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Fritz Pfenninger

Fritz Pfenninger was a Swiss cyclist. He was a specialist in six-day racing, winning a total of 33 events between 1956 and 1970, including 19 with Peter Post. 1956: Aarhus 1957: Copenhagen 1958: Münster, Zurich 1960: Münster 1961: Berlin, Frankfurt 1962: Essen, Zurich 1963: Cologne, Brussels 1964: Dortmund, Berlin, Zurich 1965: Berlin, Zurich 1966: Essen, Amsterdam, Quebec 1967: Bremen, Frankfurt, Anvers 1968: Montreal, Zurich 1970: Zurich Champion of Europe in 1962, 1964 and 1967 Fritz Pfenninger at Cycling Archives

Dawson Island

Dawson Island is an island in the Strait of Magellan that forms part of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, 100 km south of the city of Punta Arenas in Chile, part of the Municipality of Punta Arenas. It is located southeast of Brunswick Peninsula, it is lashed with harsh Antarctic weather. The settlements are Puerto San Antonio and Puerto Almeida; this area was inhabited for thousands of years by the indigenous peoples. At the time of European encounter, the Kawésqar lived on the island, they lived west throughout the islands west of Tierra del Fuego. Beginning in the late 19th century, Europeans began to settle in the region, developing large sheep ranches on the main island. Miners flocked to the area in search of gold. Chile used Dawson Island for an internment camp for the Selknam and other native people, to get them out of areas that settlers were trying to develop. Major sheep ranchers hired armed men to hunt down the indigenous people for bounty in the Selk'nam genocide, as they persisted on hunting in their former territory and considered sheep as game.

In 1890, the Chilean government granted Salesian missionaries from Italy a 20-year concession to Dawson Island to educate, care for, try to assimilate indigenous peoples into European-Chilean culture. One of the structures from the Salesian operation remains, it has been designated a Chilean national monument. After the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet used the island to house political prisoners suspected of being communist activists, including government ministers and close friends of the deposed President Salvador Allende, most notably Orlando Letelier, Luis Corvalán, Clodomiro Almeyda and José Tohá, they were under the strict control of the Chilean Navy. In addition, according to an International Red Cross report in 1974 and the Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation some 99 political detainees were held here who were sentenced to forced labor. Others have estimated. Members of the International Red Cross, BBC, Brazilian press corps were permitted to visit the camps.

In 1974 the military said they had released detainees from both camps. In 2009 director Miguel Littin released a film called Dawson, Isla 10, it was based on a memoir of the same name written by a former political prisoner. Media related to Dawson Island at Wikimedia Commons

Kentucky Route 239

Kentucky Route 239 is a 10.3-mile-long state highway in the U. S. state of Kentucky. The highway connects rural areas of Fulton and Hickman counties with the Tennessee state line. KY 239 begins at the Tennessee state line just east of Jordan, within Fulton County, where the roadway continues as Tennessee State Route 21. On the state line, it has an intersection with KY 116, it travels to the north-northeast and curves to the north-northwest. It curves to the north and intersects KY 166; the highway curves to the north-northeast and intersects the eastern terminus of KY 1128. It curves to the north and enters Cayce, where it intersects KY 94, it curves to the north-northeast and intersects the northern terminus of KY 1129. When the highway crosses over Little Bayou de Chien, it enters Hickman County. KY 239 continues to the north-northeast. Just southeast of Moscow, the highway intersects the western terminus of KY 1529 before it crosses over Bayou de Chien. KY 239 curves back to the north and crosses over Hurricane Branch before meeting its northern terminus, an intersection with KY 123.

