The Courts of Chaos (album)
The Courts of Chaos is an album released by American epic heavy metal band Manilla Road in 1990. This is the last album before the band split up, they reunited in 2001. "Road to Chaos" - 4:44 "Dig Me No Grave" - 4:21 "D. O. A." - 7:02 "Into the Courts of Chaos" - 5:23 "From Beyond" - 5:05 "A Touch of Madness" - 7:03 " The Impaler" - 3:27 "The Prophecy" - 7:01 "The Books of Skelos" - 8:08 "The Book of the Ancients" "The Book of Shadows" "The Book of Skulls" Reissued in 2002 by Iron Glory Records with a bonus track: 10. Far Side of the Sun - appeared on the Roadkill live album. Mark Shelton - vocals and guitars Randy Foxe - drums and keyboards Scott Park - bass Official Manilla Road site The Courts of Chaos album details The Courts of Chaos album details and review on Metal Storm
Sleep is an American doom metal power trio from San Jose, California. The band earned critical and record label attention early in its career. Critic Eduardo Rivadavia describes them as "perhaps the ultimate stoner rock band" and notes they exerted a strong influence on heavy metal in the 1990s. However, conflict with its record company contributed to Sleep's breakup by the end of the decade; the band reformed in 2009 and has played sporadic live dates internationally since. In 2018, Sleep released their comeback album, The Sciences, on Third Man Records, to critical acclaim. Sleep evolved in the early 1990s from the band Asbestosdeath, established by vocalist/bassist Al Cisneros, drummer Chris Hakius, guitarist Tom Choi. Asbestosdeath expanded to a quartet with the introduction of Matt Pike on guitar, recorded two singles - "Dejection" for Profane Existence and the self-released "Unclean". Choi departed, would found Operator Generator, It Is I, Las Vegas' Black Jetts. Asbestosdeath recruited Justin Marler as replacement and the band adopted the new name, Sleep.
Their debut album Volume One was released in 1991. Compared to bands like Saint Vitus, Sleep soon gained a devoted fanbase within the developing doom metal scene. Marler quit the band soon after to take up life as a monk, leaving the band as a power trio for the recording of their Volume Two EP, released by Off The Disk Records in 1991; the band's next album was sent to Earache, as a demo. Recorded at Razors Edge studios in San Francisco, with Billy Anderson as engineer, the tape showcased Sleep's love of all things retro, from the blatant Black Sabbath/Blue Cheer influences, to their fixation with 1970's-style tube amplification; the label signed the band and released the tape as it was received. Sleep's Holy Mountain is considered a seminal album in the evolution of stoner metal; the album's release was followed by a lucrative offer from London Records, Sleep signed with them. Around this time, Earache released its first Black Sabbath Tribute album, Sleep contributed a cover of "Snowblind". Under their new contract, Sleep began work on their third album, Dopesmoker, in 1995.
Much to the dismay of executives at London Records, Dopesmoker was a single song, over an hour long. London Records refused to release it, they had it remixed, cut up into sections by David Sardy, which led to a deadlock with the band, Sleep being unhappy with the result. Frustrated and unhappy with the situation, the members of Sleep decided to disband. In 1998, Sleep released Jerusalem as an "official bootleg". One year Jerusalem was given an official legitimate release by The Music Cartel in the US and Rise Above Records in Europe. In 2003 the original version of Dopesmoker was released by Tee Pee Records, it is considered the definitive version of the album. An excerpted version can be heard on Jim Jarmusch's Broken Flowers original soundtrack. Cisneros and Hakius formed the doom metal band Om while Pike formed sludge metal band High on Fire. In 2007 a CD compilation of both 7-inch releases of the pre-Sleep band Asbestosdeath was released on Southern Lord Records. In May 2009, Sleep reformed to perform two exclusive reunion sets in Britain as part of the All Tomorrow's Parties music festival.
