King Street (Toronto)
King Street is a major east–west commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Canada. It was one of the first streets laid out in the 1793 plan of the town of York, which became Toronto in 1834. After the construction of the Market Square in 1803 at King and Jarvis streets, to house the first St. Lawrence Market farmer's market, the street became the primary commercial street of York and early Toronto; this original core was subsequently rebuilt. The original street extended from George to Berkeley Street and was extended by 1901 to its present terminuses at Roncesvalles Avenue in the west and the Don River in the east. King Street's western terminus is at an intersection with The Queensway to the west, Roncesvalles Avenue to the north, Queen Street West to the east. King runs to the south-east before curving to the east until just west of Parliament Street. There, it curves north-east until terminates at a merge with Queen Street East just west of the Don River and north of the Corktown Common. Prior to a realignment, Eastern Avenue was the East end of King Street and crossed the Don at the King Street Bridge.
Yonge Street, the north–south divider of many Toronto east–west streets, divides King Street into King Street East and King Street West. Canada's Walk of Fame runs along King Street from John Street to Simcoe Street and south on Simcoe, it is a tribute in granite to Canadians who have gained fame in the fields of music, journalism, sports, acting and broadcasting. King Street West is considered Toronto's Fashion District and is known for trendy restaurants, design shops and boutique condo developments. Industrial, this neighborhood has undergone considerable urban development since the early 2000s. King Street East is predominantly known as the high-end, luxury furniture district of downtown Toronto, with dozens of stores on King Street and in the surrounding area. King Street is served along its entire length by the Toronto Transit Commission's 504 King streetcar route, the busiest line in the fleet with an average of 65,000 passengers per day, it connects with the Yonge–University–Spadina subway line at St. Andrew Station at University Avenue, at King Station at Yonge Street.
It connects with the Bloor -- Danforth subway line at Dundas Broadview stations. The street was served by the 508 Lake Shore route until it was terminated in June 2015, it was subsequently replaced by the 514 Cherry route in June 2016. In the original 1793 plan of the Town of York, King Street was the original name of the section of today's Front Street from George Street east to Parliament Street; this was changed in 1797. The original King Street became Palace Street, Duke Street was renamed King Street; the new King Street was extended west to York Street. In 1798, King Street was extended further west, to Peter Street. In the 1837 westerly extension of Toronto, King Street was extended west to Garrison Creek. By this time, King Street was the main commercial east–west street of Toronto, having St. Lawrence Market at the intersection of King and New streets, an commercial core extending around the Market. In the 1849 Great Fire, much of the business core at King and Jarvis was destroyed. New commercial buildings were built.
By 1901, King Street West was completed to its present-day intersection at Roncesvalles and Queen Streets. In recent years there has been a proliferation of chic restaurants and galleries in the area as King Street West becomes more oriented to Toronto's nightlife crowd, is near major attractions such as the Rogers Centre, Air Canada Centre, the Distillery District, Hockey Hall of Fame, Roy Thomson Hall, Sony Centre for the Performing Arts, St. Lawrence Market and the historic King Edward Hotel. Popular attractions along King Street include Canada's Walk of Fame Princess of Wales Theatre - owned by theatre giant Ed and David Mirvish Royal Alexandra Theatre - owned by theatre giant Ed and David Mirvish Roy Thomson HallOffice towers on King Toronto Stock Exchange Toronto-Dominion Centre First Canadian Place Scotia Plaza Commerce Court, including the historic Commerce Court NorthOther notable buildings on King Street King Edward Hotel St. James' Cathedral St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church Toronto Sun BuildingNeighbourhoodsCorktown Entertainment District Fashion District Financial District Liberty Village Parkdale Roncesvalles Old Town of York St. Lawrence Trinity Niagara Royal eponyms in Canada
Jarvis Street is a north-south thoroughfare in downtown Toronto, Canada, passing through some of the oldest developed areas in the city. Its alignment extends from Queens Quay East in the south to Bloor Street in the north; the segment south of Front Street is known as "Lower Jarvis Street" while the segment from Bloor Street to Mount Pleasant Road is known as "Ted Rogers Way". The street is a mix of older buildings dating back to the 1800s, including St. Lawrence Market, has a large proportion of recent condominium apartment buildings; the street is considered by traffic engineers as an important artery to carry commuter traffic before and after work hours. To this end, a reversible lane was built in the mid-20th century along much of its length to allocate lanes; as well, Mount Pleasant Road was extended south to Jarvis and an intersection to the Gardiner Expressway was constructed. The City of Toronto initiated a redevelopment of the street in the early 2000s that widened sidewalks, added cycling lanes and removed the reversible lane.