Here, the roadway continues as Bakers Road. U. S. Roads portal United States portal

Jacob Ehrenhardt Jr. House

The Jacob Ehrenhardt Jr. House known as the 1803 House, is a historic home located at Emmaus, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, it was built in 1803 for Jr. a son of one of the town's founders. Built in 1803, the Jacob Ehrenhardt Jr. House is a 2 1/2-story, fieldstone house with a Federal side-hall plan, it was built for Jacob Ehrenhardt, Jr. whose father, Jacob Ehrenhardt, Sr. had been one of the founders of Emmaus as a settlement of the Moravian Church in 1747. The home's original owner, Jacob Ehrenhardt Jr. was a member of the Northampton County militia in 1782, served in the American Revolution. Expelled from the Moravian Church for serving in the military, he was reaccepted into the church, supported himself as a shoemaker and tavern keeper; this historic house has a 1 1/2-story, rear kitchen wing, features a slate-covered roof. Occupied into the 1950s, it was restored in the 1980s, it is open as a historic house museum. It had changed so that the toilet was near the old living room. A Rodale-funded restoration put furniture back in their correct rooms.

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. The house is open for tours by appointment by the Friends of 1803 House

Sydney Gardens

Sydney Gardens is a public open space at the end of Great Pulteney Street in Bath, England. The gardens are the only remaining eighteenth-century pleasure gardens in the country, they are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England. The gardens were laid out in the 1790s, to plans by Thomas Baldwin which were completed by Charles Harcourt Masters, as a commercial pleasure garden with a variety of attractions. Features included a maze, sham castle and an artificial rural scene with moving figures powered by a clockwork mechanism. Events included public breakfasts which were attended by Jane Austen among others, it was the venue for an annual flower show. The layout was affected by the construction of the Kennet & Avon Canal in 1810 and the Great Western Railway in 1840 which pass through the park; the gardens fell into decline. In 1908, the site was reopened as a park. Since 2015, work has been undertaken to improve the environment of the park and provide additional attractions for visitors.

The Sydney Hotel, built with the gardens, was the centre for entertainment. It is now the Holburne Museum. Other structures including the walls and bridges connected with the canal and railway are listed buildings along with small buildings now known as the pavilion and Minerva's temple and the public conveniences. After the redevelopment and renaming of Vauxhall Gardens in London in the 1780s, pleasure gardens were opened in many cities in the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the world; these incorporated Vauxhall into their titles as with the Bath Vauxhall Gardens. The gardens were constructed in the 1790s, opening in 1795 as a commercial pleasure grounds, following the development of Bathwick by Sir William Pulteney, 5th Baronet, across the River Avon from the city centre, it was funded by selling £100 shares. The original plans were by Thomas Baldwin and completed by Charles Harcourt Masters who included labyrinth, sham castle and an artificial rural scene with moving figures powered by a clockwork mechanism.

The gardens were illuminated by over 15,000 "variegated lamps". The Sydney Hotel was built within the gardens, it became the Holburne Museum. The original design for the hotel, prepared by Thomas Baldwin in 1794, was a two-storey building which would serve the pleasure gardens. After Baldwin was bankrupted his design for the hotel was not implemented. Instead a three-storey building was designed by Charles Harcourt Masters; the foundation stone was laid in 1796 and the building was ready by 1799. Visitors entered the gardens through the Hotel. Projecting from the rear of the building at first floor level was a conservatory and a semi-circular orchestra with a wide covered loggia below. Two semi-circular rows of supper boxes projected from the sides of the building; the gardens were used daily for promenades and public breakfasts which were attended by Jane Austen among others. At public breakfasts tea, coffee and Sally Lunn buns were served at about midday, followed by dancing. There were three evening galas each summer on the birthdays of George III and the Prince of Wales, in July to coincide with the Bath races.

During these galas the gardens were lit with thousands of lamps and the guests took supper accompanied by music and fireworks. Breakfasts, coffee-drinking, newspaper-reading and card-playing took place in the ground floor of the Hotel and dancing in a ballroom on the first floor. All the rooms could be hired for private meetings. In September 1802 André-Jacques Garnerin took off from the gardens in his hot air balloon. Around 1810 the Kennet & Avon Canal was built through the gardens with the canal company paying 2,000 guineas and being required to include'neat iron bridges'. Around the same time a clockwork moving model of a village with flowing water, known as "The Cascade" was constructed, however it was not well received and was removed within 10 years. In 1824 an aviary and cosmorama were added to the attractions. In 1840 the route of the Great Western Railway cut through the area, with the loss of several of the original buildings. In the 1860s a gymnasium and bandstand were constructed and courts laid for tennis and croquet.