In the shows the band performed for the first time an unheard song, written during the Dopesmoker recording sessions, titled "Antarcticans Thawed."After the band’s initial reunion performance, original drummer Chris Hakius decided to retire from music to raise a family, he was replaced on drums by Jason Roeder of experimental metal band Neurosis. The reconfigured lineup played the ATP New York 2010 music festival in Monticello, New York, where it performed Holy Mountain in its entirety; the band followed up this performance with a tour of the rest of the United States, playing headlining dates and festivals, through September. From 2010 onward, Sleep performed similar sporadic festival and touring engagements when the member's otherwise busy touring schedules permitted. In late 2012, in conjunction with an upcoming appearance at Maryland Deathfest, the band stated that it considers Sleep to be a "full, reunited band." In 2014 Al Cisneros announced in an interview. On July 21, 2014, a new song titled "The Clarity" by Sleep was released via Adult Swim Singles.
In November 2017 the band members posted a message in Morse code stating that they had finished recording material for a new album. On April 19, 2018, the band announced The Sciences, their first album in nearly 20 years, to be released the next day on Third Man Records; the release of The Sciences was a surprise, being released the day after it was announced, created a lot of excitement within their fanbase. The album's release date, April 20, 2018, was Record Store Day weekend. Third Man Records released a limited edition split-colored vinyl with an alternate cover to be sold at a limited number of record stores in the US on the release date; the album was met with critical acclaim. Pitchfork wrote in their review, " makes everything, great about Sleep better." Spin declared that the record gives "stoner-metal acolytes a bonafide miracle."On May 23, 2018, Sleep released a new song titled "Leagues Beneath" through Adult Swim Singles and Third Man Records. Musically, Sleep's sound has been characterized as stoner rock built upon slow, down-tuned bass playing alongside low guitar riffs.
Repetition is employed, working to create a "hypnotic state" supplemented by Al Cisneros' vocals. Sleep has used cannabis-influenced imagery s
Cheyenne Mountain Complex
The Cheyenne Mountain Complex is a military installation and defensive bunker located in unincorporated El Paso County, next to the city of Colorado Springs, at the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, which hosts the activities of several tenant units. Located in Colorado Springs is Peterson Air Force Base, where the North American Aerospace Defense Command and United States Northern Command headquarters are located; the center for the United States Space Command and NORAD, the Complex monitored the air space of Canada and the United States for missiles, space systems, foreign aircraft through its worldwide early-warning system. Since 2008, NORAD and the United States Space Command have been based at Peterson Air Force Base and the complex, re-designated as an air force station, is used for flight crew training and as a back-up command center if required; the military complex has included, in the past, many units of NORAD, U. S. Space Command, Aerospace Defense Command, Air Force Systems Command, Air Weather Service, Federal Emergency Management.
The complex's communication center is used by the nearby U. S. Civil Defense Warning Center; the complex was built under 2,000 feet of granite on 2 hectares. Fifteen three-story buildings are protected from movement, e.g. earthquake or explosion, by a system of giant springs that the buildings sit on and flexible pipe connectors to limit the operational effect of movement. A total of more than 1,000 springs are designed to prevent any of the 15 buildings from shifting more than one inch; the complex is the only high-altitude Department of Defense facility certified to be able to sustain an electromagnetic pulse. There is a large quantity of cots for most of the personnel, including suites for high-ranking officers within the bunker. Amenities include a medical facility, store and fitness centers inside and outside the mountain; the bunker is built to deflect a 30 megaton nuclear explosion as close as 2 kilometers. Within a mountain tunnel are sets of 25-ton blast doors and another for the civil engineering department.
The doors were built. Should a nuclear blast hit the building, they are designed to withstand a blast wave. There is a network of blast valves with unique filters to capture airborne chemical, biological and nuclear contaminants. Outside of the military complex are the parking lots, a heliport, a fire station, outdoor recreational facilities; the recreational amenities include Mountain Man Park, picnic areas, a racquetball facility, softball field, sand volleyball court, basketball court, a putting green, horseshoe area. A military gate limits NORAD Road usage from the State Highway 115 interchange; the complex has its own power plant and cooling system, water supply and it is the job of the 21st Mission Support Group to ensure that there is a 99.999% degree of reliability of its electricity, air conditioning and other support systems. The threats, in descending order of likelihood, that the complex may face are "medical emergencies, natural disasters, civil disorder, a conventional attack, an electromagnetic pulse attack, a cyber or information attack, chemical or biological or radiological attack, an improvised nuclear attack, a limited nuclear attack, a general nuclear attack."