After less than two years, a subsequent City government removed the cycling lanes to nearby Sherbourne Street and the reversible lane was reinstated. Ted Rogers Way is a north-south road in downtown Toronto, Canada, it is the northern portion of Jarvis Street. On December 2, 2009 the north portion of Jarvis Street was renamed Ted Rogers Ways to commemorate Ted Rogers. Jarvis Street begins at Queens Quay East as a four-lane two-way arterial road. At its foot is Jarvis Slip, used for freighters delivering sugar cane to the Redpath Sugar Refinery; this section, north to Front Street is known as Lower Jarvis Street. Street numbering starts again at increase northward. At the intersection of Front and Jarvis Street is St. Lawrence Market on the west side. A market has been in this place since 1803; the street continues north as a four-lane two-way street to Richmond Street, where it becomes a five-lane street, with a center lane that carries traffic north or south depending on the time of day. North of Front Street, on the west side is St. Lawrence Market North and St. Lawrence Hall at King Street, while on the east side are some heritage three-storey buildings and a recent infill development.
North of King Street on the west side is St. James Park, next to St. James Cathedral, while on the east side are more heritage three-storey brick buildings. North of Queen Street on the east side is Moss Park Armoury. On the west side is th Salvation Army Toronto Harbor Light hostel and mission. Both buildings use up most of the block from Queen to Shuter. North of Shuter to Gerrard, the street has been redeveloped with several mid-rise and high-rise residential towers and a recent condominium apartment building at Dundas. Interspersed are heritage buildings including three-storey commercial buildings; the Hilton Garden Inn and the Grand Hotel, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Toronto headquarters are located on this stretch, as well as the former Sears Canada office building at 222 Jarvis. On the east side, a few mansions dating to Victorian times remain. Along the east side is the Ontario Court of Justice at 333 Jarvis, several mid-rise apartment buildings on the west side. North of Gerrard, the Jarvis Street Baptist Church remains on the north-east corner, while most of the east side from Gerrard to Carlton Street is the Allan Gardens park.
Along the west side 20th Century era apartment buildings take up the block with an older mansion at 362, repurposed for offices. North of Carlton are more 20th century vintage tall apartment buildings. A stretch of Victorian-era townhomes still exists on the west side north of Carlton, while the east side is taken by more residential apartment complexes. On the west side at 354 Jarvis is the former "Main School" for girls building dating to the early 1900s, now the Margaret McCain Academic Building. At 404, is the Betty Oliphant Theatre, which repurposes several old mansions on the west side of the street, while several old townhomes have been adapted for commercial uses on the east side. North of Maitland on the east side is Jarvis Collegiate Institute which uses most of the block from Maitland to Wellesley. North from Wellesley, several old mansions remain, which have been repurposed for restaurants or commercial use. Most of the area has been redeveloped with residential apartments. North of Isabella, Jarvis is a six-lane arterial road.
It intersects with the four-lane arterial road Mount Pleasant just south of Bloor. Mount Pleasant continues to the north. Along this stretch, Jarvis is high-rise towers, including the headquarters of Rogers Communications. North of Mount Pleasant, Jarvis is again a four-lane arterial road and ends at Bloor Street, the last segment named "Ted Rogers Way" after the founder of Rogers Communications; the original segment of the street went from Front Street in the south to Lot Street. It was called New Street and it was the first new north-south street in the first expansion of York, it was renamed'Nelson' and it was known as this during the time of the 1849 Great Fire of Toronto. The street was laid out in the first expansion of York, the east side being the original town site, the west side being the site of the new public market; the commercial core of the town was at King and Nelson, centred around the public market on the south-west corner. The first City Hall was at King and Nelson moved south in 1845 to Front and Nelson.
