Esperanza Emily Spalding is an American jazz bassist and singer. Spalding was raised in Portland and was a musical prodigy, playing violin in the Chamber Music Society of Oregon at five years old, she was both self-taught and -trained on a number of instruments, including guitar and bass. Her proficiency earned her scholarships to Portland State University and the Berklee College of Music. In 2017, she was appointed Professor of the Practice of Music at Harvard University, she has won four Grammy Awards, including the Grammy Award for Best New Artist at the 53rd Grammy Awards, making her the first jazz artist to win the award. Spalding was born in Portland, Oregon, to an African-American father and a mother of Welsh, Native American, Hispanic descent, she was raised in the King, Alberta neighborhood in Northeast Portland, which at that time was at its height of gang violence. Her mother raised her brother as a single parent. Spalding has an interest in the music of other cultures, including that of Brazil, commenting that the melody and language of songs in Portuguese are inextricably connected.
Spalding's mother shares her interest in music. Spalding's mother took note of her musical proclivity when Spalding was able to reproduce Beethoven by ear on the family's piano. Spalding has credited watching classical cellist Yo-Yo Ma perform on an episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood as an integral part of her childhood, what inspired her to pursue music. By the time Spalding was five, she had taught herself to play the violin and was playing with the Chamber Music Society of Oregon. Spalding stayed with the group until she was fifteen years old, left as concertmaster. Due to a lengthy childhood illness, Spalding spent much of her elementary school years being home-schooled, but attended King Elementary School in northeast Portland. During this time, she found the opportunity to pick up instruction in music by listening to her mother's college teacher instructor, who instructed her mother in guitar. According to Spalding, when she was about eight, her mother studied jazz guitar in college.
Spalding said that she accompanied her mother to the classes, sat listening under the piano at home repeated what the teacher had played. Spalding played oboe and clarinet before discovering the double bass in high school, she sings in English and Portuguese. Spalding began performing live in clubs in Portland, Oregon, as a teenager, securing her first gig at fifteen years old in a blues club, when she could play only one line on bass. One of the seasoned musicians with whom she played that first night invited her to join the band's rehearsals to help her learn, her rehearsals soon grew into regular performances spanning a year. According to Spalding, it was a chance for her to stretch as a musician and growing beyond her experience, her early contact with these musicians who played with her fostered her sense of rhythm and helped nurture her interest in her instrument. She does not consider herself a musical prodigy, having said, "I am surrounded by prodigies everywhere I go, but because they are a little older than me, or not a female, or not on a major label, they are not acknowledged as such."
Spalding had intended to play cello, but discovered the bass when she was fourteen at the performing arts high school, The Northwest Academy, to which she had won a scholarship. The bass was a good fit for her. Spalding found school in general easy and dull, dropped out; when she was 15 or 16 years old, she started writing lyrics for music for the local indie rock/pop group Noise for Pretend, touching on any topic that came to mind. Although she had taken a few private voice lessons, which taught her how to project her voice, she said that her primary singing experience had come from singing in the shower, before she started performing vocals for Noise for Pretend, her desire to perform live evolved out of the compositional process, when she would sing and play to see how melody and voice fit together, but she acknowledges that performing both roles can be challenging. Spalding left high school at 16, after completing her GED, enrolled in a music scholarship in the music program at Portland State University, where she remembers being "the youngest bass player in the program."
Although she lacked the training of her fellow students, she feels that her teachers recognized her talent. She decided to apply to Berklee College of Music on the encouragement of her bass teacher, did well enough in her audition to receive a full scholarship. In spite of the scholarship, Spalding found meeting living expenses a challenge, so her friends arranged a benefit concert that paid her airfare. Spalding's savings did not last long and she considered leaving music for political science, a move jazz guitarist and composer Pat Metheny discouraged, he told her" and could make it if she applied herself. Gary Burton, Executive Vice President at Berklee, said in 2004 that Spalding had "a great time feel, she can confidently read the most complicated compositions, she communicates her upbeat personality in everything she plays."Ben Ratliff wrote in The New York Times in 2006 that Spalding's voice is "light and high, up in Blossom Dearie's pitch range, she can sing almost in a daydream" and that Spalding "invents her own feminine space, a different sound from top to bottom."
