Richard Joseph Riordan is an American investment banker and politician who served as the 39th Mayor of Los Angeles, California serving from 1993 to 2001. He is a member of the Republican Party. To date, Riordan remains the most recent Republican to serve as Mayor of Los Angeles. Riordan, an Irish-American, was born in Flushing, New York and raised in New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York, he moved to Los Angeles to begin work as an attorney for the downtown law firm of O'Melveny & Myers in 1956, leaving in 1959 to become a partner of Nossaman LLP. When Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley announced his retirement, Riordan's interest turned to the 1993 mayoral election, it was to be a pivotal election for several reasons. Bradley had served in office for five terms, so the winner would be the first new face in two decades. During this time Los Angeles had witnessed a dramatic rise in crime gang violence and other problems damaging the city's quality of life; the booming economy of the previous three decades had fizzled.
Racial tensions had risen with the LAPD under Chief Daryl Gates, under sharp criticism for his tactics. Overshadowing all of these was the 1992 Los Angeles riots, which followed the state-level acquittal of the four LAPD officers charged with the videotaped beating of African-American motorist Rodney King. On election day, Riordan won a decisive victory, 54%–46%, becoming the first Republican mayor in over thirty years. Many of his proposals were blocked by the Democratic City Council or proved unfeasible in reality, he streamlined certain business regulations and established "one-stop" centers around the city for functions such as permit applications. He feuded with Gates' successor, former Philadelphia police commissioner Willie Williams, but oversaw a general decline in crime; that year, he was reelected in a landslide against California State Senator Tom Hayden. Riordan's tenure was marked by a controversy over the massive cost overruns occurring during the construction of the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Red Line subway, a project close to his heart.
At the same time, a little-known group called the Bus Riders Union sued the city – on the basis of racial discrimination – over diversion of funds from buses to Red Line construction, managed to force it into a ten-year consent decree in 1996 that eviscerated MTA funding for the construction of subway and light rail projects. Riordan has publicly regretted having signed the consent decree and counts it as the biggest mistake of his mayoral tenure. Riordan was succeeded in 2001 by James Hahn after being term-limited out of office. In the mayoral primary election that year, Riordan had endorsed his advisor and friend Steve Soboroff. Soboroff came in third in the nonpartisan race, Hahn and former California State Assembly Speaker Antonio Villaraigosa advanced to the runoff. In the runoff election, Hahn defeated Villaraigosa, whom Riordan endorsed for the second round of balloting. Villaraigosa would go on to beat Hahn in a 2005 rematch for Mayor. In 2002, Riordan, a moderate Republican, decided to seek the governorship.
He was opposed in the Republican primary election by conservative businessman Bill Simon and former California Secretary of State Bill Jones. Although he led early in the race by over 30%, he lost to Simon by 18%. Riordan was hampered by a conservative Republican party base that rejected his appeal to move the party toward the center. "We're an endangered species now," said Riordan. "If the Republican Party does what my opponents want, it will make us extinct." One controversial aspect of his loss was the fact that Governor Gray Davis' campaign spent millions of dollars running attack ads against Riordan helping the Simon campaign. Davis felt that he had a much better chance against the conservative Simon than the moderate Riordan and that the move was worth the risk. Riordan lost the primary, Davis went on to defeat Simon 47%–42% in the general election. In early 2003, Riordan began circulating a prototype of a weekly newspaper he intended to begin publishing that June; the Los Angeles Examiner was intended to be a locally focused and politically-independent publication.