After the 1849 fire, the old city hall site was used for St. Lawrence Hall, the public market moved behind, between the hall and the city hall; the segment north of Lot Street extendi
University Avenue (Toronto)
University Avenue is a major north–south road in Downtown Toronto, Canada. Beginning at Front Street West in the south, the thoroughfare heads north to end at College Street just south of Queen's Park. At its north end, the Ontario Legislative Building serves as a prominent terminating vista. Many of Toronto's most important institutions are located along the eight-lane wide street such as Osgoode Hall and other legal institutions, the Four Seasons Centre, major hospitals conducting research and teaching, landmark office buildings for the commercial sector, notably major financial and insurance industry firms; the portion of University Avenue between Queen Street West and College Street is laid out as a boulevard, with several memorials, statues and fountains concentrated in a landscaped median dividing the opposite directions of travel, giving it a ceremonial character. University Avenue begins at the intersection of Front and York streets near Union Station and heads northwest for a short distance before turning north.
Lanes on the left ends as ramp to underground parking garage. At Adelaide Street West, the avenue divides leaving room for a median of greenery and sculptures between the north and southbound lanes; the avenue ends at College Street, where it splits into Queen's Park Crescent East and Queen's Park Crescent West. Between these two roads is the home of the Ontario Legislative Building; this landmark creates a terminating vista for those looking north along University. The legislature's site was home to the main building of the University of Toronto, this is the origin of the avenue's name. Today, the university surrounds the legislature building. Queen's Park Crescent is a single street north to Bloor Street. North of Bloor Street, the road continues as Avenue Road. While Yonge Street is the emotional heart of the city and Bay Street the financial hub, University Avenue is Toronto's most ceremonial thoroughfare, with many of the city's most prominent institutions; the boulevard is unusually wide for Canadian cities, as it expands from 6 lanes wide to eight lanes wide.
The speed limit is 50 km/h, reduced from 60 km/h. The northernmost part of the street is dominated by a series of hospitals including Toronto General Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children; the concentration of hospitals on this portion of the street has led to it being given the nickname "Hospital Row" by locals and the media. The intersection of University and College is home to the headquarters of Ontario Power Generation; the rest of the street is home to a variety of corporate offices and government buildings. This imposing street has been met with mixed reviews. Noted Canadian author and historian Pierre Berton commented that University Avenue "was rendered antiseptic by the presence of hospitals and insurance offices...the pristine display of wall-to-wall concrete that ran from Front Street to Queen's Park." University Avenue has matured and mellowed somewhat since Berton's unfavourable observation, though paving is still characterized by poured concrete and asphalt for most sidewalks and roadway.
Restaurants now dot the southern end of University Avenue. Completed at the intersection of University and Queen Street is the Four Seasons Centre, the new home of the Canadian Opera Company and the National Ballet of Canada. Osgoode Hall presents a welcome green space. During the holiday season, festive lights illuminate the shrubs of the boulevard. Unlike most major streets in Toronto, there are no rooftop billboards visible from University Avenue due to a bylaw. A portion of the University line portion of the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line runs the length of University Avenue. University Avenue was made up of two streets, College Avenue and University Street, separated by a fence, but it was removed and the streets were merged; the merged street ended at Queen Street until 1931. University Avenue monuments; some of these include: Union Station Sun Life Centre Shangri-La Toronto Sun Life Building, 200 University Avenue Bank of Canada Building Four Seasons Centre Adam Beck Memorial - Emanuel Hahn South African War Memorial Campbell House Osgoode Hall Canada Life Building Toronto Courthouse United States Consulate General of Toronto Canadian Airman's Memorial Toronto Rehabilitation Institute The Hospital for Sick Children Mount Sinai Hospital Toronto General Hospital Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Ontario Power Building Robert Hood Saunders Memorial - Emanuel Hahn MaRS Discovery District Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy Ontario Legislative Building, Queen's Park Berton, Pierre.