Spalding was the 2005 recipient of the Boston Jazz Society scholarship for outstanding musicianship. After graduation from college the same year, Spalding was hired by Berklee College of Music, becoming one of the youngest instructors in the institution's history, at age 20; as a teacher
Democracy Now! is an hour-long American TV, radio and internet news program hosted by journalists Amy Goodman, who acts as the show's executive producer, Juan González. The show, which airs live each weekday at 08:00 ET, is broadcast on the internet and by over 1,400 radio and television stations worldwide; the program combines news reporting, investigative journalism and political commentary. It documents social movements, struggles for justice, the effects of American foreign policy; the show is described as progressive by fans as well as critics, but Goodman rejects that label, calling the program a global newscast that has "people speaking for themselves." Democracy Now! Describes its staff as "includ some of this country's leading progressive journalists."Democracy Now Productions, the independent nonprofit organization which produces Democracy Now!, is funded through contributions from listeners and foundations such as the Ford Foundation, Lannan Foundation, J. M. Kaplan Fund, does not accept advertisers, corporate underwriting or government funding.
Democracy Now! was founded on February 19, 1996 at WBAI in New York City by journalists Amy Goodman, Juan Gonzalez, Larry Bensky, Salim Muwakkil, Julie Drizin. It aired on five Pacifica Radio stations. Goodman is the program's principal host, with Nermeen Shaikh as frequent co-hosts. Jeremy Scahill, an investigative reporter and co-founding editor for The Intercept, has been a frequent contributor since 1997. Democracy Now! began broadcasting on television every weekday shortly after September 11, 2001, is the only public media in the U. S. that airs on satellite and cable television and the internet. In June 2002, Democracy Now! Separated from Pacifica Radio and became an independent nonprofit organization. On February 19, 2016, Democracy Now! Marked 20 years on the air with an hourlong retrospective look back at "two decades of independent, unembedded news," with highlights chosen from over 5,000 episodes. Amy Goodman published a book entitled "Democracy Now!: 20 Years Covering the Movements Changing America," and launched a 100-city tour across the United States to mark the 20th anniversary of Democracy Now!, with scheduled broadcasts of the show recorded during her travels.
Democracy Now! began as a radio program broadcast from the studios of WBAI, a local Pacifica Radio station in New York City. In early September 2001, amid a months-long debate over the mission and management of Pacifica, Democracy Now! was forced out of the WBAI studios. Goodman took the program to the Downtown Community Television Center located in a converted firehouse building in New York City's Chinatown, where the program began to be televised. Only a few days on September 11, 2001 Democracy Now! was the closest national broadcast to Ground Zero. On that day Goodman and colleagues continued reporting beyond their scheduled hour-long time slot in what became an eight-hour marathon broadcast. Following 9/11, in addition to radio and television, Democracy Now! Expanded their multimedia reach to include cable, satellite radio and podcasts. In November 2009, Democracy Now! left their broadcast studio in the converted DCTV firehouse, where they had broadcast for eight years. The studio subsequently moved to a repurposed graphic arts building in the Chelsea District of Manhattan.
In 2010, the new 8,500-square-foot Democracy Now! studio became the first radio or television studio in the nation to receive LEED Platinum certification, the highest rating awarded by the U. S. Green Building Council. Democracy Now! is the flagship program of the Pacifica Radio network. It airs on several NPR member stations; the television simulcast airs on several PBS stations. Democracy Now! is available on the Internet as downloadable and streaming audio and video. In total, nearly 1,400 television and radio stations broadcast Democracy Now! worldwide. Democracy Now! and its staff have received several journalism awards, including the Gracie Award from American Women in Radio & Television. On October 1, 2008, Goodman was named as a recipient of the 2008 Right Livelihood Award, in connection with her years of work establishing Democracy Now! and in 2009, like her frequent guest Glenn Greenwald, was awarded the first annual Izzy Award for "special achievement in independent media." Her co-host Juan Gonzalez was inducted into the New York chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists' Hall of Fame on November 19, 2015.
Three journalists with Democracy Now!—including principal host Amy Goodman, news producers Nicole Salazar and Sharif Abdel Kouddous—were detained by police during their reporting on the 2008 Republican National Convention protests. Salazar was filming; as she yelled "Press!" she was knocked down and told to put her face in the ground while another officer dragged her backward by her leg across the pavement. The video footage of the incident was posted on the Internet, leading to a large public outcry against her arrest; when a second producer, approached, he too was arrested, charged with a felony. According to a press release by Democracy Now!, Goodman herself
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, the word slavery may refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs. Slavery existed in many cultures since the time before written history. A person could capture, or purchase. Slavery was legal in most societies at some time in the past, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries; the last country to abolish slavery was Mauritania in 2007. There are an estimated 40.3 million people worldwide subject to some form of modern slavery.