It was never published. Riordan put the project on hold. In the 2001 election for Mayor, Riordan endorsed his friend and advisor Steve Soboroff in the primary and Antonio Villaraigosa in the general election. In 2005, he backed former State Assembly Speaker Robert Hertzberg in the primary and Antonio Villaraigosa in the general election. In both races, he chose not to endorse James Hahn. Riordan has played a role in City Council elections, becoming a major supporter of candidates Bill Rosendahl in 2005, Monica Rodriguez in 2007, Adeena Bleich in 2009. Rosendahl won the election in the Eleventh District. In 2013, Riordan endorsed mayoral candidate Wendy Greuel. Greuel was defeated by then-Councilmember Eric Garcetti. Riordan is the owner of the Original Pantry Cafe in Los Angeles, in operation since 1924, he owns Gladstones Malibu, open since 1972. "Still at sea: PLC Global Counsel law firm reivew 2003", 18 November 2003. Taub, Daniel. "Riordan made his fortune backing start-up ventures," Los Angeles
Owen McAleer was a Los Angeles, businessman, mayor of the city between 1904 and 1906. McAleer was born on February 3, 1858, in Canada, the son of Owen McAleer of Ireland and Mary Miller of England. In 1863 the family moved to Youngstown, where the elder McAleer died in 1865, leaving a wife and eight children, the youngest just 6 months old. In 1888 he moved to Los Angeles, on January 8, 1891, he and Rebecca B. Wanchope of Ireland were married, she died on August 4, 1893, at the age of 29. He married again, on April 5, 1898, to Gertrude E. Mullaly of Covington, when he was 40 and she was 28, he became a citizen of the United States on May 15, 1896, in 1897 he was on the board of directors of the 150-member East Side Cycling Club, with its clubhouse at 163 South Avenue 21 in today's Lincoln Heights. He owned and trained driving horses and rode them "on a sort of private speedway of his own, near Eastlake Park." He pushed the sport for others, as mayor he set aside a stretch of West Washington Street for a mile west of Western Avenue for use by "drivers who delight in vying with each other off the racetrack," and, according to the Los Angeles Times, "policemen have been given to understand that some latitude be allowed horsemen there."An automobile driven by Mayor McAleer struck and injured Charles Hughes, a delivery boy on a bicycle, on Central Avenue at Ninth Street the afternoon of July 17, 1906.
Three witnesses said that in their opinion the vehicle was exceeding the speed limit and that "in approaching the corner no warning was given by tooting the horn, that the occupants made no effort to assist the little fellow in any way." Called to the location by the boy's employer, "a stormy scene ensued," but McAleer "finally agreed to consider a bill for the repair of the bicycle."In 1935 the McAleers were living at 3817 South Main Street in today's Historic South Central. McAleer died on March 7, 1944, leaving his wife, Gertrude McAleer of 401 West 41st Street, a nephew, J. C. McAleer. A funeral service was held under the auspices of B. P. O. E, Lodge 99, with cremation following. After McAleer's father died, "There was no money for schooling and Owen began his business career as a small boy in the boiler works of W. B. Pollock."McAleer built the first steam boiler in Los Angeles. He became superintendent of the boiler works of the pioneer Baker Iron Works, resigning in September 1905 after he had become mayor.
He organized the Republic Iron & Steel Co. with Nat Wilshire. McAleer was general manager. After leaving the mayor's office, he returned to private business, retiring in 1914 when Republic Iron & Steel was dissolved, he was on a committee to investigate the feasibility of bringing water from the Owens River to Los Angeles and was a member of the committee that obtained the first land options in the Owens River Valley that led the project's fulfillment. He was a City Council member from the 1st Ward in 1902-04, mayor in 1904-06 and on the Board of Public Works in 1916-20; as mayor he was credited with establishing the first municipal playground — on Violet Street. McAleer was elected mayor on the Republican ticket on December 5, 1904, ousting Meredith P. Snyder, a Democrat. Among his accomplishments was the purchase of Sycamore Grove Park by the city. Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials: 1850—1938, Compiled under Direction of Municipal Reference Library City Hall, Los Angeles March 1938 Owen McAleer at Find a Grave An Ohio man reflects upon McAleer when he was a youth
George E. Cryer
George Edward Cryer was an American lawyer and politician. A Republican, Cryer served as the 32nd Mayor of Los Angeles from 1921 to 1929, a period of rapid growth in the city's population. During his administration, the Los Angeles City Hall and Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum were built, the city's population surpassed 1,000,000. Prior and subsequent to serving as mayor, he was a lawyer. Between 1929 and 1931, Cryer became engaged in a publicized libel court case with the Reverend Robert P. Shuler, a radio evangelist who accused Cryer of being a "grafter" who had entered office a poor man and left office a millionaire. Born on a farm in Waterloo, Douglas County, Cryer moved to southern California with his family in 1885, he was educated in the Redlands and Pasadena public schools and graduated from Los Angeles High School. When the Spanish–American War was declared in 1898, Cryer volunteered and served as a private in Company G, Seventh California Infantry, he was mustered out with rank of sergeant.