My Times: Living with history 1947-1995. Toronto: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-25528-4 Google Maps of University Avenue
St. Lawrence Market
St. Lawrence Market is a major public market in Toronto, Canada, it is located at Front St. East and Jarvis St in the Old Town district of Toronto; until 2015 there were two buildings in the complex, with different purposes. Until it was demolished to make way for redevelopment, St. Lawrence Market North, on the north side of Front St, hosted weekly farmer's markets and antique markets. A public market had been held on the north building site since 1803. Several buildings housed the market, the most recent built in 1968. Starting in 2015, the North building has shut to allow for redevelopment. While the North site is redeveloped, its market functions have moved to south of the South building in a temporary building. St. Lawrence Market South, on the south side of Front St, is open Tuesday to Saturday, featuring food stalls and the St. Lawrence Market Gallery; the South building dates to 1845, has been rebuilt twice, still incorporates a section of its original building, used as Toronto City Hall from 1845.
St. Lawrence Hall is an event and office building on King at Jarvis, built in 1850. St. Lawrence Market was named the world's best food market by National Geographic in April 2012. By 1803, the population in York, Upper Canada had increased to the point where a public market was needed. Upper Canada Lt. Governor Peter Hunter established a weekly market day and designated an area, his proclamation appeared in the November 3, 1803 issue of The Upper Canada Gazette saying, “Whereas great prejudice hath arisen to the inhabitants of the town and township of York and of other adjoining townships from no place or day having been set apart for exposing publicly for sale, sheep and other provisions and merchandise brought by merchants and others for the necessary supply of the town of York and whereas great benefit and advantage might be derived to the inhabitants and others by establishing a weekly market at a place and on a day certain for the purpose aforesaid. The market square was the center of the city's social life where auctions took place and public punishments were carried out.
In the earliest days of the town, when slavery was still legal, this included auctions of black slaves. Town bylaws prohibited the selling of butter, fish, meat and vegetables between the hours of 6am and 4pm on Saturdays, except at the market; the first market building, a temporary shelter, 24 feet by 36 feet was built in 1814. The first permanent structure was built in 1820. In 1823, the town's first public well was dug on the property. In 1831, the wooden market building was torn down and a quadrangular brick building with arched entrances at the sides was built; the building's office space served as temporary home to City Council until 1845. This building was used until the 1849 Toronto Great Fire destroyed the northern side of the building and it was torn down. After the fire, St. Lawrence Hall was built, along with a new market building between Front; the market building was replaced in 1904 and 1968. The present St. Lawrence Market South building was built in 1845 as Toronto City Hall and was rebuilt in 1850 and 1904 and renovated in 1972.
A canopy was built between the north and south buildings and this was torn down in the 1950s. The most recent St. Lawrence Market North was a single floor building built in 1968, replacing the 1904 complex, designed to mimic the South Market, it was demolished in 2015 and a new building will be built at the same site. A temporary farmer's market is located in the parking lot south of the South Market. In the nineteenth century, Toronto had three public markets named after the wards within which they were located. St. Lawrence Market, founded in 1803, was the first, St. Patrick's Market at 238 Queen Street West was the second, created in 1836, still exists in the form of an organic food court within its current building, constructed in 1912, St. Andrew's Market on the block between Richmond, Adelaide and Maud streets was built in 1850 and is now a park; the City of Toronto is now proceeding with another market building on the site of the North building. A new four-storey building with atrium is to replace the 1968 North building.
The farmer's market has relocated to 125 The Esplanade, just south of the South building. Foundations of the 1831, 1851 and 1904 North Market buildings were found below the floor of the 1968 building. St. Lawrence, Toronto Hounsom, Eric Wilfrid. Toronto in 1810. Toronto: Ryerson Press. ISBN 978-0770003111. Notes Photo Essay from St. Lawrence Market Toronto's Marvellous Markets, ca. 1970s, Archives of Ontario YouTube Channel
The Young Men's Christian Association, sometimes regionally called the Y, is a worldwide organization based in Geneva, with more than 64 million beneficiaries from 120 national associations. It was founded on 6 June 1844 by Sir George Williams in London and aims to put Christian principles into practice by developing a healthy "body and spirit". From its inception, it grew and became a worldwide movement founded on the principles of muscular Christianity. Local YMCAs deliver projects and services focused on youth development through a wide variety of youth activities, including providing athletic facilities, holding classes for a wide variety of skills, promoting Christianity, humanitarian work. YMCA globally operates on a federation model, with each independent local YMCA voluntarily affiliated to their national organizations; the national organizations, in turn, are part of both an Area Alliance and the World Alliance of YMCAs. With regard to the history and purpose of the founding, this "organization and its female counterpart were established to provide low-cost housing in a safe Christian environment for rural young men and women journeying to the cities."