The least events are the most hazardous. There is more water produced by mountain springs than the base needs, a 1.5-million-gallon reservoir ensures that in event of fire, there is enough water to meet the facility's needs. A reservoir of 4.5 million gallons of water is used as a heat sink. There is a "massive" reservoir for diesel fuel and a "huge" battery bank with redundant power generators; the North American Air Defense Command was established and activated at the Ent Air Force Base on September 12, 1957. This command is a bi-national organization, of Canadian and United States Air Defense Command units, in accordance with NORAD Agreements first made on May 12, 1958. In the late 1950s, a plan was developed to construct a command and control center in a hardened facility as a Cold War defensive strategy against long-range Soviet bombers, ballistic missiles, a nuclear attack. In 1957, the Strategic Air Command began construction in New England inside Bare Mountain for a hardened bunker to contain the command post for the 8th Air Force, located at nearby Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts.
This underground facility was nicknamed "The Notch" and was hardened to protect it from the effects of a nearby nuclear blast and designed so that the senior military staff could facilitate further military operations. Four years construction at Cheyenne Mountain was started to create a similar protection for the NORAD command post. Cheyenne Mountain was excavated under the supervision of the Army Corps of Engineers for the construction of the NORAD Combat Operations Center beginning on May 18, 1961, by Utah Construction & Mining Company; the Space Defense Center and the Combat Operations Center achieved full operational capability on February 6, 1967. The total cost was $142.4 million. Its systems included a control system developed by Burroughs Corporation; the electronics and communications system centralized and automated the instantaneous evaluation of aerospace surveillance data. The Space Defense Center moved from Ent AFB to the complex in 1965; the NORAD Combat Operations Center was operational April 20, 1966 and The Space Defense Command's 1st Aerospace Control Squadron moved to Cheyenne Mountain that month.
The following systems or commands became operat
The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath
The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath is a novella by American writer H. P. Lovecraft. Begun in the autumn of 1926, the draft was completed on January 22, 1927 and it remained unrevised and unpublished in his lifetime, it is both the longest of the stories that make up his Dream Cycle and the longest Lovecraft work to feature protagonist Randolph Carter. Along with his 1927 novel The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, it can be considered one of the significant achievements of that period of Lovecraft's writing; the Dream-Quest combines elements of horror and fantasy into an epic tale that illustrates the scope and wonder of humankind's ability to dream. The story was published posthumously by Arkham House in 1943, it is published by Ballantine Books in an anthology that includes "The Silver Key" and "Through the Gates of the Silver Key." The definitive version, with corrected text by S. T. Joshi, is published by Arkham House in At the Mountains of Madness and Other Novels and by Penguin Classics in The Dreams in the Witch-House and Other Weird Stories.
Randolph Carter dreams three times of a majestic sunset city, but each time he is abruptly snatched away before he can see it up close. When he prays to the gods of dream to reveal the whereabouts of the phantasmal city, they do not answer, his dreams of the city stop altogether. Undaunted, Carter resolves to beseech them in person. However, no one has been to Kadath and no one knows how to get there. In dream, Randolph Carter descends "seventy steps" and speaks of his plan to the priests Nasht and Kaman-Thah, whose temple - the Cavern of Flame - borders the Dreamlands; the priests warn Carter of the great danger of his quest and suggest that the gods withdrew his vision of the city on purpose. Carter meets the zoogs, a race of predatory and sentient rodents. For a novice, such an encounter could prove calamitous, but Carter is an experienced dreamer and so is knowledgeable of their language and customs; when Carter asks the zoogs about Kadath, they don't know. In the cat-laden city of Ulthar, Carter visits Atal, who mentions a huge carving wrought on Ngranek's hidden side that shows the features of the gods.
