1953 British Grand Prix
The 1953 British Grand Prix was a Formula Two motor race held on 18 July 1953 at Silverstone Circuit. It was race 6 of 9 in the 1953 World Championship of Drivers, run to Formula Two rules in 1952 and 1953, rather than the Formula One regulations used; the 90-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari. Juan Manuel Fangio finished second for the Maserati team and Ascari's teammate Nino Farina came in third. Notes^1 – Includes 0.5 points for shared fastest lap Drivers' Championship standingsNote: Only the top five positions are included. Only the best 4 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points.
1954 German Grand Prix
The 1954 German Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Nürburgring on 1 August 1954. It was race 6 of 9 in the 1954 World Championship of Drivers, it was the 17th German Grand Prix since the race was first held in 1926 and the 16th to be held at the Nürburgring complex of circuits. The race was won by 1951 world champion, Argentine driver Juan Manuel Fangio driving a Mercedes-Benz W196. Ferrari 625 drivers Mike Hawthorn and Maurice Trintignant finished second and third for Scuderia Ferrari; the race was lengthened from 18 to 22 laps, bringing the German Grand Prix up to the 500 kilometre race distance used by the majority of Formula One Grands Prix at the time. Mercedes had brought to the Nürburgring their new open-wheeled version of the W196 for Fangio and Hermann Lang after Mercedes's defeat at Silverstone in their streamlined cars. Hans Herrmann drove a streamlined W196s. Qualifying saw Fangio take pole position from Hawthorn, but practice was marred by the death of official Maserati driver Onofre Marimón.
Going into the Wehrseifen slight right hand/sharp left hand turn, Marimón's Maserati 250F failed to negotiate the corner while going down the downhill run to the corner, plunged down an embankment, the car somersaulted and he was killed instantly. Marimón's teammate Luigi Villoresi withdrew from the race, as did Owen Racing entered Maserati of Ken Wharton but the team's third car for Sergio Mantovani made the race start. Stirling Moss qualified third in his entered Maserati 250F ahead of Hans Herrmann and Paul Frère. Fangio and Karl Kling led the way in their two Mercedes. Hawthorn was an early retirement with a broken axle as were Moss, Frère and privateer Maserati driver Roberto Mieres. Hermann Lang, one of the pre-war stars of the Mercedes'silver arrows' spun out of his final Grand Prix appearance after ten laps. Gonzalez started and was running third but was so upset by Marimón's death he was called in after 16 laps to hand over to Hawthorn, who set off in pursuit of the Mercedes, he moved into second when Kling pursued Fangio relentlessly.
Late in the race, drizzle forced him to slow and he held second from Trintignant. Kling finished fourth ahead of Mantovani, the last driver to travel the full race distance, getting some points for a saddened Maserati. Kling claimed the fastest lap point. Just ten of the 23 qualifiers finished the gruelling race. With an elapsed time of 3 hours 45 minutes 45.8 seconds this was the longest F1 championship race in history, until the 2011 Canadian Grand Prix, which lasted just over four hours. The win pushed Fangio further ahead in the championship, now to the point where he had more than double the points of his nearest rival Gonzalez. A win in the next race at the Swiss Grand Prix could wrap up his second championship. Notes^1 – Includes 1 point for fastest lap Shared Drive – Car #1: González Hawthorn Drivers' Championship standingsNote: Only the top five positions are included. Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship
1953 Indianapolis 500
The 37th International 500-Mile Sweepstakes was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on Saturday, May 30, 1953. The event was part of the 1953 AAA National Championship Trail, was race 2 of 9 in the 1953 World Championship of Drivers. Bill Vukovich, after falling short a year before, earned the first of two consecutive Indy 500 victories. With the temperature in the high 90s, the track temperature exceeding 130 °F, this race is known as the "Hottest 500." Driver Carl Scarborough dropped out the race, died at the infield hospital due to heat prostration. Due to the extreme heat conditions, several drivers in the field required relief drivers, some relief drivers required additional relief. Vukovich, however, as well as second-place finisher Art Cross, both ran the full 500 miles solo. Sixteen year race veteran Chet Miller died in an accident in practice on May 15. Time trials were scheduled for four days. Saturday May 16 – Pole Day time trials Sunday May 17 – Second day time trials Saturday May 23 – Third day time trials Sunday May 24 – Fourth day time trialsVukovich qualified on pole, with a speed of 138.392 mph.
