Vesterbrogade is the main shopping street of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The 1.5 km long street runs from the City Hall Square in the east to Pile Allé in Frederiksberg in the west where it turns into Roskildevej, on its way, it passes Copenhagen Central Station as well as the small triangular square Vesterbros Torv. It is one of four such -bro streets, the other being Nørrebrogade, Østerbrogade and Amagerbrogade, vesterbroghade originates in the 12th-century country road that led in and out of Copenhagens Western City Gate. The road passed Sankt Jørgens Bæk on its way to Valby, on 20 August 1624, Christian IV ordered that the road be cobbled, first to Vernedamsvej and all the way to Valby. The road was at this point called Alvejen (The Public Road= or Adelvejen and it is one of four such -bro streets. New buildings began to long the street in the 1850s. In 1866–67, Vesterbrogade was extended in a line from Tivoli to the Haymarket. The first section of the street, between the Vity Hall Square and the new Central Central Station, was out as a broad.
Among the buildings that were built along it, including Industriforeningens new Exhibition Building from 1872, at the turn of the 20th century, Vesterbros Passage was the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagens city centre. Most of the old buildings were replaced by new and larger ones over the course of the next decades, industriens Hus is the headquarters of the Confederation of Danish Industries. An expansion and complete make-over of the building was completed in 2013, next to the building is the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens. Saxo Towers, a complex consisting of four interconnected culinders, is currently under construction on the other side of the street. Axelborg, originally a building, now contains the headquarters of the Danish Agriculture. The former SAS Royal Hotel, now operated by Radison Blu, was designed by Arne Jacobsen and his Egg and Swan chairs were designed for the building. AArbejdernes Landsbank has their headquarters in the so-called Panoptikon Building at No.5, the small Savoy Hotel, known as Løvenborg, is one of the earliest examples of the art nouveau style in Copenhagen.
The building was designed by Anton Rosen who a few years designed the two buildings that flank thDet Ny Teater in the same style. The Association of Danish Law Firms is based at No.32, the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Societys former main building at No.59 is from 1780s. It now houses the Museum of Copenhagen, the former Vesterbro Pharmacy was built in 1853 to design by P. C
Carlsberg is an area located straddling the border of Valby and Vesterbro districts in central Copenhagen, Denmark approximately 2.4 km from the City Hall Square. The area emerged when J. C. Jacobsen founded his brewery in the district in 1847. The first brewing took place on November 11,1847, and production took place continuously ever since, until October 30,2008, the Jacobsen House Brewery is however still located in the district and produces specialty beers. The entire brewery grounds spread over more than 30 hectares and is currently being transformed into a new city district in Copenhagen, the area is dominated by numerous historic and restored 19th- and early 20th-century buildings, many of which have lavish ornamentations, as well as two historic gardens. The buildings have served a wide array of functions, some of which are not immediately associated with the production of beer. These include a lighthouse, Italianate villas and a museum, after the decision was made to close the brewery, plans were launched to redevelop the area into a new district. A master plan for the area draws on inspiration from classical, dense city centers with short, winding streets, passageways and it will feature ten slim towers.
The planned district will aim at sustainability and an urban life. The plan won the master planning category at the 2009 World Architecture Festival, Carlsberg covers an area of 33 hectares and lies at the junction of four districts. It is bordered by Vesterbro to the east, Valby to the west, Frederiksberg Municipality to the north, in search of better water supplies and more space, J. C. Jacobsens brewery located at the current site in 1847, after receiving a license from the King, construction of the new brewery started in January 1847 and the first batch of beer was brewed on 10 November 1847. Carlsbergs main building, today known as the Carlsberg Academy was inaugurated in 1853, in 1857 the brewery was devastated by a fire but the buildings were rebuilt the same year. In 1870 the brewery was extended with a brewery, which was leased by J. C. Jacobsens son Carl Jacobsen after disagreements with his father, Jacobsen established the Carlsberg Foundation and the Carlsberg Laboratory. Jacobsen terminated his sons lease and Carl founds his own brewery on a neighbouring premises, with his fathers consent he named it Ny Carlsberg, while Carlsbergs name was changed to Gammel Carlsberg.
Jacobsen died and his Carlsberg Foundation inherited his brewery, over the next decades, the Carlsberg Breweries are continuously extended with new buildings. In 1892 the Dipylon building is added, in 1987 the Carlsberg Laboratory building, in 1902, Carl Jacobsen founded the Ny Carlsberg Foundation as a subsidy under the Carlsberg Foundation, resulting in common ownership. The breweries built a joint tapping plant in 1903 and in 1906 they were merged under the name Carlsberg Breweries
The building consists of a total of 20 galleries accumulated between 1892 and 1895 through a series of extensions to designs by Vilhelm Dahlerup and Hack Kampmann. It now serves as a venue for conferences and other events, after purchasing Bakkegården and making it his family home, Carl Jacobsen expanded it with a winter garden in 1882. A passionate art collector, Carl Jacobsen used it for his sculptures which soon outnumbered the plants, in the autumn of 1882, he opened the collection to the public. He adapted most of the old rooms, leaving only galleries 2–4 unchanged, in 1915, Vagn Jacobsen, Carl Jacobsens son and successor as director of Carlsberg, turned it into a museum with exhibitions about the brewerys history. For many years it was the last stop on guided tours of the brewery but in 1999 Carlsberg opened a new visitor centre elsewhere, the building is made in red brick. Of particular note is the Empress Gallery which consists of a rotunda featuring four Ionic columns inline with the apse, the remaining galleries display variations in ornamentation of floors and ceilings and are toplit.