Carter realizes that if he can go to Ngranek, examine the carving, find a place where mortals share those features and are thus related to the gods, he must be near Kadath. Carter goes to Dylath-Leen to secure passage to Oriab. Dylath-Leen is infamous for the black galleys; these galleys are steered by oarsmen who are never seen and crewed by turbaned men that trade curious-looking rubies for slaves and gold. Randolph Carter's quest is interrupted when he is captured by the turbaned men and flown to the moon on one of their notorious black galleys. Once there, he learns. A procession of moon-beasts and their slaves escort Carter across the moon to deliver him to the Crawling Chaos Nyarlathotep, he is saved by the cats of Ulthar, who slay his captors and return Carter to earth's Dreamlands in the port of Dylath-Leen. Carter boards a ship sailing to a great seaport on the isle of Oriab. On the way to Oriab and while he travels across the island riding a zebra, Carter hears dark whispers about the night-gaunts, though they are never properly described.
Carter makes a treacherous climb across Ngranek and discovers the gigantic carving of the gods on its far side. He is surprised to see that the features match those of sailors who trade at the port of Celephaïs, but before he can act on this knowledge, he is snatched away by the night-gaunts and left to die in the Vale of Pnath in the underworld. Carter is rescued by friendly ghouls, amongst them Richard Pickman, a friend of Carter's, the protagonist of another of Lovecraft's stories, Pickman's Model and, now a ghoul, who agree to return him to the upper Dreamlands, they make their way to the terrible city of the gugs to reach the Tower of Koth, wherein a winding stairway leads to the surface. Finding the city asleep and the ghouls attempt to sneak past the snoring gugs; the ghasts, the gugs' traditional enemies, begin an attack, but the group manages to ascend the stairway and open the great trapdoor to the Enchanted Wood. Here Carter comes upon a gathering of zoogs and finds that they plan to make war on the cats of Ulthar.
Not wanting to see his friends harmed, Carter warns the cats, enabling them to launch a surprise attack on the zoogs. After a brief skirmish, the zoogs are defeated. To abate further hostilities, the zoogs agree to a new treaty with the cats of Ulthar. Carter buys passage on a galleon to Celephaïs. While en route, Carter asks the sailors about the men who trade in Celephaïs—the ones he believes to be kin to the gods, he learns that they are from the cold, dark land of Inquanok or Inganok and that few people dare to travel there. More ominous, there are no cats there; the plateau of Leng with its inhuman treacheries is too near. In Celephaïs, Carter meets the king of the city. Kuranes is an old dreamer whom Carter knew in the waking world, but when he died, he became a permanent resident of the Dreamlands. Longing for home, he has dreamed parts of his kingdom to resemble his native Cornwall. Kuranes knows the pitfalls of the Dreamlands all too well and tries to dissuade Carter from his dangerous quest.
Carter, will not be deterred. Under the pretense of wishing to work in its quarries, Carter boards a ship bound for Inganok, a nation built of onyx
Providence (Avatar Press)
Providence is a twelve-issue comic book limited series written by Alan Moore and illustrated by Jacen Burrows, published by American company Avatar Press from 2015 to 2017. The story is both a prequel and sequel to Moore's previous stories Neonomicon and The Courtyard, is part of H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos; the series is set in 1919 and centres on Robert Black, a gay writer working in New York as a reporter for the New York Herald. Black takes a leave of absence from his journalism career, with the intention of writing a Great American Novel using "the “Outsiders” “occult Outsiders”—whom he is on the trail of across New England—as a metaphor for social outsiders". Alan Moore researched the series – in a six-month period he acquired "nearly every book of criticism that’s been written"; the series is being collected into individual volumes: Providence Act 1 Limited Edition Hardcover Providence Act 2 Limited Edition Hardcover Providence Act 3 Limited Edition Hardcover The series has met with critical acclaim, holding an average score of 9.3 out of 10 at review aggregator website Comic Book Roundup.
Providence at Avatar Press Providence at the Grand Comics Database Providence at the Comic Book DB Fischer, Craig. "Providence: Lovecraft, Sexual Violence, the Body of the Other". The Comics Journal. Moore, Alan. "Alan Moore Talks About Providence". PREVIEWSworld. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Whittaker, David. ""Leng. We're All on Leng": Alan Moore's Providence and the Cthulhu Mythos". Sequart
Horror is a genre of speculative fiction, intended to frighten, disgust, or startle its readers by inducing feelings of horror and terror. Literary historian J. A. Cuddon defined the horror story as "a piece of fiction in prose of variable length... which shocks, or frightens the reader, or induces a feeling of repulsion or loathing". It creates an frightening atmosphere. Horror is supernatural, though it can be non-supernatural; the central menace of a work of horror fiction can be interpreted as a metaphor for the larger fears of a society. The horror genre has ancient origins with roots in folklore and religious traditions, focusing on death, the afterlife, the demonic and the principle of the thing embodied in the person; these were manifested in stories of beings such as witches, vampires and ghosts. European horror fiction became established through works by Ancient Romans; the well-known 19th century novel about Frankenstein was influenced by the story of Hippolytus, where Asclepius revives him from death.
