Mondercange is a commune in the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette in south-western Luxembourg. It derives its name from Mondercange; as of 2018 the commune has a population of 6,936 inhabitants. As of 2017, the town of Mondercange, which lies in the west of the commune, has a population of 3,532. Other villages within the commune include Bergem and Pontpierre. Mondercange is home to the Luxembourg Football Federation, the governing body for football in Luxembourg; the local football team FC Mondercange, who compete in Luxembourg's second-tier Division of Honour, play their home matches at the commune's Stade Communal. The karting track in Modercange was used by Michael Schumacher and Jarno Trulli, amongst others, at the beginning of their racing careers owing to Luxembourg's low age restrictions for karting licences. Media related to Mondercange at Wikimedia Commons
Differdange is a commune with town status in south-western Luxembourg, 17 miles west from the country's capital. It lies near the borders with Belgium and France and it is located in the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette. With a population of around 26,000, Differdange is the country's third largest city, it is the main town of the commune, other towns within the commune include Lasauvage and Oberkorn. Differdange is an industrial town, home to much of Luxembourg's steel production, much of its development occurred during its heyday. Today, Differdange still remains an important industrial center, with ArcelorMittal, the world's largest steel producer, retaining an important steel factory in the town. Notable landmarks in Differdange include the Maison de Soins de Differdange, an ancient Cistercian abbey dating back to 1235 and the Differdange Castle, located on a hill in the centre of the town, which dates from 1577 and is now used by Miami University; as such, Differdange is home to Miami University's Dolibois European Center, the University's European campus branch where students study abroad.
Differdange is home to football team FC Differdange 03. The era of the Cistercian cathedrals and abbeys was in full swing during the thirteenth century and Differdange did not deviate from this pattern. In 1235, Alexandre de Soleuvre founded the abbey of Differdange, which he donated to the order of Cîteaux; the Cistercian abbey welcomed only sisters from the nobility of Luxembourg. Subsequently, women from the Lorraine region of France and the present province of Luxembourg in Wallonia made their vows at Differdange. In 1552, the abbey sacked by French soldiers. However, it was during the French invasion of Luxembourg that the abbey and the town experienced real raids and innumerable rampages; the last abbess to direct the convent was Marie-Madeleine de Gourcy, who held office until 1796. After her mandate, the Order was formally dissolved; the Abbey of Differdange was auctioned off in 1797 and subsequently be bought by the commune of Differdange in 1929. In 1981 following its purchase by government of Luxembourg, the Differdange Abbey was transformed into a hospital and health center.
The Differdange Castle is one of the only remaining landmarks from the Renaissance period in the area. Although it has no known origin since all traced manuscripts have disappeared, squire listed was Wilhelm de Differdange, named in documents dating from 1310; the castle is the earliest example in Luxembourg of a château built in the Renaissance style. It was intended as a fortification. Differdange'e descendants were extinguished in 1400 with the death of his last grandson. In 1552, the castle underwent a disastrous fire, It was restored and occupied by Anna of Isenburg. Beginning in 1830, Luxembourg's steel industry evolved from and artisan stage to an industrial stage. In 1896, two blast furnaces were erected in Differdange with the name of "Société Anonyme des Hauts-Fourneaux de Differdange". Subsequently, eight other blast furnaces were built, allowing the production of steel beams known at the time as "Differdinger". On August 4, 1907, Differdange received its town status by William IV of Luxembourg.
