Minnesota's 1st congressional district
Minnesota's 1st congressional district extends across southern Minnesota from the border with South Dakota to the border with Wisconsin. The First District is a rural district built on a strong history of agriculture, although this is changing due to strong population growth in Rochester and surrounding communities; the First District is home to several of Minnesota's major mid-sized cities, including Rochester, Winona, Owatonna, Albert Lea, New Ulm, Worthington. This district is represented by Republican Jim Hagedorn of Blue Earth. From early statehood until the latest redistricting after the 2000 census, the first district covered only southeast Minnesota. During the 20th century it was considered solidly Republican, though in recent years this is changing. In 2004, John Kerry received 48% of the vote in this Congressional district. Two years in 2006, Republican Representative Gil Gutknecht was defeated by Democrat Tim Walz. In March 2017, Walz announced that he would not run for reelection to Congress, instead would run for governor of Minnesota.
The district leans Republican with a CPVI of R + 5. Minnesota's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Le Sueur River
The Le Sueur River is a tributary of the Blue Earth River, 111 miles long, in southern Minnesota in the United States. Via the Blue Earth and Minnesota Rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 1,089 square miles, it is the largest tributary of the Blue Earth River, draining 31% of its watershed. Le Sueur River was named for a French explorer of North America; the Le Sueur River rises in Hartland Township in northwestern Freeborn County and flows northwardly, through the southwestern extremity of Steele County into Waseca County westwardly in a winding course into Blue Earth County, passing through St. Clair, it flows into the Blue Earth River southwest of Mankato three miles upstream of the Blue Earth's mouth at the Minnesota River. Its largest tributaries are the Cobb and Maple Rivers, which it collects from the south six and eight miles upstream of its mouth, respectively. A minor tributary of the Le Sueur River in Waseca and Steele Counties is known as the Little Le Sueur River.
The Le Sueur River flows in most of its course on till plains and on the plain of a former glacial lake, through incised ravines in its lower course. Extensions of the Big Woods, a tract of hardwoods that has since been converted to agricultural use followed the river's riparian corridor southward. According to the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency 84% of the larger watershed of the Blue Earth River is used for agricultural cultivation that of corn and soybeans. At the United States Geological Survey's stream gauge near the community of Rapidan, two miles upstream from the river's mouth, the annual mean flow of the river between 1940 and 2005 was 549 cubic feet per second; the highest recorded flow during the period was 24,700 ft³/s on April 8, 1965. The lowest recorded flow was 1.6 ft³/s on February 9, 1959. List of rivers in Minnesota
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean. A confluence, where two or more bodies of water meet together refers to the joining of tributaries; the opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from and flows away from the main stream. Distributaries are most found in river deltas. "Right tributary" and "left tributary" are terms stating the orientation of the tributary relative to the flow of the main stem river. These terms are defined from the perspective of looking downstream. In the United States, where tributaries sometimes have the same name as the river into which they feed, they are called forks; these are designated by compass direction. For example, the American River receives flow from its North and South forks.
The Chicago River's North Branch has the East and Middle Fork. Forks are sometimes left. Here, the "handedness" is from the point of view of an observer facing upstream. For instance, Steer Creek has a left tributary, called Right Fork Steer Creek. Tributaries are sometimes listed starting with those nearest to the source of the river and ending with those nearest to the mouth of the river; the Strahler Stream Order examines the arrangement of tributaries in a hierarchy of first, second and higher orders, with the first-order tributary being the least in size. For example, a second-order tributary would be the result of two or more first-order tributaries combining to form the second-order tributary. Another method is to list tributaries from mouth to source, in the form of a tree structure, stored as a tree data structure. A gallery of major river basins with tributaries Estuary
Mower County, Minnesota
Mower County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,163; the county seat is Austin. The county is named after John Edward Mower. Mower County comprises the Austin, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Rochester-Austin Combined Statistical Area. Lake Louise State Park is in the southeast part of the county near Le Roy. In 1852, Jacob McQuillin and his family settled. By 1855, the area had enough people to merit official formation and on March 1, 1856 Minnesota Governor Willis A. Gorman signed the act organizing Mower County; the county was named in honor of a member of the territorial legislature. Five people are elected as Mower County Commissioners. Commissioners work to provide services to people and communities while overseeing the cost of such services; the Mower County Board meets the first and fourth Tuesday of each month in the Board Room in the Lower Level of the Mower County Courthouse. The first meeting of the month begins at 1:00 PM while the others begin with departmental business at 8:30 AM with general business starting around 10:00 AM.
