Megalechis is a small genus of freshwater catfish in the Callichthyinae subfamily of the armored catfish family. The name is derived from the Greek megas, meaning "great", the Greek lekis, meaning "plate". No uniquely derived features are known for Megalechis. A change in the synonymy of the species of Megalechis occurred in 2005, it is confusing because the name M. thoracata remains valid, but applies to the species known as M. personata, which becomes a new junior synonym of M. thoracata. On the other hand, the species known as M. thoracata is now named M. picta. There are two recognized species in this genus: Megalechis picta Megalechis thoracata Both species of Megalechis are distributed east of the Andes in the northern portion of South America, including the Amazonas and Orinoco rivers, as well as the coastal drainages of the Guyanas. M. thoracata is distinguished from M. picta by a comparatively shorter dorsal fin spine, the anal fin with six branched rays instead of an anal fin with five four, branched rays, the caudal fin dotted or dusky with a clearer band at the base of rays versus a caudal fin with a conspicuous transverse dark band and dark distal border.
Megalechis species grow to about 12–15 centimetres SL. Reproductive males have an developed pectoral fin spine, like that of Hoplosternum littorale. In M. thoracata, males are larger than females
Antony Paul Golec is an Australian professional footballer who plays for Malaysian club Perak FA as a centre back. Golec was a member of the inaugural Sydney FC National Youth League squad in 2008/2009. On 25 October 2008, Golec made his debut for Sydney FC against Melbourne Victory, he got his chance against Perth Glory and was praised by his coaches after the game of his great performance. He went on to make a total of 10 appearances for Sydney FC. On 26 September 2011, it was announced that Golec had signed a one-year contract with Adelaide United. On 22 December 2011, Golec made his debut for Adelaide United coming on the 82nd minute for Fabian Barbiero. Golec made his home debut as left back on 30 December 2011 against Wellington Phoenix, scoring his first A-League goal in the 61st minute, Adelaide went on to win 2–0. On 19 March 2012, it was announced Golec had signed an undisclosed contract with Adelaide United for a further two years, which will keep him in Australia until 2014. On 8 January 2014, after three years at the club, it was announced that Golec would be going to China to explore an opportunity to play for Chinese Super League side Liaoning Whowin.
On 4 February 2014, it was announced. On the same day he signed with Western Sydney Wanderers. However, since there are no spaces remaining in the club's A-League squad, Golec will only be eligible to participate in Western Sydney Wanderers's 2014 AFC Champions League campaign during the 2013–14 season. On 12 March, Golec made his debut in the starting 11 for the club against Chinese Super League side Guizhou Renhe in the 2014 AFC Champions League. Wanderers went on to win the game 1–0 away from home, it was announced in May that Golec re-signed with the Wanderers for a further season keeping him at the club for the 2014/2015 Hyundai A-League season. Golec was part of the squad which won the 2014 AFC Champions League, playing an important role throughout the campaign, he was part of the squad which participated in the 2014 FIFA Club World Cup, playing against Cruz Azul and ES Sétif. The Wanderers went on to finish 5th at the tournament. On 15 May 2015, Golec was released by Wanderers. On 23 May Golec joined Perth Glory on a 2-year deal keeping him at the club until the end of the 2016–2017 season.
Golec made his debut for the club on 11 August against Newcastle Jets in the FFA Cup. Perth Glory won 4–3 on penalties with Golec scoring one. On 15 January 2016 it was announced that Antony Golec would be leaving Perth Glory to take up an 18-month deal with Moldovan National Division team Sheriff Tiraspol. On 29 May FC Sheriff won the championship and qualification to UEFA Champions league with a 1–0 win against Dacia Chisinau. Golec played a major role for the club since arriving in January playing 13 games for FC Sheriff Tiraspol. On 22 June 2016 Golec signed a two-year contract with Persian Gulf Pro League club Persepolis. On 22 September Golec terminated his contract through FIFA due to unpaid wages. On 8 December 2016 Golec signed with K League Challenge club Bucheon FC 1995 for 2 seasons, Keeping him at the club until December 2018. On 22 February 2017, Golec's contract was terminated by mutual consent before the season opening. On 30 May 2017, Golec returned to the A-League, signing a one-year contract with Central Coast Mariners.