During the 20th century, the industrial boom was at its peak, the population of Differdange rose from less than 4,000 in 1890 to 18,000 by 1930. In 1967, the "Société des Hauts-Fourneaux and Aciererie de Differdange" merged with several steel companies in Belgium and France to form ARBED, Luxembourg's largest steel company, which had numerous factories in Differdange; the town is located in the valley of the river Chiers, a tributary of the river Meuse which takes its source in the section of Oberkorn. Differdange has an altitude of 293 meters, the highest point of the municipality being at 427,1m at Koufeld; the commune spreads over 2,215 hectares. Its territory borders France, through the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle in the basin of Longwy. Differdange Lasauvage Niederkorn Oberkorn Émile Krieps a resistance leader and politician Jean Portante a writer of novels, plays, journalistic articles and poetry. J. the current Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Luxembourg since 2011SportÉtienne Bausch a footballer, competed at the 1924 Summer Olympics Émile Kolb a footballer, competed at the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics Bernard Fischer a footballer, competed at the 1928 Summer Olympics Paul Feierstein a footballer, competed at the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics Michael Maurer a boxer who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics Arnold Kieffer a footballer, competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics Fernand Ciatti a boxer, competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics Julien Darui a French football goalkeeper Gusty Kemp a footballer, played 20 times for the national team and competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics Paul Anen a fencer, competed at the 1948 and 1952 Summer Olympics Jean-Fernand Leischen a fencer, competed in three Summer Olympics Nicolas May a footballer, competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics Josy Stoffel a retired gymnast, competed in five consecutive Summer Olympics in 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960 & 1964 Rudy Kugeler a fencer, competed in the team épée at the 1960 Summer Olympics Ferd Lahure (b
Évrange is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Évrange is served by the N53 Route nationale. Communes of the Moselle department
Weiler-la-Tour is a commune and small town in southern Luxembourg. It is located south-east of Luxembourg City; the commune's administrative centre is Hassel. As of 2005, the town of Weiler-la-Tour, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 477. Other towns within the commune include Syren. Media related to Weiler-la-Tour at Wikimedia Commons
Hagen is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Communes of the Moselle department
Moselle is the most populous department in Lorraine, in the east of France, is named after the river Moselle, a tributary of the Rhine, which flows through the western part of the department. Inhabitants of the department are known as Mosellans. Moselle is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790, it was created from the former province of Lorraine. In 1793, France annexed the enclaves of Manderen, Lixing-lès-Rouhling, Créhange - all possessions of princes of the Duchy of Luxemburg - a state of the Holy Roman Empire, incorporated them into the Moselle département. One of its first prefects was the comte de Vaublanc, from 1805 to 1814. By the Treaty of Paris of 1814 following the first defeat and abdication of Napoleon, France had to surrender all the territory it had conquered since 1792. In northeastern France, the Treaty did not restore the 1792 borders, but defined a new frontier to put an end to the convoluted nature of the border, with all its enclaves and exclaves.
As a result, France ceded the exclave of Tholey as well as a few communes near Sierck-les-Bains to Austria. On the other hand, the Treaty confirmed the French annexations of 1793, furthermore, the south of the Napoleonic département of Sarre was ceded to France, including the town of Lebach, the city of Saarbrücken, the rich coal basin nearby. France thus became a net beneficiary of the Treaty of Paris: all the new territories ceded to her being far larger and more strategic than the few territories ceded to Austria. All these new territories were incorporated into the Moselle department, so Moselle had now a larger territory than since 1790. However, with the return of Napoleon and his final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the Treaty of Paris in November 1815 imposed much harsher conditions on France. Tholey and the communes around Sierck-les-Bains were still to be ceded as agreed in 1814, but the south of the Sarre department with Saarbrücken was withdrawn from France. In addition, France had to cede to Austria the area of Rehlingen as well as the strategic fort-town of Saarlouis and the territory around it, all territories and towns which France had controlled since the 17th century, which formed part of the Moselle department since 1790.
At the end of 1815 Austria transferred all these territories to Prussia, making for the first time a shared border for those two states. Thus, by the end of 1815, the Moselle department had the limits that it would keep until 1871, it was smaller than at its creation in 1790, the incorporation of the Austrian enclaves not compensating for the loss of Saarlouis, Rehlingen and the communes around Sierck-les-Bains. Between 1815 and 1871, the department had an area of 5,387 km², its prefecture was Metz. It had four arrondissements: Metz, Briey and Thionville. After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71 all of the Moselle department, along with Alsace and portions of the Meurthe and Vosges departments, went to the German Empire by the Treaty of Frankfurt on the grounds that most of the population in those areas spoke German dialects. Bismarck omitted only one-fifth of Moselle from annexation, The Moselle department ceased to exist on May 18, 1871, the eastern four-fifths of Moselle was annexed to Germany merged with the German-annexed eastern third of the Meurthe Department into the German Department of Lorraine, based in Metz, within the newly established Imperial State of Alsace-Lorraine.
France merged the remaining area of Briey with the truncated Meurthe department to create the new Meurthe-et-Moselle department with its préfecture at Nancy. In 1919, following the French victory in the First World War, Germany returned Alsace-Lorraine to France under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. However, it was decided not to recreate the old separate departments of Meurthe and Moselle by reverting to the old department borders of before 1871. Instead, Meurthe-et-Moselle was left untouched, the annexed part of Lorraine was reconstituted as the new department of Moselle. Thus, the Moselle department was reborn, but with quite different borders from those before 1871. Having lost the area of Briey, it had now gained the areas of Château-Salins and Sarrebourg which before 1871 had formed one-third of the Meurthe department and, part of the Reichsland of Alsace-Lorraine since 1871; the new Moselle department now reached its current area of 6,216 km², larger than the old Moselle because the areas of Château-Salins and Sarrebourg were far larger than the area of Briey and Longwy.
