French legislative election, 1869

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French legislative election, 1869

← 1863 24 May and 1, 6 and 7 June 1869 1871 →

  First party Second party
  Émile Ollivier by Pierre-Louis Pierson, 1870.png Vuitry, Adolphe.jpg
Leader Émile Ollivier Adolphe Vuitry
Party Liberal Bonapartist Conservative Bonapartist
Leader's seat Seine Yonne
Seats won 120 92
Popular vote 3,412,920 2,681,580
Percentage 42.4% 32.5%

  Third party Fourth party
  Coubertin - The evolution of France under the third republic, 1897 (page 141 crop).jpg Léon Gambetta.jpg
Leader Adolphe Thiers Léon Gambetta
Party Monarchist Republican
Leader's seat Bouches-du-Rhône Bouches-du-Rhône
Seats won 41 30
Popular vote 1,218,900 893,860
Percentage 14.5% 10.6%

French National Assembly 1869.svg
Composition of the Corps législatif

Prime Minister before election

Adolphe Vuitry
Conservative Bonapartist

Elected Prime Minister

Prosper de Chasseloup-Laubat
Liberal Bonapartist

Parliamentary elections were held in France on 24 May and 1 June 1869, with a second round on 6 and 7 June.[1][2] These elections resulted in a victory for the regime of the Second Empire, but the opposition strengthened its presence in the legislature. Nationwide, the regime won 55% of the vote. In Paris, the opposition parties (mostly Republicans) won 75% of the vote; however, the regime won large majorities in the countryside.


Party Votes % Seats
Government candidates (Liberals) 4,455,000 55.0 120
Government candidates (Authoritarians) 92
Opposition candidates (Legitimists) 3,543,000 45.0 41
Opposition candidates (Republicans) 30
Invalid/blank votes 127,000
Total 8,125,000 100 283
Registered voters/turnout 10,416,666 78.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Kings and Presidents

Subsequent rioting[edit]

On the nights of June 8–9, 1869, the worst rioting in fifteen years, "the 'white overalls' riots",[3] erupted in several cities throughout France. In Paris, on June 8, demonstrators assembled on the Boulevard Montmartre and sang the "Marseillaise" (banned under the Second Empire until the Franco-Prussian War[4]); but that was over in an hour. In Belleville the crowd destroyed gas street lamps and shop fronts before marching down the Boulevard du Temple, where they attacked a police van, on their way to the Place de la Bastille, where thirteen people were arrested before order was restored at 2 a.m. by the sergents-de-ville (uniformed police). Many said that the police overreacted to the natural exuberance of the crowd at the favorable showing of liberal candidates in the election, and that the further disturbances on the 9th were in consequence. The crowds reached as far as the Place du Carrousel on at least one night, disrupting a gala soirée at the Tuileries Palace, although the emperor remained impassive in the face of a stream of telegrams and Émile Waldteufel's baton was steady.[3] On the 10th, the Prefect of Police issued a proclamation saying that such disturbances would no longer be tolerated. Cavalry and infantry units were brought in to patrol the streets. A total of 1100 persons were arrested and confined for a time in Bicêtre fortress.[5][6]

Similar disturbances took place on the 8th in Bordeaux and Arles, and on the 9th in Nantes.[5][6]


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p673 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ "France. Paris, 25 Mai". Journal des débats (in French). 26 May 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b Filon, Augustin (1920). Recollections of the Empress Eugénie. London: Cassell and Company, Ltd. p. 74. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
  4. ^ Filon, Augustin (1920). Recollections of the Empress Eugénie. London: Cassell and Company, Ltd. p. 90. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Sydney Morning Herald". Aug 7, 1869. p. 5. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Wanganui Evening Herald". Aug 14, 1869. p. 2. Retrieved April 2, 2013.