It was associated with the movement of young people to cities to work. The YMCA "combined preaching in the streets and the distribution of religious tracts with a social ministry. Philanthropists saw them as places for wholesome recreation that would preserve youth from the temptations of alcohol and prostitution and that would promote good citizenship." The YMCA was founded by three men, led by George Williams, a London draper, typical of the young men drawn to the cities by the Industrial Revolution. His co-founders included Rev John Stewart FEIS who served as the association's first Secretary under Williams' chairmanship; the three were concerned about the lack of healthy activities for young men in major cities. Williams's idea grew out of meetings he held for prayer and Bible-reading among his fellow-workers in a business in the city of London, on 6 June 1844, he founded the first YMCA in London with the purpose of "the improving of the spiritual condition of young men engaged in the drapery and other trades."
By 1851, there were YMCAs in the United Kingdom, Belgium, France, the Netherlands and the United States. In 1855, 99 YMCA delegates from Europe and North America met in Paris at the First World Conference of YMCAs, held before the 1855 Paris World Exposition of the same year, they discussed joining together in a federation to enhance cooperation amongst individual YMCA societies. This marked the beginning of the World Alliance of YMCAs; the conference adopted a common mission for all present and future national YMCAs. Its motto was taken from the Bible, "That they all may be one". Other ecumenical bodies, such as the World YWCA, the World Council of Churches, the World Student Christian Federation have reflected elements of the Paris Basis in their founding mission statements. In 1865 The Fourth World Conference of YMCAs, held in Germany, affirmed the importance of developing the whole individual in spirit and body; the concept of physical work through sports, a new concept for the time, was recognized as part of this "muscular Christianity".
Two themes resonated during the council: the need to respect the local autonomy of YMCA societies, the purpose of the YMCA: to unite all young, male Christians for the extension and expansion of the Kingdom of God. The former idea is expressed in the preamble: The delegates of various Young Men's Christian Associations of Europe and America, assembled in Conference at Paris, the 22nd August, 1855, feeling that they are one in principle and in operation, recommend to their respective Societies to recognize with them the unity existing among their Associations, while preserving a complete independence as to their particular organization and modes of action, to form a Confederation of secession on the following fundamental principle, such principle to be regarded as the basis of admission of other Societies in future; the YMCA was influential during the 1870s and 1930s, during which times they most promoted "evangelical Christianity in weekday and Sunday services, while promoting good sportsmanship in athletic contests in gyms and swimming pools."
In this period, continuing on through the 20th century, the YMCA had "become interdenominational and more concerned with promoting morality and good citizenship than a distinctive interpretation of Christianity." Today the YMCA is more focused on their families to exercise and be healthy. In 1878, World Alliance of YMCAs offices were established in Switzerland. In 1900, North American YMCAs, in collaboration with the World Alliance, set up centres to work with emigrants in European ports, as millions of people were leaving for the USA. In 1880, the YMCA became the first national organization to adopt a strict policy of equal gender representation in committees and national boards, with Norway being the country that first adopted it. In 1885, Camp Baldhead, the first residential camp in the United States and North America, was established by A. Sanford and Sumner F. Dudley, both of whom worked for the YMCA; the camp located near Orange Lake in New Jersey, moved to Lake Wawayanda in Sussex County the following year, to the shore of Lake Champlain near Westport, New York, in 1891.