During the first half of the 19th century the gardens hosted shows by the Bath Horticultural and Floral Society. These were popular and in 1877 Halfpenny Bridge, a pedestrian toll bridge, crossing the River Avon from Bath Spa railway station to Widcombe collapsed with the loss of about 10 lives amongst a large crowd going to the show in Sydney Gardens. In 1836 the hotel was changed into a private lodging house and an extra storey of bedrooms added; the two watchman's boxes outside the museum were added around 1840. From 1853 until 1880 the building was let to the Bath Proprietary College. In 1891 the original 99-year lease of Sydney Gardens expired and its financial affairs had to be wound up; the Hotel and gardens were sold, with plans published for the construction of a five-storey hotel to be built on the site. These plans were abandoned when the Empire Hotel was built on the opposite of the River Avon instead; the site was bought by Bath City Council in 1908 and reopened to the public in 1913.

The building remained empty and derelict until 1913 when it was acquired by the trustees of the Holburne of Menstrie Museum. Sir Reginald Blomfield was appointed to carry out the extensive restoration and alterations necessary to render the building suitable for museum purposes; the new Holburne Museum opened to the public on 6 June 1916. Throughout the 20th century the council parks committee carried out some restoration of

Malakand Levies

Malakand Levies is a paramilitary force in the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Malakand Division. It operates as the primary law enforcement agency tasked with maintaining law and order within the division; the force has its origins back in the days of the British Raj, has continued to function for over a century. The Malakand Levies Force was established in 1895 with an initial strength of 192 personnel, its main duties were to protect key government installations and communication routes. Over time this force was given additional duties, it is the only law enforcement agency in Malakand and performs the same duties as the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police. These include lodging of criminal investigation, writ executions, etc.. Mission creep expanded their responsibilities into VIP Escort, foreigner escort, duty with security forces, recovery of government dues, prisoner transportation and Highway Patrol; the Malakand Levies Force has a Federal Ministry of States and Frontier Regions budget for 2018-19 of Rs 551,587,000.

Sometime the Malakand Levy became part of the Swat Levies and in 1920, when the Swat Levies were reorganized, Sadullah Khan was appointed Subedar Major and thus became the first Subedar Major of Swat Levies. In 1950 regular police were introduced in Swat by conversion of the Levies personnel. In Chitral, the border police force was reorganized and separated from Swat Levies while in Dir district and Malakand Agency Levies personnel were given separate designations as Dir Levies and Malakand Levies; that personnel of Swat Levies who were serving in Malakand Agency formed the nucleus for the Malakand Levies. In Dir district, the police force was introduced in addition to the Levies but in Malakand, no additional force was recruited, thus Malakand Levies continued to perform the dual tasks of the police. The Malakand Levies worked on ad hoc and temporary bases and therefore were not entitled to the pension, except for a negligible gratuity; the Levies have an important relationship to the elite Special Services Group commandos of the Pakistan Army.

For the first two years when the SSG training base at Cherat was formed, 2 Naib Subedars, 6 Havildars and 18 Naiks of the Malakand Levies served as drill staff for the new SSG recruits from the Baloch Regiment. Until the 1990s Levies troops and NCOs trained SSG personnel in long-range reconnaissance patrolling in mountain conditions; the Malakand Levies comes under the administrative control of SAFRON Division, Government of Pakistan. The Commandant of Malakand Levies is the commanding officer of 1835 strong force while the Subedar Major is the second high-ranking officer after the commandant; when the strength of Levies was sanctioned in the first instance, the pay of a sepoy was Rs. 9 per month. It was increased to Rs. 121 per month later. After World War II, Rs. 11 per month were sanctioned as clothing allowance. Law enforcement in Pakistan Paramilitary forces of Pakistan