The most common form of modern slave trade is referred to as human trafficking. In other areas, slavery continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, forced marriage; the English word slave comes from Old French sclave, from the Medieval Latin sclavus, from the Byzantine Greek σκλάβος, which, in turn, comes from the ethnonym Slav, because in some early Medieval wars many Slavs were captured and enslaved. An older interpretation connected it to the Greek verb skyleúo'to strip a slain enemy'. There is a dispute among historians about whether terms such as unfree labourer or enslaved person, rather than "slave", should be used when describing the victims of slavery. According to those proposing a change in terminology, including Andi Cumbo-Floyd, slave perpetuates the crime of slavery in language. Other historians prefer slave because the term is familiar and shorter, or because it reflects the inhumanity of slavery, with "person" implying a degree of autonomy that slavery does not allow for.
Indenture, otherwise known as bonded labour or debt bondage, is a form of unfree labour under which a person pledges himself or herself against a loan. The services required to repay the debt, their duration, may be undefined. Debt bondage can be passed on from generation to generation, with children required to pay off their progenitors' debt, it is the most widespread form of slavery today. Debt bondage is most prevalent in South Asia. Chattel slavery called traditional slavery, is so named because people are treated as the chattel of the owner and are bought and sold as commodities. Under the chattel slave system, slave status was imposed on children of the enslaved at birth. Although it dominated many different societies throughout human history, this form of slavery has been formally abolished and is rare today; when it can be said to survive, it is not upheld by the legal system of any internationally recognized government. "Slavery" has been used to refer to a legal state of dependency to somebody else.
For example, in Persia, the situations and lives of such slaves could be better than those of common citizens. Forced labour, or unfree labour, is sometimes used to refer to when an individual is forced to work against their own will, under threat of violence or other punishment, but the generic term unfree labour is used to describe chattel slavery, as well as any other situation in which a person is obliged to work against their own will and a person's ability to work productively is under the complete control of another person; this may include institutions not classified as slavery, such as serfdom and penal labour. While some unfree labourers, such as serfs, have substantive, de jure legal or traditional rights, they have no ability to terminate the arrangements under which they work, are subject to forms of coercion and restrictions on their activities and movement outside their place of work. Human trafficking involves women and children forced into prostitution and is the fastest growing form of forced labour, with Thailand, India and Mexico having been identified as leading hotspots of commercial sexual exploitation of children.
Examples of sexual slavery in military contexts, include detention in "rape camps" or "comfort stations," "comfort women", forced "marriages" to soldiers and other practices involving the treatment of women or men as chattel and, as such, violations of the peremptory norm prohibiting slavery. In 2007, Human Rights Watch estimated that 200,000 to 300,000 children served as soldiers in current conflicts. More girls under 16 work as domestic workers than any other category of child labor sent to cities by parents living in rural poverty such as in restaveks in Haiti. Forced marriages or early marriages are considered types of slavery. Forced marriage continues to be practiced in parts of the world including some parts of Asia and Africa and in immigrant communities in the West. Sacred prostitution is where girls and women are pledged to priests or those of higher castes, such as the practice of Devadasi in South Asia or fetish slaves in West Africa. Marriage by abduction occurs in many places in the world today, with a national average of 69% of marriages in
Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
Jason Thomas Mraz is an American singer-songwriter who first came to prominence in the San Diego coffee shop scene in 2000. In 2002 he released his debut studio album, Waiting for My Rocket to Come, which contained the hit single "The Remedy". With the release of his second album, Mr. A-Z, in 2005, Mraz achieved major commercial success; the album peaked at number 5 on the Billboard 200 and sold over 100,000 copies in the US. In 2008 Mraz released his third studio album. We Dance. We Steal Things, it debuted at number 3 on the Billboard 200 and was an international commercial success due to the hit "I'm Yours". The song peaked at number 6 on the Billboard Hot 100, giving him his first top ten single, spent a then-record 76 weeks on the Hot 100, his fourth album, Love Is a Four Letter Word, peaked at number 2 on the Billboard 200, his highest-charting album to date. Mraz has won two Grammy Awards and received two additional nominations, has won two Teen Choice Awards, a People's Choice Award and the Hal David Songwriters Hall of Fame Award.
