the University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine, providing training and advanced education to students from all disciplines. Unique in Canada is the Gordon and Leslie Diamond Health Care Centre at VGH which includes the UBC Faculty of Medicine facilities; the facility houses teaching space for about 250 third and fourth year medical students and 500 postgraduate residents, nine Faculty of Medicine programs as well as the UBC medical school library. VGH's main cafeteria, Sassafras Cafeteria, is located on the second floor of the Jim Pattison Pavilion.
The Jim Pattison Pavilion has a café at its main entrance called Café Ami. One emergency department 21 operating rooms 40 outpatient clinics 27,400 inpatient visits per year 294,300 clinic visits per year 94,348 emergency department visits per year 23,000 outpatient and inpatient surgical cases per year Respiratory Medicine and Thoracic Surgery Alzheimer Clinic BC Injury Prevention Centre Centre for Cardiac Rehabilitation and Risk Factor Management Domestic Violence Eye Care Centre, established in 1983 with funds raised with the help of Stephen M. Drance Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program Mary Pack Arthritis Centre Trauma Services/Orthopedic Trauma Service Outpatient Psychiatry Clinic CIBC Centre for Patients and Families Vancouver Prostate Centre Short Term Assessment and Treatment Centre Skin Care Centre Work Adjustment Program Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute Centre for Hip Health In 2014, Knowledge Network premiered "Emergency Room: Life + Death at VGH" a six-part documentary series directed by Kevin Eastwood which follows several VGH emergency department staff and patients over a period of 80 days between February and May 2013.
The series won twice at the 2014 Leo Awards, taking home Best Documentary Series and the People's Choice Award for Favourite TV Series. The second