Polesitter Bill Vukovich dominated the race, leading 195 laps and recording fastest lap. The race is known as the "Hottest 500", with track temperatures exceeding 130 °F. Recent research, has suggested that the 1937 race had higher recorded temperatures. Half the drivers in the field used relief help, including: Duane Carter took over from Sam Hanks Paul Russo took over from Fred Agabashian Eddie Johnson took over from Jim Rathmann Gene Hartley and Chuck Stevenson took over from Tony Bettenhausen Bob Scott took over from Carl Scarborough Jim Rathmann took over from Bill Holland Duke Dinsmore and Andy Linden took over from Rodger Ward Johnny Mantz took over from Walt Faulkner Jackie Holmes and Johnny Thomson took over from Spider Webb Andy Linden and Chuck Stevenson took over from Jerry Hoyt Carl Scarborough retired from the race due to heat exhaustion, died at the infield hospital. Notes^1 – Includes 1 point for fastest lead lap First alternate: Eddie Johnson Pole position: Bill Vukovich – 4:20.13 Fastest lead lap: Bill Vukovich – 1:06.240 The purse for first place was $89,496.
One of the prizes awarded to the winner was a year's supply of dog food. The race was carried live flag-to-flag on the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network. Instead of being produced by 1070 WIBC-AM, the network pooled together talent and technical staff from all five of the major radio stations in Indianapolis; the broadcast was anchored by Sid Collins, featured on-air talent from WIBC, WFBM, WISH, WIRE, WXLW. The broadcast signed on at 10:45 a.m. local time, carried live through the conclusion, until 3:45 p.m. local time. The broadcast was carried on 135 stations in at least 35 states across the country, on Armed Forced Network to Europe and Asia. World Drivers' Championship standingsNote: Only the top five positions are included. Only the best 4 results counted towards the Championship. Indianapolis 500 History: Race & All-Time Stats – Official Site Van Camp's Pork & Beans Presents: Great Moments From the Indy 500 – Fleetwood Sounds, 1975 1953 Indianapolis 500 Radio Broadcast, Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network: Re-broadcast on "The History of the 500" – WFNI
1954 Italian Grand Prix
The 1954 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 5 September 1954 at Monza. It was race 8 of 9 in the 1954 World Championship of Drivers; the 80-lap race was won by Mercedes driver Juan Manuel Fangio after he started from pole position. Mike Hawthorn finished second for the Ferrari team and his teammates Umberto Maglioli and José Froilán González came in third. Notes^1 – Includes 1 point for fastest lap Pole position: Juan Manuel Fangio – 1:59.0 Fastest lap: José Froilán González – 2:00.8 Lap Leaders: Karl Kling 3 laps Juan Manuel Fangio 16 laps Alberto Ascari 41 laps Stirling Moss 20 laps Shared Drives: Car #38: Umberto Maglioli and José Froilán González Grand Prix Firsts: Umberto Maglioli. Luigi Musso had a shared drive in the 1953 Italian Grand Prix. Last Grand Prix appearance for: Jorge Daponte and Fred Wacker. Drivers' Championship standingsNote: Only the top five positions are included. Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points.
Auto racing is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition. Auto racing has existed since the invention of the automobile. Races of various sorts were organised, with the first recorded as early as 1867. Many of the earliest events were reliability trials, aimed at proving these new machines were a practical mode of transport, but soon became an important way for competing makers to demonstrate their machines. By the 1930s, specialist racing cars had developed. There are now each with different rules and regulations; the first prearranged match race of two self-powered road vehicles over a prescribed route occurred at 4:30 A. M. on August 30, 1867, between Ashton-under-Lyne and Old Trafford, a distance of eight miles. It was won by the carriage of Isaac Watt Boulton. Internal combustion auto racing events began soon after the construction of the first successful gasoline-fueled automobiles; the first organized contest was on April 28, 1887, by the chief editor of Paris publication Le Vélocipède, Monsieur Fossier.
It ran 2 kilometres from Neuilly Bridge to the Bois de Boulogne. On July 22, 1894, the Parisian magazine Le Petit Journal organized what is considered to be the world's first motoring competition, from Paris to Rouen. One hundred and two competitors paid a 10-franc entrance fee; the first American automobile race is held to be the Thanksgiving Day Chicago Times-Herald race of November 28, 1895. Press coverage of the event first aroused significant American interest in the automobile. With auto construction and racing dominated by France, the French automobile club ACF staged a number of major international races from or to Paris, connecting with another major city, in France or elsewhere in Europe. Brooklands, in Surrey, was the first purpose-built motor racing venue, opening in June 1907, it featured a 4.43 km concrete track with high-speed banked corners. One of the oldest existing purpose-built automobile racing circuits in the United States, still in use, is the 2.5-mile-long Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana.