First District- Cities: Brownsdale, Mapleview and the 1st Ward, 1st Precinct of Austin Townships: Lansing Township, Red Rock Township, Udolpho Township, Waltham Township Commissioner: Tim Gabrielson Second District- Cities: Adams, Elkton, Grand Meadow, Le Roy, Sargeant, Taopi Townships: Adams Township, Bennington Township, Clayton Township, Dexter Township, Frankford Township, Grand Meadow Township, Le Roy Township, Lodi Township, Marshall Township, Pleasant Valley Township, Racine Township, Sargeant Township Commissioner:Raymond Tucker Third District- Cities: Lyle, Rose Creek and the 2nd Ward, 2nd Precinct of the City of Austin. Townships: Austin, Lyle and Windom. Commissioner: Jerry Reinartz Fourth District - The 4th District includes all of the 3rd ward of the city of Austin. Commissioner:Tony Bennett Fifth District - The 5th District includes the 1st Ward, 2nd Precinct and the 2nd Ward 1st Princt of the City of Austin. Commissioner: Mike Ankeny According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 712 square miles, of which 711 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water.
Despite being one of only four counties in Minnesota without any natural lakes, Mower County does have four small ponds and lakes created by dams: East Side Lake: in the northeast quadrant of Austin Lake Louise: in Lake Louise State Park near Le Roy Mill Pond: in downtown Austin near the Hormel plant Ramsey Mill Pond: in Ramsey Golf Course, near the unincorporated settlement of RamseyThe Cedar River flows south into the county from its source in Dodge County and continues all the way through the county into Mitchell County, Iowa. It flows through Mower County's four westernmost townships: Udolpho, Lansing and Lyle. I-90 I-90 Bus. US 63 US 218 Minnesota State Highway 16 Minnesota State Highway 56 Minnesota State Highway 105 Minnesota State Highway 251 Dodge County Olmsted County Fillmore County Howard County, Iowa Mitchell County, Iowa Worth County, Iowa Freeborn County As of the 2000 census, there were 38,603 people, 15,582 households, 10,315 families residing in the county; the population density was 54 people per square mile.
There were 16,251 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. 4.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.9% were of German, 24.4% Norwegian and 7.0% Irish ancestry. There were 15,582 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,654, the median income for a family was $45,154. Males had a median income of $31,743 versus $23,317 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,795. About 6.3% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. All of Mower County's land is divided into 20 townships. Mower County is five townships wide and four townships from north to south. Lansing National Register of Historic Places listings in Mower County, Minnesota History Committee. Mill on the willow: a history of Mower County, Minnesota.:. Mower County Official Page Mower County Genealogy Mower County Fair
U.S. Route 65
U. S. Route 65 is a north -- south United States highway in midwestern United States; the southern terminus of the route is at U. S. Route 425 in Louisiana; the northern terminus is at Interstate 35 just south of Interstate 90 in Minnesota. Parts of its modern route in Iowa and historic route in Minnesota follow the old Jefferson Highway. U. S. 65 begins in Clayton and proceeds northward to Waterproof, St. Joseph, Newellton, all in Tensas Parish. At Newellton, it intersects with Louisiana State Highway 4 coming from the west. In Tallulah, it intersects Interstate 20, 30 miles north of this intersection it enters Arkansas. US 65 enters the southeast corner of Arkansas just north of Louisiana, it is designated as part of Arkansas' Great River Road from this point north through Lake Village, McGehee, Dumas. The Great River Road continues east onto US 165. US 65 entered Pine Bluff traveling northwest along Harding Avenue, turning north along Ohio Street west through downtown along 5th and 6th Avenues, where northbound traffic used 5th and southbound traffic used 6th, before converging onto 6th Avenue west of downtown.
The highway turned north along Blake Street and followed Dollarway Road, now designated Arkansas Highway 365, northwest into White Hall. US 65 was relocated to a bypass corridor on the north side of Pine Bluff, dubbed the Downtown Expressway. With the completion of the Interstate 530 bypass on the south side of Pine Bluff, US 65 was rerouted along Interstate 530, the Downtown Expressway was resigned US 65 Business; the original US 65 between Pine Bluff and Conway is now signed Arkansas Highway 365. US 65 entered Little Rock via what was Confederate Boulevard, turning west onto Roosevelt Road routing northbound traffic onto Scott Street, crossing the Arkansas River concurrently with US 67, US 167, US 70 along the Main Street Bridge to Main Street in North Little Rock; the highway in Little Rock was relocated five blocks west of Main Street to Broadway, where it crossed the Arkansas River via the Broadway Bridge. It was relocated east along Interstate 30. US 65 entered North Little Rock via the Main Street Bridge and continued with northbound traffic along Main Street, converging onto Main Street, diverging from US 67 and US 70 by turning west onto 18th Street.
The highway turned northwest along the east side of the railroad, along what is now Percy Machin Drive, paralleled the railroad into Conway. US 65 was relocated west, following the Broadway Bridge to a west turn on Broadway, proceeding under a rail overpass to turn north on Pike Avenue; as US 65 progressed into North Little Rock's Levy neighborhood, its alignment shifted east of the railroad along Pike Avenue, turning northwest along Parkway Drive to converge with its original route near the city's Amboy neighborhood. The Levy-to-Amboy segment was relocated again along the west side of the railroad via MacArthur Drive converging with its original route. US 65 was relocated east, through downtown along Interstate 30 following Interstate 40 to Conway. US 65 entered Conway via Harkrider Street, along what is now signed as Arkansas Highway 365, where it joined with US 64, running north through downtown; the highway was relocated along Interstate 40, where it joins its original route on the north side of town via the city's Skyline Drive.
US 65 continues north through Greenbrier and Marshall before crossing the Buffalo River near Tyler Bend. South of Harrison, the highway joins with US 62/412 heading northwest through Harrison before diverging from US 62/412 at Bear Creek Springs and continuing as a four-lane expressway into Missouri. US 65 enters Missouri between Omaha and Ridgedale, Missouri; the four-lane expressway continues through Branson toward the Springfield metro area. Through the Branson area, US 65 is built as a freeway. North of Branson is an interchange with Route 465 and U. S. Route 160. US 160 to Highlandville is the old alignment of US 65. Just north of Route EE, US 65 returns to freeway status; the freeway is called the "Schoolcraft Freeway" in Springfield, in honor of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. In Springfield are junctions with U. S. Route 60 and Interstate 44; the interchange with I-44 includes a flyover ramp connecting NB 65 with WB 44. Construction is underway to rebuild the interchange at US 60. In September 2011, US 65 became a six-lane divided freeway in Springfield between Interstate 44 and US 60.
It is the first six-lane highway to appear in Southwest Missouri. North of Springfield, it returns to a non-interstate highway. Through the town of Buffalo, the highway becomes two lanes with a center lane for left turns; this part of the highway has seen upgrades in recent years, such as rumble stripes and extending the middle turn lane to just outside the northern part of the city. From Buffalo to Preston, US 65 is two-lane highway, having an intersection with U. S. Route 54 at Preston. At Warsaw the highway crosses over the western end of the Lake of the Ozarks and becomes a four lane, non interstate highway again at the intersection with Missouri Route 7. At Sedalia is an intersection with U. S. Route 50, at Marshall Junction is an interchange with Interstate 70 and U. S. Route 40. In Marshall, the four-lane ends, US 65 is a two-lane highway all the way to Iowa. At Waverly