Carlsberg Museum is now rented out as a venue for conferences, dinners, receptions. It is administrated by Visit Carlsberg
Vestre Cemetery (Copenhagen)
Vestre Cemetery is located in a large park setting in the Kongens Enghave district of Copenhagen, Denmark. With its 54 hectares it is the largest cemetery in Denmark, beautifully landscaped, it serves as an important open space, popular for people to take a stroll, and look at the old graves and monuments. It is located southwest of the city center, between the Enghave, Sydhavn, Sjælør and Valby train stations on Copenhagens S-train system, the cemetery is one of five run by Copenhagen municipality. The other cemeteries are Assistens Cemetery, Brønshøj Cemetery, Sundby Cemetery, the cemetery has a Catholic section, and next to that is a Jewish cemetery. Vestre Kirkegård was opened on 2 November 1870 to accommodate an urgent need for adequate burial places for the population of Copenhagen. Assistens Cemetery, till the cemetery of the city, had long been unable to cope with the increasing number of burials. First a burial place for the poor, Vestre Kirkegaard became the burial place during the 1990s.
The cemetery is noted for its scenery, offers a maze of dense groves, open lawns, winding paths, overgrown tombs, tree-lined avenues, ponds. Many graves have distinctive gravestones, sculptures or large mausoleums and are eclectically placed, the cemeterys grounds boast a huge variety of trees with many rare species and is a heaven to birds and small mammals. Almost all the buildings in the grounds have been designed by Hans Jørgen Holm or Holger Jacobsen who succeeded him as resident architect for the Copenhagen Burial Services, Holm designed both the North Chapel and South Chapel as well as an office building the gate at the main entrance. It is unclear who were responsible for the design of the former inspectors house just inside the main entrance, the East Chapel was inaugurated in 1914 to a design by Holger Jacobsen but only remained in use until 1926. The Crossroads Project, designed by Schønher Landskab, is a project centred on the remains of the West Chapel. The complex is intended to serve a dual purpose both relating to the function as a burial place and as an open space and meeting place in the city.
The complex consists of two intersecting axes with the former Southern Chapel in its centre, the chapel was partly demolished, leaving only the central part as an open pavilion-like domed structure. The building is partly overgrown by ivy, the surrounding garden spaces of the two axes, creating a Greek cross, are confined by tall yew hedges and have a grass surface. Embedded in the lawns of the arms are narrow, rust coloured paths made of oxidized iron plates. At the end of each arm is a 9 metre tall rust coloured iron arch. The design of the project is inspired by Bramantes Tempietto in Rome, the latter is characterized by the garden being contained in the two axes of the garden, instead of the axes being the connecting feature of the surrounding gardens as is normally the case
Abel Cathrines Stiftelse
Abel Cathrines Stiftelse is a listed building in Abel Cathrines Gade between Vesterbrogade and Istedgade in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Completed in 1886, it was designed by Hermann Baagøe Storck and is an example of the National Romantic style. Presumably the illegitimate daughter of Wolf von der Wisch, a nobleman and she married Hans Hansen Oster who was a bookkeeper at Proviantgården on Slotsholmen in Copenhagen as well as inspector of Queen Sofie Amaliess estates on Lolland and Falster. The almshouses in Dronningens Tværgade were demolished in 1885 and replaced by a new building with residences for indigent women in the emerging Vesterbro district, the building was designed by Hermann Baagøe Storck and inaugurated on 31 October 1886. The building contained 31 residences which generally housed two women each, the north wing of the building contained a chapel. The charity was dissolved in 1949 and the building was ceded to Copenhagen Municipality, the chapel was dismantled in 1969.