It is the largest capacity sports venue of any variety worldwide, with a top capacity of some 257,000+ seated spectators. NASCAR was founded by Bill France, Sr. on February 21, 1948, with the help of several other drivers of the time. The first NASCAR "Strictly Stock" race was held on June 19, 1949, at Daytona Beach, Florida. From 1962, sports cars temporarily took a back seat to GT cars, with the FIA replacing the World Championship for Sports Cars with the International Championship for GT Manufacturers. From 1972 through 2003, NASCAR's premier series was called the Winston Cup Series, sponsored by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company cigarette brand Winston; the changes that resulted from RJR's involvement, as well as the reduction of the schedule from 48 to 31 races a year, established 1972 as the beginning of NASCAR's "modern era". The IMSA GT Series evolved into the American Le Mans Series, which ran its first season in 1999; the European races became the related Le Mans Series, both of which mix prototypes and GTs.
Turismo Carretera is a popular touring car racing series in Argentina, the oldest car racing series still active in the world. The first TC competition took place in 1937 with 12 races, each in a different province. Future Formula One star Juan Manuel Fangio won the 1940 and 1941 editions of the TC, it was during this time that the series' Chevrolet-Ford rivalry began, with Ford acquiring most of its historical victories. The two most popular varieties of open wheel road racing are the IndyCar Series. Formula One is a European-based series that runs only street race tracks; these cars are based around technology and their aerodynamics. With the highest speed record set in 2005 by Juan Pablo Montoya hitting 373 kph; some of the most prominent races are the Monaco Grand Prix, the Italian Grand Prix, the British Grand Prix. The season ends with the crowning of the World Championship for constructors. In single-seater, the wheels are not covered, the cars have aerofoil wings front and rear to produce downforce and enhance adhesion to the track.
In Europe and Asia, open-wheeled racing is referred to as'Formula', with appropriate hierarchical suffixes. In North America, the'Formula' terminology is not followed; the sport is arranged to follow an international format, a regional format, and/or a domestic, or country-specific, format. In the United States, the most popular series is the National Championship, more known as the IndyCar Series and known as CART; the cars have traditionally been similar though less technologically sophisticated than F1 cars, with more restrictions on technology aimed at controlling costs. While these cars are not as technologically advanced, they are faster because they compete on oval race tracks, being able to average a lap at 388 kph; the series' biggest race is the Indianapolis 500, referred to as "The Greatest Spectacle in Racing" due to being the longest continuously run race and having the largest crowd for a single-day sporting event. The other major international single-seater racing series is Formula 2.
Regional series include Formula Nippon and Formula V6 Asia, Formula Renault 3.5, Formula Three, For
Charles H. Wacker
Charles Henry Wacker, born in Chicago, was a German American businessman and philanthropist. He was Vice Chairman of the General Committee of the Commercial Club of Chicago, in 1909 was appointed Chairman of the Chicago Plan Commission by Mayor Fred A. Busse; as Commission chairman from 1909 to 1926, he championed the Burnham Plan for improving Chicago. His work to promote the plan included addresses, obtaining wide publicity from newspapers, publishing Wacker's Manual of the Plan of Chicago as a textbook for local schoolchildren. Charles's father Frederick Wacker, a brewer, was born in Germany. Charles Wacker was educated at Lake Forest Academy and thereafter at the University of Stuttgart and the University of Geneva, he worked in a commission house until 1880. After his father died in 1884, Wacker became president of the Wacker and Birk Brewing and Malting Company, he was president of the McAvoy Brewing Company, director of the Chicago Heights Land Association, Corn Exchange National Bank, Chicago Title and Trust Company, South Elevator Company, was part of a consortium of Chicago brewers who underwrote the methods that facilitated the commercialization of refrigeration machines.
Wacker was a director of the 1893 Columbian Exposition held in Chicago. Wacker Drive, built as part of the Burnham Plan, Charles H. Wacker Elementary School are named in his honor. Carl Smith. "The Plan of Chicago: Promotion". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved 2006-08-16. Chicago Public Library. "Chicago's Front Door". Archived from the original on 2006-08-20. Retrieved 2006-08-16. Encyclopedia of Chicago Online Chicago Plan Implementation
John Fitch (racing driver)
John Cooper Fitch was an American racing driver and inventor. He was the first American to race automobiles in Europe in the post-war era. In the course of a driving career which spanned 18 years, Fitch won such notable sports car races as the Gran Premio de Eva Duarte Perón – Sport, 1953 12 Hours of Sebring, 1955 Mille Miglia, the 1955 RAC Tourist Trophy, as well as numerous SCCA National Sports Car Championship races, he involved in Briggs Cunningham’s ambitious Le Mans projects in the early 1950s, was a member of the Mercedes-Benz sport car team. He competed in two World Championship Grands Prix. After retirement in 1964, Fitch was the manager of Lime Rock circuit, a former team boss of Chevrolet's Corvette racing team, his biggest legacy is motor sport safety, as well as pioneering work to improve road car safety, this has helped save countless lives. He had worked on advanced driver safety capsule systems, he was a track design consultant, as well as inventing many other automotive devices.