After his military service, Cryer enrolled at the University of Michigan Law School where he was the assistant editor of the Michigan Law Review. He graduated with honors and began the practice of law in Los Angeles in 1903. In September 1906, Cryer married Isabel Grace Gay. Mrs. Cryer was a graduate of the University of Michigan, though the two did not meet until they were both residents of Los Angeles. Cryer and his wife had Edward Gay Cryer and a daughter, Catherine Christine Cryer. Cryer's first public office was as first assistant United States Attorney, a position he held from 1910–1912, he served as the chief assistant Los Angeles City Attorney and the chief deputy Los Angeles County District Attorney. He gained fame for prosecution of public corruption. In 1917, he was the prosecutor in the corruption case brought against Los Angeles County Supervisor Richard H. Norton. Cryer was elected mayor of the City of Los Angeles in 1921 in a close election against the incumbent Meredith P. Snyder.
Cryer's campaign promised to close the "dens of vice," and attacked Snyder as being corrupt and unfit to be mayor. The Los Angeles Police Commissioner sent a telegram to the newspapers before the election asking, "Shall crime and protected vice continue, or will the voters and taxpayers elect George E. Cryer mayor?" Cryer billed himself as a non-politician: "I know nothing about politics, I shall never be a politician. I have an idea that the business of the City of Los Angeles can be conducted like any other business... effectively, efficiently." The Los Angeles Times backed Cryer, noting, "To talk with George E. Cryer is to know instinctively that he is not a politician clutching at straws for a'platform,' but that he is a quiet, effective man who does things."Cryer was re-elected mayor in 1923 and again in 1925—the latter election was for the first four-year mayoral term. His eight-year administration was a period of explosive population growth, as the city passed 1,000,000 in population, suburban sprawl began as businesses and residents moved west from the city's historic core.
During his administration, large public works projects were launched, including the construction of the Los Angeles City Hall, the Central Library, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Mulholland Highway. Cryer delivered the opening address and welcome the opening ceremony for the Coliseum on Armistice Day in 1923, he led a parade of floats from the countries of the world as part of a ceremony marking the dedication of City Hall; the city expanded its municipal-owned public utility system, Cryer was instrumental in the passage of the legislation that provided for the construction of the Hoover Dam and All-American Canal, providing water and electricity to Los Angeles. After the St. Francis Dam disaster in 1928, Cryer won national prominence and commendation for promptly accepting the city's responsibility for the disaster and agreeing to pay damages without the necessity of legal proceedings. Cryer was a leader in the successful effort to bring the 1932 Summer Olympic Games to Los Angeles.
In May 1924, he declared a citywide half-day holiday and urged city residents to fill the new Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum to capacity for Olympic try-outs. By filling the Coliseum, Cryer sought to demonstrate the city's desire to host the Olympic games. Cryer led a parade of athletes into the Coliseum for an event that included a boxing exhibition by Jack Dempsey. Cryer was an opponent of communism and the activities of the Industrial Workers of the World. On taking office in 1921, Cryer declared: "In this day of'isms' and I. W. W. Agitation, every enemy of our flag and country and institutions is carrying on this insidious propaganda of destruction, it is, therefore necessary and proper that the forces of law and order should be alive, on guard." Though Cryer had been elected to office as a reformer who would eliminate public corruption, Cryer's administration became the target of corruption claims. Cryer defended his integrity against such charges and asserted when he left office that "Los Angeles is now the cleanest large city in the country, far superior to any city anywhere comparable in size."Some historical accounts indicate that Cryer was controlled by the city's political boss, Kent Kane Parrot, a coterie of bootleggers and criminals, including "vice kingpin" Charles H. Crawford.