He has earned Platinum and multi-Platinum certifications in over 20 countries, has toured in North America, South America, Asia, the Middle East and parts of Africa. As of July 2014 Mraz has sold over seven million albums, over 11.5 million downloaded singles. His musical style, from rhythmic feeling to his use of nylon string guitars, has been influenced by Brazilian music. Mraz was raised in Mechanicsville, Virginia, he is of Czech and Slovak descent through his grandfather, who moved to the United States from Austria-Hungary in 1915. His surname is Czech for "frost", his parents, Tom Mraz and June Tomes, divorced. His father is a postal worker, his mother is vice president at a branch of Bank of America. Mraz has said he had an idyllic childhood: "My hometown of Mechanicsville was American. There were white picket fences, a church on every street corner, low crime and no drug use, it was a good place to grow up."While attending Lee-Davis High School, Mraz was a member of the cheerleading squad, school chorus, drama club.
He starred as Joseph in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat and as Snoopy in a play about the Peanuts characters. Mraz graduated in 1995. After high school, Mraz attended the American Musical and Dramatic Academy in New York City for about a year and a half to work in musical theater. In New York, a friend gave him a guitar, about to be thrown away, Mraz learned to play guitar. Guitar allowed him to write his own music. Mraz moved to the Shockoe Bottom neighborhood of Richmond, where he took a series of odd jobs, including elementary-school janitor, joined the Ashland Stage Company. Mraz enrolled at Longwood University in Farmville, Virginia, on a scholarship. Instead of attending classes, he headed west on a road trip that brought him to San Diego, where he decided to stay. Soon after moving to San Diego in 1999, Mraz became a roadie for the band Elgin Park, he met future band member Toca Rivera at the coffee house Java Joe's in the Ocean Beach neighborhood of San Diego, where he performed once a week for nearly three years, building a following in San Diego and online.
In 2001, Mraz released the live acoustic album Live at Java Joe's, performing with percussionist Rivera and bassist Ian Sheridan. The album featured Mraz's freelancing vocal style and several songs he would re-release, including "1000 Things", "You and I Both" and "Halfway Home." The album was made available to download on iTunes on March 11, 2008, under the title Jason Mraz: Live & Acoustic 2001. In late 2001, Mraz moved to Los Angeles. In 2002, he opened for Jewel on her tour. On October 15, 2002, Mraz released his first major label debut album, Waiting for My Rocket to Come, which peaked at number 55 on the Billboard 200; the lead single, "The Remedy", was co-written by music production team The Matrix, became Mraz's first top 10 single on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number 3, becoming one of the biggest songs of 2003. The song was inspired by a high school friend, diagnosed with cancer. At the time of the album's release, Mraz said that he did not like "The Remedy" and had not wanted it on the album because it had started as a special and experimental song and the record label had "chalked up this chorus".
The day after the album's release, Mraz played on "The Late Late Show With Craig Kilborn". On May 19, 2005, Waiting for My Rocket to Come was certified Platinum, for selling 1 million units. Mraz opened for Tracy Chapman in 2003 at the Royal Albert Hall in London. In 2004, while on tour, Mraz released a live album with an accompanying DVD, Not Again: Jason Mraz Live at the Eagles Ballroom, he performed with his touring band, including drummer Adam King, Rivera and keyboardist Eric Hinojosa, along with a guest appearance from Blues Traveler frontman John Popper. On July 26, 2005, Mraz released his second major label album, Mr. A–Z, produced by Steve Lillywhite for Atlantic Records; the album's lead single, "Wordplay", was produced by Kevin Kadish, entered the Billboard 200 at number 5. The album earned a Grammy Award nomination for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical, while Lillywhite received a nomination for Producer of the Year. Mraz began a long-running tour in support of Mr. A–Z at the San Diego Music Awards on September 12, 2005.