Into his 90s, Fitch was still a consultant, appeared at historic events. John Fitch was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1917, he was a descendent of the inventor of John Fitch. Fitch's stepfather was an executive with the Stutz Motor Company, which introduced him to cars and racing at an early age. In the late thirties, Fitch attended Kentucky Military Institute studied civil engineering at Lehigh University. While in 1939, he travelled to Europe and saw the last car race at Brooklands before the outbreak of World War II, he returned to the United States, sailed around the Gulf of Mexico in a 32-foot schooner from Sarasota to New Orleans. His first passion was not cars, it was airplanes, so it was not surprising that when war broke out, he volunteered to become a pilot, whilst in England on an extended trip around the world. In spring of 1941, he volunteered for the United States Army Air Corps, his service took him to North Africa, where he flew the A-20 Havoc and on to England. By 1944, Captain Fitch was a P-51 Mustang pilot with the Fourth Fighter Group on bomber escort missions, became one of the Americans to shoot down a German Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter.
Just two months before the end of the war, he was shot down himself while making an ill-advised third strafing pass on an Axis train and spent the rest of the war as a prisoner of war. When Fitch returned to the U. S. he was among many young pilots. Fitch opened an MG car dealership and began racing an MG-TC at tracks like Bridgehampton and Watkins Glen. Unlike many of his contemporaries, Fitch was good. So good in fact, he caught the attention of the wealthy racing enthusiast, Briggs Cunningham, who encouraged Fitch to start the 1951 season racing in Argentina. In 1950, Fitch raced his Ford Flathead engined Fiat 1100, which he soon modified into the "Fitch Model B", ended the year by driving a Jaguar XK120 in the Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours. In 1951, in addition to campaigning in his Fitch-Whitmore, he boosted his early reputation by winning the Gran Premio de Eva Duarte Perón – Sport in his Allard-Cadillac J2; as a result of that win, Juan Perón generously awarded him membership in the Justicialist Party, whilst the trophy and a kiss were given by Eva Perón.
He clinched the support of Cunningham, whose financial clout allowed Fitch to race. He was drove a Cunningham C-2 for the Cunningham team at several races, including the 1951 24 Hours of Le Mans, scoring a number of impressive victories in the early ‘50s at then-fledgling road courses like Elkhart Lake and Watkins Glen, was crowned the first SCCA National Sports Car Champion. In 1951, John raced an Effyh Formula Three car, winning at Bridgehampton and a class win at Giants Despair. In 1952, Fitch continued to race the Fitch-Whitmore as well as a Chrysler-engined Cunningham C4-R for the Cunningham team at several races, a works Sunbeam at the Alpine Rally. Seven years after shooting at Germans, he was racing their cars - a Porsche 356 at a race at the legendary Nürburgring, a Mercedes-Benz 300 SL prototype in the Carrera Panamericana, it was at Le Mans that Fitch came close to making Cunningham’s dream of an all-American Le Mans victory come true, after setting the fastest lap in his C4-R, he was forced to retire late in the race as a result of ‘bad fuel’.
During the race, Fitch was impressed by the new Mercedes-Benz 300 SLs, while Mercedes’ team chief engineer, Rudolf Uhlenhaut, impressed by Fitch’s performance, offered Fitch the opportunity to test the car at Nürburgring. Advised by Mercedes’s team manager, Alfred Neubauer, to take it easy, Fitch’s agenda was more aggressive as he saw this as an audition to join the Daimler outfit, he drove his allotted two laps as. Neubauer's response was to have Fitch do one more lap to prove. Fitch shaved a few seconds off his previous lap and the session ended with the proverbial, "We’ll be in touch if something comes up." He decided to make "something" happen, persuaded Neubauer to send a team of 300 SLs to Mexico for the Carrera Panamaricana, a race that the German team weren’t going to enter. Fitch’s persistence won, he was invited to Mexico City to pilot one of the team’s trio of cars and drivers Hermann Lang and Karl Kling, two coupes of the Germans and a new, but untried, roadster for Fitch. Fitch’s car kept throwing the treads off its tyres and he experienced a high-speed blowout that took out one of the shock absorber mounts, which affected the front suspension.
With Kling and Lang finishing first and second, putting Mercedes-Benz back on the ma