Euripides wrote plays based on Hippolytos Kalyptomenos and Hippolytus. Plutarch's "The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans: Cimon describes the spirit of a murderer, who himself was murdered in a bathhouse in Chaeronea. Pliny the Younger tells the tale of Athenodorus Cananites. Athenodorus was cautious. While writing a book on philosophy, he was visited by a spectre bound in chains; the figure disappeared in the courtyard. The earliest recording of an official accusation of Satanism by the Church took place in Toulouse in AD 1022 against a couple of clerics. Werewolf stories were popular in medieval French literature. One of Marie de France's twelve lais is a werewolf story titled "Bisclavret"; the Countess Yolande commissioned a werewolf story titled "Guillaume de Palerme". Anonymous writers penned two werewolf stories, "Biclarel" and "Melion". Much horror fiction derives from the cruellest personages of the 15th century. Dracula can be traced to the Prince of Wallachia Vlad III whose alleged war crimes were published in German pamphlets.
A 1499 pamphlet published by Markus Ayrer is most notable for its woodcut imagery. The alleged serial killer spree of Giles de Rais have been seen as the inspiration for "Bluebeard"; the motif of the vampiress is most notably derived from the real life noblewoman and murderess, Elizabeth Bathory, helped usher in the emergence of horror fiction in the 18th century, such as through László Turóczi's 1729 book Tragica Historia. The 18th century saw the gradual development of the Gothic horror genre, it drew on the written and material heritage of the Late Middle Ages, finding its form with Horace Walpole's seminal and controversial 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto. In fact, the first edition was published disguised as an actual medieval romance from Italy and republished by a fictitious translator. Once revealed as modern, many found it anachronistic, reactionary, or in poor taste — but it proved popular. Otranto inspired Vathek by William Beckford, A Sicilian Romance, The Mysteries of Udolpho and The Italian by Ann Radcliffe and The Monk by Matthew Lewis.
A significant amount of horror fiction of this era was written by women and marketed towards a female audience, a typical scenario being a resourceful female menaced in a gloomy castle. The Gothic tradition blossomed into the genre modern readers call horror literature in the 19th century. Influential works and characters that continue resonating in fiction and film today saw their genesis in the Brothers Grimm's "Hänsel und Gretel", Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Jane C. Loudon's "The Mummy!: Or a Tale of the Twenty-Second Century", Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Thomas Peckett Prest's Varney the Vampire, Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, the works of Edgar Allan Poe, the works of Sheridan Le Fanu, Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray, H. G. Wells' The Invisible Man, Bram Stoker's Dracula; each of these works created an enduring icon of horror seen in re-imaginings on the page and screen.
A proliferation of cheap periodicals around turn of the century led to a boom in horror writing. For example, Gaston Leroux serialized his Le Fantôme de l'Opéra before it was a novel in 1910. One writer who specialized in horror fiction for mainstream pulps such as All-Story Magazine was Tod Robbins, whose fiction deals with themes of madness and cruelty. Specialist publications emerged to give horror writers an outlet, prominent among them Weird Tales and Unknown Worlds. Influential horror writers of the early 20th century made inroads in these mediums; the venerated horror author H. P. Lovecraft, his enduring Cthulhu Mythos pioneered the genre of cosmic horror, M. R. James is credited with redefining the ghost story in that era; the serial murderer became a recurring theme. Yellow journalism and sensationalism of various murderers, such as Jack the Ripper, lesser so, Carl Panzram, Fritz Haarman, Albert Fish, all perpetuated this phenomenon; the trend continued in the postwar era renewed after the murders committed by Ed Gein.