Spadina Avenue is one of the most prominent streets in Toronto, Canada. Running through the western section of downtown, the road has a different character in different neighbourhoods. Spadina Avenue runs south from Bloor Street to the Gardiner Expressway, just north of Lake Ontario. Lower Spadina Avenue continues the last block to the lake after the expressway. Another street named Spadina Road continues north from Bloor, but with new street address numbering starting over at zero. For much of its extent, Spadina Road is a less busy residential road. Spadina Avenue is pronounced with the i as /aɪ/ as in mine; the name originated under the latter pronunciation, with the former a colloquialism that evolved as Spadina Avenue was extended from the wealthy neighbourhoods north of Bloor into the more working-class and immigrant areas to the south. The /aɪ/ variation is now predominant among most Torontonians, to the point that in 2011 a minor controversy emerged when the Toronto Transit Commission's new automated announcement system pronounced the upcoming subway stop with /iː/.
The name originates from the Ojibwa word ishpadinaa, meaning "high place/ridge" or "sudden rise in the land." The Ishpatina Ridge, in Northern Ontario, the highest point of land in the province of Ontario, the city of Ishpeming, in the state of Michigan's Upper Peninsula in Marquette County both derive their name from the same preverb. Spadina was the original name of the street from Bloor Street to Queen Street West, built by Dr. William Baldwin beginning in 1815; the street's name did not appear in published maps until 1834. The southern portion was named Brock Street and remained so until after 1884. Brock Street was named in honour of Sir Issac Brock. Baldwin designed the original Spadina, choosing its extra large width and placing the circle, today 1 Spadina Crescent, he named the connecting Baldwin Street after himself, Phoebe Street to the south was named after his wife Phoebe Baldwin. For a number of decades, Spadina Avenue and nearby Kensington Market were the centre of Jewish life in Toronto with the area around Spadina being the home of the garment district—where many Jews worked—as well as numerous Jewish delis, bookstores, Yiddish theatres and other political and cultural institutions.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Jewish community moved north along Bathurst Street, but signs of Spadina's Jewish history can still be found in many locations. The city's Chinatown moved west along Dundas onto Spadina when much of the original Chinatown was expropriated to build Toronto's new City Hall and Nathan Phillips Square. Most of the section known as Spadina Avenue is a six-lane urban arterial, with a speed limit of 50 km/h, although it is unposted; the section known as Spadina Road is a two- to four-lane collector road with speed limits alternating between 40–50 km/h. The 77 Spadina bus route inspired a song, "Spadina Bus", which became a surprise Top 40 hit in Canada for the jazz fusion band The Shuffle Demons in 1986. In the 1990s, the TTC rebuilt and reinstated the 510 Spadina streetcar line, which runs in a dedicated right-of-way along the median strip of the street since its opening in 1997. Prior to the construction of the Spadina LRT, streetcars ran down the street until it was replaced by the 77 Spadina bus.
Bricked road bed was used along the streetcar route. Small sections of the brick road bed remained. In the 1960s, city hall was planning to tear up Spadina and most of the buildings on either side to construct the Spadina Expressway, a proposed highway that would have run straight into downtown. After a long public battle, with the opposition to the project led by Toronto urban writer Jane Jacobs and former Toronto mayor John Sewell, the plans were halted in 1971; the Forest Hill Jewish Centre has announced plans to rebuild the façade of the Great Synagogue of Jasło, destroyed by the German Army in World War II, as the façade of its new building on Spadina Road. Lake Shore to Queen StreetThe southern section of Spadina was the heart of Toronto's industrial area for most of the 20th century, but in the 1970s, most of the factories left. Most of the land south of Front Street is infill on Lake Ontario; the Rogers Centre was opened just east of Spadina in 1989. This area was the site of the CNR Spadina Roundhouse.