Indeed, the loosely organized crime syndicate operating within the city government became known as "the City Hall Gang" during the 1920s. Some have written that Cryer was a mere figurehead and that Parr
John Clinton Porter
John Clinton Porter was a U. S. political figure. The Los Angeles Times wrote that he represented a "unique mixture of reform politics and xenophobic Protestant populism took him quite from the junk yard to City Hall. Porter was a senior member of the Ku Klux Klan during its popular resurgence in the early 1920s, he was born on April 4, 1871 in Leon, Iowa to Reverend Josephus Clinton Porter and Mathilda Catherine Gardner. He served as the 33rd mayor of Los Angeles between 1929 and 1933 when he replaced George Edward Cryer, he survived a recall election in 1932. He ran for re-election twice more but was defeated in 1933 by Frank L. Shaw and in 1941 by Fletcher Bowron, he died of a heart and lung condition in Los Angeles, California on May 27, 1959. He was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in the Hollywood Hills. Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials: 1850—1938, Compiled under Direction of Municipal Reference Library City Hall, Los Angeles March 1938 John Clinton Porter at Find a Grave John Clinton Porter on IMDb
George Alexander (American politician)
George Alexander was a political figure who, from 1909 to 1913, served as the 28th mayor of Los Angeles, California. Born in Scotland's largest city, Glasgow, he moved with his parents to the United States at the age of 11. In 1862, during the second year of the Civil War, he married Annie Yeiser in Iowa and participated in combat after enlisting in the Iowa volunteers. After the war, he settled in the small Iowa city of Belle Plaine, in 1870 started his own grain and feed business. In 1887, at the age of 48, Alexander expanded his grain business. By 1892, he began his governmental career in the County Recorder's office. In 1901, he was elected to the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors and served until 1909. In 1909 he ran in a recall election against Mayor Arthur C. Harper, became Mayor of Los Angeles on March 26, 1909 and served until July 1, 1913. George Alexander died in Los Angeles seven weeks before his 84th birthday and is interred in the city's Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery
Benjamin Davis Wilson
Benjamin Davis Wilson was an American politician. He was known to the Native Americans as Don Benito because of his benevolent manner in his treatment of Native American affairs. Wilson, a native of Tennessee, was a fur trader before coming to California. Detained in Southern California while attempting to obtain passage to China, Wilson decided to remain there, he married Ramona Yorba, daughter of Bernardo Yorba, a wealthy and prominent landowner, purchased part of Rancho Jurupa in what would become Riverside County. Wilson was made Justice of the Peace for the Inland Territory and was entrusted with the care of Native American affairs, he was commissioned to deal with the hostile Ute tribe over their cattle rustling and other crimes against the ranchers. His marriage to his second wife, Margaret Hereford produced a daughter Ruth who would be mother to General George S. Patton Jr. commander of U. S. and allied forces during World War II. Wilson became the first non-Hispanic owner of Rancho San Pascual, which encompassed today's towns of Pasadena, South Pasadena, San Marino and San Gabriel.
