Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

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Frederick IV
Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Friedrich IV von Sachsen-Gotha, by Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein.jpg
Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Ernst III of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Frederick of Saxe-Altenburg
Born(1774-11-28)28 November 1774
Died11 February 1825(1825-02-11) (aged 50)
HouseHouse of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
FatherErnst II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
MotherPrincess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen

Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Gotha, 28 November 1774 – Gotha, 11 February 1825), was the last duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

He was the third but second surviving son of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Charlotte de Saxe-Meiningen.

After the death of his older brother August without sons (1822), Frederick (the only surviving male of the house) inherited the duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

Frederick fought - after military training - in the Napoleonic campaigns and was heavily wounded; as a consequence of these injuries, he was constantly ill until his death. Because of his illness, he traveled for a long time seeking a cure. During these stays outside of his duchy, he left the government in hands of his secret advisor Bernhard August von Lindenau.

He only reigned three years and died unmarried; with him, the line of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg ended. After his death, his lands were repartitioned among his Wettin relations. Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld received Gotha, and changed his title to Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, although the two duchies remained technically separate in a personal union. Altenburg was thereafter ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, whose dukedom was transferred to Saxe-Meiningen along with Saxe-Saalfeld, which Saxe-Coburg gave up in return for receiving Saxe-Gotha.


Frederick's ancestors in three generations
Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Father:
Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Paternal Grandmother:
Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Dorothea Marie of Saxe-Gotha
Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
Maternal Grandfather:
Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Maternal Grandmother:
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Caroline Christine of Saxe-Eisenach


Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Born: 28 November 1774 Died: 11 February 1825
Preceded by
Emil Leopold August
Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Succeeded by
Ernst I
as Duke of Saxe-Gotha
Succeeded by
as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg