Freedb is a database of compact disc track listings, where all the content is under the GNU General Public License. To look up CD information over the Internet, a client program calculates a hash function from the CD table of contents and uses it as a disc ID to query the database. If the disc is in the database, the client is able to retrieve and display the artist, album title, track list and some additional information, it was based on the now-proprietary CDDB. Because it inherited the CDDB limitations, there is no data field in the freedb database for composer; this limits its usefulness for classical music CDs. Furthermore, CDs in a series are introduced in the database by different people, resulting in inconsistent spelling and naming conventions across discs; as of 24 April 2006, the database held just under 2,000,000 CDs. As of 2007, MusicBrainz – a project with similar goals – had a freedb gateway that allowed access to their own database; the gateway was shutdown on March 18, 2019. The original software behind CDDB was released under the GNU General Public License, many people submitted CD information thinking the service would remain free.
The license was changed and some programmers complained that the new license included certain terms that they couldn't accept: if one wanted to access CDDB, one was not allowed to access any other CDDB-like database, any programs using a CDDB lookup had to display a CDDB logo while performing the lookup. In March 2001, CDDB, now owned by Gracenote, banned all unlicensed applications from accessing their database. New licenses for CDDB1 were no longer available, since Gracenote wanted to force programmers to switch to CDDB2; the license change motivated the freedb project, intended to remain free. Freedb is used by media players, audio taggers and CD ripper software; as of version 6 of the freedb protocol, freedb returns UTF-8 data. Magix acquired freedb in 2006. MusicBrainz – a project with similar goals – released a freedb gateway in 2007, allowing users to harvest information from the MusicBrainz database rather than freedb.freedb.org and its services will be shut down on March 31 of 2020. Further freedb aware applications include: Asunder Audiograbber CDex cdrdao Exact Audio Copy foobar2000 fre:ac Grip JetAudio Mp3tag MediaMonkey puddletag Quod Libet List of online music databases MusicBrainz CDDB § Example calculation of a CDDB1 disc ID freedb.org
A military prison is a prison operated by the military. Military prisons are used variously to house prisoners of war, unlawful combatants, those whose freedom is deemed a national security risk by the military or national authorities, members of the military found guilty of a serious crime. Thus, military prisons are of two types: penal, for punishing and attempting to reform members of the military who have committed an offense, confinement-oriented, where captured enemy combatants are confined for military reasons until hostilities cease. Most militaries have some sort of military police unit operating at the divisional level or below to perform many of the same functions as civilian police, from traffic-control to the arrest of violent offenders and the supervision of detainees and prisoners-of-war; the Australian Defence Force has a single prison, the Defence Force Correctional Establishment at Holsworthy Barracks in Sydney. This prison houses military personnel sentenced to between 14 days to two years imprisonment.
In addition, there are 15 detention centres located within military bases across Australia. The Canadian Forces have one military prison, the Canadian Forces Service Prison and Detention Barracks, located at Canadian Forces Base Edmonton. Canadian Forces personnel who are convicted by military courts and receive a sentence of 14 days or more are incarcerated at CFSPDB. Men, although in the same prison, are kept separate from women; the prison is maintained and controlled by the Canadian Forces Military Police, although NCOs from various branches of the Canadian Forces serve at the prison as staff. Service personnel who are convicted of less serious offences are considered to be in "detention", undergo a strict military routine aimed at rehabilitation for their return to regular military service, whereas personnel convicted of more serious offences are considered to be in "prison" and upon completion of their sentence they are released from the military. Serious offenders with sentences longer than two years are transferred to the Canadian federal prison system after serving 729 days, to complete their sentence in the civilian prison system, followed by release from the Canadian Forces.
Any service personnel serving a sentence of 14 days or less are held in local base Military Police Detachment cells at the various Canadian Forces Bases within Canada. In Italy only one military jail now exists: the Santa Maria Capua Vetere. Under Italian law, only those in government service who are under investigation in front of a military court or are sentenced to the penalty of Reclusione Militare by a military or civil court are held there; those serving in the police corps are held in military jail. In Switzerland there are no special military prisons. Sentences are to be served in civilian prisons; the United Kingdom has one military correctional facility. The Military Corrective Training Centre, in the town of Colchester, is where non-commissioned servicemen and women who are convicted by military courts and sentenced to more than 28 days, but less than three years, will be incarcerated. Women, although in the same prison, are kept separate from men; the facility is controlled by the British Army's Military Provost Staff.
More serious offenders with longer sentences are transferred to HM Prison Service as part of their dishonourable discharge. There are three categories of prisoner: Those from the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, British Army, the Royal Air Force who are to remain in the Services after sentence and will serve their detention in A Company; those from the RN, RM, British Army and RAF who are to be discharged after their sentence and will serve their detention in D Company. Those held in Military custody awaiting the outcome of an investigation, or awaiting HM Prison or YOI placement; the United States military's equivalent to the county jail, in the sense of "holding area" or "place of brief incarceration for petty crimes," is known colloquially as the guardhouse or stockade by the army and air forces and the brig by naval and marine forces. U. S. military forces maintain several regional prisoner holding facilities in the U. S.. S. military prisons for names and locations. In the United States, differential treatment seems to be suggested, but by no means mandated, by the Founding Fathers in the Fifth Amendment to its constitution.
Members of the U. S. armed forces are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Male non-commissioned military personnel convicted by courts martial and sentenced to five or more years' confinement, male commissioned officers and male prisoners convicted of offenses related to national security end up at the United States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Enlisted male military convicts who received sentences of less than five years are confined at various regional confinement facilities operated by the U. S. Military both in the continental United States and abroad. All female military personnel convicted of felonies serve their sentences at the Naval Consolidated Brig, Miramar located at the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar near San Diego, California. In former times, criminals in the naval services, including those convicted of sodomy, were sent to the once-infamous Portsmouth Naval Prison, closed in 1974. Today’s American military prison systems are designed to house criminals who commit an offense while holding the job title of being in a branch of the military.
Military prisons have
Northampton was launched in 1740 as an East Indiaman and made one voyage in 1741 for the British East India Company. She was on a second voyage in 1744. For both voyages she was under the command of Captain Duncomb Backwell. Northampton left the Downs on 12 March 1741, she arrived at Whampoa on 12 August. On the return leg of her voyage she traversed the Bocca Tigris on 31 December, reached the Cape on 13 April 1742, St Helena on 25 May; the Indiamen Northampton, Queen Caroline, Royal George, Kent and snow Swift left St Helena on 26 June, together with their escorts, HMS Argyl and HMS Lynn. They arrived safe off of Dover on 16 September. Northampton arrived at Woolwich on 3 October. Northampton left the Nore on 20 July 1744, bound for China, she was in company with Hardwick, but they parted during a violent storm about 50 leagues east of Bourbon. Northampton was not heard of again. Notes Citations References Cotton, Sir Evan East Indiamen: The East India Company's Maritime Service.. Hackman, Rowan Ships of the East India Company..
Under the Sign of Hell is the third studio album by Norwegian black metal band Gorgoroth. Recorded in 1996 and released in 1997, it was the first album to feature Ares on bass and the only one to feature Grim on drums. Under the Sign of Hell was released on 20 October 1997 on Malicious Records, it was re-released in 1999 on Century Black, again in 2005 on Season of Mist. Agonia Records released the album on LP in 2005, limited to 1000 copies, Back on Black Records reissued the LP again in 2006. A remastered version was released in 2007 by Regain Records. Gorgoroth re-recorded the album as Under the Sign of Hell 2011, released in November 2011 by Regain Records; this re-recorded version was the last album with vocalist Pest. All tracks are written by Infernus. Pest – vocals Infernus – guitar.
Séamus Qualter is an Irish retired hurler and hurling manager. Born in Turloughmore, County Galway, Qualter played competitive hurling in his youth. At club level he is a one-time Connacht medallist with Turlougmore. In addition to this he won one championship medal with the club, he managed Westmeath to the inaugural ChristyRing Cup triumph in 2005. That same year he was coach and manager of the Irish Shinty team when they played Scotland in Inverness. In 2006 Westmeath defeated Dublin in the Leinster Senior hurling quarter final, he managed the team against Brian Cody's Kilkenny in the semi final in Mullingar. Westmeath lost the game 1-23 to 1-7 attended by a record for a Westmeath hurling game, he repeated his Christy Ring success in 2007. In 2011 he managed Roscommon to win division 2b of the national hurling league and in 2012 managed the same county to win the all Ireland b hurling title when they defeated Kildare in the final 3-17 to 3-16 in Thurles. After retirement from playing Qualter became involved in team coaching.
At club level he has managed St. Faithleach's Gaelic football team in Roscommon. During his tenure as manager of the Westmeath senior hurling team, Qualter delivered two Christy Ring Cup titles, while he took charge of the Westmeath minor hurlers, he served as manager of the Roscommon under-21 and senior hurling teams. His father, P. J. Qualter, played hurling for Galway from 1966 until 1977, while his son, Danny, is a rugby union player for Nottingham Rugby. TurloughmoreConnacht Senior Club Hurling Championship: 1985 Galway Senior Club Hurling Championship: 1985 Galway Minor Club Hurling Championship: 1984 Westmeath—Christy Ring Cup: 2005, 2007
Corleone is a 1978 Italian crime film known as Father of the Godfather. It is set in Sicily in the 1950s. Gemma was awarded 1979 Best Actor at the Montréal World Film Festival for his role. Giuliano Gemma: Vito Gargano Claudia Cardinale: Rosa Accordino Francisco Rabal: Don Giusto Provenzano Stefano Satta Flores: Lawyer Natale Calia Michele Placido: Michele Labruzzo Salvatore Billa: Carmelo Remo Girone: Biagio Lo Cascio Enrico Maisto: Matteo Aqueci Tommaso Palladino: Vincenzo Campisi Tony Kendall: Totò Sferlazzo Orazio Orlando: Prosecutor Corleone on IMDb