Some land along this portion of Spadina has been redeveloped into the condominium tower complex of CityPlace. The road once cross the railway lands with a pony truss bridge built in 1926-1927 and replaced with the current Box girder bridge in the 1990s. From Front Street, Spadina runs through the Fashion District and along the western edge of the Entertainment District, which contains a number of office buildings. Queen Street to College StreetNorth of Queen Street West, the avenue passes along the eastern side of the Alexandra Park neighbourhood, made up of a number of public housing projects; the intersection of Dundas Street West and Spadina is the centre of Toronto's second-oldest Chinatown, with many restaurants and shops catering to the Chinese community. The Chinese Spadina began in the 1970s after the departure of Jewish Toronto from the area, it supplanted an older Chinatown centred on Dundas Street West and Elizabeth Street, disrupted when New City Hall was constructed in the ea
Metro Toronto Convention Centre
Metro Toronto Convention Centre, is a convention complex located in Toronto, Canada along Front Street West in the former Railway Lands in Downtown Toronto. The property is today owned by Oxford Properties; the centre is operated by the Metropolitan Toronto Convention Centre Corporation, an independent agency of the Government of Ontario. The MTCC has 700,000 square feet of space, is home to the 1232-seat John Bassett Theatre. To the east end of the complex is the 586-room InterContinental Toronto Centre hotel. At the west end of the complex is a 265,000 square foot Class-B office building. Within the office building is the Pint restaurant, a Baton Rouge from 2006 to 2017 and a Planet Hollywood from 1996 to 2006. A south building containing exhibition space is located south of the rail lines, on Bremner Boulevard; the centre is connected to the Union Station railway and transit station through the SkyWalk, is accessible via the underground PATH system. The centre is connected by the Skywalk system to the nearby Rogers Centre and large conventions or exhibitions will sometimes use it as an additional venue.
Over the past 34 years, the MTCC has hosted over 20,000 events and has added $6.3 billion in direct spending economic impact to the community. Direct spending economic impact is created when conference and public show attendees spend on dining, hotel nights, shopping and more in Toronto. Based on the Ontario Tourism Regional Economic Impact Model, the MTCC sustained a record-breaking 7,622 jobs in the community in its 2017/18 fiscal year; the site was federally owned Railway Lands. Prior to the early 1980s the site was home to a parking lot. During the 1970s the site was part of the proposed and failed "Metro Centre" development which sought to convert the large rail lands in one large development. Development instead proceeded in parcel-by-parcel fashion, with developments such as Roy Thomson Hall, the CN Tower and the SkyDome stadium; the rail yards were transferred to new locations east of Toronto. The main rail lines south of the Centre were retained; the convention centre and hotel was completed in 1984, built by CN Real Estate designed by Architects Crang and Boake.
In 1995, ownership was transferred to Canada Lands Corporation, an agency of the Government of Canada. A new underground addition, designed by Bregman + Hamann Architects, was added south of the railways, east of the CN Tower in 1997 to expand convention space. In April 2011, the Canada Lands Corporation announced that the hotel was for sale. OMERS-owned Oxford Properties won the rights to the complex in August 2011; the purchase of the North Building, the hotel, the 277 Front Street West office building and a 1,200 stall parking facility was completed in September 2011 for $238 million. The complex was adjacent to other Oxford-owned properties at 325 Front Street. In October 2012, Oxford Properties proposed the re-development of the site with an updated convention centre, casino and retail complex; the current MTCC complex would be replaced with a new complex. The centre has hosted many large-scale events over the years; the G-20 summit was held at the centre on June 26 and June 27, 2010. It was the same venue for the 14th G7 summit held in 1988.
The 1985 NHL Entry Draft was held at the centre. It has hosted the XVI International AIDS Conference in 2006; as well, it has played host to Toronto auditions for So You Think You Can Dance Canada and Canadian Idol. It has been the site of numerous political conventions, was the annual home of the NHL Awards. Fan Expo is held here, as well as the Canadian International Auto Show; the 2016 Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference was held here as well. In 2011, on the occasion of Art Toronto the artist Achim Zeman presented an installation at the entrance-hall of the building called Str@del: Eight columns, the ceiling and the reception where covered in red and matt white fluorescent foils; the stripes and narrow surrounded the architectural space, because of their arrangement left the impression on the viewer as if he was experiencing countless whirlpools, which swirled around him. Other convention venues in Canada, or the Greater Toronto Area: International Centre in Mississauga Enercare Centre at Exhibition Place Toronto Congress Centre in Etobicoke Metro Toronto Convention Centre Building data from Emporis.com InterContinental Toronto Centre