Some of its inventory was handed over to the Copenhagen City Museum, the charitys archives are kept in Copenhagen City Archives at Copenhagen City Hall. On 31 October 1981, the building was squatted. The squatters left the building on 14 February 1982 and it was subsequently refurbished, Abel Cathrines Stiftelse is a symmetrical, four-winged building constructed in red brick. In the vestibule inside the entrance are two plaques, one of them reads, Abel Cathrine oprettede som enke efter proviantskriver Hans Hansen ved testamente af 27. December 1675 denne stiftelse til bolig for fattige, syge og sengeliggende mennesker, hendes navn bevares i taknemmelig hukommelse. and the other one reads Abel Cathrines boder var i Dronningens Tværgade fra 1676 -1885. Ved Magistratens omsorg og med kommunens hjælp flyttedes stiftelsen til denne bygning, der tages i brug den 31 oktober 1886, Guds nåde være over dette hus og dem som bor deri
Sluseholmen is an artificial peninsula in the South Harbour of Copenhagen, Denmark. It takes its name from Slusen, a lock immediately to the south and it is connected to Teglholmen by the Teglværk Bridge. Sluseholmen used to be dominated by industry, including a Ford car factory. As industry left the area, a plan was conceived to develop Sluseholmen into a canal district and this was the result of co-operation between Sjoerd Soeters, the Port of Copenhagen and the City of Copenhagen. Construction started in 2004, the first residents arrived in 2007, Sluseholmen today is dominated by the Sluseholmen Canal District development of 1,150 apartments, located on artificial islands and separated by dug-out canals. Its design has been inspired by the tower on Langebro. Along the eastern waterfront of the district lies a row of old, brightly-painted wooden sheds. When the canal district was planned, the intention was to relocate the boat club. Ultimately it was decided to spare the boat club and its premises to preserve the atmosphere, create an appealing juxtaposition of old and new.
The boat club has a restaurant open to the public, in late 2011, the third Copenhagen Harbour Bath opened at Sluseholmen. It was designed by Kasper Danielsen Arkitekter, the Teglværksbroen Bridge connecting Sluseholmen to Teglholmen opened in January 2011. The bridge was designed by the Danish architectural firm Hvidt & Mølgaard, Sluseholmen had a reputation for poor public transport serving the area. This was due to the delay in building a bridge to Teglholmen. Since September 2009, Sluseholmen has been served by Route 901/902 of the Copenhagen Harbour Buses
Carl Jacobsen House
The Carl Jacobsen House is the former home of Carl Jacobsen and one of the listed buildings in the Carlsberg area of Copenhagen, Denmark. In 1880, Carl Jacobsen purchased the property Bakkegården next to his fathers brewery and his wife Ottilia Jacobsen gave birth to their first child. Between mid-1887 and January 1890 the couple lost four children to disease, devastated by their loss, Carl Jacobsen demolished the old house and constructed a new home in the grounds. It was designed by the architect Hack Kampmann and completed in 1892, after Carl Jacobsens death in 1914, members of the family continued to live in the house until 1998. It was refurbished and is now used by Carlsberg for meetings, the house lies pulled back from the street and is entered through a rough iron gate flanked by Carlsberg Museum building on one side and a small round guardhouse on the other. The right side of the stands on a granite plinth and is built in red brick. The stills are made of glazed tiles and slate, and window frames are in red-painted wood, a flight of stairs leads up to the entrance which is sheltered by a roof supported by granite columns.
The lintel bears Carl and Otilia Jacobsens names in French, Bien faire—laisser dire, the left side of the main building is in red brick and has a richly decorated facade. There are Zodiac symbols around the cornices, the roof is clad in slate shingles and has copper flashings, ornamental chimneys and decorative wrough iron metalwork along the roof ridge. Many of the decorations, both internally and externally, refer to the Jacobsen family or their brewery. Carl and Ottilia Jacobsens names, as well as those of their children and of his parents and grand parents, the servants wing is decorated with glazed ceramic reliefs of grasses and fruits created by K. On the rear side of the house, a veranda with a rough iron balustrade runs along the full length of the building, overlooking the garden. A pavilion in Venetian style serves as a backdrop to the garden as seen from the house. It was completed by Hack Kampmann in 1895 and has a front where two marble columns support three arches. A balustrade runs along the edge of the roof, two parallel paths lined with copies of classical sculptures connect the two buildings.
Hackmann has designed an ice house which was built in 1896. In cold winters, the ice came from nearby Damhus Lake and was imported from Norway. Later the building was used for storing fruit and other produce from the garden
Ny Carlsberg Brewhouse
The Ny Carlsberg Brewhouse is a historic, listed building in the Carlsberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark, on the border between Vesterbro and Valby. The Ny Carlsberg Brewhouse was built by Carl Jacobsen as the new brewhouse of his Ny Carlsberg Brewery which he had founded after a conflict with his father, Carlsberg-founder J. C. It was designed by Vilhelm Klein and completed in 1901, replacing a smaller still to be seen on the opposite side of the road. The new brewhouse complex included a storage house to the east. In 1920 the brewhouse complex was extended northward by Carl Harild, when the facilities became outdated, the buildings were put to other use. In 2006, Carlsberg decided to close the Valby brewery and instead redevelop the area, in 2008, the year beer production on the site was discontinued, the brewhouse became a listed building. In early 2011 it was stripped of its inventory and most of its furnishings to prepare it for other use, the Ny Carlsberg Brewhouse is built in the Historicist style which characterizes the rest of the Carlsberg area.
The main source of inspiration comes from Italian Renaissance architecture, the buildings facade with its balcony is inspired by Palazzo Bevilacqua in Verona. On the roof stands Carl Johan Bonnesens large group sculpture Thors battle against the Jötunns, the group of figures was originally a competition proposal for a monument at Langelinie which was won by Anders Bundgaards Gefion Fountain. Carl Jacobsen subsequently asked Bonnesen to produce a copy for his new brewhouse