On 25 April 2018, Golec resigned with the club on a 1 year extension, keeping him at the mariners for the 18/19 Hyundai A-League season. On January 2019, Golec signed a contract with A-League club Wellington Phoenix, he arrives at the club via the Central Coast Mariners, where he played 31 games across one and a half seasons. Struggling for game time, he was released by the Mariners on Tuesday, paving way for Golec to join the Phoenix for the remainder of the season. Golec is the third player to join the Phoenix in the January transfer window, following the arrivals of former Republic of Ireland striker Cillian Sheridan and All Whites right-back Justin Gulley. On 26 August 2019, Golec signed one year contract with Liga 1 Indonesia club Badak Lampung, it was confirmed that he was registered as an Australian citizen, due to Badak Lampung need to fill a quota of foreign players from Asia, replacing Kunihiro Yamashita. He made his debut in a 0–1 away win against Persija Jakarta on 1 September. In 2009 Golec made his international debut for the Australian national Under 20 team's in Argentina, Playing full games against Uruguay and USA and making 2 more appearances.
Golec was part of the 30-man squad in the lead up to the 2009 FIFA Under 20's World Cup in Egypt. In 2010 Golec made his Australia Olympic football team debut under Paul Okon. Playing full games against DPR Korea, the Kuwait under 23 National team. On 19 October 2011, Golec was named in Holger Osieck and Aurelio Vidmar's joint Australia national team/Australia Olympic team Camp. On 24 February 2012, Golec was selected to be part of the Australian U23's squad for the 2012 London Olympic Qualifier matches against Uzbekistan and UAE. On 17 September 2017, he declared; as of match played 29 May 20161 – includes FIFA Club World Cup statistics.
Three-player mahjong is a variation of mahjong for three players rather than the more common four player variations. It is not a mere adaption of four player mahjong to suit only three players but has its own rules and idiosyncrasies that place it apart from the more standard variations; the equipment used and the basic mechanisms are much like four player variations though some tiles are removed, certain plays are prohibited and the scoring system is simplified. The game is embraced in some Asian countries while snubbed in others. Three-player mahjong is played in Japan and Malaysia; this article focuses on rules from the earlier two while other variations are covered in the following section. The rules given below are the most used rules in Korean/Japanese three player mahjong while optional house rules are listed afterwards. There are numerous possible house rules meaning three player mahjong can be as simple or complex as players prefer. Three-player mahjong is as old as mahjong itself, though it is speculated that mahjong originated as a game for only two players.
Korean/Japanese Three Player Mahjong, played in east Asia is an amalgamation of Old Korean Mahjong rules with some elements of Japanese rules including sacred discard and many bonus-points. Korean mahjong in the past included many elements of both traditional Chinese mahjong and the Japanese scoring system; the rules have changed and there are no standard rules, though this variation shown here reflects the old rules though adapted for modern three player play. An experienced player should be able to read the recap at the bottom of this section and understand the rules well. Non experienced. One of the motivations for playing with three players, is that finding a fourth may be difficult or that having one cancelling player ruins the possibility of playing at all and thus knowing how to play three player mahjong means players can play, or always playing three player mahjong limits the likelihood of someone cancelling. However, the dynamics of playing with three players is a good motivation when playing traditional Korean rules.
Three player Mahjong, is based on the Korean version adding a few Japanese elements. It is well suited to three players and has various ways to score points; the following is a basic presentation of the most used rules with a list of the many variations afterwards. Three Player Mahjong is played with a standard mahjong set with several tiles removed. First, the north wind is removed; the 2-8 of bamboo is removed. The four season tiles are removed but the four flowers are kept. There are no jokers or any other extra tiles Circles or Dots Numbered 1 to 9 Characters Numbered 1 to 9 All Four of 1 and 9 bamboo are used with 2–8 removed The East and West The White and Red Dragons The four flowers The circles and bamboo are called simple tiles. Of the dragons and winds there are three kinds of each with no numerical value. Of both simples and honours there are four matching tiles for each value. Dealing is the same as with Hong Kong Mahjong except the wall is smaller and four tiles are placed in the middle of the wall for flower replacements.
