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Monoclonal antibody
TypeWhole antibody
TargetTGF beta 1, 2 and 3
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
  • Investigational
CAS Number
  • none
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass144.4 kg/mol g·mol−1
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Fresolimumab (GC1008) is a human monoclonal antibody[1] and an immunomodulator. It is intended for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and cancer[2][3] (kidney cancer and melanoma).

It binds to and inhibits all isoforms of the protein transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β).[2]


Fresolimumab was discovered by Cambridge Antibody Technology (CAT) scientists[4] and was one of a pair of candidate drugs that were identified for the treatment of the fatal condition scleroderma. CAT chose to co-develop the two drugs metelimumab (CAT-192) and fresolimumab with Genzyme. During early development, around 2004, CAT decided to drop development of metelimumab in favour of fresolimumab.[5]

In February 2011 Sanofi-Aventis agreed to buy Genzyme for US$20.1 billion.[6]

As of June 2011 the drug was being tested in humans (clinical trials) against IPF, renal disease, and cancer.[7][8] On 13 August 2012, Genzyme applied to begin a Phase 2 clinical trial in primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis[9] comparing fresolimumab versus placebo.

As of July 2014, Sanofi-Aventis continue to list fresolimumab in their research and development portfolio under Phase II development.[10]


  1. ^ WHO Drug Information
  2. ^ a b National Cancer Institute: Fresolimumab
  3. ^ Statement On A Nonproprietary Name Adopted By The USAN Council – Fresolimumab
  4. ^ Grütter, Christian; Wilkinson, Trevor; Turner, Richard; Podichetty, Sadhana; Finch, Donna; McCourt, Matthew; Loning, Scott; Jermutus, Lutz; Grütter, Markus G. (2008-12-23). "A cytokine-neutralizing antibody as a structural mimetic of 2 receptor interactions". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105 (51): 20251–20256. doi:10.1073/pnas.0807200106. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 2600578. PMID 19073914.
  5. ^
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  8. ^ for Fresolimumab
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