Wilson was the second elected Mayor of Los Angeles for one term, Los Angeles County Supervisor 3 terms and served three terms as a California State Senator. Wilson came to California with the Workman-Rowland Party in 1841 seeking passage to China. In 1842 Wilson bought a key portion of Rancho Jurupa from Juan Bandini, a section that would be named Rancho Rubidoux. Encompassing most of present-day Rubidoux, California, as well as a significant portion of downtown Riverside, Wilson became the first permanent settler in the Riverside area. In 1844 he married his first wife, Ramona Yorba, whose father Bernardo Yorba, was the prominent Spanish landholder of Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana. Wilson gained esteem and was asked to assist with Native American affairs. Wilson accepted by becoming Justice of the Peace of the Inland Territory. In 1845 he was asked to pursue a band of marauding Native Americans led by an escaped neophyte from the San Gabriel Mission, who stole horses from the local ranchers; the Indians drove numbering in the thousands, up to the high desert near Lucerne.
In his pursuit, Wilson sent 22 men through the Cajon Pass and led another 22 into the depths of the San Bernardino Mountains. According to Trafzer, the resident Serrano let Wilson pass through their territory in pursuit of the raiders. Wilson sent his 22 men in pairs on a bear hunt, gathering 11 pelts. On their return trip to Jurupa, they gathered another 11 pelts, he named the place Big Bear Lake. The lake today is known as Baldwin Lake, after Elias J. "Lucky" Baldwin, while the name Big Bear Lake was re-applied to a reservoir built nearby in 1884. In 1850, Wilson was elected to the Los Angeles Common Council, a year he became the second elected mayor of Los Angeles after California was made a state, he served as a Los Angeles County supervisor. He was elected to three terms of the California State Senate. In 1854 Wilson established Lake Vineyard, his own ranch and winery near modern-day San Gabriel, California, he came into possession of adjoining Rancho San Pascual through a series of complicated land deals, which began with his lending money to the Rancho's owner Manuel Garfias in 1859.
In 1863 Wilson and Dr. John Strother Griffin, who had lent Garfias money — and with whom Wilson undertook many business deals in early Los Angeles, including railways, oil exploration, real estate and ranching — bought the entire rancho property outright, diverted water from the Arroyo Seco up to the dry mesa via an aqueduct called the "Wilson Ditch." In 1864 Wilson took the first white man's expedition to a high peak of the San Gabriel Mountains that would be named Mount Wilson. He hoped to harvest timber there for the making of wine vats; the Wilson Trail became a popular one or two-day hike to the crest of the San Gabriel Mountains by local residents for years to come. In 1873, Wilson and Griffin subdivided their land. Griffin sold 2,500 acres of his property to the "Indiana Colony," represented by Daniel M. Berry. In 1876, after the Colony had sold most of its allotted land and established what would become the City of Pasadena, Wilson began subdividing and developing his adjacent landholdings which would become the eastern side of the new settlement.
Wilson lived out his days in present-day San Gabriel. He gave several acres of property to his son-in-law James de Barth Shorb. Other parts developed as Alhambra. Wilson's first wife died in 1849, they would have four children of which one daughter Ruth would marry George Patton, Sr. and have a son who would become the World War II General George S. Patton, Jr; the Pattons would purchase Lake Vineyard. Wilson was buried in San Gabriel Cemetery; the last of his land holdings in the downtown Pasadena area were bequeathed to Central School on South Fair Oaks Avenue. Mount Wilson, a metromedia center for the greater Los Angeles area, is the most famous monument to Benjamin Wilson. Wilson Avenue in Pasadena and Don Benito School of the Pasadena Unified School District honor his name. Kielbasa, John R.. "Flores Adobe". Historic Adobes of Los Angeles County. Pittsburg: Dorrance Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8059-4172-X.. Read, Nat B.. Don Benito Wilson: From Mountain Man to Mayor: Los Angeles 1841 - 1878. An
Henry R. Rose
Henry Howard Rose was the 29th Mayor of Los Angeles from July 1913 to July 1915. He only served for one term, he was regarded as "anti- unionist". He was at first against the Mulholland annexation proposal but, after taking office, he switched positions. According to the Los Angeles Times, Rose was: " socialist and progressive, Rose was a crack pistol shot, winning many matches against the police chief."