When the Second World War was declared on September 3, 1939 around 30% of Moselle's territory lay between the Maginot Line and the German frontier. 302,732 people, around 45% of the department's population, were evacuated to departments in central and western France during September 1939. Of those evacuated, around 200,000 returned after the war. In spite of the June 22, 1940 armistice, Moselle was again annexed by Germany in July of that year by becoming part of the Gau Westmark. Adolf Hitler considered Moselle and Alsace parts of Germany, as a result the inhabitants were drafted into the German Wehrmacht. Several organized groups were formed in resistance to the German occupation, notably the Groupe Mario
Dudelange is a commune with town status in southern Luxembourg. It is the fourth-most populous commune, with 19,734 inhabitants. Dudelange is situated close to the border with France; as of 2015, the town of Dudelange, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 19,734, making it Luxembourg's third-most populous town. The commune includes the smaller town of Budersberg, to the north-west; the Mont Saint-Jean, close to Budersberg, hosts the ruins of a medieval castle. Dudelange is an important industrial town that grew out of the three villages and a steel mill in 1900; the D in the name of the ARBED steel company merged into ArcelorMittal, stood for Dudelange. As well as the Dudelange Radio Tower, an FM radio and television transmitter, it is the site of the Centre national de l’audiovisuel, a cultural institute founded in 1989 under the aegis of the Ministry of Culture in order to preserve and exhibit Luxembourg's audiovisual and photographic heritage; the centre hosts a restaurant and a library focused on the visual arts.
Dudelange is home to the Luxembourg's most successful football club in recent times. F91 Dudelange won nine national titles between 2000 and 2011. Dominique Lang, Impressionist painter Jean Hengen was a Luxembourgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Luxembourg 1971-1990 Pierre Cao a Luxembourgian composer and conductor Germaine Goetzinger a Luxembourg writer, historian and feminist Jean Back a Luxembourg writer and civil servant Roland Bombardella a Luxembourgian soldier and retired sprinter, competed in the 1976 Summer Olympics Andy Bausch studied painting and photography, interested in rock musicSportErnest Mengel a Luxembourgian footballer, competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics Jos Romersa a Luxembourgian gymnast who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics Camille Libar a football player and manager from Luxembourg Nicolas Pauly a Luxembourgian footballer, competed at the 1948 Summer Olympics Raymond Wagner a Luxembourgian footballer, competed at the 1948 Summer Olympics Bernard Michaux a Luxembourgian footballer, competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics Victor Feller a Luxembourgian footballer, competed at the 1948 Summer Olympics Bruno Mattiussi a Luxembourgian boxer, competed at light middleweight at the 1952 Summer Olympics Fred Stürmer a Luxembourgian boxer, competed in the middleweight at the 1952 Summer Olympics Jean Schmit a Luxembourgian cyclist, competed in the individual and team road race events at the 1952 Summer Olympics Jean Aniset a Luxembourgian long-distance runner, competed in the marathon at the 1964 Summer Olympics Robert Schiel a Luxembourgian fencer, competed at the 1960, 1972 and 1976 Summer Olympics Roger Gilson a Luxembourgian cyclist, competed in the individual road race at the 1968 Summer Olympics René Peters a Luxembourgish football player, former captain of the national team Kari Peters a Luxembourger cross-country skier, competed at the 2014 Winter Olympics Ben Gastauer, professional cyclist Fleur Maxwell a Luxembourgian figure skater, competed in the 2006 Winter OlympicsPoliticsNicolas Biever a Luxembourgian politician Nicolas Estgen a retired Luxembourgish politician Bernard Berg a Luxembourgish politician and trade unionist Colette Flesch a Luxembourgish politician and former fencer, competed at the 1960, 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics Erna Hennicot-Schoepges a Luxembourgish politician Mars Di Bartolomeo a Luxembourgish politician Alex Bodry a politician from Luxembourg.
Lydia Mutsch a Luxembourgish politician Etienne Schneider a Luxembourg politician and economist, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Economy. Dudelange is twinned with: List of mayors of Dudelange Media related to Dudelange at Wikimedia Commons Commune of Dudelange official website Miscellaneous links