In 1959, Robert Bloch, inspired by the murders, wrote Psycho. The crimes committed in 1969 by the Manson family influenced the slasher theme in horror fiction of the 1970s. In 1981, Thomas Harris wrote Red Dragon. In 1988, the sequel to tha
Charles David George "Charlie" Stross is a British writer of science fiction, Lovecraftian horror, fantasy. Stross specialises in hard science space opera. Between 1994 and 2004, he was an active writer for the magazine Computer Shopper and was responsible for the monthly Linux column, he stopped writing for the magazine to devote more time to novels. However, he continues to publish freelance articles on the Internet. Stross was born in England, he showed an early interest in writing and wrote his first science fiction story at age 12. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in Pharmacy in 1986 and qualified as a pharmacist in 1987. In 1989, he enrolled at Bradford University for a post-graduate degree in computer science. In 1990, he went to work as programmer. In 2000, he began working as a writer full-time, as a technical writer at first, but became successful as a fiction writer. In the 1970s and 1980s, Stross published some role-playing game articles about Advanced Dungeons & Dragons in White Dwarf magazine.
Some of his creatures, such as the death knight, githyanki and slaad were published in the Fiend Folio monster compendium. His first published short story, "The Boys", appeared in Interzone in 1987. A collection of his short stories, Toast: And Other Rusted Futures, was released in 2002, his first novel, Singularity Sky, was published by Ace Books in 2003 and was nominated for the Hugo Award. His novella "The Concrete Jungle" won the Hugo award for its category in 2005, his novel Accelerando won the 2006 Locus Award for best science fiction novel, was a finalist for the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel, was on the final ballot for the Hugo Award in the best novel category. Glasshouse won the 2007 Prometheus Award and was on the final ballot for the Hugo Award in the best novel category, his novella "Missile Gap" won the 2007 Locus Award for best novella, most he was awarded the Edward E. Smith Memorial Award or Skylark at Boskone 2008, his novel The Atrocity Archives focused on a British intelligence agency investigating Mythos-like horrors.
I hadn't heard of Delta Green when I wrote The Atrocity Archive... I'll leave it at that except to say that Delta Green has come dangerously close to making me pick up the dice again.""Rogue Farm," his 2003 short story, was adapted into an eponymous animated film that debuted in August 2004. Stross was one of the Guests of Honour at Orbital 2008, the British National Science Fiction convention, in March 2008, he was the Author Guest of Honour at the Maryland Regional Science Fiction Convention in May 2009. He was Author Guest of Honour at Fantasticon in August 2009, he was the Guest of Honor at Boskone 48 in Feb 2011. Cubicle 7 used their Basic Role-Playing license to create The Laundry, based on Stross' writings, wherein agents must deal with the outer gods and British bureaucracy at the same time. In September 2012, Stross released The Rapture of the Nerds, a novel written in collaboration with Cory Doctorow; the two have together been involved in the Creative Commons licensing and copyright movement.
In December 2017 he gave a talk at 34C3. Accelerando won the 2006 Locus Award for Best Science Fiction Novel. "Missile Gap" won the 2007 Locus Award for best novella. "The Concrete Jungle" won the Hugo Award for best novella in 2005. The Apocalypse Codex won the 2013 Locus Award for Best Fantasy Novel. Stross's work has been nominated for a number of other awards, including the John W. Campbell Memorial Award, Arthur C. Clarke Award, the Hugo Award for Best Novel, as well as the Japanese Seiun Award; the Family Trade The Hidden Family The Clan Corporate The Merchants' War The Revolution Business The Trade of Queens Empire Games Dark State Invisible Sun The Atrocity Archives The Jennifer Morgue Down on the Farm Overtime The Fuller Memorandum The Apocalypse Codex Equoid The Rhesus Chart The Annihilation Score The Nightmare Stacks The Delirium Brief The Labyrinth Index Accelerando Halting State Rule 34 Official website – featuring a blog with guest contributions "Stross at Livejournal". Archived from the original on 3 December 2012.
Stross software releases – latest, 2000 Charles Stross at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Charles Stross at Library of Congress Authorities, with 24 catalogue records "Charles Stross:: Pen & Paper RPG Database". Archived from the original on 10 March 2005. Retrieved 24 November 2018