The tour featured several opening acts, including Bushwalla and Tristan Prettyman, with whom he had written the duet "Shy That Way" in 2002. Mraz opened for Alanis Morissette during her 2005 Jagged Little Pill Acoustic tour, and
Christopher Ashton Kutcher is an American actor and entrepreneur. He began his acting career portraying Michael Kelso in the Fox sitcom That'70s Show, he made his film debut in the romantic comedy Coming Soon, followed by the comedy film Dude, Where's My Car?, a box office hit. In 2003, Kutcher moved into romantic comedies, appearing in that year's Just Married and My Boss's Daughter. In 2003, he created and produced the television series Punk'd serving as host for the first eight of its ten seasons. In 2004, Kutcher starred in the lead role of the psychological film The Butterfly Effect. Kutcher subsequently appeared in more romantic comedies, including Guess Who, A Lot Like Love, What Happens in Vegas, No Strings Attached, he starred as Walden Schmidt on a Half Men. In 2013, Kutcher portrayed Steve Jobs in the biographical film Jobs. Since 2016, he has starred as Colt Bennett in the Netflix series The Ranch. Beyond entertainment, Kutcher is a venture capitalist, he is a co-founder of the venture capital firm A-Grade Investments.
At SXSW on March 14, 2015, Kutcher announced Sound Ventures, the successor to A-Grade Investments managing a fund backed by institutional funding. Kutcher has successfully invested in several high technology startups. Kutcher has investments in over 60 companies, the most prominent of which include Skype, Airbnb and Fab.com. Kutcher has invested in five startups as of August 2017 -- Neighborly, ResearchGate, Kopari Beauty, Lemonade -- marking his foray into the "insurtech" sector. Kutcher was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, to Diane, a Procter & Gamble employee, Larry M. Kutcher, a factory worker, he has Czech and Irish ancestry. Kutcher was raised in a "relatively conservative" Catholic family, he has an older sister named Tausha and a fraternal twin brother named Michael, who had a heart transplant when the brothers were young children. Michael has cerebral palsy and is a spokesperson for the advocacy organization Reaching for the Stars. Michael's cardiomyopathy caused Kutcher's home life to become stressful.
He has said he "didn't want to come home and find more bad news" about his brother, stating, "I kept myself so busy that I didn't allow myself to feel."Kutcher attended Washington High School in Cedar Rapids for his freshman year, before his family moved to Homestead, where he attended Clear Creek Amana High School. During high school, he appeared in school plays, his home life worsened when his parents divorced when he was 16. During his senior year, he broke into his high school at midnight with his cousin in an attempt to steal money. Kutcher was convicted of third-degree burglary and sentenced to three years of probation and 180 hours of community service. Kutcher stated that although the experience "straightened him out", he lost his girlfriend and anticipated college scholarships, was ostracized at school and in his community. Kutcher enrolled at the University of Iowa in August 1996, where his planned major was biochemical engineering, motivated to the desire to find a cure for his brother's heart ailment.
At college, Kutcher was kicked out of his apartment for being too "noisy" and "wild". Kutcher stated, "I thought I knew everything but I didn't have a clue. I was partying, I woke up many mornings not knowing what I had done the night before. I played way too hard. I am amazed I am not dead." To earn money for his tuition, Kutcher worked as a college summer hire in the cereal department for the General Mills plant in Cedar Rapids, sometimes sold his blood. While at the University of Iowa, he was approached by a model scout at a bar called The Airliner in Iowa City and was recruited to enter the "Fresh Faces of Iowa" modeling competition. After placing first, he dropped out of college and won a trip to New York City to the International Modeling and Talent Association Convention. After his stay in New York City, Kutcher returned to Cedar Rapids, before relocating to Los Angeles to pursue a career in acting. After participating in an IMTA competition in 1998, Kutcher signed with Next modeling agency in New York, appeared in commercials for Calvin Klein, modelled in Paris and Milan.
Following his success in modeling, Kutcher moved to Los Angeles after his first audition. He was cast as Michael Kelso in the television series That'70s Show, from 1998 to 2006. Kutcher was cast in a series of film roles, he appeared in the 2003 family film Cheaper By The Dozen as a self-obsessed actor. In the 2004 drama film The Butterfly Effect, Kutcher played a conflicted young man; the film received mixed to negative reviews, but was a box office success. In 2003, Kutcher produced and starred as the host in his own series, MTV's Punk'd, that involved hidden camera tricks performed on celebrities, he is an executive producer of the reality television shows Beauty and the Geek, Adventures in Hollyhood, The Real Wedding Crashers, the game show Opportunity Knocks. Many of his production credits, including Punk'd, come through Katalyst Films, a production company he runs with partner Jason Goldberg. A 2004 interviewer described Kutcher as a "hunky young actor is heading in all different directions at once", including "the hot L.
A. restaurant Dolce": "If anything, I'm a trier," says Kutcher between puffs of filtered Lucky Strikes. "I