Each players hand consists of 13 tiles. In sequence, players discard one until a player has a legal hand; the majority of legal hands consists of one pair of identical tiles. Melds can consist of four tiles under certain conditions and there are a few uncommon and specific winning hands that have a unique composition that break all the rules. A game consists of players taking turns picking up a new tile from the wall and discarding as there are many ways such play can be interrupted. Hands consist of one matching pair of tiles. A chow is a set, it can only be made of circles or characters as the remaining bamboo suit allows for no consecutive numerical sequence anymore. Chows must contain three tiles, two or four tile chows are not permitted. A pong is a set. Examples would be three 2 of dots. A kong is a special type of pong. See below for the procedures for declaring a kong, it is the only set. On top of the 4 melds a winning hand must include an eye; the eye is a pair of tiles such as two 9 of bamboos.
Any simple tile or honour tile can be used. Three players start with the dealer with fourteen; the dealer begins by discarding one tile. All players must have only 13 tiles in their hand, not including flowers which are set aside nor the 4th piece of any kong they might have. Any Kong flower set aside, is replaced by a tile from the wall. After the dealer discards, the next player picks the next available tile from the wall and discards a tile. Play continues until a player forms a le
Sabertooth or sabretooth fish are small, fierce-looking deep-sea aulopiform fish comprising the family Evermannellidae. The family is small, with just eight species in three genera represented; these fishes are named for their oversized, recurved palatine teeth, similar to those of saber-toothed cats. The family is named Evermannellidae after Barton Warren Evermann, noted ichthyologist and director of the California Academy of Sciences. Sabertooth fishes have moderately compressed bodies which lack normal scales; the head is blunt. A number of shorter, straighter teeth accompany these fang-like teeth; the tongue is toothless. The eyes range in size from small to large; the lateral line runs uninterrupted. The different families have 44–54 vertebrae, with three discrete bands of muscle tissue present in the caudal region. Sabertooths do not have swim bladders, the stomach is distensible. A single high dorsal fin originates before the thoracic pelvic fins; the anal fin is the largest of the fins, runs along the posterior half of the fish, tapering in height towards the emarginated caudal fin.
A small adipose fin is present. The pectoral fins are positioned rather low on the body. All fins are spineless and pigmented in shades of brown. Sabertooth fish are a drab, light to dark brown when preserved; the naked skin is torn. The Atlantic sabertooth is the largest species, at up to 18.5 cm standard length. Nothing is known of the biology and ecology of evermannellids, they are active, visual predators and confine themselves to the mesopelagic zone, about 200–1,000 m down. At these depths little light is available; the sabertooth fish use their telescopic, upward-pointing eyes—which are thus adapted for improved terminal vision at the expense of lateral vision—to pick out squid and smaller fish silhouetted against the gloom above them. Their distensible stomachs allow sabertooth fish to swallow prey larger than themselves. Sabertooth fish are solitary animals, their reproductive habits are poorly studied. True synchronous hermaphroditism with external fertilization is known in Evermannella indica and Odontostomops normalops, the former species appears to spawn throughout the year.
Sabertooth fish larvae have long snouts and oblong eyes before metamorphosis. Both larvae and juveniles remain at shallower depths of 50–100 m, descending to deeper water with age. Froese and Daniel Pauly, eds.. "Evermannellidae" in FishBase. April 2012 version. Fishes: An introduction to ichthyology. Peter B. Moyle and Joseph J. Cech, Jr. Printed in 2004. Prentice-Hall, Inc. ISBN 0-13-100847-1
Luton is a town located in Woodbury County, United States. It is part of the Sioux City/Nebraska/South Dakota Metropolitan Statistical Area. Luton has a population of 370 people, according to the U. S. Census Bureau in the year 2000. Most of the youths residing there attend school at the Sergeant Bluff-Luton School District. Luton is located at 42°18′28″N, 96°17′14″W GR1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 km². 0.7 square miles of it is land and 1.47% is water. Luton is located on the floodplain of the Missouri River, near Interstate 29. Brown's Lake/Bigelow County Park and Snyder Bend County Park are nearby; as of the census GR2 of 2000, there were 370 people, 154 households, 97 families residing in the city. The population density was 554.4 people per square mile. There were 160 housing units at an average density of 239.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. There were 154 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.4% were non-families.
34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,396, the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $30,250 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,242. About 5.2% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over